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D EDD7 lEDb3flb B 

California State Library 



Volume XXIV.] 


Number i 

The National Holiday. 

The revolving months have brought us again 
to the eventful July, and to the holiday of 
holidays in the United States — the anniversary 
of the Declaration of Independence. By com- 
mon consent and long usage, the Fourth of July 
has come to be regarded as the har- 
vest time of patriotic thoughts and 
expressions, and is the day which 
both young and old Americans de- 
light to honor, each in their own 
way. With the young it is a day 
of spectacles and tumult; with the 
old it is a rest and recreation, 
coupled with patriotic reflections 
and prophecies. To all, the day is 

It has become trite to allude to 
the items of our national progress. 
The orations and essays of the Cen- 
tennial year gave the country such 
a feast of these patriotic efifasions 
that the appetite has cloyed of 
them, and the tendency has been of 
late to make Fourth of July elo- 
quence assail the weaknesses of the 
nation, rather than extol is virtues. 
This is well enough, for the hosts 
of abuses and oppressions practiced 
by those in power and privilege 
have made the statement of the 
Declaration, that all men were cre- 
ated free and equal, seem a cruel 
satire, ^nd yet, while one is 
keenly conscious of the defects of 
our governing, which admits of ex- 
tortion by privileged classes, or 
malfeasance by those in positions of 
trust, it must not be forgotten that, 
in these evils, we are not alone in 
the world, or that, if one should 
Attempt to escape these wrongs by 
emigration to other lands, it would 
he but flying to ills we wot not of. 

Every nation is entitled to be 
judged by its best work. This is 
the principle in ranking an artist or 
an author, and this is what we, as 
people, have a right to demand in 
all judgments passed upon our in- 
stitutions. Moreover, no people 
can be fairly condemned for evils 
which they themselves see and ac- 
knowledge, and which they are 
stmggling to remove. It is those 
who are enamored of their vices, or 
insensible to their evil conditions, 
that deserve the sharp sting of the 
satirist; those who are casting about 
for the means whereby to escape 
from bad conditions are entitled to 
encouragement and co-operation. 
But it is no new thing among satir- 
ists for them to fiercely denounce 
vices after every one has acknowl- 
edged them to be vices, and to send 
all their arrows at those who have 
thrown down their arms. 

There is, no doubt, a less eft";ctive 
general administration of afftirs 
here than abroad; but, before we 
take this too muoh to heart, it 
would be well to inquire into the 
compensating circumstances. We 
should scarcely be the gainers if we 
substituted the slovenly streets of 
our cities for the elegant boulevards 
of Paris, if, in so doing, W9 should 
have to saddle ourselves with Napoleonism. 
It is not difficult for arbitrary will to remedy a 
hundred minor evils; communities so governed 
always make the best show to the eye, and are 
superficially under far better regulation. There 
is no need of pointing out at what cost this 
elegance and outward serenity are purchased. 
One cannot deny the superiority in many par- 
ticulars — by no means in all — of English law 
and administration; but it is clear we should 
be the losers if we bought with all this 
authority and smooth order, the supremacy of 
a class, the centralization of land and wealth, 
the impoverishment of the mass. It is not to 
be denied that we might have, and ought to 

have, many of the advantages of foreign sys- 
tems, without losing any that we now possess; 
it is, moreover, certain that, in time, we shall 
attain many of them; but in Nature and law 
there are always compensations, and hence we 
should not be in despair, even if a government, 
in pursuit of its own principle of the largest 
liberty, the largest space for unrestrained indi- 

regulations which shall restrain public servants 
from assuming the place and prerogatives of 

There is good reason, then, for congratula- 
tion and rejoicing over our national progress. 
Our position in trade and manufactures, 
in fact, our industrial character gener- 
ally, is the wonder and admiration of the 

The Earthquake. 

The severest earthquake which has visited 
the State since 1868 arrived on Tuesday morn- 
ing at about half-past five. It frightened timid 
people, but did no bodily harm, as far as we 
have heard. The most interest in the event 
seems to have been manifested in 
San Jose, where hundreds of people 
rushed into the streets, many of 
them in their night toilets. The 
vibration of the earth was, appar- 
ently, from east to west, and lasted, 
with decreasing severity, during 
about 20 seconds. There was first 
a severe shock or jerk, followed by 
a rolling movement and then a 
gradual settling. In many parts of 
the city the buildings suffered more 
or less, the plaster being loosened 
and the walls cracked. The court 
house withstood the shock without 
any injury, but the walls of Welch's 
brick building, on First street, those 
of the Home Mutual Insurance Com- 
pany, on Santa Clara street, the 
Normal School and others were 
more or less cracked. The Normal 
School suffered the worst, the walls 
being cracked in several places; in 
one place a cross section of the wall 
being separated entirely from the 
main wall running east and west. 
The building, however, is not dam- 
aged so as to render it unsafe. In 
other places, further west, the 
shock is reported as much more se- 
vere. In the Santa Cruz mountains 
reports come of broken windows 
and over-turned chimneys. One 
man reported the shock so severe 
where he was, in the mountains, as 
to throw him to the ground. No 
persons are reported injured. 

The vibrations seem to have been 
more marked near the coast. At 
Stockton the shock was very slight. 


vidual action, should find it necessary to with- 
hold its hands from some things that would be 
better if put under restrictions. 

But it must be believed that the near future 
will bring great reforms in our national adminis- 
tration of affairs, so that our social system shall 
not be a fabric of petty tyrannies, while we still 
draw the breath of national freedom and inde- 
pendence. There has been great progress made 
of late in showing forth the discriminations, op- 
pressions and extortions of monopolies. The 
courts have already held that the people had 
rights which must be respected. It is quite 
fair to believe that the movement will go on un- 
til men are found with courage and skill to frame 

world. Our homes are improving, our children 
are enjoying educational advantages which the 
world cannot equal. In all our boundaries there is 
peace and plenty, while elsewhere wars rage 
and famine brings unuttered woes. Of a surety 
the national holiday of July, 1882, will be a 
goodly day to celebrate, and if the public dem- 
onstrations be far from the homes of some of 
our readers, they have still the opportunity for 
patriotic conversation or musings which may 
stir the blood and cheer the heart with patriotic 
pride. Let all, therefore, take part in the cele- 
bration, each in his own way, and thus show 
appreciation of our goodly heritage — a land of 
freedom and abundance. 

How the Republic Gained a 

It is reported in anecdotes of the 
revolution, that on the day when 
the battle of White Plains occurred. 
Gen. Knyphausen, who commanded 
the (xerman mercenaries, crossed the 
Hudson river, and with his troops 
took post about a mile from the Blue 
Bell tavern. preparatory to an assault 
on Fort Washington. That post 
was captured in the middle of No- 
vember and Col. Ralle, of Knyphau- 
sen 's army, who was killed at Tren- 
ton a few weeks afterward, made 
the Blue Bell his headquaters, Van- 
derventer's son then kept the tav- 
ern. He had a pretty sister, whose 
charms smote one of Ralle's aides so 
powerfully that he proposed mar- 
riage within 24 hours after they met. 
He was a fine-looking young Anspa- 
cher. He promised to remain in 
America when the war should be 
over, and vowed eternal fidelity to 
her. The maiden's heart was touch- 
ed, first with sympathy, which 
speedily became transformed into 
the tender passion. Her mother 
consented to the marriage, but her brother 
stormed. The gallant Ralle, who had 
passed through a similar experience in his own 
country, favored the union, and, on the even- 
ing before his departure from the Blue Bell, the 
lovers were united in marriage, in the secrecy 
of the colonel's room, by the chaplain. The 
bride followed her husband in the chase of 
Washington across New Jersey, and the young 
Anspacher was slightly wounded, and was made 
a prisoner when his commander fell at Trenton. 
Refusing to be exchanged, he took the oath of 
allegiance to the newly declared republic at 
Morristown, and settled in east Jersey, where 
many of his descendants are now living. 



[July 1 , 1882 


We sdmlt, oneodoreed, opinions of oorre«pondentg.—EDB. 

Judge Temple's Decision. 

Editors Pkkss:— The long-lookcd-for deci- 
sion in the Gold Ilun case has, at last, been ren- 
dered and published. The judgment was ren- 
dered in accordance with the prayer of the 
plaintifTd, and was based upon the truth of the 
complaint as set forth by them. Although a 
seeming triumph for the agriculturists, yet the 
decision is, virtually, a provisional license to 
hydraulic mining. 

.Judge Temple decrees that a perpetual in- 
junction be enforced upon the defendants in 
the nuisance they are committing, but asserts, 
at the same time, that when they cause it to 
appear that ethcient means have been provided 
to "impound, detain and hold back such tail- 
ings at any point in said American river above 
Alder creek, and that such means are sotKcient 
to detain all bowlders, cobble-ftones, gravel 
and the heavier sand; then said defendants 
shall be entitled to have said decree vacated 
and set aside." In plain words, Judge Temple 
takes it upoa himself to assert that he has been 
compelled to render a decision in accordance 
with the facts, but that he did so unwillingly, 
and would advise the hydraulic miners to con- 
struct dams for the retention of the "bowlders, 
cobble-stones, gravel and the heavier sand,'' in 
order that he may have a pretense to rescind 
his decree. 

.fudge Temple has taken a position in this 
matter which he cannot sustain by any facts in 
the case. He claims that if the hydraulic min- 
ers succeed in holding back the heavier mate- 
rial, they will be exempt from any direct re- 
sponsibility in the pollution of the natural wa- 
ters. In his dependence upon the dams, which 
he proposes that they should build, be totally 
disregards the opinions of Col. Mendell and 
State Mngiueer Hall. In speaking of dams, 
Col. Mendell says, in his report to the AVar 

tt irny !« asked whether the iirotection affordeil in DiiB 
way will be complete and inchifl** al! gradeB of mining tail- 
ings. Tbi)* cannot be clainitrd. The .luspeu-ory matter of 
fine sands and clay cannot te restrained in thid way. or tiy 
any oilier II. eth^d wbicli dues not provide a eettlint; l.nsiu 
in wliicl) the w-ater can lie maintained in a i)iiieHceut state 
for M»i\G time. It may also lie expected tliat dnring the 
flood etayes in the early period of (ievelopment, a certain 
portion uf material of evei y grade may )>e auHpended, and 
tJius pass the crest of the harrier. 

Mr. Hall states that from 40 to 60 ^ of the 
debris of hydraulic mines consists of fine sand, 
clay and impalpable matter, which cannot be 
retained, e.xcept ia an extensive settling reser- 
voir. They recognize and point out both the 
inability of restraining this matter by a system 
of dams and its large share in the destruction of 
Hiining debris. The waters of our rivers would 
be as much polluted, and as unfit for domestic 
nse and irrigation, even if they contained only 
the matter held in suspension, and if the navi- 
gability of the rivers was unimpeded by coarser 

It is not the coarser grades of material alone 
that the agriculturist objects to. He ia princi- 
pally etfected by that part of the debris — sand 
and clay— which succeeds in reaching the lower 
valleys and the mouths of the rivers. Of the 
100,000 acres of land destroyed by mining 
debris, 9o / of it is covered by material which 
is only deposited from suspension when the 
grade of the river bed is from eight to live feet 
per mile. According to Mr. Hall, 40 , to (iO „' 
of this matter consists of tine sand andi clay, and 
yet Judge Temple takes it upon himself to say 
that the nuisance will have been abated when 
the Gold Run company succeeds in impounding 
the coarser material, even if this 40 t • 60 of 
fine material is carried in suspension by the 

He totally overlooks the facts that we of the 
valleys will be satisfied with no less than entire 
justice; and that in promulgatiug a decree op- 
posed, in spirit, at least, to the conclusions of 
the engineers in charge, he is making it too evi- 
dent that his decision was intluenced by other 
than purely judicial considerations. He has 
failed to nphuld the equality before the law 
which is guaranteed by our Constitution to all 
citizens; for he says to us valley residents that 
we must be satisfied if we get a part of the hy- 
draulic mining debris restrained, exen if the 
water is still corrupted "with mud, aad rendered 
less suitable for domestic and other purposes." 

In our humble opinion we are satislied that 
we have an inalienable right to the natural 
waters of our streams in their unpolluted purity 
and usefulness, and, until such rights are ac- 
corded and secured to us, no farmer of the 
whole Sacramento valley — and particularly of 
the seven counties lately banded together 
through their Supervisors for united action in 
this debris case— will rest content, and cease 
calling for justice to be administered in its 
simplicity and entirety. If Judge Temple de- 
cides that it is a nuisance to put .■)0,000,0(K) 
cubic yards of m.iterial in the American river, 
he cannot claim that the nuisance is abated if 
three-fifths of the matter be detained in the 
canyons by dams and other means. And more 
especially when he concedes that the matter held 
in suspension will still "corrupt the water with 
mud, and render it less suitable for domestic and 
other purposes." 

In his 20th finding of facts .ludge Temple 
states "that neither this State nor the United 

States has licensed the defendants, or any mine, 
to dump his tailings into the stream, so as to 
be transported into any navigable river, stream 
or bay: nor has this State legalized the same; 
nor have the Sacramento or American rivers 
been dedicated to the use of miners as a place 
of deposit, or for a way to transport mining 
material." And, in his decree, he turns right 
around and tells the (..old Run Mining & Ditch 
Co. that they shall have the use of the Ameri- 
can river to carry off and to transport to the 
mouth of the .Sacramento and Bay of San Fran- 
cisco the 8,000,000 or 10,000,000 cubic yards of 
tine sand and clay. To a learned judge these 
two assertions may not seem to be at all at vari- 
ance ; but to the practical man of common 
sense, and who is ac<|uainted with the facts of 
the case, the position taken by Judge Temple 
seems inconsistent and untenable — not to say 
contradictory. We can look with some satis- 
faction to the fact that the judge was too honor- 
able to decide in opposition to the facts and the 
present needs of the case, and that he has per- 
formed an unenviable duty, and one which has 
been shirked by some of our prominent judicial 
lights. There were undoubtedly great intla- 
euces brought ty bear, both directly and indi- 
rectly, in order to prejudice, willingly and 
otherwise, his decision. 

Why the Issue Is ARalnst Hydraulic Mining. 

Judge Temple does not seem to understand 
the reason for the farmers not objecting strenu- 
ously to other forms of mining than hydraulic. 
The principal reasons are three in number: 
1. The amount of material deposited in the 
rivers from dnft, placer and quartz mining is 
so insignihcant as to merit no attention in the 
debris question. 2. The material is all sus- 
pensory, is only deposited in the rivers during 
high freshets, and is carried through the valley 
into the bays, never being largely deposited on 
the valley lands. 'A. The nature of the mate- 
rial is sn<.h that a large per cent, of it makes 
good soil, whereas hydraulic debris is practically 
sterile. The former consists largely of allu- 
vium and rock powder, with comparatively 
little eand and clay. Because the farmer, in 
the presence of hydraulic mining, does not 
complain of placer, quartz and drift mining. 
Judge Temple seems to think that they will be 
satisfied with a partial cessation of the injuri- 
ous effects of hydraulic mining. He seems to 
have departed from his judicial power to an 
executive one. If we may not have full justice, 
what guarantee is there that it all may not soon 
be denied us? 

It Judge Temple may tell us that water car- 
rying fine sand and slickens mast be accepted 
in lieu of the mechanically pure natural water, 
why may he not also tell us that we must ac- 
cept gravel beds in place of our alluvial bot- 

It is as much a nuisance to "corrupt the wa- 
ter with mud and to render it less suitable for 
domestic and other purposes-" as it is to impair, 
temporarily, the navigability of a stream. The 
rivers are public property, and we, as citi/3ns, 
have a right to enjoy to the utmost any ad- 
vantages which may accrue from the use 
of the pure water. Because the hydraulic 
miners are above us, they have no right to use 
the waters in such a manner as to prevent our 
enjoying them. And if Judge Temple fancies 
that it is in his power to cause us to accept wa- 
ter fully loaded with clay and tine sand, in place 
of pure water, for "domestic and other uses," 
he has let bis imagination run away with his 

Judge Temple admits that he is "somewhat 
moved to this by the consideration that other- 
wise mining cannot be prosecuted at all." It 
was his duty to administer justice simply as 
presented by the facts, and to leave out of con- 
sideration the eli'ect it might have upon either 
of the parties in the action. If a man is sufTtir- 
ing a nuisance at the hands of another, he is 
entitled to have the nuisance abated, irrespect- 
ive of consequences to the infringer. The hy- 
draulic miners are committing a nuisance, and 
it must be completely abated, even if the own- 
ers of the mines do sutfdr considerable losses 

What is Gained by the Decision. 

Unsatisfactory though the decision is, yet we 
have it now demonstrated judicially that the 
hydraulic miners are, at the present time, com- 
mitting a nuisance. We knew that the law was 
on the side of the farmers, but are just becom- 
ing aware of the difticulty of securing an un- 
biased judicial opinion upon the equities of the 
case. The present Supreme Court will hardly 
evade a decision on the main points at issue; 
they have the decision of the sterling Judge 
Keyser, Judge Temple's decision, the support of 
the agricultural and commercial interests, and 
the demands of justice, which must, in the end, 
be appeased, to strengthen them in their de- 
termination to decide the ease on its merits, 
rather than to evade a decision on it as did their 

If the Supreme Court sustains Judge Temple's 
decision, it will have the effect of excluding 
fully one-half of the present hydraulic miners 
from the controversy, for fully that part of the 
hydraulic mines could not support remedial 
measures and pay expenses. They will, there- 
fore, become a losing investment, and the hy- 
draulic method will be abandoned for some 
other process. 

It will cause the hydraulic miners, as a class, 
to cease trying to evade the law, and to so con- 
duct their business as not to interfere with the 
rights of others. 

It will hold out to the valley residents the 
hope that they will, in the lear future, be pro- 

tected in their rights; and that they may still 
be allowed to spend their declining years in the 
homes of their youth. 
' If only this decision had been a straightfor- 
ward and unequivocal one, and had assured 
protection in the future as well as in the pres- 
ent, we might have felt content with our eff jrts. 
But as it is, we must watch and wait; at the 
same time endeavoring to secure not only 
justice, but entire justice, and the integrity of 
our property, and those rights before the law 
which have so long been denied us. 

M. H. DniST. 

Wheatland, June 14, 1382. 

Notes oa Paralso Springs. 

Kditor.-. Pues.S:— The tourist and health 
seeker can, at this season of the year, chose from 
several routes and find many interesting and 
pleasant features in either one he may select. 
There are many in other parts of the State, no 
doubt, who would enj iy the trip by the S. P. R. 
R , which, circling the bay, passes through San 
Mateo's palatial country villas, where wealth 
has been lavished on decorative arts. Passing 
rapidly the small towns and villages, soon the 
imposing city of San Jose is reached, and oO 
miles of travel made. The passer sees but little 
of the city and is soon looking over a panorama 
of gardens, orchards and small farms, and some 
scattering remnants of Spanish grants, yet rent- 
ing out to wheat growers, and lying almost un- 
improved and yearly growing poorer, like their 
owners. The whistle announces Gilroy, and 
30 more miles have been added to the distance. 
(At this point the lioUister R R. joins the 
main trunk.) Another short whirl among the 
San.luan hills brings you to \\'atsonville, the 
city of Pajaro valley, that rivals the county 
seat, Santa Cruz, for size and importance, and 
is .")0 miles from San Jose. Here is a valley 
famed for richness and depth of soil, now 
mostly divided up in small farms and presenting 
nearly the picture of an Eastern farming commu- 
nity. Again you pass on between the hills and 
emerge soon into the valley of the S tlinas, 
which is famed for good wheat lands, hut is 
more sparsely settled, being held by several 
gr.-.nts and some extensive interests that have 
been purchased, and only now are occupied by 
croppers or renters. At the distance of 18 miles 
from Watsonville. we reajh Salinas City, the 
thriving county seat of Monterey county, 
a well-regulated inland city, with extensive 
territory from which to draw its patronage. If 
we are to judge from the church edilices ws 
would infer that they are giving some .ittention 
to theology. But we hasten on, passing the 
villages of Cbualar and G ^lozales, reach .Sole- 
dad, the terminus of the S. P. R. R., 143 miles 
from San Francisco, about.') o'clock p. m. Here 
sprung up a small town with three or four 
hotels, aud a like number of livery stables. 
At the cars are the San Lais Obispo and the 

Paralso Springs 
Stage coaches waiting, and furnish the traveler 
with a change of programme. The new coach 
of the springs is quite inviting for ease and 
sight seeing. Ooe hour's drive. crossing the Si- 
liiaa river and valley, and gradually rising in 
the foot hills, brings jou to a pleasant altitude 
to enjoy the view of a grand landscape. 

Before you, in a spacious and pictureiqae lap 
of the inouctains, you see a aeat, cof-y village of 
mansions and cottages, all so white and pure in 
the midst of shade trees, shrubs, vin< s and 
flowers, with the grand background of theti^oast 
Range mountains towering up hundreds of feet 
higher, heavily covered with varied evergreen 
trees and shrubs. All that is picturesque and 
grand are before you — beauty and atility so hap- 
pily blended. The site is protected from the 
liarsh coast, north and west winds that are so 
cold and disagreeable at Soledad, yet open fully 
to the early sunlight, which will drive oti" the 
slight fog or dews that may settle at night. The 
multiplied laps, curves and folds of the sloping 
mountains would remind one of the artistic di - 
play of dress goods in show-windows. Bat, 
turning and looking back over the valley of the 
Salinas and Arroyo Seco, you have the grain 
lields, the cattle and sheep, the reaper and 
mower, the stage-coach and winding road, the 
trees, the distant cottages and the small city of 
Soledad; and beyond these is the extensive 
Gabilanrange, forming a graceful frame-work for 
the picture on the north and east. From this 
central point the artist can get a tine panoramic 
view from every turn of his instrument, and a 
very tine view of the Paraiso Springs com- 
bination of hotel, mansions, cottages and camps, 
shady bowers, walks, bath-honses and recrea- 
tion grounds, with ball alleys, shooting gallery 
and music-hall, aud all fitted up with much care 
and good taste, 

TliQ Waters 
Are flowing springs, hot and cold — sulphur, 
iron, magnesia and soda compound, hot and 
cold — and so happily compounded as to tempt 
the appetite for more and more after flret im- 
bibing, and from the tirst draught can be no- 
ticed beneficial effjcts on the system. They 
furnish warm and hot bathings of highly medi- 
cated natural waters; and their ample flow af- 
fords fresh supplies for successive bathers; na- 
ture's furnaces keep it always hot and ready. 

The guests are daily treated to a free car- 
riage ride. The ruins of the old Soledad Mis- 
sion is yet one of the objects of interest to 
tonrists here; and each must pay it a visit, as 
it speaks to eack a lesson that after days will 
revive with interest. Tradition says that the 

early fathers used these springs as restorers of 
health, and by way of great appreciation named 
the location Paradise. Xheir old vineyard now 
belongs to the springs and is still a prolific 

The temperature of the water, in which are 
the plunge and side baths, is 120° Fahr., and by 
analysis shows 3.5.50 grains sulphate soda 
(Glauber salts) to the gallon. The diseases 
which seem to yield most readily to these 
waters are liver complaints, kidney trouble, 
ecz3ma, dyspepsia, rheumatism, skin diseases, 
etc. The altitude and mildness of the climate, 
and rareness of fogs, make it a favorable resort 
for consumptives. Very favorable rates have 
been made with the railroad for the round trip 
from any station, including the stage fare both 
ways to depot, which ticket holds good for the 
season. This is a winter as well as summer 
sanitarium, and, judging by the specimens on 
the grounds while I was there, it gets some of 
the most robust and well-proportioned invalids 
that oan be found anywhere (and the inference 
is that these gigantic, muscular frames owe 
much to these tonic waters for their extra pro- 
portions), A large number of families are mak- 
ing this their summer resort, and each year 
enlarges the circle of their acquaintance and the 
number of their patrons. 

The railroad now takes away all the fatigue 
of the journey, and the visit, with Nature's 
own remedies, generally gives large evidence of 
benefits, if all are not cared. Man's failure 
often makes Nature's opportunitj'. 

Mr. J. P. Reeve, the proprietor, seems to be 
an energetic business man, and has anticipated, 
apparently, all the real wants and necessities of 
the various classes who visit these natural sani- 
tariums — c'eanliness, neatness, convenience, 
and an entire absence and exclusion of every- 
thing that wou'd offend good taste or mar the 
pleasure of guests of most sensitive tastes. But, 
to be sure and till the whole bill, he has many 
choice, convenient, shady bowers for any sized 
camping parties, all convenient and yet retired. 
The ranch furnishes ample facilities for taking 
good care of carriage stock, if any should desire 
that accommodation. The stables of the 
springs also furnish livery at'commodations for 
the guests. Those fond of fishing and hunting 
can have salmon spearing in the Salinas river, 
and trout fishing in the Arroyo Seco that runs 
up into the cool shades of the C last Range 
mountains. B. W. C. 

Action Against Foul Brood. 

A called meeting of the Ventura County Bee- 
keepers' Association was held at Santa Panla, 
Saturday, June lOtb. In the absence of the 
president, Mr. Wilkin took the chair, and 
stated the object of the meeting. He said the 
association had been called together for the pur- 
pose of devising means to rid the county of 
foul brood; as the present was not a very busy 
time for beekeepers, owing to the failure of the 
honey crop, he thought it a good time to make 
a united tff.irt to get rid of the disease and pre- 
vent, if possible, its spreading to the mountains; 
he thought if it once got into the trees and 
rocks- it would be impossible to check it, and 
beekeeping would become a very precarious 

He suggested that a "foul brood inspector" 
be appointed to examine all apiaries where the 
disease existed, or was suspected to exist, and 
assist the owner to obliterate the disease. 

Mr. Carey thought it too big an undertaking 
for one man: bethought there could be eight 
or ten persons found in the county with suifi- 
cient experience to assist in the work, and an 
inspector, if appointed, should be vested with 
power to appoint a sutiioient number of depu- 
ties, 80 that the work might be thoroughly and 
speedily accomplished. 

Wm. Strathearn thought that all the apiaries 
in the county should be examined, and certifi- 
cates of health issued to those whose apiaries 
were found free from disease, and if any re- 
fused to have their bees examined, it wonld be 
an evidence that their bees were diseased, and 
that they were concealing the fact in order to 
sell out; but if no one would buy bees except 
from those who could show a certificate from 
an inspector appointed by the association, the 
habit of selling diseased bees would soon be- 
come obsolete, and all would be anxious to 
have their bees examined and the disease ex- 

The convention coincided with Mr. Strath- 
earn's views, and voted to appoint an inspector 
vested with power to appoint deputies and issue 
certificates to those whose bees were found free 
from disease. 

R. Touchton was nominated for the position 
and elected by .icclamation. 

Mr. Corey moved that a tax of one cent per 
hive be levied on the members of the associa- 
tion, and suggested that all other beekeepers 
in the county contribute and forward to the 
Secretary a similar amount, for the purpose of 
creating a "foul brood fond," to defray the ex- 
penses of the inspector and his deputies. Motion 
carried. It was also thought advisable, where 
but few diseased colonies were found, to destroy 
them entire, the loss thus st'stained to be made 
up by the association in bees, the owner bearing 
his proportion of the loss. 

As to the extent of the disease, Mr. Ki- 

July I, 1882.] 


mondsoD reported that he had had the disease 
in his apiary very bad. He thought he had 
got it reduced to less than a dozen cases, but 
was not certain; said he would be glad to have 
them examined by an expert and the diseased 
colonies destroyed. 

Mr. Grimes said he thought he had got en- 
tirely rid of the disease, but nevertheless would 
be glad to have thera examined, and if any 
cases were found he would destroy them; he 
expressed his willingness to assist in the work 
of eradicating foul brood, as did also Mr. Co- 
rey and others who had had experience with 
the disease. 

As there was no other business to transact, 
the convention adjourned, to meet at Santa 
Paula the first Saturday in August. — if. Touch- 
Ion, Sec, in "Signal." 

Tt|E Sw'IMi YW^' 

Notes on Care and Food of Hogs. 

We take from articles in the National Live- 
stock Journal the following notes on the care 
and feeding of swine : 

Is the Pisr a Filthy Animal? 

The little animal that leads all our exports 
of animal products, and is likely to hold this 
lead for years to come, should not be charged 
with faults that belong primarily to his keep- 
ers. The pig is called the filthiest of our do- 
mestic animals; but this is made inseparable 
from his surroundings in moat cases. The pig 
is a wonderful machine for the production of 
pork, bacon and hams. He is the greatest 
utilizer of food on the farm. He lays up in his 
body 20% of the dry substance of his food — a 
feat not performed by any other of our domes- 
tic animals — and proper provision should be 
made for the disposal of his excretion. The 
tidy dairyman cleans his cow stable every day, 
and some twice per day; but his pig pen is not 
cleaned till his pigs are likely to be sub- 
merged. Are the pigs or the owner chargeable 
with the filth ? 

Some years ago we tested the pig's disposition 
to keep clean where the opportunity was given, 
by placing in his pasture a shallow bath of 
clean water. This privilege was eagerly used, 
in preference to wallowing in a mud -hole some 
few rods off. This shallow bath was filled 
with fresh water three times per week, and it 
was noticed that the pigs seemed always to 
ecjoy the renewal of the water. This cer- 
tainly indicated a nice discrimination in cleanly 

EfTects of Feedlner Offensive Food to Pige. 

The prevailing notion that the hog has diges- 
tion equal to any undertaking in the way of 
converting crude or offensive food, leads many 
to give, in excessive quantities, whatever refuse 
happens to be on hand, whether spoiled grain, 
putrid meat, or other refuse. The result of 
such a mess, when given to a sow about to pig, 
or having a litter at her side, is inevitably 
damaging to the pigs. The milk glands act in 
such a case as an outlet for offending substances 
that get into the system through the stomach, 
or that, through any species of disordered ac- 
tion, are engendered within the system. From 
this it will readily be seen that the milk of an 
animal not in a perfect state of health must 
contain a considerable portion of the impurities 
that are, from hour to hour, given off. 

The fact that poison taken into the system of 
the young, either human or brute, through the 
milk, acts so promptly, generally producing 
disorder of the stomach and bowels within a 
very few hours, is sufficient proof of the viru- 
lence of the poison, as well as of the importance 
of guarding against such accumulations within 
the system of the brood sow while suckling her 
young. Dry corn gives a tendency to fever'^h- 
ness. Too much sour slops, if the sow be de- 
barred from access to the earth, ashes, charcoal, 
and like substances, capable of neutralizing the 
excess of acid, will derange digestion; the blood 
becomes impure, and, as stated, these impuri- 
ties escape, m part, into the milk. 

Morbid Appetite In Pigs. 

We have found one quart of new-process lin- 
seed meal to each pig per day would satisfy 
when coal and ashes fail to do so. A quart of 
peas has also had a good effect. The pigs would 
crack the peas with great apparent relish. It is 
well, also, to mix a little finely pulverized bone 
with the salt when young hogs are fed almost 
wholly upon corn. Corn is deficient in phos- 
phate of lime to form the growing bone. The 
bone may be prepared by burning, then pound- 
ing fine and grinding in a large coflfee mill. 
But the bone meal, ground tine, may be pur- 
chased at three dollars per 100 lbs. Mix salt 
and ground bone in equal parts, and let pigs 
have access to it. 

To explain tha eflfect of the lins||d meal and 
peas, we have only to remember tnat corn has 
only 1.!;% of ash, while linseed meal has C.'. ';; 
and this is rich in phosphate of lime or bone 
material, besides having three times as much 
muscle, forming matter. Peas have the same 
nutritive efifect, only in a less degree. Linseed 
meal balances the corn and makes it a complete 
ration, satisfying all the wants of pigs. Cotton- 
seed meal is the same class of food, a little less 
digestible. Wheat bran will have the same ef- 
fect in a less degree. The pig feeder should en- 
deavor to give a variety of food, not omitting 
scalded clover hay in winter and green clover 
in summer. This gives the bulk in food neces- 
sary to health, 

Forest Trees of California— No. 2.* 

Pacific Yew-(Taxas Brevifolia.) 
"Bows of the tough yev."— Virgil, 

A tree 40 to 60, or even 75 ft. high, one to 
two (rarely three) feet in diameter; usually 
broadly conic in outline; sometimes more aspir- 
ing, but always of arboreal habit; body with a 
strong base, often unsymmetrically developed, 
or measuring one-fourth to one-third more in one 
diameter than another, covered with a flaky, 
thin, dark, cherry-red bark, rarely a little 
shreddy; long and slim branches, horizontal or 
slightly depending; twigs slender, in flat, fan- 
formed sprays, the shining green leaves, closely 
set on very short, tiny leaf-stems, arranged 
strictly in two rows, like redwood, hemlock, 
and trees of similar foliage, but rather darker, 
or richer, and much more glossy, varnished 
green, about three-fourths of an inch long, flat, 
liue-like and sharp pointed, with a shade of 
lighter yellowish green beneath. The fruit is 
most charmingly ornamental, set underneath 
the finishing sprays in bright, translucently red 
fleshy cups, the oblong, cone-topped seed im- 
bedded therein. This pretty pulpy cup is quite 
sweet and fruity — in short, edible. 

Our yews are certainly not yellow-green, nei- 
ther are they somber; for, first, the form is so 
free, open and airy, and the foliage such a 
cheerful, shining green, that it has altogether a 
vivacious efi"ect; but were it dismally dense 
and formal, or dully dark and dirty in hue of 
bark, leaf, flower, or fruit, or stiff and heavy in 
any apparent sense, we might possibly, in some 
implied way, indorse, or at least copy, public 
sentiment. But, reader, if you please, put a 
beautiful sprig of it in our bouquet, cherry- 
rubied fruit and all, and let it spirit us to the 
sweet spruce woods once more, happy as any 
child this side of Eden. Should any say, "Ii's 
in bad taste," why, then, we must refer them 
to the wise proverbs of gray antiquity, which 
declare there is no disputing about such matters, 
for they belong chiefly to that higher realm of 
yea, yea, and nay, nay. At all events, let us 
agree that the conic form, when duly open and 
free, is the lightest, as in this case noted; nor 
dwell long on the lengthened careless toss of 
horizontal branch and not too thickened spray, 
but winged with bright, perpetual verdure, 
perfect integrity of form, storm-proof against 
all ordinary contingencies, or with ready and 
vigorous replacement; tolerant of the most rigor- 
ous discipline, and patient of the greatest abuse, 
bright with those precious gemmed fruits in 
long succession, and that longevity "wherein 
the memory of man runneth not to the con- 
trary." We say these, with unnumbered con- 
siderations, will forever commend the Pacific 
yew to our high estimation. 

Although Homer and Virgil speak of "bows 
of the tough yew," they are not mentioned in 
English history until the time of the Saxons, 
when the wood became so popular as to be quite 
exhausted in many countries. Modern recrea- 
tions of elite archery are largely and profitably 
reviving the old demand; the timber is now 
already being transported East and exported 
abroad. The matured heart timber is deep red 
or beefsteak colored, hard, heavy, and apt to be 
brittle if at all short or cross-grained; makes 
excellent pulleys, friction rollers, boxes, gud- 
geons, and for turning purposes in general is 
exceedingly valuable. Our species, at least, 
seems to stand well, for if half buried will 
slowly weather-wear away, but keeps its size 
and soundness below for ages. No doubt there 
are preferred sections in this as in all other 
timbers. The boughs, within moderate limits 
of tension, have the quick snap and short twang 
for the bow, like its renowned congeners, and 
have ever been used by the natives here as of 
yore, and by young America even unto our day. 
But some of our native tribes seem to prefer the 
willow-root bow for the belly, sinew-lined on 
tbe back, with ash for arrows, or the shoots of 
tessaria borealis. The Latin name Taxus is 
supposed to be derived from the Greek Toxon, 
a bow. It should be added that the bark is 
clean and thin, like madrono, sycamore, man- 
zanita, and all such like trees, which, together 
with yew, flake off the old and renew their 
exterior bark every year. The flowers — male 
and female — are found on the same tree; stami- 
nate, or males, in little heads, seen solitary 
springing from axillary scaly buds, the yellow 
anthers standing out, shield or parasol shaped, 
with six to eight folds or cells opening beneath ; 
the female, green, broad scaly, at first like a 
tiny acorn, fairy cup and all, the upper united 
scale, or rather bractroid base, at length thick- 
ening into a nest- like, ruby-red, corroloid, fleshy 
cup, the rim of which often becomes higher than 
the little nut-like seed that sits so pertly in it. 

The Pacific yew is never naturally degraded, 
groveling low upon the ground, like the discon- 
solate Eastern one; and if we must needs per- 
sonify it, like the true child of nature, or the 
barbarous Indian: Then let it be to him the 
"fighting wood," because he maketh of it the 
death-dealing bow; but to our more genial eye, 
it rejoices in a song of freedom and recreation, 
above, among the trees of the forest — apter em- 
blem of more elevated and cheerful views of 
life, or^ death, if you will, as only another and 

* From "Tlie Forest Trees of California," liy A. KollogR; 
published by the State Mining Buroau. State Printine 
Office, Sacramento, 1882. 

higher step or birth in life, instinct with joy and 
gladness and the voice of melody. 

It is found in the whole Coast range of Cali- 
fornia, and so northward to the Cascades, in 
Oregon, and to our Sierras, growing along cool, 
shady creek banks and in damp ravines and 
deep gorge", often in considerable numbers, as 
on Yew creek, in Mendocino county, and else- 
where, but never in groves. 

Lumbering In the Mountains. 

Editoks Press : — While our people generally 
understand that our lumber is cut in the mount, 
ains in this State, I apprehend that few realize 
the enterprise required and the hardships at- 
tending the cutting and getting it out of locali- 
ties where good saw timber can now be had. 
The timber suitable to make good lumber has 
long since been cut off the foothills, where the 
timber was easy, or comparatively easy, to get 
at, and the mill men are now forced to go fur- 
ther back into the mountains, where the can- 
yons are very deep, and hills very steep and 

1 nad the pleasure, a few days ago, of visit- 
ing the extensive mills and yards of Towle Bros., 
Dutch Flat, Placer county. There are three 
brothers of them, the oldest of whom, I suppose, 
does not exceed 45 years old. I am told they 
came to California (like most of us) without 
means, but had minds to work, and had (as sub- 
sequent developments have shown) plenty of 
pluck and energy. They, in common with other 
Californians and business men, have had their 
reverses, losses, hardships and trials; but, amid 
adversity or prosperity, they have always main- 
tained a steady purpose, an unwavering integrity, 
as well as great energy. They were always, 
and are still polite, courteous, generous and ac- 
commodating, as well as honest. Toey com- 
menced the lumbering business about the year 
1859. Their first mill was a small water mill, 
cutting 3,000 to 4,000 ft. per day. Their next 
venture was aljo a water mill, but of larger 
capacity. This was near Dutch Flat. The 
next was a still larger mill, on Canyon creek, 
above Alta, near what was then known as Zsrr 
station, on the old wagon road. Next, they 
had a large steam mill at Cisco. Thence they 
went to Donner lake, during the time of con- 
structing the Central Pacific railroad over 
the mountains. Here they built a mill of large 
capacity, and cut ties and shed timber for the 
railroad. From there they came back to this 
side and purchased a large mill on Canyon 
creek, aVove Alt?, and near where their princi- 
pal yard, office, store and factory are now lo- 
cated, on *the line of the C. P. E. R. Next, 
they built another mill still higher up the 
creek, and from that to their present mills, 
four in number — one near Emigrant Gap, the 
other three in Placer county, above Alta, lo- 
cated from two to ten miles from the line of 
the C. P. R. K. . These are reached by a 
narrow-gauge railroad, which they have con- 
structed over and through hills and canyons 
so steep and rugged that men of less en- 
terprise would hardly have dared to attempt 
the construction of a mule trail. I have 
often traveled over rough country on 
railroads, but I think I have never seen 
as great a feat of engineering as this nar- 
row gauge road. They I a ve now in operation 
about 15 miles of this road, and are this sum- 
mer constructing several miles more. They use 
about .50 cars and three locomotives. These 
roads are for drawing logs to the mills, and 
lumber from the mills out to the station or 
main line of the C. P. R. R. It is there loaded 
onto wile-gauge cars, and sent to rrarket. Be- 
sides these cars and running locomotives, they 
have several stationary engines at different 
points along the line of their road, for drawing 
logs up out of steep canyons; they have tracks 
laid from these engine houses down into the 
steep canyons. In places, I should think the 
grade would equal an angle of 45°; the logs are 
snaked and drawn on tramways and skid roads 
to the lower end of the track m the gulches, 
and there loaded on cars and hauled up these 
steep tracks to the stationary engines, and from 
thence drawn by the locomotives to the mill. 
Their four mills have a capacity of 100,000 ft. 
every 12 hours. 

Towle Bros, have in use about 150 oxen, 30 
to 40 head of horses and mules; used last year 
about 750 tons of hay and 250 tons of barley. 
They are now working about 300 men, and have 
six or seven boarding bouses in the mountains. 
They not only work up the saw timber on 
their lands, but work up the residue into wood 
and bring that out of the mountains on their rail- 
roid, same as their logs and sawed timber. Thfy 
also have at Towles' station, near Alta, a large 
factory, where they manufacture, on an extensive 
scale, doers, windows, sash, blinds, mouldings, 
turning, fruit boxe', etc. They have eight tele- 
phones and 15 to 18 miles of line, reaching to 
their several mills and logging camps and also 
their residence and office at Dutch Fiat. They 
are still enlarging and extending their business 
in all its departments. They say they now have 
timber enough to run them 10 years to come. 
They have branch yards at Newcastle, Wheat- 
land and Tucson, Arizona. Notwithstanding 
their extensive facilities for getting out building 
material, they have not been able at all times 
to fill their orders. To be at their station on 
the C. P. R. R. for but one day and see the 
large force employed constancJy in loading cars, 
one would naturally wonder where it could all 
be going to. Robt. William.son. 

Dutch Flat, June 23, 1882. 

Tlie Mohair Industry, 

" Sweet Hope! Celestial influence round me f hed- 
Waving your silver pinions o'er my head."— A'cafs. 

Editors Press:— In a small work, issued 
from the Government printing office at Wash- 
ington, on the "Origin and Growth of Sheep 
Husbandry, with Remarks on Angora Fleece," 
the compiler sums up as follows: "These facts 
show that the producers and manufacturers of 
Angora fleece have not yet arrived at a suffi- 
ciently clear understanding between them- 

Having formed an identical conclusion, I at 
once wrote back to Mr. Farr a succinct state- 
ment of the misconceptions attending the 
mohair industry here, and told him that the 
buck whose fleece he had condemned was sup- 
posed to be pure, and, since he had cast dis- 
credit on his pedigree, I would be obliged to 
him to inform me where I could obtain an ani- 
mal whose merits could be relied upon. Al- 
though the question appears to have been unex- 
pected, his answer is far from being evasive: 
HOLYOKB, Mas?., July 10, 1877. 

Martin Kirhjj, Aiif/nm Downs, Mariposa Co., Cali- 
fornia— Ovak Sir;— Your favor ot 26th instant, to hand. 
I am very sorry that I cannot give you such information 
as will put you on the track of getting yjfre blood in An- 
gora goats. 

We have received rcry nice, hair from the following 
parties: Landrum & Kodgers, Cal.. Charles C'laggett. 
Cal,, N. Gilmore, El Dorado Co., Cal , R. \V. Scott, Lex- 
ington. Ky. 

If I remember right, the best mohair of California 
growth, as a tot, was iroin Charles Claegett, although a 
few fleeces from Landrum & Kodgers were very choice. 
The Jnillf, however, of almost every lot received from the 
Pacific coast has been utder the average o! what good 
hair should be. 

I am glad to note the anxiety you show to improve your 
stock. I have no doubt you will succeed. 

I see the position you are placed in in regard to gettinsr 
pure blood bucks, and only wish I could give you some 
definite information. Yours, truly, 

H. M. Farr, Agent. 

It was more in the excessive zeal of enthusi- 
asm than in anticipation of such an answer that 
I wrote to Shirland & Thomas to know if they 
would sell the Sweepstakes buck of 187G, and at 
what figure. I was too late; he had been dis- 
posed of to a Calaveras company. The same 
year the goat sweepstakes for females was 
awarded to the Watson ville firm; eo the 22d of 
January, 1877, found me in their corrals, sur- 
rounded by 200 thoroughbreds. Neither the 
Sweepstakes nor her kid was for sale, the owner 
assuring me thai if he were going to quit the 
business, he would just as soon sell to me as to 
any one; so I was obliged to be content with a 
female of scarcely less distinction, that had oc- 
cupied a place in the first premium pen at the 
same exhibition. The price paid was $200; 
expressage to Mariposa, .$20. As I had other 
business to transact, the goat is not charged 
with my expenses. Her pedigree being trans- 
ferred to my records, and as I have to refer to 
them frequently in future, I forego the intro- 
duction of it here. 

After the consummation of our transaction, 
but before leaving the corrals, my attention was 
attracted to a couple of superannuated animals, 
whose general appearance indicated that they 
had seen better days. Consequently I asked 
the owner to set a price on them. There were 
six of them remaining — the last of the Georgia 
stock. If I would take them as a lot, I could 
have them at .^75 a head. If my associate ap- 
proved of the transaction upon my return home, 
I would immediately forward the money. 

There, in a dejected corner of the corral, stood 
the forlorn creatures, munching at their cud, 
with shrunken forms and tattered fleece, a woe- 
begone spectacle in comparison with the nymphs 
of the exhibition ground, who, in all the vigor 
and elasticity of youth, were flaunting the illu- 
sive drapery bequeathed to them by the im- 
ported Hercules. 

At such a juncture I am reminded that even 
candor may become monotonous; and, as my 
pledge of April let to the professional element 
is unredeemed, in order to give variety to our 
subject, I will here introduce an illustration of 
their chronic abnegation : 

Martin Kirliii—\'>E.\KSiR: We this day ship you six 
ewes, as per contriict. Three of the old ewes died, two 
got chilled from shearing and a storm coming on them. 
We had to give you three younger ewes than we intended; 
but we never go back on a proposition, though we have 
lost .'JlOO on their sale. These are all good breeding ewes, 
when cared for, and the oldest one (No. 104) will bring 
tour kids yet. We paid $200 for her at two years old, and 
she has never missed a kid. The young ewe will show a 
fine fleece this year. If it were not for her fox ears she 
would be worth S175 anywhere.- luU<DRU.M & Rodokr.s. 
Watsonville, March 23, 1877. 

This is to certify that we have this day sold and ship- 
ped to Martin Kirby (73) six pure-breed Angora ewes, viz; 
One labeled "L. & R., 7," one "L. & R., 21," and one "L. 
& R., 3.)," all bred by ourselves from Peters' pure- 
breed ewes and imported bucks. Also one labeled, "Pe- 
teis, 104," one of the ewes sent out by Holland, andbilled 
"No. 1;" one Peters, label "No. 112;" and one "No. S.t;" 
all pure-breed ewos, ranging from four to 12 years old. 

We have certified pedigrees for the purity of the Peters 
e-*e9, from Richard Peters, of Atlanta, Ga.-I.A.NDKi.M & 
ROEGERS, Watsonville, March 23, 1877. 
More anon. Martin Kirby (73). 

Darrab, Mariposa Co. 

New Disinffxtant. — Prof. Carlo Pavesi, of 
Italy, proposes as an improved disinfectant a 
solution composed of chloride of lime, camphor 
and glycerine. This mixture is capable of 
being used in all cases in which phenic acid is 
now employed, and its odor is less toxic than 
that of the latter. It is said to at once arrest 
the putrefaction of animal bodies, and is highly 
commended by the London Medical Record, 



[July I, 1882 

Ooirespondenos on Gnmge prindple* and work and re- 
ports of transactions of subordinate Granges are respectfully 
soH«*it^d for this department. 

Temescal's Reanlon. 

[Written for the Rvmh Vkubs by Clara Dfmiso.) 

The good brothers and sisters of Temescal 
Orange favored other Patrons in the State with 
an invitation to be present with them at a re- 
union on Jane 17th, a day memorable in our 
national history, on which the "battle of Bun- 
ker Hill" was fought, more than a century ago. 

This mvitation was gladly accepted by sev- 
eral from Kden, Walnut Creek, Vallejo, Al- 
hambra and Kio Vista Granges. Many others 
desired to attend, but circumstances over 
which they had no control forbade their jour- 
neying Temescal -ward. It was very gratifying 
to those of us thus situated to know that we 
were inquired after, and that those who were 
having such a good time could pause and wish 
we were there too. 

They surely did have a good time, judging 
from the notes brought to us of this day's de- 
lights, participated in at OJd Fellows' hall, in 
Oakland. The visitors were kindly received 
upon their arrival. W. M., C. Bagge, of Tem- 
escal, presided over the morning's closed meet- 
ing, and, as has been stated, this portion of the 
day was devoted to discussions upon the report 
of the committee appointed to confer with the 
League of Deliverance in regard to the question 
of the Chinese immigration. The resolutions 
were laid on the table, the Grange not caring 
to take action as a body on outside matters. 

At one o'clock all serious matters were laid 
£Bide, and all became thoroughly imbued with 
the spirit of sociability as they proceeded to 
the banquet hall, there to make sad havoc of 
the tempting feast, spread in a manner most in- 
viting. The table was decorated with a large 
number of handsome bouquets and set with all 
the home conveniences and luxuries. A pretty 
button hole bouquet wai placed beside every 
plate, each flower bearing with its perfume 
sweet savor of a kind, thoughtful heart some- 
where ic the background. 

The viands were such as only noble Grange 
sisters know how to prepare. The beauty of 
the table was greatly enhanced by the liberal 
contribution of splendid cherries from Bro. J. 
V. Webster's fine orchard, in Fruit \'ale. An 
hour or more was spent in this room, where wit, 
humor and interchange of various greet- 
ings were as freely passed aiound as the edi- 

Having satisfied the demands of the physical 
system, the members rtturned to the Grange 
room and the advertised open meeting held, 
W. M. Flint presiding. The indomitable spirit 
of our W. M., who was sufToriog from the 
effects of a cold, should give us new life in the 
Grange cause, and put some of us stay-at-homes 
to shame. Any man who will travel so far 
for the sake of giving pleasure to others, when 
he is sick enough to be at home under the best 
of care, ought to be recommended as a model 
Patron, as he is. Brother Flint believes in 
short speeches and something from every one, 
and, as nearly aa we can learn, every brother 
and most uf the sisters were called upon and 
gave their views upon the subjects brought up 
ioT consideration. 

Little Miss Nellie U'ebster gave a declama- 
tion in a very satisfactory and pleasing manner; 
delighting and surprising her hearers with her 
ability. Thus a very pleasant afternoon was 
spent in genial fellowship until fire o'clock, 
when the flying moments reminded them that 
liome cares must be attended to and these 
pleasant reunions must all terminate somewhere. 
Adiens were soon spoken, and this day's pro- 
reedings placed upon memory's record-book be- 
side others similarly spent. 

Valleja, Cal. 

Whom to Vote For. 

Now that election is approaching, the follow- 
ing remarks from an Eastern Grange exchange 
have e^psoial weight here: There is much now 
»aid about the people electing men to office who 
are honest, aud will do the will of their con- 
stituents. This is all very good, so far as it 
goes, but it is not enough. Honesty is one of 
the grandest traits of human character, but 
the statesman must not only be honest, but he 
must possess the requisite knowledge. It is a 
lamentable truth that a very large majority of 
our officials, at this time, do not possess the 
requisite knowledge to fit them for just and 
wise rulers. No person should be permitted to 
come before the people as a candidate for either 
State or national oftice without first passing a 
fair examination in the science of government 
and national economy. I would like to know 
how many of our State legislators and Congress- 
men could pass such an examination? It is a 
lamentable fact, that, at the present ;time, the 
requieite qualification for a candidate is to be 
skilled in the working of the machinery that is 
now running our Government. Ours is no 
longer a government of the people, but of party, 
and the first questions that come up in the se- 
lection of a candidate are: Is he true to our 
arty? Is he a strong man? Is he a man that will 
eat our opponentf ? These are the all important 
characteristics of the candidates for office in 
the eyes of onr leaders and of the people; and 
BO long as this condition of things exists, there 
is no hope for the people te regain their power. 

The Grange and the Country. 

"Ureathee there n man with soul so dea/l 
Who never to hinise'f hath said 
This is my own, my native land Y' 

Love of country is right, is proper, is bora in 
ns. Not alone the love of some valley or hill- 
side, some mountain slope, some river's bank, 
bat our whole country, our continent. As from 
the small colonies planted on the shores of the 
James, the Hudson, or by Plymouth Rock, has 
spread the grand tide of population that now 
covers all onr States and Canada, from the At- 
lantic to the Golden Gate, or "where rolls the 
Oregon, ' so from humble efforts and small be- 
ginnings, our Order has grown and grown, ris- 
ing as the morning sun, and spreading its bright 
beams of hope to the farmers all over our land, 
antil it is the largest organization in America. 
— Grange liuUelin. 

Contra Costa Association Mektino.— A 
meeting of the stockholders of the newly in- 
corporated Grangers' Warehousing and Business 
Association will be held in the Alhambra 
Grange hall, M»rtin(/. on Monday, July 10th, 
at 10 o'clock A. M , for the purpose of adopting 
by-laws in accordance with the articles of incor- 

Fourth of Jaly Celebrations. 

[Written fur Rpbai. Pkkss by Clara Dkminq 1 

As civili^tion advances in onr land, there 
seems to be a desire, among many of our peo- 
ple, for a better way of celebrating our nation's 
birthday, and keeping its earlier events fresh in 
the memory of our young people. 

The general call seems to be for something 
new in the way of amusements on this day. The 
Volo Mail makes a very good suggestion when 
it says: "Take the money heretofore spent for 
tomfoolery, and give it to the speakers and 
poets and musicians. Offer prizes for the best 
essays and declamations on the subjects of lie- 
publics and PVeedom and Political Ejonomy. 
Give the young people an impetus to learn 
something of the history of our nation; and let 
the Fourth of July be a day when all work is 
laid aside, and each and every citi/;n shows his 
love of country by giving at least one day to a 
genuine celebration and thankfulness of its 
establishment." This idea, combined with the 
novel procession and entertainment described 
in the supplement to the Youth's Comj^nion of 
June 22d, would make a very interesting day 
for old and young. 

Parents, get up some kind of entertainment 
at home, and choose the companions you would 
like to have come in and enjoy it with your chil- 
dren, rather than let them amiTse themselves 
about the streets of the noisy town and with 
such companions as you would much pre- 
fer they should not be with. Make home the 
pleasantest place on earth to them on this day, 
as well as others. Love of home will cause love 
of country to sink deeper into the soul, and 
patriotic men and women will be the reward of 
your pains. No matter if it is some trouble to 
you — isn't the future of your child dearer than 
present comfort '/ Uo yoa not desire the next 
generation to be a credit to the teachings of the 
present ? The continuance of the llepublic de- 
pends upon the true patriotism and honesty of 
your children. 

Kvery child thinks he must have his fire- 
crackers on the Fourth of July, or else there is 
no fun at all. Provide him with a few fire- 
works, and he will be as well satisfied as though 
yon had spent a great deal of money for him to 
burn up in a few moments. Take the remainder 
of what you feel able to spare, and give it to 
the fund for the literary tournament suggested, 
or else in providing tableaux of historical scenes 
and music for your home entertainment. You 
will find it beneficial to both yourself and chil- 

It will cause a furbishing of your knowledge 
of onr country's past as you hunt up favorite 
scenes for the tableaux, and impress them upon 
the memories of the children in indelible let- 

Children always appreciate thetrouble parents 
take for their amusement, and repay them with 
renewed demonstrations of their love, and by 
the delight they take in the pleasure thus pro- 

We find the only true happiness we have is 
when we are giving pleasnre to those around us, 
Vallejo, Cal. 

Comi-ton's Gate. — Readers will find in this 
issue an advertisement of A. P. Compton's self- 
opening gate, which was brought forward 
prominently at last year's State fair. Since 
then it has been introduced in various parts of 
the State, and from all we hear it has given ex- 
cellent satisfaction. It is worth the attention 
of all who contemplate the improvement of their 
exits and their entrances. 

Cheap Stock Range.— Our advertising col- 
umns this week show cattle and sheep men 
where it is claimed that good land can be 
bought nearly as low as the rental of such land 
costs in many parts of California. 

During the month of May 142,000 immi- 
grants arrived in this country. Native Ameri- 
cans should take good care of themselves. In 
about five years they will be valuable as cariosi- 



Cherrie.s. — Commercial: An impression has 
gone abroad that cherries do not thrive well in 
southern California. Such an impression is en- 
tirely erroneous, and injurious to the country. 
As fine cherries can be grown in Los Angeles 
and San Bsrnardino counties as ever grew in the 
State, and that is a strong statement, for Cali- 
fornia is unexcelled in the production of this 
most delicious fruit. Very excellent cherries 
were in the market yesterday from the San 
Gabriel valley, and also from the plain below 
the city, with no apparent difference in quality. 
Some people have planted cherry trees among 
orange trees, and subjected them to copious 
irrigation, which blasts the fruit and ruins the 
tree. The fine cherries raised in Pasadena and 
below the city are grown without irrigation, and 
are immensely profitable. It will surprise our 
citizens to know that our fruit dealers send away 
§250 per day, for the purchase of cherries in 
the central part of the State, when all the cher- 
ries that we need, and more, too, can be grown 
at home. 

The Anaheim Corn Crop. — The corn crop 
in this vicinity looks fine, without exception, 
and is making a rapid growth. 

K/iiTOKS Press: — Long-continued foggy morn- 
ings have injured the setting of raisin grapes 
to some extent; but new bunches are taking the 
place of those fallen. Both early and late table 
grapes are safe. — Jeanne C. Caru, Pasadena. 


Wool, AND Hors — Ukiah Pres*, June 23: 
The local wool market never was so quiet be- 
fore, at this season of the year. Receipts have 
been free, and of good quality; but of pur- 
chasers there are none. Merchants disclaim 
any desire to buy, and it was with coneiHerable 
hesitation that one gave the range of 22 to 2.o 
cents as top figures. No Iste sales are reported 
at these or any other rates. Hop growers are 
very much encouraged by the harvest outlook, 
and the prospect of good prices. A bad year 
abroad finds a moderate stock on hand, and has 
induced a local dealpr to offer 20 cents a 11). for 
the crop of several fields. In at least one case 
that offer was refused. 


Croi'S in Morior. — Adin Arguf: All over 
Modoc county and Big valley, wheat is promis- 
ing more abundant returns than ever before, 
The only danger seems to be from crickets and, 
possibly, frost. It is very seldom that frost 
has done any material damage to onr grain 
crops: and, although the crickets have been 
with us for some time, the number seriously 
injured by these insects is very small. We 
may promise ourselves, then, a rich harvest; 
grain will be plenty, and will command a good 


Cuor NoTK,s. — Atli-anee, June 23 : About 
half an ordinary crop of wheat will be harvested 
in this valley this year. The weather has been 
very favorable to grain for the past few weeks. 
The yield will exceed what was expected a short 
time ago. 


Fruit, — The fruit crop along the Sacramento 
river, in the vicinity of Walnut Grove, is said 
to be the finest and largest that has been 
known in the section for years. The farmers 
and fruit growers are jubilant over the pros- 
pects of heavy returns for their labor. 


Cari'Tn ikria. — liulrptmlent, June 21: Crops 
of all kinds are exceedingly fine in this valky 
this year, and, beyond doubt, will yield a large 
return. The fogs and cloudy weather that have 
been prevailing for the last few weeks have been 
of great benefit to the growing crops. Fruit 
promises to be very plentiful this year. Apri- 
cots are deserving of particular notice, the only 
fear being that they are overdoing themselves. 


Stock. — Kern Cali/orniin, June 24: Mr. K. 
M. Crocker returned a few days ago from an ex- 
tended tour in San Luis Obispo county, where 
he had gone for the purpose of buying cattle. 
He found the grazing prosp-ots there more 
favorable than he had been led to believe, and 
for that reason did not effect as ext( nsive pur- 
chases as he had anticipated, but brought away 
with him, nevertheless, a fine herd of valuable 
animals. He states that the crops of wheat and 
barley along the coast and in that vicinity are 
as good as could be desired, but were nearly all 
being cut for hay, for which a lively demand is 
anticipated. Over the samesection he also found 
the grass excellent, and the dairy interest tx- 
ceptionally flourishing. This business is chiefly 
in the hands of Swiss, of whom great numbers 
are settled there. Those who do not own land 
and cows themselves frequently rent both, and 
find it profitable to do so, often paying as high 
as §20 for the cows and §2 per acre for 
the land, for the season. At two of the little 
shipping points he visited, he found teams in 
great numbers, laden with dairy products, wait- 
ing their turn to discharge. In the interior, 
however, the influence of drouth was percepti- 
ble, and things did not wear the same satisfac- 
tory appearance. Bat he does not take th^view 
that the livestock interests will suffer. There 
will be grass and hay enough to carry them 
through without material suffering. 


Horticultural Society. — Herald: The 
Horticultural Society met at their rooms, 
Martin's block, Saturday afternoon. Dr. Chapin 
in the chair. Mr. Vestal reported that Mr. 
Brewer, who lives 12 miles from town, had suc- 
cessfully used a decoction of bitter aloes and 
alcohol as a remedy for the scile bag. He had 
smeared this over the trees and the pest was 
killed even above the place where it was ap- 
plied. Secretary Taylor read communications 
from D. W. Lane, Wright's station, offering to 
manufacture and deliver at the depot ]0-I1i. 
cherry boxes for2i cents apiece. His prices for 
other boxes would be as follows: Apple boxes, 
(th cents apiece; grape, peach and plum boxes, 
4^, , 4 and [i-l cents, according to size, delivered 
at the railroad in shooks; sides, bottoms and 
covers, one-fourth inch thick; heads, five- 
eighths inch thick. Tne matter of offering, 
through the Agricultural Society, a cnp, to be 
engraved, ''Horticultural Sjoiety Challenga 
Cun," as a premium for the best exhibit of 
different kinds of fruit during the coming fair, 
was left to a committee consistine of Mesiira. 
Chapin, Townsend, Younger and Ward. 


Farmers' Association. — Eos. Pre.s.s: The 
regular monthly meeting of the Farmers' Asso- 
ciation was held at the court bouse, Santa Crnz, 
on Monday, June 3, 1SS2, President J. S. 
Mattisnn in the chair. The Committee on the 
Rose Fair made the following report : The 
committee appointed by your association to 
take charge of the rose fair, in conneotion with 
the committee of ladies iind gentlemen selected 
to act with them, would respectfully report : 
The fair was held at Olympic hall, Santa Cruf , 
May 19th and 20;h; the exhibition of roses ex- 
ceeded the utmost expectations of your com- 
mittee, comprising some 300 varieties, many of 
them choice and rare; the attendance from the 
npeninr; to the close was large, showing the fall 
appreciation of the people of Santa Cruz for the 
efforts of this association to get up a fair of this 
kind that would reflect credit on .Santa Cruz; 
the thanks of this association are specially dne 
to the ladies of the executive committee for the 
interest that they took in securing roses for ex- 
hibition aud for their taste in the arrangement 
of the tablet; the total amount received was 
§78.75; total expenses, §(53.35, showing a bal- 
ance on hand of §13 40. Respectfully submitted, 
C. L. Anderson, Roger Conant, Elmer D,tkan, 
committee. On motion the report was received 
and ordf red placed on file. On mo. ion the matter 
nf holding a fair next fall was referred to the 
Board of Managers, consisting of W. W. Water- 
man, C. L. Anderton, J. S. Wait, J. S. Matti- 
Bon and R. H. Swain, to report at some anbse- 
q jent meeting. On motion W. H. Galbraith 
was proposed and elected a member of the as- 
sociation. There being no farther business, the 
association adjourned to the first Saturday in 
July, 1882. — RooER Conant, Secretary. 

BAKvasTtsa.— Appeal, June 23: The cut- 
ting of barley is now generally in progress in 
Yuba and Sutter. The wheat is not yet fully 
ripe. It will probably be a week yet before the 
headers make great inroads into the wheat. It 
is said that wheat is not generally so far ad- 
vanced in Sutter as it is in Yuba. Harvest 
hands are in general demand at .§2 per day and 

New Way to Make Barrel.^.— A Wash- 
ington Territory newspaper says: The logging 
camp of the Mattulath Manufacturing company 
is located at Caraon, half a mile from Payallnp. 
They are getting out 20,000 ft. of Cottonwood 
logs per day, using the labor of 17 men and 
four yoke of cattle. These logs are made into 
rafts and towed to the factory of the company 
at Seattle. The company thinks it has a great 
improvement in the sheet barrel, which is made 
by cutting a log into birrel lengths, softening 
them by a steam process and then shaving each 
piece into a long sheet, unrolled like a carpet. 
Each sheet is then crosscut into such a length 
that when the two ends are brought together 
it is given the size and form of a barrel with- 
out heads, the whole being done by machinery. 
This has been proved a great improvement over 
the stave barrel in cost of manufacturing, as 
well as in merits for use. The only drawback, 
if drawback it may be called, is that clear tim- 
ber is re(juired in this case, all the knotty tim- 
ber b:;ing rejected; whereas, for staves knotty 
timber may be used. Consequently, the best 
of the Cottonwood is now being called out, and 
unless the supply of virgin forests of this kind 
proves illimitable, they will, after awhile, be 
compelled to return to the manufacture of 
staves excluaivelv. 

Treatino Wine with Electricitv. — A ca- 
rious experiment, according to the P^ris news- 
papers, bas recently been made with wine in 
that city. A current of electricity was passed 
thiough a sm^ cask of sour wine, and at the 
end of a few days the wine was found to be 
greatly improved in quality, and to have ac- 
quired that flavor which has hitherto been sup- 
posed to come of age. It is said that the dis- 
covery of this new maturing process is owing 
to the accident of a thunderstorm having 
greatly improved a cask of bid wine in the cel- 
lars of a vintner at Carcassonne. 

Tii« Chicago Herald of the 20th inst. says, 
the Minneapolis mills are grinding California 
wheat, which is cheaper and better than the 
Minnesota variety. Sending wheat to Minne- 
sota, however, is very much like carrying ooala 
to Newcastle. 

July I, 1882.] 


Reminiscence of Washington. 

"You say," I remarked to the old negro who 
drove the back, "that you were Gen. Washing- 
ton's body servant?" 

"Dat's sol Dat's jes so, mossa. I done waited 
on Washington sence ho was so high — no big- 
eer'u a small chile." 

"You know the story, then, about the cherry 
tree and the hatchet?" 

"Know it?" Why, I was dar on de spot. I 
seen Mossa Gawge climb de tree after de cher- 
ries, and I seen him fling de hatchet at de boys 
who was stonin' him. I done chase dem boys 
off de place myself." 

"Do you remember his appearance as a man 
— what he looked like?" 

"Yes, indeedy. He was a kinder short, 
chunky mac; sorter fat and hearty lookin'. He 
had chin whiskers and mustache and spectacles. 
Mos' generally he wore a high ha*; but I seed 
him in a fur cap wid ear warmert !" 

"You were not with him, of course, when he 
crossed the Delaware — when he went across the 
Delaware rivei? ' 

"Wid biw'! Yes, sir; I was right dar. I was 
dot more'n two feet ofl'n him as he druv across 
de bridge in his buggy! Dat's a fac'. I walked 
'long side de off hind wheel of dat buggy all de 

"You saw him, then, when he fought the 
British at Trenton?" 

"Sho's you're born, I did. I held Mossa 
Qawge's co&t an' hat while he fought the Brit- 
ish at dat wery place. Mossa Gawge clinched 
him, and den dey rassled and rassled, and at hrst 
he frew Mossa Gawge, and den Mossa Gawge 
tlung him and set on him, and done hammered 
him till he cried 'null ! Mossa Gawge won dat 
tight. I seed him wid me own eyet'. An' I 
come home wid him in de kyart!" 

"You weren't with him, though, when he shot 
the apple off the boy's head?" 

"Who wa'n't wid him? I wa'u'l? I was de 
only pusson dar 'ceptiu' one white man. I 
loaded Mossa Gawge's revolver an' han'ed it to 
him, an' picked up de apple an' et it soon as he 
knccked it off. Nobody cun't tell dish yer ole 
nigcrah nufha 'bout dat circumstance." 

"You know all the Gentral's relations, too, I 
sncpost? Martin Luther and Feter the Her. 
n it, and the rest? ' 

' Knowed urn all. Many and many 's de time 
I done waited on de talle when Mossa Gawge 
had um to dinner. I remember dem two gem 
men jes's well's if I'd seen um yesterday. Yta. 
sah; an' I druv um out ofteo.'' 

"I've frequently seen pictures of Washington 
in which he is represented sitting upon a white 
horse. Did he really ride a white horse, or 
don't you recall the color of his horse?'' 

"Why, bress your soul; 'call de color ob de 
boss — 'call de color ob il ! Do you see dish yer 
nigh boss dat I'm a driviu' uow, righi? Well, 
dat's de werry boss Mossa (iawge used to ridr. 
He lef it to me in his will." 

Just then we reached the station, and I dis- 
mounted from the hack and paid Washington s 
body servant for his services. No doubt a 
longer conversation with him would have re- 
vealed other new and startling facts relating to 
the "Father of his Country." — Max Adder in 
Phil. PoU. 

Renewing Paint Without Burnino it Ofk. 
— The apparent cracking of paint on cars is fre- 
quently the cracking of the varnish only. When 
this is the case, the car can be prepared for 
repainting by going over [the surface with a 
sponge wet in strong ammonia and then scrap- 
ing off the varnish with the wide square end of 
a spatula in two or thiee minutes after the 
ammonia is applied and before it is dry. This 
removes the Hist coat of varnish. If it is de- 
sired to remove another coat, it can be done by 
going over it again with the ammonia and fol- 
lowing with the spatula. When the last coat 
to be removed is taken off, fellow immtdi- 
ately with a plentiful washing with water to 
kill the ammonia, after which a little rubbing 
with pulverized pumice stone will give a smooth 
surface, which can be built upon with new 
coats of paint or varnish, as may be desired. 
The same method applies to cleaning the var- 
nish from the veneers or solid woods of the in- 
side finish. The car can be prepared for new 
coats in this way in ono- fourth of the time 
necessary to scrape it down. When the car 
needs repainting after the varnish is removed, 
a light coat of lead is applied, then the car is 
puttied where needed, and a No. sandpaper 
gives it a smooth surface ready for the new 
oolor. A car can be got ready for this coat in 
two days with the work of three men; while it 
would take the same men over a week to burn 
off the old paint and give it a lead coat and 
rough-stuff it, and another week to rub itdowc. 
— 2iational Car-builder. 

A Kemahkable Block of Amber. — Some 
fishermen of the Isle of Zaigst have fished up, 
opposite Stralsund, a piece of amber weighiog 
more than eight tbj. It is nine and one- halt 
inches long and five and one-half inches in cir- 
cumference. It is a most remarkable piece of 
amber, having all the qualities which distin- 
guish the rarest pieces, color dark yellow, 
shining like glass, and net transparent. It is 
rare that a piece of amber weighs a pound. 
The piece, which is preserved in the Museum 
of Natural History at Berlin, weighs about 

14 n* 

Family and Orchard Fniit Drying. 

It is every year becoming more apparent that 
dried fruits are supplanting canned fruits, and 
that the growers are becoming less dependent 
upon the canning factories. It is also a settled 
fact that when nicely dried or evaporated fruit 
can be obtained, the best housekeepers are every- 
where giving it the preference. Hence a fine 
opportunity exists for all fruit growers to make 
the most of their product; but to none is the 
opportunity more beneficial than those who 
raise fruit in moderate quantities, and those 
who reside in remote localities, from which it 
is next to impossible to get the fruit to market 
and realize anything from it after freight, wast- 
age and commissions are deducted. How many 
thousands of tons of fruit have gone to waste 
on this coast because it could not be profitab'y 
utilizsd ! And fruit, too, of the finest quality. 
This great waste can be avoided and turned into 
a source of profit and wealth; for the demand 
for preserved fruits, whether by canning or dry- 
ing, is practically without limit, especially in a 
country so extended as this, with so many sec- 
tions where it cannot be raised, and where it is 
hailed, not only as a great luxury, but as largely 
conducive to health. 

For several years past the principle of evapo- 
rating fruit has been applied in this State by 
several methods, but most of them are too ex- 
pensive, except in large factory driers, which, 
while good in themselves, require the small 
growers to part with their fruit in a green state, 
and so lose much of the advantage that would 
accrue to them if they could by an inexpensive 

The Large Size Zimmerman Fruit Drier. 

method dry the fruit and send it to market 
themselves. Properly dried fruit will always 
command a market, and many a family that 
now sees (juantities of fruit go to waste every 
year in their orchards or gardens, could, with 
an apparatus not costing too much, and simple 
of operation, put money in their pockets, and 
in this respect alope begin a system of economy 
so much needed among farmers here, that would 
lay the foundation for wealth in the future. 

W'^ give on this page an engraving showing 
the Zimmerman fruit drier, which is now 
largely used in this State, and which is reported 
to us as giving excellent results where an ap- 
paratus is wanted for home use. It is, as 
shown, a portable machine, and ready for use 
when delivered, without a dollar of expense on 
it. It is tire-proof, being constructed of gal- 
vanized iron, and cannot be burned down. It 
is cheap, and economical as to fuel required. 
There are over 13,000 now in use in the United 

The Mechanics' Institute of this city awarded 
the Zimmerman drier a silver medal in I8S0 
for the "Best Fruit Drier." And the M<.- 
chanich' Institute of Portland, Or., awarded it 
a bronze medal in 1S81 for "Best Exhib.t Dried 
Fruit, Zimmerman Process." 

Liuforth, Puce & Co., 325 Market street, S. 
F. , are the general agents for it on this coast. 
At their store may be seen prunes, plums and 
other fruits which have evaporated by the Zim- 
merman dripr. 

A NovKr, Method of taking lumber from the 
river has been put into practical operation by 
the Hannibal (Mo ) Transfer company. The 
scheme is to run fiat cars down to the river 
bank and out on the bed of the river for a dis- 
tance of 200 ft., and cribs of lumber are then 
tloated on top of the ll»t cars and drawn out by 
two engines upon the bank. The cribs are 32 
ft. long by IG ft. wide, and contain 10,000 feet 
of lumber. They are then removed to the 
yards of the company and taken apart, the 
boards being washed by hydrant water clear of 
the sediment dirt which attaches aa they come 
down the river. The method will have the ef- 
fect of making it possible to handle several 
times the amount of lumber shipped in former 

News in Brief. 

Tu£ rumor that the Russian government in- 
tends to impose export duty on grain is denied. 

The labor demonstration at Pittsburg on 
the 17th had over 29,000 trades.-anionists in 

It is said that the Yukon river, in Alaska, is 
navigable (when not frozen) a distance of 2,700 

A LARGE whale committed suicide by hang- 
ing himself with the telegraphic cable laid across 
the Persian gulf. 

The outlook for fine crops of all kinds has 
never been better than in almost all agricultural 
sections of Nevada. 

It is expected that the Postoffice Department 
will have a surplus of $1,000,000 at the close of 
the fiscal year, June 30th. 

Mr. Cunningham, a fruit grower at GriUin, 
Ga., has 60,000 peach trees in bearing condi- 
tion, besides thousands of other kinds of fruit 

A LETTER from Fort McKinney states that 
cattle valued at .$13,500,000 are calmly grazing 
in what was, six years ago, absolutely an Indian 

Sixteen thousand men are now employed in 
railroad construction in Florida. Eighty thou- 
sand people have settled in the State in the 
past 10 years. 

Now that warm weather has come, says a 
Philadelphia paper, the rich and the tramps are 
both leaving town. Thus the cities get rid of 
all their idle population. 

The cyclone which ravaged Leavenworth, 
Kan., on Saturday week, took but 20 minutes 
to iLflict a damage of #200,000. The wind blew 
at the rate of 70 miles an hour. 

A MEMBER of the Jewish Aid Society of New 
York city states that a number of Jewish refu- 
gees who refuse to work will be returned to 
Russia with their families. 

Many prospecting miners are striking out 
into the new districts along the line of the (.'ar- 
son & Colorado railroad. Strikes in that di- 
rection are being constantly reported. 

A MA.ioRiTY of the persons arrai|,ned for 
crime, according to one of the best-known New 
York judges, are boys from 12 to 20 years of 
age, who have got into trouble while intoxi- 

The Society of Decorative Art of California 
offers 1 1 cash prizes of from $20 to §100 each fe r 
the best pieces of embroidery according to speci- 
fications, the moat artistic in design, color and 

Beaks, principally of the cinnamon variety, 
are becoming very numerous in portions of Cala- 
veras county, and the papers contain freijuent 
reports of encounters between sheep herders and 
the animals. 

The Mexican government has granted an ex- 
clusive privilege to an American company, with 
exemption from taxation for 50 years, for a 
stock exchange and trust company at the city 
of Mexico, with a capital of $1,000,000. 

The House, by 125 to GO, has refused to 
recommend the Internal Revenue bill, but recom- 
mitted it to the Wayt and Means Committee to 
report the abolition of all internal revenue taxes, 
except on bank circulation and distilled spirits. 

Ostrich farming is, next to wool and dia- 
monds, the most important industry in South- 
ern Africa. It was not successful until the 
eggs were hatched by a patent incubator, the 
parent bird not performing her duty well in 

Lieutenant Danenhauek has had an inter- 
view with Secretary Chandler with reference to 
having the remains of the Jeannett.e crew, found 
by Pjiigineer Melville, transported to this coun- 
try for proper interment in places selected by 
their families. The Secretary referred the mat- 
ter to a special committee. 

The big bridge at St, Louis, which is owned 
and managed by a monopoly, is likely to have a 
competitor. The Chicago & Alton, the \'aii- 
dalia, the Indianapolis & St. Lrais and the 
Ohio & Mississippi railroads are preparing to 
build a new structure at or near that city, in 
order to escape the exhorbitant charges imposed 
by the present company. 

During the three spring months there were 
388 suicides reported in this country — 314 males 
and 74 females. The special tendency of Ger- 
mans to self-destruction is indicated by the fact 
that no less than 140 cases were of that nation- 
ality, while 139 were Americans. The States 
reporting the greatest number were: Oi'io, 54; 
Illinois, 46; Missouri, 30; Indiana, 27; and 
Wisconsin, 21. 

On Thursday, the 15th instant, the steam- 
ships (>r; /''j-iVrfe/'ic/t and Discoverer cleared 
from New Oi leans with 41,938 sacks wheat, 
initial shipments from California via the 
Southern Pacific railroad. As yet the system 
of handling grain in bulk has not been intro- 
duced on the Pacific coast, and these shipments 
are in the form in which the cereal products of 
California are usually handled. 

Enoinekii Melville telegraphs from 
Ykauleki, under date of April lOth, as follows; 
I have searched the coast from the river Alanek 
to the river Jana, but have found no trace of the 
second cutter, or of Lieutenant Chipps' party. 
I have buried the remains of Lieutenant Da 
Long. Dr. Ambler, .ferome Collins, also of sea- 
men Lee, Garth, Dressier, Knack, Ivorsen and 
Bjyd, and the Chinese servant, Ah Tom. I have 
secured every paper pertaiuing to the expedition. 
Seaman Ericksson and the Indian Alixia had al- 
ready been buried on the river Lena. I am now 
en route to Irkoutsk. 

S. p. P^i^KEX R^EpOE^Y. 

NoTK— Our quotatlona are for Wednesday, not Satiirday, 
the date which the paper bears. 

Weekly Market Review. 


San Fhajjoisoo, Wtdnesday, June 2S, 1882. 

The markets are usually dull, and lower rates are the 
talk. No actual tiade can be expected until the Fourth is 
over. The latest from abroad Is as follows: 

Liverpool, June -27.— Wheat: California spot lots are 
firmer, at Os 9d@10s. Cargo lots are i6s (iii for just Mp. 
ped, Mi for nearly due, and 483 6d for off coast. 

The Porelsm Review. 

London, June 27.— The Mark Laiie Expreee, in Its re- 
view of the British Grain trade for the past week, says: 
The weather the past week was rainy. Most of the crops 
are in blossom. Trade in EDg-lish Wheat consists of 
efforts to clear < ff damaged samples. ForeiRu is firmer 
in consequence of the moderate supply. Arrivals of 
foreign Flour are very small. Maize is rather against the 
buyer?. Oats are firmer. Other Grains are unchanged. 
There were four fresher arrivals and two sales, with four 
cargoes withdrawn. The Qoatirg bulk of Breadstufis 
shows a decrease as compared with that of the previous 
week. Sales of English Wheat during the week were 
22,880 quarters, at 403 llrt per auarter, as against 24,119, 
at 4ru per ((uarter, for the corresponding week of last 

FrelRtits anel Chartera. 

The following is a summary of the engaged and disen- 
gaged Wheat tonnage in port and to arrive, according to 
the latest advices: 

In port. 1882. 1881. 

Engaged, tons 35,100 SB.SOO 

Disengaged, tons 32 800 70o 

To arrive, tons. . 300.400 366.900 

Total 368.300 897,200 

Decrease for 1882 28,900 

The amount of tonnage under engagement yesterday to 
load Wheat was 30,600 tons, against 35,300 tons for tho 
corresponding date last year, showing a decrease of 4,700 
tone. There were 2:j vessels under engagemei t yesterday 
morning at this port to load Wheat. The engaged and 
disengaged tonnage in port has a Wheat-carrying capacity 
for 101,.S00 short tons, against a capacity for 60,400 tons 
on the corresponding date last year, being an increase Lf 
41,400 tons. Rates— Ship H'. J. IlotJi. wood, 1,717 lont. 
Wheat to Liverpool direct, 47s Jt, Cork for U. K., except 
North sea ports, .iOd Od; German bark Di.ra, 462 tons. 
Wheat to Cape Town, private; British ship Ilovghton 
Tower, iron, 1,606 tons. Flour to Liverpool dinct, SOi". 
Eastern Wool Markets. 
BosTo.v June 24.— The Wool market has been quiet this 
week, but t rices are unchanged. There is more or less 
excitement in Ohio and Michigan, but, generally speak, 
ing, buyers are holding back and are not disfiosed to 
operate at the hith prices in the interior. Ohio X and 
.\X, 4P('j43c; Michigan and Wisconsin \, 38@40c. Stocks 
light, and very little has been done. No. I Ohio has 
been selling at 4XMi}t:. Combing and delaine fleeces 
continue (|uiet at iSiiMSu, inc'uding fine delaine and No. 
1 combing. Unwashed Wools have been in deman'', with 
considerable sales otTt.vas at 27@33c, Western unwashed 
at 25("3.ic for fine and medinni grades, and l-?c<7 23c for 
low and coarse. Oalifoiiiia Spring Wool has been felling 
more freely at 2Uit':i:»c, but is still rather quiet. Fall Cali- 
fornia has been sold at 12m21 Ic Fullt d Wools have been 
in steady demand, with saies at 28((<43c for common and 
good supers, ami 45i.<4Sc for choice Eastern and Maine 
supers. Extra pulled has been selling at 4fi._'43(!. Aus- 
tralia anil New Zealand has been sold at J f.'.W44o, and 
Mediterranean carpet at previous prices. Sales of tho 
week have been 1,500,000 tt.s, of all kinds. 

New York, .June iO. — As a rule, the disposition of 
holders is still in favor of offering samples fairly, and 
keeping a sufficient portion of stocks in sight to meet all 
outlets offered, and this naturally gives buyers consider- 
able advantage. There is, however, a failure to attract 
much additional deniacd of a general character, and the 
movement of supplies, in nine cases out of 10, has no 
other stimulus than clearly defined wants. Indeed, the 
market Una been dull this week all around. All feeling, 
as e.sprcsscd at the close, is tame, with advices of a sin.- 
ilar condition of affairs in neighboring markets. Receipts 
have been steady and full, mainly Texas Wools, and the 
accumulation continues to pile up in a liberal proportion 
and in good assortments, the quality of this season's clip 
showing some improvement. From jarties who have 
just returned from- the interior we learn that a more con- 
servative feeling appears to be developing at primary 
points; some few early sales were made at pretty nearly 
growers' views, but buyers soon withdrew, and asking 
rates have since been reduced, with recent sales at 35c iu 
Ohio. Not much offered in Michigan as yet, but, so far, 
negotiations show :i.'>c and upward asked, with 33c about 
the general bid. The stock of foreign Wools remains quiet, 
and to a great extent nominal in value. Cable advices 
fiom ICnglar.d report closing Wools rather quiet. Do- 
mestic was depressed at auction sales Scotch opened at 
Gla3.fow with a fair attendance, at previous rates. Sail » 
include 44,000 lbs of Spring California at 25(rt28c; 42 baleit 
scoured, Fall, at 'ilinyjc; l.OCO Ihsat «4.1c. 

BAGS— Trade is dull. On exchange call Tuesday there 
were no sales. Bids and i flers were : Calcutta, spot, i'J 
bid, *!> 25 asked; Oakland, spot, ;8.70 asked; Jute, buyer 
July, .$8 50 bid. Sale on the grain exchange of 20,000 
Dundee, July, ^8.9.'). Bids and offers were; Calcutta, 
June, «SM2i bill, *D.20 askcil; July, Jft.25 asked. 

BARLEY- Barley has dropped off frightfully, owing to 
tho approach of the new crop. All talk is for futures, 
whic h of course relate to the new crop. Soles were aa 
^ follows (tons): 100 ,Vo. 1 feed, seller 3, SI. 21; 20, $1.20; 
I 100, July, *l.20; 100, October, SI. 22; 10 No. 2 feed, spot, 
[«1.15l; 100 No. 2 brewing, seller 1882, $1.27. Bids and 
i offers were: No. 1 brewing, July, $1.27., bid, -^1.35 asked; 
I October, ijil. 271 bid, .SI. 35 asked; No. 2, brewing, July, 
' *l.-27! asked; No. 1 feed, August, si. 165 Wd, Jl.l'J asked; 
September, Jl.lO bid, *1. 20 asked; November, 81.24 bid, 
$1 24 asked; December, a!l.25 bid, 81.28 asked; No. 2 
feed, .\ugusl, $1.14^ bid, itl.n.j asked; ijeptember, $ 
bid, *1.1.') asked; October, 81.15 bid, 81.17} asked; Novem- 
ber, 81.16 bid, $1 .10 asked; December, 81.16 bid, $1.19 
asked; No 1 Chevalier, July, 8L65 asked; No. 8, July, 
#1.25 asked; Septfmber, $1 16 asked. On the 3 o'clock 
call, .^l.IO was bid, 81. 15 asked, for No. 2 feed, spot. Sales 
were: 200 No. 1 feed, November, $1.24; 100 No. 2 feid 
August, 81.1.^; ^0, September, 81.15. Silea on the Oraiu 
Exchange of 100 tons No 1 feed, October, 81.21. Bids and 
oft'erswere: No. 1 feed, July, 8119 asked; August, 
biJ; September, 81 19 asked; December, $1 26 asked. 
BEANS - Beans are uucha.iged. 

(Continued on page 12.) 



[July I. itSa 

A story of the Revolution. 

Tbe Only Woman In the Town. 

In Boston, at ten of the clock one April 
night, 1775, a church steeple had been climbed 
and a lantern hang out. 

At ten, the same night, in mid-rirer of the 
Charles, oarsmen two, with passenger silent 
and grim, had seen the signal light out-swung 
and rowed with speed tor the Charlestown 

At eleven, the moon was risen, and the grim 
passengpr, Paul Revere, had ridden up the 
Neck, encountered a foe, who opposed his ride 
into the country, and, after a brief delay 
rode ou, leaving a British otfioer lying in a clay 

At mi lnight a hundred ears had heard the 
flying hordeman cry, "Up and arm. The reg 
ulars are coming out I ' 

You know the story well. You have heard 
how the wild alarm ran from voice to voice 
and echoed beneath every roof, until the men 
of Lexington and Concord were stirred and 
aroused with patriotic fear for the safety of the 
public stores that had been committed to their 

You know how long ere the chill April day 
began to dawn, they had drawn, by horse power 
and by hand power, the cherished stores into 
safe hiding places in the depth of friendly forest 

There is one thing about that day that you 
have not heard, and I will tell you now. It is 
how one little woman staid in the town 
of Concord, whence all the women save her had 

All the houses that were st.anding then are 
very old-fashioned now; but there was one 
dwelling-place on Concord common that was 
old-fashioned even then ! It was the abode of 
Martha Moulton and "Uncle John." .Just who 
"Uncle John" was, is notnow known, but he was 
probably Martha Moulton's uncle. The uncle, 
it appears by record, was 85 years old, while 
the niece was only three-score and eleven. 

Once and again that morning a friendly hand 
had pulled the latch string at Martha Moulton's 
kitchen eatrance and offered to convey herself 
and treasures away, but, to either proffer, she 
had said : "No, I must stay until Uncle John 
gets the cricks out of his back, if all the British 
solditri in the land march into town." 

At last came Joe Devins, a lad of !'> years. 
Joe's two astonished eyes peered for a moment 
into Martha Moulton's kitchen, and then eyes 
and owner dashed into the room, to learn what 
tbe sight he there saw could mean. 

"Whew 1 Mother Moulton, what are you 
doing ?" 

"I'm getting Uacle John bis breakfast, to be 
sure, Joe," she answered. "Have you seen so 
many sights this morning that yon don't know 
breakfast when you see it? Have a care there, 
for hot fat will burn," as she deftly poured 
the contents of a pan, fresh from the tire, into 
a dish. 

Hungry Joe had been astir since the first 
drum had beat to arms at two of the clock. He 
gave one glance at the boiling cream and the 
slices of crisp pork swimming in it, a.% he gasped 
forth the words, ' Getting breakfast in Con- 
cord this morning : Mother Moulton, you must 
be crazy." 

As the little woman bent to take up the 
breakfast, Joe, intent on doing some kindness 
for her in the way of saving treasures, asked, 
"Shan't I help you, Mother Moulton?" 

"I reckon I am cot so old that I can't lift a 
mite of corn bread," she replied, with chilling 

' Ob, I didn't mean to lift that thing," he 
made haate to explain, "but to carry off things 
and hide 'em away, as everybody else has been 
doing half the night. I know a first-rate place 
np in the woods. Used to be a honey tree, you 
know, and it's just as hollow as anything. Sil- 
ver spoons and things would be jast as safe in 
it — " but Joe's words were interrupted by un- 
usual tumult on the street, and he ran off to 
learn the news, intending to return and 
get the breakfast that had been offered to him. 

Presently he rushed back to the house, with 
cheeks aflame and eyes ablaze with excitement. 
"They're a coming !" he cried. "They're in 
sight down by the rocks. They see 'em march- 
ing, the men on the hill, do !" 

"Y''ou don't mean that it's really true that 
the boldiers are coming here, right into our 
towu ?" cried Martha Moulton, rising in haste 
and brin^iDg together with rapid flourishes to 
right and to left, every fragment of silver on it. 
Divining her intent. Uncle John, who was eat- 
ing his breakfast, btrovetohold fast his individual 
spoon, but she twitched it without ceremony 
out from his rheumatic old fingers, and ran 
next to the parlor cupboard, wherein lay her 
movable treasures. 

"What in the world shall I do with them," 
she cried, returning with her apron well filled 
with treasures, and borne down by the weight 

"Give 'em to me," cried Joe. "Here's a 

basket, drop 'em in, and I'll run like a brush 
fire through the town and across the old bridge, 
and hide 'em as safe as a weasel's nap." 

Joe's finger's were creamy; his mouth was 
half filled with Johnny-cake, and his pocket ou 
the right bulged to its utmost capacity with 
the same, as he held forth the basket; but the 
little woman was afraid to trust him, as she 
had been afraid to trust her neighbors. 

"No! Nol" she replied, to his repeated offers. 
"I know what I'll do. You, Joe Devins, stay 
right where you are till I come back, and, don't 
you ever look out of the window." 

"Dear, dear me!" she cried, flashed and 
anxious when she was out of sight of Uocle 
John and Joe. I wish I'd given 'em to Col. 
Barrett when he was here before daylight, only, 
I was afraid I should never get sight of them 

She drew off one ot her stockings, filled it, 
tied the opening at the top with a string — 
plunged stocking and all into a pail full of 
water and proceeded to pour the contents into 
the well. 

Jast as the dark circle had closed over the 
blue stocking, Joe Devins' face peered down 
the depths by her side, and his voice sounded 
out the words: "0, Mother Moulton, the 
British will search the wells the very first 
thing. Of coarse, they expect to find things in 

"Why didn't you tell me before, Joe? but 
now it is too late." 

"I would, if I'd known what you was going 
to do; they'd been a sight safer in the honey 

"Yes, and what a fool I've been — flung my 
watch into the well with the spoons!" 

"Well, well! Don't stand there looking," as 
she hovered over the high curb, with her hand 
on the bucket. Everybody will know, if yoa 
do, there." 

Martha Moulton hurried back into the house. 
Asmilebrokesuddenlyoverherfair face, displac- 
ing for a brief second every trace of care. "It's 
my only weapon, and I musi use it," she said, 
making a stately courtesy to an imaginary 
guest, and straightway disappeared within an 
adj jining room. With buttoned door and 
dropped curtains the little woman made haste 
to array herself in her finest raiment. In five 
minutes she reappeared in the kitchen, a pic- 
ture pleasant to look at. In all New Kagland 
there could not be a more beautiful little old 
lady than Martha Moulton was that day. Her 
hair was guiltless now of cobwebs, but haloed 
her face with fluffy little curls of silvery white- 
ness, above which, like a crown, was a little 
cao of dotted muslin, pure as snow. Her erect 
figure, not a particle of the hard-working day 
in it now, carried well the folds of a sheeny, 
black silk gown, over which she had tied an 
apron as spotless as the cap. 

As she fastened back her gown and hurried 
away the signs of the breakfast she had not 
eaten, the clear pink tints seemed to come out 
with added beauty of coloring in her cheeks; 
while her hair seemed fairer and whiter than at 
any moment in her three-score and 11 years. 

OaQe more Joe Devins looked in. As he 
caughc a glimpse of the picture she made, he 
paused to cry out : "All dressed up to meet 
the robbers ! My, how fine you do look ! I 
wouldn't. I'd go and hide behind the nubbinp. 
They'll be here in less than five minutes now," 
he cried, "and I'm going over the North bridge 
to see what's going on there." 

"0 Joe, stay, won't you?" she urged, but the 
lad was gone, and she was left alone to meet 
the foe, comforting herself with the thought, 
'They'll treat me wilh more respect if I look 
respectable, and if I must die, I'll die good- 
looking, in my best clothes, anyhow." 

She threw a few sticks of hickory wood on 
the embers, and then drew out the little round 
stand, on which the family Bible was always 
lying. Recollecting that the British soldiers 
probably belonged to the Church of England, 
she hurried away to fetch Uucle John's "prayer 

"They'll have respect to me, if they find me 
reading that, I know," she thought. Having 
drawn the round stand within sight of the well, 
and where she could also command a view of 
the staircase, she sat and waited for coming 

Uncle John was keeping watch of the ad- 
vancing troops from an upper window. 

"Martha," he called, "you'd better come up. 
They're close by now." 

To tell the truth. Uncle John himself was a 
little afraid. That is to say, he hadn't qaite 
courage enough to go down, and, perhaps, en- 
counter his own rheumatism and the king's sol- 
diers on the same stairway; and yet he felt that 
he must defend Martha as well as he could. 

The rap of a musket, quick and ringing, on 
the front door, startled the little woman from 
her apparent devotions. She did not move at 
the call of anything so profane. It was the cus- 
tom of the time to have the front door divided 
into two parts, the lower half and the upper 
half. The former was closed and made fast, the 
upper could be swung open at will. 

Vhe soldier, getting no reply, and doubtless 
thinking that the house was deserted, leaped 
over the chained lower half of the door. 

At the clang of his bayonet against the brass 
trimmings, Martha Moulton groaned in spirit, 
for if there was any one thing that she deemed 
essential to her comfort in this life, it was to 
keep spotless, epeckless, and in every way un- 
harmed, the great knocker on her front door. 

"Good, sound English metal, too," she 
thought, "that an English soldier ought to know 
how to respect." 

As she heard the tramp of coming feet, she 
only bent the closer over the Book of Prayer 
that lay open on her knee. Not one word did 
she read or see; she was inwardly trembling, 
and outwardly watching the well and the stair- 
case. But now, above all other sounds, broke 
the noise of Uncle John's stafl' thrashing the 
upper step of the staircase, and the shrill, trem- 
ulous cry of the old man defiant, doing his at 
most for the defense of his castle. 

The fingers that lay beneath the book tingled 
with desire to boT the old man's ears, for the 
policy he was pursuing would be fatal to the 
treasure in garret and in well; but she 
forced to silence and inactivity. 

As the king's troops. Major Pitcairn at their 
head, reached the open door and saw the old 
lady, they paossd. Whatcould they do but look, 
for a moment, at the unexpected sight that met 
their view: a placid old lady in black silk and 
dotted muslin, with all the sweet solemnity 
of morning devotion hovering about the tidy 
apartment and seeming to center at the stand 
by which she sat — this pretty woman, with pink 
and white face surmounted with fleecy little 
carls and crinkles and wisps of floating white- 
ness, who looked up to meet their gaze with 
such innocent, prayer-suffused eyes. 

"Good morning, mother," said Major Pit- 
cairn, raising his hat. 

"Good morning, gentlemen and soldiers," re- 
turned Martha Moulton. "You will pardon 
my not meeting you at the door, when you see 
that I was occupied in rendering service to the 
Lord of all." 

She re\-erently closed the book, laid it on the 
table, and arose, with a stately bearing, to 
demand their wishes. 

"We're hungry, good woman," spoke the 
commander, "and your hearth is the only hos- 
pitable one we've seen since we left Boston. 
With your good leave, I'll take a bit of this." 
And he stooped to lift up the johnny-cake that 
had been all this while on tbe hearth. 

"I wish I had something better to offjr you," 
she said, making haste to fetch plates and 
knives from the corner-cupboard; and all the 
while she was keeping eye-guard over the well. 
"I'm afraid the Concorders haven't left muck 
for you to-day," she' added, with a soft sigh of 
regret, as though she really felt sorry that tuch 
brave men and good soldiers had falL u on hard 
times in the ancient town. 

At the moment she had brought forth bread 
and baked beans, and was putting them pn the 
table, a voice rang into the room, causing every 
eye to turn toward Uncle John. He had got- 
ten down the stairs without uttering one audi- 
ble groan, and was standing, one step above the 
floor of the room, brandishing and whirling his 
staff about in a manner to cause even rheuma- 
tism to flee the place, while at the top of his 
voice he cried out: 

"Martha Moulton, how dare you feed these — 
these -monsters — in human form ! ' 

"Don't mind him, gentlemen, please don't," 
she made haste to say; "he's old, very old — 
85 his last birthday — and — a little hoity-toity 
at times." pointing deftly with her finger in 
the region of the reasoning powers in her own 
shapely head. 

Summoning Major I'ltcairn by an ofl';ir of a 
dish of beans, she contrived to say under cover 
of it: 

"Yon see, s'ir, I couldn't go away and leave 
him. Ho is almost distracted with rheuma- 
tism, and this excitement to-day will kill him, 
I'm afraid." 

Advancing toward the staircase with bold and 
soldierly front, -Major Pitcairn said to Uncle 

"Stand aside, o]d man, and we'll hold you 

"I don't believe you wilf, you red-trimmed 
trooper, you," was the rejily; and with a dex 
trous swing of the wooden staff, he mowed off 
and down three military hats. 

Before any one had time to speak, Martha 
Moulton, adroitly stooping, as though to rtcover 
Major Pitcairn's hat, which had rolled to her 
feet, swung the stairway door into its place 
with a resounding bang, and followed up that 
achievement with a swift turn of two large 
wooden buttons, one high up, and the other low 
down, on the door. 

"There !" she said, "he is safe ont of mis- 
chief for a while, and your heads are safe as 
well. Pardon a poor old man, who does not 
know what he is about." 

"He seems to know remarkably well," ex- 
claimed an officer. 

Meanwhile, behind the strong door. Uncle 
John's wrath knew no bounds. In his frantic 
endeavors to burst the fastenings of the wooden 
buttons, rheumatic cramps seized him and car- 
ried the day, leaving him out of the battle. 

Meanwhile, a portion of the soldiery clustered 
about the door. The King's horses were fed 
within five feet of the great brass knocker, 
while, within the house, the beautiful little old 
woman, in her Sunday-best raiment, tried to do 
the dismal honors of the day to the foes of her 
country. Watching her, one would have 
thought she was entertaining heroes returned 
from the achievement of valiant deeds, whereas 
in her own heart she knew full well that she 
was giving a little to save much. 

Nothing could exceed the seeming alacrity 
with which she fetched water from the well for 
the officers; and when Major Pitcairn gallantly 
offered his men to do the service, the little soul 
was in alarm, she was so afraid that "some- 
how, in some way or another, the blue stocking 
would get hitched on to the bucket. " She knew 
that she must to its rescue, and so she bravely 
acknowledged herself to have taken a vow 

(when, she did not say) to draw all the water 
that was taken from that well. 

"A remnant of witchcraft," remarked a sol- 
dier within hearing. 

"Da I look like a witch ?" she demanded. 
"If you do," replied Major Pitcairn, "I ad- 
mire New England witches, and never would 
condemn one to be hung, or burned, or — smoth- 

Martha Moulton never wore so brilliant a 
color on her aged cheeks as at that moment. 
She felt bitter shame at the ruse she had at- 
tempted; but silver spoons were precious, and, 
to escape the smile that went around at -Major 
Pitcairn's words, she was only too glad to go 
again to the well, and dip slowly the high, over- 
hanging sweep into the cool, clear, dark depths 

Daring this time the cold, frosty morning 
spent itself into the brilliant, shining noon. 

Yoa know what happened at Concord on the 
19:h of April, in the year 1775. You have been 
told the story, how the men of Acton met and 
resisted the King's troops at the old North 
bridge; how brave Captain Davis and minute- 
man Hosmer fell; how the sound of their fall- 
ing struck down to the very heart of mother 
earth, and caused her to send forth her brave 
sons to cry "Liberty or death!" 

And tbe rest of the story — the GO or more 
barrels of Hour that the King's troops found and 
struck the heads from, leaving the flour in con- 
dition to be gathered again at nightfall; the 
arms and powder that they destroyed, the 
houses they burned — all these, are they not re- 
corded in every child's history in the land ? 

While these things were going on, for a brief 
while, at midday, Martha Moulton found her 
home deserted. She had not forgotten pocr, 
suffering, irate Uncle John in the regions above; 
and so, the very minute she had the chance, 
she made a strong cup of catnip tea (the real 
tea, you know, was brewing in Boston harbor). 

She turned the buttons, and wilh a bit of trem- 
bling at her heart, such as she had not felt all 
day, she ventured up the stairs, bearing the 
steaming peace-offering before her. 

Uncle John was writhing under the sharp 
thorns and twinges of his old enemy, and in no 
frame of mind to receive any overtures in the 
way of catnip tea; nevertheless, he was watch- 
ing, as well as he was able, the motions of the 
enemy. As she drew near he cried out: 

"Look out this window, and see. Much good 
all your scheming will do you." 

She obeyed his command to look, and the 
sight she then saw caused her to let fall the cup 
of catnip tea and rush down the stairs, wring- 
ing her hands as she went, and crying out: 

' Oh, dear! what shall I dt? The house will 
burn and the box ud garret. Everything's 

Major I'ltcairn, at that moment, was on the 
green in front of her door, giving order?. 

Forgetting the dignifled part she intended to 
play, forgetting everything but the supreme 
danger that was hovering in mid-air over her 
home — the old house wherein she had been 
born, and the only home she had ever known — 
she rushe 1 out upon tl e green, amid the troops 
and surrounded by cavalry, and made her way 
to Major Pitcairn. 

"The court house is on firf!'' she cried, lay- 
ing her hand upon the commander's arm. 

He turned and looked at her. Major Pitcairn 
had recently learned that the task he had been 
set to do in the provincial towns that day was 
not an easy one; that, when hard pressed and 
trodden down, the despised rustics, in home- 
spun dress, could sting even English soldiers; 
and thus it happened that, when he felt the 
touch of Mother Moulton's plump little old 
fingers on his military sleeve, he was not in the 
pleasant humor that he had been, when the 
same hand had ministered to his hunger in the 
early morning. 

"Well, what of it? Let it burn! We won't 
hurt you, if you go in the house and stay 

She turned and glanced up at the court bouse. 
Already flames were issuing from it. "Go in 
the house and let it burn, indeed!" tbonght she. 
"He knows me, don't he? Oh, sir! for the 
love of heaven won't yoa stop it?" she said, en- 

Hun in the house, good mother. That is a 
wise woman," he advised. 

Dawn in hei heart, and as the very outcome 
of lip and brain, she wanted to say, "You 
needn't 'mother' me, you murderous rascals!" 
but, remembering everything that was at stake, 
she crushed her wrath and buttoned it in as 
closely as she had Uncle John behind tbe door 
in the morning, and again, with swift gentle- 
ness, laid her band on his arm. 

He turned and looked at her. Vexed at her 
persistence, and extremely annoyed at intelli- 
gence that had just reached him from tbe North 
bridge, he said, imperiously, "Get away ! or 
you'll be trodden down by the horses!"' 

"I can't go!" she cried, clasping his arm, and 
fairly clinging to it in her frenzy of excitement. 

Oh, stop the tire, quick, quick! or my house 
will bural" 

I have no time to put ont your fires," he 
said, carelessly, shaking loose from her hold 
and turning to meet a messenger with news. 

Poor little woman! What could she di ? The' 
wind was rising, and the fire grew. Flame was 
creeping out in a little blue curl in a new placp, 
under the rafter's edge, and nobody carid. 
That was what increased the pressing misery of 
it all. It was so unlike a common country 
alarm, where everybody rushed up and down 
the streets, crying, "Fire! tire! f-i-r-e;" and 

July I, 1882.3 


went hurrying to and fro for pails of water to 
help put it out. 

Until that monvent the .little woman did not 
know how utterly deserted she was. 

In very despair, she ran to her house, seized 
two pails, filled them with greater haste than 
she had ever drawn water before, and, regard- 
less of Uncle John's imprecations, carried them 
forth, one in either hand, the water dripping 
carelessly down the side breadths of her fair 
silk gown, her silvery curls tossed and tum- 
bled in white confusion, her pleasant faco aHame 
with eagerness, and her clear eyes suffased with 

Thns equipped with facts and feeling, she 
once more appeared to Major Pitcairn. 

"Have you a mother in old England?" she 
cried. "If so, for her sake, stop this fire." 

Her words touched his heart. 

"And if I do — ?" he answered. 

"Then your johnny-cake on my heirth won't 
burn up," she said, with a quick little smile, 
adjosting her cap. 

Major Pitcairn laughed, and two soldiers, at 
bis command, seized the pails and made haste 
to the court house, followed by many more. 

For awhile the lire eeemed victorious, but, by 
brave effort, it was finally overcome, and the 
court house saved. 

At a distance Joe Devins had noticed the 
smoke hovering like a little cloud, then sailing 
away still more like a cloud over the town; and 
be bad made haste to the scene, arriving in 
time to venture on the roof, and do good service 

After the fire was extinguished, he thought 
of Martha Moulton, and he could not help feel- 
ing a bit guilty at the consciousness that he had 
gone off and left her alone. 

Going to the house he found her entertaining 
the king's troopers with the best food her 
humble store afforded. 

She was so charmed with herself, and so 
utterly well pleased with the success of her 
pleading, that the little woman's nerves fairly 
quivered with jubilation; and, best of all, the 
blue stocking was still safe in the well, for had 
she not watched with her own eyes every time 
the bucket was dipped to fetch up water for the 
fire, having, somehow, got rid of the vow she 
had taken regarding the drawing of the water. 

But now the feast was spent, and the soldiers 
were summoned to begin their painful march. 
Assembled on the green, all was ready, when 
Major Pitcairn, remembering the little woman 
who had ministered to his wants, returned to 
the house to say farewell. 

'Twas but a step to her door, and but a mo- 
ment since he had left it, but he found her cry- 
ing; crying with joy, in the very chair where he 
had found her at prayers in the morning. 

"I would like to say good by," he said, 
"you've been very kind to me to-day." 

With a quick dash or two of the dotted white 
apron (spotless no longer) to her eye, ehe arose. 
Msjor Pitcairn extended his hand, but she 
folded her own closely together, and said : 

"I wish you a pleasant journey back to Bos- 
ton, sir." 

"Will you not shake hands with me before I 
go ?■' 

"I can feed the enemy of my country, but 
shake hands with him, neveil" 

For the first time that day, the little woman 'c 
love of country teemed to rise triumphant 
within her, and drown every impulse to self 
ishnese; or was it the nearness to safety that 
she felt? Human conduct is the result of so 
many motives that it is sometimes impossible 
to name the compound, although on that occa- 
sion Martha Moulton labelled it "Patriotism." 

"And yet I put out the fire for you," he 

"For your mother's sake, in old England, it 
wr.s, you remember, sir." 

"I remember," said Major Pitcairn, with a 
sigh, as he turned away. 

"And for her sake I will shake hands with 
you," said Martha Moulton. 

So he turned back, and across the threshold, 
in presence of the waiting troops, the commander 
of the expedition to Concord and the only 
woman in the town shook hands at parting. 

Martha Moulton saw Major Pitcairn mount 
his horse; heard the order given for the march 
to begin, the march of which youall have heard. 
You know what a sorry time the red-3oats had 
of it in getting back to Boston; how they were 
fought at, every inch of the way, and waylaid 
from behind every convenient tree-trunk, and 
shot at from tree-tops, and aimed at from upper 
windows, and besieged from behind stone walls, 
and, in short, made so miserable and harassed 
and overworn, that at last their depleted ranks, 
with the tongues of the men parched end bang- 
ing, were fain to lie down by the roadside and 
take what came next, even though it might be 
death. And then the dead they left behind 

Ah : there's nothing wholesome to mind or 
body about war, until long, long after it is over, 
and the earth has had time to hide the blood, 
and send it forth in sweet blooms of liberty, 
with forget-me-nots springing thick between. 

The men of that day are long dead. The 
same soil holds regulars and minute- men. Eng- 
land, who overruled, and the provinces, that 
put out brave hands to seize their rights, are 
good friends to-day, and have shaken hands 
over many a threshold of hearty thought and 
kind deeds since that time. 

The tree of Liberty grows yet, stately and 
fair, for the men of the Revolution planted it 
well and surely. God himself hath given it in- 
crease. So we gather to-day, in this our story, 

a forget-me-not more, from the old town of 

When the troops had marched away, the 
weary little woman laid aside her silken gown, 
resumed her homespun dress, and immediately 
began to think of getting Uncle John down 
stairs again into his easy chair; but it required 
more aid than she could give to lift the fallen 
man. At last Joe Devins summoned returning 
neighbors, who came to the rescue, and the poor 
nubbins were left to the rats once more. 

Joe climbed down the well and rescued the 
blue stocking, with its treasures unharmed, even 
to the precious watch, which watch was Martha 
Moulton's chief treasure, and one of very few 
in the town. 

Martha Moulton was the heroine of the day. 
The house was beseiged by admiring men and 
women that night and for two or three days 
thereafter, but when, years later, she being 
older, and poorer, even to want, petitioned 
the General Court for a reward for the service 
she rendered in persuading Major Pitcairn to 
save the court house from burning, there was 
granted to her only SI 5, a poor little forget- 
me-not, it is true, but just enough to carry her 
story down the years, whereas, but for that, it 
might never have been wafted up and down the 
land. — Wide Awake. 

Y©lJP*Q P©LKS' C©Ldppl. 

Thusie's Fourth of July. 

It was different from any other Fourth of 
July. There wasn't a man, woman or child in 
Bayfield whose blood did not tingle with a pa- 
triotic desire to "celebrate" the birthday of our 
nation's liberty. 

The day was everything that could be de- 
sired. Eirly the crowds began to assemble and 
the village green was gay with the happy folk 
who came proudly from their simple homer. 
Was ever anything quite so fine — the singers 
marching into the dilapidated old church with 
their books; the tables in the grove of tine 
maples just a little distance off fast becoming 
resplendent under the fingers of ambitious ma- 
trons and rosy -cheeked maidens; the grand new 
band, blaring and drumming eo joyously that 
lazy farm-horses came hurrying up the steep 
hilld to be there in time; the little streamers of 
red, white and blue bespangling the harnesses; 
the big flag tloating from the church belfry; the 
cannon booming on the village green. 

Thusie just clasped her hands and sighed. 
She had "run and raced herself most to death," 
as Aunt Martha observed, thus early in the day. 
She had fallen down and scraped the skin ofi' 
from a large place on her knee; she had torn a 
hole in h( r best frock; but what cared she for 
such sliglit mishaps? Was she 11 it part and 
parcel of this glorious Fourth of Julj ? Tired 
as she was she swung her own small flag 
bravely, and glanced with pride at the little 
bunch of red, white and blue ribbons that Aunt 
Fanny had pinned on her white dress; and then 
away she went again, her small figure curvet- 
ting and frisking in and out as she "celebrated" 
with the other children. 

Well, the oration was over. What it was 
about, Thusie, for her life, couldn't, have told. 
But the big words sounded fine; and when, at 
the end of all the names which were conscien- 
tiously read by Mr. Slocum, the children, by a 
preconcerted arrangement, stood up and waved 
their Hags, didn't she spring to her small feet! 
and didn't she wave her Hag! 

"Thusie, come here!" called Sarah Jones. "I 
want to tell you something. No, Nelly Smith, 
you ain't comin'l You'll go and tell!" And 
Sarah dragged Thusie oft', and with an arm 
around her waist and persuasion in her voice, 
she told of a secret — 0, such a great one! — and 
enlarged enthusiastically upon it to the two or 
three other girls who were graciously allowed 
to join. 

"Now you see, girls, this is what we're going 
to do. JJon't you never tell — 'certain true, 
black and blue, hope I may die if I do!' you 
must say; because, you see, it's a great secret." 

"O, no, Sarah!" said timid little Frasie Nen- 
comb, "that's wicked." 

"Poh! no, you goosie ! it don't mean anj- 
thing. ' 

What Sarah wanted them to say it for if it 
didn't mean anything, the girls didn't clearly 
see; but they repeated the magic words. 

"There now! lean tell you with some com- 
fort," said Miss Sarah, seating herself on the 
grasp in a sheltered nook, which example was 
followed by the others till they formed a circle; 
then, in a low voice and with many mysterious 
gestures, she unfolded the wonderful news. 

"Well, girls, you know the fire-works to- 

At this, Thusie gave an ecstatic little wriggle. 
Sarah gave her a push. 

"Thusie Bassett, you sat on my toe!" 

Then she went on: "Well, you all know we 
can't see anything on the green, the folks crowd 
and jam so; so we — that is, us five — are going 
up into the old belfrj I" 

"0! — 0!" screamed two or three of the girls. 

"Sb! if you don't want all the boys coming." 

"But, Sarah, I don't see how," said one of the 
girls. "They won't let us. You know Deacon 
Smith said nobody must go up there; 'twan't 
safe, he said. He said the old shell would 
break through or tumble off if a great crowd 
got in." 

"Anybody knows better than that, and be- 

sides, we ain't a crowd! I guess 'taint coming 
down for five girls : And just think how we 
can see the rockets and comets from the big win- 

"It would be splendid," said Roxy Thompson, 
"but I should be frightened most to death, 

"And isn't there mice — and things?" timidly 
asked Lucia Russell. 

Thusie said nothing. She knew her mother 
never would hear to the lovely plan. Besides, 
she was to go with the rest of the family to 
"Uncle John's." 0, dear! if she could only do 
as she was a mind to, like Sarah. 

"Besides, it will be dark, Sarah," pursued 

"No 'twon't; it'll be as light's anything. 
Why, the fire-works go shooting up, whiz! bang! 
all through the sky" — and Sarah suited the 
action by an expressive Hing. "You know, 
girls," she said, "they've decided to ring the 
bell when they're ready to set off the fire- works. ' 
Well, when Joe Yance goes up to ring it, we 
must be all ready to creep up after him. He's 
awful slow, you know; and besides, he'll be 
making such a noise with the bell he can't pos- 
sibly hear us. And I'm going to have my pocket 
full of candy, and we can sit up there and 
see the whole thing just elegant! So, Thusie, 
you be sure and be here. We're to meet under 
the big oak tree. And Frasie, if you tell, there'll 
be the mostawful things happen to you ! And Lu, 
don't wait to wash all the dishes for your Aunt 
Betsey; she can do 'em for once. And Tildy — " 

"If you want any dinner, come along; they're 
all sitting down!" screamed Rob Davis, poking 
his head into their retreat with a whoop that 
made them jump. 

Away they all ran, and fire-works and belfry 
were soon forgotten in the glories of that table — 
a real Fourth of July celebration table! Powers, 
pyramids of cakes, with flags flying from the 
apex, cookies, tarts, iced loaves — every cook had 
done her best. 

Sunset was coming on before the last left the 
tables,and even then ThusiehadscarCely thought 
over her promise. She only vaguely realized 
what a forbidden thing she and the others were 
going to do. I think if she had really and fairly 
reflected upon it, she would have refused 
to have anything to do with the whole thing, 
and stood firm. "My think always comes after- 
wards," a little girl once said, "and it's most al- 
ways a sorry think?" 

Well, the sun went down. Great gold and 
red clouds came out all over the sky; there was 
one cloud nearly white, with deep red borders 
and a rosy center, on the blue patch that had 
been so bright through the day. 

"See, it's put on red, white and blue!" called 
Henry Carter, and all the children rushed to 

"Thusie," said her mother, as she drew her 
little girl, who was racing along with the others, 
towards her, "I am going home now to put 
Gracie to bed; and when you get ready you run 
r'ght along up to Uncle .John's. Aunt Fanny 
went an hour ago, she was so tired." 

Thusie's heart gave a naughty little leap. 
Was anything ever so convenient ! Merry 
groups were already gettius; "the best places" 
for a good view. She knew it must be time to 
be at the meeting-place under the big oak. 
Away she ran with rapid footsteps, and was 
soon under its shelter. She was the lirst one 
there, but in a minute .Sarah Jones and Tildy 
Thompson rushed up and threw their arms 
around her; then Lucia came — all there but 

"Why don't she come, the stupid thing!" 
fretted Sarah. "There's old Joe crossing the 
green, now; we can't wait for her any longer." 

That moment, Frasie, panting and frightened, 
hurried up and was pulled into their shelter. 

"What made you so lat»'." demanded Sarah. 

"Ob! I couldn't help it," panted Frasie. "I 
had to run every step of the way. My little 
brother Teddy and cousin Augusta would come, 
and old, fat Mrs. Brown wanted me to get her a 
chair, and then I tumbled down and — " 

"Well, never mind, " said Sarah, "you're here 
now, at last. Come girls, now for it!" And 
with many a whisper and giggle they stole along 
under cover cf the darkness after old Joe, who 
was blundering up the stairs, making so much 
racket himself that he couldn't hear anything 

"0, mercy!" whispered Sarah, "I ran my 
head into a horrid cobweb, and it's all in my 

"ShiShI" And they sped on lightly. 
"Frasie Newcomb, you shan't scream, so 
there !" A big mouse, unaccustomed to such in- 
terruptions, had flounced across the floor, right 
across the children's feet. Clang — clang ! 
clingity — clang! How queer the old bell sounded 
up here ! 

Toe, they could see above them, as his figure 
swayed back and forth, and they wondered how 
he could possibly get up there upon the rickety 
little ladder. Wasn't it delightful though, up 
in this dim, forbidden spot — all shadowy nooks 
and mysterious recesses — lighted weirdly by the 
lurid glare from the fire-work stand outside. 
How queer all the people looked moving dowu 
on the green ! 

The grand show of the evening now began. 
The girls held their breath as they watched, en 
tranced in the dirty old window, crouching to 
gether very uncomfortably, trying hard to think 
they were having a nice time. And 0! it was 
so warm and st. fling. 

"Phew! How close it is! Do )en the win- 
dow, Sarah!" gasped little Frasie at last. 
But it wouldn't open. 

"I wish we had stayed out on the green," 
wailed Tildy. 

Suddenly Sarah screamed, 

"Why, as sure as you're alive they're going 
round to the side of the church, girls, with that 
splendid wheel of liberty ! 0, hurry, hurry, 
hurry!" and she began to scramble down and 
pick her way over the rickety landing to the 
belfry stairs. Her mates,suppo8ing her close be- 
hind, reached the frontouter door, and were soon 
scattered in various directions among their 
friends, and lost in the delightful enjoyments. 

Thusie turned, after going down the stairs, the 
wrong way. Near the foot there was a closet — 
a little old musty place for odds and ends — a 
place that very few knew existed. The door of 
this closet stupid Joe had left open when he 
went for a pole that was wanted; and Thusie, 
in her bewilderment, stumbling along the nar- 
row passageway, turned into this door and fell 
headlong over an old worm-eaten stool standing 
in the middle of the floor. She struck her fore- 
head with great violence on the floor beyond, 
and knew no more. 

And now the show was over. Everybody 
was getting ready for home. Old Joe was lock- 
ing the church. Couldn't any friendly hand 
rouse little Thusie ? Aunt Fanny, safe at 
"Brother .lohn'e," supposed her with her mother 
on tne Green. This was why Thusie wasn't 
missed by anyone. Couldn't something have 
whispered to the loving mother, as she sat there 
in her low rocking-chair — kept at home herself 
from Uncle John's by sick little baby Gracie, 
crooning soft melodies into the fretful little 
ears — of the danger and lonelinesn that threat- 
ened her little Thusie I 

The old church door shut with a bang. This 
it was, probably, that fairly roused Thusie 
from the swoon out of which she was slowly 

In vnose first dreadful moments Thusie never 
knew what she did. She groped her way out 
at last to the main passage. 'There was a win- 
dow up to which she nftinaged to climb and 
press her frightened little face piteously to the 
pane. From time to time, as she had groped 
her way along, she bad called and shouted and 
then paused to listen. She soon began to real- 
ize this was of no use. 

She said over all her prayers, even those of 
her babyhood. And then she watched and 
waited. It seemed to her hours, but, in reality, 
it was only late bedtime through the village; 
the lights, one after another, went out, and all 
were peacefully settling for the night. 

* * H. « 

What was that ! Surely nothing but a mouse 
nibbling at the old wood-work. Again. That 
was no mousie ! Thusie would have said she 
smelt something burning, only she must have 
been dreaming. She pinched herself to keep 
awake. But no ! there certainly was a little 
flame of fire shooting up its determined tongue 
right there on the very roof of the porch. 
Locked up in an old church, with the fire that 
had somehow caught from the fireworks and 
been smouldering, until now it had broken out ! 
All the people at home and in bed ! 

Thusie knew enough to realize that the old 
weather-beaten structure could never withstand 
the test. If she could only ring the old bell ! 
But Joe always put up the ladder and secured 
it by a h( ok when he finished ringing. She 
rattled the window; she screamed; she crawled 
to the door and tried with all her might — which 
was quite considerable now — to shake it; any- 
thing to make a noise. 

She could see the fire slowly growing bigger. 
What was one llame had now become two, with 
a swift increasing velocity that threatened the 
whole building. 

"Oh, dear ! I wanted fireworks, and now I 
have got them," moaned Thusie. 

St 11 the awful crackling as the dry timbers 
took tire, and the smoke began to come in 
through the big crackp. She flung herself 
down on the fl wr; she could not look up any 

"Fire ! fire ! The church is on fire !" in what 
seemed to Thusie the voice of an angel, rang 
thn u h the stillness. 

It was Farmer Brown going home late in his 
wagon. The old church porch was wreathed in 
flames when his first wild cry rang over the 
startled village. 

Thusie rushed back to the window. She felt 
the hot rush of the flames pushing iu at the 
cracks and the rickety window. The light of the 
blight fire fell upon her white dress, whiter face 
ana disordered hair, making a strange picture; 
but she was not yet discovered by the excited 
crowd. At last Job Sawyer, a stalwart rough 
blacksmith, but with a heart tender as a child, 
cried out : 

"Why ! there's a little gal up there I" 

All eyes were turned up to the window, and 
a second's pause fell upon them all. Then Job 
sprang upon another man's shoulder, swung 
himself up to the railing, and, with one blow 
from his powerful fist, shattered the window to 
fragments. He grasped Thusie, passed her to 
the trembling crowd below. Thusie heard the 
voices about her, as in a dream. 

"Why, it's little Thusie Bassett !" 

"Sakes alive I how did it happen '" 

"What if it had been my Jane! " 

"Where's her mother ? ' 

She only knew she was in her ather's anus — 
safe now ! And she knew no more, until in her 
own dear home she cams to herself with a great 
gasp; and there she was, looking into the blessed 
face of her mother. And six simple little wordis 
were on her lips, unuttered, involuntary, but 
DBViT forgotten, never annulled : "I will 
always mind my mother." 


[July I, xfiSa 

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Saturday, July i, 1882. 


EDITORIALS— The National Holiday; The Earth- 
qualce; How the Kepublic Gained a Citizen, 1. The 
College of Aericultuie; Harvest Hands Wanted, 8. 
Life and Worth of Washington, 0. 

IIjLUSTBA.TIONS-The Heroine of Concord, 1 
G.orije Wash'nztiin, 9. 

Ot)RKESPONDENCB.- Judge Temple's Decision; 
N.ites on Paraisi) Springs, 2. 

THE APIARY. —Action Aeainst Foul Brood, 2-3. 

THhi SWINE YARD.-Notes on Care and Food of 
Hogs. 3. 

FO kES TRY— Forest Trees of California— No. 2; Lum 

torin; in the Mouiitaiol', 3 
SHEEP AND WOOL.— The Mohair Industry, 3. 

union; Whom to Vote for; The Grange and the Coun 

try, 4. 

AGRICULTURAL NOTES, from the various 

Oiiuntiee of California, 4. 
NE Wa IN BRIEF on page 5 and other pages. 
HOME CI ROLE. -A Story of the Revolution, Q-7. 
YOUNG FOLliS" COLUMN.— Thusie's Fourth of 

July 7. 

QUhiRIES AND REPLIES.- On the Occurrence 

ui Smut, 8. 

MISCELLANEOUS. — Fourth of July Celebra- 
tions, 4. Keminiaceoce of Washington, 6. Columbia 
(Poetry), 9. 

Business Announoemente. 

Agricultural Implements, PaWcr A HamdtoD, S. F. 
Excurtioii to Alasks, O^odali, PerkiuB, S. F. 
Berkshire Pigs, G. M., tS. F. 

The California Chief, Jacob Price, Fan Leandro. Cal. 
Btoflk Ranch for Sale, 8. N. Laughlin, Castroville, Cal. 
Merino Buoks, J. H. Schn-lder, Cornwall Station, CaL 
Ihreahingtuglne, H. P. Gregory S Co., S. F. 
Fruit Drier. 1 infoilh, Rice 4t Co., S. F. 
Seli-Opening Gate. A. P. Cim^ton, ban Jose, Cal. 
Bt«*m PI .ws, H. N. Chauncey. S. F. 
Diviuenu Notice, The Oeiman Saving and Loau Society. 
Dividend Nouoe, bun Francisco Savings Umon, H F. 

Tne Week. 

There bids fair to b« a long Fourth of July 
season decreed to the city people, for the banks, 
which are the barometers of commercial life, an- 
noanoe their intention to close their doors from 
Saturday toon until the morning of Wednesday. 
It is probable, then, that wholesale and specu- 
lative busineES will well nigh cease, and the 
sharps uf trade and finance will tiy to whet their 
wits in rural scenes. If our friends find their 
solitudes suddenly peopled, they will know that 
the city has burst its borders. And yet there 
will be a celebration in the city for the benefit 
of those who cannot get away, and those rural 
residents who delight in the reign of racket and 
the pomp of parade. The civil and military oi'- 
ganzitioDS will appear in procession. The 
street'! will be decorated, and the pedestrian 
will walk in a shower of torpedoes and bombs. 
Let those who enjoy these sensations partake. 

In the country there will be celebrations at 
various poiDt?. Uaywards, in Alameda county, 
will be the nucleus for the patriotic from the 
surrounding towns, and an old-fashioned cele- 
bration is promised. Similar deeds will be done 
in other places. Let all partake. Let the day 
be observed for its memories and its promises. 

TiiK Mississippi Canal. — The project of con- 
necting the Mississippi with the great lakes via. 
the Illinois and Chicago rivers is constantly 
gaining ground. The latest proposition is for a 
much larger waterway than was at first sng- 
_^ jsted — nothing loss than a first-class ship oa> 
Dal, with esteneivo wharfage room, etc. 

The College of Agrlctiltnre. 

Effort to Promote Its Value. 
The needs of the College of Agricultare are 
now being brought to public attention by the 
friends of the institution. As was recorded in 
the Rural Press at the time, there was an im- 
portant meeting held at Berkeley in May last. 
There were present President Rei(J, Secretary 
Bonte and Prof. Hilgard, of the University; J. 
V. Webster, Secretary of the State Grange; 
Amos Adams, Secretary of the Grangers' Busi- 
ness Association; I. C. Steele, Past Master of 
California State Grange; Hon. Thomas McCon- 
nell, of Sacramento county; Seneca Ewer, of 
St. Helena, Napa county, and Hon. Hugh M. 
Larue, of Sacraniento. After considerable time 
spent in the interchange of views, a resolution, 
offered by Mr. Adams, was adopted, providing 
that an appropriation of $15,000 should be 
urged upon the nex': Legislature, for the pur 
pose of establishing and maintaining a larger 
field of experimental work connected with and 
nnder the eepecial charge of the agricultural 
department ot the University, and that Prof. 
Hilgard should prepare a statement for publi 
cation, setting forth the difficulties, necessities 
and wants of the Agricultural College, in order 
that agriculturistsandall othersconcerned might 
have a clear conception of the subject, and 
that petitions be prepared and sent to the sev 
eral sections of the State for signatures, praying 
the Legislature to make the appropriation. 

In accordance with the foregoing instructions, 
Prof. Hilgard addressed the following 

Letter to tbe Governor: 

Hon. Geo. V. Perkin». Governor of California l>r.\K His.. 
I take the libeity u( preeenting for your consideiatlou the 
following facts relating to the work of the Department of 
which I cave charge: 

It 18 generally iiuilerstood that the "Morrill Act" estab 
lishing the agricultural ccllegea in the several States, con- 
teniilates e^pecially the education and instruction of youth 
in "the sciences related to agriculture and the mechanic 

In the effort toward the fulAllment of the practical ohjecta 
contemplated by that .\ct, considerable diversity of opiuion 
lias prevailed, and ba.s found txprtssiou in a corresponding 
(liveisityof organization in the colleges estabiiahed in the 
several States. Without entering niwjn a discussion of these, 
and of their respective merits, it may be said that one jioint 
has made itselt prominently felt in all, namely: Xhe need 
of a detailed knowledge of the agiicultural features and 
special adaptations of the .states and their several agricult- 
ural snbdivisiuDS, ana "f the experimental invest'gatioii of 
the nuinerons practical problems that meet the fanner 
every turn, and upun the soiutiui, of which so often deptiids 
the .|Uestion of prolit or loss, success or failure, WnUe the 
performance of the work of agricuituial surveys and experi 
ment stations by the colleges is not directly prescribeU ar. 
one of their funct.ona iu trie fiindainental Act, experience 
has ihowii it to be one of the must important mtans at their 
conimanil for beuetiting agilcullure at the present time; Lot 
only by the actual demonstration of the best methods of 
treating soils and crops under endlessly varying local con- 
ditions, but also in showing farmers the advantages to l>e 
derived from an intelligent oiiservation of facts, and from 
the application of scientific knowledge and t rinciples to 
their pursuit; thus inducing fathers to give their sons the 
opportunity of ac'iuirmg such knowledge for themselves in 
the institutions created for that purpose. The experiment 
station work seems, at the prtsent stage of our agriculture, 
to offer the most direct mode of beuehtiug both tne preient 
and the future generations; since attendance upon agricult- 
ural schools will always be small so long as the soil is unex- 
hausted, and offera to the rudtst tillage, for the time l^eiUL', 
rewards nearly as great aa those realized by the most intel- 
lisent culture. Such a state of things. can, it la true, be 
only uf short duration, even in the most productive regions; 
ami where cultures and methods invulviuK large pertLauent 
iov&stments prevail— as is the case in the vinejards, ur- 
chardu aud irrigated lands of Califori.ia->ordinary bufinesa 
piudt nce leads men to foresee, and endeavor to provide 
agaiasr, the inevitable and disastrous consequences of irra 
tioual and exhaustive cultivation. 

It Is thus that, compared with other and much older 
State."!, California has a more vital and immediate interest 
in progressive and rational agncul'ure; the mure as her 
varied climates and present endless and most attract- 
ive oppurtiiuities for varied cultures and industries. It U 
thus that the experiment station work carried on ao far by 
tbe ag iiultural department of the University, although 
very Umited in its means, has ueverthtleaa attracted consid. 
eraoie attention, and has been able to throw lixht on many 
lmi>ortaut practical qutstioua; as may bo seen Irom the three 
repurta of w oik thus f<ir publiahed. Besides a gentral lu- 
vebtigati- n of the sol s uf the State, of the nature and 
remedies for the "alkali " with which aome regions are af- 
flicted; of the n-iture and effects of waters serving or in* 
tended to serve for Irrigation; analjaea of fruits, materials 
for tugar making, of giape.*. wiuea, and musta. There hare 
been made on the grounaa uf the Uravertity extended cul- 
ture expi.rimeLts ou ibe effects of various fertiiiz. rs and 
methoaa of culture on the o(.real and foiage crops, whdc at 
tbe same time, a very largd number ui new varieties of 
theire have been introduced from Europe and tUewhcre, 
their adaptation tested, and aetd i f tbe^ moie piomisiug 
kinca distribu'ed over tbe State. The tame course has been 
pursued in regard to uther culture plants, aud the garden 
of economic plants shows iu actual cidtivation, for experi- 
ment hs well as for demonstration to claasea, moat of the 
Important cultivated plauta capable of c ut^lcor culture in 
the coaat climate. The piopagaiiog hutues, ao far aa their 
CH^acity allow/, ahow the same for pltiUt-i rtquiiing protec- 
tiiin; but here, tmforlui.ately, the limit uf acoummudation is 
already reached, and the apace falls far short of the needs of 
tbe department, ihuu;;h a great deal of intertatiug material 
Is on hand. During the last rwu y^ars, a large number of 
species of forest t-ees. from the East, Euroi>e, An a and 
Australia, have been ,(rowu from imported seed, and some 
of these, With other plants, have been distributed ttj inlelli- 
ent reri«ons in various parts i f the State for tiial. The 
j'niiersity grutmds are l)eiLg utilized fur the purposes of an 
illustrative aud experimental aiborteum, iu which the adaiita 
tioii of forest trees to the climate and for practical pur- 
poBCB will ire tested. The investigation of noxious aud btrie- 
ticial insects, and if the means fur repressing Insects and 
otller pestfc— such as tbe ground stpiiirei, fur which an tfli- 
cactous antidote hss been found— is also in active progresa. 

It is perhaps needless to discuss the utility of these iuies- 
tigatiuns toward the progresa of axriculture and a knowl- 
edge of the resources of the State, which will be farther 
Increased and diffused by the publication of an agricultural 
map uf ihe Stste, lo be issued this yejr by the census odice. 
The utility would be g.-ea-Jy increased by the establbliiutnt 
of other experiment fetalioos, located in representative locali- 
ties m the several climatic and soil regions of the State, 
where local iiuestions could be Vjcst investigated and deter- 
mined, iu j-operation with the central station at the I'rii- 
veiaity. To some extent, Ihis function has been performed 
by intelligent farmers In the various sections. But experi- 
mental work is of necessity expensive, aud especially ao 
where a iireat variety of opeiations is carried ou on a small 
scale, as is the case at the UniversHy. J he pecuniary bene- 
fits to be expected aa their ultimate outcome will lie alto- 
gether out.dde of the exnerimental grounds; and at the pres- 
ent time, the demand upon the department for information, 
investigation and experiment has completely outrun Its re- 
sources and the provisions made therefor by previous le«.is- 

After a gradual expansion of operations to a reason- 
ably satisfactory extent In 1S31, the exhaustion of funds 
has rendered necessary a material and discouraging contrac- 
tion during the present season; it bt-Ing impossible to supply 
tliH deficit eut of tr,e diminished income of the L'nivtrsity. 

LTiiOer the.-e circumstances, aud in view of the impending 
session of the Legislature, It ae^ms proper to make a put lie 
statement of the facts, for the Information of all those in- 
tereeted in agricultural proKresa, and In order to elicit from 
tlicntiui cxpreeslou of oj^lulou ivgardlng the desirability of 

continuing, and if possible, expanding still farther, the 
woi k of Inveai igatlon of the agricultural caiiab lities and 
resoiu-ces of the State. It has ihua far boon carried on 
under the stress of inadequate means aud appliances, largely 
by voluntary or underiiaid services. It cannot be indeft 
uitely continued iu tins manner, especially since the Increas 
irg interest of the aifricnltural population is steadily in- 
creasing the strain, both upon the means of the department, 
and upon the physical endurance of those engaged in the 
work T therefore desire to elicit an expression of opinion 
upon the subject, so that, if acceptable, tbe experiment 
station work may hereafter— whether by lettislative appio- 
prlation or private endowment — be placed upon a footing 
more adequately commensurate with its magnitude and in- 
trinsic impcrtance. Very retpectfully. 


Prof, of Agriculture Dnivertir-y of CalifoinliL 

The Qovernor'a RespoDse. 
In response to'the in foregoing. Governor Pel 
kins wrote as follows: 

E. n'. Hitiiard, Prof of Agriculture, I nicersHy of Cali 
fornia.—Xiv.KH Sir: I have the honor toacknowlcdse receipt 
of your exceedingly valuable and interesting r-ommunication 
relative to iocreaaing the usefulness of the Deiartmeut of 
Agriculture of our T riiversity. Prominent aniong your many 
suggestiom.andin which, to my mind, lies the lomiarion of the 
future success of the Agricultural iut- rests cf California, as 
stated by you, "The need of a detailed knowledne of the 
agricultural features and special adaptations of the .State 
audits several agricultural subdivisions, the f xperim^ntsl 
invefltigation of the numerous practical problema that meet 
the farmers at every turn, and upon the rolutlon of which so 
often depends the que^stion of profit or loss, success or tail 

To make y^ur department successful.and ei:able it to carry 
out the intentions of its pronioters and the desires of the 
cultivators uf our is absolutely iieceasaiy that aid of a 
substantial and lusting character should be given it. The 
stiUKgle to render this denartniont of such ut lity, I am sorrv 
tei say. has, in a great measure, rented in the lack uf proper 
legislative action, and an apparent apathy on the part of 
those who were most to be iieriefited. It will affoid me 
pleasure In my closing message to the Legislature to bring 
this subject before that honorable body. In the mean time, 
if I can in any manner be of assistance in aiding your en- 
deavors in promoting the usefulness of your detiartiuent, my 
services are at your command. Yours, resjiecti idly, 

GKoroiE C. Phrkins, Governor. 

The Petition. 
In order to allow the friends of the College 
of Agriculture to express, in a formal way, their 
desires for the continuance of the practical and 
experimental work of the institution, the fol 
lowing is submitted as the form of a memorial, 
to be signed and forwarded to the I.ieKislature 
when it shall assemble in January, 18S3. 

To the Honorable, the Se.uH. and Atiemhly of the .Hlate of 
California : - Your petitioners would respectfully direct the 
attention of your honorable bodies to the fullowing acts, to 
wit : That tbe College of Agriculture, under the direction 
of the Professor of Agriculture, E, W. Hilgard. has, in ad- 
dition to its educational work, renderexl m'-st valuable ser- 
vice to the agricultural interest of the State by the invest! 
gation of airricultural materials and methods, and the condl. 
tioTis affecting them, thus discharging the functions of an 
agricultural expeiiment station. In purmit of this work, 
w-ith appropriations of money ruade by previous Legielatures, 
much experimental work was undertaken, yieluin;,' most valu 
able results, as outlined hy the ssveral reports of the Pro- 
fessor of Agriculture, and many important investigati(>us 
are now in an unfiiiiEhed state, because of a lack uf funds for 
their continuance and completion Now, therefore, that the 
g^eat airricultural industiy in which we are engaged may b< 
advanced, by the aid of scientific investigation and piacticsl 
tests, which the institution is fitted to conduct and set forth 
for the public benefit, your petiliouera most earnestly pray 
ttiat your honorable hodiea will set apart from the funds of 
the State the sum of not less than #15.000 fur the prosecu- 
tion of the experimental and practical work of the College 
of Agriculture during the years 1S83 S4 and 18g4-S5, and your 
petitioners will ever pray, etc. 

The Application. 
The above presents a practical way in which 
agriculturists who desire the continuation of 
the valuable experimental work of Prof. Hil- 
gard's dei^artmtut may enforce their wishes 
upon the attention of the law makers. The 
letter of Prof. Hilgard shows clearly the situa- 
tion and the needs. If one friend of the college 
in each faimin^ neighborhood would prepare a 
petition and ask the signatures of his neighbors 
tbere would be an expression of agricultural 
opiuion which the most perverse Legislature 
would not dare to disregard. We bespeak for 
the movement the active co-operation of our 
readers. > 

Harvest Hands Wanted. 

There is a scarcity of harvest help on the east 
side of the San Joaquin valley. Letters of in- 
quiry have been sent to this city calling for 
a for Stanislaus county. The Modesto 
Herald of last week describrts the labor market 
there as follows: We met Dr. Tyman on the 
street last Saturday, and he told us that he 
wanted eight harvest hands. He said that, for 
some reason or other, tbere was a dearth of la- 
borers in Stanislaus county this season, and 
several of his neighbors were io need of help fur 
harvest. The probabilities are that the siory 
of a failure of the crop in this county had 
warned laborers to steer clear of this valley. It 
is true that there are portions of Stanislaus 
county where the failure is complete, but there 
are other portions in which good crops will be 
gathered. There seems to be a notion abroad 
that the west side is about all of Stanislaus 
county, from the fact that when they do have 
a crop they have a tremendous one; but taken 
as a general thing, the eastern portion of the 
county averages the best. This year nearly all 
the farmers east of the San Joaquin will have 
grain to cut, and those midway between the 
ine of the railroad and foothills will have what 
may be termed an average crop. The farmers 
are paying good prices for labor, and there is no 
doubt but that 100 laborers could find employ- 
ment now for two or three month* in this 

It seems that the scarcity of harvest labor is 
not confined to the San Joaquin valley. The 
Yolo Democrat says: ''The Ecarcity of harvest 
hands here is becoming a matter of considerable 
complaint. Farmers are in town daily in search 
of hands, but are unable to secure the necessary 
number. Such a state of afl'airs has rarely been 
experienced in this vicinity, and it is a matter 
of no little speculation. If there is a surplus of 
hands in any other part of the State, they would 
do well to emigrate to Yolo. " 

The Marysville Avpeal says that harvest 
hands are in demand at two dollars per day and 
found. The Chico Record sAy a: "Harvesting 
has begun at Oridley. Tbe largest crop for 

miny years will be garnered. Hands are scarce. 
One hundred could get work at two dollars per 
diem and board. The same can be said of this 


On the Occurrence of Smut. 

Editors Priss:— We have some smut in our neighbor, 
hood this season, and, as 1 And one point which I think 
has not been fully discussed, I thought I would have my 
say. I send you by mail specimens of wheat, smut and 
a • mixed" artich', containing both wheat and smut in tbe 
same head. If bluestone kills the germ of smut and pre- 
vents its growth or appearance in the succeeding crop, 
where do these heads containing both wheat and smut 
come from? One straw is not produced by two germs 
Consequently, it must be either produced bv the germ of 
wheat or smut. "And, as like produces like, ' if the germ 
was smut and grew under favorable conditions, the result 
must be smut; but if the germ was wheat and grew under 
like favorabli! conditions, the product must be wheat. 

But, laying aside the theory of smut reproducing .tself, 
and calling ii vihcat grown under unfavorable conditions, 
which cause it wholly, or in part, to blight, then we can 
account for grains of wheat in one side and grains of smnt 
in the other side of a head— as is the case in the speci- 
mens sent. 

Two yexrs a?o laot seeding time I sowed two rounds 
around aOeld containing about 40 acres, with my Stockton 
plow making a strip eight fr. wide. I found the ground 
so wet I concluded to wait a few days before sowing 
any more. The lialance of the field was sown as soon as 
the laud was sufficiently d'y to work well Hesult: The 
first strip sown was so smutty that I did not cut it at all; 
balance, good wheat, with here and there a head of smut.' 
The field Irom which the samples were taken was put iu 
early, in good condition, and is a gooel crop, except the 
smut, and will be ready to harvest in about two weeks. 
Hoping to get some light on this dark question from your 
numerous readers and correspondents, I will drop it for 
this time. The weather for the past two weeks has been 
very favorable, and crops are about an average— G. W. 
Lewis, Ballard, Santa Barbara County. 

The specimens sent by our correspondent are, 
as he describes them, clear smut, clear wheat 
and mixed smut and wheat. The trouble he 
apparently has in nnderstandiog the manifesta- 
tions must arise from the fact that he overlooks 
the nature of the plant called smut. Smut is a 
fungus; it is a parasite ; it has no independent 
existence of its own; it only reaches its perfec- 
tion when some other suitable plant is at hand 
to prey upon. The fungus, when it gets lodge- 
ment in some way, in the kernels of the grow- 
ing wheat, reproduces itself with incompre- 
hensible rapidity, and draws its sustenance from 
the juices and structure of the plant it lives 
upon. Therefore, instead of starch in the 
smutty kernel of wheat, we find nothing but 
millions of spores or germs of the smut fungus. 
The parasite has thus completely destroyed the 
grain to which it gained access. 

As the smut has no independent existence, 
but is parasitic, there is no contradiction at all 
in finding a head of wheat partly healthy and 
partly diseased. That some of the kernels have 
escaped the destroyer is analogous to the escape 
of many people who are exposed to the cholera 
and other infections diseases. Wheat seed pro- 
duces wheat unless the parasite appears; and 
smut spores produce smut whenever they can 
get lodgement in the cells of the wheat plant, 
and other conditions are favorable. 

How the spores of the smut fungus gain ac- 
cess to the wheat plant is not known, nor is it 
fully known what conditions are necessary for 
its life and growth. The various methods of 
treating seed wheat to free the coming crop 
from sinnt, all rely upon killing the spores of 
the smut, which adhere to the wheat grains. 
That they are not all killed, or that the spores 
'ie in the ground, or may be blown upon the 
growing grain from some other source of in- 
fection, may account for tbe fact that dipping 
the seed does not always save the product, but 
there is abundant evidence that tbe dip is in- 
valuable, a? it shows that the inroads of the 
fungus are lets on a field grown from dipped 
seed than from smutty seed. No one can tell 
accurately the conditions roost favorable to the 
erowth of smut, and consequently there are 
hundreds of obser vatic ns like that described by 
our correspondent in bis last paragraph, which 
no one can explain. 

Railroad Commi.«sioner8. — The Kiilrcad 
Commissioners met yesterday afternooo, with 
Messrs. Beerstecher and Stoneman present, 
aud Cone absent. Resolution 30, providing 
that the price of secoiid class tickets thall not 
exceed 60 % of first-class rates, and resolution 
32, guaranteeing stop-over rights to the holders 
of sec3nd-clas8 tickets, were taken up, but, on 
motion of Beerstecher, action was deferred 
thereon nntil Mr. Cone, who was said to be de- 
tained from attendance at the meeting by reason 
of ill-health, should he present. No further 
business appearing,theBoard then adjourned un- 
til July 26th. The resolutions above referred 
to were introduced January 12th, five and a 
half months ago, and are now no nearer adop- 
tion than the day they were introduced, aa it 
appears impossible to get the three members of 
the Board together. 

a - — . — 

The Frcit Box — The case of A. Lnsk 
& Co., arrested for disregard of the quarantine 
rules by the shipment of return fruit boxes 
without disinfection, was brought up before 
Judge Rix, in this city, Friday, June 23d. 
The defendant demurred to the complaint in 
that it did not sufiioiently set forth an offense. 
Judge Rix sustained the demurrer, but by 
agreement of both sides, postponed the issue 
until Friday, July 30th, to allow for the prep- 
aration of an amended compUint. 

Prohibition is an accomplished f»ot in 42 
counties in Georgia. 

July I, 1882.] 



Columbia, Colombia, to glory arise, 

The queen of the world, and child tf the ekiee! 

Thy genius commaDds thee; with rapture behold, 

While ages on ages thy splendors unfold. 

Thy reign is the last and the noblest of time. 

Most frui ful thy soil, most inviting thy clime; 

Let the crimes of the East ue'er encrimson thy name, 

Be freedom and science and virtue thy fame. 

To conquest and slaughter let Europe aspire; 
Whelm nations in blood, and wrap cities in fire; 
Thy heroes the rights of mankind shall defend, 
And triumph pursue them, and glory attend. 
A world is thy rea'm; for a world be thy laws. 
Enlarged ai thiiie empire, and just as thy cause; 
On Freedom'.) broad basis that empire shall lisP, 
Extend with the main, and dissolve with the skies. 

Fair science ber gates to thy sons shall unbar, 

And the east see thy morn hide the beams of her star. 

New bards and new sages unrivalled shall soar 

To fame uuexiinguished when time is no more; 

To thee, the last refuge of viMue elesigned, 

Shall fly from all nations the best of mank'nd; 

Here grateful to heaven, with transport thall bring 

Their inceme, more fragrant than odors of spring. 

Nor less shall thy fair ones to glory ascend, 
And genius and beauty in harmony blend; 
Ihe graces of form shall awake pure desire, 
And the charms of the soul ever cheri-h the fire; 
Their sweetness unmingled. their manners retlued. 
And virtue's bri^^ht image, enstamped on the mind. 
With peace ai.d soft rapture shall teach life to glow. 
And light up a smile on the aspect of woe. 

Thy Heets to all regions thy power shall display, 
The nations admire and the oceans obey; 
Each shore to thy glory its tribute unfold, 
."^nd the cast and the south yield their spices and gold. 
As the dayspiini; unboune'ed thy splendor shall flow. 
And earth's little kingdom before thee shall bow. 
While the ensigns of union, in triumph unfuiled, 
Uush the tumult of war, and give peace to the world. 

Thus, as down a lone valley, with cedars o'erspread. 
From war's dread eonfusion I pensively strayed, 
The gloom from the face of fair heaven retired; 
The winds ceased to murmur, the thunders expired; 
Perfumes, as of Eden, flowed sweet y along. 
And a voioe, as of angels, enchantingly sung: 
"Columbia, Cedumbia, to glory arise. 
The queen of the world, and the child of the skies." 

— Tiiaotlii/ DwiglU. 

it as ironical ; but in that age princes snbscribed 
to it as trtie. One of hia maxims was: "Provi- 
dence is always fa,vorable to the powerful, who 
possess neither shame nor conscience, and with- 
holds its protection from the weak." "Might 
makes right," was the law of European mon- 
archs. Especially in the 18th century, despot- 
ism touched bottom in Europe. It was equally 
with base ancient Eoman and later Oriental 

To this dark picture England formed the 
greatest exception. Though corruption pre- 
vailed in her politics, thougti she was then use- 
lessly laying the foundation of her great na- 
tional debt, though her Parliament was but an 
imperfect representation of the public opinion, 
yet speech was more frep, law was more impar- 
tial, religion was less restrained and the gov- 
ernment was more sensitive to the wishes of all 
classes of the people, than in any other great 
nation. She was then, as always, the freest na- 
tion in Europe — but very far behind what she 
is to-day. Now, how many centuries will roll 
away before right shall triumph over wrong, 
the divine right of tyrants shall be denied, the 
serfs of Russia shall be emancipated, the mon- 
archies shall be shaken, written constitutions 
shall be wrested from the monarchs, and some 
of the largest nations of Earope shall be re- 
publics ? But for America, this could not have 
been accomplished in 500 years, perhapj never; 
but, under the leadership of America, it was to 
be accomplished in 100 years, and the greatest 

Oxford, and he gives evidence of having studied 
the Eaglish language carefully, and to much of 
mathematics as to make him an accomplished 
practical surveyor. 

At the early age of 13 he had written out a 
series of rules on the conduct and character of a 
gentleman, and to this day it is not known 
whether they were original or compiled. lu 
either case they show remarkable accuracy and 
forethought. Indeed, his system and adherence 
to strict propriety amounted to genius in that 
respect; in that respect it was evidently supei- 
normal. Three of the years that be might have 
spent in college, he spent under equally severe 
discipline in the fields as a surveyor, keeping 
accurate notes of his works, and writing a jour- 
nal of his proceedings. As soon as he arrived 
at manhood, he had some severe discipline as a 
military cfiicer against the Indians and the 
French, all of which we pass by, supposing that 
Americans are familiar with the story. 

Who has not heard of the Indian chief who 
met him after he had become famous, but before 
he was President, and exclaiming: "The Great 
Spirit must have saved you ! Three times I 
and my men aimed directly at your heart and 
tired, but the balls were turned aside." 

Washington, after attaining his majority, was 
elected, and several times re-elected, to the 
Legislature of Virginia, till the American revo- 
lution broke out, and thus eojoyed the advaL- 
tages of legi8lati\ a education, t*ian which we 
know of noth better calculat d to drill and 

Life and Worth of Washington * 

On the 22d of February, 1732, or, as it was 
then designated, the 11th of February, in a 
small but comfortable farm house on the shore 
of the Potomac, in the county of Westmore- 
land, Virginia, was born the oldest child of 
Mary and Augustine Washington. 

Little did the parents imagine that the name 
which they should select for this boy would be- 
come celebrated in history, oratory and poetry, 
and be a household word in many lands and in 
many languages. There was nothing in the 
outward appearance to indicate such a glory, 
The Washiogtous were, indeed, a respectable 
family of the English aristocracy. The great, 
grandfather of - the little boy was an English 
knight, who, however, made no use of his title 
alter coming to the wilds of Virginia. They 
possessed large estates and a plenty of servants, 
and commanded all the comforts that could well 
be seeured in the new province so far away fiom 
the centers of civilized life. But there was no 
prospect that this little American infant would 
inherit a title of nobility, and the prophecy of 
bis achieving a distinction that should leap over 
national boundaries, and comm.ind the eulogies 
of the best minds in all countries, would have 
been regarded as the foolish fancying of a necro- 
mancer, unworthy of a moment's hearing. 

At this time, from 1732, Washington's birth- 
year, to 1776, the great American republic's 
birth-year, there was no great republic on the; 
soil of Euiopp, or nation, in which the whole 
people governed themselves. 

Switzerland had a population of about 1,000,- 
COO mouutaineeis, like the North Americao 
Indians, divided into about 20 tribes, partially 
confederated, often at war with each other, con- 
sisting of nobles and peasantry, the people not 
voters — and only a republic in the sense that it 
was not a monarchy. It is now a republic, and 
some historians falsely say it was then ak 

The little republic of Andorra, now so called, 
was about equal to an average American towii- 
ahip, and was really an ariotocracv ; while Sjti 
Marino was another little township, governeil 
bv a self-elected council, who held otfice fctr 

All the rest of the continent of Europe — prac- 
tically all of Europe — was divided into hostilt) 
nations, over each of which presided a monarch. 
The nobles had some privileges; the people were 
practically slaves. The great business of the 
men of Europe was to tight. They fought, and 
then rested long enough to take breath, and to 
let a new crop of boys grow up to be soldierti, 
and then fought again. Well might Hobbes, the 
eccentric English philosopher, picture human 
society as a huge leviathan, and promulgate the 
theory that the natural state of man is war. The 
monarchs were contending with the nobles, and 
every nation with every other nation. Treatieu 
broke like rotton wither. The promises of a 
prince were empty air. Diplomacy was synony- 
mous with deception. Talleyrand's maxim was 
but an embodiment of actual practice: "Thii 
great object of speech is to conceal thought." 
Macchiavelli was the most popular political 
authority, whose book, entitled "The Prince," 
is such an awful embodiment of diabolism that 
men of the 19th century are inclined to regar<l 

" From "The National Hand, "Jock of American Prog- 
ress," by the late E. O. Haven, D. D., pul>Iisbed t>y iC. 
B. Treat, New Yort, I81O. 

name in all this stupendous revolution was to 
be the name given to that infant born in a V^ir- 
ginia farm house, in 1732— George Washington. 

Once more, then, let us return to him, and 
see how wonderfully Providence prepared a man 
for so stupendous a work. Of the childhood 
and youth of Washington little is known. 
Every American boy has heard the story of the 
hatchet and the cherry tree, which, by some, is 
supposed to be a lie, told in the interest 0^ 

Washington was, however, truthful, bold, 
modest, chaste, temperate. His whole life, 
after he became a conspicuous object to the 
people, was never stained by a known immor- 
ality. It has been said of him, traditionally, 
that in two iustancas he swore vigorously, both 
times on the battle-field, and Wendell Phillips 
expresses his gratification that Washington 
showed the common frailty of human nature in 
this way. Eiward Everett, however, examines 
all the evidences and circumstances of the tra- 
ditions, and pronounces the traditions unrea- 
sonable and untrue. It would seem strange 
that a man not accustomed to profanity should 
begin to practice it under such difficult circum- 
stances, but, even if he had cursed some, we 
agree with Phillips in excusing him, but do not 
regard it as a wrong. It would not detract from 
our estimation of the man, for if ever a man could 
aver use properly strong. Scriptural language, 
in the full sense of the words, it would be 
when a battle was about to be lost by the cow- 
ardice or imbecility of an uuder officer. Still, 
we doubt if Washington, even in such a temp- 
tation, swore. He was undoubtedly a man capa- 
ble of wrath, and would have been a feeble man 
without it. But in a time of wrath he probably 
spoke as he was accustomed at other times to 
do. His education was accurate, but not exten- 
sive. He did not go to William and Mary, the 
only college in the colony, probably because his 
father not living, he was needed at home, aad 
he had good private tutors fully equal to the fac- 
ulty of that young college. He had the advan- 
tage of the Bogiety of his pnole, a graduate of 

develop a man's mental powers, especially if he 
bf) studious and iudustrious. In this way 
WasluDgton obtained a thorough education. 

The great story of the American Revolution 
cannot be condensed into a paragraph. How 
all the colonies d<imurred at being required to 
give up their ancient privileges; how they re 
monstrated at paying taxes to the mother couu 
try, without being represented in her councils 
how calmly they pr >tested; how they insisted 
upon it that they desired only their ancient lib- 
erties, nothing additional, nothing new, and 
not separation from the old country; how, fi- 
nally, they were driven to arms by the rebellion 
of Eogland, not by their own rebellion; how, 
then, hired soldiers from other lands were sent 
to drive them into submission; how they called 
upon Waahiugton to ba thoir cjmmauder, and 
how reluctantly he accepted the post, but how 
wonderfully he persevered for seven long 
years — the very embodiment of cool and 
unflinching energy; and how, tinally, 
the British arms being humbled, and 
the greater part of their forces being 
annihilated, the wishes of the most liberal mi 
nority of her people were regarded, and America 
was declared independent, we shall not further 

America had by this time nearly 3,000,000 
of people, but at the close of the war their mov- 
able property was nearly all destroyed, nearly 
every family had lost a member in battle, in 
many families all the men had perished, the 
different colonies were loaded with debts that 
it seemed they could never pay; the soldiers 
went home half clad, and with only paper 
money in their pockets, which was soon not 
worth five cents on a dollar; and to complete 
their sorrows, not yet consolidnted into a na- 
tion, but dissevered, and perhaps soon to be 
discordant States, without even a common de- 
pendence or a common government to hold 
them together. When the noble 56 signed the 
Declaration of lodep mdonce, one of them, 
who sat next to FranKlln, turned to him and 
said: "Mr. Franklin, we must hang togethei 

now." "Yes," said Franklin, "we must hang 
together, or we will hang separately !" It 
seemed, after the revolutionary war, that the 
States, which had so nobly hung together during 
the war, were doomed to hang separately in the 
time of peace. We doubt whether an eminent 
statesman in Europe then thought it possible 
that these struggling States, notwithstanding 
Eogland had withdrawn its forces, would ever 
crystallize into a nation; or, if so, it would be 
a monarchy. Indeed, Washington was be- 
sought to declare himself a dictator, and assume 
the place of a king. The army was ready to 
obey him. The offer was deliberately and 
formally made. 

Here was exhibited that trait of charac- 
ter in Washington which has most astonished 
the world, and which has seemed to some 
almost supernatural, and has placed the name cf 
Washington highest on the roll of famp. Wash, 
ington refused to be a monarch ! Not from 
fear of trouble, not from a want of the apprecia- 
tion of the luxury of power, but from pure 
principle. In this he was the highest and 
noblest embodiment of the true American idea. 

In perfect keeping with this same principle, 
he was reluctant to be President when the Con- 
stitution was adopted, and such an officer was 
required. He was more reluctant to serire the 
second four yearf, and no amount of solicitation 
could induce him to serve a third term. This 
example is ten fold more sacred than any words 
in the written Constitution I He was American 
enough to perceive that the nation that can 
select only one man for its chief officer is not a 
true republic, and he gracefully retired 
to private life. So let it be forever 
with all our Presidents. At this time he was the 
most honored man in the world. But had he 
been President for life, his name would have 
sunk to a level with ordinary successful chiefs. 
His name is now known not only in America 
and Europe, but throughout the vast empires of 
the Orient and in the wilderness of Africa. The 
public opinion of the world has been well 
summed up by one of England's most eloquent 
orators. Lord Brougham, in these words: 

"This is the consummate glory of Washingtou; a tri- 
umphant warrior, where the most sanguine had a right 
to detpair; a succestlul ruler in nil the difflculties of a 
ciiiuae wholly untried; but a vv-airior whose sword only left 
itsahcath when the first law of our nature commanded it 
to be drawn; and a ruler who, having tasted of 6upreme 
power, gently and unosteniaticjusly desired that the cup 
might pass from him, nor would snlTer more to wet his 
lips than the most sokmn and sacreJ duty to hi-* country 
and his God tcipiired." "it will bo the duly of the his- 
torian and the sage in all ages to let no occasion pass of 
commemorating this ill'istriuus ruan; and until ti-ne shall 
be no mote, a lest of the pj ogress our race has made in 
wisiiom and virtue will be derived from tbo veneration 
paid to the immoital name vi Washington." 

What a tribute is this for one of England's 
most celebrated statesmen to pay to the leader 
of the nation that won its independence of Eng- 
land by arms ! 

If now it be asked what renders Washington 
so gicat, much discrimiuatiou is needed to 
frame a reply. 

Intellectually, he was not pre eminent. He 
was careful, methodical, accurate in his ob< 
servation of men aad things, and familiarized 
himself with the sources of puwer in the kinds 
of tmplojment to which he was called. He 
was a skillful farmer, perhaps the best, at that 
time, in America. He was a shrewd legislator, 
especially in the committee-room. He was de- 
cided in bis convictions, but courteous in their 
enforcement. His letters and state papers 
show a correctness of expression charaoteristia 
of an acute thinker. 

As a military iffl;er, though sometimes de- 
feated, and seldom winning decisive victories, 
ho confessedly displayed wonderful power in 
organizing his forces, small or large, and in 
baffling the purposes of the enemy. 

But his chief exctlleauies were rather moral 
than intellectui>l. His transparent integrity, 
his self-ebnegatioD, bis unyielding firmness, 
his conciliatory manner, his power to select 
good advisers and to lepel the turbulent and 
ambitious, showed him fitted by Providence to 
fulfill the demands of Ameicia in the most mo- 
mentous hour of her destiny. He stands alone, 
the most conspicuous and the most honored 
leader of the 18. h century, and unsurpassed in 
any century or any nation of the woild, 

Julius Cio<ar, at the head of cocquering hosts, 
carried the Roman eagle to far-off lands, writ- 
ing a gl.)wing history of his own exploit?, and, 
returning, crossed the Kubioon, planted hia 
victorious standards on their native soil, and 
del auched his country's liberty, and when the 
crown was offered him by hia foolish flitterers, 
would not decidedly resist the temptation, and 
justly fell, stabbed by the desperate defenders 
of their country's rights. Cromwell relieved his 
country of despotism, but dispersed a Parlia* 
ment, made himself a perpetual protector or 
despot, and sought to transmit his power to an 
imbecile son. Napoleon, in spite of the ex- 
ample of Washington, having astonished the 
world by eupeinitural military and executive 
genius, vainly endeavored to resist the envious 
combination of abler despotisms against his new 
empire, and jastly fell, and ended his days in 
exile. But Washington alone resisted the 
seductive temptatioa of absolutism, appreciating 
the rightj of a people, carried out the teachings 
of tho highest authority: "Ho that loseth his 
life for my sake," for the sake of truth and 
right, shall find it. 

He has found it. Highest on the pyramid of 
fame his name is chiselled by his grateful 
countrymen, and confirmed by universal ap« 
plause; and a century hence, yes, a thousand 
centuries hence, no name will be found above 
the name of Washington. 



[July I, 1882 

The Handsomest, Stiffest, and Most Durable. No Rust. No Decay. Secure Against Fire. Flood and Wind. 

IT IS THE ONLY BARB WIRE that will prevent small animals, snoh as rabbits, hares, pigs, dogs, cats, etc., from passing throngh, nnder or over it, the barbs are so near each other. 
The Barbs being triangular-shaped, like the teeth of a saw, and close together, there is no cruelty to animals, as they cannot pierce the hide; they only prick, which is all that is ever necessary 
aa no animal will qo nfar a Barh Fencf twice. 

AS THE WIRE IS NOT BENT OR TWISTED, its tenuile strength is much greaUr than the Wire in all other Barb Wire Fences, as they are all made of twisted or bent Wire. 

HEAT AND COLD CANNOT AFFECT THE AMERICAN BARB FENCE, as it can be allowed to sag when put up, enough to cover contraction and expansion, because it is a contiiiuoui 
Barb, and cannot slip throvrjh the staples one inch. Each panel of Fence takes care of itself. 

The Barbs cannot be displaced or rubbed off, and are not pounded on and indented into the wiro to hold them in place, as in other Barb Wire, thereby decreasing the strength of the Wire 
The Barbs are short, and broad at the base, where strength is required. 

THE PAINTED WEIGHS A POUND TO THE ROD, so that the purchaser knows exactly how much fencing he is getting. Galvanized weighs slightly mare. 


1 10, 112, 114 and 1 16 Battery St., San Francisco, 

Sole Agents for the Pacific Coast. 

Summer Resorts. 

HiglilaDd Springs 


This popular nn J heal' hful sammer and winter report 
for families, pleasure scckertj and invalids, in ai.uated in 

Lake County, 25 Miles from Cloverdale, 

Seven miloa snulh o( Lttkepirt, four milos of KeUeyville, 
and in sijihl of Clear Lake, at an altitude of 1700 feet, 
and is SlieUered from the Cai IIdk C iast 
Winds and Kors hy mountains ICOO feet in hlght, 
which for 

Grandeur and Beauly of Scenery are Ciitiirpaeetd on 
the Pacific Coant, 

While Ihe Kffccts rf its .Mineral Waters arc 
equal to any in the United States or Europe. 


Analyjol 1:7 r::f. "iJr. E. "ziv-.rsitv c( Cilifcreii. 

TlMriSATl'RB 86" 

Grains per 
U. S. Gallon. 

Chloride of Sodium 1.2'Ji) 

Biearhonate of l-otash OJtH 

Bicarbonate of Soda 21.7(i3 

Bicarbonate of Lime 60 411 

Bicarbonate of Magnesia 70.243 

Bicarbonate of Iron 973 

Bicarbonate of Manganese trace 

Billca "398 

Alumina 0.169 

Organic Matter trace 

Free Carbonic Acid 74 462 

Total 237.262 

W. B. I.IBINQ, Berkeley, April 3. 1882. 

Dr. C M. Batrs (formerly of San Francisco), having 
become sole proprietor, by pnroliaae and lease, of these 
justly celebrated Springs, will devote all necessary time 
and attention to pereons requiring the use of tli" waters. 

Oood Hotel and Cottage Accommodations. 
Carriage ?, Buggies and Saddle Horses 
Furcislied at Reasonable Rates. 

Cloverdale and Lakoport stage stops at hotel daily. 
Pout Otflce and Tele] hone connected with hotel. 

Direct Route via San Kufael and Cloverdale 7;10 A. Ji., 
win arrive at Springa 5;:!0 p. m. 

By steamer "U'). MA HUE." via Donahue Landing. 2:30 
1'. .M., will remain over night in Cloverdale; and via Napa 
and Calistoga, 8;(.'0 a. m. 

On Tuesdaya, Thnrsday-g and Saturdays 
Will be met at Kelaeyville with private conveyance, if 

For further particulars, address 


Highland Springs, Lake Co. (via Cloverdale). 

ADAMS "springs, 

Lake Couuty, Cal. 


These Springfl are particularly 1>eDeficial fn purifjin); tiio 
blooii. an i unsurpaj^-fU hy aiy in the Slate for tbo cure of 
rheuniat Hill, tliopsy. ucrofula, weak lungs, dyspepsia, co^tive- 
ness, catarrh, liv. r ami kidney camplaintfl, end all kinds of 
diseaact) ans.nK from imiPiirity of the blood. Gocd HuntiuK 
and Fishinjj Ko ir 1 and Kinni per week. $10 and ¥l2. 

The ADAMS SI'KIN<;S arc looattd in the J'ine Mount- 
ains of Lake Couniy, Cahtf rnia, abi ut ei^ht \i\\h'.n souto of 
Clear Lake, two und i n dmlf ndles from theSieglerHpringp. 
two and one-half miles fr' ui ' IJai-j^t'tt'a" piece, in Cobb Val- 
ley, only six niileH (1 y a go' d trail) from the Harbin Hot 
Sulphur HpringA. and twenty eicht mites from Califitoga. 

ConntctioiiK made with I.akeport Stages at Calt^toga. 
Tuesdays, Thursdays and KatnrdayB. thruiigh Id one day. 
Fare, $r50 The and Cottaees aie thoroughly reuo- 
Tated, and the nt-w I T M»rietcrfl will dn tverjthlng iu their 
power to make their vii-itors comicrtable. 


I.IKK COI XTl . l AL. 

^he Springs are now open for the reception of Ruest*. 
StaKes leare Oalistoga ilaily, oc arrival of m irolug traine 
ttr [jan Francisco and ijaoamento. Sta' e Fare Ueduced 
»c RICHARD WILLIAMS, Proprietor. 




SODA BAY, on Clear L^ke. Lake county. Cal., the favor- 
ite lacustrine rescrt, is justly regarded aR combining greater 
advantages aud affording more attractive and interesting 
natural features than any other watering place in th;* State. 
The c imate, as a relief from the severe winds of the coast, 
la invalu'^ble for the health of children and delicate person-s 

-hidee«d, for all rei|uiring the change demanded annually 
l)y the resulenls of Snn Krancisco. Whili; entiiely freefrom 
the fog, the wind and ihe chill ot the sea coa.'tt, the climate 
i3 greatly nioditied fronj the heat of the interior by the prox- 
imity of the beautiful lake, upon the margin of which, for a 
distance <'f two miles the grounds are extended. A splen- 
did grtpve of live (t;»k, pint* anrl man/autta tree^, of gn at age 
and gi<.'antic growth. alTonls the most delightful shade. A 
In-autifnl t'athing beach offers the choicest facilities for 
aquatic pa.^time, tarirom tlie danger of the sea i-urf or chill. 

ThelJreat Spring-Indian name. OM AR-ACH HAH BliE. 
emitting not than a millieii gallouH daily, of dt-licious 
effervescing soda water, is one of the most interesting natu- 
ral curinsities of California, and the bath in i^^s exhilarating 
fountain has au electrical effect that is as delightful as it is 
biautiful. Kxtrai r<linary snlfataric action a(i aroun<l the 
shore f'f the bay, liue to the presence of innumeiable min- 
eral springs and cht- .uical action upon a vastly extended 
locale, has given the place the name by which it ia known- 
Soda Bay. 

Daily excursions are made to Borax Lake, Sidphur Bant», 
and other points of interest. A new trail leada*to the sum- 
mit of Uncle fsuva, 4,4^0 ft. above the sea. 

Ample provisiima are ma<le for the entertainment of the 
patrons of this popular resort The Hotel and the cottages 
are fiirnished with comfort and ta«te. Among th^ diversion.s 
of the place are boating and sailing -yacht and attanier. 
bowling, billiards, crmtuet, equestrian exercise, fishing aiui 
hunting, and a beaufitul pavilion for music and dancing; in 
short, nothing is lacking for the enjoyment of those who 
peek rest and recuperation or interesting and healthful re- 
creation beneath the shady oaks and by the ever beautiful 
lake, in a climate whieh, for health and fui comfoit, is ac- 
knowledged to be unsurpassed, if, indetd. equaled in the 
world, billiards, croquet, U'li pins, and baths, free. 

To re!>ch Soda Bay from San Francisco, go by train to 
Calistoga or Cloverdale. thence by stage to KelseyviUe. at 
which place a carriage from the hotel will meet paasengers. 
Through time, U hours >'or further Infoimation address, 
A. K. GREGG. Uncle Sam P. O., Lake Co.. Cal. 

Calaveras Big Trees, 




Tourists can find at the Calaveras Group lirtfer, taller 
and a greater number of Bi(f Trees than can he found in 
all other trfoves of California combined. 

THEMAMMO IU GUOVE HOTEL is situated right In 
the Calaveras Grove. This grove contains 03 if these 
giants of the forest. 


Is six miles distant, and contains 1,H80 Biir Trees of im- 
metise size. Tnie grove has been inaccessible to visitors 
until quite recently. A Kood horseback road now con- 
nects the two groves. There Is the finest trout flahing 
and hunting in the immediate vicinity. 

Those seeking health or pleasure can Fnd the very best 
cliuiBte in California, and first class hotel accomodations. 

Fare from San Frai cisco, $11; from Stookton, $S. Leave 
Stockton at 8 o'clock a. m. ; by rail to Milton. Thence by 
stage coach to Trees— fame day. 

Stage to and from Yosemitc leaves and arrives dally. 

No. .1 AIontKomtiry St., S.F. 

Lane's Mineral Springs, 


Pine and Hemlock Chemical-Vapor and 
tlectro-Thermal Baths. 

Connected with these Springs are lint ami Cold Baths. 
The Water of tlieB- Springs is Cold, Clear and Palatable, 
having l>een used 20 ytars for Medical purpf?Bea. 

Th'.Me Fountains or Health are located 35 DDlles east of 
Slnektuu iu the foothills of the Sierras; at au altitude of 
1.000 f. et above the level of the sea. Always ready. Wintei 
and Summer, for the reception of patients, on account of 
the even teniin'ratnre of this most genial climate. 

The accoinu odatlons consist of a Hotel, Cottages, Camp 
Grounds at.d Stables. 

Staiie leaves Conimetclal Hotel, Stockton, at 7 a. >i., 
Tuesdays and Saturdays. 

P. 0. Adiress, Kalght'j Tvnj, SUnitbui Co., Cal. 

JAMES HUTCHINS, Proprietor. 


JOH.\ «iPAUL,DIWG, .... Proprietor. 


Right at hand for the accommodation of inraltd^. Itaths of 
any desired temperature-. 
The SIEGLER SPRINGS STAGE will connect with the 
DAY. THURSDAY and SATURDAY. Timu fr<uu San 
Franci.HCn. TWELVE HOURS. These Sprinh'H have uo 
(■(lual in the State for HiMi-dily and permanently curing 
KlieumatiRni. Gout. Stiff J oi nttt, Droptty. Scrot tda. Skin 
Diseases, (travel, J'iabetes, >VmaU- Diseafte8, Dyspepsia, 
Catarrh, ('hnpnic Dvueutery, Chills and Fever. Lead Pois- 
oninK. I'aintt rs' Colic. Con*-tipati<jn of the Iiowelf>. and all 
dideases of the Stomach and Liver. Itright'it Dist ase of the 
KidiieyH and impurities ot the lilood. The llutt l will l)e 
kept open summer and wint* r, the waterpri)vin< eijually e!ti 
caciouj; the year roumL Imjcjrtant improvements ha^e 
lately been added, including new 

Bath House and a Fine Swimming Bath. 

Address all communicatioiis to •'SIEGLER SPRINGS," 
Lake county, Cal. W. T. CJARRATT, Manaeer. 


situated 13 Miles Northeast of Clear Lake, 

In Lake County, 
Forty miles West of William?, Colusa countyj on the 
main traveled road from Colusa to Mendocino. 

Three Different Routes to the Springs, 

PORT and UPPER • AKE, one via CALISTOOA and 
LOWER LAKE, and all connectini; with the train 


Fare will not exceed TWELVE Di>llarB either way. 
Daily Mail via LAKtPuRT, Semi-weekly mail via WIL- 
LIAMS. Post Ottiee, Express Office and Telegraph Olfice 
here all the year throuj^h. 

J.- C CKfoLB^li. Proprietors. 

Pacific Congress Springs. 

This Celehra'ed Resort for PLEASURE and HEALTH 
will be opened for the reception of miests 
On and after April 16tb. 

Sto(fe connections made at LOS GATOS with MORN- 
ING and AFTERNOON trains of the ffarrow.piu;e Rail- 


Can be purchased at FEKRY LAVDING, foot n( Market 
street, San Francisco, PRICE, 
And arrangements made at any time by addressing 

IiSWZS A. SAan, 

Saratofra. Cal. Proprietor. 

Eureka! Found At Last! 



To Tiireshers. 

It iB light, can be attached to any thresher; $5.00 per year 
will keep it in repair. By its use 500 huxhelH more per day 
can be ttireshid and cleaned, saving to the fanner enough to 
pay his threrthinK bills, abo putting the grain into merchant- 
able condition, saving time loHt in reopeningsackB and clean- 
ing over. Farmers and Threshers will please cati aud see 
for themselvea. at No. 128. 15tli street, between C and D 
.streets, Sacramento. Also, my Fetder and Klevator At- 
lactiment, so well and favoral>Iy known an to need no com- 
ment. \ M. MM'KHABT. 

E. MAIN, 315 Folsom Street, 

Makes to order Oente' Fine French Calf Boots from |6 to 
ilO; Gaiters from ii to 86; Alexia from $3.50 to $5: Mens' 
Heavy Kip Boots, 46; Oxford Ties, French Calf, »4: Cali- 
fornia Leather, $3.50; Men's Working Shoes from *2.50 to 
ii; Children's bhoes made to order. Persons in th« comi- 
try ordering to the amount of $12. I pay the express 
charKoa. I sell nothing but my own manufacture. 

OlLW U. Orat. 

JAM18 BaVU). 

Attorneys and Counsellers-at-Law, 

so Oallfomla St. SAN FBANOISOO 


The Harmon Seminary, 

Berkeley, Cal. 

A New Boabdiso a.nd Day School, for 
YoDNG Ladif.^. 

Will be conducted bv REV. S. S HARMON 
and Mrs. F. W. HARMON, for the last lO 
years principals of Wasblnpton College 

The HARMON SEMINARY will receive girls of all 
a^es; the instruction comprising Primary, Preparatory 
and Academic. Thorough course in th« English 
branches. Tlie Arts, Muiic and Modem LAnguagefl in 
charge ot well known roasters. Special course prepara- 
tory to the State University. 

The HARMON SEMINARY will l>e flrst-clan in all re- 
spects,' and will combine the best educational advantage* 
with home care, guidance and guardianship. 

The Brst year will open August '3, 18»'2. 

For prospectus and other information, addre&a 
S. S HARMON, Berkeley, Cal.. 
Or. E. J. WICKSON, 414 Clay St., & F. 


Telegraph Institnte and Kf rnmt School. Corner Hnnter 
street and Miner Avenne, Stockton, Cal. Largest Bchool of 
its kind (. n thin c'ou.^t Open day andeTeniug. Tuition and 
expfUBca leBK than one half the UHual rate. Kxcellent boa»d, 
:tflO per month, ('nurses of Htndy: Fnll Business Course, 
Full Normal Courne, Review Course. Special C'jurHes, Teach- 
ers' Course. Preparatory Course. Telegrany, Languages The 
College Journal, containing full ii formation, will be sent 
post paid to any address, f . K* CLARK, Prllirliml* 


Oakland. Cal. 

Rev II. E. Jiwktt Principal. 

This Institution, known as Golden flate Acad 
emy. will open Tuesday a m., July 18. IS82. The hullding 
and grounds are underKolng extensive improvemeutK. 

Classical, Literary and Knglish courses. Telegraphy 
taught. Boys and young men received. Hend for i>rospt«o- 
tuH to H. K. JOVEfT, rrliiflpni. 



E. A. SCOTT & CO., 

Sole Importers and Dealers for the Pacific. 

P. 0. Box 293, Sacramento, Cal. 


Circulan furnished on application. 

To ris h R aiaerg. 

I am now ready to sell Carp which wtire Importe4 by uie 
from Oermkof In 1871. In lots to suit Address 

J. A. POPPB, Eonema, Cal. 

July r, 1882.3 

Six lines or less in this Directory at 50 cts a line per month. 

' GAULE. ^ 

WILLIAM NILBS, Los Angeles, Cal. Thorough- 
bred Poultry, Cattle and Ho(f8. Write for circular. 

PETER SAXE & SON, Lick House, S. F. Importers 
and Breeders for past eleven years. Berkshires, 
"Jerseys," "Short Horns," and all varieties of Sheep, 
and their grades. 

htatioQ, S. F. & N. P. R. R., Sonoma County. Wilfred 
Page, Manager. P. O. address, Petaluma, Cal. Short 
Horn BulUand Cows, Spanish Uerino Bucks and Ewes, 
for sale at reasonable figures. 

SYLVESTER SCOTT, Cloverdale, Sonoma Co., Cal, 
Breeder of Recorded Thoroughbred fehort Horn Cattle 
and Spanish Merino Sheep. Jacks and Jennets for sale 
at reasonable figures. 

J. ALEXANDER, Stockton, Cal. Breeder of first- 
class Dairy Stock and Berkshire Swine. Half and 
three-quarters Jersey cows and heifers for sale. 


Unscrupulous Persons Envious of the Fame and. World-wide Reputation Fairly Won by 


Are, by fraudulently imitating the style of packages even to forging the very Trade Mark of the Imperial, endeavoring to 

put upon the market 


Under a name so Bimilar to the Imperial as to be easily mis'aken for it at first sight. We take this means of cautlonin 
our numerous customers agaiost tne fraud until the law ha' time to take the perpetrators into its own keeping. 

The Impiirial Kgg Food Is now used in every part of the United States, and its sale on this coast is Bimply wonderful, 
our order book .showing that every customer continu'js to order, while every letter received is a testimonial for the Im- 
peiial. NumerouB preparations have from time to time appeared called "Egg Foods," but as they did not conflict in 
name or trademark, were perfectly allowable, and, afcer due time, failing in their purpose, passed out of the market, 
while the Imperial continued to gaio favor everywhere. In purchasing, see that you get THE I MPERIAL and none other, 
no matter how nearly similar in name and appearance. Send for Circulars and Testimonials. 

ROBT. BECK, San Francisco. Breeder of Thorough- 
bred Jersey cattle. Herd took Six Premiums of the 
eleven offered at State Fair, 1881. 

GEO. BEMENT, Redwood City, San Mateo Co., Cal. 
Breeder of Ayrabire Cattle. Several fine young Bulb, 
Yearling's and Calves For Sale. 

B. MCENESPY, Chico, Butte Co., Cal. Breeder of 
Thoroughbred Devons 

HENRY PIERCE, 728 Montjfomery Street, S. F. 
Breeder of Jeraey, Guernsey and Ayrshire Cattle. 

B i*'. FISH, Santa Clara, Cal. Breeder of thorough- 
bred Jersey Cattle ana Black Hawk Comet horses. 


E. A. SACKRIDEB, 325 Eleventh St., Oakland, 
Cal Importer of Norman-Percheron horses. Ilorses 
on hand and for sale at reasonable terms. 


U tr. SHIPPEE, Stockton, CaL Importer »nd 
Breeder of Spanish Merino Sheep. Dnrham Oattle, Es- 
sex and berkshire Swine. Hij^h Graded Rama for sale. 

J. B. HOYT, Bird's Landing, Solano Co., Cal. Breeder 
and Importer of Sliropshire Sheep. Rama and Ewes 
for sale. Also, cross-bred Merino and Shropshire. 

K. W. WOOLSEY & SON, Fulton, Sonoma Co., 
Cal. Importers and Breeders of choice Thoroughbred 
Spanish Merino Sheep. City office. No. 418 California 
St., S. F. 


TOULOUSE GKESB at 815 per pair; $20 per trio 
Eggs, $8 per dozen. lironze Turkeys, §10 per pair; Eggs, 
$1 per dozen. Address T. D. Morris, Sonoma, Cal. 
breeder and imporler of all kinds of thoroughbred 
poultry ■ 

T. WAITE, Brighton, Sacramento Co., Importer and 
Breeder ot Thorouglibred Poultry. Took Premiums at 
State Fair,lS80 and ISSl.ot Leghorns, Brown and White, 
S.S. Hamburg, Plymouth Rocks and Pekin Dnck'sEggs 
ifi per dozen. 

MBS. M. E. NEWHAL.L, San Jose, Cal. Bronze 
Turkeys, brown and White Leghorns, Plymouth Kocks, 
Pekin Ducks, 

H. S. SABQENT, Stockton, Cal. Importer, Breeder 
and Shipper of Poland China Pigs, and Bronze Turkeys 

L,. C. BYOE, 
bred Poultry. 

Petaluma, Cal. Breeder of Thorough 
illustrated circular free. 

J. M. 

No. 1011 Broadway, Oakland. Send for circular 

I. L. DIAS, Box 242, Petaluma, Cal., manufacturer new 
Petaluma Incubator. Send for circular and references. 


JOHN RIDEB, Sacramento, Cal. Breeder of Thor- 
oughbred Berkshire Swine. My stock of Hogg are all 
recorded in the American Berkshire Record. 

TTLiEB BEACH, San Jose. Cal. Breeuer of thor- 
oughbred Berkshires of stock Imported by Gov. Stanford 


J. D. ENAS, Sunnyside, Napa, Cal., Breeds Pure 
Italian Queen Bees. Comb Foundation. 


1 Pound Pacl^aKe. 50 Cerits. 
•' " $1.00, 

Sold by the trade generally, or address, 


6 Pound 
25 " 


$2 00, 

G. G. WICKSON, 319 Market St., S. F. 


That the public should know that for the past ELEVEN yeari our SOLE BUSINESS has been, and now is, importing 
(OVER 100 CARLOADS) and breeding improved Liv^ .Stock— Horses, Jacks, Short Horns, Ayrshires and Jeraeya (or 
Alderneys) and their grades: also ALL THE VARIETIES of breeding Sheep and Hogs We an supply any and all good 
aoimalB that may be wanted, and at VERY REASONABhE PRICF.S and on CONVENIENT TERMS. Write or call on 

OS LICK HOUSE, San Francisco, Cal.. October 22, 1881 



Oakland Poultry Yards, 

Cor. 17th and Castro Sts., Oakland, Cal. 


Importer and Breeder of all the best known and most 
profitable varieties of Land and Water Fowls. 

Brabmas. Cochins, Houdans, Langshans, 
Leghorns, Polish Hamburgs, 
Bronze Turkeys. 

And the new fowl. AMERICAN SEBRIGHT or EUREKA. 



No. 1, Capacity, 550 Eggs, Price, $90. 
No- 2, •' 250 •' " 63. 

No. 3, " 180 " " 45. 

Guaranteed to hatch NINETY PER CENT, of all fertile 
eggs; 9,000 chickens successfidly reared from two of these In- 
cubator.H last season. For fuitUer particulars send stamp 
UVA*. It. ItAVI.Ew, 
Box 1771, San Francisco. 

for illustrated curcular to 



Free from Poison. Prepared by 
the Italian Government Co. 
Cures thoroughly the 


The BEST and CHEAPEST rem- 

edy known. Reliable testimonials at our office. 

Has been Applied in Destroying the 
Phylloxera and Garden Bugs 
with Success. 

For particulars apply to CHAS. DUISENBERG fi CO 
Sole Agents, 314 Sacramento St., San Francisco. 



It Cures all Diseases of Poultry, Keeps Hens 
Healthy and Makes them Lay. 

1-lb. Boxes, 40 Cts. 3-lb. Boxes, $1. 
10-1 D. Boxes, $2 50. 25-1 b Boxes, $5. 


t^Xlao, Importer and Dealer in Seeds ..£7 

425 Washington St., San Francisco. 


Of California, 


Authorized Capital, - $1,000,00 . 

In 10,000 Shares of $100 each. 

Capital Paid up in Gold Coin, $531,200. 

Reserve Fund and Paid up stock, SI, 178. 



A. D. LOGAN Vlce-Prealdent 

ALBERT MONTPBLLLER Oauhler and Manaier 



JOHN LE WELLING, President Nana Co 

^ H. GARDINER .Rio Vista 

E TYNAN Stanislaus Co 

URIAH WOOD Santa Clara Co 

i Sir'^/l^rrj^'^^ •— — • • -Soten™ Cto 

H. M. LARUE Yolo Co 

I. 0. STEELE San Mateo Oo 

THpS. McCONNELL Sacramento Co 

J. CRESSEY Merced Co 


A. D. LOGAN .......dolu^Oo 

CURRENT ACCOUNTS are opened and oonduoted in the 
usual way, bank books balanced up and statements ot »o- 
counts rendered every month 

LOANS ON WHEAT and country produce a specialty. 

COLLECTIONS throughout the Country are made 
promptly and proceeds remitted as directed, 

GOLD and SILVER deuosiia receiveu 

CERTIFICATES of DEPOSIT issued payable on 

TERM DEPOSITS are reotlved and interest aUowed as 
toUows: 4% per annum it left for 6 months: 5% per annum it 
left for 12 months. 

BILLS OF EXCHANGE of the Atlantic States bought 
and sold. 


„ „ Cashier and Manager. 

San Francisco, Jan. 16, 18f2. 


An English Veterinary Surgeon and Chemist, now 
traveling in this country, says that most of the Horae 
arid Cattle Powders sold here are worthless trash. He 
says that Sheridan's Condition Powders are absolutely 
pure and immensely valuable. Nothing oo earth will 
m'lke hens lay like Sheridan's Condition Powders. Dose, 
one teasnoonl'ul to one Dint food. Sold everywhere, or sent 
by mail for eight letter stamps I, 8. JOHNSON & Co.. 
BoBton, Maes , formerly Hanger. Me. 



Importers and Breeders of THOROUGHBRED 

Lands tor Sale and to Let. 

For sale in large or amall trac .s, on easy terms, in the 
best parts of the State. 

328 Montgomery Street, S. F. 

Frnit and Homestead lands 


Having purchased the tract of land adjoining the town 
of Vacaville, known as the Mason-Wilson tract, contain- 
ing 492 acres, and subdivided the same, I am prepared to 
sell from five acres upwards, as desired. 

This land being located in Vaca Valley, known for its 
early and superior fruits, offers valuable inducements to 
those desiring to engage in the business, or for pleasant 
country homes. 

For climate, healthfulness and school facilities It is un- 
surpassed in the State, and easy of access by a branch 
railroad from Elmira. 

1 will sell upon favorable terms. For particulars 
Apply to W. B. PARKER. 

Vacaville, Solano, Co., Cel. 



29th. and Mission Sts. 


HayElevntor & Carrier. 
BEST In sse for Monring Away Hay In 

tarns or sticiing, keiap adapted for clthsr 
purpoto. Haj no cqnal tor Simplicity, EuraWlI- 
ty and good work. Tha trick is self adjaiting 
~ . '---'iptiTe circular and spo- 

tsl la eailly pnt np." Send for descriptlTO circular and spo- 
ciil tsrms for introwetlon to R. L. Clll 
BuTud. UcBenry County, lUinola. 

Mission Rock Dock and Grain Warehoi^se. 

San FranclBCO. Cat 
@5,000 tons capacity. Storage at lowest rate 
CALIFORiaA DRT DOCK CO. - . Proprietora. 
OfBco— 818 California Street, Room 8. 


General Agent for the 


Sewing Machines, 

And Wholesale Dealer in Needles, Oils, farts and Attach- 
ments for all Machines, removed from 130 Post to 

9 & 11 FIRST ST., Near Corner Market, S. F 

Calvert's Carbolic 


$i! per Gallon. 

After dipping the Sheep, is use- 
ful for preserving wet hides, de- 
stroying the vine pest, and for 
wheat dressings and disinfecting 
purposes, etc. T. W. JACKSON 
S. F., Sole Agent for Pacific Coast 


Choice RAMS and EWKS for Sale. Ranch at Fulton, 
Sonoma county, Cal , and N. P. R. R. DIRECT TO THE 
RANCH, via Guerneville Branch at Fulton. Addreps, 
B. W. WOOLSEY SON, Fulton, Sonoma Co., 
Cal., or 418 California St , S. K. 

Good Crops £very Season 
Without Irrigation. 

Free by mail, specimen number of "The California Jttal 
E.ttate Excliaiiif^ and Mart," full of relianle information on. 
climate, productions, etc., of 


AddrtiBS "Exchange tf: Mart," Sauta Cruz. Cal. 



Spanish Merincf 


First Premium Flock for Four Year.". Two hundred 
head for sale cheap for cash, or on terms to suit custo- 
mers. tV Orders promptly filled I 


Address, E. W. PEET, Manager, Haywards, Alanoeda 
Co.. Cal. Box ll(i4. 


Hooper's South End Grain Warehouses, 

Cor. Japan and Townsend Sta, a F. 

Firet-claaB Fire-proof Brick Buildlntr. Capacity, 10,000 
tons. Goods taken from the Dock and the Oars of the O. P 
R. E. and 8. F. R. R. free of charge. Storage at Current 
Rated. AdvanCflH and InHuranoe effectpwl. 


This is a sure and certain preventative to keep horaee 
from running away. PrICe $2.00. Addreae W. P. 
UERRILL, Florin, Sacramento Co., CaL 

ELIAS GALLUP, Hanford, Tulare Co., Cal 

Breeder of jure bred PoI-»nd China pigs of th« Plack 
Boanty. Klack B 8s, B smnrck, and other noted families- 
Trapottuil boarfl. King of Bonny View, and (»o'd Di st. at 
head of the heid. Btock lecorjtd in A. 1*. C. K Tigs so'd 
a*^ ri asonable rates. Correspondence eo.iclted. Address as 



Price Reduced 

TO $1.25 PER r ALLON 

r: Twenty gallons o' fluid 
iT* mixed with cold waier will 
1^ make 1,200 gallons Dip, 

Apply to FALKNER, 
BELL & CO., San Francisco 


One of the best and well-known farms^ 
in Alameda Couutj ; near station; all 
level bottom land; very productive. Two- 
thousand acrt 8 at the low price of S^SO* 
per acre, not including the present crop-, 
worth over S3J per acre. Terms, Cash, 
or part deferred payments, low Intereat. 

410 Montgomery St. 


A farm of 418 acres, 8 miles southeast from M«rtinei, 
In Contra Costa county. Substantial improvements; well 
adapted to grain and Btock. Re'erence, Judge Brown, 
Berry Baldwin, or S. Bennet, Martinez, and the proprie- 
tor on the place, WM. C. PRINCE. 

Stock Bange. 

Parties wishing to purchase good stock raising lands, 
unaffected by severe drouths, will do well to address the 
underti^ned. The lands can be purchased .cheap, in loti 
from 100 to 2,000 acres. It Is partly low table and 
rolling land, partly clear and level. Good for vine and 
fruit raising. Will raise vegetables and all kinds of 
grain. Crops certain every year. Near town and a 
$10,000 public school home. Price, $3 to $6 per acre. 
Good local market for fruit, vegetables, grain, poultry 
and dairy produce. Address the proprietor, 


Anderson, Shasta Co., Cal. 

Slos Reservoirs, Head Gates, 

RANSOME, 4C2 Montgomery St., 8. F. Send Jor clrcuUr, 



[July I, l88fi 


(Continued from page 5). 

COKN— There are no Bales. Bills and cffers were: No. 
Z Ye'.low, September, fl 80 bid; October, «1.56J bid, *l 00 
asked; seller 1832. 81 23 bid, »1.32 asked. 

DAIRY PROUUCE-Butter Is sUady and unchanged. 
Cheese U ntlling quite well at the prices uiven lu our 

EGGS— Egsrs are about as last week. 

FEED— Brau is lower. Call sales of 150 tons July, 
$12.50. Bids and cffers were: Seller 3, $12 30bid, S12.10 
asked; December, J13.30 bid, J13.75 asked; seller 18is2, 
*11.76 bid, $12.50 asktd. Sale in the afternoon of lOO 
tons, July, $12.00. 

FRUIT— A new apricot named "Triumph" from H. 
Schroeder, of VacaviUe, has been much admired. Fruit 
is coming in freely, and the cannera are busy. Prices 
can be found in our table. 

FRESH MEAT.— Be. f holds up well. Other meats are 
as before. 

HOPS— The few Hops left over are now in good de- 
mand at high rates. 

HONEY -The Honey trade is reported good at IftiSlSc 
for comb; 8i29c for extracted. 

OATS— Oats have declined rapidly. Produce E.vohange 
call sale yesterday morning of 50 tons No. 1, spot, $1.6'-'*. 
Bids and offers were: Extra choice, September, *l.tJ5 
aekcd", No. 1, July, $1 47J bid, $1.50 asked; No. 2, Sep- 
tember, $1 33 bid, $1.41 asked; October, $1.37J bid, $1.40 
asked; seller 1832. $1.25 bid, $1 asked; No. I. seller 
I8S2, $1.35 bid, 81.42 asked. Sales on the 3 oVloek call of 
30 tons No. 1, spot, $1.00J; 100, seller 1882, $1 40; loO No. 
3, September, $1.39. 

ONIONS— Onions are running from 50 to 60c per ctl. 

POTATOES— Fine Potatoes are very plenty and cheap' 
going at 70(g87Sc in sacks; SOcia Jl lO in boxes. 

PROVISIONS-Prices are maintained and prices un- 

POULTRY AND G.\5IE— Ducks have advanced agai». 
Other fowls are unchanged. 

VEGETABLES- Tomatoes are arriving very frealy and 
selling low. Other Vegetables have a lower tendeuef , as 
shown in our price list. 

WHEAT— Wheit is dull and unchanged. In Produee 
Exchange bids and offers were. No. 1 while, spot, $1.70 
asked; July, $1 70 asked; August, $1 6S bid, $1.T1 a.tktd; 
September, $1 70 bid, $1.71 asked; October, S1.6S] bid, 
$1.71 asked; November, $1,633 bid; No. 2 white, Septem- 
ber, $1.64 bid, $1.C5 asked; extra choice Sonera, spot, 
$1.7U asked. Sale on the afterncoj call of 100 Ions No. 
1 white, Ocltber, Port Cobta, $1.70. On the Grain Ex- 
change sales were: 700 tons No. 2, as fcllowf: 100, Au- 
gust, 81 0:ii; 20<) September, $1.63i; 400, October, $1 'vl. 
Bids and offers were: No. 1 white, September, $1.<JHJ 
bid, $1 70 asktd; October, $1 70 asked; No. 2, July, $1,633 
bid, $l.G4i asked. 

WOOL— Wool has accumulated to some extent in tl.e 
warehouses, and prices are talked down about Ic ^ ft. all 
around. There is very little doing. 

Fruits and Vegetables. 


Wf't)Mt3DAV M.. June '2i, 1882. 


Apples, bx - ."i'J @ 1 50 

do. BiBlnt.... 40® 75 
Apricots, box... 75 « 1 00 
Baniuas, bnch,. 2 60 @ 4 Ofl 
Bliokbarrifcs.... 7 00 (*11 CO 
Caerries. . . 4 60 (g 9 00 

CaerryPlum.tb. (g— 05 

Uoooanuts. 100.. 6 00 @ 7 Op 

fears, sliced....— M (»- li( 

do whole — 7 @— S 

Plums — 6 f*- 7 

Pitied - 11 @- 121 

Prunes — 9 (<*— 10 

Raisins, Cal,bx. (<r 2 50 

do. Halves.... @ 2 75 

do. Quarters.. @ 3 00 

Eighths ® 3 25 

8 W- 10 

Or»nbcrrie8.bbl.l2 50 W14 00 Zante Curiauta. 
Vurranta, clist. . 2 60 @ 3 50 I t'bCit,l'.lBI.E8. 

10 <0-~ 12 
75 (j? 1 OJ 
— te- 73 
Cabbage, 100 tt.8- 87i@ 1 tO 

Carrots, ek — 65 @ — 75 

Oauliflower, doz 1 00 @ 1 26 

L^orn, green 10 vff 18 

Cucumbers. doz.— 12i@ - 20 

Etgplant. Itj ~ ^ 

Game, tti @— 3 

_ do, poor — 1 U 

- 40 a< - 85 i Lettuce, doz....— 10 @ 

25 (^— 30 iMushroomB, bi. ^— 

Figs.....' — 20 (g —25 lArtlchokes, doz 

Ooosebernou....- 4 (S - 8 : .\si.araguii, box. 
Limes, Hex.... 10 00 (^12 OO Beets, ctl 

do. Cal, box..- 75 l<J 3 50 ' 

Lemons, Cal, bx 1 00 (« 2 (lO 

sicUy, box.... 9 00 ;.aio 00 

Australian.... I?— ~ 

Oranges, Oal, bx.4 60 W 6 00 

no, Tahiti M (§41 00 

do. Muilcan. 15 00 (an uO 

do. Loreto.. 
Peaches, box. 
Pears, t sk 

Pineapples, dnz 8 OO M 9 Oo Dkra. urten. lb.. $?— 30 

Raf pbo.rlestht. 6 00 @ ' 00 [Peas, grt-cn. lb.. @— U 

8t>awbVs,ch-t. 10 OO (312 00 I d.), nweet.....— IJ«- 3 

DKIEU FKI'IT. ] Parsnips. tt> ®— 2 

Apples, sliced, tb »- 10 1 Peppers - 10 g- 12 

do, evaporated (8- 12il do. Chile.... -@ 16 

do, quartered...— 6 @- 6! Rbnbarh, bx. . . .— 60 1 00 

Apricots — 18 20 

Blackberries....— 14 16 

Citron — 28 W— 30 

Dates — 9 (o^— 10 

liffs. pressed....- 4®— 6 

do. loose — H&i— 4 

Nectarines. — 14 @ — 


do pared 

iuuasU, Marrow 

fat, ton @50 00 

-itrlng Beans...— 3 W— 5 

do, wax — 4 @- 5 

.S wumer Squash, 

box — 50 @ 1 00 

Tomatoea, box.. <SS— 5) 

— 10 (0— lOilrumlDS. oil....— 75 « 1 00 
_ ifi 19 

Retail Groceries, Etc. 

WeI'M;suav .m. June 

Butter, C-illfomla Rice 

Choice, lb 45 @ 65 VeastPowdr, doz.l 

Cheese 17 t<* 25 Can Ojstera. duz.2 

Eastern 25 30 ISyrup .S F Aold'n. 

Lard, Cal — W 18 Dried Apples, tb. . 

UasUrrn 20 25 1 Ger. Prunes 

Flour, 00 «t<) 00 i Figs, Cal 

Corn Mt al. lb 21(2 3 ' Peaches 

Sugar, wh cruiihd. 12iC3 13i Oils, Kerosene 

" " " 8 (ft 9j Wines. Old Port.. 3 

23 @ 35 French Claret.... 1 

50 (If! 00 I Cal. doz bot....2 

55 (<<1 00 Whlaky, O K. gal 3 

15 (<ac 25 French Brandy...! 

Light Brown 
Cotfee, Gri cn . . 
lea, r ine Black 

Finest Japan. 
Candles, Adm'te.. 

goap, Cal 7 <<* Ifl 

28, 1882. 

8 (a 10 
.50 0'i OO 
00 (a 3 00 
76 (bl 10 
10 @ 15 
12ird 20 

9 (t 10 
15 W 

59 (<r 
50 (it5 to 
00 02 50 
v. i£t4 50 

60 (tt& 00 
00 @8 00 


Eng SUudrd Wheat 

Cal Manufactiu-e 

Hand Sowed, 22x36 . 83® 9 

20x36 81® 8J 

23x40 12 ®13 

J4XW 12l®13! 

Machine Swd 22x36 . 84® 9 

Plom Hks, halves 9(®10f 

guarteis. 6 m H 
Ighlhs. 4J® 4} 

Hessian. 60 Inch — ®U 

Bags and Bagging. 


Wei>.ne8day m., June 2f, 1882. 

45 inch 9JW 9J 

40 inch SJ® 8j 

Wool Hks Hand Swd 

3J lb - ®47 

4 lb do 52J®65 

Machine Sewed — ®49} 

Standard Gimules. ...1S1®19 

Bean Bags 6|@ 7 

rvlne, Detrick's A...32S®38 
AA.S5 ©37 

Gold, Legal Tenders, Exchange, Etc. 

[Corrected Weekly by SUTBO 4 Co.) 

San Fkancisoo, June 28, 3 P. x. 

SlLVSB, \. 

Q'<LD Baks, 890®910. SiLVEB Bak8. 10@18 W cent, dis- 

'CxcUAMOK on New York. 5 premium: London, 49i@ 
,: Paris. 5.13 francs ^ dollar; MiKlcan dollars, 91@V2. 
Msw York (4 per oant), 120|. 

Domestic Frodooe. 


WFoyKSDAY M., June 38, \tti. 

BEA.^S it FEAH. Krazll 10® 11 

Baio. ctl 2 75 (erS 25 Pecans 13 ® 15 

Butter 3 76 (64 25 Peanuts 6J(a 7 

Castor 3 60 ®4 00 FUberts. 14® 16 

Pea I....4 25 ® - OKION8. 

Bed 2.'0(p3 00 Red — ® — 

Pink 2 50 ^(3 00 SiWeisUn 60 @ 60 

Large White 3 60 ®3 76 Oregon. 

SmaU White 4 25 

Lhna 4 00 #4 60 

neldI-ea8,bTkeyel 6 ®1 76 
do, green.. 2 00 @2 25 

Southern 3 ® 3| 

Northern 4(^ 6 


CaUfomla 4 ® 4j 

German 64® 7 



Cal. Fresh Roll. It.. 27 (« 2J 

do Fancy Brands. 30 (o; — 

Pickle Roll — (i - 

Firkin, new 28 (g 

Eastern 18 @ 

New York — @ 


Cheese, Cal, S<... 12 @ 

Oal. Fresh, doz... 24 @ 27 

Ducks — ® — 

Oregon — ® — 

Eastern, by express — ^ ~ 

Pickled here — ® — 

Utah — @ — 


Bran, ton 12 00 

Corn Meal - — 

Hay 10 00 

Middlings 25 00 



New, ctl 70 ® 

Karly Rose — W 

Petaluma, ctl — 

Tomales — 

Humtioldt — 

" Kidney — 

" Peachblow.. — 

Jersey Blue — 

Cuffey Cove — 

River, red — 

Chile — 

do. Oregon — ® — 

Oregon Peerless. . — @ — 

— iSalt Lskc — OT — 

29 Sweet — ® — 

20 POBLTKY * ttAlBE. 

— I Hens, doz 6 50 ® 8 00 

IRoosters 5 50 ®10 tO 

13i Broilers 3 50 ®660 

Ducks, tame, doz. 6 60 ® 7 00 

Geese, pair 1 00 @1 26 

do, young 1 25 ®1 75 

Wild Gray, doz. — ®3 00 

Wldte do 50 (a 1 00 

Turkeys 13 ® 18 

do. Dressed.... — &t — 
Turkey Feathers, 

»I2 50 ! 

tail and wing, lb. 10 ® 20 

00 iSnipe, Eng 1 75 ®2 00 

15 00 do. Common.. 60 @ 76 

_'26 00 'CJuail, doz 75 ® 80 

OU Cake Meal.. («27 60 Rabbite 1 25 ® 1 «n 

Straw, bale — 62}®— 70 iHare 2 CO (d 2 25 

FLOUR. Venison -@ - 

Extra, City Mills . 5 25 ®5 50 PROVISIONS, 
do, Co'ntry Mill8.4 75 ®5 00 Cal. Bacon, extra 

do. Oegon 4 75 ®6 12i 

do, Walla Walla. 4 60 ®5 00 

Supenlne 3 50 ®4 25 

Beef. 1st qual' 7i® 

Second 6 ® 

Third 5 @ 

Mutton 31 

spring Lamb 

Pork, undressed.. 



MUk Calves. 

do, choice.... 

C1RAI.\, ETC. 
BarUy. feed. ctl..l 70 ®1 771 

do; New 1.15®1 25 

do. Brewing.. 1 80 (f 2 00 

Chevalier — («1 70 

Buckwheat 1 50 ®1 76 

Com, White — tg - 

YeUow I 80 ®1 86 

Small Round.... — ®1 76 
Gate 1 50 ®1 62/ 

Rye 1 75 ®2 00 

Whmt. No. 1 1 67|@1 70 

do, No. 2 1 62(cal 65 

do. No. 3 1 46 ®1 60' 

Choice Milling.. - ®1 70 

Hides, dry 19 ® 19 

Wot salted 9i® 11 


R-wswai. Bj 23 ® 

U mey hi comb... 17 ® 
Extracted, light . . 8 ® 
do, dark . . 7 @ 
Oregon 20 ® 

Oalifomia, 25 ® 32ii do, dusty. 

Wash. Tcr 19 ® 20 Southern Coast 

Old Hops — @ 

N1JT4- Jobbing. 

Waluutu, Cal 10 ® 

do, Chile . . . 7J® 
Alm.mds, hdsbltb 8® 
HoftsheU 15® 

clear, lb 16® 

Medium — (j: 

Light 16Cc 

Lard r' 

Cal. Smoked Beef. 


Hams. Cal 

do. Eastern..., 


do ChUe 


Clover. Red 14 

White 45 ® 60 

Cotton — @ M 

Flaxseed 2i@ 3 

Hemp ~® ^ 

Italian Rye Grass.. 26 ® — 

Perennial 25 @ — 

Millet, (Jerman.... 10 @ 12 
do. Common ... 7 (ot iO 
Mustard, White... Ij® 2 

Brown 24® 3 

Rape 31® 2i 

Ky Blue Grass. .... 20 ® 25 

2dquaUty 16 

.Sweet V Gran 

Red Top — ® 15 

Himgaiun 8 ® 10 

Lawn 30 @ 40 

MesQuit 10 

Timothy 9 C« 


26 (^rude. lb 7 

18 Rjflned lOV 


3 ' sPRiNO-1882. 

,San Joaquin, free. 18 ® 20 
21 1 do, la:r.. " " 

— (B 76 
ao ® 25{ 

— Stanislaus & Tuol- 

11 ;.Sonnma & Mmda- 

8 I cino 

10 Vor Sacr. men'o. .. 
17 lOregon, eastern.... 

18 ® 19 
15 ® 17 
14 @ 22 

22 @ 24 

25 la 2i; 

■2:< ttt 25 

General Merchandise. 


Wednesday m., June 1882. 


Crystal Wax 18 ®18 

Parafhne 20 (a - 

Patent Sperm 2.^ -2S 


Aesrtd Pie Fruits. 

21 lb cans 2 25 

Table do 3 5C ® - 

Jams and Jellies. 3 75 ® — 
Pickles, ht gal. .. 3 25® — 
Sardines, ■irbOL.l 67 ® — 

Hf Boxes 2 60iil 90 

Merry. Fault S Co s 
Preserved Beef 

2tb. doz 3 25 ®3 - 

do 4 lb doz 6 50 ®ti - 

Preserved Mutton 

2 lb. cloz 3 35 m 50 

Beef Tongue 6 75 ®6 00 

Preserved Ham, 

21b. doz S 60 ®5 60 

Deviled Ham, 1 lb. 

doz 3 00 ®3 50 

do Ham i It doz 2 60 ® — 
Boneless Pigs Fact 

3Ibs 3 60 ®3 75 

2 lbs 2 75 ® - 

Spiced Fillets 2 IbsS 50 ® - 
Head Chee8e3tb3.3 50 (it - 

Australian, ton. — ® 8 50 

Coos Bay — ® 6 50 

Bellinghatn Bay - (<* — 

Seattle - (of 6 50 

Cumberland.... — ®13 00 

Mt Diablo - ® — 

Lehigh -® - 

Liverpool — ® — 

West Hartley.. — ® 8 60 

Scotch - ® 8 50 

■ - (« - 

(^ 9 00 

- & 22i 

Vancouvur Id. 
Charcoal, sack 

Coke, bush — (.<? 

Sandwich Id lb. — ® 

Costa Rica i2 ® 

Guatemala 12 (9 

Java li 

.Manilla 15 ® 

Ground, in cs . . . 

Sac'toDryCod. ® — 5 

do in cases.. ® — 5j 

Eastern Cod...— 7 «t — 7] 
Sahnon. bbls... 7 00 @ 7 50 

llf bbU 3 50 (It 4 00 

1 lb cans 1 12i(* 1 22} 

PklaCod, bbls. ® 

Hf bbls (St 

Mackerel, No. 1 

Hf bbls 9 60 ® 10 00 

In Kits 1 75 ® 1 85 

Ex Mess 3 50 ® 4 OO 

Pickled Herring. 

box 3 00 ® 

Boston Smoked 

Herring 66 ® 

LIME, el«. 
Plaster, Oolden 

Gate Mills.... 3 00 ® 3 25 
Land Piaster, 

ton 10 00 @ 12 50 

Lime, Snta Cruz 

bbL 1 $6 a I 60 

3 50 

- 70 

[Cement. Rosen- 
dale 1 75 ® 2 

Portland 3 H lis 4 

lAsartd sizes, keg.3 76 ® 4 
'Pacific Glue Co's 

Neatstoot, No.l 1 00 (Jl 

[Castor, No. 1 — (al 

do. No. J — ® 

Baker's A A — (irl 

Olive. Plagnoll...6 26 ■,it5 

i Possel 4 76 ®6 

Palm, lb 9® 

L Inseed. Raw, bbl — ® 

BoUed - ® 

Cocoanut 60 ® 

Chbia nut,cs 68 M 

Sperm 1 40 ® 

0.aat Whales 35 «t 

.Polar — ® 

Lard - ®1 

Petroleum (110°l.. 18® 
iPetroleum (IfO*).. 28 (M 

Pure White Lsad. 7J® 

.Whiting lj(* 

Putty 4 ® 

•Chalk 1"' 

I Paris White 2}® 


Venetian Red 

Averil mixd Paint 

White & Tints.. 2 00 @i 
Green, Blue and 

Ch Yellow 3 00 m 

Light Red 3 00 ®3 

Metallic Roof ..1 30 ®1 
'Cliina Mixed. 11>. . 43® 

Hawaiian 4|® 

Cal Bay, ton... 14 00 dm 

Common 6 60 ®14 

Carmen Id 14 00 ®22 

Liverpool tine... 14 00 (^ 

Castile, lb 9 

Conuuon brands.. 4^® 

Fancy Brands 7 ® 


Cloves, lb 371® 

Cassia 19 ct 

Nutmegs 86 ® 

Pepper Grain 15 ® 

Pimento 16 ® 

Mustard, Cal 1 lb 

Glass — @1 

SlIfiAR, ETC. 

Cal. Cube tb 


Fine Cnuhed..... 


Golden C 

Cal .Syrup, kgs 

Hawaiian Mol'sees 
Yotmg Hyson, 
Moyune, etc.... 
Country pkd Gun- 
powder k Im- 

Hyson 30 ^ 

F(,oo-ChowO 271S 

Japan, medium, , , 3S ® 

® 10 

- ® 

- W 

65 (t? 
26 ® 

40 @ 65 

36 ® 

Promptneas Displayed, Etc. 

MK88KS. Dewrt & Co., Patent Ageuts: -The Canadian 
patent obtained through you is at hand. This makes 
three patents received within a month. The ability, en- 
ergy and promptness displayed by your Arm must cer- 
tainly be gratifying to your numerous patrons as it as- 
suredly is to Yours respectfully, 

TiionpR & BelLiOU. 

A Wonderlul Iiivention. 

The wonderful effect of steam as applied to soil tillsge 
can now be easily tested by whomever desires. In an- 
other column may be found an advertisement of two sets 
of the best Rnglish steam plowin? machinery made ee- 
pecial'y for use on the Pacific coast. Those who are dis- 
posed to experiment with steam should heed the notice. 

Hay Bakea 

The celebrated hay rakes manu'actured by John Dodds, 
Dayton, Ohio, can be found in large stock at the San 
Francisco branch, 37 Market St. The old reliable Hoi 
lingeworth Rtke has taken three Gold Medals at Inter, 
national Fairs. The Red Bird is cheap, simple and a 
great favorite. The new Reindeer is the strongest and 
most durable Self-Dump Rake on the market The iron 
axle and wheels, rocker-frame movement, adjustable 
teeth, dumping device and other improvements make 
them the most desirable Rakes manufactured. See the 
agent, S. H Gould, before purchasing, 37 Ma:ket S'., 3. F. 

Try the Rural Frees for 25 Cts. a Month. 

Tell your friends that they can have the Pacipio Ri kal 
Press mailed to them one month on trial for 25 cents. 
Four back Nos. will be added on receipt of 10 cents 
additional— making eight copies for 35 cents. It is a 
handsontely printed and illustrated home JoumaL Mail 
it to friends abroad. 

Ode attention has been called to the remarkable cura 
tive properties of Burnham's Abietece. It Is i ot a com- 
pound, but a pure distillation from a peculiar kind of 
fir balsam. It is really one of nature's remedies. Used 
both internally and externally. As a specific t jr croup 
it stands without a rival, and does away with the naus*- 
atin'{ effects of hive fyrup and emetics. Cures colds, 
coughs, sore throat, rheumatism, neuralgia, kidney 
troubles, etc. Used as a I'niment for bruises, burns, stiff 
Joints, sprains, poison oak, <tc. , it has no 3u|>erior. For 
circulars and testimonials of its mei Its address Wm. M 
Hickman, druggint, Stockton, Cal. For sale by all 
druggists. Price, 60 cts. and $1 per bottle. 

LivERT Stable is Oakla.nd— We call the attention of 
farmers visiting Oakland, and others to hire teams ot 
stable teams in Oakland, to the Hay, Sale, Boarding and 
Livery Stable of T. A. Cunningham, 1363 Broadwsy 
Oakland. ' Mr. Cunningham (recently from Haywards 
where he atili owns a ranch) has purchased a homestead 
in Oakland, and will do his best to giie satisfaction to 
his new customers and old friends who may call. 

A.v.M'AL Statisikias OP 1882.— "It is the moet complete 
and accui ate work of its kind in the world."— 5. F. Call 
Address L. P. McCarty, 502 Taylor St. Price, $4. 

Nbw Oio ok Sclkt.— Somethiug novel and very ele- 
gant in the way of a Sulky, may be seen across the way 
from our office, at the store of Goo. A. Davis, the well 
knowu Agricultural Hardware man. It must be seen to 
be appreciated. A cut of it will appear in our columns 

9 )Oi-. Photographs tent on application to Geo. A. Davis. 
.S. F., or Jacob Price, Si.ri Leanuro, who is the inventor 

AesMTS can now grasp a fortune. Outfit worth $10 
sent free. Full particulars address E. G. RiDsoirr & Co. 

10 >iin l»v St, N Y 





R. F. PEASE, Jr., Ajrenta. 
Nos 577 an<l 57» Market Street. 

The German Savings and Loan Society. 

San FrAMuueo, June 3o, 183:^. 
For the bulf year ending this date, the Board of DIrec 
has declared a diviileud on Term Deposits at the rate of 
four and thirty -two onehundredths (4 32-100) per cent, 
pur annum, and on Ordinary Deposits at the rate of three 
and six-tenths f3 6-10) per cent, per annum, free from 
Federal Taxes, and payable on and after the 10th day of 
Jidy, 1882. By order. GEO. LETTE, Sec'y. 

San Francisco Savings Union 

632 California St., Cor. Webb. 
For the half year ending with June 30, 18.'i2, a divi- 
dend has been declared at the rate of four and ihirty-two 
one hundredths (4 32 100) per cent, per annum on Tsrni 
Deposits, and three and sixty one-hundredths (seo-lOOi 
per cent, per annum on Ordinary Deposits, free of Fed- 
eral Tax, payable on and after WEDNESDAY, July 12, 
lg(,.^. LOVELL WHITE. Canhier. 

Tbis paper la pnntea witD Inft mmisbea by 
Ohas. Bneu Johnson & Co., 609 South lOth 
St., Philadelphia & fse Gold St., N. Y. Agent 
for Pacific Coaat— Joseph H. Dorety 627 
Oommerclal St.. 8. 

Commission Merchants. 


Late Miller Co. 



(Successors to MILLER i CO..) 

Wool, Grain, 


Corr\missior\ Merchants. 

10 Davia Street, near Market, 



Grain, Flour, Wool, Etc. 

[Members of the San Prandsco Produce Exchange]. 

211 and 213 Clay St., S. F. 
i^Llberal advances made on Consiitnments 


Commission IVTeroliants 

Ard Dealers in 

Green add Dried Fruits, 

Qrain, Wool, Hides. Beans. Potatoes. 

404 & 406 DAVIS STREET, 

p. O. Box 1936 S4N FKANCISCO. 





— I.MPOKTKlta Afc'D— 

^rb.olesale Grocers, 




Front Htroet Block, bet. Clar A WaKhlngtoo. Ban Prancisoo 
IV Special attention given to country tradera..^y 
P. O. Box 194a 



(Succe88ora to J W (JALK k CO ) 

Fniit anl Seneril Cominission Uercliints, 

And Wholesale Dt-abn-iri LVi'ironiiii liinl I'lodiKc, 
Uniiu. Ifmil. Hill..',. /;,,<„,., PuUiUm.', (7„,„, Kwi/.. 
Kiillir ami ll<,ii. u. 

Rnif>L Qtnnoc ^° 402 Davis Street, and 
Dri|,K OlOreb. 120 Washington Sr.., 8. F, 

Priilnpt Return*!. Advance Liberally f.n Conaiioinieuta. 


Coir\missioi\ Merchants, 

(Members ot San Pranclscu Produce Exchange.) 

40 CallfornlA HtrwU 

San FraBCiaeo, 




Na 76 Warren Street. New York. 

Commission Merchants in Cal. Produce 

Rkkbkrncks.— Tradesmen's National Bank, N. Y. ; KU- 
wanger & Barry, Rochester, N. y .;C. W. Reed; Sacra- 
mento, Cal.; A. LuBk it Co., Si.n Francisco. C»l. 

Attorneys & Counsellors-at-Law, 

Roome 7, 8 and 9 
No. 820 Oalifomia Street. S. F., 
(Over WellB Pargo A Co.'» Bant ) 

Special Attention Paid to Patent 

!»,' B.— Mr. J. L. Boone, of the above drm, baA been ouu- 
nected with the patent busineas for over 16 yean, and d»- 
votes hluisclf almost exclusively to patent litigation and 

»cln<1r("l lirai>(^ h<H« 

Superior Wood and Metal Kngrav. 

Injf, Electrotj-pine and Storeotyiv 
_ ingdoneattheofficeoftheMmiHa 

4Kn RciBwrmo Prvmh. S»n l»>iinHann. at titvi^uit^ 


Dewey & Co. {iur^.?8il Patent Agt's 

July z, 1882 ' 


OEO. W. MEi^DE & CO., 

Office and Warehouse, Nos. 416 and 418 Front Street, San Francisco, Gal. 


California and Oregon Sun Dried and Evaporated Fruits, 



US' As the LEADING HOUSE and HEADQUARTERS in all these products, we are ready to correspond with the producers with the view of purchase or contract for the comlne crops REMEMBER, that we purchase outrieht 
elthxr at points of production, paying freights, etc., ourselves, or delivered in S. F., freight paid. Remember, also, that in dealing with us you are operating through strictly FIRST HANDS. NO COMMISSIONS charged. NO 
DELAYS m settlements. 


GEO. D. DORNIN Mineger. 

WM. SEXTON Asst. Manager. 

plain and easily under itood Contract, also on Grain In 
Warehouse, Dwellings, Barns and other Farm Property. 

ASH roB. A Lioir FOLICir. 


the: U 10 INT 




Supplies a long felt want. 100 Sold In 
Ninety Days. 

Every owner of a Fann Enpine localod in inoderalely 
timbered country can find protltahle rnn>loymcnt the 
year round l>y puruhasing: one of these Mills. 

Every (- wnerof a timbered lot is interested in having 
one of thfse Mills in his neig^hburhood. No more haul- 
Ins In(ps to mill. All the waste eaved. 

Writo for Circuliira And Trice Lists, and afWress of 
nearcBt Ag-ent. [Name iliU Paper.] 

RUSSELL & CO., MassiUon, 0. 

Agents for the Pacific Coast. 




Self- Regulating 


Is recogoiz 'd as the 

Alwnvs givef satisf ict'on. SIMPLE, 
STRONG and DURABLE in a'l parts. 
Solid Wr.iuiht-iron Cranl< Shuft with 
noL'BLE BBARi^os for the Crank to 
work in, all turned and run in adjust- 
ahle babbitted boxes. 

Positively Snlf-Resfitlating 
With no coil springs, or springs of any 
kind. No little rods, joinls, levers, or anything of the 
kind to get out of order as such things do. Mills in use 
« to 7 2 years in good order now, that have never cost one 
cent for repairs. All genuine Enterprise Mills for the 

Pacific Coast trade come only through this agency, and 
none, whether of the old or latest p.attern, are genuine, ex- 
cept those bearing the "Enterprise Co." ttamp. Look out 
for this, as inferior mills are b?ing offered with tes- 
timonials applied to them which were given for ours. 
Prices to suit the times. Full particulars free. Rest 
Pumps, Feed Mills, ct-. . kept in stock. Address, 



Sen Prancl8co Agencv. LINFORTH, RICE 
A CO., 323 et 325 Market St., S. P. 





cj 9 Geary St. |^ 

e[ SAN FRANCISCO, Cal. ]! 


WM.F. SMITH, M. D., 


Importers, Manufacturers and Dealers in 







5 to 9 California and 
108 to 112 Market St. 

San Francisco. 



Self Binding 

Front Cut Si Reaw Out 

Single Mowers, 




Agent far STUDEBAKER Farm and Spring Wagons, 

HARDWARE, Etc. Steam Engines, and Keneral repiiring, with large a^eurtment of extras for Agricultural Implements, 

P. O. Box, 95 JOHN CAINE, Globe Iron Works, Stockton, Cal. 


Self Opening Iron Farm 


I Patented May 

Formerly at 31.1 Bush street, has removed to Phelan's 
Btiildinir, Rooms 300 to 304. Hours (or consultatisn, 12 
M. to 3 r. iL Take the Elevator. 

II islhp CliHiiiplon (inteor «li<- World for IIk 
Siinplirily. Diirabilily and general Exrellence. 

Arlington Farm. Davisville. Yolo Co.. June 3, 1S82. 

A P Campton, E.sq.. Dtor Sir: The two Automatic Iron 
Gates of your ratent (one 12 and the other 10 ft. in width) 
erected by you on my farm, two milts west of Davisville. 
have given me entire satisfaction. Thty ate all you repre- 
sent them to be, the most substantial, the neatest and the 
incst easily opeiated of aoy gate that I know of. They are 
just the gate that every farmer should liavt; in fact, they 
uaLnot afford to do without them. Respectfully ynu'F, 

H. M. LaRuf.. 

A. P. Campton. P. O Bo.\. 1210. San Jose. Cal , patentee; 
John Aylnard. manufacturer. P. O. Boi, 88. Livermore. Ala- 
meda Co.. Cal . and .las Staoley, Mission San Joae. Cal . 

£xoelsior Fruit Fitter. 

luvented by A. Donatella. 

ThiB machine rocomnienda itself 
by tbo following ^ood qualities: 

Rapidity of work, on? operator 
doing the work of four with knives. 
It t;lean=i the pit perfectly, wastes 
no fruit, and leavfs tht^ plum in 
two equal parts. It is easily op- 
erated. Makes no litter, the pits 
dropping in a vessel under the 
table. The plum remaining be- 
tween thumb and tiuger can be 
pUced direc ly on the ridole for 
the Dryer riiin licity of con- 
struotion. Canniit cet out of or- 
der. Will work equally well on 
trreen or very lipe riiims. rruoes, 
Ai)ricot8 or Nectarines pfttod with 
thiy machine dry more evenly and 
look hicer tlan when chippeJ 
otT with a knife. 
The low price comes within reach 
of all and will ptiy for it.'ielf with two day's woik- It is in- 
valuable to the L ousewif e for preparing fruit for canning and 
other purposes Ask your hardware dealer lor it. Try it 
and be convinc.d. For particulars address. 

A. DONATELLA. Uealdsburg, Cal. 



For sale in lots to suit at low prices. 
Cornwall Station, Contra Casta County. 


All New St.vie Chromo Cards no two alike, name 
on 10 cents." Cnntoo Bros., ClintonvUle, Cobd, 

8. P. Bailey. 

O. E. Badgley. 

John Batlev. 


Cor. Main and California Sts , Stockton, Cal. 

Importers and Jobbers lu 

ii^risuliural bplsments, Bariwars, Etc. 

Agents for the 
;. I. Cas9 ul Woods Eeilers, UcCormick Hanesting Michiae 
Co.'b Binders, Beapers and Uowers. the LaBelle Freight, 
Farm and Header Wagons, Althouse Vancless Windmills, 
Uinnesota Chief Thrashers, Engines and H;rse 
Powers, San Leandro. Boford and Stockton 

Cing and Snlky Plows. 
AJpo. State Agents for the Celelirafced 


Large Stock of Builders' Hardware and Carpenters' Tools. 
Orders Promptly Filled, and (roods sold at Bedrock ttnees. 


Twenty (20i head of Thoroughbred BERKSHIRE PIGS 
from six (6, weeks to three (3) months old. Can furnish 
males from different herds of equall.v good stock. Apply 
to G. M., 39 Olay street, 8. F. 


About 28.000 acres of the Sin Cristobal grant, located 
in Santa Fc county. New M-^xico. Is one nf the finest 
stock ranches in the Territory. It is well watered, and 
is only abjut six miles from a railroad s ation. It con- 
tains a lirge tract of irritable land, a large liuuse, thrifty 
orchard, etc, Price ifS.S.OOO, on easy t<r,np. Tl Is, U. S. 

Fur further information call upon or address, S. N. 
LAUGHMN, Castroville, Monterey Counly, Cal. 


Baden Station, - - San Mateo Co. 

Breeder of Short Horo Cattle, Dairy Cows and Berkshire 
Pigs. Cotalogues on application. 



Ditson & Co publiah a large number of books that are 
purely American in design and composition. 

ZAM^^UIn (?2.) is a new Grand Opera, fust out. It 
enODia isby O. PRATT. The subject Is a 
noble and heroic one, and the scenes are capable of being 
DMde most attractive. Will soon be given. Miss Annie 
Gary taking the principal role. 

n«„ M. 1 DUDLEY buck, is a 

UOn IVIUniO Grand Cantata, founded on a le- 
gend of the Crusades. 

Ae:.*U D««lm (80 cts ) by DUDLEY BUCK, is 

4oth rsalm ativoite. 
Joseph's Bondage b, chadwick. 
Belshazzar w) bv butterfield. 

Are two sicred Cantatas introducing, the one Egyptian 
and the other Babylonian scenes, which, with proper cos- 
tuming, may be mude magnificent. The music is good, 
aud ei her is well worth giving. 

New Flower Queen oKroV 

Picnic By THOMAS. 

Two Cantatas which are most appropriate to the Hower 
and excursion season. 

Redemption Hymn Mr^wh?" ?e 

nanst acceptable to choirs and choruses. 


Established 1S31. 
C H. Ditson Sr. Co., 843 Broadway, N Y. 


A No. 3, 7x10 Ames Engi'-o, In use only one s»ason 

in thorough repair, will bo sold cheap. 

H. p. OBBOOEY St CO., 
e & 4 California St., S. B. 


San Francisco 

In Eleven Hours. 

Passengers leave San Francisco via C. P. R. R., at S A. 
M.; arrive at Catistoga 11.15 A. M . Leave Calistog% at 12 
M. daily (Siindajs excepted); ariive at Lakeport in even- 
ine. On Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturday s. stages If ave 
Calistoga 'or Lakeport vi i Mi idleton, Olenbrook, Kelsey- 
ville and Soda Bay; Returning alternate days. 

This is the Most Direct Line trom 
San Francieco to Lakeport. 

Most Picturepque an 1 Romantic Route on the Coast. 
Krom Mt. St. Helena it affords the traveler a view of the 
famed Nap3 and liuseian Rivpr Valleys and the Cnadt 
Range; and from Cohb Mountain to the great Clear Lake 
Region in fri>nt and the Pacific ocean in the rear. This 
line connects with stages for Anderton, Adatns, Sieoler, 
Howard Springs and Soda Ba"". On Mondava. Wednes- 
days and Fridays stages leave Calistoga at 12 M for Mid- 
dleton, Guenoc, Lower Lake, and Sulphur Banks; retnm- 
ine alternate days. This lir e connects at Lower Lake 
with stale i for bieglor, Howard. Adams and I he clehrated 
Bartlett Springs. These lines are stocked with tine 


Driven by the most skillful drivers on the coast. For full 
information and tickets apply to SAM. MILLER. 

TourisL and Ticket Ajjt , 
2 New Montgomery St. , Palace Hotel. 

Round Trip Tickets to Lakeport and Return, 812."TB> 
Single Tickets. $0.50. 
Lakeport ntlioo at W. W. Green's Hotel. 
John Ci,ark, Agent. W. F. Fisiisr. Proprietor. 

Guaranteed to do better work "and give better satisfac- 
tion than any in use. Sent ON TbIAL to responsible 
tixUMra. For circulars and terms to acents address 
Stockton, CaL 

C. B. OASB, »K. D., 

Consulting and Operating Physician, 

U16 Broadway Oakland, 
win risit patients at istance for congultation or tc 
perform operation*. 



[July I 1882 




Hardware Merchants. 




Kellv" Barb Wire, 


Enameled and Galvanized. 

RED STAR " (4-Pomted) Barb 




These Machines all Have Forty Inch Drapers. 

Tlie Farmers call it the "BOSS HEADER OP CALIFORNIA." Uuilt espcwallv for CaUfornia Trade 


Plows, Harrows, Cultivators, Steel Road Scrapers, Etc, 

Call at the old Stand or Send for Cataloeue and Price List, Litieral Diacouiits to the trade. 

Orders for the " STOCKTON CHIEF " HEADER 

Should bo forwarded early, as the demand is so ^reat that it is difficult to fill iate orders. 


Corner of Main and California Sts., Stockton, C&lifornia. 




To Squirrels, Gophers, Birds, 
Mice, £tc. 

^7 Endorsed by t!ie Grange and all others who have 
used it 



Put up in 1 Iti , 6 tb., and 5 gallon tins. Manufactured by 

A. R. BOOTH, Eagle Drug Store, 

San LiUla Obispo, Cal. 

You well know the virtue of our H. H. H. Horse Liniment. It has l)een used for 
years throughout the entire Pacific Coast, and has been found witliout an equal an a 
Liniment for man and beast. Wo have now added to our list of medicines "TheH. II. H. 
Hoof and Healing Ointment," and tlie "H. H. H. Condition Powders." No stock- 
raiser, once liaving used our medicines will ever be without tlieni in the house. For 
.sale everywhere. 

Trade} H. H. H. {Mark 

Hoof and Healing Ointment 
For Brittle Hoofs, 
Fever in Feet, 

Contracted Hoofs, 
Sand Cracks, 
Quarter Cracks, 
Collar Galls, 
Harness Galls, 
Mud Fever. 
Etc., Etc. 

Sole Proprietors. 

Irade;- H. H. H. 'M 
Horse Liniment 

Tlie most effectual 
liniment ever used for 

Callous Lumps, 
Old Sores, 
Stiff Joints, 
Windgalls, Etc. 

Sole Proprietors- 

Mt\ H, H, H. {M 
Condition Powders, 
For Inward Strains, 
Hide Bound, 
Loss of Appetite, 
Yellow Water, 
Poll Evil, 
Colds, Etc. 

Sole Proprietors. 





Three Hundred Sold in Two Years- 
H. C. SHAW Stockton Gang Plow, 





Powell's Electric Hay and Grain Elevator. 


(Send for Illustrated Catalogue and Price list.) 

201-3 El Dorado Street, - - - Stockton, Cal. 

S. W. Corner Kearny and Montgomery Ave., San Francisco. 

O. F. BECKER, Proprietor 

rFree Coacb to tbe House, 

July I, 1882 


1 p; 

Seeds. Plants. Etc. 


Eatabllsbed In 1858. 

For sale, all kinds of Fruit Trees, Vines and Fruiting 
Shrubs raised without irrigation. Also, a general assort- 
ment of Evergreen Trees and Shrubs, deciduous Flower- 
ing Shrubs; Roses in assortment. Conservatory and Bed- 
ding Plants in great variety. Send for Catalogue and 
List of Prices. Address W. H. PEPPER, 

Petaluma Sonoma County, Cal. 


San Bernardino, - - - - Cal., 

Box 275. 

Fruit and Ornamental Trees 


True to name and reliable. Persons intending to plant 
JTTNE BUDDED or otber trees, next season, should 

Principal Nuraery located just south of Colton. 



Will mail FREE their Cata- 
logue for 1883, containing a 
full descrij>tivo Price -List of 
Flower, I'ield aud Garden 


Bulbs, Ornamental Grasses, 
and Immortelles, Gladiolus, 
Lilies, lioses. Plants, Garden 
Implements. Beautifully illus- 
trated. Over lOOpages. Address 


179-183 East Main St 200-206 Randolph St 


Importers, Growers and Dealers in Garden, Field and 
Flower Seeds, Dutch Bulbous Roots, Summer Flower- 
ing Bulbs and Garden Requisites of every description. 
Catalogues mailed to all applicants. Address 

B. K. BLISS & SONS, 34 Barclay Street, N. Y. 


Bloasoms and extracts of blossoms, the greatest blood 
purifier known. A sure cure for Cancer, Salt Rheum, 
and all blood diseagee if taken in time. Many also have 
been cured of Catarrh, Rheumatism, Poison Oak and 
other diseases. For tull particulars, circulars and testi- 
monials address, W. C. NEEDHAM. sole agent for Pacific 
Coast, P. O. Box 422, San Jose, Cal. 

Bm D«*ia, ia. PEACBEB-j U 4 ft., lA>.i AUiu>d«r, Bilg^o^, Or«wf.t«, 
PUMMCIIk.. e.. L«, Ui»» CliDji, Ac APBICOTB— S t« 4 h.. 3De. ; Hoorpwk. 
mtd*. HonL Eu-It floldn. ^ PLUUS— 30«.i b«t ofMrllMt u>] IktMi. 

■BOTABIHCS— Lvn &*A, t*v-oI^ UMi m>It. lOo. KAKI-3 1-3 tl.. 2Ae. AW, al 
kaSU lOe. ChMliint, W.Id.v BatWrvak, Uadoin, Bir.kori. Pt*UL, C>r«tlu 

CMbIm, P>wp<i«. AiK Uapl*. Boi EMar. Tnllp Um. SM^fru. yfteM>l>fc.8»w 
•Wh, Bb^a.a. KLs. cWIm EmfT^mm, asd Dk«T Mdw klmia af Bcrriai 

Mi Orw Qvlww, Sbkllu. aiMl oth.t v.iilnga 

, Bop reou, OottoB .Md. BAllBOOa, PM*Bt«. B*li) B*Awr, tU kmI 
■p far *k« ten*. AIM 

•Iw, Aftkkka 

• Ok.. Qax 


One half interest in a Deciduous Fruit Nursery, south 
em part of StUe. Over 250,000 trees. Apply to 


Colton, Cal. 

Moore's Prepared 

The most successful Poison in use for Squirrel Kiling 

C. E. WILLIAMS & CO., Proprietors, 


Moore's Sulphur Dip; Safe, t^ure and Cheap prepare 
tien for the cure of Scab in Sheep. 



JAMES CAVIN, Proprietor. 

This House is the Leading Hotel of the City, containing 
al' the modern improvements. General Ticket Office for 
the Big Trees, Yosemite Valley, Bodie, and General Stage 
Office for all the Southern Mountain Towns. The Yo- 
semite Coach will convey guests from the boats and all 
tiains. free of chartre 


Gold, Crystal, Lace, Perftuned & Chromo Card8,name 
la gold and Jet. U>o. CUaton Bros., CUatonvUle, Co 








Fruit and Zvergreen Trees, Plants, Sto. 

In Large Quantities and Offered in Lots to Suit Purchasers. 
Hedge Shears, Fmning and Budding Znires, Green House Syringes, Etc. 
Seed Warehouse, 317 Washington St., San Franoisoo. 





Natliaiiiel Gutty & Bro, 

113 Sansome Street, San Franoisoo, 

W. W. Greener's Celebrated Breech Loading Double Guns. 

W. W. Greener's Trap Gun, 12, 14 or 16 Gaupre, $85. 

Ammunition in quantities to suit A liberal discount to the trcuie. Price List on Application 

Berrv & Place Machine Company, 

PABKE & LACY, Proprietors. 
No. 323 and 325 Market Street, - - . 

Importers and Dealers in every Variety of 

San Francisco, Cal. 


Stationary, Portable and Hoisting: iEngines and Boilers, 

Sblngrle Mills, Kmery Grinders and Fmery Wheels, Gardner Governors, Leather 
and Rubber Beltins and Packing, together -with a general line 
of Mining and Mill Supplies. 
CataloKues and Price Lists furnished on application, .^f 




Rope. Wire. Belting. Pumps, Pipe and Steam Fittings, 

3iO and 312 Main Street, Comer of America, 

^Srexxtis Ha-lla-da-y ills. 



Shooting Qualities 


Send Stamp for 50-Page Catalogue. 

send for Circular and Prices. Larg-e Stock and Fine Assortment. 

E. T. ALLEN. Agent for the Pacific Coast. 



For Gardens, Mills, Mines and Tiro 

Carbolized Rubber Hose, 

Standard (Maltese Cross) Rubber Hose 
Rubber Hose (Competition), 
„^ _ Suction Hose. 

Steam Hose, 

„. TH. „ , Brewers' Hose, 

Steam Fire Engine Hoee, 

Carbolized Maltese Cross Brand, 

Manufactured and for sale by 

The Gutta Percha arid Rubber 

Manufacturing Co. 

„ JOHJJ \V. TAYLOR, Manager. 

Corner First anrt Market Streets, IS. 


Improved Churn and Butter-Worker 

Pat'd U. S., July 6, ISSO. Pafd Canada, Dec. 2, 1880. 

This Churn ia the most perfect machine of its class ever 
made; the result of several years' study and experiment, 
by a practical dairyman. Made extra heavy of ihe best 
materi^il. The only NON-CORROSIVE METALLIC 
Churn ever offered to the public. 

It took the First Premium at the Stof-kton Fair, Nevada 
State Fair arid the California State Fair, IbSl, as a chum, 
and a Diploma as the best Butter- Wo-ker. For further 
particulars and circulars address the Inventor and Sole 
Patentee. GEO. W. FREEMAN, 

Oakland, Cal. 
Or Jas. L. Haley, Janesville, Lassen Co., Cal., 
Benicia Agricultural Works, Benicia, Cal. 


— AT — 


All kinds of Fancy and Staple Groceries, wholesale and 
Retail, at their Stores, 

323 to 33 I Sixth St., I 307 Polk St., 

— AND — 

1144 AND 1146 FOLSOM ST., S. F. 

Goods delivered to any part of the city, or to any rail- 
road, steamer or vessel, free of cliarge. 

Country Orders Specially Solicited. 

All such orders must he accompanied by a check or cash. 
All goods promptly dellverod and warranted as to quality. 
i^"0rder8 most respectfully solicited. 

,Th£ THREE combinations! 

Is the Best Pump in in tne World. Another 
New Improvement is Lewis Patent 
Spray Attachment. 
Can change from solid stream to spray instantly. Regu- 
lar retail price, $6. Weight, 4J lbs. Length, 32 inches. 
111 Leidesdorff St., S. F. 
P S, A sample can be seen at this office. 


B. jr. COOKS 


Comer of Front and M Streets, Sacramento. 

Fruit and Packing Boxes Made to Order, 


Oommtmlcatlons Promptly Attended to. 
ObOKE St SONS. Saccessora to CoOKi & Obisokt 

The American Driven 

Send for Circulars. 


40 Merchants' Kxchanf^e San Francisco. CaL 

On so Inpgp «l7.c CARDS. Rpmem- 
Irranrc, Si'uilmciit, lliiiid Koquct, iic. 
1 2 iillkr, lUc, H iiks. {II. VWme srnil 
)r. fur .(lliiliii of lUU •iiiiipirs mill list of 

'0 line (jiii Bevel Eiige Curd»,turned corner,10c 

iH make 50 per rent. We ofler the Inrgeftt line of Cnnt* 
tlie l>i~l rremliiiim itiill the loiie>t (irirr*. We fill ull order* 
{>ruiii|illv niid ^iiiiriinlee sallsfjielloii. Amalrur Prliiler* ».np- 
plied nilh hhiuk <'»r<1~ at u hol. '.aU' |>rlr<... E-l»l>IUhed 1S;0. 

NUlnill'UIII) ( Ull) llOllhS. Norlhronl, toun. 


LARGE SIZE New Chromes, with name, 10c. 
TODD & CO., late Wise & Co., Clintonville, Conn. 



[July 1, 1882 




Another Year's Improvements tlie 
Greatest of Them All. 

They are made eapecially to suit the peculiar wants of 
the Pacific Coast, In a word, we can safely say that the 
Buffalo Pitts for 1881 is Perfect. One needs to see 
the practical working tff;ct of these changes to fully realize 
their great utility and benefit. Superior to all others in Ca- 
pacity, Qaality of Work and Durability. 

iS" S^'ndfor Denerlplive Pamphlet and Prirf List. T^t 

New Hollingsworth Rakes, 

With Wrought-Iron Axle Arms. A Great 


Improved Single Gear Header. 

With New Patent Adjustable Reel, having a pipe shaft. 
Patent wrought iron wheels with adjustable spokes. Patent 
truss to brace the frame. 

I.oDg. Cast-steel Guards, set close, which answer the pur- 
pose of lifters in fallen and tangled grain. The sections are 
placed on top of the Sickle Bar. Cast-steel Shafts set in 
Babbit metal bearings run true and easy. The improved 
gears with adjustable device for the main bavtl gear. Im- 
proved loose hub on the main bevel gear wheel. 

And is the only heider having a .self-c >hREtviN'G bal- 
ance which requires no weifjht upon the lever, or a man 
power to elevate or depress the point of the Header. The 
latter improvement is the most complete and important of 
all — we call your special attention to ifs merits. All our 
Headers have 43 inch drapers. 

SS" Send for Catahguf. giving full Descripihn "vEJi 


These Celebrated Machines are made as combined Rsap 
ers and Mowers, Single Reapers and Single Mowers, and the 
Combined Machines may be used as self-rakers, as Droppers, 
or as Mowers, and are complete and perfect in every place, 
They are emphatically Wrought-iron Machines; and are made 
with wrought-iron main frames, firmly riveted together, to 
which the several parts are riveted or bolted, and all have 
wrought-iron connections of the cutter-bar to the main frame. 
The master-wheel shafts and the pitman fly-wheel shafts, 
and also the drag-bars are made of the best cold-rolled iron, 
and the shaft boxes are case-hardened. 

US' Send for Descriptive Circular and Prices. 


With Patent Furnace Boilers. 

Embodies all the essential points and improved principles 
which a long experience in the field could suggest, and is par- 
ticularly adapted to the requirements of thtesbermen and 
farmers. Its design is perfection — complete, compact and 
effective, and manufactured of the very best material obtain- 
able. All parts are duplicated, and in a case of breakage 
{tchich does not often Jixippen), can be expressed to any part of 
the Pacific Coast on short notice. No machine shop necessary 
to keep the AMES ENGINE in repair, or loss of time and 
expense sustained in shipping to and from the repair shop. 
lt3^Send for Descriptive Circular.~& 

We Keep the Largest and Best Stock of 


Agricultural Implements 

On this Coast. Send for Catalogue. 


Self-Operating Horse Bake 

Is the Best Hay Rake In the World, and Has Never 
Failed to Give Satisfaction, 

Both for the superiority of its work, ita nnequaled oonstrnc- 
tion and durability, and the variety of work to which it can 
be applied. 

Each SQcoeeding year extends the fi«lds of its triumphs, 
and gives it a higher reputation, and it is now everywhere 
recognized as the leading kake, and is the actepted stand- 
ard by which the merits and defects of other Rakes are 


These Wagons are built expressly for this coast, from the 
best selected and thoroughly seasoned Second Growth timber. 
The Felloes are all (before setting the ties) ran throngh boil- 
ing linseed oil, thereby counteraoting any liability of shrink- 
age, or consequent loosening of tires. The gearings are ironed 
in a superior manner, with extra heavy 


and mounted with the best California Roller Brakes, light or 


We keep the most complete stock of Extras for all the 
different kinds of Farming Machinery sold on this coast, 

Champion Reapers and Mowers, Buckeye, Etna, Wood's. 
Sections of til kinds. J. I. Case's Genuine Headers, Hodge's 
and Wood's Imitation Case Headers, San L;andro Header, 
Buff*lo Pitta & Russell's, etc., etc. 

F. A. HILL, Superintendent. 

B P. PALMER, Secretary. 


The best fiiuall Bale Tiny Pre<»s mndp. Pat« 
10 tons of the Dryest liny in a « oiiinion 
box our. Capfti-ity about 
one ton per hour. 

Hight 4«.; Width. 2 ft : Leog'h. 12 ft ; Weiehl. 2.80011)8 
Size of baie when out of pr^^s, 1^x73 inchr>B. and 3 ft., 6 
incbts locg- Average wti ht, 17j Iba. Ooe hu'-dred and 
i ^eoty-^igbt bales wtit go in a car. Bales as Pmof^th f-nd 
i.quare aa plugs of tobacco. Press ttr^np y n ounl d. Can 
ba moved flDywhere, up canyi'n* and over hi I p. with two 
horses. Re-jviirea nu < taMcK down. Re idy for bu-in ^68 as 
600D aa it arrives at B' ark. Ba'e is prti-s d ugaiubt an eud 
door (which ia opened after the bale is vied) a d Is pushed 
out simply by imtting In tv< r^- liay, HorRo works on a lei*tr. 
15 It. loDiT, nalking half way round and back, prersinff a 
chari;e » hen going either way. F< Uowt^r goes back it elf. 
No 8 de door.*. Bile tied through f lots in t lie fi'des, Made 
of the tdU^heat Eastern whi*e oak. Iron woik v. ry h^avy. 
Madh stronger tuan a?<v roRTABLE Pkess was ever 
MADEBFFORK. Warranted Deit to break for OD^ year. Giviog 
best satis'actioQ whe ever usei Fricp, i^y^i). Manufac- 
tured at the wo!k8 of the San Leanoro Plow Co., l-y 

JAC03 PRIOE. San Leandro, CaL, 
Inventor and roanufactu-er of the Price or Petaluroa Pree?, 
tlie Improved Eagle PreH:^, the Krl iiRe Pres^, and imp -rt t 
and manufacturer of the CKLEBtAT-U DKDEKICK 
PRESSES, all ftyles fiend for illu&tia'ed catalogue and 
price list of the aljove-named Pit sses 



PortaWe Oalvfiui?.-! Ir..n 


Is t*ie beat thine ynt iutrofluced fur 
the 1 urpose. 

Fruit evaporated by tbe Zimmer- 
man Proc tfrcommsn 3 tbe hig .est 
pilce of buy. Fruit gr .w rs bLuu d 
Bend fjr eeiciiptive catalogue, wttb 
testimonials, to 
325 Market Strett, S. F. 

Ort-rt th« followi^'a "et-.ts: Jno. B. 
>'iler, I.08 Aogolee; L. S L?nb, 
M ». sviJi,;; 1. .. \»al Salem, Or.: 'i. vv. .unle , The 
X» les. Or.; H. M. I'uiur & Cj.. Waiia Walla, W. T. 

J. H. Wythe, M. D. 

Residence: | Office: 

066 West Street, Oakland. 7S9 Market St., San FrancUoo 
]t«<(m 10 A. M., after 6 p. H. I Vrom 11 Jk. M. to 3 p.m. 


BeceDtIf removed (rom Ean Leandro, to Benicla, Cal. Formerly Sweepstake Plow Co. 

Manufacturers of 


Ganff Plo-wa, Road and Field Single Plows, Iron and Wood Frame Har- 
rows, Cultivators Seed Sowers, Hay Presses, Haying and Har- 
vesting Machinery, Headers, Iron Farm and Freight 
Wagons, Patent Iron Gear Spring Wagons. 

Spring and Thoroughbrace Wagons 


Buckboards, Barrows, Store and Warehouse Trucks, Grain 
Cleaners, Barley Crushers, Eureka Ditching and Grad- 
ing Plows, Sweepstake Quartz Mills, Etc. 

Tbe Largest and Most Qomplete Agricultural Works on tbe Coast- 

The buildings ar3 over 1.60J ft. in length, and have a fl inr purface of 105, 402 square feet, or nearly 2i acres. 
Tbe wharvt;B, coni>ected with the works by rail, are over 60 ft in len^'h. and have a floor tui face of m<*re than 4O,CO0 square 
ft . including Wdiehinise. The machinery Is entirely new, of latest iniprnved patterns throughout. With this Maramnth 
fcetablihhnienf and bkitled mechanit s in evtry dep irtmetit, we nre prepared to Imild every Kind «>f imnlement to older, a-jd. 
parties I eerlins PUggtstioijR <ir HS-^i.-^tancf^ in i)erfijcting inventioijti will have tbe hv-t kind of aid and assist anc*-, thereby "aviog* 
time, lah »r ;iiid coin. <')ur ftcilities are fncli a^to incure rapHl work and [iron jit el)ipmtnt.»i. t'i'her by la 1 or water, thus 
maklna a Rood mvim: for parties in the nterior who order K'»otl8 from these Wurks. We jjart'cularly invite correspon- 
dence from the couutty and proirjit responses will be sent to all inquiries We have increased faotiities for manufactur- 
ing nt>^ only Spring, Fan n and Tboroui^hbrace Wagon-». but all styles oi Vehicles will be built to nrder. includintf Iron 
Gear Spring V> agons with tlie Celebratt d Patent ron Wheel; al o, the Hweepstake Patent Iron Farm and Freight Wagon. 
We are sole manufacturers of the Celebrated Hi I's Eureka Sulky Gang Plow, the most popular Gang In the State, ot 
which there are a gresfcier nunibHr in use than any other mske. Alwys rictorioua at plowing matcbe:<, aod has made a 
clean sweep of premiuniH since 1H70. aLd at the late State Fair at HdcraiLeuto. was awarded the first premium of one hun- 
dred d jllarR. 


H'll's Eureka Single Sulky Deep Tiller 
* Tule Pluw. 
" Improved Granger Gang. 
'* Im d Single Sod and Tule Plow. 
S Ufcle Plows. 

Hill's Sweepstake Koad and Breaking Gfllis' Improved Horse Powera 
Plows. |t_Mlti«atorH. 
Side Hill Gang. iGeni Seed S jwers. 

'* Double Deep Tiller- 1 Hid's Improved Headers 

Fresno Ditching and Grading Plow. 1 Wood and Iion Harrows, etc 
U memlter that Water-Communication Insures Cheip Freights. That dealer", farmers and others living at. or 
near tbe Saci am* ntr) or Ban J'lsquiu rivers or their tribu^iries, can mikeaGRKAT SAVING oF FREIGHT *»y biiying 
(ioods m:inufacturtd by the llF-sa;! a. Aijricui.t riiAi- WoUKS, either direct, or through Mk-siis. Bakck & Hamilton. 
agents, Sa i Fi3iii:iijCj aud S^icraniento. The overland train passes between wharf an 1 works, so tnat partlts from the in- 
t'.rior. or from Sin l^ranciso. will bs landed a*- tlie door of tlie factory. Wholesale and retail deale-s. farm-rs and con- 
i-umers are cordially invited to call St the works an I examine for themselveK. Our line of nianu acture embraces all of 
California'i S[ai:dar-l innk ■ of Agricultural Ini|ileHient,H, We aim to excel all in our line of Manufacture in producing the best 
Implements, with all the Lattst i'ractical Iniprovenu nt«, which are peculiarly adapted to our soil and tbe Pacific Coast, 
both in tiHiijg ground sn J ha^^e^ting the grain: producing articles which combine; all that geoiiH. euterprise and science 
can insure A guarantee ^<> the purchaser, and a cte*Ut to the manufacturer. Correspondence is invited that we may send 
Circulars and descriptive li-its. Address, 


Or Agents, BAKER & HAMILTON, San Francisco and Sacramento. 



The Aairuet trip of the Steamehip IDAHO 

to Alaska will he made a special fpstiire of 

interetit for touristrt and pleasure seekers. In addition to 
her reguUr ports uf c8ll(Wrancel, Sitka, Harrisburg, etc. ) 
it is intended the shall visit Olicier Bay and other points 
of special interest. 

The trip ir.'^m Puget Sotind to AH^ka. instead of being, 
as many imagine, r^^ugh and ttropestuou , is made ntar- 
ly t'le whole distance on inlind wateis, which are as 
smooth anl unrufflfci as a mountain lake. The scency is 
a magnificent panorama of wondrous gra'^deur. The 
noted and celebrated point* of interest in California and 
o'her States dwarf into insignificance in comparison with 
the wonde'ful sights and towering mountains in this won. 
derland of glaciers, icebergs, Aurora B ireslis and night 
lensdar. Only a limited nnmhcr c f passengers cin be 
taken from San Francisco, as a large.numlier of tourists 
hare engaged to go from Portland, Victoria and other 
northern ports. 

Those desirinr to engage passage will please reclatcr 
their names at the Company's Ticket Office, 2U Mont- 
gomery etree*. No name accepted unless acuompanied 
by ad> p JSit of j29 0:1 a count 

The tare for the round trn has been fixed at a low rate 
ot tll5, which Includes meals and a berth. 

Passengers will take the DAKOTA, which leaves Broad- 
way Wharf July 2flth, at 2 p «., and transfer to the 
IDAHO at Port Tonnwnd about August 31. reachiug 
San Francisco on the return about August 26'h. 


General Agenti. 


For sale— Two sets S eam Plows, manufactured by the 
world-renowned firm of John Fowler & Co., of Leeds, 
England, with all latest improvements and duplicate ac- 
cessories. These plows are capable of plowing Irom 15 to 
.sn acres per day |)cr set, at a depth ot from one inch to 
two feet, or more. The four powerful traction engines be- 
longing to the outfit were expressly constructed for ufe 
on the Pacific Coast and colonies, kMi a view, not only 
to economy in fuel, but also for transportation purposes, 
and for all kinds ot farm work where iteam power is ad- 
vantageous or requisite. Apply to 

Room 10, No. ion California Hi., S. F 


trated circular, 
Readinc Ranch 

Good land that will ralie a crop errry 
year. Over 12,000 acres for sale in Iota to 
suit. Climate healthy. No drouths, bad 

floods, nor malaria. Wood and water 

L-onvenlent. U. 8. Title, perfect. Send stamp for lIIo»- 
to EDWARD FKISBIE, Proprietor ol 
▲nderton, Bbi«U County, Cal. 

The State Fair. 

The State Agricultural Society (E. F. Smith, 
Secretary, Sacramento, ) has just issued a neat 
pamphlet of 63 pages, giving the revised pre- 
mium list for the fair of 1882, which will be 
held from September 11th to September 16bh 
inclusive. We are aware that the directors 
have made a special effort this year to secure 
the views of producers concerniDg the arrange- 
ment of awards, and we trust that many im- 
provements have been made in the list. We 
have not found opportunity to examine the 
classes carefully, but this work can be done by 
each intending exhibitor for himself, and we 
would advise all to send to Mr. Smith for a 
copy of the pamphlet at once, so that there 
may be plenty of time to get exhibits in good 
order, if the premiums offered are satisfactory. 
We shall draw from the pamphlet a few para- 
graphs relating to the exhibition of livestock: 

As a special feature, the Board have decided 
upon having a grand walking match for draft 
stallions, and have offered therefor the sum of 
$25, and have also been tendered by the Beni- 
cia Agricultural Works, of Benicia, California, 
a two-horse "Sweepstake" iron farm wagon 
complete, valued at |200, to be known as the 
"Benicia Agricultural Works Prize," the test 
to be made under the following conditions: 
Horses entered to be draft stallions weighing 
1,300 tf)3. or over; the walk to be one mile to 
wagon selected by the committee, and to con- 
tain not less than one ton in weight; the stal- 
lion making the fastest time to receive the 
wagon, the one making the second best time, 
the coin; entries to close September 11, 1882, 
at six o'clock r. m. In entering, please give 
name, pedigree, color and weight. 

A premium of .ftO is offered for the best 
milch cow of any age or breed, under the fol- 
lowing conditions: The cows contesting shall 
be openly exhibited from Tuesday morning un- 
til allowed to be removed. They shall be 
milked in presence of a Trustee on the morning 
and evening of Wednesday. The milk of each 
cow shall be measured, weighed and tested 
with lactometer upon being drawn. The milk- 
ings skimmed respectively on Thursday even- 
ing and Friday morning, and churned on Fri- 
day at 9 A. M. The butter shall be well 
worked and weighed without salt. The whole 
shall be, including custody of milk, under the 
supervision of a Trustee, who, with the others, 
shall award the premium. The data upon 
which the award shall be made shall be, the 
weight of the cows, the quantity and weight of 
the milk. 

In judging swine it is announced that in the 
Berkshire class swine shall not be recognized as 
eligible to entry unless they trace to animals 
recorded in the American Berkshire record, or 
the exhibitor furnish in writing, at the time of 
entry, equally satisfactory evidence as to pur- 
ity of breeding. We notice that a special class 
has been made for Darocs or .Jersey reds, this 
year, the premiums being the same as for Berk- 

Under the head of agricultural products, the 
following specialties are noted: Best exhibition 
of the silk business, from the mulberry tree to 
the silk cocoon, including the feeding of the 
worms, their eggs, etc., $25. Best bale of Cal- 
ifornia cotton, not less than 400 pounds, by the 
producer, $20. Display of California manufact- 
ured tobacco, $10 and diploma. 

A commendable arrangement has been made, 
by which premiums for agricultural products, 
excepting table collections of various vegeta- 
bles, are to be made to growers only. This gives 
the growers a chance to compete with each other 
without competition from the tradesmen, ex- 
' cept on miscellaneous collections. These col- 
l lections being for display only, and not to test 
the value of different varieties, may well be 
left aside for the tradesmen. 

The Wood River News says : "Stay away. 
We hear of thousands on the road to Wood 
River packing their blankets and begging their 
way. Better keep out. You won't have wind 
'^QOUgb to "aaa th« ronntry with by fall," 

Elemental Disturbances. 

The elements took an active part in Fourth 
of July observances this year, and in the north- 
ern part of the State asserted their superiority 
in the pyrotechnic art. At Yreka, Siskiyou 
county, on the afternoon of the Fourth, there 
was a terrific thunderstorm, accompanied with 
heavy hail and rain. The showers amounted 
to at least three-quarters of an inch. Hail- 
stones fell of a very large size and of a color 
similar to pieces of ice, flat and entirely differ- 
ent from the usual round, milky-white hail- 
stones. They cut off (leaves and fruit from the 
trees to a great extent, also seriously damaging 
other crops. Flags flying were blown from the 

wright place, adjoining the Parrot grant, it 
struck and set fire to the stubble, but was ob- 
served by James Hegan, who was riding past in 
his buggy, who gave the alarm to the thrashers 
on the grant, and with a buggy robe kept it 
from spreading to the standing grain until the 
men arrived and put it out. Lightning in grain 
fields of Butte was never heard of before. 

The unusual character of these occurrences in 
California makes their record a matter of general 

A Memory of Harvest Time. 

Many of our older readers will need but to 
indulge in a retrospect to recall a harvest 
scene like that shown in the engraving. It is 


poles and the streets were Hooded with water, 
making deep streams at several points. The 
excessive heat for a week past undoubtedly 
brought on this extraordinary storm, which ex- 
tended over most of the county and seemed 
like a cloudburst by its fury. 

At Truckee on Sunday evening, during a 
heavy thunder shower, Mr. H. W. Roberts, a 
prominent citizen of Truckee, and a small boy, 
son of Mrs. Madden, of this place, had a very 
narrow escape from being killed by lightning. 
Mr. Roberts, accompanied by the boy, was 
driving a two- horse team attached to a buggy 
over his ranch, near Verdi, Nevada, when the 
team was struck by a bolt of lightning, killing 
both horses, completely demolishing the car- 
riage and knocking both the occupants insensi- 
ble. Mr. Roberts and the boy remained un- 
conscious for sometime, but they are out of dan- 
ger now. 

On Monday, about noon, two most unheard-of 
grain-field fires took place from lightning, in the 
field of John Thomson, near Nord. The light- 
ning struck about 100 yards from the thrashing 
machine, and set fire to the grain, but it was 
■pon d>«o<)v«re<i and p«t puti also, on the Cart- 

harvesting in the old times and in the old 
places. The little field cornering into the 
woods, the grain gathered by hand, the dead 
heat of summer, the shrill cry of the insects, 
and, just a step away, the solitude and cool 
shade of the woods, so grateful after the labor 
of the burning field. While our California 
harvesting is going on in the great expanses of 
the grain counties, with herds of animals, 
crowds of men and a mazs of machinery, it is 
interesting to return in memory to the old 
"back-field," and recall its great toil and little 
triumphs. One can hardly believe euoh changes 
possible within a single lifetime. This picture 
of the past will call up many others to bear 
witness to the wonderful industrial progress 
which the present generation has achieved. 

A si'EtlAL from Washington says : Letters 
from Mexico say the government has accepted 
Captain Ead's plan for the improvement and 
enlargement of the harbor oi Vera Cruz, esti- 
mated to cost $7,500,000. The Federal and 
State governments are making arrangements for 
providing the funds, materials, etc., and actual 
work "sU be cpmin^noad «m>n«diat«ly.. 

Ensilage of Dry Fodder. 

And now an inventive genius has turned the 
silo to account in freshening up dry cornstalks, 
thus enabling the corn grower to harvest his 
crop of ears and then moisten up and make suc- 
culent the dry stalks by packing in a silo. It 
is claimed at the East that this process is 
patented. The method consists in moistening, 
wetting or saturating the dry or partly dried 
stalks and plants — such as cornstalks — before or 
after they are placed in the silo, and they are 
then packed and compressed in the silo in this 
moistened state. In carrying out this inven- 
tion, the dry or partially dried cornstalks from 
which the corn has been husked are cut into 
pieces of about three-eighths of an inch in 
length, or longer or shorter, as may be desired; 
but the stalks should always be cut as finely as 
possible. In place of cutting the stalks, they 
may be mashed or broken by rollers or other 
suitable devices, or may be reduced to small 
pieces in any other suitable manner. These 
finely cut or reduced cornstalks are to be 
packed in a silo. Before or after cutting the 
stalks, or before or after being packed in 
the silo, these finely reduced cornstalks are 
sprinkled, moistened, wetted, or saturated 
with water or steam, or each layer is wetted or 
moistened in the silo. The cornstalks are 
packed and compressed in the silo in this wet 
or moistened state. It is desirable to get all 
the water into the stalks that they will absorb 
and retain after compression by the usual 
methods of compression of ensilage in silos. 
The object to be obtained by moistening or sat- 
urating the cornstalks with water is to restore 
to them about the amount of water the stalk, 
leaves and husks have lost in maturing or by 
drying before or after being cut. The water 
absorbed by the cornstalks renders them soft 
. and succulent, and adapted to be used as forage 
and packed in a silo. 

It is claimed that the results obtained with 
this forage have been highly satisfactory in 
every respect. The dry cornstalk forage can be 
stored in the same silo with the green ensilage, 
for the green corn (ensilage) is packed into the 
silo early in the season, and settles one-fourth 
to one-third of the entire depth. The dry 
cornstalks are taken from the fields after husk- 
ing — that is, later in the season — and the silo is 
refilled with the forage prepared from the corn- 
stalks after husking the corn. 

The Resort to the Beet. 

We have received a glowing circular, in the 
French tongue, announcing that inasmuch as 
the phylloxera has destroyed the French grape 
vines and as America is now bombarding France 
with casks of grape wine, the French must fly 
to the beet to beat the American and the insect. 
We translate a paragraph : 

More than half tlie French vineyards have disappeared, 
and no one can foresee the end of the depredations. 
These losses are so great that, to speak only of alcohols, 
France, which for long years was as the reservoir of the 
entire world, becomes to day the tributary of foreign 
countries. In the presence of such disaster, a scientific 
and practical farmer bent his eners,'ie8 to the discovery of 
a substitute. It is our red beet, without a rival in the 
whole world for its incomparable qualities, that is called 
upon to supersede the vine. America, industrious 
America, is invading us on all sides. Let us resist the 
encroachments of importation with the pacific weapons of 
prosrress and civilization. The French press, the Euro- 
pean press, cannot refuse their co-operation in this work 
of national defense. In our own country, the impulse has 
been given. Our red beet has begun to penetrate every- 
where, and the news which we receive of its culture is 
most reassuring. The vegetable grows well and gives 
promise of a large return. With the object of exiending 
the propagation of this vegetable and developing the 
manufacture of beet wine and alcohol, the discoverer of 
the new industry offers to furnish, gratuitously, all agri- 
culturists whatever seeds they may require. 

The circular from which we quote is orna- 
mented with a picture of a beet, but it makes a 
sorry portrait if compared with a picture of a 
grape culture. So it may be with the product. 
It is, of course, easy enough to make alcohol 
from beet juice, but alcohol is not wine. The 
recourse to the beet seems a desperate move' 
ment. It would be batter t<' more to Amerio* 
and grow grap«ai 



[July 8, 18E2 

''Kellogg's Forest Trees of California." 

Since the days of John Evelyo, I doubt if 
there has been such a lover of trees as the now 
venerable botanist of the Pacific coast— Of. Al- 
bjrt Kellogg. For over 30 years the periodical 
literature of C alifornia has been constantly en- 
riched by his rarely felicitous deacriptions of 
her plants; and the existence of the Academy of 
Sciences, through years of struggle and poverty, 
is larfsely due to his constancy and unselfish 

Two great scientific losses have been sustained 
by California, of which little has been said in 
the newspapers. One was the Newcomb_ col- 
lection of shells, purchased by Cornell Uni- 
versity, and the other, Harry Edwards" entomo- 
logical collection, which has also gone East. 
The recent purchase and gift to the Academy of 
the Ward collection was a kind of reprisal; and 
now we hope that Dr. Kellogg's more valuable 
collections and illustrations may attract the at- 
tention of our wealthy men, and be secured for 
the perpetual benelit of our students of natural 
science. Hut this is a digression. 

The State Mining Bureau has just issued a 
small edition of apart only of Dr. Kellogg's un- 
published work upon the forest trees of Califor- 
nia, a foretaste, one may say, of the book, which 
is in every sense the scripture of the trees. 

It is characteristic of all scriptures that they 
are intensely pratical as well as grandly poetical, 
and this is even so; they carry the mind on- 
ward from form to substance, from Nature's 
types and shadows to the snblimest spiritual 

Haskin said, "No one can be far wrong in 
his temper and way of life who loves the trees 
enough, and every one is assuredly wrong in 
both who does not love them if hia life has 
brought them in his way. If human life be 
cast among trees at all, the love borne to them 
is a sure test of its purity." 

The historian of the future will relate how, 
upon discovery of the mammoth trees, branches 
and cones were sent to Dr. Kellogg, who gave 
it the name Waahingtonia giyantea. Mr. Wil- 
liam Ivobb, a botanical collector for the great 
horticultural firm of \'eitch & Sons, in England, 
who was then in California, obtained specimens 
and sent them to his employees, whereupon the 
English named it Wtllingtonia, and aa such its 
portraits and seeds were distributed throughout 
the horticultural world. After much cciit:nlion 
between the two hemispheres over thename, that 
of Sequoia,a Cherokee chief, was adopted by the 
botanists on this side of the Atlantic. 

The description of this Sequoia in Dr. Kel- 
logg's pamphlet opens significantly with these 
words from the New Testament: "If I will 
that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee?" 
a fitting preface to the life story, from birth to 
death, of the noblest tree from "which the 
Great Artist has graven upon the blue tablet of 
the skies." 

It is not uncommon to hear the age of these 
trees questioned; it is often said that the race 
is perishing from the face of the earth. But 
one author says: "The Sequoian ditches dug 
at a blow by their fall, and the tree tumuli, 
always turned up beside the deep-root bowls, 
remain, but not a vestige of one outside the 
present forests has yet presented itself, hence 
the area has not been diminished during the last 
8,000 or 10,000 years, and probably not at all 
in post glacial times; the notion, therefore, that 
this species tends to extinction more than 
others, or than the planet itself, seems absurd, 
for its vital vigor is assured in ages past and 
present, and, so far as mundane things can be, 
to come." 

Again, he takes the utilitarian side of the 
subject as a standard of comparison with other 
serviceable sons of the forest: "No known trees 
of the world compare with these and their kin, 
the redwoods, for the focussed proximity of 
such a marvelous amount of timber within lim- 
ited areas, as it were, the ne pltin ultra stand- 
ard of timber land capacity." 

One who has kept company with the Sequoias 
nntil in some measure enabled to realize their 
grandeur, will utter a fervent "Amen !" to Dr. 
Kellogg's ending of the "I-^sson of the Big 
Tree :" "Finally, in all due homage do we ac- 
cord to this great first born of the forest not 
only priority in time, but in degree of goodness 
as to (quality, pre-eminence at nearly all points 
of view; and, as to state — past, present and to 
come — whether aa to use, magnitude, dignity, 
elegance or beauty, yielding the palm of our 
forests to Sequoias; for they are indeed the 
great St. John cedars, that never grow old, 
are never decayed, nor ever diseased, and for- 
ever rallying in youthful vigor to repair their 
storm-lost crowns; never known to die a natu- 
ral death, sylvan types of the immortals." 

Readers of the "Living Way," a periodical 
that for several years redeemed our literature 
from the charge of materialism, will recognize 
the delicate touches of the teacher in the de- 
scription of the Western T^arch, which abides 
only in the cool northern counties: "Seen in 
spring, decked in pink taesels, like ripe straw- 
berries thrown over the lofty pea-green cone of 
delicate foliage — if anything so gauzy and gos- 
somery ia entitled to the dignified appelation of 
foliage, there she stands before you, the veiled 
Venus of the grove. Later on, as the season 

advances towards autumn, the foliage becomes 
yellowish green, and at length yellow when the 
year gathers her gold with the j jy of harvest. 
Nor is the tree spiritless during the winter 
months, when it becomes the type of repose and 
rest — sleep; nay, the lowest reactive symbol of 
apparent death itself, before it bnrsta into re- 
newed life with all its surprises." 

To read chapter after chapter of our "Tree 
Bible" is not as profitable as a more leisurely 
absorption of its contents. One may profanely 
wonder what tree i.he author loves best — 
whether, "were the other dear charmer away," 
his praises would be less nicely measured tj the 
subject. But in this work there is a song of 
son^s — the song of the Madrono: 

"Other trees may sleep aa quiet, waiting the 
return of the wild song bird and the renewing 
health of spring, but love's highest emblems 
never sleep; ever on the alert, she is awake 
with the new year, bringing gifts to the dear 
ones and good to all living. Laden with sha- 
greened orange and red berries, she sub-tropic- 
ally overlaps the rolling year with ceaseless 
glory. Even the fading foliage falls unobtrn- 
(■ively down, as comes still evening on in twi- 
light dews. Fading foliage, did 1 say ? Nay, 
the beautiful leaves brighten like celestial hopes 
above into every shade of hallowed gold and 
royal purple, in exchange for the natural green 
of earth. With uncovered head and due rever- 
ence in the prepence of orderly nature, we are 
prone to tarry beneath the beautiful boughs, 
and may we say it, always leave with the lin- 
gering regrets of a lover. Returning anon, be- 
hold the sky -green bark changed to deep orange, 
burning red or sober cinnamon brown, out of 
respect to autumn and the fashion of the sea- 
son. How strange the view ! What marvel of 
moods I Fascinating by every art that could 
please with ever varying beauty, could fancy 
portray a sylvan object more wonderful, more 
chaste or charming ?" 

I have ventured to quote thus liberally because 
this work ought to be read by thousands of our 
people. Only '2.")0 copies were printed. It 
should be in our tc'iool libraries, that the teach- 
ers may learn how to impart to the children 
some reverence for sylvan use and beauty. And 
ic is not tco much t) say that the risilts of Dr. 
Kellogg's life services in these pursuits should bo 
given to the world wli.e he is able to superin- 
tend their publication. 

From the great Sequoia to the infinitely lowly 
and lovely plants which make our earth carpet 
so glorious to behold, for each he has had a 
word, even as the Master spoke "of trees, from 
the cedar of Lebanon to the hyssop on the wall." 
The names which Dr. Kellogg has given to many 
of our common plants have remarkable fitness 
and beauty. "Tidy-tiis," once heard, is sure to 
suggest itself whenever the lajia appears in 
spring. The "humming-bird trumpet" glows 
along our dry canyons at this moment. 

Bat for the State Mineralogist, Mr. Hanks, 
the good beginning of this publication would 
probably not have been made. We hope the 
means of the State Mining Bureau may be suffi- 
ciently enlarged by the coming L°gislature to 
permit the co.npletioa of a work of such im- 
portance to the science of forestry, and of such 
general usefulness. Jkannk C. Carr. 

Pasadena, June 24, 1882. 

Forest Trees of California— No. 3.* 

Laurel Hawthorn, or Toyon Tree. 

(Heti roiiieliii \I'hotima] Arhutifolia.) 

"Mark the fair blornninir of the Howthorn tree. 
Finely clothed in a robe of white." H'm. linmne. 

Kindred to the renowned Rowan tree { Pints 
aueupariii ), and sacred to somewhat similar as- 
sociations, few denizens of the wild woods 
possess a greater interest than the toyon tree, 
or laurel hawthorn. A shrub or small tree 
five to 25 feet high, from a few inches to a 
foot in diameter; leaves thick and leathery, 
oblong or elliptical, lance- like, sharp at the 
ends and sometimes at the base, two to four 
inches long, half an inch or more- broad; leaf- 
stem stout and short, margins saw-toothed, the 
shallow teeth sharp, usually tipped with a 
gland, color eap-green above, and lighter yel- 
lowish green beneath. Seen abroad, along the 
sandy coast, it is more dusty and sombre; but 
massed or clumped on our hillsides, bending 
over the brow of the cliff, or perched on the 
point of rocks looking seaward, this winter- 
green shrub glows in livelier, lighter hues than 
uaks, and a thousand other surrounding foliage; 
this becomes still more conspiciously manifest 
as it climbs the dry hills, and is again altogether 
a rounded shrub. The numerous little white 
flowers, hawthorn like, or less than half an 
inch across, are in large compound clusters of a 
span or so on the ends of sturdy twigs; petals 
or flower leaves are roundish and slightly scol- 
loped, on short claws, five-toothed cup, short 
and thick, becoming still more thickened and 
imbedded on the end of the fruit, like partridge 
berries or tiny twin berry (Michel/a), huckle- 
berrie, wintegreen, etc. ; stamens, ten — two 
opposite each tooth; central styles two, more or 
less united; at length the bright scarlet berries, 
which r,\l along late summer and autumn have 
been a little turbaned, or remotely pear- 
shaped, swell out nearly globular, and 
are less oblong. These are usually about 
the size and color of wintergreen berries (Uavl- 
Iheria procumbeits). In the recent state these 
beautiful berries have but little odor, but when 

• From "The Forest Trees of California," by A. KellOfrK; 
publialicd by the State Mtniii); Bureau. State Printing; 
Office, Sacramento, 1S82. 

dry the piquant, spicy odor is exceedingly re- 
freshing; and nothing is more lasting, abiding 
still fragrant, we know not how many years, 
but apparently increasing with age. The ber- 
ries eaten from the tree have a pleasant, thorn- 
apple [Craiegus) flavor. They are parched by 
the Indians, and eaten so, or gronod and used 
as a kind of coffee, or thickened into mush, or 
made into bread, cake, or the like, when it has 
a peculiar nutty flavor. It blooms chiefly from 
June to August; yet here and there fine clusters 
of fljwers may be found at any season of the 
year. The thickly-set, laurel-like leaves extend 
close up tt>, and lesser ones in among the flow- 
ers. It fully ripens its great masses of bright 
red berries about merry Christmas, hence it is 
often called "Christmas tree," and the fruit 
"Christmas berries," in part from this coinci- 
dence, but mainly because of its universal devo- 
tion to those religious and rural adornments 
that will ever associate the concomitant Toyon 
tree with all the innocent social festivitio.s of 
that season, and of the "happy New Year." 
Vet, withal, to the unbiased eye of art, and to 
the appreciative landscape gardener, the bril- 
liant contrast, soothing warmth, and harmony 
of bright red on a background of green — ruby 
iu emerald, and at such a season of the year, 
too — will always commend this Liurel Haw- 
thorn as one of the chief ornamental charms of 
the coast. Even the faults of the formal and 
rigid become merits when they contribute to 
the winter scene an air of calm, serious still- 
ness, in peaceful keeping with the general hush 
of the great mother, while her large family is 
sleeping. Nor ia this equanimity ever dis- 
turbed at seasons claiming less attention — the 
constant gales that deform the sturdiest oaks 
and other hardy trees and shrubs, pass harm- 
lessly by the Liurel Hawthorn and the Satin- 
tassel trees, and but few besides, little, if at all, 
the worse for the fierce war waged on them 
during onr wintry summer winds. 

The bark has a cherry, or pleasant bitter-al- 
mond flavor, and possesses similar medicinal 
virtues, which, indeed, would well nigh fill a 
volume to delineate in detail. The wood, espe- 
cially the root, is highly ornamental, but has 
hitherto attracted little attention. 


The California Dried Fruit Interest. 

The following essay was read by AV. H. 
Jessup, of Haywards, at the last meeting of the 
State Horticultural Society: 

The subject chosen for discussion to-day is 
one that I hesitate to open, because I doubt my 
ability to deal with a subject of such magnitude 
and importance. But as you have honored me 
by your choice, I will not shirk the taak im- 
posed upon me, and will use my best efforts to 
do justice to the subject, for I would rather be 
instrumental in building up the fruit industry 
of this coast than to be Governor of the State. 

I shall divide my subject as follows: 

1, Dried fruit- its importance as an article of com- 
merce . 

2. lis euse and cheapness of transportation, canvenience 
of handling, etc. 

:f. Why it should be used in certain trades in preference 
to canned goods. 
4. Properly packing and grading. 
;> Honesty in packing and grading, 
(i. The best mode of arying, and best drier to use. 

Those are all questions of the greatest import- 
ance, not only to the fruit raiser, but to the 
consumer and trader as well. ISut few fully 
appreciate the importance of the trade, the 
magnitude to which it is capable of being 
brought and the many advantages we possess, 
with a climate and soil the adaptability of 
which for fruit raising is unsurpassed by any 
section of the world— the wonderful yield of 
our orchards fully compensating for the differ- 
ence in the price of labor prevailing in most 
fruit-raising countries. We are favored in the 
production of the plum, prune, apricot, peach, 
nectarine and cherry. We have enjoyed com- 
parative freedom from disease and destroying 
insect pests, like the "black-knot," curculio 
and yellows, which have laid waste the once 
productive orchards of the Eastern States. 
These circumstances are greatly in our favor, 
and we would be short-sighted, indeed, if we 
did not avail ourselves of them. 

Foreseeing, as I thought I did, the future of 
the fruit interest of California, through the ex- 
cellence of our fruits, the reliable supply that 
we are guaranteed, and the wonderful impetus 
given to the trade by the canners, induced me 
to advocate the planting of orchards, with a 
view to making fruit raising the specialty of 
California. But it is plain to be seen that the 
increasing yield of orchards coming into bearing 
is already outstripping the capacity of the can- 
ners and the trade. Vet, I would still advo- 
cate the planting of orchards and vineyards un- 
til every acre of fruit land in the State yields 
its bountiful supply of health and wealth, to 
supply not only our own 50,000,000 of popu- 
lation, but millions on the other side, if they 
could but get our fruit, which they both need 
and desire, at prices that they could afford to 
pay. And why should we advocate the further 
planting, while the canneries and the trade is be- 
ing strained to its utmost capacity to handle 
the present crop, and we see indications of 
lower ruling rates for fruita? Simply because 
wc would advocate and urge the building up of 

a trade of far more importance to the grower 
and the consumer than the fresh or canned 
fruits. The people need and desire our dried 
fruits, especially the varieties above named, if 
they can get them at prices they can afford to 
pay, otherwise they will be forced to substitute 
other food instead, as they always have done. 

Mr. Hisson, in his able paper read at our 
March meeting, on California fruit in the East, 
states that of the 49,0n0,00« people in the 
States east of us, not more than one-fourth 
could aff jrd to buy our fresh and canned fruits. 
Mr. Hixeon evidently wanted to be on the safe 
side, and consequently put the proportion far 
too high. I doubt whether one in eight of our 
own people ea^tof themountainscan, ordoee, use 
our canned or fresh fruit. On the other hand, if 
we will but dry our fine, well-ripened fruit, and 
put it on the market in merchantable condi- 
tion and in constant, unfailing supply, to meet 
the growing demand, and at prices that the 
consumer can afford to pay, it will yield a 
handsome profit to the producer and a revenue 
to the State. 

I have frequently been called a fool for ad- 
vocating fruit raising to such an extent as to 
ruin the business and make fruit not worth the 
gathering and boxing, by overstocking the 
market, and I am asked almost every day if 
there is not danger of overdoing the market, 
and that, too, by men of good judgment in 
other matters, but evidently deficient in knowl- 
edge of the laws that govern trade in the mat- 
ter of supply and demand. I uniformly answer 
them in the attlrmative, that there are three 
ways, and only three, of overdoing the market: 
Continue to put such miserable, mixed lots of 
frnit on the market that we have been 
doing, and we already have too much planted; 
put good, well-assorted, and carefully and 
neatly-packed fruit on the market at too high 
prices, and we will have but a slowly increas- 
ing and limited trade; and lastly, if we set out 
a limited and uncertain supply, we will overdo 
the trade; or in other words, the best way to 
check or kill a trade, is to have a limited and 
uncertain supply. It ia a well-understood 
pcinciple of trade that buyers always look to, 
and congregate where, the most reliable and 
abundant supply of the article sought for io 
to be obtained, and I think that no one will 
question the fact that we can, if we will, fur- 
nish that supply. 

Packinf; and Qradlng. 

It is often asserted that our dried fruit do 
not sell well, and that they do not fetch remun- 
erative prices. Is this to be wondered at? Let ua 
look at'the condition of our fruit market and see. 
Would we expect a leading merchant of Londop, 
Liverpool, New Vork or Philadelphia to take 
oar dried fruit and work up a trade in them. 
How would our boasted fruit look in those mar- 
kets, in the heterogeneous mass that it is to be 
found in here? How would it look in those fine 
establiahmentb? Mixed lots packed in gunny 
Eiacks, nail kegs and cast away egg boxet? I 
imagine that we would not feel flattered by the 
criticisms it would elicit. But our fruit is not 
to be found in distant markets, in that con- 
dition. And why? .Simply b<;cause our merchant 
overhaul, assort and repack the fruit, to give it 
a more saleable and attractive appearance, 
which the fruit raisers say, will not pay, as 
labor is too high, and that there would be no 
profit in putting that labor on it, in the or- 
chards. And yet it goes on to the market with 
the additional coat of new packages, re assort- 
ing, grading and re-packing, and the total loss 
of the original packages. How much more 
would it cost at the dry house, and at the first 
handling, to put up your fruit in neat, clean 
and uniform boxes, properly grading and classi- 
fying it, than it does to put it up in the shift- 
less and slovenly manner, in which too much 
fruit is sent to this market from the orchards? 
Now the merchant will not do this work for 
nothing. He will add a good round profit to the 
price of the fruit, or buy it enough cheaper of 
the producer to pay for the trouble and expense, 
and add this also to the profits of his invest- 
ment. And why should the fruit raiser, not 
make this profit himself, when the extra cost of 
properly drying, boxing and grading the fruit 
will not amount to more than one-half tothree- 
fonrths of a cent per pound, and it will bring 
in any market from five to ten cent<j more per 
pound, when the brands become known to be 
reliable and correct. This of itself would be 
a fair profit on the fruit. 

Mr. Hixson shows conclusively in his paper 
the profits to be made by the properly drying 
and handling of fruit over that of carelessly 
handled fruit. But I presume that some of the 
advocates of the cheap-handling system will 
deny this, and refer you to Mr. So aud So, who 
put up choice and elegant fruit, and that he 
had not received any more, as much, for it 
as some one else who had put np his fruit in a 
careless manner. This, in a measure, is, unfort- 
unately, too true, as the fruit is often sold in 
large, mixed lots, to merchants and traders 
from the mining States and Territories, and the 
commission merchant, in order to effect a aale, 
is comoelled to lower the price of the good to 
enable him to sell the poor; therefore the care- 
ful producer has to be sacrificed for the short- 
comings of his careless neighbor. 

There is no possible reason why there should 
not be the choicest dried fruit made from our 
fruits, by the great improvements lately made 
in dryers, botli in the economy of their work- 
ing and the perfection of the fruit dried. So 
fine is some of this fruit when dried and packed 
with skill and neatness that it has greatly at- 
tracted and pleased some of the leading mer- 

July 8, 1882.] 


chants of Australia, Eagland and the East, and 
they liave frequently expressed a desire to han- 
dle our fruit; but when told that we could give 
them but a few boxes, and that a future supply 
was uncertain, they lost all their interest in it. 
Sample lots of choice fruit have been taken 
East, and shown to the leading merchants, who 
have expressed anxiety to take hold of it and 
work up a trade on it at remunerative prices. 
They would ask: "How much have you of it." 
"Well, I have half a car-load." "How soon 
can you let us have more ?" The reply has al- 
ways been that we have no more, and that we 
are not sure that we can get any more; when 
the enterprising shipper would be told that he 
had better take it to Jones & Co., across the 
street, that they deal in those articles in a small 
way; that they, themselves, could not spend 
their valuable time in attempting to work up a 
trade on an article without a guaranteed sup- 
ply, neither could we expect them to do so, 
when, at the same time, they would give thou- 
sands of dollars to have the exclusive handling 
of our fine dried fruits. This is one of the great 
disadvantages of a limited supply, and one that 
we must overcome, in order to utilize the in- 
creasing yield of our orchards. 

Eas3 of TraneportatiOD. 

The ease and cheapness of transportation of 
dried fruit over that of canned is a strong point 
in its favor. But few people realize the enormous 
amount of water transported hundreds and 
sometimes thousands of miles under heavy rail- 
way charges. When we consider the enormous 
proportion of water uselessly transported under 
a high railroad tariff, we cannot wonder that 
canned goods do not go more rapidly into use, 
or that the poor cannot afford to buy them. 
When we consider that from (56% to 92% of all 
fresh fruit is water, saying nothms; about the 
liquid syrups in the cans, we cannot but wonder 
why dried fruits do not go more rapidly into 
use, and they will if we will but prepare them 
properly and put them on the market in suffi- 
cient quantity. The people want them, and we 
can, it we will, supply them. 

The great expanse of territory north, south 
and east of us unfatted for fruit or vegetable 
raising, and far removed from places where such 
luxuries can be obtained, where, if they get 
them at all, it must be by payinir high railroad 
freight and higher charges by freight teams, and 
still higher by pack-mules, and when the pur- 
chaser has finally got it at his camp, what has 
he got? Ninety per cent, of water, which every 
miner or herder has at hand. Every miner, 
prospector or herder can carry as much dried 
fruit in his knapsack or coat pocket as would 
load a Government mule if put up fresh and 
canned. Then, again, it is not so liable to 
damage, getting wet without destroying it. He 
can use as much or as little as he likes and the 
rest will not sour or spoil. 

Superior Healthfulaess of Dried Fruit. 

I think that all will agree with me that fruit 
perfectly ripened on the tree is far healthier 
than that picked hard and unripe, as most of 
the canned fruits are. As a rule, fruits are 
allowed to ripen perfectly on the tree, and this 
is of the greatest importance where drying is 
contemplated, as it gives the dried fruit a beau- 
tiful waxy appearance, and makes it more sale- 
able and healthy, rich and palatable, where, on 
the other hand, if dried green or partially ripe, 
it is tasteless, or, at the best, insipid and unat- 
tractive to the eye. To get the best results 
from fruit for drying, let it thoroughly ripen on 
the tree. 

Methoa3 of Packinsr 

The packing and grading of dried fruit is 
only second in importance to the proper and 
careful drying. As a matter of fact, perfection 
in drying is of the first importance, but with- 
out careful, neat and honest packing and grad- 
ing, all the advantage gained by perfect drying 
is lost. I question whether the fruit perfectly 
dried and carelessly or slovenly packed would 
sell as readily in the market as poorly dried 
but neatly boxed and dressed. In fact I think 
the latter would sell the quicker and for the 
better price. The importance of neat, uniform 
packages cannot be too highly estimated. It is 
poor economy for us to quibble about the cost 
of a neat box for our fine and well-dried fruit, 
costing possibly l.'j cts., the price of one pound 
of fruit, and paying, at the least, one hundred 
per cent, better profit. The French perfectly 
understand this. Neat, elaborate and expen- 
sive packages with them have become one of 
the fine arts. In 'many instances the packages 
cost more than the contents. 

It is of the highest importance that each box 
should have a top dressing of fine and perfect 
fruit. The buyer expects this, and is loth to 
buy if it is not so dressed; but he expects more 
tbau this, and justly, too. He expects to find 
in the middle and bottom of the box some of as 
choice fruit as he finds on top; or, in other 
words, he expects to find throughout the box 
a fair average, and it he does not find it, he 
contiiers himself swindled, and I think all hon- 
est men will agree withhim. Thepracticeof dis- 
honest packing in the placing of an inferior or 
worthless article in the middle or bottom of a 
package is a pernicious one, and canoot bo too 
severely condemned, and a mistaken policy on 
the part of a man who practices it, not only 
injuring himself, but innocent parties who have 
not been in the business long enough or exten- 
sively enough to establish a reputation for cor- 
rect and honest packing. As an incident of 
loss to a man of the above stamp, or, at least, 
one who departed a little from a strictly honest 
practice, I would mention a man who sent a 
choice lot of pitted plums to a commission 

house in this city. They were put up in a neat 
manner in neat clean boxes, and offered for 
sale at 16 cents. They attracted the attention 
of an up-country merchont, who, after examin- 
ing them, closed a trade, but before paying the 
bill, he requested the commission man to open 
another box. This was done, and found to 
contain unpitted plums of an inferior article. 
"Why," he said, "what is this? I thought 
they were all pitted fruit." The commissioner 
assured him that he supposed them to be as 
good as the sample. He then requested an- 
other box to be opened 01 the bottom, and, 
worse, still, the box was found to be half full 
of trash, the cleanings of the table, put under 
the ne»t and skillfully-arranged top dressing. 
The man was indignant at the attempted de- 
ception, and declined to take the fruit, stating 
that he did not want trash. The commission 
man protested his innocence, and asked the 
man what he would give for the lot. He re- 
plied that he didn't want it at any price; but, 
after some little bantering, a sale was consum- 
mated at 12 cents per lb. There were about 
50 boxes of 25 Rh., or about 1.250 ttn., making 
a loss to the packer of about .$500 — all caused 
by trying to shove ofi' about 25 or 30 ttis. of 
inferior and worthless trash, by which, if he had 
succeeded in doing, he could have made but a 
few bits at the most. Now, the question is, 
who was the loser? Had he succeeded in the 
deception, he would have gained a few cents 
and lost his reputation for honest dealings. As 
it was, he lost his money and reputation together. 
This is but one amongst hundreds of just such and 
worse cases. They are of every-day occurrence. 
Men are "cinching" themselves every day, and 
do not know it. They imajjine that they are 
escaping scot free, while they are getting away 
with the fruits of their little tricks, but they 
are the losers in the end, in the lower prices 
their goods bring in the market. These men 
are nearly all known by the regular buyers, 
especially in the fruit and potato market, and 
their products are never taken without a thor- 
ough overhauling, and if the first buyer does 
not take it, he leaves it in a disturbed and dis- 
arranged condition, when, if it sells at all, it 
sells for less, instead of more, than it was 
worth. These men never get top prices for 
their products. The commission men all under- 
stand this, but feai to tell them the cause, fear- 
ing to lose their trade; but they cannot recom- 
mend their goods. If a man has acquired a 
reputation for honest packing, his goods are 
taktn w t iout opening; or, if opened, it is 
merely to ascertain its condition or variety, 
and they always get regular top prices and make 
money. So, if we ever hope to build up a 
trade in dried fruit in this State, to use up the 
enormous surplus of fruit tnat we will assuredly 
have in the near future, we must see to it that 
our fruit is put up in a proper and honest man- 
ner, that we may be justly entitled to the repu- 
tation that we claim for the superiority of it. 

Another important item in the putting up of 
our dried fruits is the proper grading and mark- 
ing on the box the grade, No. 1, 2, 3, etc. It 
is also essential to keep the dififerent varieties 
separate, especially in plums. Those of marked 
character should always be put in different 
boxes or put with those of kindred characters. 
The Washington and .Jefferson might be mixed, 
as they are very similar in their nature and fla- 
vor. The Columbia and Coe's Goldendrops 
should be boxed separately, they being of a 
mild, rich and sugary flavor, and sweet skin. 
The Gages, a very sweet sugary plum, but with 
a very acidulous skin (which, when cooked, 
seems to predominate), might be boxed together 
as well as the red and blue varieties might also 
be mixed, as they are all, more or less, acid. 
As we have varied tastes to suit, it would be 
well to separate, as fir as possible, the fruit of 
marked charcteristics. 

The Best Drier to Use- 

I am requested to give my opinion as to the 
best drier to use. This is a question that has 
agitated those interested in the drying of fruits 
and vegetables, etc., for the last 40 years, and 
there have been thousands of dollars spent in 
experiments and numerous patents taken out, 
covering almost every principle of heat, air, 
draft and evaporation, and many of them would 
require the united efforts of three engineers, five 
Chinamen and a patent medicine man to oper- 
ate one. There are many more of very little 
practical use, but they nearly all make good 
fruit, if carefully managed and properly handled; 
but that is no recommendation for them if they 
cannot be operated with profit. The ob- 
ject sought after in evaporators (or, 
more properly, desiccators) is economy in 
labor and fuel — or the cheapest dryer that will 
turn out the greatest amount of dried fruit for 
the least money. The best drier is the one 
that can furnish the greatest volume of rapidly- 
moving hot air for the least money, with some 
shield or protection over the discharge to de- 
flect the direct rays of heat from the lower trays 
of fruit, to avoid burning or scorching. Abun- 
dance of hot air and a powerful draft are the 
two great essentials of a drier, and, in what- 
ever drier those can be obtained, I will guar- 
antee success. The excellence of the Alden 
dried fruit is well known, but all of them that 
I have seen have objections. The liability of 
scorching or burning the fruit, the cumbersome 
construction, requiring skilled labor to operate 
it. The trays of fruit have to be elevated by 
the aid of an endless chain by the turning of a 
crank ; and, if a tray of large fruit is sent up 
with trays of small on, thinly sliced, the light 
fruit will come out too dry or the heavy tco 

green, and the latter carried down to the lower 
story and sent through again. The difficulty 
of getting at and removing or changing a 
tray when necessary is a serious objection. 
I have examined all the driers that I 
have seen, and in none of them could I 
find what I thought enough to warrant 
successful and profitable drying until last year. 
I saw the Plummer drier and examined it care- 
fully, and although not perfect by any means, 
but coming nearer perfection than any that I 
had seen, I concluded to try it, and had a small 
family drier of 15 trays, three feet square, 
put up late in the season, when I had sold 
nearly all my fruit, plums and prunes. With 
this small drier I dried nearly .$500 worth of 
plums and prunes, of fruit that was too ripe for 
the canners or the market, and which would 
otherwise have been a total loss, and 
this, too, from not more than four acres 
of orchard. I never saw finer dried fruit. 
Every article of it took the first premium at 
the State fair. 

When at the State fair I came across the 
Burns' fruit drier, which, in my judgment, 
covers all the objections of the Plummer and 
other driers, the lower tray and fruit being 
shielded from the direct rays of heat from the 
furnace by deflectors, which also catch all the 
drippings from the fruit, which in other dryers 
fall on the furnace and heaters, and which after 
drying takes tire and burns, injuring and smok- 
ing the fruit. Also, by the arrangement of 
Barns' trays the hot air passes around 
and over the fruit, which gives free passage to 
the vapor-laden air, which precludes the possi- 
bility of choking up the draft, which often oc- 
curs with the Plummer under its present con- 
struction. Mr. Burns, also, has complete con- 
trol of his furnace heat, having a simple ar- 
rangement by which he can shut off the heat 
from as many or as few chambers as he may 
desire and hold it in store for future use, and 
he utilizes all his heat by conducting the fur- 
nace heat and smoke as well as the hot vapors 
from the fruit chambers, through hollow tables, 
on which he puts the fruit from the trays, as a 
finishing and sweating process. For perfect 
working, economy and simplicity, in my judg- 
ment, the Burns drier leads the van. I was so 
perfectly satisfied of this that I bought the 
county right, with a view to running it and not 

These driers are also so constructed that 
chamber after chamber can be added to the 
drier without any alteration whatever, and 
made of any desired size. 

The time is now at hand when the owner of 
every orchard should have a drier of sufficient 
capacity to dry his surplus and over-ripe fruit, 
and there is not a three-acre orchard in the 
State of good plums and prunes that could not 
pay for a $200 drier in one year with the cleai 
profits of it. We must have driers to stand be- 
tween us and the canners. Already there are 
indications of their getting more fruit than they 
can handle. And there is indications of a 
downward tendency in the price of fruit. If 
the canners do not increase their capacity next 
year, and we should have a proportionally large 
crop, fruit will drop below a paying basis, and 
in that case, driers must go up or orchards must 
go down. 

W. B. West, of Stockton : I have had some 
experience in fruit drying, and it has not been 
a good one. I have always had a desire to dry 
fruit. A long time ago, I bought the county 
right of a little fruit drier. I found it too 
small and there was no profit. I find, as a 
general thing, that they are laid up after a short 
time. They are a very good thing, but peo- 
ple don't run them very long. Last year, Mr. 
Plummer came round, and, by the way, I am 
always unfortunate in those things. I bought 
one of those. I have had driers enough. It 
is a good thing in a large orchard, where the 
drier uses his refuse fruit. Most of those pres- 
ent bought them this year, and they believe in 
what Mr. Burns and Mr. Plummer have told 
them. The proper way is to run it a few years, 
and then see how your cash stands. In the 
first place, they tell you, you can get 20 fts. of 
apricots to the hundred. Now, you get about 
14. I have nothing to say against the fruit 
that I dried. It sold very well. I got first- 
rate prices, but it didn't pay expenses of run- 
ning a year. I got 25 cents for the best apri- 
cots, and 22 cents for the poorest. For un- 
peeled peaches, I got 18 cents, remarkably good 
prices. They looked nicely and were packed 
nicely. I didn't find any profit. 1 hope some 
of these folks that have dried fruit and put it 
on the market will give us their experience. I 
bought a good deal of my fruit;' some of it, 
tiowever, grew on my ranch. I dried our Sul- 
tana raisins. I found they were nicer, and 
really better than any dried out doors. I found 
apricots were worth, sundried, 12 and 14 
cents. When dried in a drier, 22 and 24 cents. 
The prune can be dried equal to the French, 
even in driers, by shutting up the draft and 
keeping them in their own steam. The French 
dry their prunes in ovens, take them out to 
cool and turn over and put them in again, using 
heat about 112" to 200". 

W. H. Jessup: In drying prunes last year, 
they yielded from .SO lbs. to .3.S lbs. to the 
100. But it makes a great difference in the 
average yield, where they are green; whether 
they are large or small, the pits in small fruit 
being equally as large as in large fruit. If a 
greater portion of the •^, eight is in the pit, that 
dries out but very little and greatly increases 
the average yield from the green fruit. Now, in 
the large, the weight being in the flesh, the 

moisture would be evaporated and give us a 
less yield of dried fruit. But I can't see why 
there is no profit in drying fruit in the orchard. 
In most of the large orchards we have fuel 
enough to run a drier from the prunings. It 
requires but little fuel. 

We are frequently asked, "How long will it 
take to dry fruit?" One fruit has more moist- 
ure than another. The latter will dry in half 
the time of the former. If the skin of the 
fruit is so tough that it will not burst readily, 
tha vapors cannot be dried out until they do 
burst. You may take some varieties and they 
will dry, under the same degree of heat, quicker 
than others. You might answer that question 
by getting the result from each of the varieties 
you are drying. 

.1. M. Hixson: So far as the different kinds 
of driers, I shall not say anything about that. 
Any of them are an improvement on sun dry- 
ing. As regards the quantity that can be made, 
I may remark that Dr. Jar vis, of Riverside, 
has dried large amounts of apricots. He told 
me that he had experimented in three different 
stages of ripeness. It took four pounds and 
four ounces to make a pound of the dried fruit. 
.John A. Day, of San Bernardino, sets it dowa 
at four pounds of the green to one of the dried. 
Mr. Hatch says five pounds to the pound. If 
it takes as many as Mr. West says, it is a very 
different thing. 

I have this to say: We have got to dry our 
fruit by some mode of evaporation in order to 
go into the Eastern markets. I got a letter 
yesterday from one of the largest houses in 
Chicago, and they wanted to know if we could 
furnish 500 boxes, of 25 lbs. each, of peeled 
peaches at the same price as last year. Last 
year they paid 25 cents a pound. They also 
wanted 500 boxes. 25 and 50 Ibj. each, of prunes. 
A house in St. Louis wants plums, pitted and 
unpitted, and pears cut lengthwise, evaporated. 
If we want to get our fruit into Chicago, Cin- 
cinnati, Baltimore, and all those cities, we 
must have "evaporated" fruit. We can do but 
little in New York. We cannot compete with 
the French fruit. The consequences are, trade 
in New York is very limited, except for peeled 
peaches, apricots and nectarines. But in all 
the West, South and Middle States they want 
our fiuit, if put up properly, and at prices 
which are very remunerative to the farmer. 

In regard to peaches, I would certainly ad- 
vise our people this year to peel the peaches. 
The crop in the southwest is very heavy, and 
that includes Kentucky, Tennessee, North Car- 
olina and Georgia. They don't raise them in 
large enough quantities to make it worth 
while to peel them. But every house- 
wife dries whatever peaches she may 
have. We must peel our peaches. We had an 
order for 4,000 pounds of peeled peaches, for 30 
cents a pound, in Chicago. We found about 
700 pounds of peeled, but enough unpeeled to 
till this room. While peeled peaches went out 
of market at 35 cents a pound, peaches with 
peelings on were worth 4:^ to 5.^ cents, which 
was a vast difference. 

There is another matter, and that is our pears. 
Large amounts of them are not fit for shipping 
green; canners do not use tiiem; they are al- 
most worthless to send to our market here. If 
you dry those pears, cut as an apple, peeled 
and ringed, they are worth about 7 cents, a 
pretty fair price. Take them and peel them, 
and cut them lengthwise, and they are worth 15 
cents. Why is this ? The reason is this: They 
take those pears and put them in a vessel, add 
a little sugar, make a little syrup, and dish 
them out as dessert, in place of canned fruit. 
If they are ringed, they are dried pears, and 
nothing more. 

There is another item, that grows very abun- 
dantly in our country. That is the blackberry. 
To sun-dry a blackberry it don't amount to any- 
thing. If you take them and dry them in an 
evaporator, you have a fruit two-thirds as big 
as the green fruit. They also are used in place 
of canned fruit. 

In regard to boxing, Mr. Hatch, Mr. Jessup 
and myself were a committee on boxes, and did 
not agree. I think the time will come when we 
must have a uniform box to have it profitable 
to store in cars, etc. Another important item 
is the weight of that box. We have them from 
Marysville that hold 60 lbs. which weigh less 
than 6 lbs. They usually weigh from 9 to 12 
tt)3. In shipping at two cents a pound, freight, 
that is quite an item. 

In reply to the question as to whether there 
was any disposition on the part of the railroad 
company to reduce the rates, Mr. Hixson said: 
I told Mr. Huntington about a man who wanted 
to engage 25 carloads of potatoes, but at pres- 
ent rates of freight there was no profit. He 
said: "We must get you lower rates." Our 
amount of fruit has been so small that there is 
no object to the railroad company, but let them 
know that we have enough to ship and we can 
get better rates. 

I saw the other day an account of sales of 
cherries in Chicago. They sold at $4.20 and 
S4..30 per 10 tb. boxes. 

I don't know that the railway will give us 
better rates on dried fruit. On canned fruit 
we have a uniform rate. It makes no diflfer- 
ence whether we send 20 cases or 10 carloads. 
On anything else the increase is very consider- 
able, except raisins. These are .$1.50 per hun- 
dred pounds by the carload, md .'51.75 by small 

Mr. James Shinn: Did you investigate the 
subject of canned goods as well as dried goods? 

Mr. Hixson: I had an occasion to do that. 
I had samples of home-made canned goods. I 
(Continued on Page 25.) 



[July 8, 1882 

Correspondence on Grange principlee and work and re- 
ports of transaction* of subordinate Onugeiue respectfully 
folicited for this department. 

How to Remedy Existing Evils. 

The only hope for relief rests with the I'atrons 
of Husbandry. They are ijuiet, peaceful, law- 
abiding citizens, having no sympathy with so- 
cialistic, communistic or monopolistic elements, 
bub desire equal and exact justice to be die- 
tributed upon merit and right to all mankind. 
Nowhere are the fundamental principles of just 
government, the rights of the people, the true 
relationship of our varied interests in the Na- 
tion, the dnty we owe to each other, the im- 
portance of protecting every legitimate interest 
in its rights, political economy and its advan- 
tages, yes, even the science of government to a 
free people, so well taught as in the Grange, not 
even in the best schools and colleges of the land. 
The Order is founded upon the principle of 
justice to all men, giving to all a fair and equal 
chance in the race of life, waging no warfare 
against any legitimate interest or useful pur- 
pose, antagonizing only error and corruption, 
seeking to remove errors and evils that now 
exist, and to prevent like occurrences in the 
future. ■ . ^ . ♦ . , 

Let every farmer identify himself with the 
Grange nearest his residence, and then attend 
these Grange or farmer's schools, and educate 
himself upon the principles and questions there 
considered; you will then exert an influence for 
good with yoar| associates in the political party 
with which you act, and in every department 
of life. More than one-half of our population 
a-e farmers, and when thus educated for good, 
will produce satisfactory results. 

But bear in mind that our influence is in pro- 
portion to our intelligence; hence it is abso- 
lutely necessary that we understand the evils 
of which we complain, their causes and efTect, 
where they exist and how to remove them. 
And nowhere except in the (xrange can the 
farmer learn to fully understand his interest 
and true condition as a farmer and a citizen, 
and the methods of co-operation with his 
brother farmer for relief, for it is not taught 
anywhere else. 

1 therefore appeal to every farmer to give a 
candid and prayerful thought to this subject. 
Consider your condition for the present and 
that of your family for the future, your duty to 
yourself and to them, and then decide and act 
wisely your part as a farmer, as a parent, as an 
American citizen. Vou may be advised to keep 
out of the Grange. A Gould, a Vonderbilt, or 
a demagogue would advise you to do that ; and 
the advice, though made by another, it is //ifir 

Farmers, we must make our choice, either to 
unite and make our own organization what it 
promises to do, to educate and elevate us as a 
class and free us from injustice and error, or 
clearly demonstrate to the world by our isola- 
tion from our Order that we are not capable of 
self-government, and are dependent on our 
masters to govern us. I now leave the subject 
with you for you to make your own selection. 
"Which will you choose? H. E.sbji.\u<iii, 
r>ecturer National Grange. 

The Grange in Oregon. 

From the IVIllamette Fnrrtf r we learn that 
the Grange in our sister commonwealth is pro- 
gressing steadily and surely. There is an ac- 
• ount of a union meeting in Wa3hiDgton county, 
from which we ijuote: 

Present at this meeting were some visiting 
members from other Granges in \\'asbineton 
county, and there seemed to be perfect harnTony 
(.ud union in all their planF. The intention is 
to soon organize a Business Council, composed 
•if live delegates from each (Jrange, who shall 
meet and arrange to establish a co-operative 
hnsinesB agency to attend to purchasing ma- 
chinery and 8 ipplie', and sale of all productf. 
The success of the Business Council of the Linn 
( 'ounty Granges stimulates other counties to do 
likewise. No doubt a considerable sum can be 
saved by similar goud management. Though 
the Grange is not nearly as numerous in Wash- 
ington county as it should be, it numbers many 
influential farmers in its ranks who appreciate 
what the Order can do to elevate the social 
standard, and give information on farming mat- 
ters by exchange of ideas. They also under- 
Rtand that to make the Order popular and ac- 
ceptable it must accomplish results and yield 
pecuniary advantages. So they propose to see 
what union and co-operation can effect in the 
way of business. The (irange in Oregon has 
learned not to attempt too much, as that has 
already proved disastrous, but with experience 
for a guide, there is no reason why the Order 
should not increase and become a decided 
means of good. 

Granoe Eeunion. — Washington Grange, in 
San .loa^iuin county, had a reunion meeting 
.lune 17 th, at which delegations were present 
from Stockton, Klliott, Lodi, Plymouth and 
other Granges. There was a splendid harvest 
feast, addresses on various enbjects and a pleas- 
' -it time generally. 

Subjects for July Meetings. 

i/ueetion 12— What lias the Order of Patrons of Hue 
baiidry accomplished as an or^anization'r 

Suggestions — It has collected tens of thou' 
sands of farmers and their families, from every 
section of our country, into a fraternal organiza- 
tion for social and intellectual improvement, for 
moral elevation and financial advancement. It 
is leading its members from the accustomed 
isolation of farm life into social culture, and it 
educates them in the science of agriculture, in 
business, trade, political economy and the 
affairs of Government. This enables us to deal 
j jstly with all interests, and to better protect 
our own rights from the greed of seldsh monop- 
lies, and thereby secure the just rewards of our 
own labor and the legitimate proiits of oar own 

Question 13 - What are the duties of otflcers and mem 
bers in tlie subordinate Grange'/ 

Suggestions — It is the duty of all to attend 
the meetings of the Grange, It is by a full at- 
tendance that the most good is accomplished; 
there is no co operation where the many are 
absent. It is the duty of the Lecturer to be 
prepared at every meeting, where time will ad- 
mit, to introduce the subject to be considered 
at that meeting, whether of local or national 
importance, give his views and invite discus- 
sion. It is the duty ot the Master to see that 
this is done. It is the duty of every member 
to aid in the discussion, speak upon the ques 
tion, or read essays or selections upon the sub- 
ject under consideration. Wherever this is the 
practice, there do we find prosperous (iranges, 
and Grange principles appreciated. 

"Clear Lake and Calistoga" 

The Clear Lake and Calistoga Stage route has 
become a very popular one for health and 
pleasure seekers going to the many springs and 
other resorts in Like county, and lately the 
stages to Likeport have been well filled 
Anderson, Harbin, Adams, Howard, Siegler, 
(iordon, Bartlett, Highland and Pierson 
springs. Soda Bay, Blue Lakes, Middletown, 
Lower Like, Sulphur Banks, Kelseyville, Lake- 
port, Great Western and Oat Hill and other 
quicksilver mines are all reached by the popular 
stage line under the veteran management of 
W. F. Fisher, whose head(juarters are at his 
Lodi stables, Calistoga. The route from San 
FranciEco to Calistoga is a delightful one, tak- 
ing the Central Pacific liailroad ferry to Oak- 
land, along the eastern shore of the bay, passing 
Berkeley, San Pablo, to the X'allejo landing; 
across the Straits of Carquinez, with tine marine 
and distant mountain views; passing \ allejo, 
with Mare Island and its Government works in 
view; up the valley to Napa; thence pass the 
thrifty towns of Napa valley and through its 
rich fields of grain, vines and orchards, bordered 
on the east side by bills clothed in rich verdure, 
with a top fringe of evergreen trees, picturesque 
in the extreme as they face the traveler in bold 
relief in front of their skyward home. The 
stage from Calistoga passes a mile or two across 
the valley and immediately begins the ascent of 
Mt. St. Helena, and for five miles up to the 
summit of the ridge, and down the mountain 
pass a like distance, the scenery is grand and 
picturesque in qualities rarely equalled or ex- 
celled elsewhere. .Still farther and higher over 
Cobb mountain to Clear Lake and Lakeport — 
and, in fact, throughout most parts of Like 
county — the roads abound with grand scenery 
a id delightful views of charming brookp, lakes 
or meadows. 

There will be good indacements in the way 
of tiaisportation facilities at the State fair. 

The Central I'aciBc railroad company will carry all arti- 
cles and animals exhibited at the fair o\er its reBpci-ti\e 
routes, free of charge, under the following ru'ea: Char;;e8 
will be collected for llie lranii|iortation to the fair. After 
exhibition, the articles, if consigned direct to original 
ahipping point, and the ownership ha-^ not changed, will 
bp returned tree; and the charges paid for transportation 
to the fair aiII be refunded by the railroad agent at des- 
tination, upon presentation of the .Secretary's certificate 
of exhibition a^id surrender of the expense bill for trcitrht 
charcres paid at Sacramento. Charges for green fruits and 
\egetabU8 consigned to the fair for exhibition will lie re- 
funded, whether the articles tre returned to the original 
shipping point or not. Such freight wil' be sent to Sac- 
ramento, and charges collected upon delivery at that 
point. If the freight is returned to the original shipping 
point, it will be treated precisely the same as other frei;rht. 
If not returned, the expense bills for charges paid goinir 
to the f*ir, together with a certificate from the Secretary 
of the Board showing the g- ois to have been exhibited at 
the fair, should be presented to the agent of 'he Central 
Pacific railroad company at Sacramento, who will refund 
the charges collected. The same comj-any will issue ex- 
cursion tickets to all parties going to the fair and return- 
ing, at about half price. 

At A.vderson Springs, Lake county, the 
season so far has been a very lively one. Sev- 
eral new cottages, added to the place since last 
season, have been substantially filled with ge- 
nial and home like guests. The hotel and its 
surroundings have also been decidedly im- 
proved, making the place more than ever desir- 
able to those who appreciate good home living, 
unadulterated with worse than useless fictions 
and fashions. Dr. Anderson, his mother, and 
suveral sisters, proprietors of the Springs, give 
their personal attention to the place. They 
contemplate further important improvements 
another season. 

Whitelaw Keit) and family are coming to 



Editor.s Press:— I will, according to prom 
ise, give you a few jottings from this part of 
the country. The past winter was of unusual 
severity — in fact, it was one of the hardest 
within the memory of the "oldest inhabitant." 
The winter held on until very late, so much so 
that the season for putting in grain was short 
ened up to two or three weeks. The grass 
crop looks first-rate all over the country, and 
the prospects for good hay crops have never 
been better. The grain in Sierra valley looks 
well, although very late. The dreaded "hop- 
pers" are threatening serious damage about 
Beckworth, having batched out in countless 
inillioDS. Ab^ut the "Adam's Neck," which is 
near the Beckworth pass, they are very bad, 
so much so that they will take all the grain, 
and a good part of the hay crop. The balance 
of the valley is comparatively free from the 
curse, and it is to be hoped that tlie farmers 
will be permitted to get one more harvest. The 
dairymen are doing very well, considering the 
lateness of the season, as bnf'ter has an upward 
tendency, being a little stiffer in the market 
than is usual at this time of the year. Cattle 
are scarce and high this spring, beef being 8 
cents per pound on foot, and all kinds of stock 
cattle and cows are high. The outlook forfiuit 
in this valley ( Honey Like) is only moderate, 
as the early frosts did serious damage to the 
plums and peaches; bnt the apples and pears 
promise a good crop. The grain crop here is 
only medium. The season being so late and wet 
has caused the weeds to grow up very badly, 
and choke the grain out. The farmers here are 
all getting ready to go to baying, and things 
will be going in full blast shortly after the 
"Fourth." I will give yon some further jot- 
t ngs in the future. — Geo. W. Freeman, 
Jaynesville, .luly .3. 

NiETOs NoiKS. — Editor.'! From the 
appearance of the correspondents' page in the 
Kural, I think that it is time some one con- 
tributed a line. The Ri ral has for a long time 
so well written up those parts that I thought it 
useless for my pen to "dip in." One of my 
neighbors says that it is because I can't find 
anything to growl about, that I don't write. 
Very well. If the fact be told, news already 
printed, and no one aiming to steal a little cheap 
advertisement through the correspondents' page, 
what have I to do? Only to say nothing — same 
as I have been saying. This year is a benefit to 
the small farms of Nietos. About half of our 
irrigable land was sown to barley in .January, 
and has already turned olT a heavy crop. Now, 
said land is being planted to corn. This tries 
the land, to be sure, but Nietos is destined in 
the near future to be an orchard and vineyard; 
so here goes this year to get all the grain out of 
l;he soil that is in it for one year, and then for a 
long rest. Keal estate in Neitos is steadily on 
the advance. A few acres set to trees and vines, 
and an acre or two to alfalfa, and the 
bulls and bears of the outside markets 
bring no trouble to the breikfast table. Dairy- 
ing, on a small scale, is much on the iacrease 
here of late. For the cheese interest, the Hol- 
stein cattle are being brought to the front. 
For bntter, Baretto's "pocket cattle," as we 
call them here (.Jersey), are worrying well to 
the front. Mr. Baretto is said to have taken 
some of them to some of our fairs in bis over- 
coat pocket. However this may be, they make 
the butter all the same. Dr. Wol^ of Downey 
City, put a three-quarter bred Jersey — three 
years old — to the test not long since, resulting 
in IT lt<!. of butter for one week. So trot out 
your sizible cattle against the pocket pieces. 
Our bees are in splendid condition, as a general 
thing; but our little "Wisdoms" seem to act as 
though the honey flow is yet to come, as they 
persist in making brood yet, entering the uppi r 
or honey apa.'tment with their reproduction 
plans, more than to try to store honey. Our 
bee men have learned to put the honey into the 
can (not on paper), and then sell it. So with 
their creditors, too. Honey in prospect used to 
sell readily, but now it brings most money in 
packages ready for table use. However, the 
prospect for a good yield of honey this year is 
now on us, but the honey is not in cans much, 
up to date. Hay and barley dealers tried to 
get out the impression that we were very short 
in Los Angeles county for home demand even, 
but we now conclude that we have plenty and 
to spare. Our neighbors, San Bernardino and 
San Diego counties, have quite a surplus this 
year, and this tends to quiet us as to the Ariz^tna 
market. Our dry season has starved out several 
of our "real estate" hawks, as times are now 
enabling most of our people to get along with- 
out creditors, bankers and real-estate hawks, 
seeking whom they may deceive, and then de- 
vour. — Geo. Kay Miller, Fulton Wells (our 
new P. O.). 

I{aisin.s. — Santa Ana Cor. Mirror : We un- 
derstand Meade & Co., of San Francisco, want 
to contract to buy all the raisins of this section 
in the sweat boxes and pack, and brand them 
in San Francisco. Our raisin manufacturers 
will not, of course, consent to any such propo- 
sition. They are putting up tine raisins, and 
they should have all the credit for the same. 

Value.s, — We visited a 20-acre orchard a few 
days since, which is held at a valuation of 
$16,000, or $800 per acre, and is cheap at that. 
And it is but five years since the place was bnt 

a sheep range, not worth for the purposes for 
which it was utilized, five dollars per acre. 
From this circumstance one may get a little 
idea of the rapid advance in country property 
in this county. In this individual case the a)>- 
preciation is probably above the average, but 
the average is astonishingly large. And the 
future advance above the present ( verage will 
be as conspicuous above the present as has been 
the change in the past. 


ConuN Moth TRAr.--Gras8 \ alley Tidin^n: 
The arrangement is very simple, and consists of 
tin cans baited with vinegar or very hard cider 
that has been sweetened with sugar or molasses. 
These traps so baited are distributed (the more 
the better) throughout the orchard. In the 
night time the codlin moth and other moths go 
to the trap and got caught in the sweetened 
cider. He te'Is us that he has already cap- 
tured many of the codlin variety of moths. He 
made the discovery that moths would go to such 
a bait last summer, wheu he left a lot of apple 
pomace out over night without pressing. Next 
morning the moths had gathered thick upon the 
pomace. Try this trap; there is no patent on it 
and it is cheap. 


Canned Cherries — Herald: At the San 
Jose fruit packing factory 175 hands are em- 
ployed canning cherries, of which nearly 
100,000 cans have been put np there during the 
season. At the Clolden Gate factory nearly 300 
hands are employed on the same fruit. Over 
60,000 cans of cherries have been put up at the 
latter place during the year. Currants also 
are now being canned there. At both places 
cherries will give place next week to apricots, 
and the factories will continue running till Oc- 
tober. The crop of cherries this year has been 
larger than that of last season. Prices at the 
factories range from 4 to 5f, cents per pound. 


Tai.l Oat.s. — Democrat: We have a sample 
of oats in our office that was grown on W. R. 
Stewart's farm on Stillwater, known as the 
"Gray Kick ranch," that beats anything in the 
growth of grain we have seen in many a day. 
The bunch left here as a sample measures nearly 
eight feet in length, and the straw is fine and 
will make excellent hay. Mr. Stewart's whole 
field of oats w-U average with the sample. The 
heads are plump and well tilled. He calculates 
to cut three and a half tons of hay to an acre 
from this field. Undoubtely this is the best 
field of oats in the country, but we are told 
that all the grain on Stillwater this year will 
make a very large crop. The north winds don't 
seem to have any effect at all on the crops in 
this part of the country. 

Grasshopi'kks. — Greenville BulUlin: All 
doubt about the grasshopper plague in Sierra 
valley this season is now at an end so . far as 
there appearance is concerned; the only ques- 
tion now is, will any part of the valley escape 
their ravages? At present what is known as 
Adams' neck and the island are sufl'ering the 
most. The farms of Steiner Lathrop, Turner 
Dyson, Wherrity and Huntly are covered by 
vast swarms that may at any moment spread to 
others. The people are now doing all in their 
power to destroy these pests by burning them 
with straw, dragging planks over the ground, 
plowing and all else that can be thought of. 
Against the vast multitudes of these indects all 
such efforts are nearly vain; their number is not 
perceptibly diminished by all that human be- 
ings can do. Until the conditions favorable to 
their reproduction are changed, or they are as- 
sailed by some enemy more numerous than 
themselves, no relief need be expected. 


EIahi.v VRrns, -DtUa, June 24: Samples 
of apricots and peaches from the many oichards 
of the Mussel Slough district have given a good 
opportunity to judge of the dates of the ripen- 
ing in this valley of these early fruits and of 
their good qualities. Among those who have 
promising young orchards are Messrs. Green, 
wood, Bradley & Sullivan, Blowers, Thouatrup, 
Ileeves, Fowler, Scazighini, Sanborn and ^ oak- 
um, near Grangeville; Messrs. Docker, Shore 
and Moore, near Lanioore; and Messrs. -I. H. 
Dopkins, Troxler, Butler, Horace .lohnson, 
Hicks and C. W. Talbot, near Hanford, The 
very first ripe fruit from these orchards brought 
into Hinford this summer were the small but 
well-flavored apricot known as the Breda, and 
^Vood's F.irly, from J. Thoustrup's handsomely 
improved place near (iraugeville. The first of 
these were pulled June 1 h, just before the first 
shipment of the same varieties arrived from 
San Francisco. From Mr. Thoustrup we learn 
that the following larger kinds of apricots ripen 
this season about the following dates. 
The Shipley or Blenheim is now ripeniug about 
the third week in June; the Koyal will ripen 
about the fourth week in June, and the Moor- 
park, or large yellow apricot, will ripen about 
the first week in July. Some seasons all of 
these varieties ripen earlier. The present sea- 
son has been very backward, almost a month 
behind, not only for grain, but for vegetation 
generally. Of peaches, the first of Briggs' 
Eirly May ripened from June 12th to 20th, in 
the orchards of Mr. Thoustrup, Dr. Bradley and 
there, near Grangeville, and of J. H. Dopkins 
and C. W. Talbot, near Hanford, and the first 
Waterloo peaches on Geo. Iteeves' place, near 
Grangeville, about the same time. The Gov- 
ernor Garland, a handsome red cling from the 
Southern States, began to ripen in Mr, Blower's 

July 8, i88a.3 

TMl PAOlfie 


orchard about the fourth week in June, In 
this connection we may also mention of other 
fruits, that Red June apples began to ripen at 
Mr. Thoustrup'e the third week in June, and 
black raspberries at Dr. Bradley's about the 
same time. Mr. Thoustrup^lso had Chicasaw 
plnms ripe the middle of June. All raspberry 
and blackberry bushes, which grow here with 
the greatest luxariance, are loaded down with 
fruit; indeed, they cannot yield better any- 
where in quantity and quality. 


First Fruit From the East. — Sacramento 
Bee, June 21 : The first carload of California 
fruit for this season left for the East at noon to 
day, from Marysville. It will connect with the 
overland express at Roseville to-night, and will 
go on through by express to Chicago. It is con- 
signed to one of the largest fruit houses in the 
United States — Messrs. W. H. Peaccck & Co. — 
by their Western representative, Mr. Edwin T. 
Eirl, and consists of plums, pears, peaches and 
apricots from the Briggs and Miller orchards. 
The fruit was all packed in boxes holdmg 20 
lbs. each. It consists of apricots, Bartlett pears, 
peaches and plums. Each fruit was wrapped in 
a piece of paper, and the boxes were made so as 
to admit the air freely. The car contained 
about 800 boxes. They were packed in tiers, 
and each box was nailed to a strip of wood ex- 
tending across the car. The packing was done 
in such a way that an air space surrounded each 

Stacking Grain. — A system of stacking grain 
by means of derricks and nets is coming into 
use on large ranches in this section. There was 
noticed on the Berg Bros, ranch, in Sutter 
county, yesterday, a stack 45 ft. square and 25 
ft. hign, which had been made by this method. 

Thoroughbred Stock. — A special train of 
four cars containing thoroughbred horses be- 
longing to Leland Stanford passed through this 
city on Tuesday night, going north. The des- 
tination of the stock was Stanford's ranch, in 
Tehama county. 

Notice to Respect the Rivers' Purity. 

Marysville, June 26. — The following is fur- 
nished the press for publication : 

To tfir pfli-ftous and corporation)^ rngaged in hydraulic 
mining vjion tin: Yiilia and Bear ricere: As Ihe duly 
authorized repreaentalives of the citizens of Maryeville 
and of the Sacramento Valley Anti-Debris Association, 
we renpectfully call your attention to the fact that yuur 
assumed rigrht to use the l)cd9 of said rivers as a place for 
the deposit of your mining debris has been denied after a 
long and patient trial before a judge of your own choice, 
in the teat case aftainst the Gold Run Mining Co. In view 
of this, it becomes our clear right and duty to demand, 
and we hereby demand, of you that within 15 days from 
thin date you cease to deposit your mining debris in said 
rivers or their tributary streams, and we hereby notify 
you that a refusal to comply with this reasonable and law- 
ful demand will oblige the parties injured by you to re- 
sort to the Courts for appropriate redress. 


Mayor of the city of Marysville. 

C. S. Skxhv, 

President of Sacramento Valley Anti-Debris Association. 
Marysville, June 26, 18b2. 

ThkRailroads Must PayLh ensb. — Depart- 
ment I of the Supreme Court rendered an 
opinion Wednesday, affirming the judgment 
of the court below in the case of Los Angeles 
vs. the Southern P.icitic Railroad company. 
The action was brought to recover |420 for 
license tax for the months of .January to July, 
1881, inclusive, under Section 5, Article II, of 
the charter of Los Angeles, empowering the 
Mayor and Council to license the carrying on 
of certain businesses. Among the licenses es- 
tablished by ordinance is the following: "For 
every steam railroad company having a depot 
in said city, $60." The opinion concludes as 
follows: "It (the defendant railroad) is inter- 
ested in many police expenditures, and may as 
reasonably be charged a local license a:^ may 
those engaged in other businesses. " 

TheMendocino Wool Growers — TheUkiah 
Dispatch says that at a meeting of the 
stockholders of the Mendocino Wool Grow- 
ers' Association held on Saturday last, 
the Directors were instructed to ar- 
range for grading the wool now in the ware- 
house. In accordance therewith, the Directors 
met on Tuesday of this week and instructed the 
Secretary to procure a grader at once. The as- 
sociation has arranged with the bank of Ukiah 
to make liberal advances upon warehouse re- 
ceipts, at 10% interest, and we have no doubt 
many will avail themselves of the offer and ship 
their wool to the East. 

A New Sounding Apparatus — A Russian 
naval officer has invented an ingenious apparatus 
for ascertaining the depth of the sea without the 
use of a costly and heavy line. Indeed, no line 
at all is used. The instrument consists of a 
piece of lead, a small wheel with a contrivance 
for registering the number of revolutions, and 
a float. While the apparatus sinks the wheel 
revolves, and the registered revolutions indicate 
the depth. When the bottom is reached, the 
lead becomes detached, the float begins to act, 
and the machine shoots up to the surface, where 
it can easily be fished up by a net and the 
register read o£r. 

Advices from Marseilles say the French Medi- 
terranean EquadroD, consisting of ironclads, has 
been ordered to be in readiness to proceed to 
Egypt in the event of necessity. Transports 
capable of carrying 175,000 men are lying ready 
equipped *t Toulon. 

Tlie Wool Trade of the Half Year. 

The wool report of George Abbott (late E. 
Grisar & Co. ), gives the following review of 
the California wool trade for the six months 
ending June 30, 1882: The course of this mar- 
ket as usual has not fulfilled the expectations 
of the trade. From the slow sale of California 
wools in 1881, and their high cost, compared 
with that of competing wools, it was supposed 
that prices must rule lower than those of the 
preceding year. Dealers have acted on this be- 
lief and have been very conservative in their 
action. Eastern manufacturers, however, opened 
the market at|rates from 5% to 10% higher than 
those of 1881, and purchased enough to keep 
rates fully maintained. Their support was 
withdrawn early in May, and since that time 
sales have been very small, and prices have 
gradually declined. Generally May and June 
are the most active months, but owing to the 
high prices asked, most of the Eastern buyers 
left liere earlier than usual, and as regards 
dealers with small purchases, the market has 
never been controlled to such an extent by 

The clip will be lees than last year, as the 
southern portion of the State suffered severely 
from drouth. Many sheep have died, or have 
been driven from the State, and the increase 
will be very small. The decrease in the clip 
will be more apparent in the fall production 
than in the spring. JNo wool from the ex- 
treme north has yet been marketed, as growers 
are not ready to accept buyers' views. For 
this reason the deficiency in receipts is greater 
than it would otherwise be. 

The condition of the wools has been better 
than expected. A comparatively small amount 
was dusty, and even from the sections where 
the rainfall was smallest, wools were well grown 
and showed few signs of sheep having suffered. 
Although apparently lighter, the shrinkage is 
not different from preceding years. Cockleburs 
were more prevalent. The first arrivals were 
from the San Joaquin, about April 10th. They 
were taken quickly at 21 cents for long stapled 
wools, and 20 cents for average stapled of good 
color and comparatively free. Prices varied but 
little, but as better wools were received, higher 
rates were obtained. Middle county wools 
were sold at 25 to 21', cents for good staple or 
light conditioned lots. Light San Joaquin 22 
to 23 cents. Southern coast parcels were taken 
at 20 to 23 cents, according to condition. Good 
Northern realized 27 to 28 cents. Stocks of all 
kinds are very large. 

Oregon wools have come forward slowly, and, 
owing to their high cost, are hard to sell. 
Choice Eistern opened at 27 cents, but has de- 
clined to 25 cents. Good lots are worth 23 to 
24 cents. No Valley has been received. 
Wool Production. 
Receipts at ?aii Francisco : 

January Fall IS81 3.727 Bags. 

February " 1,406 " 

March " 506 " 

April 10,629 '• 

May :«.07.'i " 

June 7,608 " 

Total 66.951 " 

51,:',12 bags spring weighing 16,419,840 lbs. 

Shipped from interior 1,4,S0,510 " 

Spiing fleece 17,900,350 " 

ihV.i bags fall weighing 1 871,870 " 

Shipped from interior 1,094,049 " 

On hand, January 1st, about 5,000,000 " 

Total 25 86J.269 " 

Oregon, O.SbO bags 1,9213,400 "- 

Foreign, •_'.'>» bags 77,700 " 

Grand total 27,1570,369 " 

Comparison of Monthly Receipts. 








3 727 






February , . . 










1 838 

1 678 


8 948 


23 540 
























.58 873 


Comparison of Exports. 

January 1st to June 30th, 1877 29, 

January Ist to June 30th, 1878 19, 

January 1st to June 'Mth, 1879 23 

January Ist to June :jOth, 1880 12 

.January Ist to June 30tb, 1881 ii, 

January Ist to June 30th, 1882 17, 



Januiry 31. Railroad from San Francisco. . 2 

February 28. Railroad from San Francisuo 1, 

21, Ship Yoonij A iiierii-n 

■ W. Railroad from San Francisco 1, 

:iO, Railroad from San Francisco, . 1 

27, Ship tlen. McClellon 

Railroad from San Francisco . 3 

UMp Seininolf 1, 



:10, Railroad from San Francisco. . 

8.55,198 lbs. 

,120 316 " 

,291,472 " 

,234 S31 " 

,124,2:^0 " 

,184, ^46 " 


892 240 lt,s. 

,2.59,870 " 

230.625 " 

,04:i,960 " 

109,380 " 

9.53,196 " 

.304 310 " 

,.'>76 ;U6 " 

,239,760 •' 

Total : 14,610,287 ' 

Shipped from outside o( San Francisco by 
rail 2,,57t,5.59 

Total 17,184 846 

Included in exports there were 187,700 It.g, pulled wool, 
1190,1120 lbs, scoured wod. 

The weights of receipts and exports are gross. The 
usual tare of bags receivfd is aboiit three pounds each; 
on pressed bales shipped, 14 to 16 Itis. each. 

Comparison With Former Years. 

1882, California fleece 17.900,350 n,e. 

1881 " •' 22.471,429 - 

1880 " " 20,349,915 " 

1879 " " 20,651,039 " 

1878 " " 18,842,920 ' 

1877 " •' 28,289,640 " 

1876 " ■' 27,895,314 " 

1875 " " 23,642,880 " 

1874 " " 19,355,682 " 

1873 " " 14,658,497 " 

1872 " " 12 607,280 " 

1*71 " " 13,381,390 " 

Arizona Agriculture. 

Editors Press; — Possibly some readers may 
like to hear of agricultural interests in these 
parts. I have the privilege of reporting an ex 
traordinarily fine season. Really, it does seem 
that the railroad has had something to do with 
our climate. Last year abundant rains made 
the whole country a mass of vegetation, so 
that many by-roads were obliterated for 
months, and fruit trees, as well as crops, grew 
wonderfully. T^st winter there was more rain 
than usual, and this spring also, so that wheat 
and barley here were raised with two irriga- 
tions, whereas it often takes five or six. Three 
years ago, at Pfcu-aix, I vras told by a farmer, 
with some apparent satisfaction, that he could 
raise wheat nicely by iriigating every 18 days. 
(I forgot to ask him if it wouldn't do every 20 
days.) I have seen times when it would seem 
that one or two such da; s wjuld ruin anything, 
unless watered. But this year has been won- 
derfully different — not like anythim/ I have 
seen or heard of; so cool all season, up to a 
week ago. People still slept indoors, expect - 
ing to be obliged soon to get out on cots, be- 
cause of intense heat in the houses. But the 
cool nights and moderate days held on, and 
blankets were used nearly ali the time. The 
so-called Tucson blanket, which is so thin 
that the stars shine right through it to the bare 
skin, was not in demand at all. Meanwhile, 
work went on everywhere, and the iron pump- 
handle could be grasped and used at midday. 
Everybody thought it strange, but were well 
pleased. Many that left last year thought 
they would try to stand the heat this year, and, 
as yet, have not found it burdensome. 

As the heat had always caused corn-tassel to 
die before it emerged, hence produced no pollen, 
and hence no ears, there was no attempt to have 
early corn. However, some Chinese gardeners, 
so foolish as not to know they could not raise 
roasting ears, planted a lot, in ignorance, and, 
owing to the cool season, it has come on and 
tasscled out all right, like corn other pi ces, 
so that soon they will have wagon-loads of 
green corn, at 50 cents a dozen. 

Now it may be another year or two before 
they will learn. They did not know about po- 
tatoes either, and planted a lot of them, and 
now they are in bloom and look as though 
they would prtduce. 

In fact, the weather has been so propitious 
that everything seems far ahead. Tomatoes 
seem two months earlier; melons are also for- 
ward. They are beginning to appear on the 
streets. A 15-lt). watermelon brings uii peso — 
that is, 90 cents. Peaches and apricots are 
quite abundant and getting ripe. I do not see 
other fruit raised here, except grapes, quinces 
and pomegranates. All this has reference par- 
ticularly to this immediate region. I hear that 
the fine fruit orchards over on the San Pedro 
river have had their fruit killed this spring. 

Now, as I was going on to say, just as the 
hot weather began, and before the bouses got 
heated through, here came the glorious rain — 
so early — and cooled the atmosphere so that it 
is almost perfection. Some few drops had been 
falling for days, till yesterday a fine thunder- 
shower passed over, making mud out of the 
dust. 'Then to-day, again, were two quite 
heavy showers which have soaked the ground 
enough to plow. Now, all the corn will be 
planted there is room for. 

The watermelon aphides have hardly put in 
an appearance, and now the rains will destroy 
the last one. Now, we will have fiue melons 
of all kinds, and everybody, especially Mexi- 
cans, will be happy. 

To sum up: We have raised the finest, 
plumpest wheat and barley, with little irriga- 
tion, and corn, tomatoes, melons, etc., away 
ahead of former years. Dust has been rather 
plenty, but otherwise the climate has been as 
delightful as any place in the United States, I 
suppose. If it shall continue so, as nice homes, 
where irrigation can be had, can be made here 
as anywhtre. We do not have the hot drying 
winds of California; no very heavy winds; win- 
ters more pleasant than California, and never a 
flea to disturb one, night or day. I have some- 
times thought we had our share of flies he^-e, 
but this year very few, so far. 

Fruit is coming plentifully from Caiifornia, 
and so dear that 1 feel I missed it wonderfully 
that I did not plant an orchard three years ago. 

I hope to report soon that the large green 
beetle, which destroys so much fruit here, es- 
pecially grapes, has also omitted to come 
this year. Drouth seems to favor insect 
life. Our early rains may stave them off this 
year. We have no codlin moth or such insect 

I receive regularly the Rural Press with 
ever sustained interest. I am glad to hear all 
about California continually, though sorry there 
does not seem to be the large crops and wonted 
prosperity this year in some places. I feel that 
our dear old paper could not be spared from 
California. If it should cease, there would be, 
to many assuredly, a great gap in aQ'airs that 
could not be filled, except by something just like 
it. Long live and thrive the Rural PressI 

Tucson, Arizona. 

H. H. Mkssknckr. 

It is stated in Paris that if Turkey persists 
in abstaining from European accord, the Con- 
ference will be obliged to intrust intervention 
in Egypt to a mixed corps of Eogliab, Italian 
and Greek troops. 

News In Briet 

A iRE.iH outbreak against the Jews has co 
curred at Balta. 

The crop of oranges and lemons in the south 
country this year will be an immense one. 

The St;;te Immigration Association is receiv- 
ing daily a great number of letters of inquiry. 

Another fine flowing well is reported from 
Tulare county, water being struck' at a depth 
of 326 feet. 

The Buenos Ayres insurgents, headed by 
General I'erez, have been dispersed by Uruguy- 
vian troops. 

The majority in favor of the prohibition 
amendment to the Iowa Constitution is staf:ed 
to be about 40,000. 

The British ship Lammermoor, from Sydney 
to San Francisco, is ashore on Bodega reef, and 
will prove a total loss. 

The manufacture of gold half and quarter 
dollars in San Francisco is to be suppressed by 
order of the Treasury Department. 

RoEBLiNG, the engineer of the Brooklyn 
bridge, is hopelessly sick. He has a nervous 
disorder which bifHes all medical skill. 

The vineyards in Gabriel valley, Los Ange- 
les county, some of the vines of which are nearly 
100 years old, are yet very prolific bearers. 

A Calcutta dispatch says the government 
has suspended the order that oil which failed to 
stand the petroleum test be re-shipped in 12 

About 20 female copyists at the Navy Depart- 
ment, Washington, have been dropped from the 
rolls on account of the failure of Congress to pro- 
vide for their payment. 

August Ist, Denver's great national mining 
and industrial exhibition opens. The structure 
for it is of iron and brick, is in the form of a 
cross, and is 500 by 310 ft. in size. 

There is a rebellion in Muscat against the 
Imaum. The movement is headed by the 
Imaum's brother. A British man-of-war has 
gone to Muscat to protect British subjects. 

A ui.spatch from New London says the 
Columbia crew went over the course in 24 
minutes and 32 seconds. They were serenaded 
later, and when leaving town were loudly 
cheered, while Harvard was hissed. 

A number of leading manufacturers met at 
Cologne and adopted resolutions declaring the 
bi-metallic agitation was most injuriously af- 
fecting the economic interests of Germany, and 
that the Government should express its deter- 
mination to carry out the gold currency without 
undue haste. 

Flowing water has hi en struck at 250 ft. in 
an artesian well at White Plains, Nev. The 
water is slightly brackish, but the well is to be 
sent down much farther. The effort in this di- 
rection to secure irrigating waters and for man- 
ufacturing purposes is looked upon with much 
interest in Nevada. 

A uiSPATi H from Long Branch says : The 
jury, after an hour's deliberation, rendered a 
verdict that the railroad accident last Monday 
was caused by the spreading on the rails on the 
bridge at Parker's creek, and find the New 
York & Long Branch railroad company guilty 
of gross and culpable negligence. 

■The Trustees of Nevada City have passed an 
ordinance which requires each laundry estab- 
lishment in the place to pay a license of $30 a 
quarter. All the laundries there were carried 
on by Chinamen. The result of the tax has 
been, we are told, to make the Mongolian 
cleaners of clothing quit the town. 

A DISPATCH from Washington says that last 
Monday, Cassidy, of Nevada, introduced a bill 
authorizing the Legislatures of California and 
Nevada to provide for the annexation to Nevada 
of three counties in California. In a spirit of 
jocular reprisal. Berry, of California, yesterday 
introduced a bill authorizing the Legislatures 
of California and Nevada to make provision for 
the anntxation of the State of Nevada to Cali- 
fornia and abolish the name and Government of 
the former State. 

Cement i-or Leather.— Many recipes have 
been given for a cement for joining leather; but 
the following is that which seems to have given 
the best satisfaction, especially for the construc- 
tion of leather belting : Equal parts of corn- 
man glue and American isinglass are placed in 
a glue pot, VI ater being added sufficient in 
quantity to cover the whole. After some 10 
hours' soaking, the mixture is brought to a 
boiling heat, and pure tannin added, until the 
whole becomes of a ropy consistence, or like 
that of the white of eggs, and apply warm. The 
plan is to buff off the grain of the leather where 
it is to be cemented, rub the joint surfaces sol- 
idly together, let it dry for a few hours, and it 
is ready for UFe. If suitably put together no 
rivets are required, the cement being as strong 
as the leather. 

Imitation Wood Carvisos.— Ever since 
Blanchard invented the eccentric lathe, Ameri- 
can mechanical ingenuity has been taxed to pro- 
duce a wood carving machine that should be a 
sufficient substitute for hand labor, and al- 
though several carving lathes have been in- 
vented, for various reasons none of them have 
been an unqualified success, nor have proved of 
commercial value. More headway in substi- 
tuting machine work for hand work has been 
made in other directions, and pressed wood or- 
naments, produced by dies and now largely 
used, supply an acceptible substitute for 
carvings on furniture of the cheaper grades. 

To TIN small Castings, clean and boil them 
with scraps of block tin in a strong solution of 
cream of tartar. 




[July 8. x88a 


Ceaseless the sea-waves throbbinpr leap 
Against the dark rocks fierce and steep ; 
Yet they have islands crowned with palm. 

And there are calm, 

There lie and sleep. 

Though the hills plead for srift of rain 

To fave their blo-Eoms, oft in vain ; 

Vet they have sprints whence rivers start 

To find the heart 

Of seas a^'ain. 

Though friendehip, at a man's earth-death. 
Is pourci in eulogizing brealli ; 
It may be when he opens eyes 

On aneels wise 

No word he saith. 

—Charlen R. Sliinn. in Call/orman. 

TJie New Cook. 

"There is one thing you mustn't forget, 
Tom !" 

"What's that, Emma?" 

"Don't forget to go to the registry office and 
send me up a cook. The new girl is good for 
nothing, and the old one can't do everything. 
Young or old, man or womaa, I don't care, 
only send me up a competent cook by 10 o'clock 
this morning.'' 

"Don't look 80 desperate, sis; I'll remember 
it. I want things in pretty good style for Mai- 
well; he ia used to it — is fond of good dinners; 
and I guess I'll send you a good, smart cook, 
Emma." Mr. Tnomas Maye disappeared with 
a re assuring nod. He had a proverbailly bad 
memory; pretty Emma Maye knew it very well, 
yet in this deaperate emergency she trusted 

During the two years she had had charge of 
her widowed brother's family they had been 
blessed by the most skillful of cooks; but Joan 
had taken a fancy to get married, and her place 
was hastily supplied by one who soon proved 

Just at this juncture Mr. Maye received 
tidings that his dead wife's favorite biother, 
Arthur Maxwell, just returned from abroad, 
would pay him a visit. From the first, Entima 
had been nervous over the responsibility of en- 
tertaining this elegant young man, whom she 
had never seen. She was lovely and accom- 
plished; but she could not cook — in fact, she 
had never tried. 

It was 7:.% o'clock when Mr. Maye went to 
town. He took nothing but a cup of coffee at 
7 o'clock, and lunched at his favorite restau- 
rant at 11 o'clock. At 3:30 o'clock the Mayes 
dined, and Mr. Maxwell was expected by the 
3:10 o'clock train. 

"There!" sighed Emma, when, two hours 
after her brother's departure, the house was in 
its usual exquisite order, and the viands and 
flowers sent up for dinner; "if Tom doesn't for- 
get, and if he sends up a good cook, everything 
will be nice enough." 

She did not dare think of the possibility of 
Tom's having forgotten, or that of the cook 
not coming for any other reason; but when, 
precisely at !0 o'clock, the door-bell rang, a 
secret weight was lifted from her heart. She 
ran herself to answer the summons. A medium, 
sized, well-dressed, modest-looking young man 
stood at the entrance, and she brightened at 
sight of him. 

"I am very glad you are so punctual; I was 
afraid I should be disappointed," she said, 
leading the way to the kitchen without an in- 
stant's delay. "Let me see — 10 o'clock. I 
shall have to set you at work at once to pre- 
pare a tirsl -class dinner. We are expecting 
company from London, my cook has left me, 
and I do not myself know anything about cook- 
ing. What is your name?" literally bereaving 
the young man of his hat and hanging it as 
high out of reach as possible. 

His reply was rather faint, but she thought 
she caaght it. 

"Mac? You do not look like an Irishman. 
But it doesn't make any difference. Are you a 
good cook?" 

The smile of the young man was rather puz- 
zling^ "I'll do my best," he said, pleasantly. 

"You see, there's nothing in the house but 
cold chickfu," continued Emma, unconsciously 
wringing her little bands as she continued to 
address the new cook, who listened very at- 
tentively. "Bat my brother has sent up some 
pigeons — to be roasted, I suppost?" 


"Can you make a celery salad?" 
"I think I can." 

"And Mayonnaise sauce for the cold chicken?" 

"Can you make French soup?" 
"I can." 

"Oh, well, I think you will do" (beginning to 
look relieved). 

"Be sure the vegetables are not overdone, 
and the cuffee good — my brother is very par- 
ticular about his cSee. And we will have a 
Florentine pudding?'' with an inquiring look. 

"Yes'm," readily. 

The new cook was already girding himself 
itb one of the white towels that lay on the 

dresser, and casting a scrutinizing glance at the 
range tire. 

C^>uite reassured in spirit, Emma was turning 
away when she stopped to add: 

"I will lay the table myself to-day, Mac, and 
nil the fruit dishes and vases; but if you give 
satisfaction, I will entrust you with the key of 
the china closet, and you will have the entire 
care of the table." 

And with a gracious nod, the young lady 
withdrew from the kitchen. 

She piled the fruit dishes with rosy pears, 
golden oranges and white grapes; tilled the 
vases with roses, lilies and ferns; set clusters of 
dainty glasses tilled with amber jelly among the 
silver and china, and then, with a sigh of satis- 
faction at the result, ran away to dress. 

"I'll not go near the kitchen to even smell the 
dinner. I don't know anything about cooking 
it, and will trust to Inck. I have an idea that 
Mac is really capable — is going to prove a treas- 
ure. His dress was so neat, and he was so quiet 
and respectful," concluded Emma, leisurely ar- 
ranging her hair. 

Her new dress, with its abundant lace and car- 
dinal ribbons, was very becoming, and fitted the 
petite, round figure so perfectly that Emma felt 
at peace with all the world. 

"I have heard that Mr. Arthur Maxwell is 
very fastidious in the matter of ladies' dress, ' 
mused iMiima, twisting her head over her shoul- 
der to see the effect of her sash. "I wonder 
what his first impression of me will be? I should 
like to have poor Ally's brother like me." 

At length the last bracelet was clasped, the 
last touch given, and retiring backwards from 
the mirror with a radiant face, Emma turned 
and ran up to the nursery to see the children 
dressed for company, and also to speak with the 
boys — and. it must be confessed, flirt a little 
with Mr. Vincent, the tutor, who was always 
at her service for this exercise. 

There was a delightfully savory odor pervad- 
ing the house when she came down and set out 
the wine and ice and made a few additions to 
the table. 

S'je looked at her watch — 3:5. Then she 
went softly to the end of the hall and listened 
^o the lively clatter in the kitchen. She could 
hear Mac chatting pleasantly with the little 
housemaid, Nanny, and all seemed to be well in 
that direction. 

At 3:10 she repaired to the drawing-room and 
took a seat overlooking the street. 

Carriages came and carriages went, but none 
stopped at the entrance. 

'Phe little girls, brave in new ribbons, came 

The boys and Mr. Vincent came down. 

Mr. Maye's latch-key settled in the door; the 
dinner-bell rang. 

"Not come?" asked Mr. Maye, at sight of Em- 
ma's disappointed face. 

"No!" she pouted; "and such a nice dinner!" 

"Very strange!" mused that gentleman, lead- 
ing the way into the dining-room. "I hadn't 
the least doubt — Why, my dear fellow," seizing 
by the shoulders the new cook, who, acting also 
as butler, hud just placed the soup-tureen upon 
the table — "my dear, dear fellow, why, how is 
this? Emma declared you hadn't come!" 

That young lady grew as white as the table- 
cloth, and grasped a chair for support, 

"That Mr. Arthur Maxwell ! I— I thought it 
was the cook!" 

"I came earlier than I expected, and in time 
to make myself useful to Miss Emma, " laughed 
Mr. Maxwell, divesting himself of his white 
towel and bowing with grace to that young 

How could she have fallen into such an 
erroi ? 

"I was so terribly anxious — I didn't look at 
you twice. Mr. Maxwell, I hope you will for- 
give me!" stammered Emma, as red now as she 
had been pale. 

"There is nothing to forgive, if my dinner 
turns out well," he added, laughing, evidently 
the sweetest-tempered man in the world. "I 
learned to cook when I wasastudeot in Paris — 
a Frenchman taught me. I have been rather 
proud of my culinary skill, but I am a little 
out of practice now, and am not quite sure of 
the Florentine." 

"Emma," cried Mr. Maye, "what does all 
this mean?" 

"Why, John, you promised to send me up a 
man cook." 

Mr, Maye clasped his hands tragically, 

"Emma, I forgot it." 

"Well, he came just at 10 o'clock. I thought 
he was the cook; I ushered him into the 
kitchen, among the pots and pans, I ques- 
tioned him as to what he knew about cooking. 
I urged him to make all haste and serve the 
dinner; and — and I called him an Irishman !" 
sobbed Emma hysterically, 

"No offense, Miss Emma. My grandfather, 
on my mother's side — Major Trelawny — was an 
Irishman," observed Mr. Maxwell, coolly, 
"And since I have done my best, won't you try 
the soup before it is cold?' 

The others stared and Emma cried, but Mr. 
Maye laughed — laughed uproariously. 

"The best joke of the season! Sit down, ev- 
erybody! Emma, you foolish girl, don't cry. 
Arthur doesn't care. And as for your Floren- 
tine — Arthur, tell Nanny to bring it in. The 
proof of the pudding is in the eating, you 

"Miss Emma won't cry when she tastes my 
soup," remarked Arthur, ladlingit out promptly 
with an air of pride. 

And then they all fell to tasting and praising, 
and urging Emma to taste and praise, until she 
laughed and cried altogether. 

But Mr. Arthur was so delightful, so win- 
ning, and so witty, so kind to his agitated 
young hostess, and he'd cooked such an excel- 
lent dinner — from the pigeons to the pudding, 
everything was perfect. 

By-and-by Emma was herself again. 

"This has taught me a lesson," she said. "I 
never will be so desperately situated again. I 
will learn to cook," 

"Let me teach you," said Arthur. 

He did. — Argosy. 


(Written tor Riral Press by Julia M. Ooodlitt,] 
I have often been astonished by considering 
the number of young people — and I regret that 
my regard for truth compels me to state, some- 
times those of middle age — who participate in 
this dishonorable practice. Much of it is the 
result of never having seriously examined the 
subject. I propose to give some thoughts 
upon flirtation, with the hope that they will 
lead some one to think of it in its true light. 

Flirtation is trifling in love. In the first 
place, flirting is wrong because it necessarily 
involves deception and theft. The object of 
flirting is to gain the affections of another by 
leading him or her to believe that they have 
received our lo^e in return, when such is not 
the case. In other words, it is an effort to gain, 
through false pretenses, that for which noth- 
ing is given in return. This involves falsehood, 
both by word and act. Is it right for a per- 
son to perjure him or herself for the sake of 
gaining property ? Certainly not. Surely it is 
not less disgraceful for one to make false state- 
ments merely for the pleasure it affords a de- 
graded mind to trample upon the most sacred 
feelings of the human heart. It is plainly 
tanght in the "Book of Bjoka," and admitted 
by every unprejudiced mind, that falsehood is 
always sinful and dishonorable. An eminent 
author has said: "Every brave man is a man 
of his word; to such base vices he cannot stoop, 
and shuns more than death the shame of 

It is assumed by Christianity that people 
are to live for character; that tbey are to main- 
tain their truthfulness and nobility of mind 
at the expense of personal comfort, reputation, 
and even life itself. If a man may sacrifice 
his word for any cause, for the same reason 
he may sacrifice any other moral virtue at 
will. Perfect truthfulness is the first essen- 
tial to a perfect character. As society is now 
conducted it is exceedingly difficult for people 
to always speak the truth, but it can be, and 
is done. 

Love is the deepest, most sacred feeling, of 
the human heart, and should never be regarded 
lightly; for true love is a solemn, a holy thing. 
Love, and love alone, should lead to courtship, 
which candor and sincerity should ever charac- 
terize. If a person has the right to trample 
upon and insult the most sacred feelings of an- 
other, merely for the sake of his own selfish 
gratification, has he not on equal right to de- 
ceive, impose upon and insult hiin in any other 
way he may see tit ? Is it not better to take 
from others worldly goods, which, by effort, may 
be regained, than by falsity to snaich from them 
that which, when once lost, returns no more 
forever — a happy, trusting heart — so to shock 
their confidence in their fellow-creatures as to 
cause them evev afterward to regard others 
wi"ih a degree of suspicion which is seldom over- 

Flirtation always causes piin to the honest 
party; it adds greatly to the suffering of others, 
hence it is wrong. No noble, generous person 
will willingly and unnecessarily cause another 

The woman who would encourage the atten- 
tions of an honest suitor, for the purpose of glo- 
rying in the knowledge of his disappointment, 
is unworthy of the holy name of woman, and 
should be, as Pope has aptly said: "Alive, rid- 
iculous; and dead, forgot," 

Reverse the picture; a female flirt is bad 
enough, but a male flirt ought, in justice, to be 
banished from good society. Few reach the 
years of maturity without feeling the influence 
of love, and often this is the turning point in 
life. Few people realize how many lives have 
been wrecked, how many hearts rendered reck- 
less and desperate from having been the victim 
of some innocent (?) flirtation. But who has 
not seen the light-hearted and beautiful maiden, 
who, in love and confidence, had bestowed her 
affections upon a suitor whom, in her own 
sincerity of soul, she believed to be all that is 
noble and honorable, changed to a pale, dis- 
trustful woman when he whom she deemed so 
noble is revealed to her as a villian by the 
knowledge that he was "only flirting?" 

How many intelligent, noble men have been 
driven to the verge of desperation by the shock 
of knowing that she who was their ideal of all 
that is true and womanly, and whom they held 
dearer than life, is a tickle coquet? People may 
say that if they have courage they will over- 
come such feelings, and often, after long and 
painful strife between the deepest feelings of 
the heart and a strong, brave will, the feeling 
is conquered, but memory will revert to the 
anguish which the struggle cost them. Then, 
there are others who have not power or strength 
of will to thus overcome their feelings. The 
world may sneer at them, nevertheless the 
human heart is a thing incomprehensible, and 
that often will not yield to the will. So the 

victim carries through life a saddened, dis- 
turbed heart. 

Flirting is wrong, not only because it harms 
others, but because it destroys the goodness of 
mind of those who engage in it. To conscience, 
to nobility and purity of heart, it is a deadly 
poison. Bat, is it not right to trifle with a flirt 
for the sake of revenge? Because others do 
wrong is it any reason why one should sear and 
destroy one's own nobility of mind? Besides, 
God has said, "Vengeance is mine, I will re- 

As to a mutual flirtation, there ia no such 
thing; it is a contradiction in terms. Flirta- 
tion is a trifling or deception in love; if there is 
no deception or love on the part of either party 
there can be no flirtation. In all cases of so- 
called mutual flirtation there is always a striv- 
ing by each party to gain the affections of the 
other, and they usually result in hatred and 
pain to both parties. 

San Bernardino, Jane 13, 1882. 

Science Club.— No. 10. 

[All communications for this department should be ad- 
dressed " KUKAL Press Si^ieiice Club," Berkeley, Cal. J 

Something About CoUectlngr. 

[Written for the Kcral Prrss "Sgience Club" by U. E D. 

I do not propose, in the limited space allotted 
to me, to enter into the details of my subject; 
nor is it within the provinoe of this article to 
tell what to collect or where to collect it, but 
upon some future occasion I may be tempted to 
say something under that caption. A few 
words regarding the benefits to be derived from 
collecting, however, may not come amiss. 

To those who, perchance, have the oppor- 
tunity of examining the result of a collector's 
labor, the old curiosity shop which Dickens 
tells about is too often made a comparison. 
They may, it is true, have an eye for all that is 
beautiful or. curious; little exclamations of 
wonder may be heard as some new beauty of 
nature is shown them, but to the collector, who 
makes natural history a study, belongs the 
pleasure and fascination which adds such a 
charm to possession of a cabinet of specimens, 
be it shells, minerals, or other branches of the 
animal kingdom, that more than pays for the time, 
hardships and disappointments of gathering 
them. Moat collectors are spoken of as having 
a mania or craze for this or that subject, and, 
if they are devoted to it, as they should be, 
people who know nothing about it too often 
ridicule them, yet a person can not become a 
good collector and succeed to any marked de- 
gree without study and resr^trch into nature 

A friend of mine, who teaches music, once 
remarked to me that one characteristic which 
he tried to instill into his pupils was stick-to- 
ativeness (a word of his own coining), and those 
who had the true stick-to-ativenees were bound 
to succeed. .So it is with collecting, as, indeed, 
I might say, it should be in all the walks of 
life, and the person who is not accnmulating in 
some way soon loses all interest. As the penu- 
rious man accumulates money, or the studious 
gathers his store of knowledge, so the collector 
accumulates his treasures. 

As the school boy collects his postage stamps, 
which, by the way, are not confined to boys 
only, but to children of a larger growth, and 
the girl collects her buttons or advertising 
cards, so the student of nature collects his 
curios, and, as one by one, the specimens are 
procured, each must be properly classified and 
labeled before it takes its place in the cabinet, 
and some incident or experience connected with 
its possession usually adds to its worth or merit 
as a curiosity, 

Eich has its history, not only from the char- 
acter and nature of its surroundings, but, as in 
the animal kingdom, are found the various 
changes and growth, habits and characteristics, 
so in geology are found traces of bygone races 
and their habits, as well as changes in the 
structure of the earth on which we live, through 
the various strata and formation of its surface. 
The botanist, too, finds much that is strange 
and instructive, and, indeed, nature furnishes 
abundant opportunity for study and reflection, 
and as the student views the works of the 
Almighty he should be thankful for the intellect 
with which he is endowed by which he is en- 
abled to appreciate all these, the result of His 

Familiar Flowers. 

[Written for the RrnAL Pre.«« "Science Club" by Carl 
PURiiv, L'kiah, Cal J 

If, toward the end of February, yon were 
out in the woods anywhere along the Coast 
range, you would be apt to notice a very .'a'ge 
leaf on a short stem close to the ground. It 
would be all by itself, about four or five inclei 
long and ovate, or egg-shaped. It you should 
dig it up, you would find it came from a very 
curious little bulb about half an inch acros', 
and shaped something like a turnip turned up- 
side down. All around the edges you would 
find little white grains that look something like 
rice. The plant gets its common name of rice 
root from these little gruins. Etch one is a 
small bulb in itself, and will grow if it has a 
chance. A little later on, the flowering stalk 
springs out of the ground. It is from eight 
inches to two feet high. At the bottom of the 
stem there are generally a number of leaves in 
circles. The stem is as straight as an arrow, 
and along the upper part bears a number of 

July 8, 1882.] 


flowers shaped like little bells. They hang 
month down, and vhere the clapper should be 
they have a circle of six brown or greenish sta- 
mens around the ovary, as it is called, but 
which you will know better as the seed- pod. 
Ovary means place for the eggs, and I suppose 
the old Latins called it that because the seeds 
of some plants look so much like little eggs. 
But the seeds of our rice root are as little as 
possible like eggs. They are flat, thinand wedged 
into the seed pod like sardines in a box. The 
rice root belongs to the same family as the 
beautiful lilies — a very respectable family, you 
will say. The botanists call it Fritillaria. 
There are eight kinds of FrUiUarins in our own 
State. The flowers vary in color from crimson 
to nearly green. In botany each plant has two 
names — just as you have a Christian name and 
a surname. The Christian name of the Frilil- 
laria I have been telling about is lanceolata — 
HO called because the leaves are lance-shaped. 
Its whole name is Fritillaria lanceolata. See 
how many of you have made its acquaintance. 

More Heroes. 

The two men, William Bennett and Dennis Callahan, 
who lost their lives in the attempt to reach and rescue 
those confined in the Alta mine, have enrolled their 
names upon the scroll of heroes who were not born to 
die. They well knew the risk, and they went boldly for- 
ward. Fdcinjf the canon's mouth, or ridincr into the jaws 
of dea'li, amid shouts and cheers, the trumpet's Mare and 
crash of cymbals and drums, attended with all the pomp 
and circumstance of glorious war, is brave, but far braver 
is the man who faces the deadly gases and gure;ling waters, 
and all the unknown choking fien^'a of darkness, to save 
life, and not to take it. Let no man say that heroism has 
left this world, while such men live and die for men. 
Their bravery hallowed the world they have left, and en- 
nobles the Jives of all beholderg. All men are proud to 
call euch heroes brothers. 

Is it ever too late to add our voices to the 
general chorus in praise of a worthy act of a 
noble fellow creature. Although many have 
spoken in fitting words of such a noble act as 
that of the two men, VVm. Bennett and Dennis 
Callahan, mentioned above, it is meet that it 
should again be brought before the public mind 
for it to think of and relate to the children of 
the rising generation. The rehearsal of such 
deeds inspires young readers to cultivate their 
powers of endurance and bravery. Bravery 
that will cause a man to enter the terrible gases 
of a mine, to undertake the almost hopelefs 
task of saving a brother, should be extolled 
from the house-top, and his praises sung by 
every tongue and pen in the land. Those liv- 
ing in the same place should be proud to say 
they had breathed the same air as supported 
such noble souls. C. D. 

Our Puzzle Box. 

CrosE-Word Enigma. 

In sole and shoe. 

In bluish hue; 

In all and part; 

In sour and tart; 

In kite and hawk; 

In hoje and sock; 
My whole are found in the sea ; 
What are they 'i prithee tell me. 

Unci.k Claude. 


1. Behead to ramble and leave a relative. 

2. Behead to unite and leave the eggs of an insect. 
'i. Behead a mechanical power and leave always. 

4. Behead an article of food and leave a kind of wood. 



[Fill the blanks with words alike in pronunciation, but 
unlike in spelling and meaning ] 

1. He said the would not well. 

2. Thomas poured the contents of the small 

upon the . 

3. The rode all without stopping for rest. 

4. The driver said he would certain legends of 

the place when they came in of the of the 

destroyed house. 



First, I am an article of food; curtail me and I am a 
coin; curtail again and 1 am an adverb; next behead me 
and there is nothing left. 

Aunt Sarah. 

Hidden Dou ole-Word Square. 

1. I have news for all, whether good or bad. 

2. What a great ado men often make about the most 
trivial matters. 

3. Come, Nellie, are you amenable to the law or not ; 

4. A barren tract was all the eye could see, with here 
and there a dwarfed bush or tree struggling for existence 
on the sterile soil. 

Hidden in the above are words containing the following 
significations, in the form of a word square: 

Across. -- 1. Veibal. 2. A cupola. 3. A sign. 4. 

Downward. ~1. Ascent. 2. An ancient empire. :;. A 
devotional term. 4. A quadragesimal fast. 


Answers to Last Puzzles. 

Ndmerical Enioma.— The fourth of July. 
SYNoorATiONs.— 1. Axle. ale. 2. Warn, wan. 3. Main, 
man. 4. Pray, pay. Weir, war. (1. jiraid, brad. 
Word Siiuare. - IOTA 




Dkoapitations. — 1. Neat, eat. 2. Fire. ire. 3. Know, 

Towns. — 1. At hens. 2. Or-o-no. ?,. New port. 4. 
Mad-:-3on 5. Act-on. 

wistfully, I should like you to read a little 
while. I was in the middle of that article," 
pointing to the one she had been reading. 

"All right," said Floy, cheerfully, though 
the article in question was dull reading for a 
girl of her age. She read patiently on, while 
Jennie sat sulkily bending over her emdroidery. 

And which, think you, enjoyed the afternoon 
more — Floy, who gave up her own wtshes to 
minister to her grandmother's, or .Jennie, in her 
utter disregard of all but her own selfish de - 
sires? \^hich are you like, reader, and which 
do you wish to be like ? 

The Advantages of Two Eyes, 

In response to the question, "What is the use 
of having two eyet?" the answer has been given, 
"To have one left if the other is hurt. Much as 
we may admire the sagacious foresight of this 
youthful physiologist, it will not be found suffi- 
cient to rest contented with his ultimatum. He 
had evidently not tried his skill to find how 
unexpectedly he would miss the inkstand whi'e 
endeavoring to dip his pen into it at arm's 
length with one eye closed. He had not thought 
of holding his finger a few inches in front of 
his face to find what part of the wall it would 
hide from each eye in succession, or how differ- 
ently it would look when regarded from those 
two points of view separately, how much 
thicker it would appear when both eyes were 
open, how readily he could examine three sides 
of it at once, how much more detinitely he 
could judge its distance, in a word how much 
more comprehensive was the iiiformation given 
by two eyes if used at the same moment. As- 
suming that he knows exactly how to account 
for the inversion of the retinal image and the 
erpct appearance of the object there pictured, 
ht w our visual perceptions are only signs of what 
we momentarrly feel on the retina, signs that 
generally represent the realities with a fair de- 
gree of accuracy, but may sometimes represent 
almost anything else on demand, how, if the 
eyes be healthy, we have no consciousness of 
possessing any retina at all, but instantly and 
unconsciously refer every retinal sensation to 
some external body whose existence we are 
obliged to assume, unless there be special argu- 
ments to convince ua to the contrary — granting 
all this, our young physiologist has not thought 
of inquiring how it is that, although two reti- 
nal images are produced, we see but a single ob- 
ject, and this despite the fact that, like photo- 
graphs of the same body simultaneously taken 
from different standpoints, these two images are 
necessarily dissimilar. — Popular Science Monthly. UsEOi' Hypodermic Injictions. — 
A recent painful case of death caused by a hy- 
podermic iojection of morphia directs attention 
afresh to the dangers of resorting to this most 
perilous mode of administering drugs designed 
to relieve pain. The public should be warned 
againf t the practice of employing remedies hy- 
podermically. So formidable a "remedy" should 
on no account be used except under medical 
advice, and when deemed necessary it ought to 
be given by practitioners. We have repeatedly 
urged the profession to discountenance the 
recourse to ii jections under the skin, which is 
becoming general. It is a practice of extreme 
hazard, and we are of opinion that surgical in- 
strument makers should refuse to etll the 
requisite apparatus to lay persons, and that 
medical men should forbid their use. — London 

Poisonous Bcllets. — A German journal re- 
fers to a discovery made by M. Gros, of Paris, 
which tends to throw some light on the com- 
plaints which were made, but not seriously in- 
quired into, during the Franco-German war, as 
to the use of poisoned bullets by the combat- 
ants on both sides. M. Gros explains that the 
construction of the modern breech-loading arms 
causes the bullet to convey with it a portion of 
the hydrocyanic acid, which the explosion of 
powder has caused to be accumulated in the 
barrel. Even if poisoning to a mortal extent 
does not take place, it is remarked that the 
healing of wounds is materially retarded by 
the circumstance. 

Soft Beds. — Why should soft beds be con- 
sidered unwholesome? Certainly they afford 
more comfort than hard ones. Hard beds should 
never be given to little children, and parents 
who suppose that such beds contribute to health 
by hardening and developing the constitutions 
are surely in error. Eminent physicians, both 
here and in England, concur in this opinion, and 
state that hard beds have often proved injuri- 
ous to the shape of infants. Birds and animals 
cover their ofl'spring with the softest material 
they can obtain, and also make soft beds for 
them. Why not do the same with our own 

Forcing the Intellect of Children. — The 
Medical and Surcjical Reporter, in a recent able 
editorial on this subject, contends that much in- 
jury is done by sending children to school too 
early, and holds, very properly, we think, that 
the portion of life prior to puberty should be de- 
voted mainly to physical development?. 

Hot W.vtkr for Infants.— Keoent cases are 
noted in the medical journals of tetanus, or 
lock-jaw, having occnrred in infants on account 
of bt in^ bathed in too hot water. A single 
nurse reports several cases of the kind. 

Orange Marmalade.— Take 12 oranges of 
fair size, with smooth, highly-colored skins, 
score the peel off in quarters, taking with it as 
much of the white skin as you can without 
breaking the pulp. As you remove the peel 
put it in a basin of water. Put it all, when 
ready, into a stewpan, with water enough to 
cover the peal; change the water several times 
during the boiling process, and when the peel is 
quite soft and very tender, take it out of the 
pan and drain it in a hair seive. Spread out 
the peel, when nearly dry, on a pasteboard and 
cut it into fine shreds. Squeeze the oranges and 
add the juice of three or four lemons to every 
dozen oranges. The peel and juice must be 
weighed, and to every pound add a pound and 
a half of loaf sugar. Allow to this amount of 
sugar a pint and a half of water, obtained by 
washing and straining the pulp of oranges. 
Boil and skim carefully for 15 or 20 minutes, 
then add the washed pulp and juice, and boil 
until it commences to thicken, then put in the 
pulp and boil for 20 or 30 minutes, or until it 
jellies properly. 

Earthenware in Cookinc;.— The flavor of 
food baked or boiled in earthenware is raid, by 
those who have made the experiment, to be far 
superior to that of vegetable or animal food 
cooked in the same way in iron vessels, for the 
reason that iron is a conductor of heat, while 
earthenware is a non-conductor; consequently, 
food cooked in the latter is rarely ever burned, 
the degree of heat not varying perceptibly dur- 
ing the process of cooking, thus preserving the 
flavor of what is cooked, as well as uniformity 
throughout the substance of the meat, vegeta- 
bles or grains, until the process of cooking is 
completed. So earthenware takes the premium, 
as it deserves to, and those who have found out 
how much better they can do their cooking in 
these vessels than in ironware, give pots and 
kettles a cold shoulder often. 

For Coknini! Beef.— Out the beef in small 
pieces, leaving out the large bones, pack solid 
in a six-gallon crock with a weight on top. 
Pour over the beef boiling hot brine, made as 
follows : Two gallons of water, three pounds 
of salt, cne ounce of saltpeter, a pound of sugar 
and two large spoonfuls of baking soda. After 
two weeks, heat and skim the brine, and repeat 
the process whenever you think necessary, but 
never put the brine on hot after the tiest time. 
If the weather is hot you can add a 
handful of salt and soda at any time, 
and, like all pickling, be sure the brine covers 
1/he beef. If packed in a barrel, a large cloth 
should be securely tied over it in summer, to 
secure its contents from flies. "She nicest vessel 
to put it into is a half-barrel earthen jar. 

Sweet Potato Rolls. — Boil, and mash 
through a colander, two large sweet potatoes, 
adding to them a tablespoonful of butter or 
lard. Sift two quarts of flour into a bowl, make 
a hole in the center of it, and with two beaten 
eggs, a cup of fresh yeast and some boiled milk, 
make a sort of sponge, stirring the potatoes into 
it. After this has stood for an hour, mix it 
into a stifi' dough and knead it well. When the 
dough is quite light, roll out and cut it into 
small round cakes, and let them stand a while 
before baking. The milk must be cooled after 
it is boiled, before mixing the sponge. Add 
some salt to the flour. Pone. — Take one pint of corn-meal, 
and add to it a small teaspoonful of salt, two 
eggs well beaten, and half a teaspoonful of bak- 
ing powder. Mix it into a batter with sweet 
milk, stirring very hard. Have a round tin pan, 
or an earthen turk's head, on the top of a stove, 
and when it is very hot throw in a heaping ta- 
blespoonful of lard or butter, and when it boils 
pour the mixture into it. Stir around lightly, 
and bake in a quick oven. As soon as the loaf 
is browned and the fat nearly absorbed, it is 
done, and must be served immediately. 

Corn Fritters — Grate one dozen ears of 
corn upon a coarse grater, and with a spoon 
scrape the cob in order to obtain the milk that 
adheres to it. Add salt, a tablespoonful of 
flour, two tablespoonfuls of milk, and two beaten 
eggs. Drop the mixture from a spoon into boil- 
ing fat, and fry them a nice brow u. Drain 
then, and serve very hot. 

Strawberry Jam.— Cap large, ripe, firm 
strawberries, and to every pound of fruit allow 
three quarters of a pound of pulverized sugar. 
Strew the sugar over the berries, and when it is 
dissolved put all in a porcelain-lined kettle, and 
cook slowly until the berries are clear and the 
whole begins to thicken. Seal up when cool in 
small glass jars. 

New Kettles. — The best way to prepare a 
new iron kettle for use is to fill it with cleau 
potato peelings, boil them for an hour or more, 
then wash the kettle with hot water, wipe it 
dry, and rub it with a little lard; repeat the 
rubbing for half a dozen times after using. In 
this way you will prevent rust and all the annoy- 
ances liable to occur in the use of a new kettle. 

Oatmeal — Scald two parts of fine 
oatmeal with one part of hot water; mix well 
and roll thin. As this bakes very quickly, fruit 
which requires much cooking must be cooked 
first before making the pies. This crust is very 
tender, and possesses all the desirable qualities 
of shortened pie-crusts, without their injurious 

An "Incher." — "Yes, I went to church yes- 
terday," said .lob Shuttle, with a yawn. "Pretty 
goed sermon, pretty fair; but what pleased me 
most was the antics of an inch worm that was 
roaming about the hat of a lady who sat in 
front of me. That little, pile green incher re- 
minded me so much of the way we human 
worms get on in the world. You see, he was 
on the vane of the feather in the hat and he 
would get a good hold, and then reach up with 
his head and feel around and look the field over 
to see where he could make a good strike, just 
like a man looking for business; then he would 
throw himself soul and body on to a curl of the 
feather, which would bend and let him down 
with a thud, just like a man who has made a bad 
speculation; then he would wriggle and twist and 
feel around for a new hold, jaat like a man try- 
ing to 'fix things' with his creditors; then he 
would mount to the very topmost summit of 
the hat and stick his head up and swing all 
around, just like a newly-elected Congressman 
gazing over the heads of his constituents; fin- 
ally he got along on the lower edge of the 
turned-up hat-brim, and then he made progress; 
be inched along, and inched along, making big 
strides right ahead, just like a man picking up 
money and making a fortune hand over fist; 
but the little incher wasn't satisfied. Just as 
he got as far as he could he 'broke all up' aud 
tumbled, and we saw him no more; for all the 
world just like a man who has done his best for 
a little while and then 'flunked.' " 

The Old Home. — A large proportion of our 
girls who read this will some day love and 
marry. It is well; it is right; but do not be 
in a hurry to be grown up and away from home. 
Life will never give you anything sweeter, bet- 
ter, happier than you have now — no love purer 
than your mother's, no care more kindly than 
father's, no companionship like that of your 
brothe: 8 and sister?. Even to the man who 
loves you, you will not be the little Lily who 
was a baby once — who learned to walk and 
prattle, and was prettier than any other baby 
ever was— nor the little girl who was so won- 
derful a genius when she played her first tune 
on the piano or worked her first book-mark. 
He w'iio falls in love with you may have known 
twenty other pretty girls, and have been, per- 
haps, at some time, in love with half of them. 
In some things you will fall short of some one 
he has known. Your eyes will not be so fine 
as those of Miss Lavina, and you will never 
make cake as his mother does. Here at the old 
home you have been perfection; even if pru- 
dence kept your parents from saying so, they 
cannot believe anyone quite so nice as "our 
Lily." Then linger a little here — where some 
one else shoulders the burdens and shields you 
from life's worry, where the love is a love that 
does not change because of a new face, where 
the innocent day? of childhood have been 
passed — your first and best home. — Christian at 

Jennie and Floy. 

"Don't you want to read to me a little while, 
Jennie, my poor old head is so tired .' ' 

"Oh de rl 'grandma, you're always wanting 
me to read or do something for you when I'm 
busy," and Jennie Colman impatiently threw 
down the tidy she was embroidering, and with 
a heavy frown took up the paper her poor old 
grandmother had laid down. 

"Never mind, dear; I can wait till Floy gets 
home," said grandma, sadly. "I didn't notice 
you were doing anything in particular." 

"Well, I was," Jennie snapped out. "There's 
that tidy must be done Thursday for the fair, 
and it isn't hardly begun yet. Well, there's no 
use talking. What do you want me to read?" 

"I don't want you to read at j11, Jennie, ' 
said grandma, in a trembling voice. ''I 
wouidn't have asked you if I had known you 
had anything to do. Go right on with your 

"Oh, well, if you don't want me to, very well. 
I'm not at all anxious," and Jennie returned to 
her work. 

Grandma sat awhile with closed eyes, think- 
ing of the happy past, when there were always 
willing bands and happy hearts at her service, 
when suddenly a click of the gate-latch roused 
her from her musings, and a glad smile lighted 
up her t rdd old face. 

"There's Floy!" she exclaimed brightly. 
"Oh, yes, there's Floy, of course. You think 
Foy is almost an angel, I do believe, grandma 

"Well, who don't love Floy?" grandma re- 
sponded. "No one can help it." 

And, inded, few could help loving the bright- 
faced young girl of 14 who came bounding into 
the room, seeming to bring with ber a touch of 
the outside glow and brightness. 

"Well, grandma, how do you feel? Is your 
head any bettei? Is there anything I can do 
for you?" And the rosy lips met grandma's, 

"No, dear, my head is no better, but you 
must sit down and get rested, and not be 
thinking what you can do for me the first 

"0, yes," said Jennie, impatiently, "of course 
Floy must not hurt herself. It don't make any 
difference about me." 

"Jennie Colman!" burst forth Floy, indig- 
nantly; "I'd be ashamed to talk so to dear old 
grandmother. You know she thinks just as 
much of your comfort as she does of mine. But 
you think so much of yourself no one need 
worry about your getting along without any 

"You look out for yourself, and I'll do the 
same," was Jennie's response. 

Floy had hardly seated herself when she ec - 
pied the paper grandma had been reading. 

"Oh, sha'n't I read to you grandma, dear?" 
sbA asked. "I feel just like it." 
I "If you are not too tired, " said the dold lady. 


[July 8, X882 

DEWEY & CO., Publishers. 


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a. B. BTKOiia 


Saturday, July 8, 1882. 


mental Disturbances; A Memory of Harvest Time; En- 
silage of Dry Fodder; The Resort to the Beet, 17- 
Passing Events; Clover and the Soil; Notes on Hop 
Culture; 24. State Horlicullurai Society; Draining 
and Irrigating Machinery, 2b. 

ILLUSTRATIONS— The Harvest in the Old Time, 
17 Front and Side View nf Irrigating Pump, 25. 

FORE3TRY.-"lvellog;;'srortBt Trees of Cal fomia;" 
Forest Trees •>! California— No. 3, 18. 

HORTICULTURE. —The Califorola Dried Fruit 
Interest, 18-25- 

edy Exittiug EviU; The Orange in Oregon; Subjects 
for Julv Meetings, 20. 

AQRICULTURflfl-. NOTES, from the various 
counties of C.ilifornia, 2C-2I. 

HOME CIRCLE - Peace, (Poetry); The New Cook; 
Flirtation; Science Club.— No. 10; More Heroes; An 
"Incher; Tlie Old Home, liS. 

Jennie and Floy, 23 

GOOD HEALTH.— The Advantage of Two Eyes; 
Reckless Use of Hypoilermic Injections; Poisonous 
Bullets; Sofi Beds; Forcing the Intellect of Children; 
Hot Wator for Infants, 23. 

DOMESTIC ECONOMY. — Orange Marmalade; 
Earthenware in Cooking; For Corning Beef; Sweet Po- 
tato Rolls; Jubilee Pone; Corn Fritters; Strawberry 
Jim; New Kettles; Oatmeal Pic-crust, 23. 

QUERIES AND REPLIES.- tut ings in Water; 
Acid Clover; Flue Apricots, 24. 

NEWS IN BRIEF on page 21 and other pageg. 

Business Announcements. 

Sewing Machine Supplies, Mark Sheldon, S. F. 
Anderson's Springs. Anderson & I'atriquin, I^akeCo. , Cal. 
Percheron Horses, M. W. Dunham, Wayne, 111. 

The Week. 

The week has been given to recreation and 
amusement. The three holidays decreed by 
the trade functionaries of the city were all 
taken by the mass of citizenEi, and the diversion 
has been greater and more general than usual. 
The public demonstrations in honor of the day 
were about as successful as usual, and, so far as 
heard from, were fortunately attended by no 
great mishap or conflagration. People who 
have anything to burn generally breathe freer 
on the morning of Jaly 5th, for the suspense is 
removed either by destruction or safety. 

The news of the day in this country brings 
nothing especially alarming. The harvest is 
being gathered in, and there will be abundance, 
with its concomitants of quiet and content. 
Abroad the rumors of war continue. England 
is arming to meet possible need for war in 
Egypt, while turmoil still reigns in her emerald 

The fruit season is approaching its hight, 
and picking, packing, drying and canning is 
being vigorously pushed. A vast amount of 
money will be brought in in exchange for our 
orchard products this year. The grain harvest 
progresses as rapidly as possible with the rather 
short supply of harvest bands this year. Some 
very good grain is being sacked, and the pros- 
pect for paying prices is promising. Kural im- 
provements and investments are many, and the 
value of agricultural lands is maintained. 

Secretary Chandler has appointed a Court 
of Inquiry to investigate the circumstances of 
the loss of the steamer Rodgers in St, Lawrence 

Clover and the Soil. 

In California the clovers, indigenous and in 
troduced, play a large part in farm economy. 
It is true that we do not practice green manur 
ing to the extent it prevails in other regions, 
as, for example, the sowing of clover for plow, 
ing in, in preparation for other crops, and yet, 
much is gained by plowing in the natural 
growth, as is done in orchards and vineyards 
where the green growth is allowed to become 
quite large before plowing. It is of interest, too, 
that the clovers, when grown for hay and for 
seed, exert a marked effect upon soil fertility 
by the root growth for which they are famous 
Alfalfa is, no doubt, adding millions to the ac- 
cnmulating fertility of our lands, and is doing 
much good below the surface, as well as above. 
The subject of the effects of clover-growing 
upon the soil has lately been investigated by 
the distinguished agricultural chemist. Dr. 
Voelcker, and he announces conclusions which 
are of prime importance to alfalfa growers. 

A good crop of clover removes from the soil 
more potash, phosphoric acid, lime, and other 
mineral matters, which enter into the composi- 
tion of the ashes of our cultivated crops, than 
any other crop usually grown in this country. 
There is fully three times as much nitrogen in 
a crop of clover as in the average produce of 
the grain and straw of wheat per acre. Clover 
is an excellent preparatory crop for wheat. 

During the growth of clover, a large amount 
of nitrogenous matter accumulates in the soil. 
This accumulation, which is greatest in the sur- 
face soil, is due to decaying leaves dropped dnr^ 
ing the growth of clover, and to an abundance 
of roots, containing, when dry, from 1J% to 2% 
of nitrogen. The clover roots are stronger and 
more numerous, and more leaves fall on the 
ground when clover is grown for seed than when 
it is mown for hay; in consequence, more nitro- 
gen is left after clover seed than after hay. This 
crop causes a large accumulation of nitrogenous 
matters, which are gradually changed in the soil 
to nitrates. 

Clover not only provides abundance of ni- 
trogenous food, but delivers this food in a read- 
ily available form (as nitrates) more gradually 
and continuously, and with more certainty of 
good result than such food can be applied to the 
land in the shape of nitrogenous top dressings. 

From these statements it appears that alfalfa 
or other clovers, when grown for pasture, there 
is a marked contribution to the fertility of the 
soil, for the manure from the pastured animals 
replaces the mineral matters which the plant 
takes from the soil, and, added to the root 
growth of the clover, greatly increases the or- 
ganic or nitrogenous matter. Alfalfa hay re- 
moves large quantities of mineral matters, it is 
true, but it increases organic matter, which is 
the thing most needed by some soils. There is 
no doubt that the best agency to restore worn 
soils which will grow alfalfa is to put on that 
plant and then bring on the animals to feed it 
oflf, thus gaining the coin for clean wool, or beef, 
or pork, and giving the soil heart again for otht r 
crops, if the farmer choose to change after- 

The way in which a mat of clover roots pro- 
vides foi a Bucceding crop was described by 
Prof. Kedzie, in a recent lecture, in this forci- 
ble manner : In two and a half tons of clover 
hay, or in an acre of clover sod of corresponding 
quality, there will be, both for grain and straw, 
enough phosphoric acid for a crop of 34 bushels, 
of combined nitrogen for 71 bushels, of potash 
for 10'2 bushels, of magnesia for 120 bushels and 
of lime for270 bushels. In other words, theclover 
hay or sod contains enough phosphoric acid for 
more than double an average crop, enough ni- 
trogen for more than four average crops and 
potash for more than six average crops of 
wheat ! With such figures before you, do you 
wonder that farmers are surprised at the large 
crcps they can raise on a clover sod ? You see, 
also, why lands in rotation with clover can en- 
dure the heavy tax of two crops of wheat in suc- 
cession without complete exhaustion. But when 
a body of clover is plowed in with the sod, we 
reach results that round out that ligure of ori- 
ental magnificence, "The pastures are clothed 
with flocks; the valleys also are covered over 
with corn; they shout for joy; they also sing." 

The Raisin Crop.— The raisin crop is already 
engaging the attention of growers and the trade. 
San Francisco dealers have been trying to pur- 
chase the southern raisins in bulk, expecting to 
bring them to the city and sweat, pack and 
brand them here. This does not suit the grow- 
ers, who very wisely believe in building up 
their own brands and the fame of their own 
locality. At Riverside there is what seems to 
us a very commendable movement to grade and 
pack all the raisins at the Riverside fruit can- 
nery, and thus secure a uniform style, etc. 
This will do very weU, for the fame of River- 
side will confer local advantages. The men in 
charge of the Riverside cannery are well known 
and trusted, and their proposition may be found 
of much value to the whole colony. 

Humboldt Potatoes. — The Ferndale Enter- 
prise says : The potato crop in this section 
will be larger than usual from present prospects. 
The acreage is quite large and the stand perfect. 

Notes on Hop Caltnre. 

{Written fof the KiRal Prbss by DaMkl FlIxt.] 
When I wrote my first article on hop culture 
this spring, I supposed it would draw out some 
articles and lead to discussions from the hop 
growers, in relation to the best methods of pre' 
paring the soil, the best kind of soil, modes of 
planting, culture, picking, curing and baling, 
I have not seen a line on the subject, except my 
own, since I wrote the first article. I know, of 
ray own experience, that many of the hop grow 
ers are among the most intelligent farmers of 
the State, and why they do not court discussion 
on such an important agricultural production, 
it is hard for me to say. I find with a good 
many, they are willing to discuss the various 
modes of culture with me, and tell me the full 
particulars of their method of management and 
freely criticise my articles, but there seems a 
dislike to put their thoughts on paper. If they 
will not accept the liberal offer of the Press 
and use its columns, I shall be deprived of their 
ideas, which may differ so much from mine, 
unless I go in person to their hop yards and see 
their ways of management. 

I have not the last article before me for refer- 
ence, but I believe I bad got through the first 
lying, and where a vine was broken or bit off 
nature had provided at the next j.)int below to 
throw out two vines so that the original product 
of the vine shall not be diminished. After the 
vine is well up the pole, say four to six feet, 
take a long bladed knife and cut and keep cut 
everything from the hill except the four vines 
trained to the poles. 

I have worked my hops a little ditTarent this 
year than I ever did before, and from present 
appearances I shall get wonderful results. One 
of my yards threw up a great number of small 
vines, not much larger than knitting needles. 
I felt greatly disappointed, and supposed it in- 
dicated a light yield. I cut everything ofi' close; 
in fact, under the ground, except those on the 
pole, and kept everything cut that made its ap- 
pearance. In a week's time a wonderful change 
took place; and now, from these knitting needles, 
I have large, fine vines, and it is next to the best 
of my yards. 

I have tried a number of kinds of implements 
to work my yards with, to see if there was not 
economy in time, but thus far I have found 
nothing that gives such satisfaction as the plow. 
When the vine gets above reach, a man should 
be sent through the yard every few days with a 
step ladder, to tie to the pole those vines that 
have lost their place, as they cannot get back 
without assistance. My rule is to plow my hops 
just as long as I can, and not do more damage 
by tearing off the arms by catching in the horse 
and driver, than I do good by turning over the 
soil, With us, I think July 1st is the latest we 
can plow, except some late yards. 

Every few days a man must be sent through 
the yards with a hop bar, to put up the fallen 
ooles. If near picking time, I take a rope, 
twine or hop vine and lift the fallen pole up, 
say five or six feet, and tie it to another pole. 
Sometimes I take old short poles and tie them 
together in the form of shears to support the 
fallen poles. 

The cultivation of the yards being finished 
for this year, the next thing is to see that every- 
thing is ready for harvest, which will begin, 
with us, from the 10th to the 20th of August. 
The kiln, press, boxes, sacks, knives and other 
implementa must be thoroughly examined. Wa- 
ter barrels and buckets must be on hand in case 
of fire. Wood cuts quite an important figure 
in the expense, as well as the success in hop 
drying, and whatever kind is used it should 
be well seasoned. A good many think nothing 
but hard wood will do. I prefer willow or Cot- 
tonwood at the same price. Hard wood makes a 
stationary heat that is too hot about the stove, 
while willow wood will make a blaze that will 
go through the pipes and more evenly distribute 
the heat in the kiln. 

On June 22d there was a meeting in Sacrc- 
mento of the hop growers of Sacramento and 
vicinity. About three-fourths of the acreage 
was represented, and the meeting was harmo- 
nious and spirited. Two lady hop growers fa- 
vored it with their presence and counsel. A 
number of resolutions were oS'ered, disoussed 
freely and passed unanimously. 

The first resolution was that we do not de- 
duct any tare on our bales for cloth or rope. 

The second was that we pay our pickers 8.5 
cts. psr 100 for green hops, and our cook 
§6 per week for 80 men, or in pro rata ; 
that is, for 100 men S7.50 per week, and 120 
m?n SOjper w( e'j ; ICO men, $12. 

Third, that each man should put his hops np 
in the best possible manner, and should put his 
brand or stencil plate on them, marked "Sacra- 
mento Hops," so that hops grown at other lo- 
calities cannot be palmed off on the Eastern 
buyers as JSacramento grown hops. Other reso- 
lutions passed are not essential to mention 
here. Pages could be written on construction 
of kiln, press, stove, size of pipe, amount of 
ventilation, cooling and ba'ing, but I have al- 
ready strung this out much more than I desired. 
1 will watch and wait again to see if some one 
will not put in an appearance in the next stage 
of proceedings. 

Sacramento City, Cal. 

An earthquake occurred in the valley of the 
Rhine Sunday, whioh extended to the north of 

Cuttings m Water. 

EwtORS Press;— The enclosed letter was «ritt«h td 
me as agent of the Prkss, and contains noine facta worthy 
of note. 1 have tried the plan of inserting the butts of 
grape cuttings in water before planling with good fc 
suits. I have also known of several others who have 
tried it with success. My opinion is, that if cuttings 
cannot be planted feS Koon as they are taken from the 
vines that the butts should stand in w>ter about six to 
eight inchoB deep, and sheltered from the sun until they 
are planted. I have observed that the brush trimmed 
from the vines and thrown into a creek of running water 
would sprout and grow for several inonihs. Cuttings of 
roses and other plints will root and grow in water alone 
for a considerable time.— C. E. Wetmori, Oakland. 

The experience to which our correspondent 
refers is as follows : Last winter Polly & Smith, 
of Concord, Contra Costa county, were getting 
grape cuttings, when B. Webb and C. McClel- 
lan asked them to get some for them also. Mc- 
Clellan wanted 2,000 and Webb 1,000. Mr. 
Webb prepared his gronnd splendidly by plow- 
ing deep and pulverizing thoroughly and took 
much pains in planting the cuttings. Mr. Mo- 
Clellan's ground was plowed shallow and very 
poorly prepared. Many said : "Grape cuttings 
cannot grow there." Well, some time after 
they were planted Webb thought his were slow 
in starting, and thought ho would go over and 
see McClellan, where, to his surprise, he found 
all growing finely, aud, although planted at the 
same time, they appeared some three weeks 
earlier. How could it be, with everything, ap- 
parently, in Mr. Webb's favor '.' He naturally 
asked McClellan how it was and what he had 
done to them, and learned that as soon as Mc- 
Clellan received his cuttings he put them into 
vessels in water and kept them there until 
planted (some three weekt), and when planted 
they commenced to grow at once, while Webb's 
had to absorb moisture from the ground, which 
bethinks made three weeks' difference; some 
not yet growing, when in McClellan's case they 
all started at once. Perhaps, this might b« 
valuable information ; if so, use it, if not, noth- 
ing lost. Further particulars could be had of 
either party, but the vines show for themselves. 
— J. Bacon. 

Actd Clover. 
Editors Press:- I send you two fragments of a st'angs 
clover— an acid clover. It grows about 12 inches high, 
has lanceolate and serrated leaves, from one-half inch to 
one inch long, and both stipules ami cal^ xes are marked!} 
serrated. The flower is almost entirely white, with a 
faint purple tinge near the crown. On extracting a soli- 
tary blossom, and a|.plying it to the tongue, as children 
do in tasting the honey of a clover head, you feel a sharp, 
but pleasaul acid taste. The same is felt cn placing a 
leaf in the mouth, but not on chewing it, giving the im- 
pression that the acid is on the surface, ard not in the 
Bubntance of the leaf. A magnifying glass shows small 
roundish white masses on the leaf surf.ce, either singly 
or in groups of a dozen. I can neither find more of it in 
the fields, nor word of it in such books as are available. 
This specimen grew in a shady place near an old barn. 
8o far as I can judge, it ftof ma a true clover, trifoliate and 
flowers capitate. It might be a medbk; the legumes 
are too immature to be certain. I am sorry the spec- 
imen is not better. Cin you name it, or tell authing of 
the peculiar acid quality ? Perhaps some correspondent 
can.— "Trefail," Santa Rosa. 

The plant is identified by Dr. Kellogg as Iri/o- 
Hum tridentatum. Its acid property was util- 
ized by the miners in the early times in making 
a sort of "lemonade" or acidulated drink. 

Fine Apricots. 

Editors Press:—! see that many are writing about apri- 
cots. I will send you a sample of ours, which were raised 
one-half a mile from Modesto, without irrigation. We 
have a small orchard of about (iCO trees of different kinds 
of fruit, about 80 of them apricots, which will pay us well 
this year. We have about one-half of them gathered. 
They will net us, I think, $C or $7 to the tree. We sold 
the entire crop at 4 cents per pound. We prune in the 
winter, and very lightly; do not cut them back much. 
When we cut them back we do not have as g0(,d a crop.— 
G. D. B., Modcbtn. 

The fruit is fine, large, and rich fleshed. We 
do not see any better. 

Harvest Notes.— Hugh .fones gives the Sut- 
ler County Farmer some notes on harvesting 
arrangements. He says that farmers, in stack- 
ing their grain, should not build the stacks over 
40 ft. Equare, and that from .'iO to 35 ft. waa 
better. In placing the stacks the passage way 
between them should always extend from north- 
east to southwest, then every machine can 
thrash conveniently no matter which way the 
wind blows. Mr. Jones insisted that this was 
a most important consideration, and added that 
most farmers leave the passage way due north 
and south, and are rewarded by copious growls 
from the machine men. The stacks should al- 
ways be set quartering, and the manner above 
stated is conceded to be the best. Mr. Jones 
thinks the farmers are to blame for the scarcity 
of hands, and not the thrashers, as men will 
always leave a job heading to go thrashing, and 
if the farmers would determine not to have any 
thrashing done until heading was well advanced, 
then there would always be plenty of help, but 
as long as farmers will employ thrashers, they 
will work, and every separator in operation 
during harvest time means that at least three 
beading crews mnst stop. 

Berkeley Orasoks.— The Oakland Times 
says : R. P. Thomas at his La Loma ranch, on 
the hills above North Berkeley, has oranges 
and lemons ripening in the open air. The trees 
appear to be growing well, aud are green and 
thrifty. A fair-sized basketful was recently 
picked from the orange trees. One of the or- 
anges was a much larger specimen than the av- 
erage market orange, measuring 13 inches in 
oircttmferenoe and 4J iccbee in diamet4«r, 

July 8, 1882.] 


state Horticultural Society. 

(Continued prom i>aoe 19). 

went round and cut them open and took them 
from store to store. They acknowledged they 
were finer goods than any they had in market. 
The merchants said : "They are better goods 
than we get from any cannery, but the amount 
being small, we will have to use smaller fruit of 
a brand that is known, and of which we can get 
all we want." 

A. T. Hatch : I have had but little experi- 
f nee in drying. I estimate the amount of green 
fruit necesia'y to make one pound of dry has 
always been, on the average, higher than what 
seemed to rae the general idea on that subject. 
I have weighed some varieties of plums and 
dried them and found that of Green Gages and 
Columbias it takes seven pounds to make one 
pound of dried fruit. The Columbia about one- 
half pound less than the Gages. Apricots I 
have never tried. I should judge an average 
apricot would decline nearly as much as the 
Columbia plum. My estimate would run, on 
apricots, to about from five to six pounds, 
pitted. I have used an evaporator one year. 
My experience is worth nothing. I was a 
novice when I started in. We got on very 
well. We hope to do better this year from ex- 
perience of last. There are a great many im- 
provements to be made on the first dryings we 
put up. 

The Quarantine Rules. 

Mr. Dwinelle spoke as follows: You all know 
that there is an effort being made to do some- 
thing to prevent the spread of insect pests by 
quarantine measures ; and also that there is a 
difference of opinion as to the necessity of such 
action. Of course, it is not possible now to 
say how that matter will come out. I want to 
call your attention to certain facts which 
shonid interest you. The other day I met a 
certain gentleman who was opposed to these 
quarantine regulations, particularly to the 
scalding of emptied packages. The main rea- 
sons were that in his neighborhood they could 
<<ell fruit, worms and all, to parties in this city, 
knowing what they took, that their main in- 
come came from those kinds of fruit. 

The next day I went to a fruit stand in Oak- 
land, and bought two or three kinds of fruit, 
picking out the worst specimens. From a 
peach which I bought I discovered the exist- 
ence of a larva, very closely related to the cod- 
lin moth. I came to town to give the alarm 
among the dealer?. They found too many of 
whe same sort. I was not welcomed as bring- 
ing good news. I don't announce this as some- 
thing pleasant, but as an unwelcome fact. You 
have in peaches a pest that is closely related to 
the codlin moth. If it increases as the codlin 
moth has the danger cannot be estimated. It 
is white, with a smoky tinge. These pests are 
stealing a march upon us, and before the end 
of the season may do irremedial damage. I 
went to one of the packers and asked him what 
the effect would be. He said he did not like 
to think of it. But you have got to think 
about it, and I don't want to be told next year 
that I didn't warn you of it. There are one or 
two courses to be adopted ; Disinfect your pack- 
ages before allowing them to be shipped back 
to your ranch or adopt the free package. In 
the east all the fruits go to town in free pack- 
ages except peaches. Peaches go sometimes in 
packages which are returned. But I know 
that the peach orchards in the east are afflicted 
with pests that you don't want to face. 

My youth was passed in Monroe county. 
New York, where you have bought a great 
many of your trees. Apricots and plums are 
raised there, but it was at an expense of fight- 
ing the plum weevil or curculio. The reason 
that California fruit is better than eastern is 
not because we have a better climate, but be- 
cause we have never had those pests. Are you 
going to give away your natural chances ? 

A peach grower in Wilmington, Del., had 
3,000 bearing peach trees, and last year $20,000 
damage was done by the curculio. He wrote 
to me to learn what we had done in fighting 

As to whether the plum weevil exists in this 
State or not, I can't say. I will tell you that I 
haven't a cent's interest in a fruit orchard in 
this State, and at the present outlook I don't 
think I would take a fruit orchard as a gift. If 
it be true that boxes have got to be disinfected, 
we can't market our fruit this year. If I 
owned such an orchard, rather than allow one 
box to come back without disinfecting, I would 
send none to market. Men that have .f 100,000 
at stake yet insist upon hugging this source of 

To go on a little: If these laws are over- 
thrown, what are you going to do? I would 
advise you, as a friend, to take immediate action 
to make neighborhood combinations to fight 
these pests in every known way. If you have 
a neighbor opposed to quarantine, I want you 
to put him in the same category as the small- 
pox patient, and I want you to tell him so. 
Ooe gentleman put it right in that way to his 
neighbor. His neighbor said : "I have 1500 to 
test the constitutionality of these laws." This 
party said: "Suppose you had a horse worth 
$2,000 in a pasture, and some one puts in a 
glandered horse." "Why," he said, "the man 
ought to be hanged." "What is the difference 
in principle?" "Why," he said, "I never 
thought of it in that way before." Go to San 
Lorenzo — they will be frank with you. 60 to 
San Jose; go to Novato ranch in Marin county. 
You will find that the people have snffered, and 

that the only hope lies in adopting all pseful 
means in stamping out these insectPa 
The Issue Now Pending. 
Matthew Cooke spoke as follows: The case 
of the fruit growers came up this morning, and 
the Police Judge pronounced the law unconsti- 
tutional. This is a fight of the fruit dealers 
of the city of San Francisco against the fruit 
growers of the State. We know what the cod- 
lin moth has done with the apples and pears. 
Now the peaches are infested with a similar 
pest, and apricots arc also infested. At present 
the fruit-growing industry of th's State, there is no 
doubt, is at stake. The law is questioned through 
the selfishness of a few men. During this year 
there has not been one word against the quar- 

shouldn't forget. An election of members o^ 
the Legislature is not far ahead. Everything 
will depend on the next Legislature, Let it be 
seen to that farmers who have the right views 
on this subject are sent there. 1 believe the 
solution of the whole matter is in free packages. 
It will come to that. Let Mr. Cooke study 
how to make free boxes so cheap that the fruit 
men will be willing to adopt that remedy. 

A. T. Hatch : As the decision of .Judge Rix 
has put a stop to the disinfecting of boxes, I 
would suggest that the fruit growers ask that 
their commission merchants disinfect their 
boxes and the charges be added to their bill. 
The free box is the only true way to get rid of 
this nuisance. 


antine laws except by a few men, led by A. 
Lusk & Co. Throughout the State they are 
the only persons who have complained. Mr. 
Runyon, of Cortland, said, at a recent meeting, 
that he had read an article in the Sacramento 
Union, and then laid his paper down, and the 
first thing he did was to examine his old boxes, 
and he caught 13 larvie of the codlin moth, 
and then scalded all the boxes in hot water. 
At the same meeting he said: "Send me to 
the next Legislature and I will make it a felony 

Dr. Chapin, of San Jose : The law has been 
working in Santa Clara county, and has accom- 
plished a vast deal of good. Real estate has 
nearly doubled in value in the valley. Fully 
nim -tenths of our fruit growers are heartily in 
favor of enforcing these laws. They have found 
remedies in effectually destroying the scale 
bugs. I will say that the fruit growers this 
season are using free packages, and I venture to 
say that in another year we shall see great 
changes on this subjeo''. Free packages will 


for a man to return a box to a ranch. Judge 
Rix has taken it upon himself to say that the 
law is unconstitutional. In regard to future 
action, however, as far as I am concerned, it is 
going to depend upon the fruit growers them- 
selves. I get $1,800 sdary and .$500 traveling 
expenses. Last year my traveling expenses 
alone amounted to $1,200. I make no money 
out of my office. I am at work from five in the 
morning until midnight. In one day I answered 
.35 letters inquiring about fruit pests. I am 
not at liberty now to say what will be done in 
maintaining the law, but I can say that my 
work against fruit pests will not cease. I spent 
thousands of dollars in this work before the law 
was passed, and I shall not stop now, but how 
far my work shall prove of direct value to the 
fruit growers they must themselves determine." 
The Next Le^rlBlature. 
Mr. Jaa. Shinn: There is one remedy that we 

be substituted. Redwood apple bo"e8 are now 
offered to uo at about 6A cts. each in the shook, 
and small packages in proportion. I have 
never used a return box, even when paying 16 
cts. for apple boxes. I will not have one of 
these returned to my orchard. 

Mr. Shinn : Would not redwood boxes im- 
part a taste or flavor to the fruit ? 

Dr. Chapin : I believe that to be the case with 
some fruits. Peaches, perhaps, would not be so 
well shipped in redwood. I believe Mr. Cook 
is preparing to furnish pine boxes at nearly the 
same rates as redwood boxes are now offered to 

Mr. Jessup: I think there is a mistake about 
the redwood imparting any flavor. It departs 
no odors. The only damage is by staining. The 
lumber that does give out this odoriswhat 
is called the Pt. Orford oeder. One slat of that 
in a box will destroy the flavor of the frait. 

Mr. West thought Mr. Jessup was mistaken 
and held that redwood did affect the flavor of 
the fruit in some cases. 

At the July meeting the subject of budding 
will be discussed. James Shinn was requested 
to open the discussion. Another subject will 
be fig growing. All members are requested to 
bring samples of figs, in order that the fruit may 
be compared and, if possible, proper names de- 
termined upon. 

Upon motion, all members of the society who 
dry fruit this year were requested to keep ac- 
count of the weighings of different varieties of 
fruit, green and dry, in order to determine 
what the yield from certain quantities of ereen 
fruit may be. All fruit growers who have ex- 
perience on this point are requested to send the 
results to the society, so that a wide range of 
experience may be drawn upon. 

Draining and Irrigating Machinery. 

We illustrate herewith one of the San Fran. 
Cisco Tool Company's turbine pumps, such as 
was erected last summer for lifting the sewage 
and surface water at the city of Sacramento. 
The engraving is in true elevation, giving front 
and side views of what the makers call a 200- 
inch pump. These pumps, as we have before ex- 
plained, differ materially from those made in 
Europe for similar purposes. Instead of the 
runner filling or fitting the casing at the sides, 
a wide annular space is left so as to reduce 
water friction. The runner itself is constructed 
similarly to a turbine water-wheel, and being en- 
closed, as it is called, there is no friction in the 
interior, except that of the water passing 
from the center outward through the 
vents. These are curved to suit the condi- 
tions of the bight to which the water is to be 
lifted and the rate of duty required. The 
pumps are set vertical for both draining and 
irrigating, so as not to be affected by variations 
of the liead to be drawn from. The belts, 
engine and other details are placed two feet or 
more above the driving pulley at A, and eight 
feet or more above the base of the pump, and 10 
to 12 ft. above the supply level. The pumps 
work equally well when submerged, so that the 
machinery is not likely to be flooded. 

The bearings of the pump are of phosphor 
bronze, the spindles of steel, and the pumps be- 
ing vertical, with all bearings above the 
water, there is none of that rapid wear so 
common with horizontal pumps. The weight 
and vertical thrust are taken up on two radial 
bearings, with steel collars between. There is 
no packing gland on the main spindle, the joint 
being formed by a thrust collar. 

The priming pipe, C, is connected with a 
tank, and also with the boiler feed-pump, so the 
pump casing can be filled at starting. The 
suction pipe at C has an area of 200 inches, and 
is fitted with a double wing-valve at the bot- 

The efiicieney attained by these pumps for 
lifts of 20 ft., or less, exceeds that of piston 
pumps, while their cost is not more than one- 
fourth as much. The motion being rotary, 
there is no vibration, and expensive foundations 
are avoided. The San Francisco Tool company 
is now preparing plans for a plant of machinery 
to be erected on Rough-and Ready island, on 
the San Joaquin river. The pumps, three in 
number, will have an aggregate capacity of 25,- 
000, OOOgallonsper diem, workingunder ordinary 
conditions and employing from 80 to lOO-horse 
power. There will be two engines, either of 
which can be used to drive one, two or three 
pumps at will and as the head may require. 

We htva previously given sme comments 
respecting the raising of water for draining and 
irrigating purposes in the United States. With 
a few trivial exceptions, this problem is one 
confined to the Pacific coast. The long drouth 
of our summers and the low level of river del- 
tas demand irrigation and drainage. 

The method of raising water applicable to 
mines, however well understood, is not at all 
adapted for draining and irrigating, except in 
cases when only a small quantity of water is to 
be dealt with, and we look with interest for 
further facts relating to the method we have 
just described. 

The ordinary centrifugal pumps of commerce 
are not adapted to such duty. If one '.vill take 
the trouble to compute the flow area and pres- 
sures ports ining to a common ceutrifugtl pump, 
or rather to their rated performance, it will be 
seen in some cases that the pressure required to 
drive the water through the pipes without lift- 
ing it would equal a duty of raising it HO ft. 
Here is where the English makers of centrifu- 
gal pumping machinery have made their princi- 
pal improvements in enlarging all water ducts 
and making the course as straight and continu- 
ous as possible. 

In respect to crooked courses and agitation, 
Mr. J. R. Maxwell, of the firm of Cope & Max- 
well, the well-known hydraulic engineers, once 
made a remark that covers the whole ground. 
Mr. Maxwell was called to examine what is 
called Shaw's propeller pump. He looked 
at the pump, and then remarked in 
his peculiar, deliberate way, that, "so far as his 
experience went, it cost enough to lift water, 
without churning it into foam, especially as the 
latter operation consumed more power than the 

In this matter lies another principle to be 
carefully considered — the agitation of water, 
either by the action of pump vanes or tortuous 
courses; applicable alike to pumps of all kinds^ 
■apeoially centrifugal pumps. 



[July 8, 1882 

The Handsomest, Stiffest. and Most Durable. No Rust. No Decay. Secure Against Fire. Flood and Wind. 

IT IS THE ONLY BARB WIRE that will prevent small animala, 8uch as rabbits, hares, pigs, dogs, cats, etc., from passing through, nnder or over it, the barbs are so near each other. 
The Barbs being triangular-shaped, like the teeth of a saw, and close together, there is no cruelty to animals, as they cannot pierce the hide; they only prick, which is all that is ever necessary 

as no animal will go mar a Barb Fence, twice. 

AS THE WIRE IS NOT BENT OR TWISTED, its tensile strength is much greater than the Wire in all other Barb Wire Fences, as they are all made of twisted or bent Wire. 

HEAT AND COLD CANNOT AFFECT THE AMKllICAN BAllB FENCE, as it can be allowed to sag when put up, enough to cover contraction and expansion, becaiLse it is a continuout 
Barb, and cannot slip through the staples one inch. Each panel of Fence takes care of itself. 

The Barbs cannot be displaced or rubbed off, and are not pounded on and indented into the wire to hold them in place, as in other Barb Wire, thereby decreasing the strength of the Wire 
The Barbs are short, and broad at the base, where strength is required. 

THE PAINTED WEIGHS A POUND TO THE ROD, so that the purchaser knows exactly how much fencing he is getting. Oalvanized weighs slightly more. 


1 10, 112, 114 and 1 16 Battery St., San Francisco, 

Sole Agents for the Pacific Coast. 

Summer Resorts. 

HighlaDd Springs 


This popular and healthful summer and winlor report 
(or famines, pleui:ure seekers and invalids, is situated in 

Lake County, 25 Miles from Cloverdale, 

Seven miles south of Lakeport, four miles of KeNeyville, 
and in sight of Clear L^ke, at an altitude of 1700 feet, 
and is Sbeltered from the Col llDfc Coast 
Winds and Fokb by muuDtaina 1600 feet iu hight, 
which (or 

(Jrandeur anil Beauty nf Scenery are Vnsurpatted on 
the facijic Coatt, 

While the Beneficial Effects of its Mineral Waters arc 
e<|ual to aa3' in the United States or Europe. 


AMljrsed 1)7 Pi:(. V7. B. Eismj, Uaivcrsity ct Califsniij. 


O rains per 
U. S. Gallon. 

Chloride of Sodium 1.290 

Bicarbonate o( PiUsh 0.544 

Bicarbonate of Soda 21.7(13 

Bicarbonate of Lime 60 411 

Bicarbonate of Magnesia 70.243 

Bicarbonate of Iron 0.973 

Bicarbonate of Manganese trace 

Silica 7 398 

Alumina 0.169 

Organic Matter trace 

Free Cirbunic Acid 74 462 

Total 237. 2C2 

W. B. LisiNS, Berkeley, April 3, 18b2. 

Dr. C M. Bates (formerly of San Francisco), having 
become sole propiietor, by purchase and lease, of these 
Justly celebrated Springe, will devote all necessary time 
and attention to persons requiring the use of th« waters. 

Oood Hotel and Cottage Accommodations. 
CarriaKe?, Buggies and Saddle Horses 
Furnished at Reasonable Bates. 

Cloverdale and Lakeport stage stops at hotel dail}'. 
Pobt Ottice and Telephone connected with hotel. 

Direct Route via San Rafael and Cloverdale 7;10 a. m., 
will arrive at Springe 5:30 r. M. 

By steamer "UOcVAUUE." via Donahue Landing 2;30 
p. M., will remain over night in Cloverdale; and via Naja 
and Calistoga, H:U(> .\. .m. 

On Taeadaya, Thursdays and Saturdays 
Will be met at Kelseyville with private conveyance, if 

For further particulars, address 


Highland Springs, Lake Co. (via Cloverdale). 


Lake County, Cal. 



These Springs are particutarV beneficial in imrif^ing Die 
blood, ami unnnri.aitied by a'ly in the State for the cure of 
rheumat'Kiii, dropsy, scrufula, weak lungs, JyHpept^ia. costive- 
uess, catarrh, livvr and bidney compiaints, zinl all ktndi^ of 
disoaRcff arming from impurity of the hlood. Go< i\ Hunting 
au'l Fishiug. Hoar l aurl lioom jier week. aud *12. 

The ADAMS .s|'UIN<;S are lucatcd in the I'lne M< unt- 
ains of Lake County, California, ahout tight niilcH south of 
Clear Lake, two and r n* -half miles from theSiegler Spring!", 
two and one-half miles from ' Bassetl's" place, in Cohh 
ley. only six miles (by a good trail) from the Harttin Hot 
Sulphur SpriugB, and twenty eight miles from Calistoga. 

Connections made with Lakeport Stages at Calistoga, 
Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, thn)ugh in one day. 
Fare, ^r. 50. The Hotel and Cottaeea are thoroughly reno- 
vated, and the new prfprietcrs will do tvurithtng in their 
power to make their visitors comfortable. 




SODA BAY, on Clear Lake, Lake county, Cal,, the favoi^ 
ite lacustrine resr rt, is justly rf garded as combining greater 
advantages and affording more attractive and interesting 
natural ttaturea than ar.y rther watering place iu tha Stat«. 
The c imate, as a relief from the severe winds of the coast, 
is invaluO)le fi>r the health of children and delicate persotis 
-indeeeil, fur all requiring the change demanded annually 
by the residents of San Francisco. While tntiiely freefrom 
the fog, tiie wln<l and ihe chill of the sta coast, the climate 
is greatly nioilitied from the heat of the inttriur by the prox- 
imity of the beautiful lake, upon the margm of which, for a 
distance t f two miles the grounds are exttnded. A splen- 
did grove of live oak, pine and mau^anita treci", of gnat age 
and gi?antic gTowih. affords the most delightful shade. A 
beautiful bathing beach offers the choicest faciUties for 
aquatic pastime, tartrom the danger of tte sea Furf or chill. 

ThefJreat Spring-Indian name. OMAll-AClI HAU BEE. 
emitting not less than a million gallons daily, (jf delicious 
effervescing soda water, is one of the most interebtlng natu 
ral curiosities of Califoinia. and the bath in i*s exhilaiating 
fountain has an electrical effect that is ae delightful as it is 
beautiful. Extrarrdinary solfatanc action all around the 
shore of the bay, due to the presence of innumeralile min- 
eral springs and che.nical action upon a vat^tly extended 
scale, has given the place the name by which it is known— 
Soda Bay. 

Daily excursiocs are made to Borax Lake. 8i Iphur Hanbs, 
and other points of interest. A new trail leads to the sum- 
mit of Uncle Fam, 4,400 ft. above the sea. 

Ample provisions are made for the entertainment of the 
patrons of this popular resort The Hotel and the cottages 
are furnished with comfort and taste. Among th« diversums 
of the place are boating and. sailing-yacht and sUamer. 
bowling, billiards, crtujuet. eiiuestrian exercise, lishing and 
hunting, and a beautiful pavilion for music and dancing'; in 
short, nothing is lacking for thy enjoyment of those who 
peek rest and recuperation or interesting and healthful re 
creation beneath the shady oaks and by the ever beautiful 
lake, in a climate which, for health and for comfoit. is ac- 
knowledged to be unsurpassed, if, indeed, equaled in the 
woild. Billiards, croquet, ten pins, aud baths, free. 

To re«ch Sorla Bay from San Francisco, go by train to 
Calistopa or Cloverdale. thence by stage to Kelseyville. at 
which place a carriage from the hotel will meet passengers. 
Through time. II hours For further information adih-tss, 
A. K. GREGG. Uncle Sam P. O., Lake Co., Cal. 

Calaveras Big Trees, 




Tourists can find at the Calaveras Group lirger, talkr 
and a greater numter of Big Trees thun can be found in 
all other grovts of California combined. 

THE M.VM.Vlo lU GKOVE HOTEL is situatid right in 
the Calaveras drove. This grove contains U3 if these 
giants of the forest. 


Is six miles distnnt, and contains l.SSO liig Trees of im- 
mense size. Tnis grove h.i8 been inaccessible to visitors 
uniil quite retcntly. A good horseback road now con- 
nects the two groves There is the finest trout fishing 
and hunting in the immediate vicinity. 

Those seeking heahh or pleasure can Pnd the very best 
climate in California, and first-class hotel accomodations. 

Fare from San Fra' cisco. $11; from Stockton, $.S. Leave 
Stockton at !i o'clock a. ii.;bv rail to Milton. Thence by 
stage coach to Trees t ame day . « 

Stage to and from Yosemite leaves and arrives daily. 

No. 3 Slonigomery St., S. F. 



The Spriogs are now open for the reception of gueetfi. 
dtages leave Calistoga daily, on arrival of morning trains 
from San Fr&ucisco and Saciamento. Bta^^e Fare K«duced 
t X RICHARD WILLLAMS. Proprietor. 


situated 16 Miles Northeast of Clear Lake, 

in Lake County, 
Forty miles West of Williamp, Colusa county, on the 
main traveled road from Colusa to Mendocino. 

Three Different Routes to the Springs, 

PORT and rpPEK I AKE, one via CALISTOGA and 
LOWER LAKE, and all connecting with the train 


Fare will not exceed TWELVE Dollars either way. 
Dailv Mail via LAKEPvRT, Semi-weekly mail via WIL- 
LIAMS. Post Office, Express Office and Telegraph Office 
here all the year through. 

J.- O CKfo^B^. PToprletore. 

Pacific Congress Springs. 

This Celebra'ed Refort for PLEASURE and HEALTH 
will be opened for the rfception of guesta 
On and after April 15th. 

Stage connections made at LOS G.VTOS with MORN- 
ING and AFTERNOON trains of the Narrow-gauge Rail- 


Can be purchased at FERRY LANDING, foot of Market 
street, San Francisco, PRICE, S3 .75 
And ariangements maHe at any time by addressing 


Saratof^. Cal. 



Self Opening Iroi Farm Gate 

I'at. iittd May 3, mi ) 

It Inllic 4 liiiiiiiiloii 4.alo of llic Morlil lor 11.4 
Siiii|ill<-ily. Uiiraliilil v and gfiicral K.xrfllciicf. 

.Vjii.inotox Fai;m. T)avis\ ii.i.e. Yolo Co., .lune 3. 1882. 

A 1" C.VMl To.-j. Esy . l),;n- Sir: The two Autonntic Iron 
Gates of your patent (one 12 and the other 10 ft ni width) 
erected by yon on my farm, two niili .s west of Datisville. 
have given me entire satisfaction. Thty ate all you repre- 
sent them to h», the moot BuVrttantial. the neatest and the 
most easily opeiated of any gate that 1 know of. They are 
jvist the Kate that every fanner should have; in fact, they 
cat not art'ord to do without them. Respectfully yours, 

II. M. Lari k. 

A. P. Campton, P. O Bo.v, 1210. San Jose. Cal . patentee; 
.lohn Aylward. manufacturer, P. O. Boi, 88, Liveimore, Ala 
meila Co., Cdl.. an<l Jas. Btauley, Mission .San .lose. Cal., 




TIeKEST FANN'IN<; Ml). I. IN nil. Ob- 
tain tl Cdittnnial Award ainl tiraii.! Meditl. al.-n l>('..4t award 
at Paris hxpt,rtiti»in in 18/8. It ckaiis pertectly Oata. Cheis. 
Cockle, and all luul matter from Wheat and liatl.y. It 
gradts and separates for .Seeding and Market, clearsall kinds 
of small setiLs, and will save any farnier its cost annually. 
Lowest freiglits procured for purchasers. Address, 

DICKKV & PKASE. Manufacturers, Racine, Wis 


I _ NOT 

Orit NEW PACK FOR issa. 
&<) AI.LChr 

Cards. Hifr: 
su«jKl/\rti*tic d,-sii:ij» r.VhuiHMFlurol.^ca- 
Vlew, Wreulh, l.andwupo, Oold nnj 
Silver Panel. Hlrd Motto, Itulterfly, 
Moonllelit.SiinimeranJ \Vlntcr.s<-.en«i, 
• 11 In b.-Hu-, li,ul(:^u lvjr.-l..ri,w;th y.ur n.iiiie In f«n. y t.vpe, 
lOo. U..nkof »O cr.stly Slvlr3f..r l'<ijS!5o. 40 prrcent 
raid t<..\ ' li.or lj.'«iitifuljirijp« irlvcn for clubi. Piirll.uUn witli tr- 
Jrvor.l.T. f.VXTON PRINTING f«. Northford Conn.' 

Gius H. Ghat. 

Jamu Bavik. 

Attorneys and Counsellers-at-Law, 

SK) Oallfomla St. SAN PHAN0I8OO 

Dewey & Co. U.r^k^?st } Patent Agt's 


r San Francisco 

— TO— 

In Elbven Hours. 

Pamengers leave San Francisco via C. P. R. R., at 8 a. 
M.; arrive at Calistoga 11:15 a. m . Leave Calistogk at \i 
M. daily (Siinda} s excepted); ariivc at Lakeport in even- 
ing. On Tuesdays, Thursdays andSatuidajs stages leave 
Calistoga 'or Lakeport via Mi idleton, Qlenbrook, Kelsey- 
ville and Soda Bay; Returning alternate days. 

This is the Most Direct Line from 
San Francisco to Lakeport. 

Most Picturesque an! Romantic Route on the Coast. 
From Mt. St. Helena it affords the traveler a view of the 
famed Napn and Russian Rivrr Valleys and the Coast 
Range; and from Cohb Mountain to the great Clear Lake 
Region in front and the Pacific ocean in the rear. This 
line connects with stages for Audercon. Adams, Siocler, 
Howard Springs ard Soda Bi»'. On Mondays, V ednes- 
days and Fridays stages have Calistoga atl'iM for Mid- 
dleton, Guenoc, Lower Lake, ami Sulphur Banks; retnm- 
ingalteniate days. This lire connects at Lower Lake 
with stages for Siegler, Howard, .\damsandihe celebrated 
l$artlett Springs. These lines are stocked with tine 


Driven by the most skillful drivers on the roaft. For full 
information antj tickets apply to SAM. MILLER. 

Tourist and Ticket A^t , 
2 New Mont^romery St., Palace Hotel. 

^"Round Trip Tickets to Lakeport and Return, $12. 
SinKte Tickets. $0.50. 
Lakeport office at W. W. Green's Hotel. 
John Ci^akk. Aennt W. F. Firiikr Proorietor. 

JExoelsior Fruit Fitter. 

Invented by A. Doratella. 

Thi9 machine recommends itself 
by tbe following tnod qualities: 

Rapidity of work, one operator 
doing the work of four with knives. 
It cleans the pit perfectly, wastes 
no fruit, acd Uav< h the plum iu 
two equal parts. It is easily op- 
crated. Makes no litter, the pits 
dropping in a vessel under tho 
table. Tbe plum reraaming be- 
tween thumb and linger can be 
pUccd directly on the riddle fur 
the Do'er. Sim litity of col- 
struct'on. Cannot eet out of or- 
der. Will work e«|ually well od 
jrreen or very ripe Plum.s. Prunes, 
Apricots or Nectarines pitted with 
this machine dry more evenly and 
l(M)k nicer than when chipped 
off with a knife. 
Tbe low price comes within reach 
of all and will p»»y for itself with two day n work. It la in- 
valuaVWe to the Lousewife for preparing fruit for canning and 
other purposes Ask your hardware dealer lor it. Try it 
and be convlucLd. For pnTticularR address, 

A. DONATELLA, Uealdsburg, Cal. 

California Inventors 

.should con- 
sult DEWEY 
at CO., Amir- 

ICAN .\M' FoKKi'iN P.MK ' T oLf' r I < ills, fur obtaining Pat- 
ents and Caveats. Established in ISiiO. Their long ex- 
perience as journalists oiH large practice as ]>atent attor- 
neys enables ihem to offer Pacific Coast inventors far bet- 
ter service than they can obtain elsewhere. Send for free 
circulars of infornr<ation. Ottice of the Hi.vino and 
Scientific Prrss and Pacific Bi raIj Prrss, No. 2S2 Mar- 
ket St., S. F. Elevntor. 12 Front .St. 

Muller's Optical Depot, 

136 Montgomery St, near Buah. 

The most complicated casefl of defect 
ive vision thoroujfhly dia^osed, free of 
charjfe. Orders by mail, or cxprose 
promptly attended to. 

Compound Astigmatic Lenses Mounted to 
Order. Two Hours Notice. 

July 8, 1882.] 


Bs\EE desks' Dli^EC7©f^Y' 

Six lines or less In this Directory at 50 cts a line per month. 


WILLIAM NILBS, Los Angeles, Cal. Thorough- 
bred Poultry, Cattle and Hogs. Write for circular. 

PETER SAXE Ss SON, Lick House, S. F. Importers 
and Breeders for past eleven years. Berkshires, 
"Jerseys," "Short Horns," and all varieties of Sheep, 
and their grades. 

Station, S. F. & N. P. R. R., Sonoma County. Wilfred 
Page, Manager. P. O. address, Petaluma, Cal. Short 
Horn Bulls and Cows, Spanish Merino Bucks and Ewes, 
for sale at reasonable figures. 

SYLVESTER SCOTT, Cloverdale, Sonoma Co., Cal., 
Breeder of Recorded Thoroughbred Short Horn Cattle 
and Spanish Merino Sheep. Jacks and Jennets for sale 
at reasonable figures. 

ROBT. BECK, San Francisco. Breeder of Thorough- 
bred Jersey cattle. Herd took Six Premiums of the 
eleven offered at State Fair, 1881. 

GEO. BEMENT, Redwood City, San Mateo Co.. Cal. 
Breeder of Ayrshire Cattle. Several fine young Bulls, 
Yearlings and Calves For Sale. 

R. MCENESPY, Chico, Butte Co., Cal. Breeder of 

Thoroughbred Devons 

B. P. FISH, Santa Clara, Cal. Breeder of thorough- 
bred Jersey Cattle and Black Hawk Comet horses. 


E. A. SACKRIDBR, 325 Eleventh St., Oakland, 
Cal Importer of Norman-Percheron horses. Horses 
• on hand and for sale at reasonable terms. 


tu U. SHIPPEE, Stockton, CaL Importer and 
Breeder of Spanish Merino Sheeo. Dnrham Cattle, R8- 
sex and Berkshire Swine. High Graded Rams for sale. 

J. B. HOYT, Bird's Landing, Solano Co., Cal. Breeder 
and Importer of Shropshire Sheep. Rams and Ewes 
for sale. Also, cross-bred Merino and Shropshire. 

E. W. WOOLSEY & SON, Fulton, Sonoma Co., 
Cal. Importers and Breeders of choice Thoroughbred 
Spanish Merino Sheep. City office, No. 418 California 
St., S. F. 


TOULOUSE GEESE at $15 per pair; $20 per trio; 
Eggs, t& pei dozen. Bronze Turkeys, *10 per pair; Eggs, 
$4 per dozen. Address '1'. D. Morris, Sonoma, Cal., 
breeder and importer of all kinds of thoroughbred 

T. WAITE, Brighton, Sacramento Co., Importer and 
Breeder ot 'I'lioroughbred Poultry. Took Premiums at 
State Fair,lS80 and 18Sl,of Legliorns, Brown and White, 
S.S. Hamburg, Plymouth Rocks and Fekin Duck's Eggs 
$3 per dozen. 

MRS. M. E. NEWHALL, San Jose, Cal. Bronze 
TurkeyM, brown and White Leghorns, Plymouth Rocks, 
Pekin Ducks. 

H. S. SARGENT, Stockton, Cal. Importer, Breeder 
and Shipper of Poland China Pigs, and Bronze Turkeys. 

L. C. BYCE, Petaluma, Cal. Breeder ot Thorough- 
bred Poultry. Illustrated circular free. 

830. No. 1011 Broadway, Oakland. Send for circular 

I. L. DIAS, Box 242, Petaluma, Cal., manufacturer new 
Petaluma Incubator. Send for circular and references. 


JOHN RIDER, Sacramento, Cal. Breeder of Thor- 
oughbred Berkshire Swine. My stock of Hogg are all 
recorded in the American Berkshire Record. 

TYLER BEACH, San Jose. Cal. Breeder of thor- 
oughbred Berkshires of stock imported by Gov. Stanford 


J. D. ENAS, Sunnyside, Napa, Cal., Breeds Pure 
Italian Queen Bees. Comb Foundation. 

Mission Rock Dock and Grain Warehoise. 

San Francisco, OaL 
©6,000 tons capacity. Storage at lowest rat« 
CAUFORNLA DRY DOCK CO. - - Proprietors 
Office— S18 California Street, Room 8. 



Price Reduced 

TO $1.25 PERf Al,LON. 

Twenty gallons 0' fluid 
mixed with cold water will 
make 1,200 gallons Dip. 

Apply to FALKNER, 
BELL & CO., San Francisco 



Buggies, Farm & Freight Wagons, 


Cor. Thirteenth and J Sts., Sacramento, Cal. 

tyRepairing promptly attended to.'^i 


Twenty (20) head of Thoroughbred BERKSHIRE PIGS 
from six (C> weeks to three (8) months old. Can furnish 
males from different herds of equally good stock. Apply 
to Q. M., 39 Clay street, S. F. 

Oakland Poultry Yards, 

Cor. 17th and Castro Sts., Oakland, Cal. 


Importer and Breeder of all the best known and most 
profitable varieties of Land and Water Fowls. 

Brahmas, Cochins, Houdans, Langshans, 
Leghorns, Polish Hamburgs, 
Bronze Turkeys, 
And the new fowl AMERICAN SEBRIGHT or EUREKA. 


No. 1, Capacity, 550 Eggs, Price, $90. 
No. 2, •' 250 •• '■ 65. 

No. 3, " 180 " " 45. 

Guaranteed to hatch NINETY PER CENT, of all fertile 
egffs; 9,000 cbickena successfully reared from two of these In- 
cubators last season. For further particulars send stamp 
for illustrated circular to It. ISAYLEY, 

Box 1771, San Francisco. 

Duroc, or Red Hogs. 

The undersigned are making a specialty of raising this cele 
brated breed of hogs for breeding purposes. Ihey are gentle, 
tliriftyaiid of very rapid growtli, and better adapted to this 
climate than any othtr breed of hogs. We have lioga of this 
breed now upon our ranch, 11 mouths old. weighing over 400 
Itjs. each. N. W. Wpaulding, XI. S. 6uh-Trea.^urer, Han Fran- 
cisco, killed one of these hogs Dec. 14, 1881, at the age of 16 
months, tliat weiglicd oSS ll-s. gross, and 584 lbs. dressed. 

Ou Dec. 22. 1881, Messrs Ziirinierman, Strouse ili Co., of 
the Bay City market, S. F., killed one weighing 1018 ttis. net 
when dressed. 3 years Hud 3 montbs old. We are prepared 
now ID ship to any part of this State these pigs 6 to 12 weeks 
of age. For prices and circulars address, 


Laurelles Ranch, Monterey, Cal. 


Hogs 6l Cattle. 

Langshans, Brahmas, Cochins, Leg- 
horns, Houdans, Plymouth Rocks, W. 
F. Black Spanish, Guinea Fowls. Aylesbury, Rouen 
and Pekin Ducks. Bronze and White Holland Torkbys. 
Peacocks, Etc. Also, Eggs for Hatching. 

Dish-Faced Berkshire Pigs, Poland China 
Pigs, Jersey Cattle, etc 


New Edition, over 100 pages. Handsomely Illustrated 
Price by mail, 50 cents. 

Stock or Eggs for Hatching guaranteed true to name, 
and to arrive safely. For further information please 
write, enclosing stamp. Circular and price list sent on 
application. Address 

Los Angeles, Cal. 



Free from Poison. Prepared by 
the Italian Government Co. 
Cures thoroughly the 


The BEST and CHEAPEST rem- 

edy known. Reliable testimonials ot our office. 

Has been Applied In Destroying the 
Phylloxera and Garden Bugs 
with Success. 

For particulars apply to CHAS. DUISENBERG ^ CO 
Sole Agents, 314 Sacramento St., San Francisco. 

Calvert'8 Carbolic 


per Gallon. 

After dipping the Sheep, Is use- 
ful for preserviiig wet hides, de- 
stroying the vine pest, and for 
wheat dressings and disinfecting 
purposes, etc. T. W. JACKSON 
S. F., Sole Agent for Pacific Coast 


Baden Station, - - San Mateo Co- 
Breeder of Short Horn Cattle, Dairy Cows and Berkshire 
Pigs. Cotalogues on application. 


Non-E xplosive Steam Engines, Best Railway and Lever 
Horse Powerp, Threshing Machines, Straw-Preserving 
Threshers. La Dow's Disc and Steel Spring Tooth Har- 
rows, Eagle Sulky Horse Rakes. Cultivators. Peed Mills. 
Feed Steamers, &c., iic. Whkkleb & Mf.i.k k Co.. Albany, 
N Y. Established 1880. Bend for Illustrated Catalogue 


All Gold, Chromo and Lithograph Cards. (No two 
alike). Name on, 10c. Clinton Bros., ClintonviUe, Con. 



It Ciires all Diseases of Poultry, Keeps Hens 
Healthy and Makes them Lay. 

1-lb. Boxes, 40 Cts. 3-lb. Boxes, $1. 
10-lb. Boxes, $2.50. 25-lb. Boxes, $5. 

B. F. WELLINGTON, Prop'r. 

i^Also. Importer and Dealer In Seeds. 

425 Washington St., San Francisco. 


Ad English Veterinary Surgeon and Uhemiat, now 
traveling in this country, says that most of the Horse 
and Cattle Powders sold here are worthless trash. He 
says that Sheridan's Condition Powders are absolutely 
pure and immensely valuable. Nothing on earth will 
mikehenslaylikeSberidan's Condition Powders. Doae. 
one teasDoonf ul to one pint food. Sold everv where, or sent 
by mail for eight letter stamps I. 8. JOHNSON & Co.. 
Boston, Mass , formerly Bangor. Me. 


Importers and Breeders of THOROUGHBRED 


Choioe RAMS and EWES for Sale. Ranch at Fulton, 
Sonoma county, Cal , and N. P. B. R. DIRECT TO THE 
RANCH, via Guerneville Branch at Fulton. Address, 
E. W. WOOLSEy & SON, Fulton, Sonoma Co., 
Cal., or 418 California St , S. F. 



Spanish Merino 


First Premium Flock for Four Years. Two hundred 
head for sale cheap for cash, or on terms to suit custo- 
mers. tS" Orders promptly Hlled! 


Address, E. W. PEET, Manager, Haywards, Alameda 
Co., Cal. Box 1104, 


Langshans, Cochins, Brah- 
mas, Leghorn^, Plymouth 
Rocks, Dorkings, Pchin and 
Rouen Ducks, Bronze Tur I 
keys, Etc. 

I have a large stock of the 
above varieties for sale cheap -r 
considering the quality of 
the stock. My Birds are raised on large farms^^wliere 
they have unlimited range, giving them a 

Which ia very desirable in any Breeding Stock. 

For further information send 3-cent stamp for new cir 
cular and price list, to 

R. O. HEAD, Napa, Cal. 



For sale in lots to suit at low prices. 
Cornwall Station, Contra C ->8ta County. 


Wine Cooperage Co. 

FULD A BROS . Proprietors. 

so to 40 Spear St , S F. 
Ship, Mining and Water Tanks a Specialty. 



E. A. SCOTT & CO., 

Sole Importers and Dealers for the Pacific. 

P. 0. Box 293, Sacramento, Cal. 

Circulars furnished on application. 

To Fis h R aisers. 

I am now ready to sell Carp which were Imported by me 
from Qetmnas in 1873, in lota to salt. Address 

J. A. POPPB, EoDoma, Otl. 


Of California, 


Authorized Capital, - $1,000,00 , 

In 10,000 Shares of $100 each. 

Capital Paid up in Gold Coin, $531,200. 

Reserve Pond and Paid op Stock, 31,178. 



A. D. LOGAN Vice-President 

AXBERT MONTPELLDEE Oaahler and Manager 

FRANK MoMtJlLEN .7, " .ae^tlS 


JOHN LEWELLING, President Nana Co 

^- f ■^'^^F^^^^ ■■■■■ ■■ ■ ^R'o Visto 

TYNAN Stanislaus Co 

V^HJiy^r?;T;^ Clara Co 

H m'^t'^a^^F^^ Solano Co 

H. M. LARUE Yolo Co 

I. C. STEELE San Matenrn 

THos mcconnell; 1 ! ! 1 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! :.-.-.-.W.sac™mento° cl 

J. CRESSEY Merced Co 

f'^^tA'^^ • V.V.V.V.V.V,V.V.-. .NapaoS 

A. D. LOGAN Colusa Oo 

CURRENT ACCOUNTS are opened and oondnoted in the 
usual way, bank books balanced up and atatemento of a<v 

counts rendered every month 

LOANS ON WHEAT and coimtry produce a specialty 

COLLECTIONS throughout the Country are made 
promptly and proceeds remitted as directed. 

GOLD and SILVER deooaits reoeivea 

CERTIFICATES of DEPOSIT issued payable on 

TERM DEPOSITS are received and interest allowed as 
follows: 4/C per annum if left for 6 months; 5% per annum if 
left for 12 months. 

BILLS OF EXCHANGE of the Atlantic States bought 
and sold. 


Cashier and Manager. 

San Francisco. Jan. 16, 18J2. 

Lands for Sale and to Let. 

Fruit and Homestead lands 


Having purchased the tract cf land adjoining the town 
of Vacaville, known as the Mason-Wilson tract, contain- 
ing 492 acres, and subdivided the same, I am prepared to 
sell from five acres upwards, as desired. 

This land being located in Vaca Valley, known for itg 
early and superior fruits, offers valuable inducements to 
those desiring to engage in the business, or for pleasant 
country homes. 

For climate, healthfulness and school facilities it is un- 
surpassed in the State, and easy of access by a branch 
railroad from Elmira. 

I will sell upon favorable terras. For particulars 
Apply to w. B. PARKER, 

Vacaville, Solano, Co., Cal. 

Good Crops Every Season 
Without Irrigation. 

Free by mail, specimen number of "The California Reaf. 
Estate E^-chanye and Mart," full of reUable information on 
climate, productions, etc., of 


Aidless "Exriutnye it Mart," Sauta Cruz. Cal. 


One of the best and well-known farms 
in A'amtda County; near station; all 
level bottom laud; very productive. Two 
thousand acr( 8 at the low price ot 860 
per acri', not including the present crop, 
worth over per acre. Terms, Cash, 
or part deferred payments, low interest. 

410 Montgomery St. 


A farm of 418 acres, 8 miles southeast from Martinez, 
in Contra Costa county. Subslantial improvements; well 
adapted to grain and stock. Re'erenco, Judge Brown, 
Berry Baldwin, or S. Bennet, Martinez, and the proprie- 
tor on the place, WM. C. PRINCE. 

Stock Range. 

Parties wishing to purchase good stock raising lands, 

unaffected by severe drouths, will do well to address the 
undersigned. The lands can he purchased cheap, in lots 
from 100 to 2,000 acres. It is partly low table and 
rolling land, partly clear and level. Good for vine and 
fruit raising. Will raise vegetables and all kinds of 
grain. Crops certain every year. Near town and a 
810,000 public school house. Price, 13 to $6 per acre. 
Good local market for fruit, vegetables, grain, poultry 
and dairy produce. Address the |)roprietor, 


Anderson, Shasta Co., Cal. 


About 28.000 acres of the San Cristobal grant, located 
in Santa Fe county. New M':xico. Is one of the finest 
stock ranches in the Territory. It is well watered, and 
is only ab.ut six miles from a railroad s ation. It con- 
tains a Urge tract of irrigable land, a large house, thrifty 
orchard, etc. Price $35,000, on easy terms. Tille, U. S. 

For further information call upon or address, S. N, 
LAUOHLIN, Castroville, Monterey County, Cal. 



[July 8, 1882 


List of U. S. Patents for Paolflo Coast 

From the official list of U. 8. Patents In Dkwky A Go 's 
SoiEMTiric Pkess Patent Aokncy, 252 Market 8t, 8. F. 

For tiik Wk»k Ending Jrx8 20, ISS2. 

259 74.'.— Sno«— R. P. Brj'ant, S. F. 

259,W.7— Nozzi.K— Thos. C. Clmrchman, Sacramento. 

2.W s:iO— PoMr Valvb GuiR- Pierre C. DuBois, S. F. 

2.V.) si)l — Plow Joistkr- H. Huntsman, Sacramento. 

2.>u,7e.'j-VKiiicLg D»vu-i! FOR C'nicKiso H0RSR8— Wm. 
P. KirkUnd, Hanfurd, Cal. 

2.S9,B!.7 -Masupacti rk of Iob— Samuel D. Lounl, 
Phoenix, A. T. 

2.v.i,940— Fri it Gatiibrsr— Leonard Stone, San Luis 
Obmpo, Cal. 

Non.— Copies of U. S. and Foreign PatenU furnished 
by Dbwbt dt Co. in the shortest time possible (by tele- 
gnph or otherwise) at the lowest rates. All patent busi- 
ness for Pacific coast Inventors transacted with perfect 
seourity and in the shortest possible time. 

Notices of Recent Patents. 

Among the patents recently obtained through 
Dewey & Co.'s SciENTinc Press American and 
Foreign Patent Agency, the following are 
worthy of special mention : 

\Vooi> PRKsEfiviNo Composition.— John C". 
Marshall, Oikland. No. '259,030. Dated June 
6, 1882. With this peculiar composition the 
wood may either be immersed therein, or the 
the compound maybe applied with a brush, when 
found mor« convenient. The compound should 
be applied to the wood while hot. Take, for 
example, the tire of a wheel which has become 
loose. It should be raised suitably and allowed 
to revolve, so that its tire and felly will be im 
mersed in the hot compound, which will penf 
trate between the wood, and the tire will tit 
as tightly as before. If applied to the felly, 
when the tire is first put on, the wood will be 
prevented from shrinking. This compound is 
useful for buckets or catl^s which are to stand 
in the bud, or have so been expoeed for some 
time. Its previous application will prevent the 
shrinking or warping of the staves, or its suh- 
sequent use takes up shrinkage and makes them 
tiglit again. In all cases where wood is liable to 
shrink or warp, this application is useful in pre- 
venting this result, or in remedying it if it has 
happened. It is also a good preservative for 
wood, as it will prevent decay. 

FRfiT Gatherkr.— Leonard Stone. Pat- 
ent No. 259, 940. Dated .lane 20, 1882. This 
improved fruit gatherer consists of an endless 
traveling belt, arranged to operate in connec- 
tion with a frame or conveyer, and having cut- 
ting devices. The object is to gather fruit 
from the trees readily. In using the device, 
any kind of stand is employed, or, if light 
enough, the stand may be dispensed with. 
The upper end of the conveyer is elevated into 
the tree, placing it just under or in proximity 
to the fruit. By turning a crank, the belt trav- 
els upward witli its cutters, one of which, on 
account of the convex or semicircular shape, 
hts over the fruit; and its cutting edge, being 
thus brought in contact with ttie stem, cuts ii;. 
The fruit being embraced by the cutter or 
gatherer, is directed into the conveyer. The 
fruit picked in this way is not bruised by fall- 
ing on the ground. 

Can Fii.LlNii Ai'i'ARArud. — William \\ est, 
Keene, Ontario. This invention relates to that 
class of apparatus which is employed to pack 
meat, fish, or other solid substances into cans 
to be hermetically sealed for the market; and it 
is an improvement upon an apparatus patented 
by .John West and R. D. Hume, Oct. 19.h, 
ISbO, of which patent the present inventor is 
sole owner. The present improvements consist 
in certain details of construction, by which the 
material is delivered beneath the vertical 
plunger in a better manner; tlie operation of 
the cutting knives is more perfect, and the 
knives are less liable to become dulled. The 
mechanism by which the difTarent parts are 
operated is also improved. 

Pdmp Oear.— Pierre C. DuBois, S. 
F. No. 259,8.S0. June 20, 1882. This in- 
vention relates to certain improvements in the 
valve chambers, seats and valves of pumps 
which are employed to condense chlorine or 
other corrosive ^ases. It consists of a com- 
bined glass and rubber seat and glass valve, in 
connection with a valve chamber and connect- 
ing passages of lead. This invention is fully 
described in another column. 

Ari'ARATi s FOR Ckimpinq the Ends uros 
CiRcri.AR Cassi. — Wm. West, Keene, Ontario, 
Canada. This is an apparatus for crimping the 
ends upon cylindrical cans, and tor preparing 
these ends for soldering by applying the acid 
thereto after being crimped upon the can. The 
invention consists in certain constructions and 
combinations of devices for perfecting the opera- 

The gimlet-pointed screw was patented in 
1846. It is familiar to everybody, and millions 
have been realized from its raaont'acture; yet so 
simple is the principle that the wonder is tliat 
it was not thought out and applied almost as 
far back as the age of iron. 

Pacific Coast Weather for the Week. 

IFuniished for piil.llratloii in the Pkbss bjNei.!<oS GfeRau, 
Sergt. Sit'nal bei vltfe Corps, U. 8. A. ] 

The following is a summary of the rainfall for 
each day of the week ending 11 :58 a.m. Wednes- 
day, July 5tb, at noon, for the stations named: 


1 Olympia. j 










^ r;im'to 

San j 

Vlsalia. | 













Friday.. . . 










Saturday . 










Sunday . . 










Monday . . 










Tuesday .. 






























Kbcpp's Great Foundries.— Herr Kmpp's 
possessions at Kssen are enormous enough, as 
some fresh statistics of them will show. He 
has of steam boilers no fewer than 439; of steam 
engines, 4o<>, their aggregate horse power being 
18,500; of steam hammers, SO, varying in 
weight from 200 tt.i. to 50 tons; of rolling mills, 
21; of machines for making tools, 1,(>22; of 
furnaces, 1,550. of which It are high furnaces; 
of locomotives, 25, and of steam propellers, 5, 
their total tonnage being 7,800 tons. Krupp's 
annual production is .300,000 tons of steel and 
26,000 tons of iron. At present the population 
of his workingmen's city is 15,700. 

Ivv ON Walls. — It is a popular error to sup- 
pose that ivy growing on the walls of a house 
makes it damp. The attachment of ivy to 
walls, so far from injuring them and causing 
dampness, is an advantage. If the walls are 
dry when planted, ivy will keep them so. If 
damp, as the plant overspreads their surface, 
the dampness will disappear. 

Cheap Stock Range. — Our adveitising col- 
umns this week show cattle and sheep men 
where it is claimed that good laud can be 
bought nearly as low as the rental of such land 
costs in many parts of California. 

Hay RaKes. 

The celebrated hay rakes nmnu'iuaured by John Doddg, 
Dayton, Ohio, can bo found in large stock at the San 
Francisco branch, 37 Market St. The old reliable Hol- 
linfi^sworth Rike has taken three Gold Medals at Inter- 
national Fairs. The Red Bird is cheap, simple and a 
^reat favorite. The new Reindeer is the strongest and 
most durable Self-Dump Rake on the market. The iron 
axle and wheels, rocker-frame movement, adjustable 
teeth, dumping device and other improvements make 
them the most desirable Rakes manufactured. See the 
a^en'., S. II Gould, before purchasing, 37 Ma ket St., S. F. 

Try the Rural Press for 25 Cts. a Month. 

Tell your friends that they can have the Pacifio Ri ral 
Priss mailed to them one month on trial for 26 cents. 
Four back Nos. will be added on receipt of 10 cents 
additional— niakirg eight copies for S.*. cents. It is a 
handsomely printed and illustrated home Journal. Mail 
It to tricnds abroad. 

OcR attention has been called to the remarkable cura 
tive properties of Burnham's Abietene. It is rot a ci.m- 
pound, hut a pure distillation from a peculiar kind of 
fir balsam. It is really one of nature's remedies. Used 
both internally and externally. As a specific for croup 
it stands without a rival, and does away with the nause- 
ating effects of hive syrup and emetics. Cures colds, 
coughs, sore throat, rheumatism, neuralgia, kidney 
troubles, etc Used as a liniment for bruises, burns, stiS 
Joints, sprains, poison oak, etc., it has no superior. For 
circulars and testimonials of its merits address Wm. M. 
Hickman, druggist, Stockton, Cal. For sale by all 
druggists Price, .'lO cts. and tl per bottle. 

Nkw Giu OR Si;lky. -Something novel and very ele- 
gant in the way of a Sulky, may be seen across the way 
from our office, at the store of Geo. A. Davis, the well- 
known Agricultural Hardware roan. It must be seen to 
be appreciated. A cut of it will appear in our columns 
soon. Photographs sent on applicationHo Geo. A. Davis, 
S. F.. or Jacob Price, San Leandro, who is the inventor 
of it. 

IuP0RTA»T additions are being continually made In 
Woodward's Gardena The grotto walled with aquaria is 
constantly receiving accessions of new fish and other 
marine life. The number of sea lions is increased and 
there is a better chance to study their actions. The 
pavilion has new varieties of performances The floral 
department is replete and the wild animals iii good vigor. 
A day at Woodward's Gardens is a day well spent. 

Sample Copirs —Occasionally we send copies of this 
paper to persons who we believe would be benefited by 
subscribing for it, or willing to assist us in extending its 
circulation. We eal' the attention of such to our pros- 
pectus, terms of subscription, etc., and request tha. tbey 
circulate the copy sent. 

liow TO Stop tbis Patbb. —It Is not n difficult task to 
ttop this paper. Notify the publishers by letter. If ie 
comes beyond the time desired you can depend upon it we 
do not know that the subscriber wants it stopped. So 
be sure And send us notice b)' Utter. 

Rkmittanck.i to this office should be made by postal or- 
dei or registered letter, when practicable; cost of postal 
order, foi *16 or less, 10 cts. ; for registered letter, in ad- 
ilitinn to regular postage (at 3 cts. per half-ounce). 10 cts. 

By Trlbpiionb. —Subscribers, advertisers and other 
patrons of this office can address orders, or make appoint- 
ments with the proprietors or aeents by telephone, as we 
are connected with the central system in San Francisco. 

A.NNi'AL Statistician of 1882. — "It is the most complete 
and accurate work of its kind in the world."— S. F. Call. 
Address L. P. McCarty, 502 Taylor St. Price, $4. 

AOBNTs can now grasp a fortune. Outfit worth tlO 
•ant tree. Full particulars address E. 0. SidbodtACo., 
10 Barclay St., N. Y. 

Our Agents. 

Ol^R Frikxds can do much in aid of our paper and the 
cause of practical knowledge and science, by assisting 
Agents in their labors of canvassing, by lending their in- 
fluence and encouraging favors. We intend to send none 
but Worthy men. 

G. W. .McCiRg*— Santa Clara county. 

M. P. OwBN- Santa Criu county. 

J. W. A. Wriqht— Merced, Tulare and Kom counties 

Jarkd C. Uoao— California 

B. W. Crowell — San Luis Obispo and Santa Baibara 

Promptness Displayed, Etc. 

Mbssrs. Dewbt & Co., Patent Agents: The Canadian 
patent obtained through you is at hand. This makes 
three patents received within a month. The ability, en- 
ergy and promptness displayed by your firm must cer- 
tainly be gratifying to your numerous patrons— as it as- 
suredly is to Yours respectfully, 

TnO RPB & Bblloli. 

A Wonderful Invention. 

The wonderful effect of steam as applied to soil tillage 
can now l>e easily testei by whomever desires. In an 
other ciilumn may be found an advertisement of two sets 
of the best English steam plowing machinery made es 
pecialiy for use on the PaciHc coast. Those who are dis 
posed to experiment with steam should heed the notice. 

LivsRT Stablk in Oakland— We call the attention of 
farmers visiting Oakland, and others to hire teams or 
stable team* in Oakland, to the Hay, Sale, Boarding and 
Livery Stable of T. A. Cunningham, 1368 Broadway, 
Oakland. Mr. Cunningham (recently from Ilaywards 
where he still owns a ranch) has purchased a homestead 
In Oakland, and will do his best to give satisfaction to 
bis new customers and old friends who may call. 

NoTB— Our qaotatlons are tor Wednesday, not Satnrda' 
the date which the paper bears. 

Weekly Market Review. 


Sam Framcisoo. Widiiesduy, July fi, 1882. 
The several holidays around the 4th have broken up the 
week completely, and to-day (Wednesday) ti-ade has not 
reasserted itself fully. Prices, except for fruit and vegc 
tables, are not greatly changed. 

Frelcrbts and Cbartera. 

The annual review of the C<iuiifc ri'!al .Wn*, issued 
July 1st, conlains, besides a detailed report of the marine 
disasters in the >ear Itiil .'>2, a review of the Salmon 
trade and of Wheat freights to Europe. The highest 
freight rates to Cork were £4 Hi li 1 for Iron and JC4 Us fur 
Wood; lowest ii; 12. i>d for Iron and ii:^ :U ftj for Wood 
average £'i 13 j for Iron and X.6 6s ltd for Wood. 

Engagements for the present week have been as fol 
lows: British bark .l/d^ror, 824 tons. Wheat to Cork, U. 
K.; t;2 l&a, British ship Orchomf lu , l,ril2 tons, wt eat li 
Cork, U. K ; LSs. 

Eastern Wool Markets. 

Boston, July 1. Wool is more active, manufacturers 
purchasing more freely of fine grades. California has 
bc-ii very quiet, and sales have been quite limited. Hold- 
ers find It uitficult 1 1 obtain cost. 

BtiiLAURLruiA, July 1.— Wool is quiet and prices easier. 

The Forelsm Review. 

London, June 27. The Mark Lanf KxprmK, in its re- 
view of the British Grain trade for i.he past week, says: 
The unfavorable w^a^.her has prompted tlie development 
of rusting. Wheat ears are small, but the recent in 
crease of warmth is favorable. The supply of home 
grown Wheat is small. Fine samples command an im- 
provement. Foreign on spot is steady, considering the 
large arrivals off coast, but somewhat weaker. On Fri 
day Malice was firmer in consequence of the small i|uan 
tiiy of American offering, turopia., on passage for 
shipment, advanced lid per c|uarter. Wluat eareoes cit 
coast are inaniniate, and have not mattrial'y changed. 
Thiity-nine cargoes arrived; ten were sold and twentt 
were withdrawp. The trade for Wheat on passage is very 
i|Uiet, but Russian is somewhat dearer, i^ales of Envlisli 
Wheat during the past week were l;t,41'0 i|uarters at 
Ids lid, against 10 .'.71 ijuarters at 4os 4d the correspond- 
ing period last year. 

BAGS A ship is Just in from India with 3,000,000 grain 
bags. There are rumors of a ring to advance rates. The 
following are I uling now : Local make, jj"'s;c; Dundee, 
9o; Calcutta, :»i<aiH; Wool Bags, 43(S4.'.c for 3} lbs. and 
47ic to .''Oj for 4 ttis; Potato Gunnies, 18(«l!lc apiece; 
Burlaps, 71c for 40-ioch, and 12ic V yard (or 60 inch; 
Hop Cloth, IK'TlIic. 

B.\RLEY To-day's trade amounted to nothing; 
was bid, and $1.20 asked, for new barley, just delivered 
On Saturday .iO tons of old sold at $1.7.'.. 

BEANS— There are several changes in our list, all ind> 
caling a slightly lower figure. 

CORN— A little is being done in speculation. On change 
to day the following sales were made on call: 100 tons No. 
2, Large Yellow Corn, seller \>^i, $1.2114 per ctl; 100 tons 
do do do do, 81.29) V ctl; 100 tons do do do do, $1.30 ^' 
ctl; 100 tons do do do do, $1.:<0 per ctl; 100 tons do do do 
do, $1.30 per ctl. 

DAIRY PRODUCE— Trade is regular at old prices, 
both for cheese and butter. 

EGOS— Eggs are a fraction belter, the best going at 
27 Jc doz. 

FEED— The price for Bran rules from $12 ;>0 to $13 per 
ton. Corn Meal is advanced $1 per ton. 

FRESH MEAT- Beef is unchanged and strong. Pork 
is higher. Lamb and Yeal are lower. 

FRUIT— The first Grapes arc in from H. A. Bassford, 
of Vacaville; Cantaloupes from B. R. Sackett, of Win- 
ters, and Watermelons from H. H. Porter, of Winters. 
Fruit prices are generally lower, as found in our price 
list below. 

Hl^Pi— Hops «re firmoly held at 2ft'f30c and there are 
but few. 

OATS— New Oats are in from T. T. Ford, of Monterey 
county. The best price offered on call to-day was$l.&f> 
per ctl. 

ONIONS— Reds at SOc per ctl, and some choice silver 
•klDB bring 75(it6ic par ctl. 

POTATOES— Choice New Potatoes sell better this week, 
reaching $1.12) per ctl for the best. 

PROVISIONS— Prices are still up, but trade was a 
little uncertain to day, owing to the holiday interval. 

Pi I LTRY AND GAMK-Turkeys are Ic higher. Veni- 
son has appeared in small quantities. 

VEGETABLES— Our list shows a general cheapening 
and supplies are abundant. 

WHEAT There is nothing doirg te fix a price, but last 
week's rates are nominally correct. New Wheat has 
reached Stockton, and is repotted on the way from sev- 
eral directions. 

WOOL- Prices are unchanged. More trade is expected 
as soon as the holiday influence is over. 

Domestic Produce. 


Wednesday m , July 5. 1882. 

BEANS A PEAS. 1 Brazil 10 <a 11 

Bayo. ctl 2 75 @3 00 Pecans 13 S 15 

Butter 3 75 0\ 3S Peanuts 7 

Castor 3 50 04 00 PUl>ert«. 14^ 16 

Pea 4 00 C*4 25 OXIOKS. 

Red 2 60 Ca2 90 Red —WW 

Pink 2 60 ffi SO SilTersUiL 50 (» 85 

Large White 3 25 ^ 80 lUregon. _ S _ 

Small White 4 00 ^4 25 1 PVTATORS. 

Lima 4 00 Ig4 50 New, ctl 75 @\ 121 

FieldPea8,b1keyel 5 Wl 75 , Early Rose 4» _ 

do, green.. 2 00 ^ 26 Petaluma, ctl . ffl _ 

BROOM COKK: ITomales ^ S _ 

Southern 3 (1? 3i Humboldt - & — 

Northern 4 (* 6 . " Kidner — S — 

€HI€€OKY. ! " Peacfablow.. - i - 

California 4@ 4i Jersey Blue — ^ — 

German 6i® 7 iCuffey CoTe — (* — 

DAIBV PBODIJCK. ETl. River, red - 

IIUTTKK. Chile — _ 

Cal Fresh Roll. It. 27 C* 29 do, Oregon - (of _ 

do Fancy Brands. 30 « Oregon Peerleaa.. - c* — 

Pickle Roll -@ - Salt Lak.' — (j^ _ 

Firkin, new 28 0$ 2» Sweet - — 

Basteni 13 @ 20 1 POCLTKV « 

New York — @ - 'Hens, doi « 00 @ 7 50 

cnsESK. Roosters 3 iiO ^10 CO 

Cheese. CaL, n.... 12 @ 13i Broilers 3 50 @ 6 SO 

Koas. [Ducks, tame, doz. 5 50 S 6 50 

Cal. Fresh, doz... 24 @ 27i Geese, pair 1 00 @1 25 

Ducks ~ " "l". young 1 25 §1 75 

Oregon — # - Wild Gray, doz. 8»3 00 

Eastern, b; expr'ss — @ — Wliite do 50 lUl nO 

Pickled here — (d — Turkeys. 14 « lit 

Utah — a — do, Dressed.... 

FEED. Turkey Feathers. 

Bran, ton 12 00 ^13 00 | tail and wing. D>. 10 ( 

Com Meal @39 00 Snipe, Eng 1 75 I 

Hay 10 00 (415 00 do. Common.. SO 1 

Middlings 25 00 CrfSB 00 Quail, doz 75 ( 

Oil Cake Meal.. (?27 50 Rabbits. 1 25 1 

Straw, bale 6:S(a- 70 Hare 2 00 W 2 3S 

FLOI K. Venison 10 @ 16 

Extra, City Mills . 5 23 (^5 50 , PKOVKION8. 
do, Co'utryMills 4 75 Cu;5 00 Cal. Bacon, extra 

do. (tregon 4 75 (aS 121 clear, It 16<* 

do. Walla Walla. 4 50 (oe5 00 Medium 

Superfine 3 50 («4 25 Light 


Beef, Ist qual' 8 iCal. Smoked Beef. 

Second 7 | Shoulders 

Third 5@ 6;Uanis. Cal 14' 

Matton. 3K4 41 do. Eastern... 16 1 

~i@ <>i liEEI»8. 

" Alfalfa 14 ( 

do Chile. 

Canary 3{g 

Clover. Red 14 (' 

White 45 I 



Hemp — r 

Italian Rye Grass.. IS ( 
Perennial. 35 ( 

10 ^ 




Brown 2l(i 

Rape 3{S 

KyBlueGrwia..... 20 1' 

2d quality 16 I 

Spring Lamb 
Pork, undressed 



Milk Calves .... 
do, choice.. 

Barley, feed. ctl..l 70 &\ 77} 

do; New 1.15<al 25 

do, Brewing..! 3U it '.' uO 

CheraUer Ml 70 

Buckwheat 1 50 ^1 75 iMUlet, (German.... 10 

Corn. White — @ — : do. Common... 7 

Yellow 1 80 &\ 85 Mustard, White... 1 

Small Round.... — @1 75 

Oats 1 30 l»l 62t 

Milling — ® - 

Rye 1 75 00 

Wheat, No. 1 1 1:7)^1 70 I.Sweet V Grass 

do. No. 2 1 621(41 65 I Orchard 

do. No. 3 1 46 #1 50 

Choice Milling.. - @1 70 

Hides, dry 19 ^ 19 

Wet salted V,® 11 


Beeswax, lb 23 @ 

Uuuey in comb. . . 17 (<* 
Extracted, light.. 8 @ 
do, dark . . t % 

Oregon 20 ^ 21 

Oalifomia, 25 (je 

Wash. Ter 19 W 

Old Hops - @ 

Walnuts, Cal 10 (a 

do. Chile ... 7i<3 
Almonds, hd shl lb 8 (at 

SoftsheU 15 (d 

Red Top..., 


Meeqult. . ,. 
Timothy ... 


25 Crude, tt. 7 1 

18 Refined 101^ 

8 SPRING— 1882 

San Jo:i.|uin, free. 18 (<< 20 
do, fair.. 
32^ do, dusty. 

20 Southern Coast 

— Stanislaus a Tuol- 


11 Sonoma & Mtn.lo- 
8 cino 25 «» 26 

10 Nor. .Sacr.nienlu. .. 23 (01 2S 
17 Oregon, eastern 22^ 1*6 

18 (d 19 
15 (OS 17 
14 -22 

22 M 24 

Fruits and Vegetables. 


Wfdnesday m 


Apples, bi 30 @ 1 60 

do, B»«ket . .. 15 (S 66 

Apricots, It. 2i(<«— Ji 

Bi Dwas, bnch.. 2 50 @ 4 00 
Blacklwrries.. . 5 00 (S 8 00 
■»nteli.npes,dz. - "< 4 50 
vJhcrries. chst .11 00 §tl2 00 
Cherry Wum. bx - 25 &- 75 
Cocoanuts. 100.. 6 00 ^ 7 00 
Cranberries. hbl 12 50 (<»14 00 
CTirrant.\ clist .. 2 50 W 3 50 

Figs, V..IX - 50 (ft 1 00 

Gooseberries. ... 4 trt— 8 

Grapes. It' '" T 15 

Limes, Mex ... 8 00 («10 00 
do, Cal, box..- 75 # 3 50 
Lemons, 6al, bi 1 25 ® 2 25 
Sicily, box.... 7 00 *f 7 60 
Australian.... - — @— - 
Oranges. Cal, bx.4 50 «» 5 00 
do^^ltl M - - <afO 00 
do. Mexican. 15 00 W17 uO 

do. Loreto... ®~ ~ 

Peaches, twx. . - 40 C*- 83 

Pears, bsk — 25 (ff— 65 

Pineapples, doz 6 00 C<» 8 00 
Ra' 6 00 ^ 8 00 
Mtrawl. r s.cb^t. 10 00 ^12 00 

DRIED FRUIT. . - ^ ,-i -J- ,S 

Apples, sliced, lb ^10 Pcpi>ers - 10 <st~ 12 

doT evaporated C*- 12> do, Chile. .. - «» 16 

do quartered,..- 6 «- Bi Rhulmrb, bx....— 75 itf 1 UO 

ApricoU - 31 S - 22 Squash, Marrow 

Blackberries....- 14 @— 16 ' tat, ton @60 00 

(Jitron _ 28 »- 30 String Beans...- 2i(it- 3 

Dates — 9(»— 10, do. wax - 4 w- \\ 

Bin. pressed....- 4 (j?— 7 Siunmer S.iuaab, 

SjlooSeT....- 3i»- 4 1.0.x -25 (a- 50 

Nectarines. - 14 @- 15 Tomatoes, box..- 50 M - ... 

T urnips, ctl — 60 8- 6j 

Bags and Bagging. 


Wednehdav .m., July 5, 1882. 

July 5, 1882. 

Peaches — T Cd- 9 

do pared — 18 db— 30 

Peaia. sUeed....— 9 («>— lu 

do whole. — 7 (it— 8 

Plums — 4 6 

Pitted - II 12 

Prunes — 9 «»— 10 

Raisins. Cal. bx. (c* 2 60 

do. Halves.... @ 2 75 

do, Quarters.. @ 3 00 

Eighths S 25 

Zante Cunants.— 8 lA— 10 

Artichokes, sk..— 25 SO 
Asiai-agns, box.— 75 (tf I 00 

Beets, ctl (g 75 

Cabbage, 100 llis 50 B- 60 

Carrots, sk — 60 @— 65 

Oaulillower, doz— 50 %— 75 

Corn, green 10 18 

t'ucuiubers. bx. . - 50 4f 1 ^ 

Rriiplaut, n> 5 @ 6 

^ia.iiC. lb — — «— 3 

<ln, poor — 1 @— 14 

Lettuce, doz — 10 @ 

Mushrooms, bx . M 

Okra, green, B). — 20 25 

Peas, green, lb.. (J6 — \\ 

do, sweet. — IJt*— 2 

Parsnips, lb »— 2 

Eng Standrd Wheat. . 8}^ 9 

Cal Manufacture 

Hand Sowed, 22x36 . 8JC* 9 

20x36 8J(se 8S 

23x40 12 <^13 

24x40 12i®13i 

Machine Swd 32x36. %m 9 

Flour Sks, halves 9lgl0i 

Quarters 6 % i\ 

ilghths. 4J« 41 

HessUn. to Inch - Vl2 j 

46 inch 9i« \ 

40 inch 8i^ I 

Wool Sks Hand 8wd 

3i lb • - e« 

4 lb do 63iS65 

Machine Sewed — w49i 

SUndard Gunnies.. ..181^19 

iieauBags 6<<« 7 

rwine, Detrick'i A. . .Mt<|3t 

July 8, 1882,] 


4k 29 

General Merchandise. 


WHUNKSDAY M., July 5, 1882. 

@ 8 50 
(a 6 50 

(» 6 50 
@13 00 

Crystal Wax 16 @18 

Paraffine 20 @ - 

Patent .Sperm 25 —28 

Assrtd Pie Fruits. 

2* lb cans 2 23 

Table do 3 5C ^* — 

Jams and Jellies. 3 75 ® - 
FMckles, htgal....3 25 (» — 
Sardines, qr box . . 1 B7 @ — 

Hf Boxes....... 2 50K5?1 90 

Merry. FauU & Co. 8 
Preserved Beef 

21b, doz 3 25 @3 — 

do 4 lb doz 6 50 @6 — 

Preserved Mutton 

2 lb, doz 3 25 (83 50 

Beef Toueue 5 75 @6 00 

Preserved Ham, 

21b, doz 5 50 @5 60 

Deviled Ham, 1 tb, 

doz 3 00 @3 50 

do Ham J lb doz 2 50 @ — 
Boneless Pigs Feet 

31b8 3 60 (83 75 

2 lbs 2 75 at - 

Spiced Fillets 2 IbsS 50 (W — 
Head CheeseSlhs.S 50 (« — 

toAL JobMlig, 
Australian, ton. 

CooB Bay 

Bellingham Bay 


Cumberland. . . . 

Mt Diablo 



West Hartley.. 



Vancouver Id. .. 

Wellington — (a 9 00 

Charcoal, sack. . — @ 

Coke, bush — (3 

.Sandwich Id lb. — @ 

Costa Rita J2 (* 

Guatemala 12 @ 

Java 18 O 

Manilla 15 (a 

Ground, In cs . . . — (SS 

Sac'to Dry Cod. - 5 

do iu cases.. (ap — 5i 

KasteraCod...— 7 (a - 7S 
Salmon, bbls.. . 7 00 C* 7 .50 

Hf bbls 3 50 la 4 00 

1 lb cans 1 12i(* 1 22i 

Pkia Cod, bbls. (« 

Hf bbls IS 

Mackerel, No. 1 

Hf bbls 9 50 (» 10 00 

In Kits 1 75 (» 1 85 

Kx Meaa 3 50 <a 4 00 

Pickled Herring. 

box 3 00 (» 

Boston Smoked 

Herring 65 (» 

ClIHK, etc. 
Plaster, Colden 

Gate Mills.... 3 00 @ 3 25 
Land Plaster, 

ton 10 00 @ 12 50 

Lime, Snta Cruz 

bbl 1 25 @ 1 60 

(S 1 

i 50 
I 50 

- (a - 

— (a 


Cement, Rosen- 
dale 175 (ft 2 

Portland 3 75 4 


Assrtd sizes, keg.3 75 @ 4 
01 tS. 

Pacific Glue Co's 

Neatsfoot, No.1.1 00 @1 
Castor, No. 1 — (81 

do, No. 2 — @ 

Baker's A A — (»1 

Olive, Plagnoil...5 25 (njb 

Possel 4 75 (85 

Palm, lb 9 @ 

L inseed. Raw, bbl — & 

BoUed — @ 

Cocoanut 60 @ 

China nut, cs 68 <i$ 

.Sperm 1 40 @ 

Coast Whales 35 © 

Polar — (» 

Lard — @1 

Petroleum (110°).. 18® 
Petroleum (lf0°).. 28 @ 

Pure White Lead. 7t@ 

Whiting Hdi 

Putty 4 <a 

Chalk li(a 

Paris White 2l@ 

Ochre 3i@ 

Venetian Red 3i@ 

Averil mixd Paint 


White & Tints.. 2 00 @2 
Green, Blue and 

Ch Yellow 3 00 @3 

Light Red 3 00 (83 

Metallic Roof ..1 30 @1 
China Mixed, lb. . 4S@ 

Hawaiian 4|@ 

Cal. Bay, ton... 11 00 @22 

Common 6 50 @14 

Carmen Id 14 00 @22 

Liveniool tine... 14 00 @20 

Caetile, lb 9 @ 

Common brands.. 4^(8 

Fancy Brands 7 (a 


Cloves, lb 37i@ 

Cassia 19 (a 

Nutmegs 85 @ 

Pepper Grain 15(8 

Pimento 16 (8 

Mustard, Cal i lb 

Glass — @1 


3 50 
- 70 

Cal. Cube Iti 


Fine Crushed 


Golden C 

Cal Syrup, kgs 

Hawaiian Mol'sses 

Young Hyson. 
Moyune, etc 

Country pkd Gun- 
powder it Im- 

Hyson 30 @ 

F<,oo-ChowO 27ir 

Japan, medium. . . 35 1 


— fa 

— (8 

- @ 

- (8 
65 (8 
25 (_8 

40 @ 65 

35 @ 



Wednesday, m., July 5. 1882. 

Sole Leather, heavy, lb 30 @ 32 

Light 25 (3 23 

Jodot, Sto 10 Kil., doz 36 OO (846 00 

11 to 13 Kil 50 00 @60 00 

14 to 16 Kil 65 00 (872 00 

Second Choice, 11 to 16 Kil 40 UC (865 00 

Simon Ullmo. Females, 12 to 13 Kil 52 00 (^56 00 

I Uo 15 Kil 60 00 (864 00 

16 to 17 Kil 66 00 (868 00 

Simon, 18 Kil @57 00 

20 Kil @i60 00 

24 Kil <a65 00 

Kips, French n> - 85 ® 1 20 

Cal. doz 55 00 ®60 OU 

French Sheep, all colors 12 00 mb 00 

Kastern Calf for Backs, lb 1 00 @ 1 25 

Sheep Roails for Topping, all colors, doz 9 CO (S'lO 00 

For linings 6 50 (810 00 

Cal. Russet Sheep Linings 3 00 (8 5 50 

Boot Legs, French Calf, pair (8 4 .50 

(ioo.l French Calf (8 4 00 

Best Jodot Calf 4 75 (8 5 00 

Leather, Harness, lb 35 (8 40 

Fair Bridle, doz 45 00 (866 00 

Skirting, II 33 @i 37 

Welt, doz 30 00 ("36 no 

Buff, ft 17 (8 20 

Wax Side 19 @ 20 


Wkdnesday m., Jul)' 5, 1882 

R.«-<lw<>«>«1. iSbinglea @ 2 50 

rAR<JOFS [Posts, each — 15 @— 20 

Rough @18 00 ! Pine. 

"u faced - ©28 00 [ l AKfiOEs. 

Floor and step.. @27 50 Rough @18 00 

RETAIL. '.Surfac.d 2"! 00 :32s 00 

Merchantable ..— - @22 50 1 hktail. 

Surfaced. No. 1. (SS'i 00 Rough @22 ,50 

Tonguefc Groove (835 00 iFlooring 3i 50 (835 OO 

Pickets, rough.. (820 00 1 Floor and step.. {035 00 

do. fancy .. ®27 50 iLaths C8 3 75 

do, square.. @17 60 I 

Butter, (•alifornia 

Choice, lb 



Lard, Cal 


Flour,,bbl. .8 
Corn Meal, lb ... , 
Sugar, wli.crushd. 

Light Brown . . . 

(.'offee. Green 

Tea. t ine Black . . 

Finest Japan. .. 
Candles, Adm'te.. 
soap, Cal 

Retail Groceries, Etc. 

Wkdnk.mdav m. July b. 1882, 

Rice 8 (8 10 

Yeast Powdr, doz.l 50 (82 00 
CanOistcrs, doz. 2 00 &3 00 
Syrup.S F&old'n. 75 (81 10 
Dried Apples, lb.. 10 (8 

Ger. Prunes 125® 

Figs, Cal 9(8 

Peaches 15 (8 


13J ()ils, Kerosene. ... 50® 60 
94 Wines, Old Port.. 3 50 ®5 CO 
35 French Claret.... 1 00 (82 50 
00 I Cal. doz hot. ...2 0'. (nl 50 
00 iWhiMky, O K, gal 3 50 (85 00 
25 French Brandy...! 00 @8 00 
10 ' 

Signal Service Meteorological Report. 

H*N Fkanoisoo.— 'Week ending July 4, 1882. 


June 28 June 29 June 30(.ruly 1 iJuly 2 .July 3 iJuly 

Itnpertera, ManufactareiB and Dealers in 







5 to 9 California and 
108 to 112MarfeetSt. 



Nineteen miles from Calietoga, Napa county Five 
miles from Middlt ton, and ten miles from the ORE AT 
GEYSERS, between which and Anderson Springs, there 
are good Wagon Roads. 

Hot Sulphur and Steam Balhs 

For tbe Cure of RheumatlsiD, Paralysis, 
St. 'Vitus' Dance, Dropsy. Etc Cold 
Sulphur for Dyspepsia Diseases of 
the Stomach ana Kidney e. 

ScRiiery Unsurpassed. Climate Mild and Equable. 

Consumptives generally improved in health, and asth- 
matics are invariably relieved. Trout Fishing in the 
grounds. Deer hunting in the immediate vicinity. New 
Cottages for the better accommodation of guests. Cook- 
"ng good. 


Remarkabl3 Cure rf Dropsy. 

VALLK-ro, June, 1882. 
1 suffered intensely with dropsy, and was induced by 
r. Edgecomb to try Anderson's Springs, he having been 
cured there, after under,ioing frightful agonies, being 
tapped three times before he reached there; and I am 
deeply grateful for taking his advice, for such a benefl- 
eial effect had the Springs on me, that I am now entirely 
cured, and advise all who may be sutTerinsr to try Ander- 
son's Springs. Kat« Mackay. 
Sight Restored. 
A candid and well-known gentlemen of San Francisco 
certifies briefly as follows: 

May :il, 1882. 

I was cured of irtiimmation of the eyes at Anderson's 
Springp, Lake county." M. J. Durnby, 4'2&Brannan St. ,S.F. 

Many other cases of Dropsy and Paralysis, Rheumatism, 
Swelling of Limbs, and various other obstinate cases of 
chronic diseases have been cured from year to year, at the 
above-named springs, which are located in Lake county, 
19 miles from Calistoga. Special regard is paid to the 
diet of guests, who are liberally furnished with go<'d 
home cooking, etc &end for further informat'on. Address 

Anderson's Springs, Lake Co , - via Calistoga, Cal. 



2^.891 29.9341 30.0791 


;o 103 



29.8331 29.870 29.984: 

30 0701 



K3 1 


62 1 f.4.5 1 63 1 


52.5 1 

53 1 

53.5 1 51.5 1 65 1 

n 1 




81.3 1 

86 1 87 1 89 1 

85,7 1 



SW 1 

SW 1 

W 1 SW 1 W 1 

.•SW 1 




298 1 

307 1 312 1 293 I 

317 1 




Char. 1 

Fogjy. 1 Fair. | Fojrgir. I 

Fair. | 



Tot*l rain dnrint tbe mmod (rem Jnir 1, 1883, - 

San Francisco, 

The Pacific Rural Press 

[Established in San Frdncisco in 1870.] 

This is the leading farming journal on the Testern half of 
the continent, and second to uoue in America It is well 
printed and illustrated, weekly. Contains an unusual amount 
of freRh, original farm, household and family circle litera- 
ture. Careful attention is paid to giving full and reliable 
weekly marbet reports. The following are among its ably 
couducted departments: Editorials on agricultural and 
other timely and important subjects of live interest to 
farmers and their families; agricultural, and other useful 
and ornamental illustrations; correspondence from various 
luarters of our new and rich developing fields of ngriculture 
on the Pacitic coast, embracing new hints and ideas from 
progressive men and women in all branches of mral industry; 
Horticulture; Floriculture; The Garden; The Home Circle; 
The Grange; Young Folks; Domestic Economy ; Got d Health; 
Entomological; Sheep and Wool; The Dairy; The Stock 
Yard; Poultry Yard; The Swine Yard; The Apiary; The 
Vineyard; (.Queries and Keplies; New Inventions (and illus- 
trations of new and improved machinery); Agricultural 
Notes; Items of General News, etc. Its columns are stu- 
diously tilled with chaste, interesting, fresh and useful read- 
ing, devoid of ijuestionable literature for old or young ard 
fancifully alluring clap-trap advertisements. Send for sam- 
ple copies. 

Subscriptionfi, fji odi^nnrr, $3 a year. Agents wanted, on 
liberal pay Dkwrv & Co., Publishers. 

No. 252 Market St... S. F.. Cal. 



The August trip of the Steamship IDAHO 

lo Alaska will be made a special feature of 

interest for tourists and pleasure seekers. In addition to 
her reguUr ports of call (Wrangel, Sitka, Harrisburg, etc. ) 
it is intended she shall visit Glacier Bay and other points 
of special interest. 

The trip from Puget Sound to Alaska, instead of being, 
as many imagine, rough and tcmpestuou , is made near- 
ly the whole distance on inUnd waters, which are as 
smooth and unruffleU as a mountain lake. The scenery is 
a magnificent panorama of wondrous grandeur, 'fhe 
noted and celebrated points of interest in California and 
other States dwarf into insignificance in comparison witli 
the wonderful sights and towering mountains in thiswon 
derland of glaciers, icebergs, Aurora Borealis and night- 
less day. Only a limited number of passengers can be 
taken from San Francisco, as a large number of tourists 
have engaged to go from Tortland, 'Victoria and other 
northern ports. 

Those desiring to engage passage will please register 
their names at the Company's Ticket Oltice, 214 Mont- 
gomery sireet. No name accepted unless accompanied 
by a deposit of J20 on account. 

The (are for the round trp has been fixed at a low rate 
of S115, which includes meals and a berth. 

Passengers will take the DAKOTA, which leaves Broad 
way Wharf July 29th, at 2 p M., and transfer to the 
IDAHO at Port Townsend about August 3d, reaching 
San Francisco on the return about August 25th. 


General Agents. 

San Francisco Savings Union 

S'M Cilifornia S'., Cor. Webb. 
For the half year ending with ,June 30, 18H2, a divi- 
dend has been declared at the rate of (our and thirty-two 
one liundre<ltlis (t 32 I(IO) per cenl. per annum on Term 
Deposits, and three and sixty one-huudredtba (:! 00-100) 
per cent, per aimum on Ordinary Deposits, free of Fed- 
eral Tax, payable on and a(ter WEDNESDAY, .July 12, 
l.s,S2. I.OVELL WHITE, Cashier. 


One Ceut^ a Page. 


Useful and Inexpensive for the Summer 
of all Grades and Styles of 
Sheet Music. 


2.S(i pages— over mt choicest of songs. 

21 H pages — 100 of the best German snugs. 

200 pagpfl— over 150 best Scottish songs. 

208 pages— BO of the very best sacred songs. 

248 pages- 94 choice songs of popular style. 

277 pages — 107 of Franz's best song.o. 

260 pages -132 o' Norwav's Sf ncru mtlodies ' tc. 

248 pages— 81' choicest Strauss waltzes, galopo. etc. 

232 pages — 80 most popular danf^e piet-es. 

And many other c()llections. Price each, $'2 plain; ;$'2..'»* 
cloth; Sit full g'lt. 


Established 18.S4. 
Ditson & Co., 843 Broadway, N Y 

C H 

The German Savings and Loan Society. 

San Francifi-o, June ;iO, I.hs2 
For the hJf year ending this date, tbe Board of Direc 
has declared a dividend on Term Deposits at the rate of 
(our and thirty-two one hundredths (4 U2-100) per cent, 
per annum, and on Ordinary Deposits at tbe rate of three 
and six-tenths (3 0-10) per cent, per annum, (ree (rom 
Federal Taxes, and payable on and after the 10th day of 
July, 1882. By order. GEO. LETTE, Sec'y. 

J. H. Wythe, M. D. 

Residenoe: I Office: 

966 West Street, Oakland. 759 Market St., San FraQotioo 





Hiram SiBLEY&Co 

179-183 MAIN STREET, 


PRICE LIST. Is 200-206 Randolph St.Chlcago, 

Horticulturists and Nurserymen 
can have specimens of their fruits or 
plants eograved for newspaper, book, 
catalogue or circular printing, by send- 
ing samples or photographs to the S. F. 
Engraving Co., No. 405 Kearny St. 
Prices moderate, by Photo-relief, Zinc- 
opraph, and other improved methods. 


(Succeasors to MILLER & CO..) 

Wool, Grain, 


Coir\missioi:\ Merchants. 

10 Davis Street, near Market. 



Grain, Flour, Wool, Etc. 

[Members of the San Francisco Produce Exchange). 
211 and 213 Clay St., S. P. 
^^Liberal advances made on Consignments 

Agricultural Books. 

I Orders (or Agricultural and Scientific Books in general 
' will b» luppIi-U thrtmjrh Dk^ rv &Co,. at published ratM 

Commission Merchants. 


Late Miller & Co. 



Commission IVIeroliants 

And Dealers in 

Green aid Dried Fruits, 

Grain, Wool, Hides. Beans. Potatoes. 

404 & 406 DAVIS STREET, 

p. O. Box 1936 S4N FRANCISCO. 





WJiolesale Grocers, 




Front Street Block, bet. Clay & Washington. San Franolsoo. 
Special attention given to country traders-^f 
P. O. Box 1040. 



(Successors to ,1. W. GALE & CO ,) 

Ml ani Seneral Comniission Uercknts, 

And Wboleaale Dealf rs in Ca'ifornia and Or.'gon Produf^e, 
AlMi. Oniiii. Wiwl. Hiihs. Bi,iMs, I'vl,tt.«.i, Clinsr, E,i(,'. 

Hiittrr idiil hoiii ii. 
RrrnI/ Qtnnac* No 402 Davla Street, and 
Dl H/R OlUICa. 120 Washington Sc., S. F. 
Prompt Retnms. Advance Liberally f n Consignments. 


Corx\missior\ Merchants, 

(Members of San Francisco Produce Exchange.) 
ao California Street. San Francuco. 



Na 76 Warren Street. New Tork. 

Commission Merchants In Cal. Produce 

RiipiiRKNCKS. — Tradesmen's National Banlt, N. Y. ; Ell- 
wanger & Barry, Rochester, N. Y.;C. W. Reed; Sacra- 
mento, Cal.; A. Lusk & Co., Srin Francisco. Cil. 


A good printer, or a steady and able business man, 
with a good reputation and a little means, can purchase 
(at loss than two-thirds its value) the whole or a part o( a 
long and well-established and paying newspaper and job 
printing office, in one of the rising business centers of 
this State. 

Principals only need apply, (and that soon) to DEWEY 
& CO., at tbe office of this paper. 

P. S.— A first-class printer can secure a permanent sit- 
uation by applying Boon, Also, a steady country boy a 
situation ai Janitori 



[July 8 1882 


The Harmon Seminary, 

Berkeley, Cal. 

A Nkw Boaedino and Day School, fob 
Young Ladies. 

Will be conducted bv REV. S S HARMON 
and Mrs. F. W. HARMON, for the laet 10 
years principals ofWasblnp'ton College 

The HARMON SEMINARY will receive girls of all 
ftRCB; the instruction comprising Primary, Preparatory 
and Academic. Thorough course in the English 
branches. Tlie Arts, Music and Modem Languages in 
charge of well known roasters. Special course prepara- 
tory to the State University. 

The HARMON SEMINARY will be first-class in all re- 
spects, and will combine the best educational advantages 
with home care, guidance and guardianship. 

The first year will open August 3, 1SS2. 

For prospectus and other information, address 
8. S HARMON, Berkeley, Cal., 
Or. E. J. WICKSON, 4U Clay St., S. F. 



Telegraph TDstitute an«i Normal School. Comer Hunter 
fitreet and Miner Avenue, Stockton. Cal. Largest School of 
its kind on this cDast Ojien day and evening. Tuitidii and 
expenses Icbs than one-half the usual rate, i-.x-^ellent bdU'd. 
$10 per month. Courses of Study: Full Busiutss Course, 
Full Normal Course, Review Course. Special Courses. Teach- 
ers' Course. Preparatory Course, Telegrapy. Languages. The 
College Journal, contatniug full iufLirmation. will be seut 
post paid to any addresa. F. M. €E<AKK, Prllirllial. 



LIFE vSCnOL\RSIfllS, $70. 

Paid in Inatullin«nt8, S75. 
i^Send for circulars. 




Takes first rank for thorouch- 
ne89 and ability of its teachers; 
alsu for home care. 

I Business, Classical, and 

IEngiiali Departments. 
Next Term commences July 17th 

Send (or Catalogue to D. P. SACKBTT, A. M . 

Principal, Oakland, Cal. 

417 Kearny Street, San Francisco. 

President. Businesa Manager. 

^"Send for C'irculare .gy 


- FOR— 

1825 Telegraph Avenue, Oakland, Cal 
Tlie next year will begin on 

WEDNESDAY, JULY 26. 1882, 

B. N. FIELD, Principal. 


Oakland, Cal. 

Bbv H. E. Jswett. 


This Institution, hcrctcifore known as Golden Gate Acad' 
emy. will open Tuesday a. m., .July 18, 1882, Tlie building 
and t'roTinds arc uiiderf^uilig extt-Lsive improvements. 

ClaaBicul. Littrary and English courses. TeleKraphj 
taught. lioyH and youutf men received. Send for pro8peo- 
tusto il. E. JkWKIT, rrinriiml. 


A No. 3, 7x10 Ames Engine, in use only one season, 
In thorouKh repair, will be sold cheap. 

H. F. GREGORY 8s CO , 
2 & 4 California St., S. F. 


Gold, Crystal, Lace, Perfumed & Chromo CardB,name 
In gold and Jet, 10c. CUnton Bros., CUntonTlUe, Co 

You well know the virtue of our H. H. H. Horse Liniment. It has been used for 
years throughout the entire Pacific Coast, ami has been found without an crjual as a 
Liniment for man and beast. We liave now iiddi'd to our list of medicines "The H. 11. H. 
Hoof and Healing Ointment," and the "H. H. H. Condition Powders." No stock- 
raiser, once having used our medicines will ever be without them in the house. For 
.sale everywhere. 

Trade} H H. H. {MarkTrade; H. H. H. 

Hoof and Healing Ointment 
For Brittle Hoofs, 
Fever in Feet, 

Contracted Hoofs, 
Sand Cracks, 
Quarter Cracks, 
Collar Galls, 
Harness Galls, 
Mud Fever. 
Etc., Etc. 

Sole Proprietors. 

Horse Liniment 

The most effectual 
liniment ever used for 
Callous Lumps, 
Old Sores, 
Stiff Joints, 
Windgalls, Etc. 

Sole Proprietors. 

Trade} H, H, H. '.Mark 
Condition Powders, 
For Inw ard Strains, 
Hide Bound, 
Loss of Appetite, 
Yellow Water, 
Poll Evil, 
Colds, Etc. 

Sole Proprietors. 






Three Hundred Sold in Two Years- 
H. C. SHAW Stockton Gang Plow, 





Powell's Electric Hay and Grain Elevator. 


(Send for Illustrated Catalogue and Price list.) 

201-3 El Dorado Street, - - - Stockton, Cal. 

S. W. Corner Kearny and Montgomery Ave., San Francisco. 

narFree Coach to the House, O.' T. BECKER,*^^PrOprietor 


GEO. D. DORNra Manager. 

WM. SEXTON Aest. Mauager. 

p'.uin and easily iinderetood Contract, also on Grain in 
Warchuuse, Dwellings, Barna and other Farm Property. 





S. P. Baiiey. O. E. Badoley. Jons Bailev. 


C^r. Main and California Sts , Stockton. Cal. 

Importers aud Jobl>ers in 

Agricultural hpbents, Earlware, Etc. 

Agents for the 

J. t Cue ai Wools Eeaden, VcSomicl Eamsting UacUse 
Co.'s Binders, Beapers ai liovers, the LaBelle Freight, 
Fim and Beader Wagons, Alehouse Tasde:: Windmills, 
llisnesota Chief Thrashers, Engines and B:tse 
Fevers, San Leandro, Buford and Stodcton 

Gang and Snlhy Flows. 
Also, State Agents for the Celebrated 


Large Stock of Builders' Hardware and Carpenters' Tools. 
Orders Promptly Fided, and Goods sold at Bedrock Prices. 




l8 recognized as the 

Always givei satisfict'on. SIMPLE, 
STRONG and DURAISLE in all parts. 
SipIIiI Wrnueht iron Crank Shaft with 
uorKLK BKARi-08 fot the Crank to 
work in, all turned and run in adjust- 
able babbitted buxe?. 
Positively Sclf-Rej^nlating 
With no coil springs, or springs of any 
kind. No little rods, joinls, levers, or anything of the 
kind to get out of order as such things do. Mills in use 
6 to 1 2 j'ears in gco^l order now, that have never cost one 
cent for ref^airs. All genuine Enterprise Mills for the 
Pacific Co;i8l trade come only through this agency, and 
none, whether of the old or latest p,ittcrn, aregenuice, ex- 
cept those bearing the "Enterprise Co." ttamp. L' ok out 
for this, as inferior mills are b^ing oOcred wilh tec- 
timonials applied to Ihcm which were given for ours. 
Prices to suit the times. Full particulars free. Best 
Pumps, Feed Mills, et?., kept in stock. Address, 



San Francisco Agency. LINFOBTH, BICE 
& CO., 323 & 325 Market St.. S. F. 

The California Washing Machine. 

vntto, 431 Fourth .St ,S.F. 

Save time and 
money. Save 
ynir clothes- 
Make your houx< 
liappy. Buy the 
h At aud cheapest 
Washer Satis- 
faction gnaran- 
tecd, or no sale. 


convenient. U. 
trated circular, 
Reading Ranch, 

Good Und that will r.iise a crop every 
year. Over 12,000 acres for sale in lots to 
suit. Climate healthy. No drouths, bad 
floods, nor malaria. Wood and water 
S. Title, perfect. Send stamp for lllus- 
to EDWARD FRISBIE, Proprietor of 
Anderson, Shasta County, C*l. 

July 8, 1882.] 


Seeds. Plants. Etc. 


Established In 1858. 

For Bale, all kinds of Fruit Trees, Vines and Fruiting 
Shrubs raised without irrigation. Also, a general assort- 
ment of Evergreen Trees and Shrubs, deciduous Flower- 
ing Shrubs; Roses in assortment. Conservatory and Bed- 
ding Plants in great variety. Send for Catalogue and 
List of Prices. Address W. H. PEPPER, 

Petaluma Soooma County, Cal. 


San Bernardino, - - - - Cal., 

Box Q75. 

Fruit and Ornamental Trees 


True to name and reliable. Persons intending to plant 
JUNE BUDDED or other trees, next seaspn, should 

Prinoipal Niu-jery located just south of Colton. 



Importers, Growers and Dealers in Garden, Field and 
Flower Seeds, Dutch Bulbous Roots, Summer Flower- 
ing Bulbs and Garden Requisites of every description. 
Catalogues mailed to all applicants. Address 

B. K. BLISS & SONS, 34 Barclay Street, N. T. 


BloBBoms and extracts of blossoma, the greatest blood 
purifier known. A sure cure (or Cancer, Salt Rheum, 
and all blood diseases if taken in time. Many also have 
been cured of Catarrh, Rheumatism, Poison Oak and 
other diseases. For full particulars, circulars and testi- 
monials address, W. C. NEEDHAM. sole agent for Pacific 
Coast, P. O. Box 422, San Jose, Cal. 

^ Bm D*t1^ i.. PEACH-" - 

„ , . . m, Br.itn.1 _ . . 

UMMCIIaa. Ru. Lm, Unro CliDi, A*. APBICOTS— • 1 n... VH,.; 
htda^ K'^'t ^ I>LbUR-a)«,( bM TkrUi*. ofMrliMt 

■■CTABtNkA^L»t. K«4, j^-oU ir*m W KAKl-2 1-2 t\., 25. 

gwm bUi^ Mffaj <Th«lnDl, W.lBDi. ItntUmei, Ukd-lrB, Oiokori. Pm*b, Ukrvllu 
r^Uf, C«l>l[A. Pk.p... A*).. II>plk, boi Kl.l«r. TotlpUM. Bm«IVm. UK(aDli>.8«w 
tuL BUnrMd. Kltt. ehviM B**r|r«.D^ tni mtMj Kan) bwlda ml\ UmU •f 
Mi OraiM, Hhkllu. .ml ul>i*t '^attlop. 

%mtdm I K>.* i kloAM Hok vf Brooa Mm, Hugftr Oua, DmTn. >«1l-t«>.<] PMkbM, 
•Iw. ArttoWkn, Hop rooU, Ootu» mwL BAHB0U3. PruaU, Dald tit.Awi. lL< moai 

t^J^ Ii^cataloo£eh frVr. ** 

W A. gANHKIUi. Fm-m 0» n«. 


One half interest in a Deciduous Fruit Nursery, soutl- 
em part of State. Over 2.'in,000 trees. Apply to 


Colton, Cal. 

»838/j(1882 H nnO '^'i-^FUH's iivnRin 

0,\tKf\J I'KAKS ill Oiclinifl, 


RA AAA ill Niir.srry. Being the 
t/v^vvXI iiitriMlitcerof this famous 
"niit.I lia\e the oriijiiial trees, procur- 
d irniii till- oriKiiiiitor. in Iriiitinff at 
•0,»M»> A NI KSIOKV, fri m which 
propatlating my stnrlv tnrsale. Ap- 
Jpl.vto ll4-ii<l(|llart4T?4 andpt-t tlie gen- 
uine. discnnnt to the trade. Also 
Tr/-fs, I'hiHf.^, ;\nil T'/»rji in variety. Cata- 
\\M. I'AItUV, I'nriy 1». O., N. J. 

Moore's Prepared 

The most tuccessful Poison in uee for Squirrel Kiling 

C. E. WILLIAMS & CO., Proprietors, 


Moore's Sulphur Dip; Safe, Sure and Cheap prepara- 
tion for the cure of Scab in Sheep. 

Eureka! Found At Last! 



To Tbreshers. 
It is light, can be attached to any thresher; 85.00 per year 
will keep it iu repair. By its use 5U0 bushels more per day 
can be threahfd and cleaned, saving to the farmer enough to 
pay hia threshing b lis. also putting tho grain into merchant- 
able condition, saving time lost in rcnpeninKBacks and clean- 
ing over. Farmers and Threshers will please call aud see 
for themselves, at No. 128, 16th street, l)etween C and D 
streets, Sacramento. Aleo, my Fetder aud Klevator At- 
lachment, so well and favorably known as to need no com- 



JAMES CAVIN, Proprietor. 

This Hotisc is the Leading Hotel of the City, containing 
al' the modern improvements. General Ticket Olflce for 
the Big Trees, Yoscmite Valley, Bodie, and General Stage 
Office for all the Southern Mountain Tornis. The Yo- 
gemite Coach will convey guests from the boats and all 
tiains, free of charge 




Z Fruit aaaid Z-^ergreen Trees, Plants, Uto. 

In Large Quantities and Offered in Lots to Suit Purchasers. 
Hedge Shears, Fnnisg and Budding Kni7es, Green House Syringes, Etc. 
Seed Warehouse, 317 Washington St., San Francisco. 





Berrv & Place Machine Company, 

PABKE & LACY, Proprietors. 
No. 323 and 325 Market Street, ... 

Importers and Dealers in everj' Varitty of 

San Francisco, Cal. 


Stationary, Portable and Hoisting Engines and Boilers, 


Suingle Mills, Emery Grinders and Emery Wheels, Gardner Governors, Leather 
and Eubber Belting and Packing, togeiner with a general line 
of Mining and Mill Supplies. 
Catalogues and Price Lists furnished on application..^ 

Natlianiel Curry &: Bro, 

113 Sansome Street, San Francisco, 

W. W. Greener's Celebrated Braech Loading Double Guns. 

W. W. Greener's Trap Gun, 12, 14 or 16 Gauge, $85. 


Ammunition in quantities to suit. 

A liberal discount to the trade. 

Price List on Application 

W.R.^LLEN & CO.. 


Iron Pipe and Fittings, 
Lift and Force Pumps, 
Brass Cooks and Valves, 

For Steam, Water and Gas, 

Sheet Zinc, Iron Sinks, 
Plumbers' Goods. 

Nos. 327 and 329 Market Street. Cor. Fremont, S. F. 



To Squirrels, Gophers, Birds, 
Mice, £tc. 

Endorsed by tlie Grange and all others who have 

used it 



Put up in 1 lb , 5 lb., and 5 gallon tins. Manufactured by 

A. R. BOOTH. Eagle Drug Store, 





R. H. PEASE, Jr.,1 
b. M. RUN'S ON, ;-^B«°t8. 

Nos. 577 and 579 Market Street. 

San Luis Obispo, Cal. 

Silos Reservoirs, Head Gates, I merrill's patent rein holder. 

1 This is u sure and certain preventative to keep horses 
AKTIKIUAL STONE AND COMCRETK. from running away. Price $2. 50. Address W. P. 

RANSOME, 402 Montgomery St., 8. F. Send^f or cireujar. | MERRILL, Florin, Sacramento Co., Cal. 


Improved Churn and Butter-Worker. 

Pat'd U. S., July 6, 1880. Pat'd Canada, Dec. 2, 1880. 

This Churn is the most perfect machine of its class ever 
made; the result of several years' study aud experiment, 
by a practical dairyman. Made extra heavy of the best 
material. The only NON-CORROSIVE METALLIC 
Churn ever offered to the public. 

It took the First Premium at the Stockton Fair, Nevada 
State Fair and the California State Fair, 1881, as a churn, 
and a Diploma as the best Butter- Worker. For further 
particulars and circulars address the Inventor and Sole 
Patentee. GEO. W. FREEMAN, 

Oakland, Cal. 
Or Jas. L. Haley, Janesville, Lassen Co., Cal., 
Benicia Agricultural Works, Benicia, Cal. 


— AT — 


All kinds of Fancy and Staple Groceries, wholesale and 
Retail, at their Stores, 

323 to 33 I Sixth St., I 307 Polk St., 

— AND — 

11144 AND 1146 FOLSOM ST., S. F. 

Goods delivered to any part of the city, or to any rail- 
road, steamer or vessel, free of charge. 

Country Orders Specially Solicited. 

All such orders must be accompanied by a check or cash. 
All goods promptly delivered and warranted as to quality. 
/^Orders most respectfully solicited. 


Is the west Pump in in tne worlo. Auocber 
Kew Improvement is Lewis Patent 
Spray Attachment. 

Can change from solid stream to spray instantly. Regu- 
lar retail price, $6. Weight, 4J 11)3. Length, 32 Inches. 
111 Leldesdorff St., 8. F. 
P S. A sample oan be seen ».t this office. 




Oorner of Front and M Streets, Sacrsmenta 


Fruit and Packing Boxes Made to Order, 


4V Communlcatlong Promptly Attended to. 
OOOKE & SONS, Sacceasorg to CooKi * Obisort 

The American Driven 

Send for Circulars. 


40 Merchants' Exchange San FrancUco, CaL 

On 50 large TAIinS. R^-mcm. 
itrnin-c, Si'nttmcnl, Ilimd Hoqiict, if. 
;o2iillko, lOr, Iti.ks.Sl. riiiisc send 
. for Alliiiiit of lUO tniiilllcs nnrl IIrI of 

_ '(flint |)n'nihliiiHftii(iy?rrf«ccd/V(CeZM(. 

'.10 IliicUlllUevcl Eil|jel'ardii,turncde»rner,10e. 

'Agriils nitikf* &« ppp font. Wp offer the larffost lino of Card* 
tho host rroniliiiiis mid tho lo.vo«l prlro.. Wo nil nil orllor« 
nromiitlv niiil jriiiiriinloo NjilNfiu-thiii. Arantoiip rrliilorHniip. 
pllodnllh l.lniik «U,.Ic.h1.- prir... Ksliilill.hi cl ISJO. 

MIUTIIKHII) imi) HOllhS,, I'l.iin. 

Hooper's South End Grain Warehouses, 

Cor. Japan and Towneend Sts., a F. 

Firet-class Fire-proof Brick BulldlnK. Capacity. 10.000 
tons Goods taken from the Dock and the Cars of the O. P. 
R. R. and 3. P. R. R. free of charge. Storage at Current 
Bfttes. Advaooea and Insurance effected. 

LARGE SIZE New ChromoB, with name, 10c. 
TODD & CO., late Wise & Co., Clintonville, Conn. 




[July 8 x88a 

GEO. W. ME^DE & CO., 

Office and Warehouse, Nos. 41 6 and 418 Fr ont Street, San Francisco, Cal. 


California and Oregon Sun Dried and Evaporated Fruits, 



ISf As the LEADING HOUSE and HEAD(^UARTER8 in all these products, wo are ready to correspond with the producers with the view of purchase or contract for the cominir crona. rkmfmritii ~. .v. . 

rs i^'8°eule°men?8"""*"'' '«'Kht«, etc., ourselves, or delivered in S. F., freiRht paid. Remember, also, that in deaUng with us you are operating through strictly FIRsI HANDb\ N^^ 


DELAYS ID settlements. 

'^f l^EY & CO. 

Scientific Press 

American and Foreign 



252 Market Street, Eleyator 12 Front, 

San Francisco. 

Branch Offices /.: all Foreign Countries, 


Ceo. H. Strong. 

W. B. Ewer. 

A. T. DtwEt 

NEARLY 1,000 

Percheron - Norman Horses 

Iiiipnrl.rd anil IJrcd l.y 

Wayne, Du Page Co., Illinois. 


Two aaad. OPiftsr 


. v^!-, being Imported from 
France by him the 
present year. 



In service in La Perche. 

Thcv will lie shipped :is soon :)s ihtir season is 
romplelj-il. I his iitiportiilion will lomprisc ;i 
lot of Ihu finLst M:>r< s ;.n.l t nlts, w hich, wh.-n 
added to the already j;reat . ..lle. li.m of Oaldawn. 
will n.akc the liarseHt and Most Melert 

Htad ever rolle. t.-.l. ;,„d will ,„ake il possible In 

than one oollIU i-, iheir native .oimlrv 

in niontliH. 



Send for Catalogue, and come and sec for your 
selves. VisMors always weUoine, whether thev 
desire to punhase or not. C'ariiage at Depot. 
Telepraph at Wavnc with privjle Telephone eon- 
nprtion with OaVilaiv n. 

Attorneys & Counsellors-at-Law 

Rooms 7. 8 and 9 

No. S20 California Street. 8. F., 
(Over Wells Fargo & Co. "a UaoJi ) 

SpeciEil Attention Paid to Patent 

N. B. — Mr. J. L. Boone, of the above firm, han been con- 
nected with the patent business for over 15 years, and de- 
votes himself almost exclusively to patent litigation and 
kindred hranohnji 

Tbls paper la prlntea wltb Ink furnished by 
Chas. Bneu Johnson Si Co., 609 South 10th 
St., Phlleulelphia & 69 Oold St., N. Y. Agent 
'or Pacific Coast— Joseph H. D«r9ty 607 

F. A. HILL, Superintendent. 

B. P. PALMER, Secretary. 


Recently removed from Ban Leandro, to Beiiicia, Cal. Formerly Sweepstake Plow Co. 

Manufacturers of 


Gang Plows, Road and Field Single Plows, Iron and Wood Frame Har- 
rows, Cultivators, Seed Sowers, Hay Presses, Haying and Har- 
vesting Machinery, Headers, Iron Farm and Freight 
Wagons, Patent Iron Gear Spring Wagons, 

Spring and Thoroughbrace Wagons 


Buckboards, Barrows, Store and Warehouse Trucks, Grain 
Cleaners, Barley Crushers, Eureka Ditching and Grad- 
ing Plows, Sweepstake Quartz Mills, Etc. 

The Lsrereet and Most Complete Agricultural WorkB on the Coast- 

Ttf biiiMingB ara over 1.60Lt ft. iti lungth. and have a rtoor surface of 105, 402 8<i\iikre feet, or nearly 2| acres. 
The whareeB. connected with the works by rail, are over 60(i ft in length, oiidhave a ttaor Eurface of more than 40,000 square 
ft,, incltiding warehouRc. The machinery is entirely new, of lateflt improTed patterns throughout. With this Mammoth 
Kstahlishuient and .skilled mechanics in every dejurtment. we are prepared to t)uild every Kind of imulement to order, and 
parties reeding su|rge^:tiooH or assistance in perfecting inveutious will have the lH->st kindof aid and aasUtance, therelty Kaviog 
time, labor and com. Our fHcilities are eucn a-i to in&ure rapifl work and prompt ehipmenta, either by ra'l or water, tbuft 
raakinK a good tiivinjr for parties in the interior who order goods fr.»m these Worke. We particularly invite correspon- 
dence from the c^iuutry, and prompt responses will be sent to all inquiries. We have increased facilities for manufactur- 
ing not only Spring, Farm and ThorouKhbrace Wat;on^. but all style? of Vehicles will be built to order, including Iron 
dear Spring Wagons with the Celebrated Patent 'ron Wheel; al o, the Sweepstake Patent Iron Farm and Freight Wagon. 
We are sole manufacturers of the Celebrated HiU'a Eureka Sulkv <^ang Plow, the moat popular Gang in the State, o: 
which there are a greater number in use than any other make. Always victoriou-i at plowing matches and has made a 
clean sweep of premiums since 1S70, and at the late State Fair at Sacrau^ento, ww awarded tlie first premium of one bun 
dred fljllars. 


H ll's Eureka Single Sulky Deep Tiller. 

" Tule Flow. 
Improved (Iranger Gang. 
Im'd Single Sod and Tule Plow. 
S ngle Plows. 

Hill's Sweepstake Road and Breaking GHlis' Improved Horse Powers. 
Plows. 1 CultiTators. 

Hide Hill Gang. iGem Seed Sowers. 

I '* I>ouble Deep 'i'iller I Hiil's Improved Headers. 

Fresno Ditching and Grading Plow i Wood and Iron Harrows, etc 

Remember that Water-Communication insures Cbeip Freights That dealers, farmers and others living at. or 
near the Sacramento or San JoH<|uin rivers or their tributaries, can mike a GRKAT SAVING (»F FREIGHT by b iying 
Goods manufactured by the IlKNKiA A(»KKri,i r ral WoitK-^. either direct, or through ME>sK-i, Bakeu& Hamilton. 
agents, Sai Francisco and Sacramento. The overland train passes between wharf and works, so that partitK from the in- 
terior, or froiri S^n Irancieco, will ba landed at the door of the factory. Wholesale and retail deale's. farmers and con- 
eumers are cordially invited to call at the works and examine for themselves. Our line of manutacture embraces all of 
California's Standar.l mak'- of Agricultural Iraplemento. We aim to excel all In our line of Manufacture in producing the best 
Implements, with all the Latest Practical Improvement^, which are peculiarly adapted to our soil and the Pacilic Coast, 
both in tilling ground aii'i harveating the grain; producing articles which combine all that genius, enterprise- and science 
can insure A guarantee l" the purchaser, and a titdit to the manufacturer Correspondence i> invited that we may send 
Circulars and descriptive lista Address, 

Or Agents, BAKER & HAMILTON, San Francisco and Sacramento. 





Rope. Wire. Belting. Pumps. Pipe and Steam Fittings. 

310 and 312 Main Street, Corner of America, 



A M> 



Steel Laid and Hand Made. 

Parties wisliing Star Teeth, tclegtaph at niv c\peii8C. 

Address, A. F. LA SHELLS, 

Blgr?e, Butte County, Cal. 

C. B. CASH, XkS. D., 

Consulting and Operating Physician, 

1116 Broadway Oakland, 

Will viiit patients at a distance for congultation or to 
pfrferm opmtloni. 

E. MAIN, 315 Folsom Street, 

Makes to enter Oeata' Fine Frecch Calf Boots from f6 to 
$10; Gaiters from $3 to Alexis from ^.50 to $5: Mens' 
Heavy Kip Bootii. $8; Oxford Tioa, French C»lt J4: Cali- 
fornia Leather $3.50; Men'a Working Shoes from $2.80 to 
$3: Children's Shoes m«ds to ordef. Persons In tba coun- 
try ordering to the amount of $12. I pa; the express 
rharits. I i*U agUilof but my cwa BuulMtur*. 


The best Small Bale Hay Preaa made. Puts 
10 tons of tile Dryest Hay In a roinnion 
box car. Ca|taciiy about 
one ton per hour. 

HIght 4 ft. ; Width. 2 ft : Length. 12 ft ; Weight. 2.800 lbs 
Size of bale when <mt of press, HiJ.I inches, and 3 ft , « 
inchiK long. Average weight, 176 lt.s. One hundred and 
twenty ci^•ht Iwles will go in a car B,ile8 sa smunth sinl 
t'luarc aR plugs of U)tiaccn. Press strongly n-imnt. .1. Can 
li! moved anywhere, up canyon* and over hills. «ith two 
hordes. Re'iuireB no itatioK dou n R<-ady for business as 
Booii it arrives at s'ack, Ba'e is pressed against an end 
iloor (which is oieued after the bale is lied) and is pushed 
out simply by putting in more bay Horse works on a lefer. 
16 ft. long, walking half way round and back, pressing a 
charge » lien going either way Fi llower goes back itfelf 
No dtjor'. Bale tied through "lots In Ihs sides. Made 
'>f the toughest Faiteni wlii^e oak Ir^m work Ttry liea^T 


MADKBRKoim Warranted uot to l>reak for one year. l.;t«lug 
best satisfaction wheuvcr use 1 J'rice. S5'o. Manufac- 
tured at tlie Works of tlie Han Leaimro Plow (J.j . by 

JAC03 PBIOE, San Leandro, Cal., 

Inventor and manufactu er of the Price or PeUluma Press 
the improved EagI; Press, the Brlinse Presj, and impnrter 
and nianiifacluri r of the fELEUKATKU DEDKttICK 
I'RKSmK.S. all style* Seuil for illnstra'.ed calalrgus and 
price list of the alxire-uamed Presses. 



Portable OaWatiized Irnn 


Is the best thins yet intrfxhieed for 
the I urpofte. 

Fruit evaporated by the /hnmer- 
man Proc es ocnnman .1 the highest 
piice of any. Fruit gr .wers shouid 
send for descriptive catalogue, with 
teKtimoiiials, to 


325 Market Street. S. F. 

Or to the following ngeiits: Jdo. B. 
Nilefl, Los ADgeles; L. S Lesb. 
'Vlar>sville: T K. Wait, Salem. Or ; 
Dalles. Or : H M. Porter A Co , Walla 

T. W .wilier,: The 
Walla. W T. 


For gale— Two sate S eam Plows, manufactured hy the 
world-renowned firm of .lohn Fowler i Co., of LeedR, 
Eacland, with all latest improvements and duplicate ac- 
ccBSories. These plows are capable of plowing from IS to 
.'iO acres per day per set, at a depth of from oue inch to 
two feet, or more. The four |)owerful traction engines be- 
lonf;in? to the outfit were expressly constructed for <jse 
on the Pacific Coast and colonies, with a view, not only 
to economy in fuel, hut also for transportation purposes, 
and for all kinds of farm work where steam power Is ad- 
vantageous or requisite. Apply to 

Room 10, No. 109 California St., S. K 


Oil and Other Supplies. 

Just out. For Dealers only. Mailed free. 


0, 11 & 13 First St, - - San Francieoo, 

Volume XXIV.] 


Number 3 

The Redwood Industry. 

We give on this page a sketch which may 
puggest the redwood industry and call forth 
Bome comments upon its extent and the value 
of the timber prepared for use. Of the redwood 
treo we shall say nothing, for we have on this 
page an article by Dr. Kellogg, who writes of 
trees like a poet as well as a botanist. Of red- 
wood lumber and timber it may be said that it 
is the mainstay of our carpentry and building, 
and its production is a leading source of wealth 
in several of the coast counties. 
This may be inferred when we 
cite the figures of redwood pro- 
dttotion for 1881. The following 
ifl the total mill shipment as fur- 
nished us by the Secretary of the 
Hedwood Manufacturers Associa- 


Rec'd in San Francieco bay. . .&5,414,S56 
Shipped from Mills to other 
point6, foreign and domestic.SS, 051, 158 

Total mill shipments 130,465,714 

The value of this lumber, fig- 
ured at $18 per M is |2, 348, .370, 
which is certainly a respectable 
•mount when it is considered that 
it is for one variety of timber. 

Redwood has many excellent 
qualities, but one which we would 
especially emphasize at this time 
is its durability, as this has been 
called in question by correspond- 
ents of Eastern papers. We can 
best demonstrate its lasting qual- 
ities by the enumeration of in- 
Stanoea which have been reported 
to us by one who is well informed 
in the manufacture and use of 

There is now standing in Santa 
Cruz a split picket-fence built in 
1841, by J. P. Springer, of red- 
wood pickets, most of them one 
inch thick, and it is perfectly 
aound to-day. 

Rjdwood fences made of split 
pickets, at Trinidad, in 1852, 
are sound and still in use. 

F. P. and J. A. Hooper, in 
building a railroad at Trinidad, 
were obliged to fell a redwood tree 
150 ft. high and 10 ft. in diame- 
ter, which had grown up beside a 
fallen redwood tree, and the roots 
of 10 inches in diameter had 
grown over the fallen tree. The 
fallen tree was found to be sound, 
and stringers for a trestle were 
cat from it. 

At Fort Ross, on Myers & Ben- 
iiet's property, there is a corral of 
bewn redwood and fences built by 
the Russians 60 or 70 years ago. 
The ends of the timbers 
posts which are in the 
sound to-day. 

At the corner of Montgomery 
and California streets there is a 
piece of redwood pavement that 
h%% been in use for 20 years. The durability 
of redwood depends a great deal upon the 
place in the tree from which it is taken. Near 
the butt the wood is full of sap and very heavy 
and dark-colored, and will last indeBnitely. The 
lumber men say that redwood which will weigh 
five pounds to the foot, board measure, will not 
rot in 50 years. The lumber nearer the tops of 
the trees is soft and not so durable as the butt, 
and yet even the top redwood will outlast pine 
when exposed to the elements or in contact with 
the earth. There is a corral which was built 
.30 years ago from the timber from a single tree. 
The man began cutting and settiog posts from 
the butt of the tree upward. The first posts 
to rot were from the top of the tree and the 
decay followed around the corral until the posts 
from the lower end of the trunk were reached, 
and they are sound now. 

Redwood has come into request for export 
eastward, where it is used in panels for its 
beautiful color and grain. It is also coming 
forward in fine cabinet work in our own State 
for bekttty rather thea h ud&cM, 

The Redwood. 

" For they sine; to my heart, 
And it sings to them evermore.' 

-J. P. Lowell, 

Towering redwood trees of most enormous pro- 
portions sentineled our entrance of the Golden 
Gate in 1849. Alas! what wits it now to us 
whether they saw the vandals or the vandals 
them? Lofty landmarks, objects of intense in- 
terest, this great colossal and characteristic 
evergreen of the California coastl Bold, nay.awe- 
inspiring, grand and imposing, herculean pillars 
of the heavens, from out whose blue vault they 

young saplings spring from the parent root, say 
within the usual area of 15 to 30 ft. or so, re- 
newing their youth in such close proximity, 
two or more may unite to form one large tree. 
Dr. Wm. P. Gibbons, J. Muir, myself and 
others, have often seen the forested Philemon 
and Beaucis in lasting embrace, typically trans- 
migrated, beneficent and happy still. Redwood 
foliage is like yew; the same fiat and final 
starry spray or twiglets of small leaves, say one- 
half to one inch long, distinctly in two rows, 
fiat, line-like, with a sharp point, dark green 
above, though not so shiningly varnished; un- 
derside soft grayish sea-green; tipped with 

s and fence 

ground are {^y^^"^" 


looked abroad o'er land and sea, high above the I young spring growth of bright vivid yellow 
hilltops beyond the bay. 

Of the same genus as the giant Washington 
cypress, of world -renowned fame, of nearly equal 
hight— 200 to 300 ft., 15 to 20 ft. in diameter 
(rarely more), and usually 75 to 100 ft. or more 
of clean trunk, only second to Sequoia of Sierra — 
attains to thousands of years of age; and, 
what is even more marvelous, these monstrous 
stumps still maintain their vitality. Trees of 
all sizes and to the extremest age, when cut 
down, forthwith shoot up unnumbered saplings 
of great vigor and exceeding rapidity of growth; 
continued repetition at brief intervals only can 
kill them. The numerous branches are small 
and very short; indeed, relative to the s'ze of 
the trunk, in age, quite insignificant; as 
it were, mere appendages. So intently devoted 
are they to the all-absorbing timber pro- 
ducing purpose of their great sylvan colossus, 
this enables them to close their ranks and 
crowd the land with an immense amount of 

timber per acre, absolutely unparalleled. 
Oocasionftllsr, when s social oircl« o! 


green, then for beauty, they far surpass the gay- 
est flowers and the prettiest ferns. More or 
less mixed with the common foliage, are leaves 
reduced to scales; indeed, some trees are found 
in every grove with awl-pointed, scaly leaves, 
like the foliage of the Great Sequoia; but 
among the redwoods these are exceptional and 
somewhat rare. The garland-like limbs are 
chiefly spreading, save in great age, or tipped 
and drooping with male flowers like the Mam- 
moth King, or pending tiny terminal cones of 
an oblong shape, one to one and one-fourth 
inches long and one-half to three-fourths of an 
inch thick, consisting of numerous trapezoidal 
disked scales, thickly and roughly implaited by 
the indrawn or quilted-like center; its very 
sharp prickly point turned forwards or pressed 
down and looking outw-irds; the shield-like 
disk more or less distinctly marked by a sharp 
laterally transverse ridge, stem of the scale 
stout, persisting, compressed, broadly-wedged 
form with some sharp angles, covered and 
itftinsd by ft dark purple, almost black, ihin- 

ing, fragile and granular secretion, like gum 
catechu. Seeds, three to five to each scale, 
flat, oval, or obovate in outline, lateral wings 
very narrow or slightly and often obliquely 
margined, color dark reddish-brown, only a lit- 
tle notch ~d at the outer and larger enl, and 
shaped like parsnip or other similar seeds. 

Redwoods abound chiefly, if not entirely, on 
sandstone soil — light, loose, black or ashy — and 
always in the track, and confined to the fog 
limits of the coast, say 15 to 30 miles inland, 
and probably never exceed 40 or 50 miles, even 
in the most favorable low coast ranges where 
he fog passes over low lands or through open 
gaps. These mighty, majestic 
redwood wands possess a magic 
power over passing fogs, wontedly 
precipitating them in showers of 
rain at their feet — for this, main- 
ly, among many other good rea- 
sons, living springs of the purest 
water ever bubble and babble at 
their bidding— choice guards, as 
they undoubtedly are, stationed 
around springs and water sup- 
plies, they are, for this very rea- 
son, all the poorer roadside or 
more intimate rural companions. 
The continual timber supply ca- 
pacity of a redwood forest, un- 
der judicious care, is so prodigous 
as to be simply incalculable; none 
but a suicidal and utterly aban- 
doned infanticidal policy, wan- 
tonly and untiringly practiced, 
can ever blot them out. 

The timber is red, with a faint 
coppery or met?,llio irridescent 
gloss. Choice curl-grained wood 
is very ornamental for cabinet 
finishing and similar work — takes 
a fine polish, simply stained or 
varnished, it is far preferable to 
any paint; the hues deepen to 
richer darker shades with age. 
Well-matured heart-wood of the 
base of these trees is 8o solid and 
heavy as to sink in water, i. e., 
for a few saw-log "first cuts," 
as the log-men express it; these 
will last for ages, under the most 
trying circumstances, like cedars 
and yews. The upper part of the 
same tree, on the contrary, is 
soft, exceedingly light, though of 
like fine grain, only more brittle, 
but insects seem never to trouble 
any of it. It is a great, and cer- 
tainly too common error, to choose 
timber by name rather than by 
selecting the proper quality. Dur- 
ing our earthquake experiences 
we had occasion to examine many 
walls, all alike laid upon redwood 
plank, in the lower made portion 
of the San Francisco city front. 
Some foundations, of just the 
same age, were apparently nearly 
as perishable as poplar, while 
others were as solid as so much 
cypress or cedar. Seasoning alone, 
important as that is, like age for 
wine, will never make the origin- 
ally poor good. Probably, from 
estimate of the redwood forests 
our coast, it would not comprise 
much more than about 3,000 square miles of 
timbered land. The already extinct and too 
scattered portions are ignored in this estimate. 
This Coast range timber belt extends from the 
northern portion of the State south to San Luis 
Obispo. Access to tide water, great economic 
value and universal use, have altogether doomed 
these mammoth cedars to a speedy destruction. 

The bark, reduced to bast, has been utilized 
for upholstering — an excellent material. The 
woodman covers his corduroy swamp passes and 
bridges with this very superior and imperishaYile 


material. - 


-Dr. Kellogg's Forest Trees of Ca li- 

Ik the low-lying districts of England, land ia 
under water, and wheat is much beaten down. 
If this goes on much longer, the hat-vest of 1882 
will be quite rhitted, and the doUapse of the 
British agribdltntal lilterest will Bo complete, a 
contingency which mnUt add t6 ihs perils before 
the oouutry, 



[July 15, 1882 


We admit, unendorsed, opinlonaof oorrespondenU.— Edb. 

Arrowliead Hot Springs. 

Eduoks Press:— One of the most interest- 
ing, pleasant and noted places of resort for the 
invalid and tourist, in the future, will be Ar- 
rowhead Hot Springs, in Southern California. 
These springs are situated in the foothills of 
the San Bernardino mountains, and have an 
elevation of about 2,000 ft. above the level of 
the sea, and 1,000 ft. above the San Bernardino 
valley, which stretches away to the south, the 
range forming its northern boundary. At the 
present time there are accommodations for but 
a limited number, and as the springs have not 
been advertised to any extent, they are not 
generally known. A few hundred yards above 
the springs, on the precipitous mountain side, 
is a curious white mark, taking the form of an 
arrowhead, or much resembling the ace of 
spades, and from which the springs derive their 
name. This singular mark is formed by the 
outcropping of a body of light-gray quartz or 
granite. This disintegrated rock supports b 
scanty growth of light colored weeds and gras?. 
A thick growth of dark green bushes and shrubs 
civers the surrounding soil, forming a sharp 
contrast to the arrowhead, which, owing to its 
size— 1,115 ft. in length and 31t6 ft. wide, and 
pointing downward toward the springs — pre- 
sents a very conspicuous figure to the surround- 
ine country below. 

To make Arrowhead Springs one of the moat 
useful and paying resorts in the southern part 
of tie State, it only requires the laying out of 
a comparatively small amount of capital in the 
e)e:tion of a good, commodious hotel, conven- 
ient and suitable bath-houses, the laying out of 
grounds and walks, and the setting out of 
shade trees, etc. By nature, this place is ad- 
mirably adapted for this mission; large streams 
of water issue from the earth in quantities that 
never diminish, indicating, many think, the ex- 
istence of large, subterranean caverns, or reser- 
voirs, from which the inexhaustible supply is 
drawn. The water is thought by some to be 
heated by chemical action. Others imagine 
that the water is brought up to the boiling 
point by volcanic heat, A little above the 
springs is a deep, shady canyon over whose bed 
rushes a cold clear stream of mountain water, 
partly formed l)y the melting snow, far up 
towards the highest peaks. 

The canyon is made good use of by camping 
parties and oicniciug excursionists from San 
Bernardino, Colton and Riverside, which are, 
in the order given, 7, 10 and 17 miles north 
from the springs. At this altitude a remarka- 
bly fine and uniform climate is realized. The 
close air and extremes of heat which are ex- 
perienced at times in the valley during some of 
the summer months, and which is so annoying 
to some classes of invalids, are never known to 
occur here: while, on the other hand, the rapid 
changes and cold air of higher elevations are 
also avoided. The baths are said to be adapted 
to a wide range of d'.sordere -especially to 
some diseases of the blood brought on by dissi- 
pation, and also to pulmonary and asthmatic 

The view from the springs and from some 
portions of the grade leading down into the 
valley is interesting and embraces quite a wide 
range of scenery. The valley below presents 
an appearance not unlike the upper end of the 
Santa Clara valley from the Mt. Hamilton 
grade — large squares of yellow and green fields, 
towns and hamlets almost enveloped in groves 
of shade trees, winding streams bordered with 
Cottonwood and willow, festooned with the 
graceful foliage of wild grape vines. At the 
foot of the grade, and just on the edge of the 
valley, is a field of worn ground and rounded 
bowlders, gravel and sand. For some little 
distance, the road winds round among these 
huge stones which lie piled on every hand in 
massive groups which are very suggestive of 
the work of an ancient glacier. 

These are but a few of the interesting and 
instructive scenes of this locality, and by vir- 
tue of their variety and abundance, this resort 
is surely destined to be one of the most popu 
lar and valuable in this part of our State. At 
present the chief attraction is a little artificial 
lake close to and fed by the springs, which, 
owing to the mild temperature of its waters, 
affordc an inexhaustible amount of fun to large 
numbers of bathers, who can paddle about for 
an almost indefinite length of timn with im 
punity. S. B. Wkight. 

Colton, Cal. 

A GENTLE.M.\N iu a Paiis theatre had his view 
of the stage entirely obstructed by a huge hat 
worn by a lady in front of him. He politely 
requesttd her to remove her head-covering. 
She refused. Nothing daunted, he presentlv 
took his hat from under the seat and put it on, 
when, with a degree of vociferousness only to 
be heard in a French theatre, there were 
shouts all around him of "The hat! the hat 
off with the hat:'' Swiftly removinK it, be 
again addressed the lady, saying, "Vou see, 
madam, it is not 1 alone who complain, for 
every one is objecting to it now." The ruse 
succeeded, and the offensive bat wa« removed. I 

Forest Trees of California— No. 4.* 

Satln-Tassel Tree. 

((Jurriia illiptica.) 
"The mind -that ocean where each kind 
Duth straight its own retemblance find."— .V't"' ' 

A large evergreen shrub or tree, 8 to 15 or 20 
ft. high, three inches to & foot or more in di- 
ameter. The most notable for size lately grew 
near San Francisco, at the San Bruno mount- 
ains, having five principal branches, each five 
to six inches in diameter, from a short main 
body about one and one-half feet in diameter- 
surpassing any oak trees of the vicinity. This 
tree, indeed, bears some casual resemblance to 
the field live oak agrifolin); but the satin- 
tassel tree has opposite, entire leaves, i. e., 
without teeth or lobes. Oo the contrary, most 
oaks have saw teeth, frequently more or less 
deeply cleft or bayed leaves -always alternate. 
This has the twigs also somewhat four-angled. 
Of course, if the fruit of the female tree is ob- 
served, it is found in clusters of tiny little 
grapy bunches of purple bladdery-like berries, 
more or less silky, which stain your fingers 
purple on pinching them, even though dry and 
crispy skinned outeide. Then to you, this tree 
is no longer doubtful, and as the fasicles of stiff 
tags— one to three inches long- fruits, or relics 
of some one remain on all the year round, they 
never lack a present manifest witiies^ of their 
identity. The leaves of both male and female 
trees are alike elliptical, base rounded, mostly 
sharp pointed; margins wavy-bent, dark green 
and smooth above; whitish, with short wool 
beneath, one and a half to two inches long, 
about an inch or so broad; nevertheless, many 
details must needs be omitted. So, only the 
aided and quickened eye of the observer seizes 
some relatively strong points that distinguish 
them and passes on. Confronted with the mas- 
culine tree, which promptly steps to the front 
rank of sylvan beauty, when in winter or early 
spring his partner's modesty makes but humble 
display, behold the long satiny tags, five to 
eight inches in length, pendant in parallel plumb 
hues on the tranquil air of calm days, or early 
dawn, like little lambs' tails on the lawn— air 
of the honest and upright, e'en to the last jot; 
in perfect keeping with rectitude to the ex- 
tremest frankness and candor of innocence. In 
a word, these tags, or catkins, are the most 
sensitive, softest and most flexile satiny pearls, 
strung with living lines, ever hung on 
emerald mantle. From out the vast empyrean 
of love, significance to landscape art, to 
painter, or to poet, ruralist or sage, higher and 
highest, is ever begotten, ruled in wisdom, reg- 
istered on all these — His works. To us, this 
tassel tree mingles with the rugged and sturdy, 
sober and serious, somewhat of the pretty and the 
playful. Return with us again; view it as stirred 
by the breeze ; now, those long, limsy tags in 
their rollicking, giddy motions will suiely re- 
mind you, in their perfect abandon, of those 
wanton lamb's tails —when the lambs themselves 
were wont to play "tag" on the sunny old barn 
II cor of a gay spring morn, in the days when 
you were young; or witness the like joyous lines 
and big successive drops leap out of the cascade, 
arching airy diamonds aloft with an extra touch 
and toss of freedom, grace and beauty, high 
above and beyond, rating the choicest gems of 
the fountain; or, have we in all serenity of de- 
light, seen the lambs cascading, tail and all, in 
a similar way ? then tell us if they do not run 
together in parallel lines of a just similitude 
adown to the great ocean of truth. 

The wood appears to be exceedingly hard and 
tough, but we have no knowledge of its applied 
uee. As a tonic and febrifuge it is scarce at all 
inferior to Peruvian barks. Of the O'arriias we 
have about half a dozen species, of which this 
is, perhaps, the best type. Ere long we trust 
they will be duly appreciated, for ornament, for 
medicine, and for other uses. 

•From "The Forest Trees of Calidiniia,' b.v A. helloL't'; 
published by the State Mining Bureau. State Printiii;; 
Oltice, Sacrameuto, 16S2 

Mississirri Rivek Imi-rovements.- It is es- 
timated that from 6*0,000,000 to .'^lOO.OOO.OOO 
will be required to make the Mississippi river 
a highly serviceable and safe stream for West- 
ern commerce. The immediate result will be 
to reclaim .S'.2,000 square miles of land, worth, at 
SIO per acre, ?20, 000,000, and capable of pro- 
ducing 5=300, OtX), 000 worth of products. The 
Mississippi Valley Cotton Planters' Asso- 
ciation, which is to hold a convention in Mem- 
phis, Tenn., on May 25th, proposes to appeal by 
petition to the tiovernment, to take the project 
in hand. Is this not a most legitimate object for 
(iovernment aid, Trhere millions of square miles 
and millions of population are interested V 

Railway Con.strdci ios is 1SS2. — What ef- 
fect the strikes of the iron-workers may have 
upon railway construction during the rest of 
the current year cannot be told; thus far the 
work has greatly surpassed that of last year, 
when the increase of mileage between il,lX)0 
and 10,000 miles — exceeded that of any previ- 
ous year. Indeed, during the first 5 months of 
the year the increase was more than double 
that of the corresponding month of ISSl. Ac- 
cording to statistics compiled by the liailicai/ 
Age, in 30 States and Territories, on 1'20 roads, 
no less than 3,4S0 miles of new railway were 
laid down during the time mentioned. 

Do Chickens Pay? 

Kditoks Pre!-s: — With a view of still further 
testing this much-disputed (question, I have 
kept a close account of receipts and expendi- 
tures for the past year, and now send you my 
second semi-annual report. Six months ago 
I sent you iny report for the last half of 1881, 
which footed np as follows: 

Si/.e of flocic, HO hens and I) coclu. 


For wheat $i'i.OJ 

" com i).2o 

" bran IS 85 

" shorts ti.55 

" middlings 13.45 

" corn meal 1.20 

" freight, etc 3 90 

Total expense / $73.57 


From 271 dozen eggs J'.ic.Sa 

S7 young rooeteni -'7.32 

" UO pullets 30.00 

Total receipts $154 21 

Less ex|>cnse , 73 57 

Profits *i0.64 

Thus a clear profit was made of §1..34 on each 
hen in six months, no account being made of 
the eggs used in my family of eight persons. 
We use all the eggs we want, and these are, of 
course, worth something. But let them be oil' 
set by table refuse, which we always give to 
the chickens. It pays better than to keep a 
pig. Experience has taught me that there ia 
neither utility nor beauty in the time-honored 
family hog. He is very nearly an unmitigated 
nuisance. The strongest point in his favor is 
the manure he furnishes for the garden, but this 
point will not save him. So the hog has had to 
go, once and forever; I will never keep another 
bog. I mean a "family pig." The hog busi- 
ness is quite another thing. 

A.N'OrllEK KE<OI!I>. 

During the past six montbe, ending June 
30th, 1 bave kept 125 bens and 7 cocks, with 
the following showing: 


For wheat *25.'J0 

•■ corn 10 00 

" ehorts 24.75 

" middlings 11.35 

" Bhells 50 

" sulphur 50 

" freight on 20 cases eggs lO.OO 

ToUl expense $s3.00 

From liOO dozen eggs $1.t0.10 

5» hens sold 25.00 

ToUl receipts 1175 10 

Lees expense 83 OO 

Prolits *y2.10 

Tbis gives a profit of about 74 cents on each 
hen for the six months, making no account of 
the eggs consumed in the family, the ijuantity 
of which was probably three times larger than 
in the half-year preceding, since "spring is the 
time to eat ham and eggs." 

The 50 hens were sold .June '28th, on account 
of age, being two and three years old. But 
they are justly included in the account of in- 
come, since I have more than enough young 
stock to take their place. 

It will be seen that my Hock did not pay 
nearly as well this spring as last fall. The 
reasons, probably are the following: 

First — A part of my bens were too old. In 
this country a hen ought to be pretty much 
drained of eggs within two years after she be- 
gins to lay. 

Second — My chickens suttered this spring 
for lack of range. Last fall I had 60 hens on 
10 acres. Tbis spring I kept 125 hens in a 
one-quarter acre yard nearly the whole time. 
I had to do this to save my garden stuff. 

Third — Feed has been unusually high, while 
the price of eggs has been much lower this 
spring than last fall. 

I shipped all my eggs by express to W. B. 
Cluff Jt Co., No. lit. Sixth St., San Francisco. 
The price averaged about as follows: .lanuary, 
35 cents; February, -*5 cents; March, 20 cents; 
April, 21 cents; May, 2ti cents; June, 27 cents. 
I get the highef't market price and no commis- 
sions to pay. Fifty cents a case of .30 dozen is 
all the expense there is to pay. 

I began, a year ago, with the belief that a 
good hen, well cared for, would pay •■?! clear 
profit in a year. The results show that each 
hen can be made to pay .*2 a year. 

Any man who has gumption and patience and 
a 10 acre range, can keep 500 hens and make a 
clear profit of $1,000 a year. 

My hens are good layers, and they have been 
pretty well cared for. But I had distressingly 
bad luck with my young chickens. Lost nearly 
200 by hawks, skunks, dogs, cats, lice, &c. So 
I have all the more confidence in future success, 
because my hens paid $2 a head in spite of 
these losses. 

1 feed whole corn and wheat at night, and 
shorts and middlings wet up with dish water 
and sour milk in the morning. But my hens 
have got much more dish water than sour milk 
the past year. 

A five-gallon oil can serves as a slop-pail and 
feeding-bucket combined. Thus everything 
from the table is saved and turned to good ac- 

Uy chickens are mixed, Brown leghorn, 

Black Spanish and Brahmas, but more Brown 
Leghorn than anything else. I have a few pure 
Plymouth Itocks, but the Ijeghorns will beat 
them clear out of sight at laying eggs. Next 
year I. will keep only Plymouth Rock roosters. 
This will give added vigor and size to my next 
years' chickens. 

But let beginners remember this, that no 
breed of hens will produce eggs in paying quan- 
tities unless they have plenty of lime (shells 
are bes» i, gravel, and some green food or meat. 
In the early spring tim? all hens lay because 
they get grass and insects. In the fall these 
both fail them. But beet-tops or cabbage - 
leaves furnish excellent green teed during the 
dry period, while oilcake meal answers as a 
good substitute for meat. Chickens treated in 
tbis manner will give a good account of them- 
selves. W. C. Damon. 

Napa, July 5, 1882. 

Guernsey Cows. 

A careful examination will show why the 
butter made from Guernsey cream possesses 
qualities not obtainable from the milk of any 
other animaL The disposition of the cows is 
remarkably gentle and air<>ctionate, their whole 
care upon the island being confided to women 
and children, whose kind ways are perhaps re- 
flacted in their favorites. Passing through the 
island, little children hardly able to totter 
along, will be met with leading these beautiful 
animals to water, their only halter being a frail 
string, the least twitch of which secures obe- 

Almost all the milk produced by the cattle 
of fluernsey is made into butter. This butter 
is carried to the handsome stone market build- 
ing of St. Petersport, where the matrons sit 
awaiting their customers with- their pats of 
golden butter daintily displayed in the deep 
green leaves of the Guernsey cabbage. It in- 
variably commands the price on the 
island and io England. When Mr. Ledyard, of 
Fenwood farm, was there, its price was 18 cents 
per pound above that made on the sister island 
of Jersey. The cattle on the island are in al- 
most all instances tethered, and have but very 
little food beyond the grasses, that in so moist 
a climate atford pasturage duiiog nearly all the 

Although llittle or no grain is fed, the yield 
of butter from a mature Guernsey cow is ex- 
pected to average a pound a day for the year, 
and there are many trustworthy statements of 
cows making 14 and 15 (iaernsey pounds of 
butter, equal 1k> I(> and 18 t1>j. of our weight, 
per week, without the forcing food that in this 
country has ruined many a fine cow by unnat- 
ural stimulation for the purpose of making a 
great butter record. 

It has been our good fortune to taste Gaernsey 
winter butter. Its color is a beautiful gold, not 
artificial or obtained by the feeding of carrots, 
and the flavor is of the best. It is, without 
doubt, the best butter in the world, and those 
who have not tasted it do not know what good 
butter is. This is an hooest opinion, and will 
be backed by users of Guernsey butter. 

If thepjrpo.'e of the farmer is to produce 
butter tbat will meet the demand of critical 
consumers, he will attain the best results by 
using ('Uernsey males, thus availing himself at 
once of the centuries of careful breeding that 
have been carried on in the Channel islands. 

Points of Guernsey Cows. 

In the second number of the "Herd Register 
of the American Guernsey Cattle Club," the 
following proposed scale of points for Guernsey 
cows is given : 

(.•uality of Milk. — Skin deep yellow in ear, 
on end of bone of tail, at base of horn, on udder, 
teats and body generally, 20; skin loose, mel- 
low, with soft fine hair, 10; total, .30. 

i.'aantity and Duration of Flow. — E«cntoheon 
wide on thighs, high and broad, with thigh- 
ovals, 10; milk veins long and prominent, 6; 
udder fu'l in front, 0; udder full and well up 
behind, 8; udder large, hut not fleshy, '4; udder 
teats squarely placed, 4; udder teats *f good 
ai/o.. 2; total, 40. 

Size and Substance. — Size for the breed, 5: 
not too light bone, 1 ; barrel round and deep at 
flank, 4; hips and loins wide, 2; rump long and 
broad, 2; thighs and withers thin, 2; total, III. 

Symmetry. — Back level to setting on of tail, 
3; throat clean, with small dewlap, 1; legs not 
too long, with hocks well apart in walking, 2; 
tail long and thin, 1; horns curved and not 
coarse, 2; head rather long and fine, with quiet 
and gentle expression, 3; general appearance, 2; 
total, 14. Total all counts, 100. For both 
bulls and heifers deduct 20 counU for udder. 

A DiPLOMATU- Answer.— Lady Godiva 
"But surely, doctor, yon don't approve of tbode 
horrid esthetic fashions in women's dress?" 
The doctor: "My dear madam, so long as a 
woman is beautiful, she may wear whatever she 
likes, for me; and if she isn't, what does it 
matter what she wears." Lady Godiva thinks 
the doctor a most delightful person, aad quite 
agrees with him. 

A Chk-ago woman wrote to her friends in 
Boston that "she lived in Hide Park." When 
they came out to visit her, they found the art- 
less thing out at the stock yards. 

July 15, 1882.] 


Awards for Fruit Displays. 

As the horticaltaral interest grows there may 
be expected increased interest in the ex- 
hibition of fruit at our fairs and more accurate 
methods of judging than have heretofore pre- 
vailed. As an item indicating snch a progress 
in interest, we give below the report cf a com- 
mittee of the Santa Clara County Horticultural 
Society concerning a new form of award and 
the rules for bestowing it. A proposition had 
been made that the society ofiFer a gold cup 
(the character of which was to be determined 
hereafter) for the best display of fruit at the 
next county fair. The committee (Messrs. 
Towneend, Younger and Ward) submitted the 
following rules and regulations as their report: 
Report on Ciialieoge Cup. 

This cnp shall be known as the "S. C. C. 
Horticultural Society's Challenge Cap," and 
shall be subject to the following rules and regu- 
lations, to wit: 

1. This cup shall be competed for annually, 
at what is known as the County Fair, held at 
San Jose, or any fair that may be held here- 
after by the S. C. C. H. Society. 

"2. Any holder is required to deliver the cup 
to the order of the Secretary of the Horticultu- 
ral Scciety on the first day of the fair. 

3. Said cnp shall be held by the winner until 
Wednesday of the following fair; and he shall 
exhibit the same on his table at the annual fair 
and until the Awarding Committee shall pass 
judgment; and should it then be awarded to 
another party or parties, it shall then be placed 
on the winnei's table by the committee. 

4. On Wednesday of fair week a committee 
of three disinterested judges shall be appointed 
by the society to award this cup. Should at 
any time the committee tie, a fourth party is to 
be called in, and is to decide between one of 
the parties having a vote, and their award shall 
be final, unless some collusion can be proven 
against the party or parties, then a new award 
is to be made. 

5. This CUD shall be won three consecutive 
times by one person or firm to entitle the 
owner to its perpetual ownership. 

6. The exhibition of fruit entered for this 
cup shall be grown by the exhibitor, and raised 
in Santa Clara county; said fruit to be free 
from noxious insects to envitle any one to com- 
pete for the cup. 

7. Commencing with the year 1SS2, every 
year thereafter the cap shall have the following 
engraving: "Awarded by and under the aus- 
pices of the S. C. C. H. Society, for the most 
meritorious exhibit in the fruit department, to 
, wen in IS — , by ." 

S. The following table is to govern the judges 
jo making their awards : 















Kl>D OF f RCIT. 



















Plains or Prunes. . . 














































































Other Fmite 



RisD or Frcit. 

rr I p 

■3 e 

n > 





















Any other kind of dried fruit . 








ES, jsllus (id 






Kixr OF Fri tt. 



•r S 


»3 i 

Arv one kind of fruit hermetic- 





Aay one kind of preserves. . 











The points in this schedule are the maximum 
number to be given to any one variety or kird 
Jadges may withhold points altogether frcm 
any one or more varieties in an exhibit unde- 
serving, or may withhold points for those qual- 
ities only which are lacking, but in no case can 
more points be given than provided for in this 
schedule; nor shall the full number of points 
tor any one or more of the qualities named be 
given, uxdess the highest degree of excellence 

has been obtained in such qualities. Points 
must not be awarded for the general excellence 
of an exhibit, but each variety or kind must 
be considered separately, and be awarded 
points in accordauce with this schedule. An 
exhibit made by members of the same family 
living together may be considered as being 
made by one person. 

9. These rules can be changed from year to 
year to meet the best requirements of the Soci- 
ety; provided, after this cup has been won two 
consecutive times by one person these rules 
cannot be changed without the consent of the 

10. No one will be allowed to combine with 
another for the special purpose of contending 
for this cap. Should this be proven on the 
party or parties, they will be excluded from 
farther competition. 

11. The judges must award this cup for the 
most meritorious exhibit. 

12. Persons contending for this cup must 
make a special entry with the entry clerk. 

Propagation of Plants by Seeds and 

Peter Henderson, the well-known horticul- 
turist, has an article on this subject in the 
Floral Cabinet for July, from which we quote, 
as follows: One of the most interesting opera- 
tions in the culture of flowers to the amateur 
is that of being able to propagate or increase 
the stock of a favorite plant from seed or from 
cuttings. It is not so much the saving by be- 
ing himself the producer as it is the satisfaction 
of being able to say that this is of my own rais- 
ing. Such plants are nsuslly more valued than 
the highest-priced plants purcha-aed from the 
florist. Of late years the methods of raising 
plants from seeds and cuttings have been so 
simplified that even the inexperienced amateur 
of to-day is usually more successful than the 
average professional of 20 years ago. The rais- 
ing of plants from seeds can be done nearly as 
well in the window of any ordinary sitting- 
room as in a greenhouse, if the following direc- 
tions be carefully complied with : 

Seeds should bj sown in shallow boxes of a 
depth not to exceed three inches, with open 
seams at the bottom to permit the water to pass 
off rapidly. These boxes should be filled within 
half an inch or so of the top with light, rich 
soil. This is best composed of old rotted man- 
ure and soil that is formed from sods, the object 
being to get a soil that is friable, through which 
the water will filter quickly. This soil should 
be run through a sieve as fine as mosquito wire, 
at least that portion on the top which is to re- 
ceive the seeds. The soil should then be made 
as level in the boxes as it is possible to make 

When the boxes have been prepared in the 
manner described the seeds should then be 
sown quickly and evenly over the surface, and 
pressed down bj' a smooth board into the soil, 
so that the seed, be it large or small, will form 
a level surface with the soil. This being done, 
the same material of soil should be sifted evenly 
over the top, jast enough to cover the seed. 
Again press this layer of soil which has covered 
the seeds gently with the smooth board. 

This method of sowing seeds has been our 
usual practice for over 20 years. A few years 
ago, however, we discovered that it was a great 
help to the seed to have the surface again cov- 
ered with a light material that would hold 
moisture, and for that purpose we have used 
dry moss, which we put through the same 
mosquito- wire sieve ; or leaves from cocoanut 
fibre may be made fine in the same way, and 
will answer the purpose equally well. Both of 
these materials are exceedingly light, and, at 
the same time, are of that spongy nature that 
will hold mcisture; and experience has shown 
that when sifted over the seed-boxes, jast thick 
enough to cover the soil (not more than one- 
sixteenth part of an inch I, they are greatly 
beneficial in the germination of the seed, as 
with such a top-dressing one watering with a 
fine rose watering-pot will keep the soil moist 
enough usually unt'l the seeds come up. It is 
a great mistake to be continually watering 
seeds after they have been sown. The rule in 
all these things is never to water until the sur- 
face indicates that the soil is dry, which will be 
shown by its getting whiter. 

After the seedling plants have come up they 
should be transplanted, or "pricked off," as it 
is technically called, at distances of half an inch 
apart, in a box of soil prepared exactly in the 
same way as that in which they were sown. 
After being pricked off they shoiild be shaded, 
if the sun is out, for a few days until they begin 
to root, after which they ghould be gradually 
exposed to the light. 

Of ccnrse, much depends on what the seeds 
are that have been sown to determine the suit- 
able temperatare, and, in a paper of this kind, 
we cannot enter at length into specific direc- 
tions for the many varieties of plants. For 
plants in general, however, the safe average 
temperature would be 65". If the plants are ot 
a tropical nature the temperature may be 10' 
higher; if of a hardy nature, 10^ lower. 

The conditions required for propagating 
plants by cuttings or slips are very nearly the 
tame, as far as temperature and soil go, as are 

found to give the best results in raising from 
seeds. In fact, it makes but little difference 
what the soil is for rooting cuttings, provided 
it is porous. We have exerimented with nearly 
everything, and find there is little choice, al- 
though it is our practice to use ordinary build- 
ing sand, as it is cleaner to work with than 
anything else, and, when watered, never gets 
muddy, as a heavier soil would do. Bot do not 
suppose for a ifiinute that sand is indispensable 
to the rooting of cuttings, for if the conditions 
of temperature are right, and the condition of 
the cuttings is right, they will root in almost 
any material in which they are placed. The 
temperature required is very similar to that in 
which seeds should be germinated. If of a 
hardy nature, they will do nicely in a tempera- 
ture averaging 60"', but if of a tender or tropical 
nature then the temperature should not average 
less than 75'. For example, you can very 
easily root cuttings of geraniums, roses, ver- 
benas, petunias, carnations, and others of what 
are known as "greenhouse plants" in a tem- 
perature averaging 60' ; but if we attempt to 
root coleus, bouvardias, begonias and other 
plants, whose nature is tropical, at that tem- 
perature, they wOl be almost certain tofaU, and 
success can only be complete at a temperature 
ranging from 70' to SO . Much depends on the 
condition of the cutting. I believe I was the 
first, soTe dozen years ago, when I wrote iny 
book, ' Practical Floriculture," to introduce 
what is known as the snapping condition of the 
cutting, that is, when the shoot of a verbena, 
geranium, fachsia, bergenia, stevia, or plants 
of that character, is bent, if it breaks or snaps 
clean off then it is in the proper condition for 
rooting; if it bends it is not. Not that the bent 
cutting would not root, but that it would take 
longer to root, and would make a feebler plant 
when it did root than one that had the proper 
conditions for the forming of roots. 

Florists use what are called propagating 
benches for rooting cuttings when wanted on a 
large scale, as they usually are by them ; 
but when an amateur, not having greenhouse 
facilities, wishes to root a few slips, tdere is no 
process that we can recommead better than 
what is known as "the saucer system, ' which, 
even at the risk of telling some of your readers 
who already understadd it, I must again repeat, 
as there is no oth^r plan that is so simple and so 
safe. Take any common saucer or plate, into 
which put sand to the depth of an inch or so. 
Prepire the cattiogs in the usual manner aod 
pat them in the sand close enough to touch each 
other. The sand is then to be watered so as to 
bring it into the condition of mud. The saucer 
thus filled with slips may be placed on the 
window-sill and exposed to the sun. The cut- 
tings must be fully exposed to the son and 
never shaded. Kut one condition is absolutely 
essential to success: until the cuttings take root 
the sand must be kept continnally saturated 
with water, and always in the condition of 
mad. To do this the slips mast be watered at 
least once a day with a very fine rose watering- 
pot, and the watering must be done very gently, 
else the cuttings may be washed out. There is 
every certainty that 99\ of the cuttings put in 
will take root, provided they were in the 
proper condition when placed in the saucer, and 
that the temperature has not been lower than 
60* for greenhouse plants, or less than SO' for 
tropical plants. By the saucer system a higher 
degree of temperature may be maintained with- 
out injury than by any other system of propa- 
gation, as the cuttings in reality are placed in 
water, and will not wilt, provided the water is 
not allowed to dry out. Still, the tender slip, 
until rooted, will not endure a long continua- 
tion of very high temperature, and we would 
advise that propagation be done at such seasons 
that they may have as near as possible a uni- 
form temperatare of 75' or 80'. in the sunlight. 
When rooted they should be potted in dry soil, 
such as is recommended for sowing seeds in. 
They should be placed in pots not exceeding 
two and a half inches in diameter and treated 
carefully by shading and watering for two or 
three days. 

The Great Wall of Chlsa. — An American 
engineer who, being engaged in the construc- 
tion of a railway in China, has had unusually 
favorable opportunities of examioing the famous 
Great Wall, baUt to obstruct the incursions of 
the Tartars, gives the following account of this 
wonderful work: The wall is 1,72S miles long, 
IS ft wide, and 15 ft. thick at the top. The 
foundation, throughout, is of solid granite, the 
remainder of compact masonry. At intervals 
of between 200 and 300 yards, towers rise up, 
25 to 30 ft. high, and 2-t ft in diameter. On 
the top of the wall, and on both sides of it, are 
masonrj parapets, to enable the defenders to 
pass unseen from one tower to another. The 
wall itself is carried from point to point in a 
perfectly straight line, across valleys and plains 
and over hills, without the slightest regard to 
the configuration of the ground, sometimes 
plnnging down into abysses a thousand ft deep. 
Brooks and rivers are bridged over by the wall, 
while on both banks of larger streams strong 
flanking towers are placed. 

Meeting of the Viticnltural Commission. 

An adjourned meeting of the Board of State 
Viticnltural Commissioners was called to order 
by President Haraazthy, at 10 o'clock a. m., 
July 10th; there were present; Commissioners 
Da Turk, Kmg, Blowers, Haraszthy, Rose, 
Wetmore, Cnief Esecutive Horticultural Offi- 
cer, Matthew Cooke, and the Secretary, John 
H. Wheeler. 

The following communication from the Horti- 
cultural Commission was read, unanimously ap- 
proved, and the Chief Esecutive Horticultural 
Officer advised to act in accordance therewith, 
the same having been commended by the Horti- 
cultural Board at its last meeting, held Jone 

Refoh'-d, That the Eoard of Stite Horticaltaral Com- 
missioners recommend to the Board of State Viticultoral 
Commisaiorers the adoption of instmctions to the Chief 
Executive Horticoltural and Health offi:«r as follows: 
That in cinsideration of the great and constant dinner 
of the introJuction to this State of the cnrculio or plum 
weevil upon fmit trees from the Eastern States, he shall 
take the necessary measures to strictlv enforce the qa»r- 
aniine rules reluing to this subject, and shall establish 
such places as he shall deem necessarj- for the infpection 
of all trees imported into this State from without its lim- 
its, so that all such trees shall he held in his hands for ex- 
amination and- permit to go to their places of destination; 
and also that in order t-o enable this officer or his properiv 
appointed inspector to perfonn this daty. the railroad and 
other tran9[>ortation companies are hereby requested to 
sid in everv wiy in their power the proper carrying out 
of this resolution. 

The Chief Executive Viticnltural Officer was 
then, by resolution, adopted, endowed with like 
powers and duties relating to the impoiti- 
tion of vines, 

A communication was then read from the 
Fresno Rfpubliran of July Sth, addressed to 
the Beard of Viticnltural Commissioners by 
M. Denicke, Inspector. This communication 
requested the formation of an organization for 
the protection of the pure wines and brandies 
of California, the same to become, or strive to 
become, a national institution, etc., urging that 
snch steps are urgently required to protect our 
viticnltural industry from any further en- 
c'oachments of adulteration, fraud and decep- 

In answer, a resolution was offered by Mr. 
De Turk and adopted, as follows: 

Rii^'h.-:-^ , That this Commission recommend that, in 
all viticaltaral sections of the State, local organizations 
ot wine growers be formed for mutual aid and advice, and 
to effect co-operation in measures of general interest to 
all wine growers through communication with the State 
Cc'rami«8ioner3 for the several districts. 

Rtiob-'id, Also, that the Chief Executive Titicu'tural 
Officer be requested to call a convention of inspectors and 
wine growers, to be heli in San Francisco, to ascertain 
the wants of the many vitiioitural sections of the State, 
and to promote progre^ in viticaltnre and vinicultare, 
an 1 that fae be authorized to make rules aecessary for the 
government of such convention. 

The subject of the Clardy bill was inform- 
ally taken up for discussion, and Commissioner 
Rose, who was not present at the time the resc- 
lotion relating to it was passed by the Board, 
expressed himself fully in sympathy with the 
others on the Commission, with respect to their 
efforts to compel all imitated and compounded 
wines and liquors to be so stamped as to indi- 
cate to the consumer the true character of the 
goods offered for sale ; provided, that the 
amount of the tax was only sufficient to pay 
for the cost of affixing the stamps. The resolu- 
tion of the Board was read to show that there 
was no important difference of opinion in this 
respect, as the Board had declared that it did 
not consider the amoont of the tax of vital im- 

Following the above came the 

Election of Officers, 
Previous, to which, however, it was resolved 
that hereafter the officers of the Board be elected 
annually, and that at the regular meeting of the 
Board, which falls in June. The result of the 
ballot was the re-election of the old officers, as 
follows: President, Arpad Haraszthy; Vice- 
President, Chas. A. Wetmoie; Treasurer, Chas. 
Krug; Secretary, John H. Wheeler; Chief Ex- 
ecutive ^'lticultnral Officer, C. A. Wetmore; 
Chief Executive Horticultural Officer, M. Cooke. 
The elections were made unanimous. 

Inquiry was made as to the result of questions 
propK)nnded to the U. S. Commissioner of In- 
ternal Revenue, asking information relative to 
the tax on imported cherry juice for coloring 
wines, glucose, etc., for adulterating wines and 
grape spirits, for fortifjring sweet wines. The 
committee having received no answer yet, fur- 
ther consideration of the matter was postponed, 
and the meeting adjourned. 

To Clean' Mabblk. — Mix one-quarter of a 
pound of soft soap with the same of pounded 
whiting, 1 ounce of soda, and a piece of stone 
olue the size of a walnut. Boil these together 
for 15 minutes, and then, while hot, rub it over 
the marble with a piece of flannel, and leave it 
rn for 24 hours; then wash it off with clean 
water, and polish the marble with a piece of 
coarse flannel, or, what ia better, a piece of an 
old bat, 

Improving THE Memory. — All the methods 
of improving the memory are based upon the 
principle of attention. Whatever you study or 
observe should be earnestly regarded. The 
mind should not be permitted to wander off to 
side issues. Outside matters generally should 
be ignored for the time being. Memory, of 
course, depends first upon the organization, 
next upon its use of training. 

Boiled Ontoss, to be free of strong odor, 
should be boiled in salted water for 10 minutes, 
and then put in cold fresh water for half an 
hour; after that they should be put into a stew- 
pan with jast enough cold fresh water to cover 
them, and' boiled gently till tender. Drain and 
terve with melted batter, — Sanitarian, 



[July 15, Z882 

Correspondence on Orange principles and work and re 
porlsof transactions of subordinate Granges are respectfully 
solicited lor this department. 

Grange Leaflets.— No. 3. 

[Written for Rural Pkksb by Clara Dbhino.1 
What Shall We Read? 

In our daily reading we find coming under 
observation all kinds of literature, good, bad 
and indifferent. The time we have for reading 
in the busy turmoil of ever-day life is too short 
to be spent on any but the very best; therefore, 
what to select for our own pleasure and that of 
those who look to us for guidance, is a question 
of grave importance, requiring the attention of 
all. Some talking and writing are necessary, 
even if it comes from one who has had but 
little experience, but has used her powers of 

In the iirst place, great care should be taken 
to train the literary tastes of the children in the 
right direction. These tastes are formed very 
early in life, even earlier than most people 
think. As soon as the child begins to read, 
he should be provided with good wholesome 
matter for his entertainment and instruction. 
There are many magazines for little folks, 
printed in large type with easy reading, em- 
bodying many facts worth knowing in simple, 
pleasing anecdotes. The Nursery is one that 
may be mentioned, the Wide Aicake, for those 
a little further advanced, and the Youth's Com- 
panion is a source of information for old and 
young. Children enjiy works upon history, 
botany and natural history, if they are only 
written in language that they can readily un- 
derstand, and if parents will show a little care 
and forethought in making selections, they can 
be instrumental in stimulating a thirst for useful 
reading. But, as a general thing, children are 
supposed to enjoy nothing but fairy stories, and 
consequently these are placed, and wrongly, in 
their hands. These tales of hobgoblins, elves 
and monster giants, give them false ideas that 
are very hard to overcome in after life, and also 
engenders a desire for stories that are exciting; 
nothing seems to satisfy them that does not call 
forth the imaginative powers in their highest 
degree, causing them to devour with avidity 
the bad literature of the day. More of these 
vile books and papers, than parents have any 
idea of, are read by children who have no good 
reading matter given them. 

The number of these unwholesome works is 
astounding, and their effect upon the morals of 
the readers is certainly not good, as the crowded 
conditions of our prisons and houses of correc- 
tion will testify. These books produce an 
eagerness for evil acts and a notoriety which 
must be had, although at the expense of a life 
precious to the nation, and are well aware that 
the letter of the law is a "life for a life.'' But 
they must have fame, if only of an unenviable 
character, and they hope to be freed on the plea 
of insanity. 

This vast hoard of books portraying the evil 
in humanity is soon to be added to by the pub- 
lication of a work upon the life of the highway- 
man, .Jessie .lames. "The wife," as stated by 
a newspaper of recent date, ' 'of tbe notorious 
.Jessie James, with the assistance of Mr. Frank 
Triplett, is preparing a book about her deceased 
husband. It wUl be a complete history of the 
!!£e and tragical death of the highwayman. 
Mrs. James is the only person who has the facts, 
and the history ought to be authentic. She is 
to have a royalty on aU copies sold." Will the 
American people allow tbe biography of such a 
man and the history of such deeds to be circu- 
lated among and read by the youths of our 
land ': If they could take it as a warning against 
and not as an incentive to evil action, it might 
be tolerated, but as it will do much more harm 
than good, it should not bo countenanced 
at all. 

I hope that the day will come when people 
will not dare to write up such lives nor publish- 
ers to publish them. One would think we were 
proud of outlaws, and wished their vile acts to 
be handed down to posterity. It were better 
that such as Jesse James should be thrust into 
oblivion. A woman who is proud of such a 
husbaud has certainly lost her womanhood and 
her right to be man's moral guardian. 

If such books were not in demand they would 
not be printed ; so it goes to show, there is a 
wrong somewhere that should be corrected; and 
the minds of the children cannot be too closely 
guarded against the wiles of the Tempter. Pa- 
rents are more responsible for the proper cloth- 
ing of the minds than of the bodies of their lit- 
tle charges. If mothers and fathers are careless, 
or know no better, the duty rests with the 
teacher and is doubly bard for him. If the 
mind of a child is already steeped in trashy 
literature, it is like a garden overgrown with 
some terrible weed that must be patiently 
eradicated before the good seed can be sown. 

Parents should do all in their power to ad- 
vance their children in the right direction, and 
the children should encourage them by showing 
that they appreciate the efforts made in their 
behalf. This they may do by studying dili- 
gently, being obliging, obedient and trying to 
form their characters for noble men and women. 

Many think when they leave school their 

icitioa is finiabed. where as. even if theirs 

has been a high school or seminary course, only 
a foundation is laid for good work in the future. 
The last year of such a course is often consid- 
ered unnecessary, but it is very essential to a 
boy or girl. It is like the last layer of a foun- 
dation making an even base for a fine structure 
to be built npon. It gives a knowledge of lit- 
erature and science that will be useful in pur- 
suing a course of reading and a thorough un- 
derstanding of the subjects of the day. The 
last years of a course form the tastes of a stu- 
dent for the best in literature; he f nds his 
chief delight in a careful perusal of histories, 
biographies and the standard authors. There 
is no excuse now for people to spend their time 
in reading poor literature, because they cannot 
afford better. Most of the best works are now 
published in cheap editions so that they are 
available to all who may desire to read them. 
The libraries, some of them free, that we find 
in nearly every city and town, contain good 
literature, and some poor; if the general demand 
is for good reading matter the libraries will 
not keep poor. Tbe libraries are doing more 
toward advancing civilization, than any- 
thing else. 

Patrons and farmers should take special pains 
to proWde their families with good reading and 
innocent home amusements, if they would have 
educated and good men and women to take 
their places in the home and Grange. Heading 
clubs and literary societies are an addition to 
a community, for they teach people how to ex 
press themselves in public and circulate the 
opinions of the members, correcting false im- 
pressions and establishing the truth. The 
Grange can do much toward taking the place of 
a literary club, and if each member is willing to 
do his or her part in writing, speaking, debat 
ing, and in music, their^united efforts may 
result in much good to all and make the meet 
ings very pleasant. 

A Trip to the Wheat Lands. 

Mr, Montpellier, Manager of the (Grangers' 
liank, on the occasion of the Fourth of July 
vacation, made a quick trip in the Sacramento 
valley, down the west side of the river, starting 
from Woodland with teams. He noticed rich 
lands and excellent crops along the river. 
Thence he went westward, toward the foothills, 
to Black's Station and Dunnegan; thence to 
(irand island, in Colusa county, among the 
tules, a charming place, especially when one 
gets lost in them. Then from Grand island 
westward to Arbuckle, then westward toward 
the foothills ; thence to Williams, and from 
Williams to Maxwell, and then from Maxwell 
towards the foothills on the J. H. Glide and T. 
W. Campbell places, driving among their wheat 
fields all the time; then along the foothills to 
A. 1>. Ligan's place and the northern part of 
Colusa county. Mr. Montpellier reports the 
crops towards the foothills very fair, especially 
on Glide's place. In the center of the county 
they are very poor, while along the foothills 
they are good. Colusa has much wheat which 
looks badly, but, on the other hand, there is an 
immense amount of snmmer-fallow land, ready 
to receive seed next fall, and all in all, Colusa 
county will come out with considerable wheat 
yet. Yolo county will have a pretty fair aver- 
age crop. Towaid the foothills and Cache 
creek, and from the foothills down to Winters, 
there is some very good grain. 

This trip has been made by team from farm 
to farm, and the reports are that the yield is 
better than was at one time anticipated. 

Tbe Grangers' Bank. 

Albert Montpellier, Cashier and Manager of 

the Grangers' bank, has j ust issued a circular con - 

cerning the work of the bank, from which we 

quote as follows : 

Fur tb<! pa^t five years this ban"- ha? made it a sptclality 
to advance nionej t" fanners on their wbtiat stored In uare 
houfies at lioiue. Wi-willbe pleaseil to loan a^auxtn sain-* 
St-curity. Ibis year, witli plain note at current low ratt; ol in- 
tert'st. wltlioul coHiiKiundiug The business uf th<- llrau- 
gera* bank U growing veryVapidly. and the institntiun is gain- 
ing ponilavity throughout tbe State every year It has stiniti- 
]atj:d the system? of loans on uheat stored in wartfbouties in 
tlif country; it bus also contri'Mited largely in reducing tbe 
rate of interest on suf h loans, and tbe bank niay tie propel ly 
called tile farmers" friend. ^^ e bop.- that our large nuin1"_'r 
of stockholders and farmers generally, will standby an in 
stitution dealings are recognised to be honorable and 
upri^-bt, and wiiose earnest aim has always been, and actually 
is, for the welfare of tbe farming community. 

"Bkeeher ani> Sportsman." — Our contrib^ 
utor, Joseph Cairn Simpson, is the editor of anew 
and handsome weekly entitled the Brtcder and 
iSporUman, published in San Francisco. The 
new journal aims to elevate the literature of the 
turf and other sports far above the plane upon 
which it has moved on this coast, and to present 
matters relating to live stock. Mr. Simpson is 
a very well-informed and acceptable writer, and 
he has associates who understand all the intrica- 
cies of outdoor sports. The new paper has our 
best wishes for success in its peculiar field. 

Kgo Food. — The Superior Court of San 
Francisco, on Friday, Jaly 7tb, issued an in- 
junction restraining B. F. Wellington, of this 
city, from manufacturing or selling his so- 
called "Improved Kgg Food," the court consid- 
ering the same to be an infringement upon the 
rrell-knowB "Imperial Egg Food," 



The Fair. — Chico Ckroaick: The Directors 
of the Third District Agricultural Association 
have issued a neat speed programme for the 
races to come off at the next fair, commencing 
Tuesday, Sept. .5. 1882, and lasting five days 
There will bo 1 1 races, 7 running and 1 trot 
ting. The closing will be something worth 
seeing, as it will be a running race free for all 
mules owned in the district. l)Mh of one and 
a half miles for a purse of $100. All entries 
for the above races must be closed with the 
Secretary at Chico, July '..'2, 1882, at 11 o'clock 

I'. M. 


A Sl.ANPKR IlBKCTEi). — The editor of the Pa 
( IF RnRAi Pre-ss has given publicity to a series 
of false statements and misrepresentations in 
his paper of the 3d instant, from the pen of G 
T. 'Thissell. In speaking of our valley he says, 
"che lands are rich and low, and a fine place for 
hog?. '' I admit and thank the slanderer for tbe 
only truth he has given, that our land is rich. 
Mr. Thissell says, "fruit does well, but little 
or no attention is paid to its cultivation." In 
this he perpetrates an absolute falsehood and 
knowing at the time he wrote it that it was 
false, and I will here say there is not in the 
county or State a better orchard of fruit than 
mine and this visitor to our county knew it, if 
he knew anything about what is considered 
proper care and attention to fruit, and every 
farmer in the valley is giving this matter his 
attention. This gentleman says, "there is one 
thing we have noticed all along the road; at 
every house there is from five to ten children, 
tbe reason for this is, it is a sheep county; the 
children herd them throui^h the day and the 
dogs guard them at night, " whereas no family 
in the valley has to exceed four children, and 
none in the valley had half as many dogs as he 
had with him. Besides there are compara- 
tively but a few sheep in the valley, and thdy 
r'<|uire no herding at night and never did. 
Hear what this scribbler says about Liwer 
Like: "Not one pound of bacon, cheese or po- 
tatoes to be had. Land, second grade; farms in 
a dilapidated condition; that the people are ten 
years behind the times," etc. Such barefaced 
and contemptible misrepresentations merit, as 
they receive from more than ten thousand vis- 
itors to our county every year, the un((aalified 
condemnation and contempt such false state- 
inents deserve. The whole article to which we 
have reference is a tissue of falsehoods and mis- 
representation, not only as regards our county 
but of every place mentioned in his quite 
lengthy communication, and that it was written 
from fancy, and not from facts, is patent to ev- 
erybody who ever visited our county or has 
read his article. Mr. Thissell will receive a 
cordial welcome if he will call on us when he 
vidits our county again. Will the 1!i kai. Pke.s.s 
please copy. — A. F. Mokrei.l, in Lower Lake 

Editor.s Pkes.s: — I am sorry to say that I find 
an article in the L)wer Li'i^e Bulletin, written 
by A. F. Morrell, in which ht> gives me "Hail 
Columbia ''in refe;'ence to the article, " FVom 
the A'alley to the Coast." I shall send you a 
copy; if you consider it worth while to notice 
it, you can do so. However, I will give you 
the facts of the case: We camped at his ranch. 
He had a nice pair of horses, which he sold to 
me for He said they were true to poll 

and gentle. I found them wilder than reindeer, 
and one of them would not pull a pound. I 
made him take them back, bat 1 lost a good 
deal of time, spent several dollars, and had lo 
travel about 1(30 miles, so you can easily see the 
cause of his spite against me. 1 wrote nothing 
but the truth, as I saw it. — G. W. Thissell, 
\\ inter8, Cal. 

TiieWueat Cri)F.— Valley Argu% Jaly 8: 
Harvest operations are progressing favorably, 
and the reports from all quarters of the county 
are that the quality of the wheat is excel- 
lent, and the yield better than was expected be- 
fore the harvest began. The straw is generally 
short, but the heads are well filled, and are 
plump and heavy. On Dry creek, north of the 
Merced river, the crop is cxceptionably good, 
as is also the case along the foothills sm far west 
as Mustang Flat; and on the sand, both north 
and south of the river, farmers report the yield 
nearly equal per acre to that of the good crop 
of two years ago. On the heavy lands of Bear 
and Mariposa creeks, there are a few farms upon 
which the yield is nearly an average per acre 
for good seasons, though the acreage is light, 
otring to the fact that a large proportion of the 
land in cultivation last year was plowed this 
spring for summer fallow, and another large por- 
tion — the winter-sown— was killed by the dry 
and frosty weather during the winter season, 
the moisture that fell early being just sufficient 
to cause the seed to rot in the ground. Oa the 
westerly side of the San Joaquin river there is 
a total failure upon lands lying above the canal, 
while much of the area of the irrigated land is 
given up toalfalfa culture, leavingcomparatively 
a small strip of that broad belt of the valley for 
the production of wheat, though the yield upon 
the irrigated lands is good. South of this town, 
for many miles, nearly all the land was plowed 
last spring, and will be in excellent condition 
for seeding next fall. The winter-plowed fields 
will be in good condition for a crop next ««»• 

son, also, and we may look for a large acreage 
to be sown in wheat for the season of 1 883. A 
shrewd observer of farming matters here, gives 
it as his opinion that the wheat of the county 
warehoused this season will amount to from S,- 
000 to 12,000 tons. 

Hoi-s, — f/t/a/i Press, July 7th: The Hop 
(irowers held an election of officers on 
Saturday, as follows: President, L. F. Ling; 
A ice President, W. D White; Secretary, J. B, 
McClure; Treasurer, Wm. Ford; Trustees, L. 
M. Kuddick, J. M. Luce, T. J. Fine and N. 
Bartlett. The hop outlook remains most llat- 
tering. The promise is that the hop harvest 
will open 10 days earlier than usual, and the 
yield will be better than last year. The out- 
look for prices is also improving. Katern fig- 
ures are 40 cents for choice, with a fair demand 
and no surplus. Local buyers have offered 25 
cents. One grower refuses to take 30 cents for 
a large field. 

Wool. — B. Mark's warehouse, on Main 
street, is the headquarters of wool activity. 
About 800 bales are stored there. The ^Vool 
Association has its headquarters there, and the 
operations of grading and baling are in pro- 
gress. The press is similar to a hay press, the 
follower falling and bringing pressure fiom 
above. It is worked by horse power, and four 
men are occupied in working it. When the 
workmen become expert it is expectad that 
about lU tons of wool can be baled daily, the 
bales running close to 6U0 11)3. weight. Two 
loads of baled wool, of Angle's clip, were start- 
ed for Cloverdale Thursday. Mr. Angle expects 
to ship, and unless prices improve, we bear of 
others who will do so. 


Hav. — HoUister Democrat, July 7 : This 
season's hay crop is being rapidly hauled in, a 
grtat many of the farmers taking it right from 
the prejs to the warehouse. The hay is of a 
finer grale, being far in advance of the usual 
quality. The comparative dryness of the sea- 
son has prevented the growth of weeds, to a 
great extent, leaving the hay almost entirely 
clean. Tne same cause has prevented a rank 
growth of straw, to a great extent, and even in 
cases where the straw is large, it is pronounced 
sweet and juicy, so much so that horses and 
cittle eat it with a relish. While the yield per 
acre has been below the average, the acreage 
has been much larger than previous years, go 
that our hay crop will be about as large as usual. 
On account of the fineness of the straw a 
bale contains an unusual amount of beads, 
which makes it weigh more than usual. The 
price seems to be steady at $10 per ton, de- 


Crowdek Canneries, — Inder, July 8: The 
last three or four days of extreme heat have 
had a ripening effect npon fruits, in consequence 
of which the canneries at Colton and Rivers de 
are overrun. At Riverside the cannery had 
contracted for large amounts, and the fruit 
ripening, it came in so rapidly that they were 
unable to receive it, and a great deal was 


The CRor,'< — Farmers' Journal: J, B, Cald- 
well and W, B, Garner have commenced hanl- 
ing wheat to the Grange Company's warehouse. 
The grain of the latter gentleman is from sum- 
mer-fallow, and is yielding about 10 bushels to 
the acre. S. H, Miy is also hauling to the 
Farmers' warehouse. F. Spenker has thrashed 
grain yielding about 26 bushels to the acre. C- 
P. Garner has thrashed some summer-fallow 
which gives about 30 bushels to the acre, which 
is of a very fine quality. T. S. I! le commences 
to-day lo cut his winter-sown wheat, which it 
is estimated will go 20 bushels to the acre. He 
has some grain sown on bottom land which is 
expected to yield as high as 00 bushels to the 

LoLii Harvest, — Revieu:, June 29: The grain 
harvest has commenced in good earnest in this 
valley. The yield is turning out much better 
than was expected. Headers have been kept 
busy in barley fields, but the wheat is ripening 
80 fast that the work of heading wheat will 
also begin. Several thrashing machines have 
began operations. Messrs. Taylor A Conwell 
began work last week. They run two headers 
and carry direct to tbe thrasher, thus saving 
the extra work of stacking. Joe Mead and 
Dill Brothers, of the I'oland house, and Cheser- 
ing, of Lodi, began work yesterday. John 
Kerr, of Lockeford, and John Harris, of Dexter, 
will begin Wednesday. R. Daniels, of Elliott, 
will begin the last of this week, and John Kerr 
will send out his big thrasher the 7ch of July. 
.VII these thrashers were in the field last, 
and gave satisfaction. 
SAN mAbO. 

Crops. — Cor. Journal, July 6: Oar crops are 
better than for many years past. The foothill 
crops are better than ever before. We cannot 
help but think, however, that cultivating the 
hills, in the long run, will be a sad failure, and 
our rich grass-producing ranges will be ruined. 
Our valley fields are turning a golden color, 
where the grain is not already ripe, and we can 
show some of the finest wheat, barley and oat 
fields in the State. We h»ve a field of each 
barley and wheat, betweeu Spanishtown and 
the bay, that will make an enormous yield. 
Tbe grain is free from trash, and stands as high 
as the fence; it is as even and level as if sheared, 
and the bay breeze makes it wave like the 
ocean, with a beautiful sunset tint. These two 
fields are cultivated by Portuguese, and, when 

July 15, x884.] 



thrashed, we will give the figures. In the rioh= 
est fields, where the heavy grain is lodging, the 
heads are ripening, and the kernels will mature 
without much loss. The weather this summer 
has been very favorable to heavy grain, as it 
prevented smut and rust; but the gavels will 
resemble the beautiful tangled locks of an un- 
kempt squaw. The barley and oat fields are 
better, if anything, than the wheat fields, and 
pay better. 


Bald Barley. — Santa Maria T'nntu: Messrs. 
Stanley & McKee, who are farming about 15 
miles northeast of this place, on the Alamo 
creek, has sent to this office what appears to be 
a distinct and new variety of barley. It was 
found growing wild in the mountains on the 
above creek about three years ago, and, by 
propagation they obtained seed enough to raise 
one acre of the grain this year. The formation 
of the head and grain is about the same as 
other barley, with the exception that it is beard- 
less. On the end of each grain there grows a 
peg-shaped husk, giving it a double -grain ap- 
pearance. It is remarkably plump, and has 
the appearance of being much superior to any 
known variety. Besides the acre mentioned, a 
barley crop is growing, and is almost ripe 
enougb to cut, while the new variety is green 
and still growing, although planted at the same 

HoNET. — Independent, July 8: The honey 
crop in this section of the country is going to 
be exceedingly small this season. Flowers and 
plants seem to have been plenty, but the early 
part of the year was cold and wef, and for this 
reason the bees failed to work as usual. 


A Nkw Canneey. — Santa Clara Messenger, 
July 5 : The building of a cannery in Santa 
Clara is a subject that has be^n written on and 
talked about for several years, and now, with- 
out any blow or stir, one has come to us. Messrs. 
Violicevich & Draghicevich, who purchased the 
Redmond property a few weeks since, and are 
now building a wine cellar, have also remodeled 
the old adobe on the south side of the place, 
and added to it a large frame structure, two 
stories high. The piazzas surrounding have 
been latticed in, and the whole building put in 
shape to handle fruit in a coyenient manner. 
The firm are now prepared to buy, pack and 
sell green fruit for market. They will also dry 
largely this year, and we understand that, as 
soon as they get their present business well 
under way, they will add the proper machinery 
for canning fruit. 


Another Cannery. — We are informed that 
a number of the fruit-growers of Vaca and 
Pleasant valleys have formed a joint stock 
company for the purpose of putting up the nec- 
essary buildings at Vacaville for a fruit canning 
and drying establishment. Enough stock has 
been subscribed to insure the success of the en- 
terprise, and work will be commenced within a 
short time. The buildings will be finished and 
the requisite machinery put in in time for the 
next season's crop. 

Vaca Valley. — Solano Republican: During 
a visit to Vacaville last week we met Mr. W. 
B, Parker, who bought the Wilson tract, and 
learned from him that he was going to set out 
100 acres to trees and 20 acres in vines this sea- 
son. Nr. Tom. Wilson intends to set out 170 
acres to trees this fall. There are many others 
who are adding to their already large orchards, 
and making new ones, and as the business of 
fruit-growing in that valley is not known to be 
a success, we predict that it will be but a short 
time before the whole vale will be one yast or- 
chard. The cannery is doing a rushing busi- 
ness, shipping on an average one carload a day. 
About 100 men are employed, and between 
$700 and .f 800 are paid out every week in wages 
alone. Our first stop above \ acaville was at 
Mr. W. W. Smith's place. This gentleman was 
away from home, but , we learned from Mrs. 
Smith, who, by the way is a very pleas, 
ant and interesting lady, that they had on 
their ranch about 4,000 cherry trees, 2,000 of 
which are now bearing, and that they have al- 
together in the neighborhood of 15,000 trees, a 
large number of which are apricot. Mr Smith 
is shipping his apricots to a San Jose cannery. 
Mr. G. W. Gibbs we found in good spirits, and 
well he might be, as his crop of apricots and to- 
matoes is certainly a fine one. Mr. O. Garlisch, 
next above Mr. Gibbs", has about 3,500 trees, 
most of which are heavily loaded with fruit. He 
also has about 9,000 grape vines, which are in a 
healthy condition, not having suffered any from 
the phylloxera. Mr. H. Schroeder we found 
well and happy,but very busy. At V. Vermil- 
ion's place, we visited the oldest apricot orchard 
in the valley, it having been set out in 1876. 


SEBA.SToroL. — Editor.s In this part 
of the county there will be an abundant yield 
of fruit. Apple trees are loaded and the peach 
crop promises well, although I do not know 
how it compares with former years, having 
been a resident of this section not quiet a year. 
The best cherries sold at Santa Rosa are from 
Sebastopol and vicinity. The grape prospects 
are excellent, and that dreaded pest, the phyl- 
loxera, does not exist here and never will, for 
the nature of the soil of Analy township will 
not permit of its ravages, being of a sandy and 
gravelly character, underlaid by a red clay sub- 
soil, and consequently retentive of moisture, 
which makes it one of the best soils in the 
St»te for all kinds of froit. On Mr. Talmadge's 

ranch, adjoining our place, are a large number 
of fruit trees and grapevines of various kinds, 
of which the Zmfindel is the principal variety. 
He has also a magnificent hop yard, situated on 
the bottom lands along the laguna, which is a 
deep, rich, black, alluvial deposit. Mr. Otis 
Allen has also a splendid hop yard along the 
laguna. In a few years this whole section will 
be one vast orchard and vineyard. There is so 
much fruit here at present, that Sebastopol 
would be a very good place for some one to 
start a fruit canning estublishment. — 0. F. 
Shaw, M. D., Sebastopol, Sonoma county, Cal. 

Wheat Yields.— Santa]!osa7i'e/M/6?«'0'.M, July 
6: There will be larger individual yields from 
fields of wheat, in some instances, in Sonoma 
county, than for many years. The cause is at- 
tributed to the light rainfall of the season and 
its favorable effect on low-lying heavy soils 
seeded to wheat. Several crops, in advance of 
the harvest, are set down as promising from .50 
to 60 bushels an acre. Such well known judges 
as John Laughlin and W. H, Rector set the T. 
L. Harris crop at not less than 55 bushels. 


Harvest Notes. Sutter Farmer, July 7: R. 
C. Berry, of southwest Sutter, was in town on 
Wednesday of last week, and reports that they 
are in the midst of their harvest in that section 
and that they are going to have a good crop. 
His barley will yield from 30 to 35 bushels per 
acre. J. M. Gladden, of Meridian, says that 
they are in the midst of the harvest in No. 70, 
and that the yield is excellent. Conrad Scheu- 
ler is thrashing barley, and farmers in that sec- 
tion are heading wheat and barley. At the 
Buttes, E. J. Howard says that the whistles 
of thrashers is heard on every hand. Mr. Heir 
and Heniy Rackelbush have thrashed both 
wheat and barley while Miller & Sewer have 
thrashed their barley. Mr. Howard has finished 
heading. George Harter commenced thrashing 
wheat on Wednesday. T. J. Mulvaney says 
there are seven steam thrashers in and about 
Nicolaus, and thrashing, both wheat and bar- 
ley, have commenced. The yield, as far as we 
have heard from all sections, comes fully up, if 
it does not exceed expectations. John Schwall, 
near the mouth of Coon creek, last year, 
built a levee so as to have protection 
for about 500 acres of land, put in his crop, 
and it is estimated that he will harvest from 
13,000 to 15,000 bushels therefrom. His pluck 
entitles him to the reward. Wednesday morn- 
ing, July 5ch, the Farmers' Union received the 
first new wheat on store. It was sent in by 
Mrs. Mary Weber, which was a few minutes in 
advance of J. S. Haynes. The former, three 
miles west of town, and the latter seven. The 
wheat is of the variety known as Pride of Butte; 
the Weber lot was thrashed by S. R. Fortna, re- 
cleaned by his cleaner, which he attaches to his 
separator at the will of the farmer. The 
sample is a large, full berry, and perfectly 
cleaned, and will grade as extra milling, if not 
"gilt-ed^el." Mr. Haynes' wheat grew on 
adobe soil, was injured some by the hot north 
winds, and is a little shrunken. 

News in Brief. 

There have been three fatalities from yellow 
fever lately among the Panama canal employees, 
and seven soldiers have died of the disease at 

Rei'Obt.s from various sections of V^irginia 
represent that not more than half the tobacco 
crop is planted. Indications are that the crop 
will be late. 

It is estimated that 200,000 sheep in New 
Mexico have been sold to Texas men this year 
and driven to that State, and .30,000 wethers 
have been sold to Nebraska men. 

DuRiNf! the fiscal year ending June 30th, 
there were used by the distillers of Peoria, Illi- 
nois, 4,831,568 bushels of grain, producing 
18,563,156 proof gallons of spirits. 

Stanley continues to explore the Congo. It 
is said his report to the King of the Belgians 
will be so favorable that the Congo will be the 
chief conductor of trade into the center of Africa. 

The question of abrogating the treaty of 
reciprocity with the Sandwich Islands, which 
the Louisiana sugar interest has tried to have 
abrogated, has been laid over until the next ses- 

Mexk'AN advices say that tbe black smaU- 
pox is raging with great violence at Mazitlan, 
and that Hermosillo and (iruyamas are qnar- 
tining against it. There have been .50 deaths at 

Theke will be required in the building of the 
North Pacific's coal bunkers at Tacoma, W. T., 
more than a million feet of first-class sawed 
lumber, and the whole cost will be from .'$7.5,000 
to .1100,000. 

It is stated on good authority that Governor 
Stanford intends to put the Alameda county 
warm springs property in complete repair and 
to improve it in every way, including the erec- 
tion of a magnificent hotel. 

The Prince of Wales and the Duke of Cam- 
bridge will subscribe toward a fund for sending 
a rifle team to America. The total subscriptions 
now amount to £512. There will be a final ex- 
haustive test for the selection of the team 

The walls of the foundry for the Judson Man- 
ufacturing Company, Oakland, are nearly up to 
the required hight, and work on the wood work 
of the other buildings will begin this week. 
Property is advancing in price in the neighbor- 
hood of tbe factory. 

List of U. S. Patents for Pacific Coast 

From the offlcial list of U. S. Patents In DEwiiYi Co.'s 
Scientific Press Patent Agency, 252 Market St., 8. F. 

FiiR THE Wekk Endixo Jt'NE 27, 1882. 

2(10,1(18— C'LKAsmu Cloths and otukr Faurkh Mrs. 
E. I. Couch, S. F. 

2(10,090— Device for opbratixo Steam Engine Gov- 
KR.NORS— Wm. M. Ferry, Park City, U. T. 

•.•«0,024— Boot or SHOK—Henry C. Holbrook, S. F. 

2iiO,02(;~Ad.ii'htarlf, Stkam Ci t-ovf Valve— W. D. 
Hooker, Oakland, Cal. 

2(10,200 -Apcaratus kor Removinr .Sandrars ik Riv- 
ers, ET<:.~.John H. Huffer, .Jacksonville, Oregon. 

200,217- Basin-bir- E. O. McGlaurtin, San Jose, Cal. 

Note.— Copies of U. S. and Foreign Patents furnished 
by Dbwby & Co. in the shortest time possible (by tele- 
graph or otherwise) at the lowest rates. All patent busi- 
ness for Pacific coast Inventors transacted with perfect 
security and in the shortest possible time. 

A Rural Commemoration. 

One of those pleasant impromptu celebrations, such as 
occur naturally in the rural districts without much effort 
on the part of any one in particular, occurred at Anderson's 
Springs, on the Fourth. Ex-Supervisor Fay acteil as 
President; Father .loseph Gallagher, Chaplain; Captain 
A. C. Freese, Orator; Dr. Roche, Poet; Miss Sarah 
O'Donneli lead the audience in singing "America;" Miss 
Louisa Freese read the "Declaration of Independence " ad- 
mirably; Miss Beckie O'Donneli gave a popular recitation. 
Among other sentiments offered was the following, ap 
propriate to the place of celebration: 


The grandest health and pleasure ground of California. 
Its hills are the sublimest; its forest "plumage" the hand- 
somest; its crystal lakes and brooks the purest; its atmos- 
phere the clearest; its skies the fairest and bluest; its 
starry firmament the most prolitic and brilliant; and its 
patriotic sons and daughters the sturdiest pioneers of all 
our glorious Yankee nation. 

A large number of the guests of the Springs, with 
neighboring citizens, were present, and it was generally 
conceded that all duties were well performed. Dr. A, 
.Vnderson photographed the procession and the audience 
as assembled. Many enjoyed the afternoon in strutting 
about the Springs and the fine natural park in the heart 
of which they are located. A lively country dance closed 
at 12 F. M., the rare pleasures of the occasion. 

Zimmerman Fruit Drier Testimonial. 

San Francisco, Sept. 5, 1881. 
Editor.s Rural Press: — I bought, a few 
weeks since, of Messrs. Linforth, Rice & Co., of 
San Francisco, a Zimmerman Fruit and Veget- 
able Driei', No. 3. I tested its merits immedi- 
ately at my French Prune Orchard, near St. 
Helena, Napa Co. Its work was completely 
satisfactory in every respect. I am acquainted 
with some dozen fruit driers in the State, and 
I have not seen one whose merits equal the 
Zimmerman. Many of the fruit driers require 
from 40 to 48 hours for drying prunes, at a tem- 
perature of 150 degrees. I dried the French 
prunes in 12 hours. A sample of these prunes 
may be seen on exhibition at the Mechanics' 

The success was equally satisfactory with ap- 
ples, pears and smaller fruits. The construction 
of the drier is such that I found an unexpected 
economy in the use of fuel. 

Its operation is so simple, that in a single day 
I taught a man who had no experience in fruit 
drying, to use it with entire success. 

I tested the drier as a bleacher also, and 
merchants unite in saying that they had never 
seen such improvement in color on almonds, ap- 
ples and other fruits. 

C. W. Hewes, OS.*} Valencia St. 

Volut^teer Testimonials from Those Who 
Hiive Used Booth's Exterminator. 

Cambria, Cai,., August ,5, 1870, 
A. K. BdOTH, Dear Sir: — The case of your 
Squirrel Poison you sent has given entire satis- 
faction. Our customers prefer it to any other. 
Will order more soon as this is sold, 

Grant, Ltrr.L & Co. 

San Luls Owsro, Cai.. 
A. R. Boo TH, Dear Sir: — We have tried your 
.Squirrel Poison and find it the best and cheap- 
est of any that we have ever used, and recom- 
mend it to all who wish to get rid of the rodent. 
Steele Bros, Coral de Piedra. 
Jas. H. Bi .vckiu'rn, Paso de Robles. 
P. McArdell, Los Osps. 
N. Npckols, Old Creek. 

and many others. 

Fruit at ire Mechanics' Fair. -The Rec- 
ord- (Jnion started a report to the effect that the 
State Horticultural Society would make an ex- 
hibit of fruit at the Mechanics' fair next month. 
This report has been copied into several other 
newspapers. The statement is incorrect. The 
Mechanics' fair will have a .fruit display, and 
we trust an excellent one. No doubt some 
members of the Horticultural Society will con- 
tribute as individuals, but the society, as such, 
will have nothing whatever to do with the ex- 
hibit this year. It will be under the direct 
charge of the managers of the fair. 

"Old Hkd," alias Wm. Bartree, died in his 
cabin, alone, on Clover creek. Baker county, 
Oregon, lately. Deceased was I'i years old, and 
was a noted character. He was a guide to Fre- 
mr nt, and claimed to be the tirst man who hoisted 
the American Hag on the Pacitic coast. 

Cheap Stock Ranok —Our advertising col- 
umns this week show cattle and sheep men 
where it is claimed that good land can be 
bought nearly as low as the rental of such land 
costs in many parts of California. 

Note— Our quotations are for Wednesday, not Saturday 
tbe date whioh the paper bears. 

Weekly Market Review. 


San Francisco, Weilnesday, July U, 1882. 
The weight of the interest has attached itself to Wheat 
which is strong and advancing. The market is character- 
ized by an eagerness to buy and a corresponding disin- 
clination to sell. The result is an advance of about 6c 
V ctl. 

The latest from abroad is the following: 

LivERPOOli, July U. California Wheat Improving, at 
lOs IdialOa id. Cargoes are higher, at Bis for off 
coast, I8S (id for .just shipped, and i\n Hi for nearly due. 
The enhanceil views of sellers prevent business. The 
tendency Is upward. The weather in Kngland is wet and 
unfavorable for crops. Continental crops are generally 
reported suffering. The Eastern political crisis is an ad- 
ditional stimulant to the market. Arrivals of Wheat are 
small. Receipts of Wheat the past three days, I'lS.OOO 
aent«ls, including 10:!, 000 American. 

The Foreism Review. 

Lo.vuON, July 10. The Mark l.niir Exjrress, in its re- 
view of the British grain trade for the past week, says; 
The unsettled and rainy weather of the past week has 
further endangered the Wheat harvest. English Wheat 
Is now very scarce, and values have advanced fully a shil- 
ling. Foreign Wueat has tangibly improved on account 
o( the increasing uncertainty of the harvest. There was 
a better trade on Friday, and prices were from 6d to Is 
higher. The off coast market was firm, and prices about 
lid higher. There were '22 arrivals and 12 sales. More 
business in forward trade was doing. The floating bulk 
increased 2.'i,000 i|aartors. Flour was fid dearer, and for- 
eign similarly improved, being In small supply. Foreign 
Barley maintained full prices, Oats were firm, and Maize 
improved 3d to (Id since Monday, and on Friday was held 
for Is advance. Sales of English Wheat during the week 
were 1 t.lfll quarters, at 47a 7d per nuarter, against 16,141 
((Uarters, at lUj 8d per quarter, lor the corresponding 
week of last year. 

Freiffhts and Charters. 

The following is a summary of the engaged and disen- 
gaged Wheat tonnage in port and to arrive, according to 
the latest ad\ ices: 

In port. 1882. 1881. 

Engaged, tons 31,500 40,800 

Disengaged, tons .'!8,8fl0 40O 

To arrive, tons 284,400 352,200 

Total 354,700 393,400 

Decrease for 18S2 38,700 

The amount of tonnage un'ler engagement yesterday to 
load Wheat was 29,800 tons, against 85,800 tons for the 
corresponding date last year, showing a decrease of 6,000 
tons. There were 23 vessels under engagement yesterday 
morning at this port to load Wheat. The engaged and 
disengaged tonnage In port ha.s a Wheat -carrying capacity 
for 105,400 short tons, against a capacity for 61,300 tons 
on the corresponding date last year, being an increase of 
44,100 tons. The latest Wheat charters reported are the 
British ship Carnarmnshire, 1,336 tons, Liverpool direct, 
^■2 lOj, and ship lience, 1,924 tons, Liverpool direct, 
L2 Us 3d. 

Eiastern Wool Markets. 

Boston, July llth. — There continues to be qtiite a mar- 
ket for wool, and articles move slowly here an-i in the in- 
terior markets. Ohio and Pennsylvania fleece have been 
Belling at 40u( 12 for \ and XX, with choice selections a. 
shade higher. Michigan and Wisconsin X ig sought at 
38(^^'40. Unwashed fleeces have been in steady dcniar.'l, 
and the prices range from 25c to 3:!c for fine aticl medium, 
and 17c to 23c for low and coarse. Combing and delaine 
selections are wanted at from 43c to 4Sc. Coarse comb- 
ing (lull and success nominal. California wool is very 
quiet, most of the stock being held above the views of 
tinycrs. Pulled wools remain quite steady, with mica of 
choice Eastern and Maine suf.e s at 45(^.50, and common 
and good supers at 25k' 4:'.. Foreign wool is quiet. Tiic 
sales were confined to a few small lots of carpet, of no 
special importance. 

BAGS— On the Produce Exchange call, for Calcutta, 
buyer .luly, $9 :55 was bid, .*9.40 asked. On the afternoon 
call sales were: -7,500 Oakland, spot, I.S.65; 30,000 fialcutta, 
•luly, $(>.2ft Sale on the (irain Exchange of 10,000 spot, 
Dundee, $!>. For .luly, S9. 10 was bid, Jfl. 20 asked, and 
for Cafcutl a, July, *n.lO was bid, $0.25 asked. 

BARLEY — Feed IJarley is more In request. Sales on 
the Produce Exchange call, 7M tons, as follows: 50, No. 
1 Feed, spot, ¥1.221; 100, July, ■ft. 20; 200, August, *1.19; 
100, 20(t, .f 1.18J; 100, September, Sl.19. Bids and 

offers were: No, A Feed, October, $1 21 bid, $1.22 asked; 
December, .1fl.24 hid; No. 2 Feed, spot, id. 19,1 bid, 81.191 
asked ; August, $1 15,1 bld,.fl.l5^ asked; September, ^1.16.1 
asked; October, $1 l(i bid; asked; November, ^1.18 
bid; December, $1. 1 Si bid, SI. 20 asked; January, SS1.18J 
bid; No. 1 Chevalier, July, Jl .45 bid, .1*1 .CO asked; August, 
SI. 40 bid, ifl.57.1 asked; September, si tobld, *l..55 asked; 
October, $!.:>:> asked; No. 2 Chevalier, August, 4II.42A 
asked; No. 3, July, .j;l.26 .asked. 

BRANS Bayo, Pink, and Red Beans are slightly ad- 
\ anccd . 

CORN— Corn has weakened and there is little demand. 
HIds and offers were: No. 1 Yellow, spot, Sfl.M bid, 81.70 
asked; September, $l.7ik bid, $1.79 asked; No. 2 Yellow, 
Octolier, $1 35 asked; Nebraska, spot, $l.(;'.l asked; No. 2 
January. ?1 27 bid; seller 1XH2, 81.31 bid, :91.32! asked. 

DlIRN PRODUCE— Butter is doing better this week, 
the best bringing 31c per tb. Chcase has advanced also 
about Ic per lb. 

EGGS - In demaiul and 2,1c higher. 
FEED— Bran has advanced. Corn-meal has declined 

FRUir C. V. Talmadge sent in the first Sacramento 
River Crawford Peaches of the season Tuesday, and they 
sold at #1 75 per basket. Fi ult Is now plenty and selUnK 
well. Rates are quite well maintained, as a rule. 

HOI'S — The rate is now 3Bc for the best California 

OATS — Oats are quiet, and no sales reported. Bids and 
offers were: No. 1, July, *1.56i bid, il Jisi asked; Septem» 
her, 81.40 bid; No. 2, October, 81.35 bid, 81.^I asked; 
seller 1882, $1.35i bid, 81-iB asked; No. 1, seller 1882, 
81.40 bid, 81.41 asked. 


38 THE PACIFIC BtllAL PEESS. [July 15, 1882 

We Can Make Home Happy. 

Though we may not change the cottage 

For a manaioD tall and grand. 
Or exchange the little graf s plot 

For a boundlesB stretch of land- 
Yet there's something brighter, dearer. 
Thau the wealth we'd thus commauil. 

Though we have not means to purchase 
Costly pictures, rich and rare — 

Though we have not silken hangings 
For the walls, so cold and bare— 

We can hang them o'er with garlands, 
For flowers bloom everywhere. 

We can always make home cheerful, 
If the right course we begin; 

We can make ilo inmates happy, 
And their truef t blessings win. 

It will make the small room brighter 
J{ we let the sunshine in. 

We can gather round the fireside 
Wht n the evening hours are long; 

We can blend our hearts and voices 
In a happy, social Eong; 

We can guide some erring brother- 
Lead him from the path of wrong. 

We may fill our home with music. 

And with sunshine brimming o'er. 
If against all dark intruders 

We will firmly close the door- 
Yet, should evil shadows enter. 
We must love each other more. 

There arc treasures for the lowly 
Which the grandcjt faii t • find; 

There's a chain of sweet aff^-ciiou 
Binding friends of kindred mind. 

We may reap the choicest blessings 
From the poorest lot assigned. 

Grandpapa's Old Coat. 

"Only one silk and that not new! Dear me, 
dear me, it is dreadful!" and Aunt Grayaon 
caught np the pretty bodice of the garment in 
question, and gave it a spiteful little shake. 
Jvathie, hemming ruSles by the window, 

"What can't be cared must be endured; 
there's no help for it, auntie," she said. 

"Yes.^there was help for it," cried the lady, 
tossing the bodice from her, "if you had taken 
my advice; but yon must go and act like a sim- 
pleton! The idea of a girl of your age giving 
away her hard earnings, and then getting mar- 
ried without a decent change of clothing! I de- 
clare it is too absurd. And you are making 
such a good match, too! Charles Montague 
comes of one of the best families in the county, 
and he'll be rich one of these days, though he 
may be poor enough at the start, and you, hav- 
ing as good as thrown your money away, can 
contribute nothing — not even 'able co buy your 
own clothes, which every wife ought to do.' " 

"At which time, let us hope, my scanty 
wardrobe will be replenished," said Kathie, 

Her aunt frowned contemptuously. 

"But what are you to do now?" she went 
on. "What do you think Mrs. Montague, of 
OakUnds, will think of vou, when she sees your 

"Not one whit less than she thinks of me to- 
day," answered Kathie, stoutly, "or I should 
be greatly mistaken in my estimate of her char- 

Mrs. Grayson laughed in scorn. 

"You poor little simpleton! Wait until you 
know the world as I know it, and you'll change 
your tune. I tell you, Kathie, appearance is 
everything. Your bridegroom himself will feel 
ashamed of you when he sees you in the midst 
of his stately sisters, in the grand rooms of 

Kathie wiAced, but she answered bravely: 
"1 don't believe Charlie will ever feel ashamed 
of me, or I should give him up to-day." 

"Wait until he sees you in your shabby gar- 

"Shabby garments!" said Kathie, opening 
her bright brown eyes. "My garments are not 
shabby, auntie. I am quite sure I never 
looked shabby in my whole life." 

Mrs. (.irayson glanced at the trim, graceful 
little figure. The close titting blue merino was 
faultless; the linen cuffsand collars were as spot- 
less as enow. Kathie was right; she|never looked 
shabby. Her garments seemed to be part and 
parcel of herself, like the glossy feathers and 
black tuft of a canary. Yet these garments 
were usually made of all eorts of odds and ends, 
for Kathie was poor, and obliged to be rigidly 
economical. But she was possessed of that 
tact, or talent, or whatever it may be called, 
which is more toawoman than beauty or fortune; 
enabling her by the mere skill of her willing fin- 
gers and artist soul, to make life, her home, her 
own person, "a thing of beauty and a joy for- 

Mrs. Grayson, Kathie's well-to-do aunt, with 
daughters of her own, who trail their silks in 
the dust.and tumble their laces and plumes,and 
looked dowdy all the while, regarded the trim 
little figure by the window with a half admir- 
ing, half contemptuous smile. 

"Y'ou're rather a pretty girl, Kathie," con- 
t^iued her aunt, "and yon understand the art 

of getting yourself up in good style. What 
you've got will do well enough, perhaps, but 
there's so little of it, ^'ou^ bridal outfit is 
shameful. What will you do for carriage dresses, 
and dinner dresses, and evening dresses, 
when you are Charles' wife? Why, when I was 
a bride J had everything; a round dor.en of silks 
of every hue, poplins, merinos, tissues, and a 
half dozen sorts of wraps. I didn't go to James 
Grayson bare of clothes, I tell you." 

Kathie said nothing for a moment, but bent 
over her ru files, her bright eyes dim with tears; 
then answering, "You may well say that aunt; 
but is it kind that you should tantalize me, 
when you know that your father was a rich 
man while mine was poor, and my uncle with 
all his promising to me, died, leaving me noth- 

"Such a simpleton as you've been," her 
aunt continued, "after toiling and teaching for 
your money, to turn round and giv? it away ! 
I declare it puts me out of temper to think ol 

"What else could I do?" the girl bnrst out 
passionately. "Could I see poor George's chil- 
dren turned into the street?" 

"Assuredly," answered the lady coolly, "he 
could have rented a house easy enough. In your 
place, I should have kept my money in my 
pocket; but you wouldn't listen to my advice. 
You are sorry foi it now, no doubt. " 

"I am not sorry. I would do the same thing 
again to-morrow. I'm glad I had the money to 
pay poor George's debt, and I don't care if I 
even should look shabby." 

"Very well, I shall try not to care, either. I 
shan't help you; I told >on that in the begining; 
I can't afford it, and even if I could I should 
not feel it my duty. You would be head- 
strong and senseless; you must bear the conse- 
quences. I'll give you some lace for your neck 
and sleeves, and you may wear the garnet set of 

"I am perfectly aware of your not caring, 
though you are my aunt; but I don't want the 
lace, nor should anything induce me to wear 
borrowed garments. Besides I have some very 
fine lace which belonged to my dear, dead 
mother, which I shall wear in remembrance of 
her, knowing how hsppy she would be, were 
she alive and with me, at the event that is soon 
to take place." 

"Oh! very well; don't snap my head off, I 
beg; you needn't wear them. Much thanks one 
gets for trying to assist you. You won't wear 
any hat either, I suppose." 

"I have plenty of trimmings; I shall trim 
that light felt I wore last winter." 

"And your jacket? Where's that to come 
from, pray?" 

"Kathie's tears were gone, and her brown 
eyes flashed like stars as she answered, "I in- 
tend to make myself a jacket of grandfather's 

Her aunt threw back her head and laughed 
boisterously, as she went on: "Grandfather's 
old coat! oh, that is too good. What would 
Mrs. Montague say to that? Kathie, child, 
what a goose you are!" 

Kathie threw aside her ruffles, and going to 
the clothes-press, brought out the old coat. 
"The material is very tine," she said, "and this 
rich, old-fashioned fur will cut into nice stripes 
for trimming. Oh, I am sure that I can make 
a handsome jacket out of it, and I think," she 
added, softly, "grandpapa would like me to 
have it, if he knew." 

"Grandpapa, indeed!" echoed Mrs. Grayson. 
"1 should think you'd have but littio respect 
for his memory after the manner he treated you, 
in never leaving you a penny, after hiving 
nursed him and slaved for you did,night 
and day, for all those years." 

"I have no doubt he intended to leave rae 
something," said Kathie. "I know he did; 
but he died so suddenly, and put off altering 
his will until it was impossible to do so." 

"Oh, nonsense! I wouldn't give a fig for 
good intentions! He had lots of money — every- 
body knows that; it has all gone to that scape- 
grace, Dugald, and leaving you without a shil- 
ling for your wedding dowry." 

"Charlie won't mind that," said Kathie, her 
cheeks blooming like a rose. 

"Won't he ? Don't tell me, child! Every 
one thought you would be old Tom Rowland's 
heiress when you first met Mr. Montague. Ten 
toone he'dneverhavegivenyou a second thought 
but for that. Now, that he's disappointed, he's 
too much of a man to back out, of course, but 
he feels it all the same. Don't tell me, I know 
it better than you." 

Kathie uttered no word in answer. She took 
the old coat, and, crossing to the window, sat 
down to rip it apart. Her wedding day was 
drawing near, and there was no time to Icse. 
Mrs. Grayson settled herself on the lounge for 
an afternoon nap; the big Maltese cat purred 
on the rue; the canary chirped laz ly in her 
cage; and, without, above the waving line of 
the wooded ridge, the December sunstt glowed. 

Kathie began to rip the strong, closely stitched 
seams, her pretty, fresh face looking sad, but 
not hopeless. Aunt Grayson's world-wise talk 
had somewhat hurt her from its unkindness, or, 
rather, heartlessness. 

All her life she had been such a brave, sweet 
little soul. Left an orphan early, she bad lived 
with her grandfather, and made his last days 
bright. He said to her more than once: "You're 
a dear child, Kathie ; by and-by, when you 
think of being a bride, I'll give you a wedding 

Yet, after his sudden death one mid-winter 
night, there was no mention of Kathie found in 

the will, and everything went to Dugald, the 
son of a second marriage. 

Kathie did not complai'i, but it cut her to the 
heart to think that, after all, she had been utterly 
forgotten. She tried to believe that there was 
some mistake, but it was very hard to do so. 

And when I)ug.ild sold out the old homestead, 
gathered up the funds and went off to America, 
she gathered up all the souvenirs and took care 
of them. The old fur-trimmed overcoat was 
one, and this was distinguished from all the 
rest by having a card appended to it, on which 
was her full name. 

Then, boarding at her aunt's, she taught the 
village children, and saved up her earnings for 
her marriage day, for Charles Montague had 
asked her to be his wife. 

The wedding day was appointed, and Kathie 
was beginning, with a fluttering heart, to think 
about making her purchases, when her brother 
(ieorge fell ill; and worse, got into trouble. He 
was rather a thriftless man and had been unfor- 
tunate ; his little home was mortgaged, and 
unless the debt could be repaid, the house 
would be sold over his head. Kathie heard, 
and did not hesitate an instant. Her hoarded 
earnings went to pay the debt. 

She did not regret her generosity, sitting there 
in the glow of the waning sunset; she would 
have done the same thing again. She did not 
doubt her handsome, high-born lover's loyalty, 
yet her girl's heart ached, and tears dimmed 
her clear, bright eyes. 

It was bad to be so cramped for a little money, 
and one's wedding day so near. Her wardrobe 
was limited and sadly needed replenishing. 
Aunt Grayson told the truth; she would look 
shabby in the grand rooms at Oaklands, in the 
midst of Charlie's stately sisters ! 

The tears came faster, and presently the 
sharp, pearl-handled knife, with which she was 
ripping the seams, slipped suddenly, and cut a 
gash right across the breast of the coat. 

Kathie gave a shriek of dismay. 

"There, now, I've spoiled the best of the 
cloth ; I can't get a j acket from the much-abused 
old coat. What shall I do?" 

Down went the bright young head, and with 
her face buried in grandpa's old coat, Kathie 
cried as if her heart woula break. 

Mrs. Grayson sneered on the lounge, the 
Maltese cat purred before the hearth, the canary 
twittered, and out above the wintry hills the 
sunset files glowed in gulden glory. 

Her cry out, Kathie raised her head, dried 
her eyes, and went on with her ripping, when 
something rustled under her hands. 

"Why, what's this? Some of grandpa's 
papers ! " 

She tore the lining loose, and there, beneath 
the wadding, was a package done up in parch- 
ment, and tied with red tape and addressed in 
a clear hand to herself ! 

Kathie drew it forth. One side was marked: 
"This package belongs to my granddaughter, 

"Why, what can it be?" cried Kathie, her 
fingers tldttering as she tuggeA at the tape. 

At last the knot yielded, and she unfolded 
the package. Folded coupon bonds — a round 
dozen at least — land a thick layer of crifp bank 
notes. On the top a little note. She read it: 
"My dear little granddaughter, here is your 
marriage dower. 'Two thousand pounds. One 
day, some fine fellow — none other, I trust — will 
claim you for his wife. You are a treasure in 
yourself, but take this from old grandpapa as a 
light remembrance for all your care and kind- 
ness to him." 

"O.*-., grandpapa, then you did not forget me !" 
sobbed Kathie. 

A ring at the door at that moment startled 
her. She looked out and saw her lover. Gather- 
ing her treasures into the lap of her ru tiled apron, 
she rushed out to meet hini. 

"Oh, Charlie, come in quick ; I've got some 
wonderful news to tell you ! " 

The young man followed her into the draw- 
ing room, wondering what had happened. 

"Oh ! Charlie," she cried breathlessly, hold- 
ing up her apron, her eyes shining, her cheeks 
aglow, "see here; I'm a rich girl, alter all ! I've 
found my marriage dower. A minute ago 1 
was so poor, and had nothing to give you with 
me. I had to give poor George all my money, 
and I've only one silk; and I had to trim my 
old hat over, and auntie laughed at me so and 
said you would feel ashamed of me. I was 
cutting up grandpa's old overcoat to make a 
jicket, and I found thip. Ouly see, £'2,000! 
Oh, Charlie, I am so glad for your sake." 

'The young man bent down and kissed the 
swee!;, tremulous mouth with a full, glowing 
heart as he said: 

"My darling," his voice thrilling with tender- 
ness, "I am glad of all this becouse you are 
glad. For my own part, I would rather have 
these dear little hands without a shilling in 
them. You need no dowry, Kathie; you are 
crowned with beauty and purity and goodness, 
and what could I wish more ? In my eyes you 
are always fresh and fair and lovely, no matter 
what yon wear. I love you for your own sweet 
self, rich or poor." 

Kathie let the folded bank coupons and notes 
slip from her apron and fall to the floor in a 
rustling shower. 

"Oh, Charlie," she whispered, leaning her 
head against his shoulder, "I am so glad." 

"Glad of what, Kathie— grandpapa's dowry ?" 

"No; glad you love rae for myself." 

He clasped her closely, and at their feet 
grandpapa s marriage dowery lay almost un- 

Her aunt and her cousins, though they pre- 
tended to be pleased and to congratulate her, 

yet it was easy to see how thoroughly they 
were chagrined. 

The marriage proved to be a happy one, not 
only to the party directly concerned, but equally 
to "Mrs. Montague of Oaklands," and her 
proud, stylish daughters. 

The money given to Kathie's brother proved 
to be the making of him. He recovered his 
lost ground, and in a few years he had accumu- 
lated a handsome property, repaid his sister all 
that he owed, though against her wishes, and 
showed to her how fortunate was the result of 
her liberality so heartilycondemned by her aunt. 

"The Widow's Mite." 

(Written for the Ri ral Pkrss hy .Tbwri.1,.] 
Said an intelligent and charming woman to 
me the other day, "I aspire to be a writer some 
day, when more confident of my ability to en- 
tertain and instruct ; "' and it is the feeling and 
desire of many, whose ripe culture and experi- 
ence make them eminently qualified for writ- 
ing, if they would only begin. Now is the ac- 
cepted time, friends. The present is the only 
time we are sure of, and any subject that inter- 
ests you, as mothers, wives and sisters, will 
interest other mothers, wives and sisters. Your 
experiences, successes and failures are made 
easier to bear when told into the ears of sym- 
pathetic friends, and by writing them out, they 
reach hundreds of such friends, who learn to 
love you, and, perhaps, bless you for the helping 
hand extended them in your wise, cheerful 
counsel and brave words. Every one is capable 
of helping others; let their mite be ever so 
small and their lives ever so remote from civil- 
ization, so much more need have we for casting 
our contribution on the winds of the, 
that we may reach other hearts and cheer other 
lives equally far away, who are groping for 
light, and have felt just as we do and thought 
our thoughts, although we have never met. 
We all have duxies to perform to others as well 
as to ourselves, and if we hide our light under 
a bushel, both we and others are deprived of 
the light; and if we wait until we shall be capa- 
ble of writing perfect essays, or speak only 
when we have the power to be great orators, 
the world would miss very much of its richness 
and good, in the modest words and ideas that 
come from plain people, whose lives are rich in 
wise experiences that may help many an humble 
one up higher. I f^e! deeply the necessity for 
us women to read more, and write more, and 
think more, and talk less. "Speech is silver, 
but silence golden,'' is an old saying. It is true 
in writing. When it contains a germ of an 
idea or gives expression to a single good thought, 
it is golden, and does the writer, as well as the 
reader, a benefit. So I would say to my friend, 
who desires to be a wiiter and worker for thb 
good of the many, begin now. Give us, of the 
Rural "Home Circle," a glimpse into the sacred 
portals of your aspirations and soul commun- 
ings. Do not hesitate in giving yonr mite for 
the benefit of us all, and who knows but, like 
the "widow's mite" of old, it may prove of 
more worth than all others. 

Many persons are over-sensitive, unassuming 
and timid, and feel that what their hearts }etin 
to convey to others is of little moment to the 
world, and might be better expressed by others. 
After all, it is common experiences, common 
thoughts and expressions of speech that most 
directly concern and most readily reach us all. 
The wi iter who thinks of self rather than the 
subject must ever fail of reaching hearts and 
pleasing the fancy. Delay not because you 
think yourself incapable, but write because you 
have something you wish to say; and the sim- 
pler the language used to express an idea the 
better. So say the most learned and apprecia- 
tive authors and readers. 

Deer Ridge Farm, Alma P. 0. 

A Game with the Children. — "I have no 
time to devote to my children," says the busi- 
ness man, with a sigh, for he really feels the 
privation of their society keenly. But the ex- 
cuse in an insufficient one; he should make 
time — let other things go, for no duty is more 
important than that he owes his offspring. 
Parents should never fail to give the child such 
sympathy in its little matters of life as will pro- 
duce in its confiding mind that trust and faith 
which is a necessary element in parental influ- 
ence. Filial affection is a great safeguard against 
evil influence, as well as a great civilizer to its 
possessor. Do not forget, too, that the childish 
mind in process of development absolutely needs 
the cheerful and happy influences which are 
produced by amusements, as sure as the plant 
needs sun and light for its proper growth. And 
who can be betttr persons to afford recreation 
than both parents ? Too frequently does the 
stately father, filled with the cares and responsi- 
bilities of life, forget that his little one is yearn- 
ing for that familiar love which induces a game 
of romp between them. The father's entrance 
after the day's la'oor should be a cause for re- 
joicing, and the signal for a merry game 
which would benefit him as well as the little 

PetName.s, — He: "May I call you Revenge?'' 
She: "Why?" He: "Because 'revenge is 
sweet.'" She: "Certainly you may, provided, 
though, you will let me call you Vengeance." 
He: "And why would you call me Vengeance?" 
She: "Because 'vengeance is mine.'" And 
she became his in a few months after. 

July ts, i88a.] 


Woman's Rights and Wrongs. 

[Written for the Rcrai. Prbss by Mas. C. I. H. Nichols, 

With all my faith in Bro. Berwick's honesty 
of heart (and without that faith I doubt if I 
would have enjoyed, as I have done, the keen 
encounters of his pen), I confess myself equally 
honored and delighted by his "graceful" and 
manly acceptance of what "M. E. 0. W." 
terms a "delightful cudgeling." "Cudgeling!" 
I exclaimed, mentally; "I didn't think it was 
ao bad as that! ' Tnen 1 bethought me of an 
old friend, a clergyman's widow, who used, 
laughingly, to tell how, in her little girlhood, 
her husband — at that time her teacher — cor- 
rected her misdemeanors by feruling her hands, 
and later, when he came a wooing, insisted 
that the cruel blows were "love pats." Ac- 
cepting this anecdote as an illustration, I may 
admit the cudgeling and insist that the excel- 
lent use made of my rough lesson, accepted, as 
it was, for the sake of the truth it conveyed, 
justifies both the faith of the teacher and the 
worth of the pupil. But before I attempt to 
comply with the expressed wish of M. E. 0. 
W.'s "Good many of us," and Bro. B.'s re- 
quest that I would "enumerate the laws which 
1 consider the moat galling and obnoxious," I 
will answer his query in regard to the widows 
being legally prevented from burial in the family 
grave-lot. They may have been, as he sug- 
gests, "execrable widows, but as "execrable- 
ness" is not recognized as a statutory offense, 
and execrable widowers find no legal bar to 
their final rest beside their deceased compan- 
ions, we may set that matter aside as irrelevant 
to the cases in question. 

One of the widows noticed was a childless 
wife and not responsible for the training of her 
grown step-children. The status of the other 
wife was not given; she may have been obnox- 
ious to some collateral heir, not of her own 
blood, aided and abetted by some execrable 
limb of the probate confiscatory; or, what is so 
common as to almost pass unnoticed, she may 
have been the much enduring wife of a man 
whose precept and example, emphasized by his 
supreme authority, controlled and brought her 
influence into contempt with her children — the 
hist great social wrong of the legal subjection 
of the wife; or, taking my cue from the popu- 
lar witticisms of public journals and masculine 
literature, she was probably the mother-in-law 
of some graceless son in law, whose lack of re- 
spect and decent consideration for his wife was 
expressed in snubs of her patient, painstaking 
mother while living, to reach its climax in the 
denial of her right of burial in the family vault 
when dead. Without pretending to have ex- 
hausted the probabilities and possibilities of 
the cases in question, I repeat that the decis- 
ions of the courts in both turned on the legal 
fact that the claim of the widows was simply a 
life lease — a "dower use" of one third ot the 
husband's real estate "during life." In such a 
claim it is evident there was no hook to hang a 
hope on for the "relic" of the man from whose 
estate her death removed an "incumbrance." 
It may be proper for me right here to suggest 
that by cremation these non-suited widows 
might be legally inurned in the tea-pot or sugar 
bowl generously exempted to the widow in the 
distribution of personal effects among heirs and 
creditors, if, happily, these useful articles sur- 
vive her widowhood. 

And now, if Bro. B. will refresh his memory 
by a reperusal of sundry articles in back num- 
bers of the Rural, all the way from January, 
1874, he will find that I have pretty thoroughly 
and several times at his suggestions, discussed 
the galling and obnoxious legal discriminations 
against woman; meanwhile, to save time and 
space, I elect tofoUowM. K. 0. W.'s suggestion, 
aLid oflFera specificfor "blotting them out," which 
I find under consideration in the Wyoraing 
Legislature. As all legal discriminations against 
women have their source and origin in the one 
great fundamental outrage on the divine unity 
of the sexes in the matter of inherent rights, 
the only permanent cure must come through a 
generous practical recognition of equality of 
rights, irrespective of sex. 

The following bill before the Wyoming Legis- 
lature, if adopted by that body, secured equal- 
ity of rights to the women of that Territory, 
and blots out the last remnant of sex rule, as 
did the national 15th amendment that of color 
supremacy; the right of suffrage having been 
granted them in 1871 or 1872, and exercised 
with such satisfaction to the intelligent citi- 
zens of the Territory, that no voice has been 
lifted up for its repeal. 

It. U enm lnl 1,1 tin i;,um->l iniil H.m». (if Riprfx. iilnin;, 
of Wyuihiu-j T'l-ritortt: 

Sec 1. Henceloith women shaU retain the same Ingal ex 
lateucc after marriage an before marriage, and shall receive 
the same itrotection ot her rigtits, as a woman, which her 
husbiind doe?, aa a man ; and for any unjust usurp. ition of 
her |irt>i)erly or natural rights, slic shall have the same right 
to apjieal, in her own Lame alone, to the courts of law or 
e((Uiiy, for redress, that the husband has. 

HF.i\ 2. Hehc forth tile rights and responsihilities of the 
parents shall be t<iual. and the mother shall be as fully en 
titled to the custody, control ami earnings of the children 
as the father : and in case of the father's death, the mother 
shall come into as full anil comnltte contriil of the cliildren, 
and their estate, as the father does in case of the mother's 
death. All laws or portions of laws inconsistent with the 
foregoing are hereby repealed. 

What more 1 have to say, and more espe- 
cially the bearing of the question on California 
and its future, 1 leave to another week, hoping 
that if I have failed to meet the expectations of 
my friendly questioners, I have not failed to 
make a point or suggest a train of thought in 
the direction of (^odlike conduct — doing justly, 
loving mercy, and walking humbly the panacea 
recommended by Bro. B. Heaven bless him ! 

Porno P, 0,, Mendocino Co, 

The Cunning Wee Mousie. 

A hungry wee mousie peep'd out of a hole— 
O. he was cunning ! O, he was cunning ! 

Then on to the carpet he quietly stole, 

Watching and running, watchingand running ! 

Sweet crumbs on the floor lay, abundance to eat — 
But he was greedy, but he was greedy ; 

Naught but the cheese on the table would fit. 
On it would feed he, on it would feed he. 

Host, guests and domestic had all gone to bed, 
Ev'rv one sleeping, ev'ry one sleeping ; 

"What has a thief in such silence to dread?" 
Mousie kept cheeping, mousie kept cheeping. 

Close to the table, embolden'd, he drew, 
Nearer the treasure, nearer the treasure; 

Catching the cover, up quickly he flew, 
Oh ! what a pleasure ! Oh ! what a pleasure ! 

Traitor to conscience is subject to fear, 
"What is that etirring? what is that stirring? 

Is it the smoldering ashes I hear, 
Or a cat purring, or a cat purring?" 

Nibbling and nibbling, again mousie s'arts! 

"Time to take warning, time to take warning ! " 
Fatal delay ! how it tempts wicked hparts ! 

Now there's no turning, now there's no turning. 

There is the cat lying crouched for the spring, 

Mousie detected, mousie detected ; 
Never again will he do such a thing, 

Prayer rejected, prayer rejected ! 

Cats have no mercy, and neither lias fate ; 

Left to ill-doing, left to ill-doing, 
Punishment comes to us early or late ; 

Then we go rueing, then we go rueing. 

Take you the crumbs which kind Providence sends, 
Blest and contented, blest and contented ; 

If you must eat stolon cheese, my youiig friends, 
You will repent it, you will repent it ! 

— Ayr. Adecrtiser. 

How Joe was Brought Home. 

Some of Buckland's stories contain an anec- 
dote of Joe, the chimpanzee, who was living in 
the Zoological Gardens some 12 years ago. He 
used to be let out in the mornings for exercise, 
and, when the time came for going back to the 
cage, delighted in just keeping out of reach of 
Sutton, the keeper. "No amount of bribery of 
fruit or sweets would cause him to descend 
from his perch. To what passion of the mon- 
key's mind could an appeal be made, and in 
what form was that appeal to be presented?" 
Mr. Bartlett, the superintendent, had observed 
that two weak points in .Toe's character were 
curiosity and cowardice; and he therefore ap- 
proached the keeper in a mysterious manner, 
and pretended to point out to him some strange 
monster in the dark passage underneath the 
gaspipe, saying, "Look out, there he is, there 
he is 1" This worked upon Joe's fear and curi- 
osity until he gradually came close to the pas- 
sage, crooning with agitation. Then Mr. Birt- 
lett and tLe keeper, crying, "He's coming out ! 
he's coming out !" fled as if in great alarm to- 
wards Joe's house, with the effuct of inducing 
Joe to rush into it himself at top speeJ. Joe, 
Mr. Buckland adds, never found out the trick 
with which ho was repeatedly taken in. 

Straw Air-castles — 1 will try and {iive di- 
rections for making straw air-castles. Cut 12 
straws of a length, say six inches, and cut six 
little squares of red cloth; now a darning nee- 
dle and long thread. Double a piece of the 
red cloth and string it on the thread, then a 
straw, and then a piece of cloth, and so on till 
you have four straws on the thread ; then put 
the needle through the first piece of cloth, then 
put on a straw and cloth and a straw and 
through a corner; then a straw and cloth and 
straw and fasten in the first piece of cloth and 
cut off the thread. Now put the thread through 
one of the free corners and string on a straw, 
then through the next corner, and so on arouna 
to the first piece, and it is finished. Make three 
of this size and one with eleven-inch straws; 
hang up one of the small ones, then tie the 
large one on the bottom of it, then another on 
the bottom of that, and hang the others inside 
of the big square, and put a straw on the thread 
that we hang the inside square on, and that lets 
it down nearer the center of the big square; 
then we make smaller squares and tie on the 
four corners of the three and one for the bottom, 
and then smaller ones for the bottom of them. 
We make them different ways, we add more 
small squares wherever they will look well. I 
think they are the prettiest air castles I have 
ever seen. 

School. — School; how many pleasant memo' 
ries are awakened in our mind by this single 
word ; at the mention of it we seem to see fa- 
miliar faces and hear happy voices, as in fancy 
we follow the well-known path to the school 
house. And what thoughts of hard work arise; 
of times when it seemed as though we never 
should learn this rule or work that dilficult ex 
ample correctly. I think the only unpleasant 
duty of school is writing compositions, although 
they are very useful. I do not think we quite 
appreciate our schools, if we did I think we 
would be more careful of how we use the ad 
vantages they give us; how many, many chil- 
dren there are in the world who would be glad 
of the opportunities we enjoy and which we are 
so apt to abuse. Then let us try to do our best 
during our school life, so that, when we come 
to live and look back over our past, we may 
have nothing to regret and nothing but pleasant 
memories to carry with us. 

The Wooing of Sleep. 

An endeavor to go to sleep is a misLike. For 
example, when the will makes an effort to dull 
the ear the mental sense behind the sense organ 
is thrown into a condition of listening and ten- 
sion. The power of hearing is not diminished, 
but, as it were, restricted in its range and in its 
hightened sensibility — as the vibratile capacity 
of a musical reed may be raised by reducing the 
length of the fiber along which its vibrations 
are propagated. Noises that would not pre- 
viously have been noticed are per^ eived, and 
become sources of annoyance. This intensify- 
ing of the sensations in the attempt to go to 
sleep, of which most persons are conscious, is 
doubtless partly due to the quiet that prevails 
in the house and bed-chamber; but there is 
also an increase of the susceptibility of the per- 
ceptive faculty, frequently to such an extent 
that the ticking of a watch or the tapping of an 
insect behind the wall-paper will not only be 
heard, but be actually painful. 

So it is with sight; when the eyelids are 
closed the inner mental sense of vision becomes 
increasingly acute, and the field of sight is soon 
crowded with grotesque and rapidly changing 
images. The worrying effect of this phantasma- 
goria is a too familiar experience of the sleep - 
waiter. All the mental senses are in like man- 
ner stimulated and their acuteness intensified 
by the endeavor to lower the sensibility of the 
sense organs. The mental sense of smell may 
be rendered so keen that the scarcely percept- 
ible odor of bed-linen will prove offensive. 
Taste may be so stimulated that the natural 
moisture of the mouth becomes loathsome. 
General sensation may be so intensified that a 
rough thread in a sheet, or a little stream of 
cold air finding its way under the coverlet, will 
occasion the most irritating experience. In 
short, the whole process of attempted sense- 
subduing is unnatural and opposed to the dic- 
tates of reason. 

No such effort ought to be made. External 
quiet should be secured, if quiet be personally 
agreeable, and whether light or darkness be 
preferable must depend on the idiosyncrasy. 
No control ought to be exercised over the senses. 
The eyelids should not be closed, but allowed to 
droop when weary. There should be no resolu- 
tion to disregard sounds, or to suppress sensa- 
tions of any kind. The surroundings being 
propitious and consonant with the "feelings," 
or, still better, disregarded, mind and body 
should be left to take their chance of sleep, 
without the striving which, in truth, is the 
principal cause of wakefulness. This is why it 
often happens that persons who cannot sleep in 
bed by night will drop off to sleep readily in a 
chair by day. It is the effort to sleep that 
keeps off slumber, and when there is no effort, 
sleep comes naturally. If the endeavor to 
sleep is made, as soon as it commences expec- 
tancy begins, and, paradoxical as it may seem, 
the consciousness is actually kept awake to 
watch for sleep! This watchfulness, arising 
out of the eagerness of the desire for sleep and 
the intensity of the effort made to woo it, 
throws the mind into a state of tensive antici- 
pation incompatible with somnolence. Then 
comes the period of restless and irritated dis- 
appointment, in which the mind is so vexed, 
the brain so excited, and the organism, as a 
whole, thrown into such a stale of irritability, 
that the best thing to do is to rise and take a 
bath, or wash from head to feet, with the 
double purpose of allaying the excitement and 
inducing a more peaceful mood by physical 

Asi'ARAdcs Omelet.— Cut in half-inch pieces 
the tender parts of half a bunch of cold cooked 
asparagus and put them in a small saucepan 
with a bit of butter and seasoning of salt and 
pepper. Place it on the range where it will just 
get hot enough without stewing or burning 
while you make your omelet. Break six eggs 
in a bowl, add salt and pepper and two table- 
spoonfuls of milk. Beat until the eggs are well 
broken. Have your frying pan ready, with a 
tablespoonfui of hot melted butter; turn in the 
eggs and stir gently with a fork until the eggs 
be^ia to set. Just before the omelet is ready 
to fold lay the asparagus on it, turn both ends 
toward the middle, hold a hot dish in the left 
hand, and with a dexterous turn of the right 
wrist invert your frying pan over the dish. The 
result (if you have been sucoessf'tl) will be ade- 
liciously flavored golden brown omelet that will 
tempt the palate of an epicure. Utilize in this 
way cold asparagus left from dinner. 

Soup Stock. — In making soup from raw meats 
break the bones apart, place them in a pot, 
cover them with cold water and boil slowly for 
five or six hours; add salt to quicken the rising 
of the scum, which should be thoroughly re- 
moved. Cut up three carrots, three turnips, 
two heads of celery and two onions; add to the 
stock, together with six or eight cloves, a bou- 
quet of herbs and a teaspoonful of whole pep- 
pers; strain into a deep saucepan and clarify 
with the white of an egg. It will then be ready 
for an indefinite variety of soups. 

Strawberry Blanc Manoe. — Stew nice ripe 
strawberries, strain off the juice, and sweeten 
to taste: place over the Hre, and when it boils 
stir iu corn starch wet in cold water, allowing 
two tablespoonfuUs of corn starch for each pint 
of juice, continue stirring until sufiioientiy 
cooked, pour into moulds wet in cold water, 
and set away to cool; serve with cream and 
sugar, and fresh strawberries if desired. This 
makes a pretty and delicious dessert. Rasp- 
berry blanc mange prepared iu the same way, 
is equally good. 

Baked Codfish — B.iked codfish is an excel- 
lent breakfast dish; cut the fish in small pieces 
and let it soak all night in cold water; in the 
morning pick it in shreds, and let it simmer on 
the stove until it is tender, then draw off the 
water, and to one-third mashed potato put two- 
thirds fish; stir in so that the potato will he 
evenly distributed. Bike until it is a rich 
brown on the top, serve with a sauce of drawn 
butter, in which cut two hard-boiled eggs. 

O, Heaven ! for one generation of clean and 
unpolluted men — men whose veins are not fed 
by fire; men fit to be companions of pure 
women; men worthy to be the fathers of chil- 
dren; men who do not stumble upon the rock 
of apoplexy at mid-age or go blindly groping and 
staggering down into a drunkard's grave, but 
who sit and look upon the faces of their grand- 
children with eyes undimmed and heart nn- 
cankered. Such a generation as this is possible 
in America; and to produce such a generation as 
this the persistent, conscientious work of the 
public press is entirely competent as an instru- 
mentality. — Dr. J. O. ITolland. 

Bitin(; hie Nails. — It is a bad habit for one 
to get into, for the reason that those who be 
come addicted to it forget themselves, wherever 
they may be, and when embarrassed they are 
especially apt to indulge it. The injury which 
is done in most cases to the fingers is one of de- 
formity — who likes to see the stubby, uncouth 
finger-ends which inveterate nail-chewers show " 
We have the impression that the practice has a 
mischievous effect on a person's mouth, distort 
iog its shape, perhaps thickening the lips, pos 
sibly giving an abnormal tendency of growth to 
the jaws and teeth. 

Temperament in the Neoro. — Porenologists 
of experience are able to discern differences of 
temperament in the negro, but no positive rules 
have been laid down concerning him as in the 
case of the Caucasian. It remains, therefore, 
for the physiologists and anthropologists to 
classify the Negro and the Mongol tempera 
ments. Here is a good field for wide study. 
Wfc should be glad to hear from those who have 
bad opportunities to study the races of Asia 
and Africa, and to communicate their views 
through our columns. 

Lamb a la Bordelaise. — Roast the lamb be- 
fore a good fire, or bake in a quick oven, 
basting it constantly with batter. When it is 
nearly done sprinkle it with bread crumbs and 
a little minced mint and chopped shallot; baste 
now with the drippings from the meat; sprinkle 
salt over it and dish it up; have ready a thick 
brown gravy, and pour it round, but not over 
the lamb; add a little mint and a tea^Poonful of 
vinegar to the gravy. 

Cake Cu.■^TARl)s. — Moisten two cupfals of 
stale cake with a custard made of one pint of 
milk, four eggs, and two tablespoonfuls of sugar; 
pat it into buttered cups, set them in a pan with 
enough hot water to reach half way to the brim, 
and bake in a moderate oven until the custard 
is firm. They may be served in the cups or 
may be turned out and dusted with powdered 
sugar; any kind of pudding sauce preferred may 
be served with them.'e for Wall Paper. — Moisten common 
laundry starch with cold water to the consist- 
ency of paste, pour on boiling water until it is 
quite thin, stirring briskly till it is smooth; let 
It boil up once, and remove from the fire. Have 
ready a small piece of glue, dissolve it in boiling 
water, and add to the starch just before remov- 
ing it from the fire. This paste I have found 
far superior to that made from Hour. 

To liR'MovK Paint Stains — Stains of oil 
paint may be removed from cotton or wool with 
bisulphite of carbon; many by means of spirits 
of turpentine; if dry and old, with chloroform. 
For these last, as well as for tar spots, the best 
way is to cover them with olive oil or butter. 
When the paint is softened the whole may be 
removed by treatment, first, with spirits of tur- 
pentine, and then with benzine. 

Ecoless Cakb. — Oae half cup of butter, one 
and a half cups of sugar, one cup of sour milk, 
three level cups of sifted Hour, one teaspoonful 
of eoda, one half teaspoonful each of cinnamon 
and grated nutmeg, and one cup of chopped and 
well floured raisins. Baat the butter and sugar 
very light, and in stirring in the flour beat very 

IIoMlNY Fritters. — Beat three eggs and half 
a pint of milk with a pint of cold-boiled hominy 
until all these ingredients are smoothly blended 
and form a thick batter; drop by the table- 
spoonful into plenty of smoking iiot fat, fry 
brown, drain on brown paper, and serve hot 
with maple syrup, powdered sugar, or cream. 

Cream Fritters. — If you have cold corn- 
starch pudding stiff enough to cut in slices, dip 
them in cracker dust and egg, and fry them, 
laying them on brown paper to free them from 
grease after they are fried; serve them with 
powdered sugar. 



[July 15, X882 

DEWEY & CO., Publishers. 


Office, 262 Market St. , N.E. Cor. Front St. , S. F. 
trTakt the Elevator, A'o. H Front St.JS 

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a. H. STR0H8 


Saturday, July 15, 1882. 


GENERAL EDITORIALS.— The Redwood Indus- 
trv; The Redwood, 33. Tlie Week; Beef ^upplies and 
Value*; H'lp Crop. 40. Wheat \'*lues; The Fair .Sta- 
eon, The Enulith Winners; Our Wool at the East; War 
and Wheat, 'tl. 

ILLUSTRATIONS— Hauling Redwood from the 
Forest. 3 i. Shotover— Winner of the Derby; Oehiim- 
niss— Winner of the Oaks, 41. 

OORRBSPONDENCB.— Arrowhead Hot Springs, 
3 t. 

FORESTRY.— Forest Trees of California- No. 4, 84. 
POULTRY YARD.- Do Chickens Pay, 34. 
THE DAIRY — GuernBey Cows, 34 
HORTIUDLTURE.— Awards for Fiuit Displays. 35. 
THB GAmDKN.— Propagation of Plants by Sceus 
and Sliiw, 35 

THE VINEYARD.— Meeting of the Viticultural 
Commi^ion, 35. 

lets; A Trip to Wheat Land; The Grangers' liank, S6. 

AGRICULTURAL NOTbS, from the various 
counties of California, 36-37. 

HOME CIKULE — We can Make Home Happy, 
(Poetrv); Oranopapa's Old Coat; The Widow's Mite, 
38. Woman's Riithts and Wrongs, 39. 

YOUNG FOLKS' COLUMN.- The Cunning Wee 
Mouse, (Pnttrj); How Joe was Brought Home; Straw 
.\ir-Ca3tle8; schi ol. £9. 

GOOD HEALTH— The Wooing of Sleep; Bilipg 
the Xails; Temperament in the Negro, 39. 

DOMBbTIO ECONOMY —Asparai! us Omelet; Soup 
Slock; Strawberr}' Blanc Mange; Baked Codfish; Lamb 
a la Burdelaire; Cake Custards; Paste for Wall Pap> r; 
To Remove Paint Stains; Kgglese Cake; Hominy Frit- 
ters; Cream Fritters, £9- 

QUERIES AND REPLIES.— Early Peiches in 
Tulare County; The Incubator Discussion; Seedling 

ENTOMOLOGICAL. —Treatment for Chafers; The 
Value of Uuhach; The Feach W>.rm; Insect Display at 
the Mechanics* Fair, 40. 

Business Annonncemente. 

Sonoma Valley College. John F. Burris, Sonoma, Cal, 
Langshans, Mrs J. Raynor, 8an FranciS'O. 
Commission Merchants, Nugent & O'Neal, S. F. 
California's Exposition, H. M Larue, Pres , Sacramento. 
Buhaeh, Buh^ch Manufacturing Co., Stockton, Cal. 
Economy Hay Press, Baker it Hamilton, S. F. 
Separator for Sale, Ernest Wall & Co , S. F. 

Beef Supplies and Values. 

Beef prices are maintained, and no immediate 
or considerable decline is anticipated. The 
scarcity of beef, as we have shown in former 
articles, rules throughout the extent of the 
country, and as the beef crop requires time to 
reach maturity it will be some months before 
the supply can be increased, although the dis- 
position will be to raise more calves than here- 
tofore. The causes which led to the reduction 
of our cattle supply has interfered with the 
progress of our export trade to Great Britain, 
and thus brought less money into the country 
at the same time that the American consumer's 
steaks have cost him almost twice as much as 
formerly. The falling off in the shipment of 
cattle to England is shown in the statistics 
gathered by the Veterinary Department of the 
British Privy Council, which we have before us 
in a reprint from their annual report for the 
year 1881. I'hus appears the British imports 
of cattle for several years: 

Cattle Imports into Great Britain- 

United states 



Schleswig-Holstein . 









6S 540 

Total 249.511 244,50li 354,400 319,805 




23 4.10 


44 389 

The Week. 

The topic of all tongues is the war in Egypt. 
War at a safe distance, with all the advantages 
of special reporters and cable dispatches, seems 
to strike the average person as something rather 
desirable to vary the monotony of midsummer. 
The news of the bombardment of Alexandria is 
looked for with the greatest anxiety, and the 
destruction of the Suez canal, although it would 
be a piece of outrageous vandalism, would serve 
to gratify a taste for sensations. The excite 
raent, however, does not promise to last long, 
unless it should be necessary to fight the 
Egyptians in their distant retreats and to patrol 
the aesert for the Bedouin, For one day's work 
with the Engliih gunboats laid low the fortifi- 
cations and tilled the city with cocllsgratione. 

At home the days go quietly, and agricult- 
urists are busily employed. The harvest still 
needs more men. The canneries are full of ma- 
terial, and are stowing it away as radidly as 
possible. Preparations for raisin making are 
being pushed forward. The large-fruit season 
is approaching its bight, and the pavements ot 
peach baskets along our produce streets may 
soon be seen. It is the time to revel in fruit. 
Pleasant are the tables which are covered with 

These ligures show that our cattle shipments 
declined in a marked degree from those of the 
previous year, and thus interrupted the pro- 
gression in the business which has ruled since 
its beginning. When the cattle export busi- 
ness began in this country no one thought 
there would be bounds to our ability to sup- 
ply the animals, for the broad pastures of the 
central territories seemed inexhaustible. They 
may indeed be thus, for the falling off in our 
cattle supply was owing to disaster which may 
not recur for a generation. Bradstreet's re- 
port saye: 

The tirst cause, a scarcity of beef cattle, is 
due to the hard winter of 1880 and ISSl, during 
which thousands of two-year-old steers perished 
on the plains and plateaus of the west and 
northwest. These animals succumbed to com- 
bined hunger and exposure. In ordinary win- 
ters a very small quantity of hay suffices to 
keep a growing steer in the districts mentioned. 
Ranchmen generally make little provision for 
feeding, hoping for a mild winter. They cut 
and cure very little hay; consequently during a 
severe season the herds are decimated, and the 
loss is felt throughout the United States, not 
immediately, but later, when the three-year-old 
steers are used and the next crop is due to ar- 
rive. Under the pressure of demand and the 
desire for rapid business transactions, few steers 
get to be four years old. Following the severe 
winter weather of 1880 and I88I came the se- 
vere drouth of the summer of 1881. This 
burned the pastures of the great gmzing re- 
gions of the country into arid wastes, and the 
herds grew lean and starved. Store cattle fell 
to low prices, at which they were purchased 
in large numbers by feeders, men in the cattle 
trade who annually fatten many thousands of 
beeves for the Eastern markets. The great 
feeders were restricted in their choice of keep. 
Maize was scarce and dear, so the herds des- 
tined for the butcher were chiefly fed on dis- 
tillery refuse. Eastern prices for beef will 
probably continue to rule high until the grass- 
fed cattle from Virginia and the good pastures 
of Kentucky and of Ohio reach the Eastern 

Hop Crop. 

The weather in England this summer has been 
quite unfavorable for the hop plant, and our 
Eaglish exchanges speak of the multitude of 
lice and prevalence of blight, both of which are 
most obtrusive in dark, damp weather. Such 
has been the character of the season, so Far, in En- 
gland, Thfi Mark Lane Express a^ys: "Altogeth- 
er, with the inclement weather and the attack of 
the aphides, and other evils, the prospects of 
the English hop planters are gloomy enough." 
The unfavorable weather has already occasioned 
the English growers much labor and expendi- 
ture. \Ve read : 

A proportion of the planters, despairing of help from 
Jupiter, are putting their shoulders to the wheel and are 
washing the plants with soft soapand water to clear them 
from the aphides. This is done l.>y means of garden en- 
gines fitted »ith (umps and lengths of hose, which are 
pushed along between the rows of plants by men. If 
this operation is well done, and repeated whenever fresh 
tlies appear, it is usually eMcacious, but it is very costly, 
and requires careful supervision. One large grower in 
Kent has II of these engines at work, entailing at least 
the services of 70 laborers and 10 horses to fetch water. 
Not more than one planter in Vi washes the hop plants 
Some cultivate thoroughly and apply forcing manures. 
Others leave the ground alone and allow weeds to flourish 
unmolebted, thinking thereby to check the growth of the 
plants, and starve out the aphides quickly. 

In this State the hop business is apparently 
gaining new life and hope. Association among 
the growers of Russian River and those in the 
neighborhood of Sacramento, has already been 
mentioned. The quick demand which has 
cleaned up the remainder of last year's crop and 
the prospect of a good price for the new crop, 

because of the possibility of shipment of Ameri- 
can hops to England, to supply the detioieney, 
gives the industry more Interest and may enable 
it to regain the place and profit of a few years 

Early Peaches in Tulare County. 

EniToRfl Pr.Esa;— T send you 20 varieties of peaches now 
ripe in oty orchard. This includei* about all the extreme 
early peaches in the I'nited States. I have been f' r the past 
four years fretting them together. They ripened with me 
this sea-Hon iu the order named; 

1. Cdllie .Scatf, Ashby. 

2. Brice, Ked May. 

3. Anisden. Musser, Alexander. 

4. Alpha, Vandemeu, Baker. 

5. Honeywell. Gov. Garland. 

6. Dickerson, Waterloo. Beatrice. Wilder. 

7. W'lilianis. Blowers. 

8. Uivers, Amelia. 
There is only about 15 days time between the ripening of 

the Hrst and last > f ail those varieties, and among some of 
the new varieties. 1 fiud some that are far superior to what 
we have had heretofore. The fruit crop here this season *s 
good, including all varieties, but we are unfortunate, and do 
not liapiien to he at a competitive point, so our fruit lias to 
rot. as the railroad compauy discriminates against us, so we 
cannot ship It as cheaply to the southern part or the Sta*e 
and Arizona as you can from Sin Francisco, though we are 
240 miles on the road. Suould this meet the eyes of the 
Hon K. K. Commission rs, they w 11 6nd out. by investigat- 
ing, that ir. is tiue. These rates are so tlxed that we have to 
pay one cent more per pound express to Los Angeles than 
the fruit dealers do from Han Francisco. - 1. H. 
Viaalia, Ju.y 3d. 

These peaches were unfortunately shipped so 
that they arrived during the Fourth of July 
season, and were held so long that they were a 
mass of decay and mold when they reached us. 
It was, however, discernible that the peaches 
were unusually large, and some of them richly 
colored far beyond the custom with early 
peaches. Our correspondent's record of the 
time of ripening of so many early peaches is 
well worth noting. 

The abuse of the transportation companies 
should be well sounded abroad. It is an out 
rage that people who can grow such fruit should 
be placed at such a disadvantage in the way of 
cost of shipment. The discrimination against 
the upper San Joaquin valley is a crying shame. 

The Incubator Dlscueslon. 
Editors Pkkssi— What has happened the champions of 
the incubator controversj"' No doubt, many are waiting 
and watching for further developments. As a general 
thing, the people dnnk in with avidity all that may be 
said on a subject in which they are so deeply concerned 
Shall we hear mure, or has it received its grand fliiale '/— 
L. C. B. 

AVe suppose the subject is undergoing iccu- 
bation, and something will hatch out if the 
heat does not run up too high. 

Seeclltngr Peaches. 
Editors Prhss:^! send you to-day two Fsmpie peaches 
They are a seedling from Hale's Early, and ripen Ist of 
July. The tree is a good bearer. Please give size and 
weight. -G. W. TmssBLL, Winters, Cal. 

The peaches strike us as very valuable. The 
samples were almost 10 inches in circumference 
and the weight one-half pound each. The 
flesh only partially adheres to the stone, and is 
white from pit to peel. The color is a hand- 
some, greenish yellow, with a slight blush. The 
flavor is excellent. The peach has many good 
points and should be propagated. 

The Scarcity cf Harvest Hands — The 
scarcity of harvest hands has been mentioned 
several times in recent issues of the Pre-^s. 
The trouble seems to be widespread. The 
Woodland Democrat says: Our farmers are 
greatly troubled on account of the scarcity of 
labor, and it is very difficult to get any help, 
although large prices for workmen are offered. 
Many farmers will be compelled to use China- 
men almost exclusively, white labor being un- 
obtainable. Of the scarcity of farm help about 
Gridley, the last issue of the Herald says: 
"Ranchers have been greatly troubled the past 
week or two about obtaining the help necessary 
to harvest their ciops. It is estimated that at 
least oO men could get employment in the grain 
fields of this neighborhood now, as very few of 
the farmers have full crews. The main cause 
for this annoyance is stated by many ranchers 
to be the policy pursued by thrashers, who en- 
gaged their crews before they were needed, 
thus exhausting the supply ere the grain was 
ready for the header. Of course, the results 
will be felt more especially by the thrashers, as 
the grain cannot be thrashed before it is cut, 
and the short-banded crews in the fields will 
not be able to keep the separators running 
steadily. " ^ 

Pkeparino for the Froit Growers' Con- 
vention.— The Santa Clara County Horticul- 
tural Society is at work preparing for the State 
Convention of fruit growers which will be held 
in San Jose. At the last meeting of the society 
Dr. Chapin said that while in Sacramento he 
had been interviewed in regard to holding the 
convention in San Jose, and he had promised 
that all necessary arrangements would be made. 
It is detinitely determined thai the Convention 
will be held on the second Tuesday in Novem- 
ber. The convention will consist of between 
four and five hundred metubers. He had fig- 
ured on the expense, and thought that ^150 
would at any rate be needed. After some further 
discussion on motions and amendments, a mo- 
tion was finally adopted that the Chair appoint 
an Executive Committee, whose duty it shall 
be to make all necessary arrangements for the 
State Horticultural Convention, and solicit 
funds to defray the expenses. The Chair ap- 
pointed as such committee Messrs. Vestal, Hol- 
land, Haynes and Taylor, On motion the 
Chair was added to the committee. 


Treatment for Chafers. 

The May bugs or cockchafers are still doing 
damage in the orange orchards. J. W. Red- 
way, of Los Angeles, writes that Mr. Cooke 
thinks the Los Angeles species may be the 
"sickly- leaf chafer" — one of the worst of the 
kind. It is now very late in the season to take 
the matter of their destruction in hand, as the 
larvaj have probably begun going into the chrysa- 
lis or pupa stage, at which time they hide them> 
selves securely in the ground. The grub or 
larva is a fat, white worm, which lives in the 
ground and makes excellent chicken feed; hence, 
a thorough cultivation of the soil about the 
tree, and a fair size brood of chickens will do 
ten times as much as an insecticide. The pupa; 
or chrysalids are not easily destroyed. The best 
way to get rid of the perfect beetle is to place 
a sheet under the tree and give the tree a good 
shaking. The beetle easily tumbles off the 
leaves and twigs, and may then be destroyed. 

A good application of salt or of copperas finely 
powdered, just before irrigation, is a fairly ef- 
fectual insecticide in case of the larva>; the bee- 
tle, which is a voracious leaf eater, must be 
picked or shaken off the tree and thrown into 
the fire, as they are generally distended with 
eggs. On this point one cannot be too par- 

The sickly-leaf chafer is not a difficult pest to 
get rid of if the orchardist goes about the work 
systematically and thoroughly. The insect nsu- 
ally drops off the leaves at night and remains in 
the ground until the sun is up next morning. 
Hence the work of destruction should take place 
during the sunny portion of the day. 

Tbe Value of Bubach. 

The fame of the California insect powder 
known as bubach, which is now grown and manu- 
factured on a large scale in the San Joaquin val- 
ley, is gaining a fine reputation at the East as 
well as on the Pacific coast. W. A. Henry, 
Professor of Agriculture at the Wisconsin 
University, writes to the Rural World as 

Ilavii.g used the pyrethrum powder for several years, 
I unhe^-italinglv reconimcnd it for the purpose claimed 
for it by its friends- It is harmless to the higher animal 
life, and death to insects. It is too expensive to be used 
in field operations, except on the higher-priced vegeta- 
bles, as cabbage, cauliflower, etc. Mix the powder with 
20 times its bulk of flour, letting it stand over night be- 
fore using, ormix with eold wati.r and apply with asprink- 
ler. Professor Cook, of the Michigan Agriculiurid Col- 
lege, found that one pound of the powder was effective in 
200 gallons of wat>«r, when applied for kil'iiig the uabhaffe 
worm. Tbe powder must touch the insect t<i be i Secl- 
ive, and loses its value if left long exposed- Its power is 
due to a volatile oil. If used intelligently, it is a won- 
derful insecticide. My wife uses it for killing house flies, 
moths, etc., with entire satisfaction. 

This experience is in accord with our own, 
Bubach is our standard remedy for house in- 
sects of all kinds, and is the neatest and readi- 
est remedy for aphis on garden plants we know 
of. It is used in large quantities by our fruit 
driers in killing the flies and moths in their 
packing rooms. The new crop is now being 
ground, and we hope there will be moie 
of it than last year, when the demand far ex- 
ceeded the supply. 

The Peacb Worm. 

The presence in the peach of a worm resemb- 
ling the larva of. the codlin moth was made 
prominent in the discussions before the Horti- 
cultural Society, which we printed last week. 
We hsve ourselves found plenty of them bur- 
rowing into the flesh of the peach, the speci- 
mens varying in size from one-quarter to onc- 
half an inch in length. This pest is becoming 
noticeable everywhere, as the following item 
from the Sacramento Bee is evidence; "The 
peaches brought to market up to this time ap- 
pear to be more or less wormy, and it would be 
well for persons to examine them before eating. 
But one or two varieties of this fruit have thni 
far been marketed, and it may be that those to 
come will be free from pests." 

Insect Display at tbe Mechanics' Fair. 

The JieeorU- Union states that Chief Horti- 
cultural Officer M. Cooke, proposes to make an 
exhibition of the various diseases of the fruit 
trees of the State and of the insects injurious to 
fruit and fruit trees at the Mechanic's fair. His 
exhibition will be a complete success, as it was 
at the State fair last year. This feature of the 
fair will appeal directly to the practical fruit 
growers of the State, and will be an important 
school in which they can study with profit the 
difficulties they have got to meet and overcome 
to achieve success in their busine s. 'fhey will 
not only learn what these difficulties are, but 
will learn how to overcome them. 

Fine Cherries. — There rests in our memory 
a deep impression of a box of superb cherries, 
assorted varieties, which came to our office 
from Dr. J. Strentrel, of Martinez, The Alham- 
bra orchard is the source whence some of the 
finest fruit comes to the bay cities, and the 
generous impulses of its owner are a continual 
source of joy to his many friends. 

A MAN known as French Joe was badly used 
up in an encounter with a bear, near Benson's 
Landing, M. T., last week. He was creeping 
up to some deer, when a bear sprang upon him 
from a clump of bushes. He managed to escape 
by feigning himself dead, but not until he had 
been badly mangled by the ferooioas beast. 

July 15, 1882.3 


Wheat Values. 

ABide from the chance of war, hardening the 
value of American wheat, there is reason enough 
in poor European crops to warrant a good price, 
even if peace should suddenly smile on the land 
of the Pharaohs. The wheat erop in England 
is passing through another season of unkindly 
skies and a larger deficiency is expected than 
existed last year. On the continent, too, there 
have been unfavorable conditions, and surpluses 
will be small and in poor condition 
unless a change comes speedily. As the subject 
is one of the greatest importance just at this 
time, we have collected such information as 
is available concerning the outlook for wheat at 
the beginning of the present month. The 
Mark Lane Express says : "The wave of cold, 
accompanied by a copious rainfall, which has 
fcwept across Europe, has given rise to complaints 
of the wheat crops haviug become lodged, and 
apprehensions in respect of the blossoming 
time. From France the reports have changed 
all at once, from confident expectation of an 
abnudant yield, to doleful apprehensions of 
ruinous disaster. Most of the French wheat 
crops were in blossom during the inclement 
weather, and extensive injury may possibly have 

The Kussian crop seemed to be in a bad way. 
The Odessa Zeitung says that in the Crimea 
the prospect of the coi n crops is very bad. In 
most places, until now, there has been no rain, 
or at most, nothing to speak of. The wheat is 
Bo bad that the farmers say the most they can 
get, by very favorable weather, is only double 
the seed sown. The same dreary prospect has 
the present appearances of the spring corn. 

In the United States there will be a good crop, 
according to the latest reports of the Department 
at Washington. A dispatch, dated July 11th, 
says : 

The condition of winter wheat averages higher than 
that of previous July returns, 104% against 83% for last 
July. The sprinpr wheat average stands 100% instead of 
30°^, as in 1881. Unless tlie proportion of wheat to straw 
should be lass than usual, or the grain be damaged after 
thrashing, the crop must prove one of the largest ever 
garnered in the country. The average condition of the 
principal winter wheat States is as follows: Ohio, 101%; 
Kentucky, 104%; Indiana, 104%; Michigan, 10C%; Illinois, 
105%; Missouri, 111%; Kansas, 110%; Pennsylvania and the 
Southern States eacii Mand at 100% or above; California, 
90%; Oregon, 105%. The spring wheat averages are as 
follows:* Wisconsin, 94%; Minnesota^ 08%; Iowa, 10*2%; Ne- 
braska. l05%; Dakota. »8%; Colorado, 98%; Maine, 101/,; 
New Hanapshire, 103%; Vermont. 94%. The liarveat of 
winter wheat on thelst of July was completed in the South, 
atid was in active progress in Kentucky and commencing 
north of the Ohio river. At this date it has reached the 
latitude of 40°, and will soon be completed. The condition 
of oats is very high, averaging 103%; lye, 101%; barley, 

This report gives California too high a place, for 
the outlook for a crop this year is certainly not 
nine-tenths of what it was a year ago. It is 
true that some districts are turning out better 
than expected, but the immense areas which 
will not return the seed put in the ground, will 
reduce the aggregate to a much lower figure 
than that indicated. 

Two EDglish Winners. 

We give on this page, portraits of two English 
horses which have made themselves famous by 
their achievements at the two greatest occasions 
on the English turf — the Derby and the Oaks. 
We take the notes descriptive of the races from 
the Rural New Yorker: 

Shotover, Winner of the Derby. 

The greatest horse race in England — the 
greatest in the world — was run at Epsom, a 
dozen miles southwest of London, on Wednes- 
day, May 24th, being the first Wednesday 
before Whitsuntide, the day always assigned to 
this grand contest of three-year-old colts and 
fillies. Owing to the day being also the Queen's 
birthday, the immense throng always in attend- 

sale in July, 1880, having brought 1,480 guineas 
(about 17,550). The chestnut filly was pur- 
ceased for the Duke of Westminster, but al- 
though she started last year as a two-year-old 
in several races, she never got "placed," so that 
nobody dreamt of her as a possible Derby win- 
ner, until she won the 2,000 guineas in April 
last; and although two days later she was de- 
feated by Marguerite for the 1,000 guinea?, 
strong expectations have since been entertained 
that she would carry off the Blue Ribbon of the 

Gehelmniss, Winner of the Oaks. 

Nexu to the Derby the great event of the 
Epsom summer meeting is the Oaks for three- 
year-old fillies, won this year, on Friday, May 
26th, by Lord Stamford's Geheimniss, Marguer- 
ite coming in a good second. The Oaks is just 
as old a race as the Derby, the last having been 


ance at the Derby, was even larger than usual. 
Just before the great race of the day the arrival 
of the Prince and Princess of Wales added to 
the hilarity and festivity of the occasion. The 
winning of the race by Iroquois last year 
— the first time the Blue Ribbon of the Turf 
was ever carried ofi' by an American — gave an 
increased interest in the event this year not only 

thelOSltime it has been run. Thelength of the 
course and the conditions of entry are the same 
as those of the Derby — 1 j miles: £50 each; half 
forfeit; the second to receive £.300 out of the 
stakes, and the third, £1.50. There were 153 
original entries, but only five started. Some of 
the most prominent oomnetitors having gone 
amiss a fetv months ago, Greheimnis 1 hicxme a 

The Pair Season. 

The opening of the Mechanics' fair will usher 
in the season of fairs. For nearly three months 
there will be industrial expositions in progress 
at different points in the State. These exhibi- 
tions are in fact industrial academies, where all 
may gain information of the general progress of 
our industries, or the achievements of individ- 
ual workers. It is a fortunate thing that the 
fairs embody also the spirit of entertainment, 
and visitors are pleased and instructed at the 
same time. There are some features of the fairs 
of to day which we do not approve, an'l it is to 
be hoped that coming years may see improve- 
ments in the policies of those who manage them. 
In their present state they do much good, and 
if more of our best citizens and legitimate pro- 
ducers would manifest an interest in the work 
of the fair societies, the evils which attend them 
might be reduced or done away. 

For the information of our readers, we give 
below a list of the coming exhibitions on this 
coast in the order of their occurrence: 

Mechanics' Institute fair in the new pavilion, San Fran- 
cisco. August 15th to September 16th. 

California State fair at Saciamento, September 11th to 
September IGth. 

Sonoma and Marin District fair at Petaluma, August 
28th to September 2 I. 

GoHon Gate District fair at Oakland, September 4th to 
September 9th. 

Butte District fair at Chico, September 5th to Septem- 
ber 8th. 

Eldorado District fair at Placerville, September fith to 
September 8th. 

San Joaquin District fair at Stockton, September 19th 
to September 23d. 

San Mateo and Santa Clara Distr.'ct fair at San Jose, 
September 26th to September :?Oih, 

Modoc, Plumas and Lassen District fair at Greenville, 
October 2d to October Sih. 

Monterey District fair at Salinas City, October 2d to 
October 6th. 

Humboldt and Mendocino District fair at Robnerville, 
September 19th to September 22U. 

Shasta and Siskiyou District fair at Yreka, October 4th 
to October 8tb. 

Santa Cruz County fair at Santa Cruz, August IGth to 
August Iflth. 

Sonoma Park Association races at Santa Rosa, August 
22d to A ugust 20th. 

Mendocino County fair at Willitsville, September 4th to 
September 10th. 

Lake County fair at , September 26th to Sep- 
tember 29th. 

We shall be pleased to hear from all the so- 
cieties, that our list may be complete in some 
future issae of onr paper, 


to Americanjvisltors in Europe, but also to thou- 
sands of Americans here at home, especially as 
two American horses — Sachem and Gerald — be- 
longing to Mr. Pierre Lorillard, the owner of 
Iroquois, were also among the fourteen contest- 
ants this year. 

Since the last "Derby" the betting on this 
race has varied greatly, as the chances of each 
of the contestants rose or fell by trials of speed 
or public rumor. At the start, however, the 
betting was 9 to 4 against Bruce; 5 to 1 
against Shotover; 6 to 1 against Quicklime; 
10 to 1 against Dutch Oven; 12 to 1 against 
Sachem, and heavier odds against the other 
nine runners. The three first horses at the 
winning post are said to have won "a place," 
and of these, none was at the head of the field 
until a couple of hundred yards from home. 
Then Quicklime shot ahead of all; but after a 
few strides. Cannon, the rider of Shotover, 
timing his efforts to a nicety, urged his horse 
ahead and won handsomely by three-quarters of 
a length. 

The winner was the highest-priced of Mr. 
Henry Chaplin's yearlings at the Newmarket 

prime favorite, the betting at the start being 
six to four on her. She won easily by two 
lengths, in 2:49, having been ridden by Cannon, 
who also rode the Derby winner. This jockey 
bought her as a yearling for 330 guineas, and 
after she had won several victories as a two-year- 
old, he sold her to Lord Stamford for 2,000 
guineas, and a share of her future winnings. 
Her two-year-old career ended with an unbeaten 
record of 7 races won. For some time she has 
been considered by most good judges the fleet 
est filly on the English turf, and the opinion is 
freely expressed that the winner of the Oaks 
could beat the winner of the Derby, an opinion 
generally thought to be confirmed by the fact 
that the Derby winner was an absentee from 
the Oaks. 

Our Wool at the East. 

The reports of the Mendocino Wool Growers 
Association, which we have printed from week'to 
week in our agricultural notes, show that the 
growers are determined to test the Eastern mar- 
ket on their own account. The action of the 
eastern buyers who visited us this spring was 
quite unsatisfactory and the market has been 
slow and prices low so that a considerable ac- 
cumulation of wool occurred. It is of course 
impossible to say what will ba the result of the 
eastern shipments, but the experiment is cer- 
tainly one which ought to be tried when our 
best wools do not bring here the equivalent of 
the rate announced at the East. There is how- 
ever no little risk attending the venture. 

There are some indications that the wool 
growers' experiment is to be made at a time 
when the outlook is favorable for success. The 
wool market has been persistently talked down 
by the eastern authorities below what the facts 
seemed to warrant, and it can now be shown 
that the trade has been greater than was claimed 
and that the outlook is good for a substantial 
maintenance of values if no great advance is to 
be expected. The circular of Walter Brown & 
Co., of Boston, for July lst,sbows that a strong 
undertone of actual use has prevailed in spite of 
the cries of dullness. It says: 

The volume of business this week has been larger than 
that of last, the sales aggregating 2,312.000 lbs of foreign 
and domestic, against a total of 1,637,700 for the previous 
week. The amount of the sales is, we think, a surprise 
to many, as the inquiry has been light and the general 
tone of the market quiet. Prices have been well main- 
tained; we can quote no change in them, and the prevail- 
ing impression is that there will be no changes from cur- 
rent values during the next few weeks. Notwithstanding 
the dull mirket and unsatisf.ctory business which has 
been experienced this spring, the amount of business for 
the first six months of this year is slightly larger than for 
the corresponding time last year; and the Boston Daily 
j4c/oi'r;/s<'r, which gives as reliable statistics as could be 
Collated, reports the total amount of sales in this market 
for the first C months of this year at 52,142.886 lbs, against 
50,905,459 lbs for the corresponding time last year, or an 
increase of 1,237,527 Iba, which shows the consumption of 
woo;, judging by the sales, for there has been almost no 
speculation, and despite the extremely depressed state of 
llie woolen goods market, has held its own, and has 
slightly increased. The demand still continued the best 
for fine wools, although there has been a little more in- 
quiry for the finer grades of medium. In the delaine and 
fine combing wools nothing of consequence has been done, 
but these grades will sell freely when thei e is any selec^ 
tion of them in the market, the present stocks being 
mostly what has been left from last year's wools, and are 
therefore in small quantities. Fine washed wools are sell- 
ing well, and their values are nominally unchanged, a few 
of the choice clips or extra condition bringing the highest 
quotations. The reports from the London auction sales 
continue favorable, and the piices on fine wools are higher 
at the close of these sales than they were at the opening. 
Wo len goods have m.xintained the improvement previ- 
ously noted, and the prospects for the future are brighter, 
we think, than they were a few weeks ago. 

This shows that the improvement and the 
promise lies in the line of the best fine wools, 
and this is just the commodity which our Men- 
docino growers propose to send forward. We 
trust their enterprise will be rewarded. 

War and Wheat. 

Among the items agreed upon in the Sundry 
Civil bill Saturday, were the following: For 
the Benicia arsenal for completing the erection 
I of a machine and armory shop, and the rebuild- 
I ing of the blacksmith and carpenter shops, $50,- 
[000; for the purchase of a steam engine, $5,600; 
to complete repairs on the wharf, $8,000. 

On Tuesday morning the guns of the British 
fleet opened fire upon the fortificat'ons of Alex- 
andria, and again war has been carried into 
Africa. The unruly Egyptians uprose against 
the foreigners and committed many outrages. 
Eagland could gain no surety that such out- 
rages would cease, nor could she gain access to 
the country to restore peace by the presence of 
her forces. The result was that notice was 
given of the bombardment of the city, and on 
Tuesday morning all the foreign steamers, ex- 
cept the British, moved from their berths and 
steamed out of the harbor of Alexandria. The 
merchant steamers presented no regular order, 
but the war ships of the various nations 
steamed out in squadrons, saluting as they 
passed the British Admiral's flag. The bind 
played national airs. Scarcely a breath of air 
was blowing. The various ensigns drooped 
against the mists. The bright eastern sky 
overhead, the deep blue sea, the white-clothed 
crews clustering on the rigging, and the knowl- 
edge of the change which would soon take 
place, rendered the stately procession of war 
ships extremely impressive. The merchant 
steamers were all crowded with refugees — 
those who had held on to the last in hopes that 
matters would not come to an extremity. 
Thus left alone with the defiant city, the streets 
of which had been stained by the blood of Brit- 
ish citizens, the British Admiral opened fire, 
and thus declared war with Egypt. There is 
no reason to expect much of a contest, unless 
other powers should be engaged, but there is a 
chance that a general disturbance may result 
and a war of some magnitude, perhaps, ensue. 

The chief interest which pertains to the oc- 
currence at present is the prospective effect 
upon our produce markets. It will appreciate 
the value of our wheat in a marked degree and 
may yield us more money for a light crop than 
we might otherwise get for a heavy one. War 
always raises prices of food supplies and in the 
present case there are wide chances for fluctua- 
tion. The English home crop is rather light 
and is now experiencing very unfavorable 
weather. The uprising in Egypt will also re- 
sult in the stoppage, if not the destruction of, 
the Suez Canal, unless peace is speedily achieved. 

The close of the Suez Canal will hinder the 
transportation of Indian wheat, the supply of 
which has become a constant factor in English 
prices. It would seem that there is a good 
chance for a very satisfactory sale of our wheat 
and it is to be hoped that the benefit thereof 
will rebound to the growers rather th»n the 




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While the Beneficial Effects of its Mineral Waters arc 
equal to any in the United States or Kurope. 


Aailyied by Prof. W. B. Eisiig, Univoreity cf California. 

Tkhpsrati'rx M5 

Grains per 
V. a. Gallon. 

Chloride of Sodium 1.2fl0 

Bicarbonate of PiJtash 0..M4 

Bicarbonate of Soda 21.703 

Bicarbonate of Lime 60 411 

Bicarbonate of Magneeia 70.243 

Bicarbonate of Iron 0.973 

Bicarbonate of Manganese trace 

Silica 7 3«8 

Alumina O.ICU 

Organic Matter trace 

Free Carbonic Acid 74 462 

Total 237.262 

W. B. UmiNa, Berkeley, April 3, 18(i2. 

Dr. C M. Batrs (formerly of San Francisco), having 
become sole propiietor, by purchase and lease, of these 
justly celebrated Springs, will devote all necessary lime 
and attention to persons icquiring the use of th" waters. 

Oood Hotel and Cottage Accommodations. 
Carriajres, Buggies and Saddle Horses 
Furnished at Reasonable Rates. 

Cloverdale and Lakeport stage stops at hotel daily. 
Post Office and Telephone connected with hotel. 

Direct Route via San Kafael and Cloverdale 7:10 a. .m., 
will arrive at Springs fi:30 p. ». 

By steamer "D<>NAHUE," via Donahue Landing. 2:30 
p. M., will remain over night in Clo\erdale; and via Napa 
and Calistoga, 8:00 A. M. 

On Tnesdayn, Tharsdayg and Saturdays 
Will be met at Kelseyville with private conveyance, if 

For further particulars, address 


Highland Springs, Lake Co. (via Cloverdale). 


Lake County, Cal. 



These Springs are particularly lieneflcial in purifying the 
lilootl, and unsurpasded by Any iu the Stnte for the cure of 

rheuniat'sni, ilropsy. Hciofnla. weak lutigs, tlysin-peia. costive* 
iiess. catarrli. livt-r and kidney oniplaitits, ^.nd all kinds uf 
diseases arising from impurity of tlie blood, (lord lliintiuK 
and Fishing. Board :iuii K >oni iwr week. >'10 and sl2 

The ADAMS Si'UlXCM are located in the l»inu Mount- 
ains of Lalte County. Cahif rnia, atxiut ei^bt miles eoutu of 
Ckar Lake, two and unc-half miles from the Siegler.Sfiri tigs, 
two and one-halt miles fr<ini ' Ilassett's" place, iu Cohb Val- 
ley, only aix miles (by a good trail) from the Harbin Hot 
tiulphur Springs, and twenty L-ight mik-s from Calibtoga. 

ConncctiouK made with Lakeport Stages at Calistoga. 
Tuesdays. ThuradayB aud SaturdayB. tlirough in one day. 
Fare, 5)0. The Hi^lcl and CottaKes aie thoroughly reno- 
vated, and the nt;w pr-'prietcrR will do tverithing in their 
power to make their vititora comlortable. 


L.4KF. f'Or\Tl', r.iL. 

The Springs are now oi>en for the reception of cruestii. 
StL jea Itave CaUstoga daily, on arrival ol morolug trains 
from San Francisco and 8acramento. Sta^e Fare Keduoed 
K) »S RIOHAED WILLIAMS, Proprietor. 




SODA BAY. on Clear Lake. Lake county, Cal., the favor- 
ite lacustrine resort, is justly regarded as comlnning greater 
advantages and affording more attractivf and interesting 
natural leaturefl than any t.ther watering place in tb:; State. 
The c.imate, as a relief from the severe winds of the coant. 
is invaluable for the health of cbihlreu and delicate persons 

-indeeed, for all rei^uiring the change demanded annually 
by the residents of San Francisco, labile entiiely free from 
the fog. the wind and ihe chil! of the sea coast, the climate 
is greatly modified from the heat of the interior by the prox- 
imity of the beautiful lake, upon the margni of which, for a 
distance of two uiiKs the grounds are extended. A splen- 
did grove of live o;ik, pine and manzanita tree**, of great age 
aud gigantic growth. aff«)rds the most delightful shade. A 
beautiful bathing beach offers the choicest facilities for 
aquatic pastiuie, farir()m the danger of tbe sea ^tirf or chill. 

TheOreat Si.riug-Indian name. OMAR ACH HAH-BEE. 
emitting not less than a millii'U gallons daily, ot delicious 
effervescing poda water, is one of the most interesting natu 
ral curiosities of Oallfotnia. and the bath in its exhilarating 
fountain has an electrical effect that is as delightful as it is 
beautiful. Kxtracrdinary solfataric action an around the 
shore of the bay, due to the presence of innumerable min- 
eral epriugs and cheaiical action upon a vastly extended 
scale, has given the place the name by which it is known- 
Soda Bay. 

I)ailir excursions are made to Borax Lake, Sulphur ItaubH. 
and other points uf interest. A new trail leads to the sum- 
mit of I'ucle ham. 4.400 ft, above the sea. 

Ample provisions are made for the eutertainroent of the 
patrons of this popular resort The Hotel and the cottages 
are furnished with comfort and taste. Among the diversions 
of the place arc boating and sailing -yacht and sttamer, 
bowling, billiards, eroMUet, cipiestriau exercise, fishing and 
hunting, and a beautiiut pavilion for music and dancing; in 
short, nothing is lacking for the enjoyment of thi)Se who 
feek rest and recuperation or interestiog and healthful re- 
creation beneath the shady oaks and liy ihe ever beautiful 
lake, in a climate which, for health and for comfort, is ac- 
knowledged to be unsurpassed, if. indeed. C'lualed In the 
world. Billiards, croquet, teu pin-s. aud baths, free. 

To rcich Soda Bay from San Francisco, go by train to 
Calistoga or Cloverdale. thence by stage to Kelseyville, at 
whieli place acarria;^e from the hotel will meet passengers. 
Through time, 11 hours For further infoimation address, 
A. K. GREGG. Uncle Sam P. O.. Lake Co.. Cal. 

Calaveras Big Trees, 


J. L. SPBRRY, - - Proprietor. 

Tourists can find at the Calaveras Group larger, taller 
and a jireater number of Big Trees than can be found in 
all other crovts of California combined. 

THE MAM.VIOIII OKOVK llOTEL is situated right in 
the Calaveras Grove. This grove contains 93 if these 
giants of the forest. 


Is six miles distant, and contains 1,380 Bie Trees of im- 
mense size. Tois grove has been inaccessible to visitors 
until fjuite recently. A good horseback road now con- 
uecls the two groves There is the finest trout Hshing 
and hunting in the immediate vicinity. 

Those seeking health or pleasure can f^nd the very best 
climate in California, and flrsl-claes hotel accomodations. 

Fare from San Fra cisco. $11; from Stockton, 88. Leave 
Stockton at 8 o'clock a. m. ; by rail to Milton. Thence by 
staue coach to Trees- -tame day. 

Stage to and from Vosemke leaves and arrives daily. 

No. 3 niontifomery St., 8.F. 


situated 16 Miles Northeast of Clear Lake, 
In Lake County, 

Forty miles West of Williamp, Colusa county, on the 
main traveled road from Colusa to Mendocino. 

Three Different Routes to the Springs, 

PORT and rpPER I AKE, one via CALISTOGA aud 
LOWER LAKE, and all connecting with the train 


Fare will not exceed TWELVE Dollars either way. 
Daily Mail via LAKEP. RT, Semi-weekly mail via WIL- 
LIAMS. Post Office, Express Ottice and Telegraph Office 
here all tbe year through. 

J. C CKlGLEli, Proprietors. 



Nineteen miles from Calistoga, Napa coun'y. Five 
miles from Middli ton, and ten miles from the (IREAT 
GEYSERS, between whuh and Anderson Springs, there 
are good Wagon Roads. 

Hot Sulphur and Steam Baths 

For tbe Cure of Rheumatism, Paralysis, 
St. Vitus' Dance, Dropsy, lite. Cold 
Sulphur for Dyspepsia Diseases of 
the Stomach ana Kldneye. 

Seciicry liisuri)as.sfil. Climate Mild and Equable. 

Consumptives generally improved in health, and asth- 
matics are invariably relieved. Trout Fiehing in the 
grounds. Deer hunting in the immediate vicinity. New 
Cottages for the Letter acconmiodation of gtiehts. Cook- 
ing good. 


Remarkable Cure cf Dropsy. 

A'ai.i.bjo, .lune, 1S>*2. 
1 suftercil intensely with ilropsy, and was induced by 
Mr. Edgecomb to try Anderson's Springs, he having been 
cured there, after tutder^oing frightful agonies, being 
tapped three times before he reached there; and I am 
deeply grateful for taking his atlvice, for such a benefi- 
cial effect had the Springs on me, that I am now entirely 
cured, and advibe all who may Le sufTerini,' to try Ander- 
son's Springs. Katb Mackat. 
Sight Restored. 
A candid and well-known gentlemen of San Francisco 
certifies briefiy as follows: 

May HI, 1S82. 

"I was cured of irtlammation of the eyis at Anderson's 
Springs, Lake county." M. J. Dursrv, \1'< Brannan St.,S.F. 

Many other cases of Dropsy and Paralysis, Rheumatism, 
Swelling of Liinos, and various other obstinate cases of 
chronic diseases have been cured from year to year, at the 
above-named springs, which are located in L^ke county, 
10 miles from Calistoga. Special regard is paid to the 
diet of guests, who are liberally furnished with good 
home cooking, etc send for further information. Address 

Anderson's Springs, Lake Co , - via Calistoga, Cal. 

Pacific Coiigress Springs. 

This Celebra'ed Resort for PLEiLSURE and HEALTH 
will be opened for the reception of guests 
On and after April 15tb. 

Stage connections made at LOS 0.\rOS with MORN- 
ING and AFTERNOON trains of the Narrow-gauge Rail- 


Can be purchased at FERRY LANDING, foot of Market 
street, San Francisco, PRICE, S!i.75 

And ariangements made at any time by addressing 

IiSWIS A. sAau, 

Saratofra, Cal. Proprietor. 

Lane's Mineral Springs, 



and Hemlock Chemical-Vap>or 
Electro-Thermal Baths. 


Connected with these .Hpriogs are Hot and C<ild Baths. 
The Water of tbene Springs Is Cold, Clear an<l Palatable, 
having i>een used 20 years for Medical purprsea. 

These Fountains of Health are located 35 miles east of 
Stockton, in the foothills of tbe Sicria.s; at an altitude of 
1,000 fiet above the level of the sea Always ready. Winter 
aud Suiniuer, for the leceptiun of raticntst, f>n account of 
the even teniperatiirc of thin most genial climate. 

The accotuu odations consist of a Hotel, Cottages, Camp 
Grounds a jd Stables. 

Sta^e leaves Cniumercial Hotel, Stockton, at 7 a. m., 
Tuesdays and Saturdays. 

F. 0. Address, Esight's Ferr^, Stulslau: Co., Cal- 

JAMES HUTCHINS, Proprietor. 


Te*eKi-a|ih luRtitiite uoil N< niml School Coriu-r Hunter 
slret't and Miner Aveme. Stockton. Cal. Largeist School of 
its kitul Oil this Upon day cvetiing. Tititic n and 
fxpenpes leRn than one-half tht- usual rate K.xcellent board, 
:*I0 |ar month. < oursea of Stmly; Full BuHiot-rts Connie. 
Kull'Nornial Conrst-, Hevluw Coursf. Sprcial Courst-!*. Teach 
ers' Coursf. Preparatory Courne, Tel^grapy, Languages The 
ColUgL' JuurDuI, cunlHtoing full information, wilt be a«nt 
pOBt paid t(> any aUdress. V, K. CLARK« I'riuclpal* 


Oakland, Cal. 

Rkv II. E. J»wi!rr. 


Mission Rock Dock and Grain Warehoi se. 

San Francisco, Cat 
06,OOO tons capacity. Storage at loweet rata 
Oflloe— 818 CalUomla Street, BOOM 8. 

This Institntion. heretofore known as (iolden (iate Acad? 
emy. will open Tuesday j>. M , .Inly 18, IS82. The building 
and grounds are undergoing exteutiive improvements. 

Cla«Bical, Literary and Kuglifeb cour.«es. TelejrrapUy 
taught. Boys and youDK men received, .^^nd for prosne'c* 
tiiBio H. v.. ituWV.TT, frlni'lpHl. 


San Francisco 


In Eleven Hours. 

Passenirers leave San Francisco via C. P. R. R., at S a. 
M.; arrive at Calistoija 11:15 A. m . Leave Calistoifa at 12 
M. daily (Sundays excepted); arrive at Lake|>ort in even- 
ing. On Tuesduys, Thursdays and Saturilays, stages leave 
Calistoga 'or Lakeport via Miudleton, Gleobrook, Kelgey- 
\ ille and Soda Bay; ReturninK alternate days. 

This is the Most Di ect Line from 
San Francisco to Lakeport. 

Most Picturesque an^ Romantic Route on the Coaat. 
From Mt. St. Helena it otf.>rds the traveler a view of the 
famed Napa and hussian River Valleys and the Coaat 
Rani;e; and from CoOb Mountain to the f^reat Clear Lake 
Kejfion in front and the Pacific i>ecan in tbe rear. This 
line connects with stages for Anderkon, Adams, Sieeler, 
Howard Springs apd Soda Ilaf . On Mondays, Wednes* 
days and Fridays stages leave Calistoga at 12 h for Mid- 
dleton, Guenoc, Lower Lake, anu Sulphur Banks; retorn- 
ing alternate days. This line connects at Lower Lake 
with stages for Siegler, Howard, Adams and the c debrated 
Bartlett Springs. These lines are stocked with fine 


Driven by the moat skillful drivers on theeoast. For full 
information and tickets apply to SAM. MILLBB. 

Tourist and Ticket Agl , 
2 New Montgomery St., Palace Hotel. 

/O'Uound Trip Tickets to Lakeport and Return, $12.*^ 
Single Tickets. tCV). 
Lakeport office at W. W. Green's Hotel. 
John Clark, Agent. W. F. Fisiiin, Proprietor. 


A No. 3, 7x10 Ames Engine, in use only one season. 

In thorough repair, will be sold cheap. 

1 k 4Ca)ifon)i>Bt.,8. P 

July 15, i88i.] 


six linos or Ibss In this Directory atSO ots a line fet month. 


WILLIAM NILBS, Los Angeles, Cal. Thorough- 
bred Poultry, Cattle and Hogs. Write for circular. 

PETEK SAXB & SON, Lick House, 8. F. Importers 
and Breeders lor past eleven yearg. Berkshires, 
"Jerseys," "Short Horns," and all varieties of Sheep, 
ai.d their grades. 

Station, a. F. & N. P. R. R., Sonoma County. Wilired 
Page, Mana<{er. P. O. address, Petaluma, Cal. Short 
Horn Bulls and Cows, Spanish Merino Bucks and Ewes, 
for sale at reasonable fl^jures. 

SYLVESTER SCOTT, Cloverdale, Sonoma Co., Cal., 
Breeder of Recorded Thoroughbred Short Horn Cattle 
and Spaiiisii Mei ino Sheep. Jacks and Jennets for sale- 
at reasonable fixures. 

ROBT. BECK, San Francisco. Breeder of Thorough- 
bred Jersey catile. Herd took Six Premiums of the 
eleven offered at State Fair, 1881. 


Unscrupulous Persons Envious of the Fame and World-wide Reputation Fairly Won by 


Are, by fraudulently imitating the style of packages even to forgiug the very Trade Mark of the Imperial, endeavoring to 

put upon the market 


Under a name ao similar to the Imperial as to be easily mis*aken for it at first sight. We take this means of cautionin 
our numerous customers agaiost tne fraud until the law ha' time to take the perpetrators into its own keeping. 
The Imperial Kgg Food is now used in every part of tbe United States, and its sale oa this coast is simply wonderful, 
ur order book showing that every customer contiuues to order, while every letter received is a testimonial for the Im- 
peual. Numerous preparation? have from time t J time appeared called "Egg Foods," but as they did not conflict iu 
name or trademark, were perfectly allowable, and, after due time, failing in their purpose, passed out of the market, 
while the Imperial continued to gai n favor everywhere. In purchasing, see that you get THE I MPERIAL and none other, 
matter how nearly similar iu name and appearance. Send for Circulars and Testimonials. 


1 Pound PacliaRe. 50 Cents. 
2ii •• " $1.00, 

Sold by the trade generally, or address, 

G. G. WICKSON, 319 Market St., S. F. 

GEO. BBMBNT, Redwood City, San Mateo Co., Cal. 
Breeder of Ayrshire Cattle. Several line young Bulls, 
Yearlings and Calves For Sale. 

R. MCBWESPY, Chico, Butte Co., Cal. Breeder of 
Thorou^thbred Uevons 

B. F. FISH, Santa Clara, Cal. Breeder of thorough- 
bred Jersey Cattle ana Black Hawk Comet horses. 


B. A. SACKRIDER, 326 Eleventh St., Oakland, 
Cal Impdrter of Norman-Percheron horses. Horses 
on hand and for sale at reasonable terms. 


That the public should know that for the past ELEVEN years our SOLE BUSINESS has been, and now is, importing 
(OVER 100 CARLOAD.';) and breeding improved Live Stock— Horses JackB, .Short Horns, Ayrshirea and Jerseys (or 
Alderneys) and their grades: also ALL THE VARIETIES of breeding Sheep and Hogs We an supply any and all good 
animals that may be wanted, and at VERY REASONABhE PRICKS and on CONVENIENT TERMS. Write or call on 
LICK HOUSE, San Francisco, Cal., October 22, 1881 PETER SAXE & HOMER P. SAXE. 



Lk U. SHIPPEE, Stockton, CaL Importer and 
Breeder of Spanish Merino Sheep. Durham Cattle, Bg- 

aex and Berkshire Swine. High Graded Rams for sale. 

J. B. HOYT, Bird's Landing, Solano Co., Cal. Breeder 
and Importer of Shropshire Sheep. Rams and Ewes 
(or sale. Also, cross-bred Merino and Shropshire. 

E. W. WOOLiSEY & SON, Fulton, Sonoma Co., 
Cal. Importers and Breeders of choice Thoroughbred 
Spanish Merino Sheep. City ottice, No. 118 California 
St., S. F. 


TOULiOUSB GlSESB at $15 per pair; $20 per trio; 
Eggs, $8 per dozen. Bronze Turkeys, $10 per pair; Eggs 
$4 per dozen. Address T. D. Morris, Sonoma, Cal. 
breeder and importer of all kinds of thoroughbred 

T. WAITS, Brighton, Sacramento Co., Importer and 
Breeder ol Thoroughbred Poultry. Took Premiums at 
State Fair, 1880 and 18»l,of Leghorns, Brown and White, 
S.S. Hamburg, Plymouth Rocks and Pekin Dnck'sEggs 
$3 per dozen. 

MRS. M. E. NBWHALL, San Jose, Cal. Bronze 
Turkeyc, brown and White Leghorns, Plymouth Rocks, 
Pekm Ducks. 

H. S. SARGENT, Stockton, Cal. Importer, Breeder 
and Shipper of Poland China Pigs.ana Bronze Turkeys 

Li. C. BTCE, Peialuma, Cal. Breeder of Thorough- 
bred Poultry. Illustrated circular free. 

$30. No. 1011 Broadway, Oakland. Send for circular 

I. L. DIAS, Box 242, Petaluma, Cal., manufacturer new 
Petaluma incubator. Send for circular and references, 


JOHN RIDER, Sacramento, Cal. Breeder of Thor- 
oughbred Berkshire Swine. My stock of Hogs are all 
recorded in the American Berkshire Record. 

TYLER BEACH, San Jose. Cal. Breeder of thor- 
oughbred Berkshires of stock imported by Gov. Stanford 


J. D- EN AS, Sunnyside, Napa, Cal., Breeds Pure 
Italian Queen Bees. Comb Koundation. 



Spanish l^erino 


First Premium Flock for Four Years. Two hundred 
head for sale cheap for cash, or on terms to suit custo 
mera. aar Orders promptly filled! 


Address, E. W. PEET, Manager, Haywards, Alameda 
Co., Cil. Box 1164. 



Price Reduced 


Twenty gallons o' flu 
mixed with cold waier will 
make 1,200 gallons Dip. 

Apply to FALKNER, 
BELL & CO., San Francisco 


Twcn'y (20) head of Thoroughbred BERKSHIRE PIGS 
from six (8, weeks to three (3) months old. Can furnish 
males from different herds of equall.^ good stock. Apply 
to G. M., 3f» Clay street, S. F. 

To Fis h R aisers. 

I am DOW ready to sell Carp which were Imported by \ 
bom Oermany iu 1872, is lote (o suit. Addrees 

J. A. POPPB, Sonomit, Oal. 



6 Pound Box, $2 00, 
25 " Keg-, 6 24. 

Oakland Poultry Yards, 

Cor. 17tb and Castro Sta., Oakland, Cal. 


Importer and Breeder of all the best known and most 
profitable varieties of Land and Water Fowls. 

Brahmas, Cochins, Houdans, Langshans, 
Leghorns', Polish Hamburgs, 
Bronze Turkeys, 
And the new fowl, AMERICAN SEBRIGHT or EUREKA. 


No. 1, Capacity, 550 Eggs, Price, $90. 
No. 2, •• 250 •■ ■; 65. 

No- 3, " ISO •' " 45- 

Guaranteed to hatch NINETY PER CENT, of all fertile 
eggs; 9,000 chickens successfully reared from two of these In- 
cubators last season. For fiu-ther particulars send stamp 
for illustrated circular to tiE«. It. BAYLtl 

Box 1771, San Francisco. 



An English Veterinary Surgeon and Chemist, now 
traveling in this country, says tliat most of the Horse 
aiid Cattle Powders sold here are worthless trash. He 
says that Sheridan's Condition Powders are absolutely 
pure and immensely valuable. Nothing on earth will 
make hens lay like Sheridan's Condition Powders. Doaa. 
one teasuoontul to one Dint food. Sold every where, or sent 
by mail for eight letter stamps 1. S. .TOHNSON & Co., 
BobtuD, Mass , formerly Bangor, Me. 


Of Galifornia, 


Authorized Capital, - $1,000,00 . 

In 10,000 Shares of $100 each. 

Capital Paid up in Gold Coin, $531,200. 

Reserve Fund and Paid up stock, 31,178. 


A. D L0OA.N Vice-President 

ALBERT MONTPELLIEE Oaahler and Manager 



JOHN LEWELLING, President Napa Oo 

J. H. GARDINER Rio Vista 

T. E. TYNAN Stanialaua Co 

URIAH WOOD Santa Clara Oo 

J. C. MERYFIELD Solano Oo 

H. M. LARUE Yolo Co 

I. C. STEELE San Mateo Co 

THOS. McCONNELL Sacramento Co 

C J. CRESSEY Merced Co 


A. D. LOGAN Colusa Oo 

CURRENT ACCOUNTS are opened and conducted in the 
usual way, bank books balanced up and statements of ao- 
counts rendered every month 

LOANS ON WHEAT and country produce a specialty. 

COLLECTIONS throughout the Country are made 
promptly and proceeds remitted as directed. 

GOLD and SILVER deoosics receiveu 

CERTIFICATES of DEPOSIT issued payable on 

TERM DEPOSITS are rectlved and interest allowed as 
follows: 4% per annum if left for 6 months; 5/^ per annum it 
left for 12 months. 

BILLS OF EXCHANGE of the Atlantic States bought 
and sold. 

Cashier and Manager. 

San Francisco. Jan. 15. 18J2. 


Impoiters and Breeders of THOROUGHBRED 

Lands for Sale and to Let. 


Choije RaMS and EWES for Wale. Ranch at Fulton, 
Sonoma county, Cal , and N. P. R. K. DIRECT TO THE 
RANCH, via Guerneville Branch at Fulton. Address, 
B. W. WOOLISEY & SON, Fulton, Sonoma Co., 
Cal., or 418 Califonna St , S. F. 

My Berkshires are Thoroughbred, and selected with 
great care from the best herds of imported stock' in the- 
United States and Canada, and for individual merit cane 
not be excelled. My breeding stock are recorded in the 
"American Berkshire Record," where none but pure bred 
HoKS are admitted. Pigs sold at reasonable rates. Cor- 
respondence solicited. 

18th and A Streets, Sacramento City, Cal. 


Calvert'8 Carbolic 


$.i per Gallon. 

After dipping the Sheep, is use- 
ful for preserving wet hides, de- 
stroying the vine pest, and for 
wheat dressings and disinfecting 
purposes, etc. T. W. JACKSON. 
S. F., Sole Agent for Pacific Coast. 


Langshans, Cochins, Brah- 
mas, Leghorns, Plymouth 
Rocks, Dorkings, Pekin and 
Rouen Ducks, Bronze Tur 
keys. Etc. 

I have a large stock of the 
above varieties for sale cheap -^i 

considering the quality of | j 

the slock. My Birds are raised on large farms, where 
they have unlimited range, giving them a 

Which is very desirable in any Breeding Stock. 

For further information send ;! cent stamp for new cir- 
cular and price list, to 

R- G. HEAD, Napa, Cal. 

Fruit, and Homestead Lands 


Having purchased the tract of land adjoining the town 
of Vaoaville, known as the Mason-Wil-jon tract, contain- 
ing -102 acres, and subdivided the same, I am prepared to 
sell from five acres upwards, as desired. 

This land being located in Vaca Valley, known for its 
early and superior fruits, offers valuable inducements to 
those desiring to engage in the business, or for pleasant 
country homes. 

For climate, healthfulness and school facilities it is un- 
surpassed in the State, and easy of access by a branch 
railroad from Elmira. 

I will sell upon favorable terms. For particulars 
Apply to W- B. PARKER. 

VacavlUe, Solano, Co., Cal- 

Good Crops Every Season 
Witliout Irrigation. 

Free by mail, specimen number of *'Thp Ciili/ornin Real 
Enlotf ICjjchanne and Mart," full of reliable information on 
climate, productions, etc., of 


Address "Sj-f/iaTii/f <f 7l/ur(," .Sauta Cruz, Cal. 


Oue of the best and well-known fariiiB 
in A'amtda Count>; near statloii; all 
I' vel yiottom land; very jiroductive. Two 
I iionsand acTts at the luw price of $00 
I ' 1 acii'. not including the present crop, 
i,vt;i $;3j per acre. Terms, Gaab, 
Ol [tart deferied payinentg. low Interest. 

410 MoDtgomery St. 


ELIAS GALLUP, Hanford, Tulare Co., Cal 

Breeder of i-ure bred Poland I hina pigs of the Black 
Beauty, Black B.-ss, Bismarck, and other noted famines. 
Imported boars. King of Bonny View, and Gold Dust at 
head of the hoid. Stock recorded in A. P. C- R Pigs sold 
at reasonable rates. Correspondence so.ioited. Address as 



Free from Poison. Prepared by 
the Italian Government Co. 
Cures thoroughly the 


The BEST and CHEAPEST rem- 

edy known. Reliable testimoniala ot our office. 

Has been Applied in Destroying the 
Phylloxera and Garden Bugs 
with Success. 

For particulars apply to CHA . . DUI9ENBERG fi CO 
Sole Agents, 314 Sacramento St., San Francisco. 



For sale in lots to suit at low pi ices. 
Cornwall Station, Contra Costa County- 


Baden Station, - - San Mateo Co-, 

Breeder of Short Horn Ca'tic, Dairy Cows and Berkshire 
Pigs. Cotalogues on application. 


LARGE SIZE New Chromos, with name, 10c. 
TODD & CO., lat« Wise 4 Co., Clintonville, Conn 



E. A. SCOTT & CO., 

Sole Importers and Dealers for the Pacific. 

P. 0. Box 293, Sacramento, Cal. 

Circulars furnished on application. 

A farm of 418 acres, 8 miles southeast from Martinez, 
in Contra Costa county. Substantial improvements; well 
adapted to grain and stock- Re erence, Judge Brown, 
Berry Baldwin, or S. Bennet, Martinez, and the proprie- 
tor on the place, WM. C- PRINCE. 

Stock Range. 

Parties wishing to purchase good stock raising lands, 
unaffected by severe drouths, will do well to address the 
undersigned. The lands can be purchased cheap, in lots 
from 100 to 2,000 acres. It is partly low table and 
rolling land, partly clear and level. Oood for vine and 
fruit raising. Will raise vegetables and all kinds of 
grain. Crops certain every year. Near town and a 
$10,000 public school house. Price, ^3 to $5 per acre. 
Oood local market for fruit, vegetables, grain, poultry 
and dairy produce. Address the proprietor, 


Anderson, Shasta Co., Cal. 


About 28,000 acres of the San Cristobal grant, located 
in Santa Fe county. New M.!xico. Is one of the Onest 
stock ranches in the Territory. It is well watered, and 
is only abjUt six miles from a railroad s ation. It con- 
tains a I irge tract of iirigable land, a large house, thrifty 
orchard, etc. Price $35,000, on easy terms. Title, U. 8. 

For further information call upon or address, 8. N. 
LAUOHI.IN, Castroville, Monterey County, Cal, 



[July »5i i88a 


FRESH MEAT— The meat market movee along about 
ta last week. 

ONIONS- -There has been a decline of 10c per ctl all 

POT.VTOES— Potatoes are unchanged. 
POULTRY— Hena are doing better, and Turkeys are Ic 

PROVISIONS— All Pork products are in the ascendent. 
Bacon and Hams are Ic higher per lb, and the trade la ac- 

VEOETABLES-Our Uble of prices shows a general 

WHBAT -Wheat is worth ."ic more than last week, and 
the feeling is strong. Sales on the Produce Exchange 
were 200 tons No. I White, September, Jl.T.l, and W> 
August, $1.75. Bids and offers were: No. 1 White, July, 
»l.71i bid; October, S1.7H bid, $1.: 4 asked; November, 
*1.73 bid; No. 2 White, July, 81 6>* bid; August, 81 6!t bid, 
$1 70 asked; No. 1 Amber, July, 81.70 bid. On the after- 
noon call sales were ;'50 extra choice, July, Port Coata, 
$1 7.">, and loO No. 1 White, September, 81 7.5. For extra 
choice, spot, $1.75 was bid. At the Grain Exchange the 
brokers did a rattling business of l,2.'i0 tons, as follows: 
SOO No. 1, August, $174!; 500, September, $1.75; 200 
Port Costa, 81.744; 100 No. 2, July, $1.68; 450, September, 
$l.e3J; 700, tl.6i; 100, $1.0SJ; 100, $1.68}; 200, $l.G7}; 
100, October, $1.68; 000, $1.68; 300, $1.C73; COO, Novem- 
ber, $1.68. 

WOOL— Dealers report a little more inquiry, but light 
transactions as yet. Prices are unchanged. 

Oener&l Merchandise. 

Domestio Prodnoe. 


Wkdnehday M., 


Bayo. ctl 3 00 @3 2o 

Butt^. 3 75 Si 25 


..3 50 ®4 00 
4 OO @4 25 
2 60 C<>3 00 
2 60 i?3 00 


Large White 3 25 @3 60 

Small White 4 00 @4 25 

Lima 4 00 (34 50 , 

EieldPeas.b'lkeyel 5 m 75 I Early Rose, 
do green.. 2 GO (82 25 Petaluma, ctl 

Southern 3 @ 

Northern 4(9 o 


California 4^ 4i 

German " 



Cal. Fresh Rail. lb. 29 (s? 30 

do Fancy Brands. 30 @ 31 

Pickle Roll - ® - 

Firkin, new 28® 29 

Eastern 18 @ 20 

New York — (8 - 


Cheese, CaL, n>... 12J(3 14 


CaL Freeh, doz... 27J@ 30 

Ducks — @ — 

Oregon ~s ~ eipras — @ — 

Pickled here — @ — 

Utah — @ - 


Bran, ton 13 00 ;dl4 50 

Com Meal @3U 00 

Hay 10 00 (!*15 00 

.liil; 12. 1882. 

BrazU 10 @ 11 

Pecans 13 @l 15 

Peanuts 6^(9 7 

FUberts 14 ^ 16 


Red 35 (<* 40 

SilversHn. — @ 75 

Oregon — @ — 

New, ctl 75 (gl 12} 


Humboldt — (& - 

'• Kidney - @ - 

" Peachblow.. — @ — 

Jersey Blue — @ — 

Cufley Cove — (* — 

River, red — @ — 

Chile — (8 — 

do. Oregon — @ — 

Oregon Peerless.. — @ — 

Salt Lake - @ — 

Sweet — (g — 


Hens, doi 7 00 @ 8 00 

Roosters 5 50 (310 00 

Broilers 3 50 (g 6 50 

Ducks, tame, doz. 5 50 @ 6 50 

Geese, iwb' 1 00 (31 25 

do, young 1 25 m 75 

Wild Gray, doz. — m 00 

White do 50 «1 00 

Turkeys 16 @ 20 

do, Dressed — @ — 

Turkey Feathers, 
tall and wing, 11). 10 @ 20 

Snipe, Eng 1 75 (92 00 

do, Cummon . . 60 @ 75 

Middlings 25 00 ®26 00 Quail, doz 75 ig 80 

Oil Cake Meal.. (."27 50 Rabbits 1 25 ^ 1 50 

Straw, bale - 70 ®- 75 Hare 2 00 (* 2 25 

FLOIFR. Venison 10 (g 12i 

Extra, City Mills . 5 00 (85 62i PROVISIONS, 
do, Co'ntry Milla.4 75 (35 00 CaL Bacon, extra 

do. Oregon 4 75 (g5 12i clear, tti 

do, WaUa Walla. 4 60 Ci»5 00 Medium 

Bupertiiic 3 50 (34 25! Light 


Beef, let (lual'y.tb 7i@ 8 Cal. Smoked Beef. 

Second 6 M 

Third 5 @ 

Mutton 3i*! 4i 

Spring Lamb 6J(* 6J 

Pork, undressed.. 6S(a 8 

Dressed 10 (S 11 

Veal 6l(a 8 

MUk Calves 7i@ 8 

do, choice — — (s 9 
Barley, feed. ctl..l 70 m 77i 

do; New 1.15(91 25 

do. Brewing. .2 00 <o 2 05 

OhovaUer - (»1 70 

Buckwheat 1 33 (*1 50 

Corn, White @ — 

Yellow 1 50 m 70 

Small Round ... — ®1 75 

Oats 1 50 m 62J 

Milling — ® - 

Rye 1 Jo @2 00 

Wheat. No. 1 1 70 @1 75 

do. No. 2 1 66 (<*1 70 

do. No. 3 1 60 (*1 ;5 

Choice MilUog.. - (gl 77i 

Hides, dry 19 ® 

Wet salted 9i@ 


Beeswax. Iti 23 @ 

Honey in cjmb. .. 17 ^ 
Extracted, Ught.. 8 ® 
do, dark.. 7 <m 

Oregon ® 

California 25 (g 

Wash. Ter @ 

Old Hops — (a 

Walnuts, Cal 10 (a 

do, cbue ... nm 

A Imonds, bd shl lb 8 (<« 
Bo ft shell 15(a 




7 I Shoulders 9l@ 

6 I Hams. Cal Um 

do, EsAteru — 17 @ 
Alfalfa 14 (» 16 

do Chile — @ — 

Canary 3i(3 4 

Clover. Red 14(^16 





Italian Hye Grass., 


Millet, C.erman 

do. Common . . . 
Mustard, White... 


Rape , 

Ky Blue Grass. .... 

2dquaUty 16 @ 18 

Sweet V Grass — (a 75 

Orchard 20 25J 

Bed Top — ® 15 

Hungarian 8 ® 10 

Lawn 30 @ 40 

Mosquit 10 @ 12i 

11 Timothy 9 (g 10 


25 Grade, lb 7 (8 7J 

18 Refined 101@ 11 


3 SFRI.Nll-lSr" 

.San Joaquin, free. 

— do, fair.. 
35 do, dusty. 

— Southern Coast 

— Stanislaus & Tuol- 

11 Sonoma & Mtndo- 

8 cino 25 (» 26 

10 Nor. Sacramento... 23 (e? 25 

17 Oregon, eastern 22@ 26 

18 & 20 
18 t« 19 
15 (4 17 
14 @ 22 

22 @ 24 

Bags and Bagging. 

Eng Btandrd Wheat. . Bim 9 

Cal Manufacture 

Hand Sewed, 22x36 . 8K* 9 

20x36 »m 85 

23i)0 12 m3 

24x10 12i«13i 

Machine Swd 22x36 . 8J@ 9 

Flour Sks, halves. 



Heauan. 60 Inch. . 


Wednesiiay m., .July 12. 1882. 

46 inch »»@ 9» 

40 inch 85(i« 83 

Wool Sks Hand Swd 

31 tt) - C<*47 

4 lb do 52J<g55 

Machine Sewed — C<*49J 

Standard Gunnies 18i@19 

Bean Bags 6i@ 7 

Twine, Detrick's A.. .32to35 
AA.35 ®37 

.- ©12 


WEnNE.sDAY M., .luly 12, 1882. 

R«>clwoocl. , Shingles (^ 2 50 

c ABOoEs. Posts, each — IB @-- 20 

Rough @18 00 Pine. 

Sn faced @28 00 ' cABiioEs. 

Floor and step.. @27 50 iRough (gI8 00 

RETAIL Surfaced. 22 08 Cd28 00 

Merchantable .. (f22 50 retail. 

Surfaced. No. 1. «i35 00 Rough (§22 50 

ToiiKuei Groove «f.3o 00 Flooring 32 50 @35 00 

Pickets, rough. . @20 00 Floor and step.. W36 00 

do, fancy . . 027 60 iLaths « 3 7» 

do, square.. (917 M ! 


WeiliEshay m., Jul) 12, 1882. 


Crystal Wat 16 @18 

Paraffine 20 (g~ 

Patent Sperm 25 - 28 


Assrtd Pie Fraits. 

2J n, cans 2 25 

Table do 3 a ® 

Jams and Jellies. 3 75 @ 
Pickles, hf gal....3 25@ 
Sardines, .ir box..l 67 (g 

Cement, Rosen- 
dale 1 76 (g 2 00 

I PortUnd 3 76 a 4 00 

Assrtd sizes, keg.3 75 @ 4 00 

Pacific Glue Co's 
I Neatsfoot, No. LI 00 <( 

'Castor. No. 1 — « 

i do. No. 2 - 1 

Baker's A A — (oel 

Hf Boxes 2 SOmi 90 Olive. PlagnoU...5 25 !aS 

Merry. Faull & Co s 1 Possel 4 75 W5 

Preserved Beef ! Palm, It 9 (g 

2tt), doz 3 25 @3 — Linseed, Raw,bbl — (ct 

do 4 tb doz 6 50 <S6 — ' Boiled — (^ 

Preserved Mutton Cocoanut 60 (« 

2 It., doz 3 25 03 50 China nut, cs 68 W 

Beef Tongue 5 75 1S6 00 Spenn 1 40 @ 

Preserved Ham, Coast Whales 35 @ 

2 ft., doz 5 50 @5 60 Polar — 

Deviled Ham, 1 tti, 'Lard — @1 

doz 3 00 (83 50 Petroleum (110°).. 18 S 

do Ham j lb doz 2 60 @ — Petroleum (If 1. . 28 (S 
Boneless Pigs Feet P.AI.^TS. 
3tt.8 3 50 (p»3 75 ;Pure White Lead. 73@ 

@ 8 50 
g 6 50 

@ 6 60 
(al3 00 

(g - 
@ - 

(a - 

t8 50 
8 50 

(a 9 00 

2 11.8 2 75 C« 

Spiced Fillets 2 lbs3 50 (Si 
Head Chee8e3n.s3 50 (* 
<'»AL— Jobbing 
Australian, ton. 

Coos Bay 

Bellingham Bay 


Cumberland . 

Mt Diablo 



West Hartley.. 



Vancouver Id. .. 


Charcoal, sack. . 

Coke, bush — (i* 

Sandwich Id tb. -~ @ 

Costa Rita a2 @ 

Guatemala 12 @ 

Java 18 # 

Manilla 15 {a 

Ground, in cs . . . - @ 

Sac'to Dry Cod. @ 

do in cases.. ®— SiiNutmegs .... 

Eastern Cod. . .— 7 (<* — 7J Pepper Grain 


Putty » tai 

Chalk 14^ — 

Paris White 2$® — 

Ochre 3j@ — 

Venetian Red.... 3J@ — 
Averil mixd Paint 

^hite ft Tints. .2 00 @2 00 
Green, Blue and 

Ch Yellow 3 00 («3 50 

Light Red 3 00 (fTS 60 

Metallic Roof ..1 30 (gl 60 
China Mixed, lb.. 4j@ S 

Hawaiian 4t@ 6 

CaL Bay, ton... 14*00 (922 00 

Common 6 50 (((14 00 

Carmen Id 14 00 @22 CO 

Liverpool fine... 14 00 @20 CO 

14 I Castile, lb 9 (3 10 

20 'Common brands.. ii@ 6 
— iFancy Brands.... 7(9 8 
22i< SPICES. 

ICloves, lb 37i@ 40 

5 Icassia 19 (d 20 

80 (ce 90 

16 C* 16 

-- . 


Salmon, bbls... 7 00 (a 7 50 Pimento 16 

Hf bbls 3 50 ca 4 00 1 Mustard, Cal i lb 

1 lb cans 1 124(a 1 22i Glaai - (ael 25 

PkW Cod, bbls. (a I SIIKAR, ETC. 

Hf bbls W CaL Cubetb 

MackereL No. 1 Powdered 

Hf bbls 9 50 @ 10 00 Fine Crushed. 

In Kits 1 75 (^ 1 85 Granulated 

Ex Mess 3 50 (a 4 00 |Golden C 

Pickled Herring. Cal Syrup, kgs, . . . 

box 3 00 @ 3 50 'Hawaiian Mol'sses 

Boston Smoked j TEA. 

Herring 65 (S — 70 Young Hyson, 

LIME, etc. t Moyune, etc — 

Plaster. Colden Country pkd Oun- 

Oate Mills.... 3 00 O 3 25 powder ft Im- 

L a n d Plaster, 

ton 10 00 (3 12 50 

Lime, Snta Cruz 

bbl 1 25 @ 1 50 

perial . 

Fcoo-Chow O 

J apan, medium . . . 

- @ 


- ® 


— (a 


- @ 


- (ft 


65 ca 

25 ca 


40 (ft 


35 (a 


30 (^ 




35 (.a 


Fruits and Vegetables. 


Wednesday m 


App.ej. bx ^ X (S 100 

do, liasket.. . 15 @ 65 

ApricU, tb 2Sca- 3i 

Biiuanas, bnch,. 2 50 (» 4 00 
Blackberries.. ,. 5 00 (iflO 00, dz. 3 00 t« 4 00 
Cherries, ch^t..ll 00 Ol2 00 
(Jherry Plum, 1.x 25 @— 75 
Cocoanuts. 100 . 6 00 # 7 00 
Cr»nberrie8.bbl.l2 50 (al4 00 
<;urrant3, chst.. 2 00 (fl 3 50 

- 50 (« 1 00 

- 4 «i- 8 

- 75 1 50 
10 00 (al2 00 

75 ^ 3 50 

Figs. box. . 
Gooseberries. . 
Grapes, . , . 
Limee, Mex.. 

do, Cal, box 
Lemons, CaL bi 1 25 (a 2 2o 

Sicily, 1k)X.... (alO 00 

Australian.... ~ 

Oranges, Cal, bi.4 50 (« 6 00 

do, Tahiti M (840 00 

do, Mexican. 15 00 (ai7 OO 

do. Loroto... @ 

Peaches, box...— 40 (S- 85 

Pears, bsk — 25 (a - 65 

Pineapples, doz 6 00 ca 8 00 
Raspbe'rieadit. 6 00 (» 8 00 
Strawl/r fi,chst. 10 00 (ai2 00 

Apples, sliced. lb (ft— 10 

do, evaporated.— - @— 12J 

.luiy 12, 18S2. 

Peaches — 7 (»— 9 

do pared — 18 dot— 20 

Pears, sliced....— 9^10 

do whole — 7 (»- 8 

Plums — 4 O— 6 

Pitted - 11 m- 12 

Prunes — 9 (J*— 10 

Raisins, Cal, bx. (a 2 60 

do. Halves.... ® 2 76 

do. Quarters.. @ 3 00 

Eighths @ 3 25 

Zante Cunants.— 8 (a— 10 

Artichokes, ak..— 25 (.a- 50 
Asparagxl.^, box.-- 75 ((* 1 00 

Beets, ctl ®— 75 

Cabbage, 100 De- 87i@ 1 00 

Carrots, sk — 65 ffl— 75 

Cauliflower, doz— 50 75 

Com, green 8 v.rt 9 

(-'ucumberR, bx. .— 375;a— 50 

(Eggplant, It. 6 ^ 6 

Garlic Hi @— 3 

do, • 1 @- H 

Lettuce, doz — — 10 @ 

Mushrooms, bx . @ 

Okra, k-reen. lb. - 20 @— 25 

Peas, green, tb,. @ — 1^ 

do, sweet — 14(a— 2 

Parsnips, tb (ob— 2 

Peppers - 2 (a - 6 

do. Chile. .. - @ 7 

do, quartered...— 6 6J Rhubarb, bx. . . .— 26 @ - 50 

Apricots — 21 @ - 22 Squash, Marrow 

BUickberries....— 14 (g— 16 fat, ton @50 00 

Citron — 28 (a— 30 String Beans...— 2 (ff- 2i 

Dates — 9 (a— 10 do, wax — 4 ««- 4J 

Figs, pressed....— 4 (^— 7 Summer Sqiush, 

do, loose - 3K*- 4 box -25^-50 

Nectarines. — 14 (ft— 15 Tomat<«», box — 374@— .iO 

Tumtps. ctl....— 60 (is» - 65 

Packers' Prices for Fruits and VeRetablea 

San Frani is< o, July 12, 1882 
The following are the prices for Fruits, etc.. tixod by the 
Packers' Exchange. 

Apples - @ - 

.-VpricotP — (05 3 

Biackbeiries -- & ~- 

Cherries. Red ft BIk.- & 4 

do. White — m 6 

Gooseberries — @ 4 

Muscat (irapes - - ^ - - 

Nectirines — — 

Peaches, Vel Cling..- C - 
do. White Cling. — in — 
do, YeUowFree.— W — 
do. White Free..— <S — 
Pears. Bartlett - (3 • 

Plums. Vel Drop....- (8 
do, Coe'sYel Drop. -- (a - 

do. Yellow Egg C<S — 

do, (ireen Gage — C — 

do, Damson " ta - 

do. .Jefferson — (S — 

do. Ickworlh — @ — 

(Quinces — (3 — 

Raspberries — (^ 7 

Strawberries — (« 5 

String Beans — (a 1^ 

Sugar Peas -- (rf Ij 

Tomatoes — @ — 

Pacific Coast Weather for the Week. 

[Furnished for publication In the Presh by Nelson Gkrum, 
Sergt. Signal Service (.'.inis, U. S. A. I 

The following is a summary of the rainfall for 
each day of the week ending 1 1 :.")8 a. si. Wednes- 
day, July 5tb, at noon, for the stations named: 




Saturday . 
Sunday .. 
Monday . . 
Tuesday .. 

Totals .. . . 

1 Olympia. 



Red Bluff 




1 Sau 
1 Francisco 




1 San Dm;, 









































































Rkmitta.'vces to this office should be made by postal or- 
dei or registered letter, when practicable; cost of postal 
order, foi tl6 or less, 10 cts.; for registered letter. In ad- 
dition to regrular pottage (at } cts. per half-ounce), 10 eta. 

Agents Now Wanted. 

E.^tra inducements irili be offered tor a few active can- 
vassers, who will ^ive their whole attention (for a while 
at least) to our business. Apply soon, or address this 
otlice, giving address, age, cx[)erience and reference. 

DEWBY & CO., PubltBbera, 
No. 252 Market St., S. F. 

Hay Rakes. 
The celebrated hay rakes manufactured by John Dodds, 
Dayton, Ohio, can be found in large stock at the San 
Francisco branch, 37 Market St. The old reliable Hoi- 
lingsworth Rake has taken three Gold Medals at Inter- 
national Fairs. The Red Bird is cheap, simple and a 
great favorite. 1 be new Reindeer is the strongest and 
most durable Self-Dump Rake on the market The iron 
axle and wheels, rocker-frame movement, adjustable 
teeth, dumping device and other improvements make 
them the most desirable Rakes manufactured. See the 
agent, S. H Gould, before purchasing, 37 Market St., S. F. 

Promptness Displayed, Etc. 

Messrs. Dewbt k Co., Patent Agents: The Canadian 
patent obtained through you is at hand. This makes 
three patents received within a month. The ability, en- 
ergy and promptness displayed by your firm must cer- 
tainly be ({ratifying to your numerous patrons -as it as- 
suredly is to Tours respectfully, 

Thorpe & Belloll 
Try the Burai Press for 25 Cts. a Month. 

Tell your friends that they can have the Pacific Bcral 
Prbss mailed to them one month on trial tor 25 cents. 
Four back Nus. will be added on receipt of 10 cents 
additional— makirg eight copies for 3.5 cents. It is a 
handsomely printed and illustrated home journal. Mail 
it to friends abroad. 

LiviRT Starli IK Oakland- We call the attention of 
farmers visiting Oakland, and others to hire teams or 
stable teams in Oakland, to the Hay, Sale, Boarding and 
Livery Stable of T. A. Cunningham, 1368 Broadway, 
Oakland. Mr. Cunningham (recently from Haywards 
where he still owns a ranch) has purchased a homestead 
in Oakland, and will do his best to give satisfaction to 
his new customers and old friends who may call. 

Our attention has been called to the remarkable cura 
tlve properties of Burnhara's Abietene. It is rot a com- 
pound, but a pure distillation from a peculiar kind of 
fir balsam. It is really one of nature's remedies. Used 
both internally and externally. As a specific tor croup 
it stands without a rival, and does away with the nause- 
ating effects of hive syrup and emetics. Cures colds, 
coughs, sore throat, rheumatism, neuralgia, kidney 
troubles, etc. Used as a liniment for bruises, burns, stiff 
joints, sprains, poison oak, etc., it has no superior. For 
circulars and testimonials of its merits address Wm. M. 
Hickman, druggist, Stockton, Cal. For sale by all 
druggists. Price, 50 cts. and $1 per bottle. 

New Gio or Solkt. -Something novel and very ele- 
gant in the way of a Sulky, may be seen across the way 
from our office, at the store of Geo. A. Davis, the well- 
known Agricultural Hardware man. It must be seen to 
be appreciated. A cut of it will appear in our columns 
soon. Photographs sent on application to Goo. A. Davis, 
S. F., or Jacob Price, San Leandro, who is the inventor 
of it. 

A0BMT8 can now grasp a fortune. Outfit worth $10 
sent free. Fall particulaiv address E. G. Ridboct & Cki., 
10 HarcIaySt.. N. Y 


Ko. 2o-2 market 8t. (Elerstor, Vl PtHint^ 8.K. 

New Crop Insect Powder. 


None genuine without this trade mark. 


An imported powder of a bright yell..w color w sonietimes 
sold a3 Buhach. Buy only that which tjcars our trade maik 
All druggi-sts and gr.icers list lieeping it send for price list. 
164 Levee street. Stockton. Cal. 


Pitt's Separator, 8« inch, with self-feeder. Also Der- 
rick, complete. 

Steam Engine, iC-horse power. Straw-burner. Water 
Wagon, now complete, working in field. Also, '24 inch 
French Burr Barley Mill, mounted. Reference, 


302 Davit Itreat, S. F, 

Commission Merchants. 


Late Miller A Co. 



(Succerwors to MILLER & CO..) 

Wool, Grain, 


Con\missioi\ Merchants. 

10 Davis Street, near Market. 



Grain, Flour, Wool, Etc. 

(Members of the San Francisco Produce Excluuifej. 
211 and 213 Clay St., S. F. 
^^Liberal advances made on Consignments. 


Commission Merchants 

And Dealers in 

Green and Dried Fruits, 

Grain, Wool, Hides. Beans. Potatoes. 

404 & 406 DAVIS STREET, 

p. 0. Box 1930 SAN FRANCISCO. 





Wliolesale Grocers, 




Pront Street Block, bet. Clay A Waxhlngton. San Francdsoo. 
IM' Special attention given to country tnAxn-MM 
P. O. Box 1940. 

R. W. O'NEAL, 
Late of Toint Arena. 

of P.A. Graham & Co.. Bernardo. 


Commission jVTerchants 

and wholesale dealers in 

227 and 229 Washington, bet. Front and Davis Sts., S. F. 



ISMcce.ssiirs to .1 W (iALK * C) ,1 

M ani Cs&eril Connnission Mercliants, 

Ad<1 Wlii.k-Bale IVali r.t in (,'a!il<irnia and 1 irrfoti Produce, 

AIM. (r' W.,„l. Huht. l\r,U,.\ f^Lllor.-'. ChftS,, E^H/a, 

Jtulirr an>l Jlcii-y. 

Dr>!nU Ctnnao- No- '102 Davls Street, aod 
DrlCK OlOrcb. 120 Washington Sc., 8. F. 
Prompt Returns. Advance Liberally on Consignmenta. 


Coii\missior\ Merchants, 

(llembers of San Francisco Produce Exchange.) 
aOCaUrornls street. San PrancueA. 


Na 76 Warren Street. New York. 

Commission Merchants in Cal. Produce 

RsFBRKNCSS.— Tradesmen's National Bank, N. Y.; EU- 
wanger & Barry, Rochester, N. y.;C. W. Reed; Sacra- 
mento. Cal.: A. Losk & Co., San Frandsoo. 


SAH rnANcisca 


E. MAIN, 315 Folsom Street, 

Makes to order Oente' Fine French Calf Boota from •« to 
»10; Qaltere from $3 to 16; Alexin from $3.50 to $6: Mena 
Heavy Kip Boot*. »6; Oxford Ties, French Calf, »4: Cali- 
fornia Leather. »3.50; Men's Working Shoea from »S. 60 to 
fi: Children's Shoes made to order. Feraoua in the coun- 
try ordering to the amount of |I2, I par the ezpnM 
charge*. I sail nothing but mf own ■oAaufxtar*. 

July 15, 1882 ] 


G^EO. W. ME^DE & CO., 

Office and Warehouse, Nos. 416 and 418 Front Street, San Francisco, Cal. 


California and Oregon Sun Dried and Evaporated Fruits, 



1^ As tbe LEADING HOUSE and HEADQUARTERS in all theS'^ produota, we are ready to correspond with the producers with the view of purchase or cntract for the ciming crops REMEMBER, that we purchase outright 
either at points of production, paying freights, etc., ourselves, or delivered in S. F., freight paid. Remember, also, that in dealing with us you are operating through strictly FIRST HANDS. NO COMMISSIONS charged. NO 
DELAYS in settlements. 

Sonoma Valley College. 

Has the most desirable location and the finest school 
building on the coast. The clmate is warm and health 
ful. It is free equally from fogs and malaria during the 
summer. The school is sufficiently removed from the 
city to preserve regular habits on the part of pupils, and 
to protect them against contagious diseases. Only the 
best pupils from the best families are sought. The num- 
ber of boarding students will be limited positively to 
twenty, and applicatinn for admission must be made in 
advance. To this limited number of pupils will be se- 
cured the best companionship, the best accomodations, 
the best care and tbe ablest instruction that can be pro- 
cured in any first class school of the East. The Principal 
is well. known as an educator, being tbe FOUNDER OF 
THE BERKELEY GYMNASIUM. He will be supported 
Ijy a Faculty comp( ^ed of young mtn in the prime of 
life and reoogn'zed by the public as successful teachers. 
Students prepared for any American University. Special 
att»ntion will also be given to the English and Commer- 
cial Department. The next term will begin on 

Blonday, July 31gt. 

Registered students can be admitted earlier if desired. 
For catalogues or particulars, address 

JOHN P. BURRIS, Prlnc'pal, 
Sonoma, Cal. 

The Harmon Seminary, 

Berkeley, Cal. 

A New Boarding and Day School, fob 
Young Ladies. 

Will be conducted bv REV. S S HARMON 
and Mrs. P. W. HARMON, for the last lO 
years principals of Wasblnp'ton College 

The HARMON SEMINARY will receive girls of all 
ages; the ingtruction comprising Pi-imary, Preparatory 
and Academic. Thorough course in the English 
branches. The Arts, Music and Modern Languages in 
charge of well known roasters. Special course prepara- 
tory to ihe State University. 

The HARMON SEMINARY will be first-class in all re- 
spects, and will combine the best educational advantages 
with homo care, guidance and guardianship. 

The first year will open August 3, 1882. 

For prospectus and other information, address 
S. S HARMON, Berkeley, Cal., 
Or. E. J. WICKSON, 414 Clay St., S. F. 



_jr^»j^The August trip of the Steamship IDAHO 
^^^M^SCtc Alaska will be made a special feature of 
interest for tourists and pleasure seekers. In audition to 
her reguUr ports of call (Wrangel, Sitka, Harrisburg, etc.) 
it is intended she shall visit Glacier Bay and other points 
of special interest. 

The trip from Puget Sound to Ala«ka, instead of being, 
as many imagine, rough and ttmpeetuou , is ti>ade near- 
ly the whole distance on inUnd waters, which are as 
smooth and unruffled as a mountain lake. The scenery is 
a magnificent panorama of wondrous grandeur. The 
noted and celebrated points of interest in California and 
other States dwarf into insignificance in comparison with 
the wonderful sights and towering mountains in thiswon- 
derland of glaciers, icebergs, Aurora Borealis and niglit 
less day. Only a limited number of passengers can be 
taken from San Francisco, as a large number of tourists 
hive engaged to go from Portland, Victoria and other 
northern ports. 

Those desirinc to engage passage will please register 
their names at the Company's Ticket Office, 211 Mont- 
gomery street. No name accepted unless accompanied 
by a deposit of S20 on account. 

The fare for the round trp has been fixed at a low rate 
of $115, which includes meals and a berth. 

Passengers will take the DAKOTA, which leaves Broad- 
way Wharf July 29th, at 2 p m., and transfer to the 
IDAHO at Port Townsend about August 3d, reaching 
San Francisco on the return about August 25th. 


General Agent'. 

The German Savings and Loan Society, 

Sau Francisco, June 30, 1882. 
For the half year ending this date, the Board of Direc- 
has declared a dividend on Term Deposits at the rate of 
four and thirty-two one-hundredths (4 32-100) per cent, 
per annum, and on Ordinary Deposits at the rate of three 
and six-tenths (3 6-10) per cent, per annum, free from 
Federal Taxes, and payable on and after the 10th day of 
July, 1882. By order. GEO. LETTE, Sec'y. 

Dewey k Go. Patent Agt's 

ES- DDESTniCK- cfc CO., 

Importers, Manufacturers and Dealers in 









5 to 9 California, and 108 to 112 Market Streets, San Francisco. 



The Twenty-ninth 

Annual State Fair 

Beg-ins at 


On the nth, and ends on the 16th of Sep- 


Embraces liberal awards for all kinus ol 


Any fnrther iniormation may be had upon application 
to the Secretiry, from whom Premium Lists may be pro- 
cured. HUGH M. LARUE, Pres. 

EDWIN F. SMITH, Sec'y, P. O. Drawer A, Sacra- 
mento, Cal. 



Oil and Other Supplies. 

Just out. For Dealers only. Mailed free. 


9 11 & 13 First St , - - San Francisco, 


For sale— Two sets S cam Plows, manufactured by the 
world-renowned firm of .lobn Fowler & Co., of Leeds, 
Eneland, with all latest improvements and duplicate ac 
cessories. These plows are capable of plowing from 15 to 
50 acres per day per set, at a depth of from one inch to 
two feet, or more. The four powerful traction engines be 
longing to the outfit were expressly constructed for use 
on the Pacific Coast and colonies, with a view, not only 
to economy in fuel, but also for transportation purposes, 
and for all kinds of farm work where steam power is ad- 
vantageous or requisite. Apply to 

Room 10, No. 1C9 California St., S. F 

nC Oold, Crystal, Lace, Perfumed it Chromo 
aO lo goldcnd let, eUatee BtM., eUntonytllei Co 

S. P. Bailey. O. E. Badoley, John Bailkv. 


Cjr. Main and California St8 , Stockton, Cal. 

Tmportera and Jobbers in 

i^riculliiral bplsmsnts, Bariwars, Etc. 

Agents for the 

J. I. Case and Woods Headers. llcOomici Harvesting Maehine 
Co. '5 Binders, Eeapers and Mowers, the LaBelle Freight. 
Farm and Header Wagons, Althonso Vaneless Windmills, 
Minnesota Chief Thrashers, Engines and H:rso 
Powers, San Leandro, Baford and Stockton 

Oang and Sulky Plows. 
Also, State Agenta tor the Celebrated 


Large Stock of Builders' Hardware and Carpenters' Tools. 
Orders Promptly Filled, and Goods sold at Bedrock Prices. 



Supplies a lon^ felt want. 100 Sold In 
Ninety Days. 

Every owner of a Fann Entwine lo(*ate<I in moderately 
timbered eountry can find profitable einpluyment the 
year round by purehasint? one of these Mills. 

Every f^iiwner of a tiinViered lot is interested in having 
one of these Mills in his neighborhood. No more haul- 
injT lofrs to mill. All the waste saved. 

Write for Circulars and Price Lists, and itddress of 
nearest Agent. [Name t"lm Taper.] 

RUSSELL & CO., MassiUon, 0. 

Amenta for the Pacific Coast. 

Attorneys & Counsellors-at-Law, 

Kooms 7, 8 and 9 
No. 320 California Street. S. F., 

(Over WellB Fargo & Co.'s Bank ) 

Special Attention Paid to Patent 

N. B.— Mr. J. L. Boone, of the above firm, has been con- 
nected with the patent business for over 16 years, and de- 
votes himself almost exclusively to patent litigation and 
kindred branches 





?| 9 Geary St. \i 



One Cent a Page. 


Useful and Inexpensive for the Summer 
of all Grades and Styles of 
Sheet Music. 


256 pages— over 80 choicest of snngs, 

216 pages — 100 of the best Gcrmiin songs. 

200 pages— over 150 best Scottish songs. 

208 pages — 60 of the very best sacred son^s. 

248 pages— 94 choice songs of popular style. 

277 pages — 107 of Kranz'a best songs. 

260 pages— 132 of Norway's songs mdndies. etc. 

♦gems op STRAUSS." 
248 pages — 80 choicest Strauss waltzes, galopn, etc. 

232 pages — 80 most popular dance pieces. 

And manv other collections. Price each, $2 plain; $2.50 
cloth; $3 lull g'lt. 


Established 1834. 
C H. Ditson & Co., 843 Broadway, N V. 




Self- Regulating 


Is recognized as the 

Always gives satisfact'on. SIMPLE, 
STRONG and DURABLE in all parts. 
Solid Wr.iught-iron Cranli Shaft with 
double; bearings for the Crank to 
work in, all turned and run in adjust- 
able babbitted boxes. 
Positively SeIf>Rega1ating 
With no coil springs, or springs of any 
kind. No little rods, joints, levers, or anything of the 
kind to get out of order as such things do. Mills in use 
6 to 1 2 years in good order now, that have never cost one 
cent for repairs. All genuine Enterprise Mills for the 
Pacific Coast trade come only through this agency, and 
none, whether of the old or latest pattern, are genuire, ex- 
cept those bearing the "Enterprise Co." tttimp. L'~ok out 
for this, as inferior mills are b3ing offered with tes- 
timonials applied to them which were given for ours. 
Prices to suit the times. Full particulars free. Bjst 
Pumps, Feed Mills, etc. kept in stock. Address, 



San Franclano Agency. LINFORTH, RICE 
& CO., 323 & 325 Market St., S. F. 



^ 5,000,000. 

GEO. D. DORNIN Manager. 

WM. SEXTON Asst. Manager. 

plain and easily understood Contract, also on Grain in 
Warehouse, Dwellings, Barns and other Farm Property. 



TblB paper Is printed wltU Ink farnlehert by 
Ohas. Bneu Johnson St Co., 509 South 10th 
St.. Philadelphia & 59 Gold St.. N. Y. Agent 
for Pacific boast— Joseph H. Dorety 627 
Oommerclal St.. 8. F. 



[July 15 X882 




Hardware Merchants. 



6 6 

Kellv " -Barb Wire, 

Enameled and Galvanized. 

RED STAR " (4-Pointed) Barb Wire, 



Shooting Qualities 


Send Stamp for 50-Page Catalogue. 

eend for Circular and Prices. Lar^'c Stoclc and Fi no .Ves^rtinent . 

E. T. ALLEN. Agent for the Pacific Coasi. 






Rope, Wire. Belting, Pumps, Pipe and Steam Fittings, 

310 and 312 Main Street, Corner of America, 



JAMES CAVIN, Proprietor. 

This lIouBe is the Le.tding Hotel of the City, containing 
aP tlie modern imj>rovoraent9. Ooncial Ticket Otlicc for 
tlic CiK Trees, Yoseraite Valley, Bodie, and Ocneral Sta^e 
Otn. e lor all tlie Southern Mountain Towiis The Yo- 
semite Coach will convey guests from the boats and all 
t'ains, free of chiirjre 

Guaranteed to do better" work and give better satisf o- 
tion than any in use. Sent ON TkIAL to responsible 
farmers. Fur circulars and terms to atrents address 
Stockton, Cal. 

^ " Superior Wood and Metal Engrav. 

r nS^lH V I rie '"K. Eleclrotyping and Stereotyp- 
kllQI l*» ""O'lng done at the office of the MmiMG 
4n> Sciiimria Piuus, San It'raacitoo, at iavorable r»t<« 


Hooper's South End Grain Warehouses, 

Cor. Japan and Townsend 8t&, S. F. 

First-class Fire-proof Brick BuUding. Oapaoity, 10,000 
tons. Goods taken from the Dock and the Oars of the O. P. 
R. R. and B. F. R. R. tree of charge. Storage at Onmat 
Rktea. Adraaoes and luautukoe eHeoted. 

PLOW mm. 




Three Hundred Sold in Two Years- 
H. C. SHAW Stockton Gang Plow, 




Powell's Electric Hay and Grain Elevator. 


(Send for Illastrated Cat*logue and Price list.) 

201-3 El Dora'do Street, - - • Stockton, Cal. 

^'|lu Wfll know the viituf of our II. H. II. Horse Liniment. It li;u<i l)een ti.sed for 
ye;irs throughout the cutire Haeirie Coiust, an<l ha.s been found without an equal as a 
Liniment for man and bea-st. We have now.vlded to our of medicines "The H. H. H. 
Hoof and Healing Ointment," and the "H. H. H. Condition Powders." No etock- 
rai.ser, once having used our ineilicincs will ever be without them in the house. For 
.sale everywliere. 

M;- H. H. H. {Mark 
Hoof and Healing Ointment 
For Brittle Hoofs, 
Fever iu Feet, 

Contracted Hoofs, 
Sand Cracks, 
Quarter Cracks, 
Collar Galls, 
Harness Galls, 
Mud Fever, 
Etc., Etc. 

Sole Proprietors. 

We;- H. H. H, ;Mark 
Horse Liniment 

The most effectual 
liniment ever used for 
Callous Lumps, 
'Old Sores, 
Stiff Joints, 
Windgalls, Etc. 

We} H, H, H. {Mark 
Condition Powders, 
For Inward Strains, 
Hide Bound, 
Loss of Appetite, 
Tel low Water, 
Poll Evil, 
Colds, Etc. 

Sole Proprietors. 

Sole Proprietors. 

S. W. Corner Kearny and Montgomery Ave., San Francisco. 
rFree oowsh to tbe House O. F. BECKER, Proprietor 

July 15. i8b2. 1 


Seeds. Plants. Etc. 


Established in 1868. 

For sale, all kinds of Fruit Trees, Vines and Fruiting 
Shrubs raised witiiout irrigation. Also, a general assort- 
ment of Evergreen Trees and Shrubs, deciduous Flower- 
ing Shrubs; Roses in assortment. Conservatory and Bed- 
ding Plants in great variety. Send for Catalogue and 
Ustef Prices. Address W. H. PEPPER, 

Petsluma Sonoma County, Cal. 


San Bernardino. - - - - Cal., 

Box 375. 

Fruit and Ornamental Trees 


True to Dame and reliable. Persona intending to plant 
JUNE BUDDED or otber trees, nuxt season, should 

Principal Nursery located just south o£ Colton. 








179-183 MAIN STREET, 


PRICE LIST, 1 200-206 Randolph St.Chicago, III 



Importers, Growers and Dealers in Garden, Field and 
Flower Seeds, Dutch Bulbous Roots, Summer Flower- 
ing Bulbs and Garden Requisites of every description. 
Catalogues mailed to all applicants. Address 

B. K. BLISS & SONS, 34 Barclay Street, N. Y. 


Blossoms and extracts of blossoms, the greatest blood 
purifier known. A sure cure for Oancer, Salt Rheum, 
and all blood diseases if taken in time. Many also have 
been cured of Catarrh, Rheumatism, Poison Oak and 
other diseases. For full particulars, circulars and testi- 
monials address. W. C. NBKDHAM, sole agent for Pacific 
Coast, P. O. Box 422, San Jose, Cal 

ctuuts AM It eJcxiN) mux iv kam^ 

^ Bn Dmrta, W. PEACHES-^ I* 4 ft.. lOo.i AUia&dw. Brign. Foitar. OnwTci^w 
PU>«* OIli.B.ll*<.. U*, Um». Cllof, <M. APHICOTS^ t« t h.. 20c. ; MoorjMrk, 
I0I.I.B. he. PLUUa~-X>o.| bMl •kr:«tlM of Millar tkUM. 
Had. r—i'oM U— odN. 10«. KAKI-2 1-3 ft., lAc. Alao, •> 

U«pl>. Ltoi EI,Ur. Tulip U«. Bmm^fna. ll«KTK>1i».6*w 
m. cK.1« BTwrTMB^ arn] nuT Wldw kll hind. ./ Btrrim 

nOolM. ahallM. olhx -■tlLnc* 

ka** i kiixU Mok *t BrtMnnira, bogar Cua, Dan. aad wall-ttatad PtFtai*«. 
ataa. ArUokska, Boy reoU, OoU«a u«d. lUUKOOS, Paanvu. Elald Bart*;, ibi 
*alubW ttmg» rlaau, aad m%af Mhrt oMfal and preOubU Mad* fcr «ka farw. Ala. 
a«airf«^0>*«. fcteWaoteaMk. I^CATAl^OSS rRBM. 

« i HANftKIUl fl.vMaa r«M— 'te 


One half interest in a Deciduous Fruit . Nursery , south 
em part o( Stite. Over 250,000 trees. Apply to 

Colton, Cal. 

Moore's Prepared 

The most sucressfnl Poison in use for So,uirrel Killng 

C. E. WILLIAMS & CO., Proprietors, 


Moore's Sulphur Dip; Safe, Sure and Cheap prepara 
tien (of the cure of Scab in Slieep. 

Eureka! Found At Last! 



To Tbreshers. 
It in light, can be attachol to any thresher; $5.00 per year 
will keep it in repair. By its use 500 bushels more per day 
can be threshetl and cU'aneii. saving to the farmer enough to 
pay his threshing bills, also putting th3 grain into merchant 
able condition, saving time lost in reopening sacks and clean' 
ingover Farmers and Tlireshers will plcise call and see 
for themselves, at No. 128, 15th street, between C and D 
streets, Sacramento. Also, my Feeder and Elevator At- 
tachment, so well and favorably known as to need no com 
ment. A W. tOCKHART 






Z Fr-uit and Z-^ergreen Trees, Plants, Stc. 

^ In Larsre Quantities and Offered in Lots to Suit Purchasers. 

Hedge Shears, Frnnlng and Budding Kni7es, &reen Houee Syringes, Etc. 
Seed Warehouse, 317 Washington St., San Franoisoo. 








R H. PEASE, Jr.,1 fl„^„.„ 
S. M. RUNYON, /-^KentS. 

Nos. 577 and 57!> Market Street. 

Berry & Place Machine Company, 

PARKE &.LACY,.Proprietors. 

No. 323 and 325 Market Street, ... Francisco, Cal. 

Importers and Dealers in e\'ery Variety of 


Stationary, Portable and Hoisting Engines and Boilers, 

Sbingrle Mills, Emery Grinders and Emery Wheels, Gardner Governors, Leather 
and Rubber Belting and Packing, together with a general line 
of Mining and Mill Supplies. 
Catalogues and Price Lists fumistied on application. .St 

Natlianiel Curry & Bro, 

Its Sansome Street, San Franoisoo, 


W. W. Greener's Celebrated Breech Loading Double Guns. 

W. W. Greener's Trap Gun, 12, 14 or 16 Gauge, $85. 


Ammunition in quantities to suit. A liberal discount to the trade. Price List on Application 





Improved Churn and Butter-Worker. 

Pafd U. S. , July 6, 1880. Pafd Canada, Dec. 2, 1880. 

This Churn is the most perfect machine of its diss ever 
made; the result of several years' study and experiment, 
by a practical dairyman. Made extra heavy of ihe best 
materi^vl. Ihe only NON-CORROSIVE METALLIC 
Churn ever offered to the public. 

It took the First Premium at the Sto'-kton Fair, Nevada 
State Fair and the California State Fair, 1881, as a churn, 
and a Diploma as the best Butter- Wo-ker. For further 
partiiulars and circulars address the Inventor and Sole 
Patentee. GEO. W. FREEMAN, 

Oakland, CaL 
Or Jas. L. Haley, Jauesville, Lassen Co., Cal., 
Benicia Agricultural Works, Bonicia, Cal. 



All kinds of Fancy and Staple Groceries, wholesale and 
Retail, at their Stores, 

323 to 33 I Sixth St., I 307 Polk St., 

— AND — 

1144 AND 1146 FOLSOM ST., S. F. 

Goods delivered to any part of the cit}', or to any rail- 
road, steamer or vessel, free of charge. 

Country Orders Specially Solicited. 

All such orders must be accompanied by a check or cash. 
All goods promptly delivered and warranted as to quality. 
^"Orders most respectfully solicited. 

To Squirrels, Gophers, Birds, 
Mice, £tc. 

1^ Endorsed by the Grange and all others who have 
used it 



Put up in 1 tti , 5 lb., and 5 gallon tins. Manufactured by 

A. R. BOOTH. Eagle Drug Store, 

San Lule Obispo, Cal. 

Soieiiific Press 

Faieii ige&sf. 


Inventors on the Pacitio Coast will find it greatly to their advantage to consult this old 
experienced, first-class Agency. We have able and trustworthy associates and Agents in Wash- 
ington and the capital cities of the principal nations of the world. In connection with our edi- 
torial, scientific and Patent Law Library, and record of original cases in our office, we have 
other advantages far beyond those which can be offered home inventors by other Agencies. The 
information accumulated through long and careful practice before the OfBce, and the frequent 
examination of Patents already granted, for the purpose of determining the patentability of 
inventions brought before us, enables us often to give advice which will save inventors the 
expense of applying for Patents upon inventions which are not new. Circulars of advice sent 
free on receipt of postage. Address PEWEY & CO., Patent Agents, 252 Market St., S, f, 



Is the Best Pump in in the World, Another 
New Improvement la Lewis Patent 
Spray Attachment. 

Can change from solid stream to spray instantly. Re(ru- 
lar retail price, 86. Weight, 4 J lbs. Length, 32 inches. 
111 Leidesdorff bt., S. F. 
P S. A sample oan be seen at this office. 



Oomer of Front and M Streets, Sacramento. 


Fruit and Packing Boxes Made to Order, 


Commonicatlons Promptly Attended to. 'M 
OOOKE & SONS, Saccesaore tu CoOKi ft Obmort 

The American Driven 

Send for Circulars. 


40 Dlerchan I x' KxcliaiiKe San Franciaco, Ca.|. 

On no Inr^p ftlKc CAROR. Remrtn- 
aiiri'. Sf iiliiiii nl, llniill lliir|ll.'(, &r. 
'iiillki . nil, «l. I'li'iisi'M nd 

U^r Allium iif IIIO iMiiii|ili'> iiiiil lUI ol 
lOOcli.iriiiil |in.|iniim.iiiiil«i./<(/"ricr/,Mf. 
line (litlt Uevi'l KUi^c C'ur(lii,turiiL'il coruvr,lUc. 



-1. Iirl 

(. Wroirrrtlidlnnrra llnr nfCnriU 

i li-lterln!; 
I inakr .'lO ppr r 
l'n'lllllllll^ nnil llic liinr.l. |irlri'<i. >Vo llll nil iirili<r> 
prumpllv mill v'liaraiili'i' MilUriii i 

yllcil Mll'li lililiil. I'.'iriUiil uliiili.Mili' iii'lri'^. K.IiiIiIMkuI IH7U. 

.>011TllhllltU CAIII) HdltkS. Niirllironl. riiiiii. 

Silos Reservoirs, Head Gates, 


RANSOME, 402 Montgomery St., S. P. Send for circniar. 


This is ;i sure and certain preventative to keep borsea 
from runmug away. Price $2. SO. AddreH W. P. 
MERRILL, Florin, Sacramento Co., Cal. 



[July 15 X882 

B c o isr o ivc"^," 



September 25, 1877, 


JANUARY 22, 1878. 



fort^blh: h^y ^jntd m:oss press. 

The E30nomy Hay Preae, of which the above cut is a representation, has not only achieved a well-merited precedenoe over all other H»y Presses, bat it also retains its world-wide repu- 
tation for pressing hay, etc., more compactly than any other press in the market, hence all kinds of railroad oars m»y be loaded with Fpll Weight of Hay. The Eoonomy is operated with 
but little force, and is sold at so low a pries that any farmer can buy it. and more money is made in operating this Press than can be done by any of its competitors, which fact can be fully 
substantiated in any locality where the Eoonomy has been introduced. Being in use in every State and Territory in the United States and Canada, and having received the first premium over 
all its numerous competitors in 1880, without lxception, the claims of the E:onomy to supeiiority remain undisputed. For years, one of these Presses has been turned out daily, but such is 
the increasing demand that the works will be enlarged to accommodate the accumulation of orders. Parties desiring to purchase a machine for baling hay, straw, etc., would consult their own 
interests by investigating the merits of this Press thoroughly before contracting for any other. 


This Press, if shipped knocked down, will be in 28 packages, with one box of fixtures. If so shipped, when it arrives at its destination, three men of ordinary knowledg* of machinery, 
can easily put it together in two hours. It can then be drawn by two horses over any ordinary road and pass through such wagon gates as are found on farms. Upon reaching the hay -stack, the 
horses are detached from the tongue of the Press, and one is hitched to the power sweep on the side of it ; the Press is then ready for service. Three men, with one horse, can press 80 bales of 
hay in a day, weighing from 190 to 250 Ids. per bale, including moving and making the wire ties as they need them. From 100 to 125 bales can be loaded in a railroad box car, weighing from 10 
to 12 tons. 

This Press, when called complete, consists of the main Press, with the Power, Tie-Making Machine, Trucks with Tongue, Double-Tree and Neck Yike, Tie Stretche-, Hay Hook, and one 
good Wrench; and is generally shipped knocked down, especially to distant places, in 28 packages and one box with fixtures. It is also shipped monnted or set up, if so ordered. 
Weight of the Economy Press, 3,200 Ibs. All persons are cautioned to give correct shipping directions, in order to avoid mistakes and delays. 

Price of Press, Complete, at Sacramento or San Francisco. $450. Address 

BACKER & EL^iyniLTOlNr, Sole Agents, 

San Francisco or Sacramento. 


Self-Opening Iron Farm Gate 

PaWnted May 3. 1881.] 

It Is lilt' \ liaiii|iii»ii <il Uii ^> orld for Its 

Simplicity, Diirabilit.T andgeuorni Evrclloiice* 

Arlington Farm. Davis\ ii.i.e, Yolo Co.. June 3. 1S82. 

A r. Cami'TON. Esg , l>otr Sir: The two Automatic Iron 
Gates of your pat«Dt loue 12 and the other 10 ft in width) 
erected by you on my farm, two miltH west of DaTi&vilie, 
have Kiveu me entire satisfaction. They are all you repre- 
sent them to be. the rnoBt substantial, the neatest and the 
most easily operated of any gate that I know of. They are 
just the gate that every farmer should have; in fact, they 
cannot afford to do without them. Respectfully yours, 

H. M Larl-e. 

A. P. C'ampton. P. O Box. 1210, San Joae, Cal., patentee; 
John Aylward. manufacturer. P. O. Box. SB, Livermore, Ala- 
meda Co.. Cal., and Jas. Staalcy, Mission San Jose. Cal., 

£xoelsior Fruit Fitter. 

Invented by A Donatella. 

This machine recommends itself 
by the following good qualitiefl: 

Rapidity of work, OLe operator 
doing the work of four with kuiveB. 
Itclean? the pit perfectly, wastes 
no fruit, and leavt-s the plum in 
two equal parts. It ia easily op- 
erated. Makes no litter, the pita 
drtipjting in a vessel under the 
table. The plum remaining be- 
tween thuml) and finger can be 
pUced directly on the riddle for 
the Drjer. Simplicity of col- 
7-^ struction. Cannot tret out of or- 
der. Will wurk equally well on 
grt eii or very ripe Plums. Prunea. 
Apricota or Nectarines pitted with 
' this machine dry more eveidy and 
look nicer than when chipped 
off with a knife. 
The low price comes within reach 
ofalL and will p»y for itself with two day's work. It is in- 
valuable to the nousewife for preparing fruit for canning and 
other purposes. Ask your hardware dealer tor it. Try it 
and be coDTinoed. For particulars address. 

A. DONATELLA, Healdsburg. CaL 

F. A. HILL, Superintendent. 

E. P. PALMER, Secretary. 


Becently removed from Ean Leaudro, to Benicia, Cal. Formerly Sweepstake Plow Co. 

Manufacturers of 


Qane Plows, Road and Field Single Plows, Iron and Wood Frame Har- 
rows, Cultivators, Seed Sowers, Hay Presses, Haying and Har- 
vesting Machinery, Headers, Iron Farm and Freight 
Wagons, Patent Iron Gear Spring Wagons, 

Spring and Thoroughbrace Wagons 


Buckboards, Barrows, Store and Warehouse Trucks, Grain 
Cleaners, Barley Crushers, Eureka Ditching and Grad- 
ing Plows, Sweepstake Quartz Mills, Etc. 

The Larerest aad Moat Complete Agrrlcultural Works on the Coast- 

Tbe buildings are over 1.60(J ft. in length, and have a flnor durface of 105, 402 square feet, or nearly 2j acre«. 
The wharves, connected with the worka by rail, are over *>00 ft in length, and have a floor fcurf ace of mnre than 40,f 00 square 
ft., including warehouse. The niacliinery is entirely new, of latest improved patterns throughout. With this Mammoth 
Establishment and skilled raechunica in every dep^rtnl*■nt, we are prepared to Imilrl everj' KinJ of iuiDlement to ()rdcr. and 
parties i-eeding su^tjestioDB or assistance in iierfecting iuventioun will have the ln^.st kind of aid and assistance, thereby saving 
time, labor and coin. Our facilities are tucli as to iubure rapid work and prompt sliipments. either by raM or water, thus 
makinK a good tavinp for parties in the interior who order jfuodH from these Works, We particularly invite correspon- 
dence from the country, and prompt responses will be sent to all inquiries Wc have increased facilities for manufactur- 
ing not only Spring, farm and Thoroutrh brace Watjous. but all styles of Vehicles will be built to order, including Iron 
Uear Spring Wagons with the Celebrated Tateut iron Wheel; al o, the Sweepstake Patent Iron Farm and Freight ^Vagon. 
We are sole manufacturers of the Celebrated Hill's Eureka Sulky (>aug Plow, the mnec jHipuIar Caug in the State, o.' 
which there are a greater number in use than any other make. Always victorious at plowing matches, and has made a 
clean sweep of premiums since 1870, and at tbe late State Fair at Sacramento, was awarded the 6r:^t premium of one hun- 
dred dollars. 



1 gniaraatee a pure Lan^ehan, Croad Strain, 
fine, healthy Chicke, not related, for sale of 
this maxnifitient breed, for September delivery. 

1416 FolEoro St., S. F. 

H'll's Kureka Single Sulky Deep Tiller 
" Tule Plow. 
" ImproTed Granger (lang. 
" Im'd Single So<l and Tule Plow. 
" S.ngle I'lows. 

I Hill's Sweepstake Koad and Breaking Gillis' Improved Horse Powera. 
I Plows. I Cultivators. 

Side Hill Gang. (iem Seed Sowers. 

I " Double Deep Tiller. I Hill's Improved Headers. 

I Fresno Ditching and Grading Plow. i Wood and Iron llarrowa, etc. 

Remember that Water-Communication injures Cheap Freights. That dealers, farmers and others li?iui[ at, or 
near the Sacramento or San Joequin rivers or their tributaries, oan niakeaGREAT SAVING OF FREIGHT by b-iying 
(ioods manufactured by the Bknu i \ AciitR L'LTi ual Works, either direct, or through .Mes.srs. Bakek k Hamu-Tun, 
agents, San Francisco and Sacramento. The overland train passes R'tween wharf and works, so that parties from the in- 
tfcrior. or from San iTancisco, will be lauded at the door of the factory. Wholesale and retail dealefs. farmers and con- 
sumers art* cordially invittd to call at the works and examine for themselves. Our line of niauuracturo embraces all of 
Californiti's Standard make of Ajrricultural Implements. We aim to excel allin our line of Manufacture in producing the best 
Implements, with all tlie Latest I'ractical Improvements, which are peculiarly adiiptinl to our soil and the Pacific Coast, 
both iu tilling ground anl harvcating the grain: producing articles which combine all that genius, enti^rprise and science 
can insure A guarantee to the purchaser, and a credit to the manufacturer. Correspondence is invited that we may sttnd 
Circulars and descriptive lists. Address, 


Or Agents, BAKER & HAMILTON, San Francisco and Sacramento. 


The brat Small Bale Hu>- Press ina<1«4. Pats 
10 ton« of lli6> Dryeat Hay in a common 
box car. Capacity about 
one ton per liour. 

Hight. 4 ft.; Width, 2 ft ; Length. 12 ft ; Weight. 2,800 Ibe 
Size of bale when out of press, lSx23 inches, and 3 ft.. 6 
inchts long. Average weight, 175 lbs. One hundred and 
twenty-eli;ht bales will go in a car. Bales as smooth and 
i^Muare as plug» of tobacco. Press strongly mounttd. Can 
bj moved anywhere, up canyons and over hills, with two 
horses. Re^iuiree no ttahing down. Ready for business as 
soon as It arrives at stack. Bale is pressed against an end 
door Iwhich is opened after the bale Is vied) and is pushed 
out simply by putting in more bay. Horse works on a lerer. 
16 ft. long, walking half way round and back, pressing a 
charge when going either way Follower goes back itself. 
No side doors. Bale tied through slots in the sides. Made 
of the toughest Eastern white oak. Iron work very heavy. 


MADKBKK<»UK. Warranted not to break for one year, liivlng 
best satisfaction wherever used. Price. $550. Manufac- 
tured at the works of the San Leandro Plow Co., by 

JACOB PRICE. San Leandro, Cal., 

Inventor and manufacturer of the Price or Petaluma Press, 
the improved Eagle Press, the Eclinse Press, and importer 
and manufacturer of the CELEBRATtiD DEDERICK 
PRESSES, all styles. Send for illustrattd catalogue and 
price list of th e above-named Presses, ^_ 



Portable Galvanizeil IroD 


I8 the best thlnit yet introduced Jot 
ibe lurpose. 

Fruit ev,ii)oratod by tbe Zimmor- 
man I'roc f » coniniauiiS the highest 
piicc of any. Fruit growers should 
send (or di 'iciiBtiye catalofc'ue. with 
testiuiouials. to 
325 Market Street. 8. F. ""^ 

Or to the following »([ei.ti: .)no. B. 
NUes, Los Angeles: L. 8 Lesb. 
MarysTille; T. H. Wait. Salem, Or.: T. w. MiJler, The 
Dalles, Or; H. M. Porter STo., Walla Wall a, W T. i-'- . 

C. X>. OASS, M. B., 

Consulting and Operating Physician, 

1116 Broadway Oakland, 
Will vieit patlonta at a distance for consuHaMon or to 

Volume XXIV.] 


Number 4 

The War in Egypt. 

We made note last week of the little war in 
Egypt and its possible effects upon the grain 
markets. Since we wrote, the bombardment of 
Alexandria by the British fleet resulted in the 
routing of the forces under the command of 
the insurgent, Arabi Pasha, and the occupation 
of the city by the British and American ma- 
rines — their object being to protect the city 
from plunder and retsore order under the con- 
stituted authority of the Khedive. During the 
bombardment of the city and before the marines 
could land from the foreign men- 
of-war in the harbor, the city was 
pillaged by the Arabj and thieves 
generally, many people were mur- 
dered and many buildings burned, 
including the Consulates of Great 
Britain, the United States, and 
other nations. At the time of the 
present writing, order has been 
restored in Alexandria, the Khe- 
dive has been reinstated in his 
capital, but the hordes of Bedouins 
and other plunderers under Aiabi 
Pasha are encamped at a distance 
and are now menacing Cairo, and 
the Suez canal is still in great 

The details of the war are given 
from day to day in the daily 
papers. We allude to the matter 
chiefly to give, by the aid of an 
engraving, a glimpse of the sort of 
people who are disturbing the 
peace of the old "granary of the 
world." Our picture is reproduced 
from a painting by Gerome, and 
gives a good idea of several classes 
who figure largely in the popula- 
tion of Egvpt. Upon the right of 
the engraving is a dignified mer- 
chant of capital and pretentions. 
He is either a Turk or Pertiau; 
grave, sedate and dignified, and as 
dissimilar to the excitable and 
vivacious Arab as is a mastiff to a 
spaniel. His courtesy is as great 
as his gravity and his dignity. 
He does the honors of his stall 
Icke a prince, and his snowy tur- 
ban, long caftan (gown) and ven- 
erable beard flowing down like 
floss-silk over his breast, cause 
him to resemble one. Yet, as you 
see, there is " speculation in his 
orbs," and the venerable man has 
actually converted himself into a 
walking bazaar, with Turkish 
cimeter from Damascus in silver 
sheath, danglitg from his peaceful 
loins, an embroidered jacket 
thrown over bis shoulder, and a 
silken scarf hanging from bis left 
arm, all on exhibition to a small 
group of four customers, all of 
different nationalities, as shown 
by costume and countenance. 

The cimeter, with hilt cf rhi- 
noceros-horn and curved blade, 
on which are inscribed verses 
from the Koran, has attracted the attention of 
the Turkish cawaas, or mercenary soldier, who 
is apparently examining the temper of the 
blade, or the inscription thereupon. Armed to 
the teeth, with sword at side, and two pistols 
ostentatiously displayed in his sash, he is quite 
the ruffian he looks; equally ready for riot or 
crime, and as reckless of his own life as of that 
of others. 

His companion, who ia also eagerly examin- 
ing the same cimeter, and whose costume is so 
dissimilar, is an Arnaout or Albanian soldier, 
whose semi-Greek costume and blood have 
not made him a whit less savage in nature or in 
habits than his Turkish confrere. In fact, he is 
apt to be the worse devil of the two, and his 
face indicates it unmistakably, though his gay, 
half-Greek costume, and long gun with crutch- 
like stock, make him the more picturesque vag- 
abond of the two. The other two are evidently 
mere passers-by, attracted by curiosity and the 
love of seeing the progress of a trade, both 
•troDg passions with th« native Egyptian. And 

these are to the "manor born" Egyptians, per 
sang, which none of the others are. One is 
probably a neighboring trader, the other the 
servant of some rich bey or pasha. 

In the distance you see the muffled figures of 
two women, carefully shrouded and veiled 
from the gaze of man, but whose costume is 
not suggestive of the symmetry of the fair 
forms it may or may not so effectually conceal. 
The latticed window above indicates that it is a 
harem they are entering, into which their sable 
guide and guardian, of neutral gender, has pre- 
ceded them. 

The face and attitude of the old merchant 
make a good study. He is watching with pen- 

Bebmuda Grass and Alkali Soil. — Gen. 
Shields writes the experience of growers of Ber- 
muda grass in the Compton region. He says: 
On the less intensely alkaline edges of the belt 
of saline surfeit, plant Bermuda grass. Here it 
will root and send out runners, which will root 
at every joint, where not too alkaline, and will 
run without rooting where too alkaline. These 
runners will shade and shield the soil from the 
sun and wind, two active promoters of alkaline 
efflorescence. In the meantime rains and irri- 
gations wash away prior alkali accumulationp. 
In time the Beimuda runners root where they 
would not root before. In this way the Ber- 


etrating eye and immovable sang froid, the in- 
tent faces of the prospective purchasers, whose 
whole armory of weapons cannot protect them 
against his superior craft and managment. On 
his extended fingers he is indicating the price 
he will take for the coveted cimeter — 300 pias- 
ters, probably, as his three fingers only are 

Forestry. — At the last session of the Ameri- 
can Forestry Congress, held in Cincinnati, there 
was provision made for general representation 
by the selection of a Vice-President from each 
State and Territory in the United States. R. 
E. C. Stearns, Ph. D. of Berkeley, was chosen 
as Vice-President for California. The next 
meeting of the Congress will be held in Montreal, 
in August next. 

Two artesian wells will be sunk in Colorado 
by Commissioner Loring as an experiment to- 
ward reclaiming the desert sections by irriga- 

muda grass will conquer, by gradually encroach- 
ing upon alkali, and encroach by conquering — 
will sweeten its way by spreading, and spread 
by sweetening its way. Thus the strongest al- 
kali spots and streaks may be subdued and con- 
verted into valuable pastures. For further par- 
ticulars, and for confirmation of what is here 
stated about Bermuda grass, visit the ranch of 
the Rev. Robert Strong, at Westminster. 

The Eureka Lake & Yuba Canal Company 
has commenced the construction of an immense 
dam in Grizzly canyon, near the Middle Yuba, 
to impound the tailings from their Columbia 
Hill mines. The owners of the American mine, 
which is located within a mile of San J uan, has 
a crew of men engaged in procuring timbers for 
the construction of a crib dam to impound tail- 
ings, to be built in the American ravine, near 
the Middle Yuba river. 

The Siamese Government is sending a repre- 
gentative to this oonntry, for the firit time. 

The Nurseryman's Services. 

Nurserymen are rather modest people in 
print, although they sometimes tell you freely 
what they think of themselves and of each other, 
when you corner them on the shady side of the 
plant house. They do not crowd us with arti- 
cles setting forth their resources ; in fact, we 
often wish they would give us far more about 
their new plants, new fruits and new experi- 
ences, for the upright and intelligent nursery- 
man does a public service, while he gains his 
bread. As a promoter of the beautiful, he is 
no doubt an agent for the elevation 
of mankind; aad as an industrial 
worker, his product lies at the 
fnuodation of many successes. 
We were ready to think well of 
him even before the honored Pat- 
rick B»rry, at the last meeting of 
the Nurserymen's Association, 
gave his associates the following, 
merited praise: 

I liavH a pretty gooi kniwledge of the 
nursery biisinesn in thia country, fur nearly 
half a century, and I can say that the nur- 
seryman, on the whole, have couducted their 
1) Hiness with a degree of eut' rpiise, liber- 
ali'y and ski 1 thit entitle them to the ad- 
m ration and gratitude cf the Amtrcm 
people. Tbev have filled our land Inun ihe 
At a'lt.c to thi Pacific with the (ineat fruit«. 
Tiieyhave scattered broadcast, and brought 
within ei.'y reach of uh our peopl-, oriia- 
niintal shruij.s and plants of eveiy de^icip- 
tion. The rak'. cemeteiiea. pi asure 
grounds, puljlic and private, everywhere 
give evidence of the nurseryman's skill, in- 
dustry and enterprise. 

Mr. Barry proceeded to discuss 
the present condition and the out- 
look of Eastern nursery business, 
aid found some cause for misgiv- 
logs. We are not aware how far 
the unfavorable conditions prevail 
here, but we surmise that the bus- 
iness has a brighter financial side 
here than at the East, in seme re- 
spects, at least. If we err, our 
nurserymen readers can set us 
right. We imagine that the hor- 
ticultural mania which las pre- 
vailed for the last two or three 
years has resulted in some very 
profitable propagation, although 
it is true that planters h%ve rushed 
after certain things only, so that 
much unfashionable stock has had 
to be sacrificed by the tree grower. 
However this may be, it s(eTis 
tbat, at the East, the business has 
drifted into very shalloiv water, 
for Mr. Birry says: 

How will the nurserymen do in the 
future? Will they do as well? I hone they 
will. They should do even better, and tUey 
wi I do better, provided the profits of their 
business will place in their ha ids th-jneces- 
s<u-y means. I have some fears for the 
fiuure--porhap8 they are not wel -,'rounded. 
For several years past the profits have been 
small, if any— indeed, is has been, for many, 
haril work to keep their heads above water, 
i ispito of hard work and ngi < economy. 
Tlio cost of labor and all the materials ua3d 
by the uurseriea have advanced with u 15 
and 2(J years from 20 to 50 per cent, ; while 
prices of trees and plants have dtcli'ied In 
ab ut the saiut) ratio, Thia has croduted a 
great change, I think that much stock naa 
bdcii Bold below cost. In c mputiug the 
cost of trees, a great many things must be 
taken into account besides the actual expense of growl g the 
tree in the field, and I 'hink it safe to say that most cr.ips of 
trees cost at least double what they are aupp jsed to do. It 
is necessary to look at the result of several yt ars and a-^veral 
crops, the failures must be reckoned in as WtU as the auc- 
cetses. I think this ia a matter of vital imp irtance to the 
trade, and I trust it will receive due consideration. 

We have no nurserymen's association here to 
discuss such matters, but our nurserymen have 
the RcRAL through which they can discuss their 
business to their hearts' content, providing 
they do not act like measly Congressmen and 
call each other names. It is a good thing to 
discuss matters. The disputants and the peo- 
ple are instructed, and trade certainly drifts to 
the men who show public spirit and intelligence 
in the discussion of matters pertaining to plant 
growth and propagation. Let us hear about 
tree and plant growth, either from a business 
point of view or otherwise. 

For the year ending June 30fch,'tho total value 
of exports from the United States was^ - 



[July 22, 1882 


We admit, anendormd, opinions ol correspondents.— Kds. 

Scientific Names. 

Editor-s Phess: — Nearly every day some 
stranger passing our door inquires the name of 
* gorgeous blooming border plant, which, for 
more than two months, has been showing a 
bright band of color against the dark evergreen?. 
"Me-sem-bry-an-the-mum," we reply, slowly 
pronouncing each syllable. A look of profound 
discouragement, not to say disgust, is usually 
the only reward of our painstaking; but some- 
times this takes the form of] an open remon- 
strance against the tyranny of botanists who 
have inflicted these dreadful jaw-breaking 
names upon the helpless plants. "Why not 
call it something which one can remember?' 
That is a hard ouestion to answer during an 
ordinary call, and I want to make a little 
sermon of it to help out brother Matthew Cooke 
and the entomologists, as well as the physiolo 
gists who are hunting bacteria, and all kindred 

I want to show how essential a part of science 
is its nomenclature. Without the use of special 
namee, which can be recognized equally well by 
German. English, French, or students of any 
other piogressive nation, no accurate informa- 
tion could possibly be accumulated or trans 
mitted. Popular names in any language can 
never take the place of the Latin and Greek, 
which are. so to speak, the mother tongues of 
science. We know a little flower as pansy, or 
beart's-ease. In Germany they call it "Jrei- 
faltig-heits-blump," which, being interpreted, 
means "Trinity flower." They have a beauti- 
ful legend, which gives the pansy the same 
place among flowers which amethyst holds 
among gems. Its purple symbolizes the royal 
robe of God the Father, its red the love of the 
Holy Ghost, its deepest violet the humiliation 
of Christ, and the yellow, being like the light of 
the sun, shows the co-equal glory of all the 
divine persons before the incarnation. Now, in 
Germany, among the educated, there is a whole 
poem in this jaw-breaking name of their's for 
the dear little pensee, as the Frenchman calls it, 
his word meaning simply "a thought." Science 
sweeps all the poetry and prose of it into one 
boldly descriptive term, viola tricolor. The 
first part refers to the family or group, and in- 
cludes all the wild white, yellow, purple or 
pied violets on the plant; and the second part 
of the term to this species or particular kind of 
violet, which has characters common to no 
other. If Monsieur reads out the close, clear 
description, his pensee comes at once to bis men- 
tal vision, while to Mein Herr the Trinity 
flower, and to the Englishman his heart's ease 
blooms afresh. And so with all the plants, 
animals and insects, we need to understand not 
only what they are, but what they are not be- 
fore we can consider ourselves acquainted with 

In the study of insects the greatest technical 
exactness is required. "Bug" means almost 
anything that has wings or can burrow, and 
"fly" may mean the turnip beetle, the herds- 
man's "gad," the hop growers" aphis, or some 
hundreds of American, European or Australian 
insects. As if this was not enough to create 
inextricable confusion of tongues in any attempt 
at description, what was a "worm" yesterday 
is very like a bug to-day, and to-morrow a 
gorgeous butterfly, or '"flutterby," as the old 
Saxon hath it. The dispute over the shield 
was a trifle compared with the disputes which 
have arisen over the four-sided shields with 
which the entomologists have to deal. Bat not 
the entomologists alone — the farmer has to deal 
with them, and we are beginning tcf understand 
that the statesman, if worthy of the name, will 
see how large a part this entomological science 
is to olay in the State craft of the future. 

A Wisconsin farmer, who had been listening 
to a lively discussion between an agricultural 
professor and other farmers in a convention, rose 
to speak of the diflioulties in the way of farm- 
ers obtaining any accurate knowledge of en- 
tomology, or other sciences pertaining to his pur- 
suits. He said: "If you will allow a farmer 
to say something about these hard names, they 
are among the obstacles thrown in our way, not 
only in botany, but in law, medicine and even 
theology. Civilized names come from civilized 
nations. Now those names (pointing to the pro- 
fessor's charts) are Greek words, transplanted 
into Rome, and coming down to us with Kiman 
terminations, and thence transplanted all over 
the civilized world. They spread just as those 
spores do (pointing to the chart again), and they 
stand right in the way of our acquiring knowl- 
edge. "They find plenty of congenial soil. There 
is a craft about these things. We have what 
we call priestcraft, and we have lawyer's 
craft, and political craft, which prevents 
our getting laws made to suit us, and 
we have literary craft, and that is what is 
the matter with those words. You send a farm- 
er's boy to the University to learn a particular 
thing, and the first thing he sees is those big 
.fords; and the professor says: 'You had better 
ti>'-e up Latin and Greek, so as to understand 
t4..^m.' Now, what we farmers want, is to have 

tlie school books so reorganized that we can get 
at the thing in pure English, so that our boys 
will not be dumbfounded and confounded with 
this Latin and Greek that they have to spend 
three or four years learning." 

This is the way that a great many farmers 
feel, and accounts for the lack of support by the 
farmers, of the agricultural colleges. Suflicient 
pains have not been taken to show tbat the study 
of Latin and Greek, as languages, is not at all 
necessary to a suflicient knowledge of the scien 
tifl"c terminology derived from those languages, 
to answer the specific purposes of an agricultural 
education. The G reek and Litin professors, know- 
ing little or nothing of farming, cannot see over 
the edges of their ruts, and the farmer winks 
at his brother farmer in the rut beside him and 
says, ''a bug's a bug for a' that." 

What we want is rather strongly hinted at in 
the Wisconsin farmer's speech. Not the sub 
stitution of pure ICnglish for the scientific names 
now in use, but such reorganization of school 
books and studies as will bring the study of 
wordsand things together just at theagewhenthe 
power of observation is quickened by the study 
of words in which the results of observation 
have been crystallized. 

If a horde of barbarians were suddenly to 
appear on our borders, threatening to carry de 
struction like that of the Goths and Vandals in 
their train, all the rights of protection which 
inhere in good governments would be immedi 
ately extended. But the enemies to our pros 
perity as a State are not to be counted by mil 
lions even, and there are many calling them 
selves good citizens who begrudge the expendi 
tures, and hesitate over the legislation which 
has attended the first feeble steps at repression. 

Not only should these be increased tenfold, 
but a knowledge, accurate as far as it goes, at 
least of the distinction between beneficial and 
noxious insects, a general knowledge of insect 
depredations and preventives should be required 
in every public school. This is simply good 
policy in time of peace, but, as a war measure, 
much more might properly be required of our 

Many reasons could be urged in behalf of 
making; entomology a branch of public school 
education — one of ine most urgent is the impos- 
sibility of adequately meeting the exigencies 
practically before us, with the small number 
of trained observers now in the field. 

Prof. Kiley, who was set to this work by the 
State of Missouri, in 1808, and who has made a 
world-wide reputation by his observations, was 
asked how many species of insects probably ex 
isted in the world. He estimated from pub- 
lished data that there are at least a million. 
Probably not half of these are injurious, but so 
dense is the popular ignorance concerning 
them, that the warfare includes alike beneficial 
and noxious species. Children should be taught 
to recognize the dragon fly as the farmers friend, 
and that Mr. Frog, who is so fat that he can 
hardly jump, has probably a belly full of the 
May beetles that in a larva state cut o£f the 
roots of grain aud other crops; that a single 
skunk will destroy miriads of strawberry and 
other grubs; and all these should be known by 
their correct names. 

Since I have urged the nsefuIneBS of scien 
tific names, let me also recommend the substi 
tution of the English descriptive names gen- 
erally in use by scientific people instead of 
those which are essentially, vulgar as applied to 
most serviceable creatures. The insect which 
is vulgarly known as the "stink bug." but 
which deserves the name, "soldier bug." given 
it in books, from its incessant war upon cut 
worms, is an example. 

The right name for common things is impor- 
tant on higher grounds than I have touched. 
Before leaving the subject, I wish to acknowl- 
edge my appreciation of the services of Dr. 
Harkness in unraveling the secrets of the 
fungi, which form another class of rural enemies 
of which we have hitherto had little correct in- 
formation. We will promise to master the lit- 
tle Latin and Greek which the Doctor may need 
in distinguishing their character's, If he will give 
us a practical pamphlet upon the most impor- 
tant species. These immense vineyards, spread- 
ing on every side, seem from their very magni- 
tude to invite mildews and blights, and we 
must be forearmed by knowledge which is now 
the possession of a few scientific observers, 
Jb.\nne C, Carr. 

Pasadena. July 6, 1882. 

Tuolumne Notes. 

"Blow, winds! and waft through all the ronm 
The snowflakes o( the cherry blooms I 
Blow, winds I and bend within very reach 
The flery blossoms of the peach." 


Mildly blow, ye winds, only a zephyr's thrill ; 

Sine nature's .K. ilian aong, the lisl'iiing ear to Pll; 

Meloiiiom fan the tremhline leaves of trees. 

So sweet at evening hour, when lulled by gentle breeze. 

The above verse from Longfellow's very sweet 
poem, "A Day of Sunshine," made us perpe- 
trate a verse to suit our very quiet and gentle 
foothill atmosphere. Seldom are we troubled 
by strong gales of wind, as are daily experienced 
on the great plains of the San -Toaquin. Long- 
fellow was tru'y a poet by nature. His rural 
subjects are treated with a grand flavor of poetic 
imagining. Surely, no true poet ever existed, 
but what was a lover of nature and s believer 
in nature's God. 

Spring has gone and summer is here in its 
hottest element. The farmers are busy secur- 
ing their medium harvest. Our county will 
have a crop fully up to the average. The fruit 
is abundant in some orchards, while in others 

it suffered from frost and blight. The heat is 
taxing the strength of old and young trees and 
vines. A few of the very best conditioned will 
succumb to decay. Apricots have been in mar 
ket for some time — retailing price, four cents 
per pound. Hugh Guinn has had a superior 
cling peach in market for three weeks. Bodie 
was treated on the Fourth with a very fine load 
of his best peaches, blackberries, etc. Mr 
Guinn is very enterprising, and keeps his gar 
den in first-class condition. At the last visit 
we made, not a weed was to be seen, the ground 
amongst his trees being plowed and rolled — all 
of which makes it pleasant to gather and handle 
the fruit. A large space of new ground has been 
planted to peach and choice pears — Bartlett 
etc. The apple is on probation. The codlin 
moth seems to be partially conquered. Few 
have fallen so far. The crop is abundant 
Pears will be scarce; plums and peaches, fully 
an average. Steadily the fruit area is extend 
ing. New orchards are planted and old ones 
cultivated and renewed. It is a never-failing 
source of remunerative industry. Health and 
wealth are found in a well-conducted garden 
It is both pleasing to eye and profitable to 

We fully apDreciated your old-fashioned bar 
vest scene. Our hands bear scars from the 
handling of the sickle. It was a sight to wit 
ness 40 or 50 women spread over a field of grain, 
the hinders following, stacking the sheaves into 
small ricks or stacks, as termed in Scotland. 
Oh, it was back-breaking for the mothers and 
maidens. Sometimes the baby would sleep the 
time <iway, nestled amongst the young grain 
A breathing spell would surely bring forth a 
swelling song from the tired throng to cheer the 
drooping spirits of the harvesters. Pay-day 
was a feature and an exciting ceremony; beer, 
rolls and repartee enlivened the scene. The last 
handful cut was saved to be dressed and hung 
up in a conspicnous place, commemorative of 
the event. But was there not a righteous oppo- 
sition when the cradle superceded the sickle' 
The yearly pic-money of the cotter's wife and 
daughters was seen to pass away, and the pro- 
gressive farmer who first dared the storm was 
long held in detestation and scorn. How the 
ptesent system could have been introduced 50 
or 60 years ago in rural districts is more than I 
can comprehend. But well do I remember the 
introduction of the cradle. 

The world moves, but do happiness and quiet 
content move in the same ratio? With all our 
boasted machinery, do the poor enjoy its prod 
ucts? Man may create labor-saving machines, 
80 as only to look on with will power and guid- 
ing hand, using the appliances for self-agrand- 
izement. With all our modern innovaticn', are 
not the rich getting richer and the poor 
poorer; forgetting that we are only almoners of 
Diviae bounty, and will be strictly accountable 
for its use or abuse. John Taylor. 

Mt. Pleasant, July 10, 1882. 

Riverside Apricots. 

The Riverside growers have had rather an ex- 
citing time with their apricots this year. The 
Press gives the following account of the crop 
and the disposition made of it: 

San Bernardino county is getting a good rep 
utation for an apricot country, and Riverside 
has at present the bulk of the crop of the 
county. Two years ago Mr. Wright established 
a branch of a San Jose cannery at Riverside, 
and put up about GO tons of apricots. Last year 
he moved his cannery to Colton, and the crop, 
which amounted to 150 tons, was mostly used 
up by being dried, but some was taken to Col- 
ton and sold to Wright. 

This year the Riverside Fruit Company was 
organized, and a large cannery was established 
The fruit was quite late this season, on account 
of the cold weather, but during the latter part 
of Jnne warm weather came on quite rapidly 
and evinced good staying qualities. The result 
was that the crop ripened up with unprece 
dented rapidity. During last week the fruit 
was delivered at the cannery at the rate of from 
15 to '20 tons per day; hands were scarce, and 
the capacity of the cannery to can and dry fruit 
was not equal to the emergency. 

Several weeks ago the Fruit Co. desired to 
contract for the fruit of the valley at •'j2.75 per 
hundred pounds. Some entered into the con- 
tract and others did not. What made the mat- 
ter unfortunate there appeared to be a misun- 
derstanding between the company and some of 
the fruit growers as to whether the company 
was to take their fruit or not. The company 
took all the fruit offered as long as they could 
handle it, but on Tuesday morning of this week 
they decided not to take any more fruit except 
from those with whom they had contracts until 
the rush should be over. In this emergency 
many found a crop of fruit on their hands with 
no market. Some commenced taking their fruit 
to Colton, and others went to drying their crop. 
Many have been put to inconvenience and some 
hard feelings have been engendered, but there 
will be but little loss of fruit from inability to 
save it. 

It is impossible to give a correct idea at pres- 
ent regarding the size of the apricot crop in 
Riverside this year, but it will be somewhere in 
the vicinity of 400 tons. As yet the orchards 
arc but in their infancy. Few trees are in full 
bearing, and many large orchards are not in 

bearing yet at all. With 400 tons this year, 
what will be the yield three years hence? It 
appears to be plain that the crop here in the in- 
terior ripens mo re rapidly than it does in the 
counties along the coast or around the bay of 
San Francisco. Mr, Stevens, superintendent 
of the Riverside cannery, is credited with say 
ing that no two canneries in the State could 
handle the Riverside crop. The apricot cam- 
paign will here be short and vigorous. These 
facts must be looked equarely in the face, and 
more provisions must be made for another year. 

The Fruit Interest 

J. W. C. writes to the I'etaluma Argus the 
following radical remarks on the fruit growers' 
interests: Perhaps it is not generally known 
among orchardists that there is no longer com- 
petition among the leading fruit canneries of 
this State. For several years there was an un- 
healthy competition between canning establish- 
ments. This stimulated a widespread desire to 
embark in fruit culture. In fact, some became 
fruit crazy, and in their imaginations could see 
the limbs of their trees pendant with golden 
eagles. I would say. do not cherish these vain 
delusions any longer. The canners of the State, 
with a few exceptions, have formed a joint 
stock company, with a capital of §1,250,000, for 
the purpose of self pi otection ; as in the past 
they had to pay more for certain kinds of fruits 
than they could get for the same after it was 
canned. Now the canners have done away 
with this'nnbealthy condition of affairs, as one 
man, Mr. Wm. Jacob?, of the firm of Lusk & 
Co., sets the purchasing price on all fruits for 
this cannery combination, and W. T. Coleman, 
on the other hand, sets the price on all fruits 
canned, thus putting an end to competition in 

Thus the producers and consumers of fruit 
are virtually at the mercy of those two men. 
So far as I can see, we will have to endure this, 
so long as the combination lasts, and it is only 
limited to 10 years' duration. 'Thus it is that 
those with capital can enter into profitable com- 
binations and hang together to fleece the pro- 
ducers. On the (-ther band, those who repre- 
sent the real capital, the products of the soil 
and labor, are as helpless as a band of sheep, 
not seeming to care how often the wool is 
plucked from their backs. With the combina- 
tion established among fruit canners at San 
Francisco to contend against, on one hand, and 
the venders of patent fruit driera on the other, 
the future of our fruit growers is anything but 
encouraging. The stock in trade of the latter 
class of harpies generally consists in a patent ou 
some fruit-drying apparatus, of no practical use 
to any one but the claimant of the same. To 
practical fruit drying devices there are but few 
distinguithing essentials, and these may be sum- 
marized : First, the generation of artificial 
heat; second, a rapid current of air; third, hand- 
ling the fruit after being placed in the tower in 
the most expeditious manner. 

Lumber and fuel are capital; tiierefore the 
loss of either is so much money thrown away. 
Now, when a vender of these patent machines 
comes along with what he declares to be the 
best machine in the country, it would be well 
to ascertain upon what grounds he founds his 
claim to manufacture and sell the same, I think 
that 9 times out of 10 it will be found that he 
only has a patent bolt, trap-door, curve in the 
flue, cog-wheel, crank or pinion, upon which to 
found his claim. Having had considerable ex- 
perience in the patent business for over 30 years, 
I have reached the conclusion that there is not 
more than 1 patent out of 50 worth anything. 
About l,") years ago, having some plums to dry, 
I built, at the cost of less than §50, a dryer, 
which, with the exception of several small trap- 
doors, is precisely the same that Piummer is 
now selling for ,?°200. In equity, Piummer has 
no right to sell fruit growers a drying machine, 
outside of his trap-doors, as I had constructed 
and used the same machines, in other repects, 
years before his patent was granted. Why the 
necessity of orchardists paying Piummer §200 
for a machine they can construct themselves at 
less than one-fourth the cost? The same is 
true of the Piummer pitting machine. They 
were used at San Lorenzo about nine years ago, 
and have been extensively used in this county 
some eight years. Some patent venders make 
a specialty of a lye-pot in connection with a 
dryer, and others have Mufford's process of 
treating their fruit before drying. 

A Big Debris Dam. 

One of the attachees of the Bine Tent 
Mining Co., reports that a mammoth dam. ex- 
celling anything ever before attempted in that 
line, will soon be commenced, A suitable site 
has been selected in what is known as Sailor ra- 
vine. Heretofore all the debris from this cele- 
brated mine has been washed directly into the 
South Yuba river. The proposed structure 
will be ready to receive the debris from this 
mine in about .SO days. Nature has done about 
half the work at the place selected, and the 
company propose to do the other half. In a few 
days all of their mammoth giants will be brought 
into use to remove the immense bowlders and 
cement to be conveyed to the place where the 
dam is to be erected. The foundation of the 
structure will be of solid rock, and built up to a 
bight of 100 ft. Then another stone wall will 
be constructed of similar bowldcrp, about 10 ft. 
from the main wall. The space between the 
two walls will be tilled with bedrock and ce- 
ment, making it perfectly water, debris and 

July 22, z882.] 




Dairy Notes. 

The following notes on dairy policies and 
methods are gleaned from the National Live 
Stock Journal, for July ; 

MUt fields and Quality. 

There must be a limit to the development of 
specialties for which cattle are bred, as the 
capacity for quantity of milk, quantity and 
quality of butter, and also of cheese. It may 
be a question whether the limit of capacity has 
not been already reached in some other direc- 
tions than in the production of beef. There are 
some facts which seem to suggest that it is pos- 
sible that the limit of excellence in butter, com^ 
bined with quantity, may have been reached in 
the Channel islands cattle. The butter from 
these cattle has long been distinguished for its 
extraordinary quality and enormous yields, but 
it has not been our observation that the highest 
excellence has appeared in the largest produc- 
tions. On the contrary, we have met with the 
most delicious samples of butter from cows giv- 
ing not more than 10 to 15 pounds per week. 
Whenever the yield has reached, or approxima- 
ted, three pounds per day, or much exceeded two 
pounds, while it has kept up or increased in 
color and firmness, it has often diminished in 
delicacy of flavor. 

Since the flavor of butter varies with the 
quality of food the oow consumes, it is evident 
that it is derived from some of the constituents 
of her food, that the supply is limited, aud that 
though bred to the production of flavor, a cow 
canaot exceed in her milk the flavor tbe con- 
stituents of her food can produce. If such con- 
stituents are fully availed of, the amount of 
flavor must, at best, be very small, s,nd when 
applied to a small quantity of butter must be 
more intense than when applied to a larger 
mass. Butter is made up of different fats, hard, 
soft and volatile. The softer ones abound in 
flavor, and are most easily appropriated, and 
predominate in moderate yields. Hard fats are 
hard to digest. There is none morfi diflicult for 
the human system to cope with than stearine, 
the hardest of them all. Stearine gives stiiTaess 
to butter — a quality which merchants, for obvi- 
ous reasons, eulogiee — but which, from its insip- 
idity and dit&oult digestion, is the mostundesira 
ble food constituent butter contains. 

Cleanliness IN the Dairy. — The sides and 
udder of every cow should, before milking, be 
cleansed of everything that can fall into the 
milk pail. The farmer should place over the 
can which is to convey his milk, two cloth 
strainers, of unequal thickness, the thicker one 
being below the other. The lower one is best 
made of thick woolen flannel. A woolen 
•trainer will often take out a good deal of 
foreign matter that a linen or a cotton one 
would let through. As often as matter accumu- 
lates upon them, they should be turned over 
and rinsed till they are clean. This would be 
but a small item for each dairyman to do, and 
it would miike a material difference in the qual- 
ity of the butter or cheese that is to be made 
from it. This little attention to cleanliness 
xifould, like every other tidy act connected with 
the dairy, pay well in the long run, because it 
would make the goods so much more satisfac- 
tory and desirable. It would not remove en- 
tirety the necessity for straining at the factory, 
because flies and other objects which it is im- 
possible to avoid, are always liable to drop into 
milk while being handled, that must be got out, 
but it would keep out so much soluble matter 
that now goes in, as to make a material im- 
provement in the products of the factories. 

Straining Milk. — The purpose in straining 
milk i« to make it cleaner than it was before 
straining, but the object is often poorly accom- 
plished. In private dairies this work is usually 
better performed than when it goes to facto- 
tories. When a large number of persons are 
all putting milk into one common reservoir, the 
weight of personal accountability loses much of 
its force from the increased difficulty of tracing 
home (aults to their origin. On this occount, 
the patrons of factories sometimes omit en- 
tirely to strain milk at the farm at all. They 
leave this operatfon to be performed at the fac- 
tory^ All the hairs and dust and dirt, and the 
'Crystallized accumulations from insensible per 
flp(c«tion, which are all the time forming upon 
the udder, as well as the rest of the surface of 
cows, and which are always working off during 
the process of milking, and finding their way 
especially into broad-topped pails, remain in 
the warm milk to soak and become soluble by 
the tima the milk reaches the factory. No mat- 
ter how neat the factory man may be, be can 
not get out what has been already dissolved by 
the agitation of the milk on its journey to the 
factory, often several miles distant. 

The Eastern Dairy Season.— llaports from 
the large markets show receipts of butter and 
cheese up to the beginning of the month to be 
considerably less than for the corresponding 
time last year. This is evidently due to the 
•mailer quantity and inferior character of food 
the producers have had to offer their cows, ow- 
ing largely to the backwardness of the season, 
<and to the cold and uncomfortable weather to 
which cows have been exposed. Comfort, as 
trell as good food, is necessary to the most act- 
ive secretion of milk. The diminished supply 

will doubtless continue to do so till the excel- 
lent stand of grass the frequent rains have es 
tablished is developed into a greater luxuriance 
by favorable weather. Unless the season takes 
an unusual turn, the yield of pasturage and 
meadow must be large, and the prdonction of 
milk greatly in excess of that oft he last half 
of the season last year. 

The Best Breeds. 

Editors Pbess: — In the little boy's composi- 
tion is to be found the following: "There is a 
good many breeds of hens ; " but the Directors 
of our State fair, judging from the premium 
list, would have us think that there is but one 
variety of worth, viz. : Bantams. Fortunately, 
all do not think so. In taking up the subject, 
"The Best Breeds," it is not my purpose to en- 
deavor to show that any one single breed of 
fowls is absolutely the best, as all the excel- 
lencies cannot be combined in one, and what 
may be best for one locality may not be for 
another ; as, for instance. Leghorns, Spanish, 
etc., with large combs and wattles, and scant 
body feathering, are not so well calculated to 
stand the rigors of a cold northern climate as 
some of the sitting varieties with less prominent 
head appendages. 

In deciding which are the best varieties, two 
specially important features must be considered, 
viK. : the kind best adapted to the locality, and 
the object for which fowls are kept. Having 
been engaged in poultry rearing almost since 
childhood, and ou a scale far from insignificant, 
both in the far East and on this coast, may 1 
not be indulged in the opinion that I know 
whereof I write * Here, in our beautiful cli- 
mate, where we are not subjected to a frigid 
temperature for five to six months in the year, 
the adaptability is a matter Very easily settled, 
and as to the object; no one would think of 
keeping the masterly Cochins or Brahmas if 
eggs are wanted solely, nor the small, non-sit- 
ting varieties for meat. So that, to get the 
highest and best results, it becomes an abnolute 
necessity to select varieties noted as the best 
in each of these two separate departments. 

Let us suppose that fowls are kept for eggs 
solely: Choose then, the Variety that lays the 
largest number of eggs per annum. All breeders 
acknowledge, and no one raises a question, that 
the Leghorns stand at the head of the lisc; so. 
Leghorns will be our choice until the palm has 
been fairly wrested from them, and I can assure 
any one who would have a well- tilled basket at 
the end of his egg gathering rounds, that he 
should not be dilatory in introducing this 
sprightly, active fowl, and he will cease to 
wonder why they have been called "laying ma- 
chines.' On the other hand, if chickens are 
desired for the early markets, or broilers, sise 
being a prerequisite, we, in consequence, turn 
to the large varieties. 

I have no eulogism to make on any one vari- 
ety of Asiatic?, for, as the boy said, "All of 
them is the best. That's what every one that 
has 'em says," My own experience has been 
that, as a mere source of protit, there is littlp, 
if any choice — being more a matter of fancy — 
and, by the way, that involves one of the grand 
secrets of successful poultry breeding. No 
man can keep a dozen or more varieties and 
breed all alike successfully, for the simple rea- 
son that he cannot fancy all alike. He who 
keeps but one variety, or two, at most, who 
sees in them some characteristics more pleasing 
to him than that of any others, and who per- 
sistently adheres to his choice, will rise as far 
above his competitors who expend their efforts 
on a great many varieties, as the specialist in 
medicinp, or any of the sciences. 

The Cochins and Brahmas being found too 
stalky, lank and lean at the proper age for 
broilers, breeders at once concentrated their 
efforts in originating a variety that wood fill 
the bill, and for a time the coming fowl was 
talked of as one that would not only have size 
with early maturity, but in a large measure the 
good features of the small varieties. When a 
want is created the skill of the American 
breeder is not long in responding, and in this 
case, as the result, we have that most excellent 
variety, the Plymouth Rock, a purely American 
fowl, of New England origin, coming to us with 
no high-sounding name, as though, imported 
from some foreign country; a fowl that has 
gained the place it now occupies solely upon its 
own merits. The following, from a gentleman 
who has done as much, or perhaps more than 
any other man, to perfect this variety, and 
who, though an ardent admirer, is no enthusi- 
ast, exactly meets my views : 

"The real merit of this variety is unquestioned. Their 
reputation is established. They are, without doubt, in 
the lead of all varieties of pure-bred poultry. They are 
receiving more attention than any variety of pure-bred 
poultry in America, and, I may safely say, in the whole 
world, as they hive more good qualities and fewer defects 
than any other established breed. They are quiet in dis- 
position, bear confinement, thrifty ■ under all circum- 
stances, excellent foragers, hardy and vigorous, and, by 
all odds, the most profitable, as they mature very fast, 
producing more pounds of flesh, with the same amount of 
food, than any other breed known; are excellent egg pro- 
ducers, laying well during the whole year. With all 
these valuable qualities they are the fancy fowl— beautiful 
feathers, being a bluish-gray, prettily penciled with darker 
blue, making them very attractive in appearance." 

As "figures won't lie" I shall present some in 
the next, from which readers can draw their 
own deductions. J-. C. Byce, 


Forest Trees of California— No. 5.* 

California Myrtle, or Sweet-gale Tree. 

(Myrica Calif ornira.) 
"Sitting in a pleasant shade. 
Which a grove of myrtles mstie."—Bannerficld. 

A tree .30 to 40 ft. high, 1 to 3 ft. in diame- 
ter; always a large shrub of 10 to 20 ft., emu- 
lating trees. These dark evergreen, densely 
leafy shrubs or trees are covered with balsamic 
glands that yield their sweet aroma to the 
breeze, and when bruised in the hand emit a 
strong but refreshing, resinous, or rather bal- 
samic odor, as observed, that greatly reminds 
yon of the Eastern little sweet-fern shrub 
(Comptonii anpleni folia), to which it is allied. 
To the European, however, it recalls the de- 
lightfully fragrant sweet gale (Myrica Gale), of 
his home beyond the waves; and, by the way, 
it should be noted that the true sweet gale is 
also a native of California, found in the canyons 
in the vicinity of Yosemite, where we collected 
it many years ago. These myrtle leaves are 
rather narrow, one-half inch or less, lance- 
shaped, about three inches long, somewhat saw- 
toothed on the margins, chiefly above, moder- 
ately wedged toward the base, alternate, and 
when young, of a bright, lively, yellowish- 
green tint, slightly varnished, the color nearly 
alike on both surfaces. This cheerful hue is 
very pleasing to the eye, seen against the 
darker background of the old and denser foli- 
age itself. In all the earlier periods of growth, 
even well nigh unto old age, the habit is mainly 
more strict and erect than much spreading; 
bark, dark, iron-hued, not very rough, often 
smoothish; aments, or tags, very short and 
crowded, not conspicuous; the granular-sur- 
faced berries of the size of peas, clusters situ- 
ated along the twigs near the end of the previous 
year's growth. They are dark purple, staining 
the fingers on pressure. The very thin pellicle 
of wax is so obscure, one is apt to overlook it 
altogether unless special attention is called to 
solve the question. 

The largest myrtle ever seen here, so far as I 
am aware, flourished in the heart of the city of 
San Francisco many years ago. This was re- 
nowned for it* massive proportions, consisting 
of three large, tree-like trunks, each about a 
foot in diameter, from a short base, or main 
body, nine feet in circumference. This grand 
sentinel stood guard by a spring on the eastern 
slope of Russian bill, under whose shadows the 
early emigrant of '49 camped. Groves of them 
hid the marshes of the lower portions of the 
city; but they are gone, as perhaps most of 
their companions soon will be, forever. So, 
also, along the banks of Lobos creek, and else- 
where, it was no unusual sight to see trees one 
to one and one-half feet in diameter, and 3.5 to 
40 ft. or more high; yet even these, which any 
tolerably enlightened self interest would have 
preserved, a wanton water company cut away; 
nevertheless, we have an abiding faith that it 
will not always ba so. Let us turn our eyes 
from the pit of our own and others' errors. 
Full of the charm that fascinates, in communion 
with nature, is not the gay flower, the hand- 
some leaf, nor any symmetry of form in outline, 
mass or detail, nor grace of motion, waving 
with the wind nor rustling in sympathy when 
astir and softly pillowed by the gentle zephyr; 
nay, but whatsoever hath paramount power to 
move most deeply the affections which underlie 
all the blandished arts and airs — and these are 
those sweet aromas that wake the soul to love. 
They come down anon with overwhelming 
power in our inspirations of ethereal autumn 
airs, when all the landscape is brown and bare, 
when the cloud curtain of the faded year is 
ready to drop on all that was beautiful and 
fair to view without, overshadowed the 
divinely human, transfigured, we feel that it is 
good to be there— are ready to pitch the 
tents of peace and dwell therin forever. But, 
returning, are there not thousands of similar 
kindred mysteries to myrtle odors in every 
one's personal experience, that commend them 
and their like to culture, or what else is it that 
hallows and charms our affections but sweetness 
of spirit and other mental quality within, that 
so blinds us to irregular forms and features of 
friends, objective or individual, with whom we 
hold such pleasant converse ? Is it not the real 
soul, or something like it, on the other side 
beaming through ? Or, let us reconsider the 
ground of our esteem for numberless pets of 
the garden, field and forest. True, one of a 
thousand may possibly be fairer to us than the 
rose or the lily, and altogether lovely; if so, we 
have indeed found at least one of the real trees of 
natural life, perchance of foliage, flowers and 
fruits of honor, trees of renown, the planting of 
Jehovah, that he may be glorified, glorified in 
man, in that only paradise of the soul, wherein is 
found celestial joy and gladness and the voice 
of melody. 

As these myrtles abound in benzoic and 
tannic acids, resinous matters and fragrant vola- 
tile oils, the bark and leaves are esteemed in 
the arts and for medicine. The wood is used 
as fuel. 

* Prom "The Forest Trees of California," by A. Kellogg, 
published by the State Mining Bureau. State Printing 
Otnce, Sacrament o. 1862 

Esparto Grass Paper.— The first works for 
manufacturing paper from esparto on the Con- 
tinent are being erected at Barnburg, Germany, 
by a company of French and Hamburg capital - 

The State Fair Speed Programme. 

The speed programme for the State Fair is 
published below. The purses and stakes 
amount to .^j? 12, 500. There will be six days' 
racing, commencing Sept. 11th, and the number 
of races 23. Some of the prizes are large and 
will cause some good horses to take part. There 
have been mnny nominations, and plenty of as- 
surance is given that the racing season will be 
an interesting and successful one. Entries for 
certain events for 1883 will also close with these 
races. The trotting and pacing races are for 
the best three in five, except the two-year-old 
trot, unless otherwise specified; five to enter 
and three to start. Entrance fee, 10% on purse, 
to accompany nomination. Purses divided at 
the rate of G0% to first horse, 30% to second, 
10% to third. National Association rules to 
govern trotting; but the Board reserves the 
right to trot heats of any two classes alter- 
nately, if necessary to finish any day's racing, 
or to trot a special race between heats. To fill 
running races, three or more subscribers are 
necessary. All two-year-olds, when running in 
their classes, shall carry 100 lbs., with the usual 
allowance for mares and geldings. All three- 
year-oldf, when running in their classes, to 
carry 110 lb?., with the usual allowance as 
above. Pacific Coast Blood Horse Association 
rules will govern running races. It will be re- 
quired that riders have uniforms easily recog- 
nized. Entries to the races close August Ist: 
the programme. 

First Day--Mondav, September IXth. 

No. 1 — Running. Introduction stake— for all ages; 
three-quarters of a mile dash; $50 entrance, $15 forfeit; 
?200 added; second to save stake. 

No. 2 — Running. Breeders' stake — for foals of 1879; 
one and one-half mile dash; .S50 entrance, p. p.; $300 
added. Closed March 1st with 19 nominations. 

No. 3— Running. Selling race; purse, $250 Free for 
all; one mile and repeat; second horse to receive $75; en- 
trance 5,\' to third horse. Horses entered to be sold for 
$1 500 to carry entitled weight; one pound off for each 
$100 under fix'd valuation. 

No. 4— Trotting. 2:40 class; purse $1,000. 

Second Day— Tuesday. 

No. 5— Trotting. 2 25 class; purse, $1,200. 
No. 6— Trotting. Purge, $600; for three-year-olds and 

No. 7— Trotting. Purse, $500; mile heats for two-year- 

Tbira Day— Wednesday. 

No. 8— Running. Filly stake for two-year-old fillies; 
five-eighths of a mile; $50 entrance, $15 forleit; $200 added; 
second horse to receive $75; third, $25. 

No. 9— Running. Ca ifornia Derby stake; for three- 
year. olds; one and one-half mile dat-h; $100 entrance; $25 
forttit; $250 added; second horse, $100; third, .$50. 

No 10 — Running. Jennie B. stake; for all ages; dash 
of one mile; $50 entrance, $15 forfeit; $200 added; second 
horse, $75; third, $25. Stake to be named utter the win- 
ner, if Jennie B.'a time, 1;42:|, is beaten. 

No. 11— Running. Selling race; purse, $250; one and 

le eighth miles; second horse, $100; extrance 5% to 
third horae. Horses entered to be sold for $1,000 to I'arry 
entitled weight; two pounds off for each $100 under fixed 

No 12— Trotting. 2;30 class; purse, $1,200. 

Fourth Day— Thursday. 
No. 13— Trotting 2;22 class; purse. $1,200. 
No. 14— Pacing. 2;25 class; purse, $500. 
No. 15— Trotting. Two miles and repeat; 2:40 horses; 
purse, $S0O. 

Fifth Day— Friday. 

No. IG— Running. Colt and filly stake; for two-yenr- 
olds; dash of one mile; $50 entrance, $15 forfeit; $iOJ 
added; second horse, $50; third, $25. 

No. 17— Running. Selling race; purse, $300; for all 
ages; dash of one and a quarter miles; $100 to second 
horse; entrance 5% to third. Horses entered to be 
sold for $1,500 to carry full weight; for $1,200, three 
pounds off, for $1,000, five pounds off; for $750, seven 
pounds ( ff; for $.500, 10 pounds off. 

No 18— Running. Post stake; dash of three miles; free 
for all; $100 entrance; $500 added; weight, 100 pounds; 
three-year-olds, 90 pounds; second horse to receive $150; 
third, $100. Starters to be named to the Secretary Wed- 
nesday evening, at or before eight o'clock. 

No. 19— Running. Consolation purse; $250 for beaten 
horses; one mile and repeat; entrance free; second horse to 
receive $50. 

Sixth Day— Saturday. 

No. 20— Trotting. 2:19 class; purse, $1,200. 
No 21— Trotting. Purse, $800; for double teams o( 
2:30 horses. 

No. 22— Trotting. Occident stake for 1882; closed in 
1881 with 12 nominations. 

No. 23— Special trot against time; $250 in plate will be 
awarded to any stallion that beats Santa Claus' time 

Entries tor the following events for 1883.'S4 were 
ordered to be closed with the above races: 

No. 1— Running. California Derby stake; for foals of 
1880, to be run at the State fair of 1R83. One and one- 
half miles dash; $50 entrance, p. p.; $300 added; second 
ho,se,$100: third, $.50. 

No. 2— Same stake, for foala of 1881, to be run at State 
fair of 1884. Same conditions. 

No. 3— Running. Maturity stake; three-mile dash for 
four-year-olds, in 1883; $100 entrance; $25 forfeit; $500 
added; second liorse $150; third horse, $100. To be run 
at the State fair of 1883. 

^o. 4— Running. California annual stake; for two-year- 
olds foals of 1881. Dash of one mile; $100 entrance; $25 
forfeft; $250 adjed; second horse, $100; third, $50. To be 
run at the fair of 1883. 

Copper Bearings. — Mr. A. Getchell, of Bos- 
ton, Mass., claims that he can harden copper 
and convert it into anti frictional metal by the 
following process: The copper is first heated to 
about redness in a crucible, and a composition 
is then added which, for 25 tbs of copper, con- 
sists of lo lbs of potash or soda, 1 lb of alum. 
If lb bone "dust or other phosphate, and ^ If) of 
tin or zinc. After melting this mixture of cop- 
per and composition, and removing the slag, the 
whole is ready to pour, and may be run into 
molds. After having removed the slag, and 
while pouring, the metal should be covered with 
charcoal to prevent oxidation. The resulting 
metal is said to be especially useful for bearings 
in machinery. 



[July 22, 1882 

Uorreepondence on Orange pilacipleB and work and re- 
ports of traoaacUona of sabordinate urusei are respectfully 
solicited for this department. 

Grange Leaflets.— No. 4. 

rWritlcn for Rurai, Prkss hy Clara DuMivfi.j 
Grange Progress. 
The National Grange, at its last session 
adopted the following resolution: 

0Jttwh r<l. That it sliall be the tluty of Mantcra of Suborili- 
na** Grauges to report to the .Masters of tlieir .S[ate (irau{{fS 
at the end of the March and S. iiteinher i|iiarters the stand 
ing of their respective IJr.iiigfS. their general work, experi- 
ence in co-operation, and such otlier facts as njtt^ teud to 
show their real standing, and the causes thit have coutri 
buted to their svKcess or retanled their progress. And Mas- 
ters of tlie several Stiite (Jrunges shall suniuHuarize such le- 
pjrts reeorded at the closv of the tirst quarter, and send such 
abstract of the same, together with such suggcston.'; for ttie 
goofl of the I >rder as they may deem of importance, to the 
Master of thi National (irange, and altiosliall report in writ- 
ing to the National Orange on the second day of the session, 
tirst thereafter, the general standing and needs of the Order 
in their .-ctril Slates. 

In compliance with this resolution, the \V. 
M. of the National Grange has received reports 
from many of the States. It is a matter for 
congratulation to us to find the Order slowly, but 
steadily advancing in most of the States re- 
ported; some are simply holding their position 
and organizing their forces for earnest work 
during the next year. Poor Louisiana has met 
with so many reverses, caused by drouth and 
the devastations of the terrible oveillow of the 
mighty river emptying its waters upon her 
shorep, we do not wonder that she reports a 
slow progress in Grange matters. The report 
from New Jersey says, among other remarks, 
that the Granges are the most prosperous who 
meet often and have the most young people in 
their ranks; " whose officers endeavor to give 
each something to do to awaken an interest in 
each Grange meeting, by which a larger attend- 
ance is obtained, and much greater results from 
co-operation." The word comes from Indiana 
that good results were brought about by '■ hard 
and zealous work and a liberal distribution of 
Orange literature." The Master of the Michi- 
gan State Grange says: "The light of our edu- 
cation received within the gates is telling for 

The report of the Wisconsen Grange standing 
ends up with the following pertinent remark, 
"We are being educated to do our own business 
faster than a good many think." New Hamp- 
shire wheels into line by saying, "Great good 
Las been accomplished by the Grange press, by 
enlightening and instructing our members in 
the true principles and purposes of the Order, 
showing farmers that it is an organizttion work- 
ing for their best interests, in many ways. " 
The causes of success in Texas may be summed 
up as follows : "First ; Active, live, progressive 
officers and members. Second : Live, active 
county and district lecturers, fully discharging 
their duties. Third : First-class Grange and 
agricultural journals, read by the members. 
Fourth : (.'ommercial co-operation, carried out 
on the true co-operative plan." In Maryland 
"The Order may be put down as a fixed fact. 
Its weakest point is its want of progressive- 

The report from North 'Jarolina says : "We 
are holding our own. In one section there is 
considerable life, zeal and co-operation, and 
there the Order has increased and strengthened 
during the past quarter. In other parts of the 
State I fear this gain has been counter balanced 
by indifference, inattention and indolence." 

The Master in Pennsylvania, after speaking 
of the bright prospects for the Older in the 
State, says: "I feel satisfied that half the de- 
linquencies are caused by confused accounts in 
Subordinate Granges. " 

We have made these quotations showing 
some of the causes of success and decline in 
other States, because they seem to correspond 
very nearly with the standing in our own State. 
Many farmers think the Orange is doing them 
no good, because the dollars and cents do not 
jingle in their pockets every time they attend a 
meeting. Their first ideas of the benefits to be 
given them by the Order of Patrons of Hus- 
bandry were like those of many who came to 
California in the early days of the gold fever, 
expecting to find the precious metal scattered 
broadcast upon the surface of the (arth. and all 
they would havetodo would be tostoopdown and 
gather an immense fortune in a very short time. 
But the fortune which the Order brings to the 
Patron is not of a metallic nature, but a kind 
which no man can steal or creditor take; when 
OBce acquired it is his forever, and that is 
knowledge, which ia far more precious than gold 
or silver. It is like other fortunes in one re- 
spect ; it cannot be had without labor and 

This fortune is also an increase of intelligence 
in business and social intercourse. Brotherly 
love, and confidence in one another,*which cer- 
tainly did not exist to any extent before the 
era o( the Orange movement. 

A general improvement of homes and home- 
life is noticeable every where; the farmer finds 
others respecting him, and he begins to feel 
some respect for himself, (irange debates are 
educating members to take part in and under- 
stand the legislatures of our land, where we 
need a fairer representation of the farming 
community than we now have. 

If there are only two or three in a neighbor- 
hood who appreciate these advantages and have 
to do most of the work, how are they going to 
revive (Jrange work or keep up a * Grange? The 

only way to make a success of the Order is for 
all farmers to co-operate and help one another. 
When one member shirks his or her duty the 
burden falls upon the shoulders of those least 
able to bear it. 

The farmers will have no one but themselves 
to blame if the Order is not a success in this 
State, for the Worthy State Master is doing all 
in his power, and the other State officers are 
doing their best. It' the farmers will not take 
time to improve themselves, how can the (Jrange 
benefit them '' And I think no State can boast 
of a better Grange paper and agricultural papers 
(the Pii RAL Piu>s and others) than California. 
All they need is plenty of readers who are 
willing to pay the subscription price promptly. 

Contra Costa Grangers' Association. 

According to a report published in the Oazette, 
of July 15th, the meeting of the stockholders 
of the newly-incorporated "Contra Costa County 
Grangers' Warehousing and Business As- 
ciation," was held on Monday last, pursuant to 
published call, for the purpose of adopting by- 
laws. A meeting of the stockholders of the 
' Grangers' Warehousing and Business Associa- 
tion of Contra Costa County," was held coinci- 
dently, pursuant to adjonrnment. A resolution 
transferring the old association to the new was 

In the meeting of the stockholders of the new 
incorportion, after adoption of the by-laws, an 
order was made, on motion of S. C. Whitcomb, 
postponing the election of directors to date of 
the annual meeting in May next, leaving the 
directors named in the articles of incorporaton 
to serve until those then elected are qualified. 
Following are the by-laws adopted, which we 
publish in full, as they may serve as a guide 
for those desiring to form similar associations 
elsewhere : 

By-Laws of the Contra Costa County 
Grangers' Warehousing and Business As- 
sociation, Adopted July 10, 1882. 
.\iiT. 1 The name of tliis corporation shall be: The 

Contra Costa County Grangers' Warehousing and Business 


Art. 2. The said corporation shall have a capital stock 
of $60,000. gjld coin of the Unlt.d States, divided into 2,M) 
shares of $^5 * ach. 

Ar.T, 3. The principal place of business of said corpora- 
tion shall be at the towa of Martinez, Contra Costo county 
8tate of California. 

AkT, 4. Stockholders of thi^ corporation shall be such 
persons as may have, or shall execute a subscription to the 
capital stock in such innxi as shall be prescribed by the 
board of directors, aLd shall pay to the said corporation all 
duty levied and called assessments on their subsciibed 

Akt, 5. The powers of the corporation shall be vested in 
a bjardof nine directors, who shall have been elected, and 
who shall hold olKce for the term of one year, or uutil their 
successors shall ha>'e been elected and entered upon the dis- 
charge of theirduties. 

Aitr fi. The directors shall bo citizens of the Cnited 
State'. Patrons of Husbandry, and stockholders in the cor- 

AiiT. 7. A majciriiy of the whole number of directors shall 
constitute a quorum for the transaction of businei^.<«, 8n<l 
every decision of a majority of the persons duly assembled 
as a board (if not in conflict with these by-laws) shall be valid, 
as an act of this corporation. 

Al:T. S. Kegular in etings of the board of directors shall 
tie held at thefirtioe of the corporation, at least once in every 
three montiis -on the first Monday of ,rannary, the tirst 
Monday of April, the lirst Monday of .July, and the first 
Monday of October, in each year, and at such other times as 
the boar'l of directors may prescribe Special meetings of 
the boanl of directr)rs shall b-.^ held at the same place upon 
the call of the President or Vice President. It shall be the 
duty of the President or Vice-President, in case from any 
cavise the l*resideiit cannot act. to call sp ei. 1 mefctings, 
either of the hoard of oirectors or of ttie stockholders, upon 
the written recjuest of five of ihe directors, or upon the 
written request of stockholders representing one tenth of 
the stock issued. Due notice of such requested meeting of 
the stockholders shall be Riven by mail, and all business 
which could be transacted at a regular meeting of the stock- 
hoUers may be done at such requested and specially called 
.netting. Xo notice of the regular meetings of the board of 
directors shall be requisite, other than that preschlted herein: 
but of all special meetinzs, the President or Vice President 
shall cause all directors to ba notified by mail, or person 

Akt. 9. The corporotion shall have power to deaV as fac 
tor or princijial. in all kinds of agricultural implements, 
products and general incrchandise; to shiji grain and other 
merchandise to and from foreign and domestic ports; to own, 
charter and loail vessels Un foreign and domestic purts; to 
construct and itiaintain wharves and warehouses at or near 
the town of Martinez for the landing, shipoing at d storage 
oF agricultural products and merchaadise; t'j aciiuire auil 
hold land for snob purposes, and to borrow and loan money 
as the necessity of the business may re<iuire. 

.■Vk 1 . 10. A\'henevor a vacancy shall o cur in the board of 
directors, by death, resignatiou or otherwise, the board <»f 
oirectors shall till the same byappointinga successor for the 
unexitired term. 

AitT 11. Whenever any director shall cease to bea stock- 
bolder, bis othce shall become f;w" fnrto vacant; and such 
vacancy shall he tilled as provided for in Article lU. 

Am- 12. 'Ihe board of directors sfiall elect from their 
number a President and Vi<-e-Presiderjt. They shall also 
elect a Secretary and Treasurer. wh<i shall be stockholders 
in the a.-^^ociation, and who, tog -ther witii tiie President and 
Vice President, shall hold their otHces fttr one year, or uutil 
their successors shall have been elected and have entered 
upon the discharge of th dr olUcial duties. 

.\kt. 13. The President or Vice President, or either of 
them, may >)e removed from othce at acy time on the vote of 
five directors in favor of such removal. 

Ai:T. 14. The President, Vice-I*re3ident, Treasurer and 
Secretary, shall give bonds for the faithful discharge of their 
respective duties, in such sum as may bd nrescribed by the 
bi.ard of directors; and for their services shall receive such 
remuneration as may be fi.ved by said board. 

AltT. 15. The board of directors shall have jiower to ap- 
point such oflicers. agents, clerks and servants as the busi- 
ness of the coriioration may require, define their power and 
prescribe their duties; and shall fix their sjilaries anil other 
compensations to be paid to them; anrl, by order, may require 
fxurds to be given hy employes for the faithful discaarge of 
their duties. 

Aiir bJ. The I*re«i lent and Vice-President shall have 
char;ie and custody of the funds property, book.s, papers and 
other matters of the corporation, under such rules, regula- 
tions and restrictions as provided liy these by-laws, or ss the 
Vioard of directors may prescribe 'oy resolutions duly passed 
and entered upon the minutes of said fioard. 

A r.T. 17 'A be President and Vice-President shall not V>oth 
be absent from the State at the same time, and in rase of 
the absence of either, his duties and powtrs sha I devolve 
upon and bo performed by the other. 

Art. 18. It shah he the duty of tbe President, and in his 
absence, of tlie Vice-1'iesident, to preside at all meetings of 
the board of directors, and at alt meetings of the stock- 
h jldcrs of the corporation. 

Art. 19. It shall be the drrty of the Secretary to record 
correctly all the proceedings of the stockholders at their 
meetings, and of the board of directors. 

Akt. 20. The board of directors shall, fr:ini their number, 
appoint an Auditing Committee of three, whosa duty it shall 
lie to count the cash, examine the books, vouchers, docu- 
ments, papers and other assets of the corporation: to report 
uiion the same to the stockholders at their annual meetings, 
and to the lioard of directors from time to time, as they may | 
direct. | 

Akt. 21. The annual meetings of the stockholders for 

the election of directors shall be held at the office of tlie 
corporation on the tirst Wednesday of May in each year, at 
10 o'clock A. .M. 

Akt 22. The call for tbe annual meeting of stockhold- 
ers, and for the annual election of directors shall be signed 
liy the President or Vice I'lCSident, and be attested by the 
Sicretary. and l>e published once a week for four consecutive 
weeks preceding the day of meeting, in one newspaper of 
general circulation in the county. If, from any cause, no 
quorum shall be present, the meeting may be adjourned 
from time to time without further notice. 

.\kt 23. All transfers of stock shall lie subject to all 
delits and ecpiities in favor of the corporation against tbe 
persons or corporations making such transfers, and existing 
or arising prior to the regidar tran-!fer thereof. 

.\i!T. 24 The board of directors shall have t>ower to de 
posit alt money or other assets in some Vianlc. banks, or 
other safe places, as they, in their discretion, may see tit. 
for the proper safety thereof. 



The North Wind.— Colusa Cor. Marysville 
Appeal, .luly 12: Toe north wind blew very 
hard on Saturday morning last, doing consider- 
able damage to wheat fields by whipping out 
the grain. One farmer lost by the wind about 
SI .000 worth of wheat. The fruit trees suffered, 
especially pear, plum and apple trees. The 
trees were broken off by the wind in some in- 


Anothek Cannery. — Timta, Jaly 14: C. V. 
liall, tbe commission merchant, has now in op- 
eration at hi 4 ranch on Adams street, a snccess- 
ful cannery, where 15 hands are employed. 
They are now working mainly on apricots and 
peaches, but, to some extent, on pickles and veg- 
etables also, all the canned goods being put up 
to fill orders previously received. Air. Hall 
has purchased the fruit on loO trees in Mrs. U. 
Shaw's orchard on San Pedro street. As the 
business demands, Mr. Hall will enlarge his ca- 
pacity and number of employes. 


Wool AssoriATioN. — J'rfKx, July 14: The 
Wool Association has finished grading and bal- 
ing, and the press lies idle for want of orders. 
About 50 tons were graded and baled for 
Messrs. Angle, White and McGarvey. But 
one of these gentlemen had determined to ship 
through the association at last accounts. The 
disappearance of wool day, which has been a 
feature of the local market for years, is a notice- 
able loss. There has been no meeting of the 
mass of producers with local and Kistern buy- 
ers, and the results of those days of emulation 
are missed by sellers. 

PoTATOKs — Stockton I ndi' pendent, .July 14: 
The potato crop in Merced county is betier as 
to quantity and quality than in any former 
year. In past years it was generally considered 
that potatoes could not be successfully raised 
here, but the proper varieties and necessary 
cultivation are generally understood now, and 
the market is fully supplied with the best 
qualify of early potitoes, at moderate prices. 
Cool weather in the spring and early summer 
insures good potato crops m this part of the 

Bek Farjis. — />fTOO<')'(T<. July I'l: The sand- 
hills enveloping the San Miguel Canada are cov- 
ered with shrubbery containing quantities of 
wild sage and they are the seat of several l>ee- 
farms that are in prosperous condition, yielding 
honey that for purity and delicacy of Havor can 
not be surpassed. Mr. Wycoff carries on one 
of them, he employing the "extracting" pracess 
mentioned, and Mr. Adcock, who has been long 
in the business, has carried tbe fame of San 
Miguel far and wide. 


Rasi'herries. — Coi/rier.' Mr. Calvin Gault's 
ground covered by red raspberry canes measures 
nrarly one-third of an acre, and from this plant 
he is now picking from 00 to 00 one-pound boxes 
of raspberries per day. On the week prior to 
the Fourth his receipts from raspberries were 
§32 .50, last week •S.'iO, and this week he antici- 
pates an income of ^40 from the same source. 
A long row of Kittaoing blackberries in the 
same garden are just ripening. 

Wheat. — Watsonville Pajaronian, July 
Crops are looking well in this valley. Men 
who were bewailing their loss after the heavy 
frost in May, are now feeling jubilant over their 
prospects. We have heard of one man, who at 
that time sold his wheat for $15 per acre, who 
now mourns his scare. His wheat is now look- 
ing first-class. 


North Wind and Grain Firks — Snisnn 
Kepuhlican, July 14: Saturday, July 8th, was 
one of the hottest days of the year, and the 
heat in the greater part of the Sacramento val- 
ley was rendered more unbearable by the preva- 
lnue of a strong north wind. In the forenoon, 
an extensive tire occurred about rive miles north- 
east of Vacivillo, upon the ranches of D. Brown 
and F. Miller. We have not learned the exact 
amount of damage done, but it is above .?1,000. 
In the afternoon, the wheat field of Mr. W. 
Jepson, a few miles north of Cannon's station, 
was burned, the loss being about ^2.000. 
Nearly 200 men were on the ground fighting 
the liames. But for their exertions the tire 
would have extended to adjoining fields and 
destroyed wheat to the amount of 0,000. It 
is generally believed that the fire in Mr. Jep- 
son's field was caused by two boys dropping 
lighted cigarettes in the dry grass by the side 
of the roafi. The Babcock extinguisher, from 

Vacaville, did effectual service in retarding the 

progress of the liames. 


A Good Year.— Petalnma Courier, July 12 : 
Farmers' prospects around here were never 
better. The season could not have been more 
auspicious. Grain is ripening rapidly and the 
reaper and thrasher can both be seen at work 
from our office. Wheat is turning out finely, 
better, in fact, than was anticipated a few 
weeks since. The season has not been so favora- 
ble for years for the potato crop. Cora and 
other vegetable crops are also doing well. The 
fruit crop is very promising and will be abun- 
dant. Some varieties of plums have not done 
well in certain localities, but take one orchard 
with another throughout the country and we 
shall have more fruit than we can possibly dis- 
pose of. The cherry crop was never so large or 
fine, and this year biought many thousands of 
dollars into the county. The grape crop is 
promising, though by the heavy frosts of May 
last, some of the vineyards will bo cut down in 
their yield. About Petaluma the yield will be 
fully up to the average of other years. The 
dairy season is over, and, though the yield of 
butter per cow has been generally less than last 
year, owing to better prices for butter, dairy- 
men are well satisfied with the result. It has 
truly been a profitable year with them. Hay is 
abundant and of good quality. Stock of all 
kinds are in fine condition. We have no sick- 
ness of consequence, and our people are 
contented and happy. This is truly a year 
of plenty with the people of Sonoma and 
Marin counties, for which they should feel very 

Wukat Cleaning. — We understand it costs 
but little, it any more to re-clean the wheat as 
it comes fr>m the separator, and is run over tbe 
cleaner all with one operation, than it does the 
old way of sacking as it comes from the thrash- 
ing machine. We hope this system will be gen- 
erally adopted, as it is manifestly to tbe inter- 
est of every farmer to put his wheat in the best 
possible condition for the market. We have 
been intimately connected with the California 
harvests for more than a quarter of a century, 
and while our farmers have made wonderful 
progress in speed of harvesting and thrashing, 
we have made little or no progress in the (jual- 
ity of the work performed. While Sutttr Co. 
has never been excelled in the quality of her 
product, her wheat has fallen in value behind 
some of her sister counties simply because of the 
slovenly manner of cleaning. We shall now 
step to the front rank of counties with quantity 
and quality. For the trifling extra expense no 
man cin atf jrd to offer on the market wheat that 
is foul with cheat, oats, barley or chaff. There 
is one advantage we had not thought of before 
in re-cleaning. When it is not re-cleaned the 
thrasher must necessarily turn on more wind 
and cleaning motion to make the wheat passable 
with one operation than he otherwise does. 
This extra motion carries over and into the straw 
much oats, chess barley, and broken wheat, 
which if there is two operations, is saved and 
sacked up separately. This material if un- 
salable, is of considerable value to the farmers 
as feed for chickens, pigs or even horses when 
ground and mixed with barley. In fact we be- 
lieve the extra amount saved willfully repay the 
extra expense incurred, leavingthe crop in a con- 
dition to be sought after by all wheat buyers, and 
that means an extra price of from '2hc to 10c per 
100 pounds. So far as we know all our thrash- 
ers carry the extra cleaners, and we hope all 
farmers will see it to their advantage to use 
them. — Suiter Farmer. 

Wheat. — .1/ai7 Julv l."J: As the greater por- 
tion of the wheat in Yolo county has been al- 
ready headed, and thrashing is well under way, 
the si/e sni quality of the crop can be estimated 
with some degree of certainty. From all parts 
of the county, we hear of large yields and plump 
wheat. The adobe land in the Willow Slough 
district has probably made the best average,and 
many pieces of wheat are turuine out from 40 
to 50 bushels to the a:re. Mr. Kiocheloe, who 
lives live miles northwest of Woodland has fin- 
ished thra'ihing and his crop has averaged 20 
sacks to the acre. The crop in Hungry Hollow 
was better than usual this year, and in Capay 
valley the result is the same. The crop of Yolo 
county will be considerably in excess of what it 
was last year. Competent judges place it at 
05,000 tons. 

Editors— Every one is hard at work 
gathering their grain just now. In the Ojai 
there will be about three-fourths of a crop, and 
we have every reason to be thankful for ii, as 
the crops in the county are well nigh a failure, 
as a general thing. Birley has done much bet- 
tar thau wheat in the Santa Clara valley. 'I'he 
wheat is of a superior ([Uality ihis year, and 
those who have the precious article will no 
doubt secure tirst-class prices and make as 
much, if not more, than they did last year. 
— "Sailor." 

A Fair. — I'resa, July 15: The joint commit- 
tee of the Agricultural and Horticultural So- 
ciety of Santa Barbara has decided to bold a 
jrrint exhibition on Wednesday. Thursday and 
Friday, September 27, 2S and 20, 1SS2. This is 
about the time of the full moon, and the most 
favorable season of the year for holding the fair. 
The premium list will be published at an early 
day, and will be sent to every tax payer of the 
county. It is thought the stock show will be 

July 1882.] 


very large. It will include much valuable stock 
from other counties, many owners living at a 
distance having already signified an intention to 
be represented. 


The Ways of the Cowboys. — Cor. Silver 
Slate: I hardly ever see anything about our 
stock men or cowboys. I do not wish to couple 
the word "cowboy" with that term as used in 
Arizona or New Mexico, because the sins of 
our cowboys, with few exceptions, are trifling, 
compared with those of the genus in Arizona 
and New Mexico. Stockmen are not a well- 
organized body, as their interests have been 
much mixed, yet, as their operations may in- 
terest somebody, I propose to give you a sketch 
of the rodeo. Ou the evening of May 19th, at 
Golconda, the dust could have been seen flying 
and bells could have been heard jingling in every 
direction, as each stockman's "caballado" 
dashed into camp, to be ready for work next 
morning. At daybreak on the 20th, the 
"cavarango" was up and the men off for their 
horses. The "cavarango" consists, generally, 
of green hands, boys and Indians. As it is be- 
neath the dignity of the accomplished vaquero 
to run with the "cavarango," he eats his 
breakfast and waits, with his riatta in hand, 
as the horses are corraled for the "round up." 
He generally selects a colt or a green horse for 
this purpose. After several hours' riding, the 
cattle are brought in from all directions to the 
rodeo, and the vaquero rides to camp, gets his 
dinner, changes his colt for a well-reined horse, 
to part out his cattle, the colt being too ner- 
vous and skittish for this part of the work. 
The vaquero takes pride in his silver-mounted 
bridle and well-reined horse, as he rides up 
and calmly surveys the "bunch" of two or 
three thousand head belonging to many own- 
ers. Some hold the rodeo, while others ride 
in to select their cattle. 'The practiced hand 
selects an old cow to start his "parada." He 
returns and sees a wild steer he wants to take 
out. This aS"ords him an opportunity to dis- 
play his horsemanship and skill, as the steer 
and horse watch each other and dodge each 
other with as much dexterity as two pugilists, 
until the steer is finally driven to the "parada." 
Sometimes a light fellow dashes into the rodeo 
and selects a cow near the center, and as she 
moves slowly he becomes anxious to display 
his horsemanship, crowds her until, with the 
agility of a cat, she dashes by him and back 
into the rodeo, while he sinks the rowels into 
bis horses' flanks and imagines his companions 
will think it was the fault of the horse. When 
the cattle belonging to different owners ate 
separated, all go to camp, the horses aie 
turned over to the "cavarango," and the cow. 
boys' work u done. A desire to appropriate 
"oreanas" or long-eared yearlings is character- 
istic of the Nevada cowboy. He will look with 
cool indifference at cattle dying of hunger or 
disease, but he cannot bear the thought of see- 
ing an "orciina," that is, an unbranded year- 
ling, runing at large. These ownerless waifs 
secrete themselves in secluded nooks when 
young, and elude the scalping knife and seat- 
ing iron until a year old, when they unexpect- 
edly cross the cowboy's path, and are mutilated 
and branded. Sometimes mistakes are made 
in branding oreanas, and the mistake is not 
discovered until the animal is branded, when 
it runs to it3 mother, which bears a different 
brand. This leads to animated discussions, 
when it is discovered that one man owns the 
calf and another the cow; but, as a rule, the 
veteran and not over-6crupulou3 cowboy is fer 
tile in excuses, and explanations follow, the 
brand is vented and all is well, A cowboy who 
has the reputation of being a good "repeater," 
was closely cornered one day, when a calf 
bearing his brand followed another man's cow 
into the rodeo. "Jack," said the owner of the 
cow, "I see a calf of your's following my cow. 
How does that happen?" Jack braced up and 
said: "You see, I have a $15 riatta here on 
my saddle, and as I was riding one day in the 
hills, swinging it, as I often do, that calf ran 
his head into the loop, and I couldn't let him 
run away with it." The owner of the cow 

A Victory for the California Spring-Tooth 

The courts recently rendered a decision con- 
cerning the validity of patents pertaining to 
spring-tooth harrows, which awards the rights 
to the "California spring tooth harrow, culti- 
vator and seeder," manufactured by Batchelor 
& Wylie, of 31 Market street, San Francisco 
The case was tried in the United States Court, 
at Grand Rapids, Mich, Judge Stanley Mat 
thews rendering the decision. This is the de 
cision of the Supreme Court sustaining a sirai 
lar decision of the lower court. The following 
is an extract from the decision; the complain 
ants being the owners of the patent under 
which the California spring-tooth harrow is 

The complainants are the exclusive owners of the patent 
and are entitled to the exclusive right to use tlie same 
and to sue for and receive all profits and damastcs arising 
out of, and accruinj; ff*jm infringements thereof. That 
said complainants are entitled to have a perpetual in 
junction to restrain said defendants, their ajjcnts, serv 
ants, and all claimin;!; or holding or operating through or 
under them, from making, vending or using, or m any 
manner disposing of any harrow, or harrows, or analo- 
gous implement or implements, embodying either or any 
of the inventions described and claimed in said re-isiued 
letters patent.^ 

TuE Land Commissioner of the Kansas P, 
cific Rives it as bis opinion that prohibition hss 
no effect in deterring immigration. 

Work of the Anti-Debris Association. 

The Executive Committee of the Anti Dabris 
Association met in Sacramento last week and 
transacted important business. At the Friday 
afternoon session it was unanimously deter- 
mined to hold a convention at Sacramento, 
Tuesday, September 2Gth, to be composed of 
205 delegates, apportioned to the different 
counties, as follows : Sacramento, 25; Yuba, 25; 
Yolo, 25; San -Joaquin, 25; Sutter, 25; Colusa, 25; 
Butte, 25; Solano, 10; Tehama, 10; certain reve- 
nue districts in Placer county, 10. It was or- 
dered that an address be prepared calling for 
the convention, and setting forth its purposes. 

The committee some weeks ago employed 
County Surveyor J. C. Pierson and City Sur- 
veyor L. F. Bassett to inspect the hydraulic 
mines along the American and Cosumnes rivers 
and their tributaries. These gentlemen were 
present at the meeting of the committee, and 
submitted writtea reports of observations, which 
were printed in the Sacramento Bee of Saturday 

At the Saturday morning session there was 
an informal discussion of matters pertaining to 
the suppression of hydraulic mining, lasting 
for an hour or more. 

S. D. Wood, of Yuba county, submitted the 
following resolution, which was, on motion, 
unanimously adopted: 

Rrsolt'cd, That an appropriation of $100 be made by each 
connty of tbe Anti-i>cbr]a Association, to <lefray the ex- 
peus-8 of making surveys of tbe bar of San Francisco harbor 
and tbe bays of .Sau Francisco and San Pablo; and the river 
approaches thereto. 

Oa motion, E. R. Graham was appointed to 
visit the county seat of Tehama county, with a 
view to arranging for a representation from that 
locality in the convention to be held in Sacra- 
mento on Sept. 2Gth. For a like purpose, P. 
R. Beekley was delegated to visit Solano 

After a general discussion as to details in con- 
nection with the proposed convention, an ad- 
journment was bad till Thursday, July 27 th, at 
2 F. M , after adopting the address and call pub- 
lished below. 

Call for an Anti-Debris Convention. 
There will be held at the city of Sacramento, 
on the 2Gl;h day of September, 1882, an Anti- 
Debris Convention of 205 members, composed 
of 25 delegates from each of the counties of 
San Joaquin, Sacramento, Yuba, Sutter, Butte, 
Colusa and Yolo; 10 delegates from each of the 
counties of Solano and Tehama, and 2 delegates 
from those revenue districts embracing the 
towns of Sheridan, Lincoln, Rocklin and liose- 
ville, in Placer county. In such revenue dis- 
tricts the appointment of these delegates is con- 
fided to Thomas R. Chamberlain and Jacob 
Mariner. In the counties named, with the 
exception of Batte, the appointment of dele- 
gates is onfided respectively to the supervisors 
thereof or a majority of each board. In the 
county of Batte the appointment of the dele- 
gates assigned to that county is confided to the 
supervisors of supervisor districts Nos. 2, 3 
and 4 thereof, or to a majority of them. Su- 
pervisors of all the above named counties shall 
be ex-offieio members of said convention. 

In the appointment of delegates great care 
must be taken to see that none but sound and 
responsible anti-debris men (willing to attend 
the convention) are selected, and that partisan 
politics shall not govern, or in any manner con- 
trol, in the selection of delegates. 

The object for which the convention is called 
is the organiziition of the residents and property 
holders of the Sacramento valley into a compact 
body, in order that complete protection may be 
afforded to all personp, property and water 
courses therein from further injury by the vicious 
and now judicially condemned system of by 
draulic mining. 

In the subjoined address we have endeavored 
to set forth the great necessity existing for the 
proposed convention. 

P. R. Beckley, Supervisor, Sacramento 
R. W. Meuowan, Supervisor, Yolo Co. 
S. D. Wood, Supervisor, Yuba Co. 
B. A. Gkay, Supervisor, Butte Co. 
I. N. Brock, Supervisor, Sntter Co. 
E. R. Graham, Supervisor, Colusa Co. 
Address to the Public. 
We acknowledge vast advances in public 
opinion in our favor and against the almost in 
describable spoliations of the hydraulic mining 
system. We thank to the uttermost all who 
have stood by our cause in its hours of greatest 
need, and with pleasure view the near approach 
of the end, which will restore to the great Sac 
ramento valley and its navigable water courses 
that degree of prosperity and usefulness to 
them rightfully and inherently belong 
ing. We reiterate that with the quartz and 
the drift miners we have no quarrel and pro- 
pose to have no law suits. We glory in their 
success aud take pride in the flourishing moun 
tain towns and settlements which their industry 
planted and now sustains. We are, neverthe 
less, admonished that a large and by far the 
most unscrupulous part of the hydraulic mining 
onerators propose to continue their law-defying 
practice of using the lands and water-courses in 
this valley as places for the permanent lodg 
ment of the damaging and disgusting debris of 
their mines, and are pained to declare that for 
the accomplishment of such an unjust purpose 
our wily adversaries constantly maintain in our 
midst packs of spies and informers, pledged and 
often, as we believe, paid, to sow dissensions 
among our adherents, and by tbe black arts of 

prevarication, cajolery, intimidation and fraud 
to prevent us, as far as they can, from resorting 
to our Courts of justice for the redress of our 
great and overshadowing grievancee, and whose 
practice?, logically considered are, simple de- 
mands that hydraulic mining shall not be inter- 
fered with, and that no expenditures of money 
shall be made for the protection of this valley, 
except for the construction of the already tried 
and condemned system of inefficent and calam- 
tous dams, and we are daily advised that at- 
tempts will be made at the coming November 
election to foist upon us State and county offic- 
ials not in sympathy with our cause, and who 
are but little better (if at all ) than the hired 
agents of that Goth and Vandal interest which 
has already inflicted damage in our seven 
counties to the extent of §23,000,000 without 
embracing the untold injuries caused by it to 
the navigation and commercial interests of the 
State at large. 

"Self-preservation is the first law of nature," 
and in our opinion the time has now arrived for 
the dropping of partisan considerations and 
prejudices, and throwing into the scale of right 
the weight of our aggregated population of 118,- 
785 for the preservation of our accumulated 
wealth of .$77,548,709, and the rescue of our 
homes and firesides from the desolating flood of 
sand slickens, and which threatens their de- 
struction. Further toleration of the great evils 
attendant upon hydraulic mining we hold to be 
shameless disloyalty to the localities in which 
we reside. One pull, a long pull and a pull 
altogether will relieve us once and forever, and 
for this purpose we have called the friends of 
the great anti-debris cause — by far the greatest 
now before the people of this State — to meet in 
convention at the designated time and place, 
and there, after due deliberation, to adopt such 
measures of relief as may be deemed adequate 
and necessary. 

Berkshires for Columbia. — Wm. 
Niles, of this city, who makes a specialty of 
fine cattle, hogs and poultry, shipped three 
Berkshire pigs yesterday by express, to British 
Columbia. Mr. Niles has frequent orders from 
a distance. — Los Angeles Express. 

News in Brief. 

France will join with England in protecting 
the Suez canal. 

The widow of Abraham Lincoln died at 
Springfield, 111., after a long illness. 

The pension appropriation bill (appropriating 
•$100,000,000) was passed by the Senate Satur- 

I HE majority for the prohibition amendment 
in Iowa was 29,751; total number of votes cast, 

A DISTRICT governor was beheaded, and 25 
soldiers of his escort killed by Montenegrin in- 

The Mayor and City Council of Leadville, 
Col,, have been arrested, fined and imprisoned 
for contempt of court. 

The transfer of Gen. Crook to the Depart- 
ment of Arizona gives great satisfaction to the 
people of that Territory. 

The corner-stone of the new Catholic semi 
nary at Mission San Jose, for the education of 
priests, was laid Sunday. 

JohnRin(JGOLD. "kingofthe cowbovs," killed 
himself at Morse's canyon, in the Ciiihuahua 
mountains, Arizona, Friday. 

The British rifle team, to take part in the 
International shooting match at Creedmoor, 
will leave England for New York August 26th 
The Secretary of the Treasury estimates that 
the pending bill will reduce the revenue from 
sugar and steel nearly .$10,000,000 per annum 
The Marin county court-room presented the 
singular spectacle the other day of a woman ar- 
raigned for murder, who had a six months' old 
infant in her arms. 

Fish Commissioner Parker has been very 
successful in planting fish in Washoe Like. He 
has introduced into that body of water tbe Sai- 
ramento river perch and catfish. 

In boring a well at Cloverdale, the auger, at 
a depth of 30 feet, passed through a white pine 
log, and six inches farther struck a tree stand- 
ing on end, and had to cease operations. 

The tunnel of the Eberhardt mine, at White 
pine, is now over 7,000 ft. in length, and there 
are several drifts running in different direc- 
tions, some of which are 500 or 000 ft. in 

Panama advices to July 8th, say: The revo- 
lution in Equador continui a to progres , 
Alfers, the revolutionary leader, has declared 
he will shoot all officers he mav capture wl o 
fight for Veintemala, the actual President. 

In the Manzinita hydraulic mine, near Ne- 
vada City, for several days the heat from the 
sun was so great that the employes could not 
work outside the line of spray from the moni- 
tors, and several of them who tried it were 
stricken down. 

In Buenos Ayrep, during the celebration of 
the funeral of Garibaldi, the curtain in one of 
the churches caught fire. The edifice was 
crowded and the wall fell down, burying many 
people. Twenty bodies were dug out and ten 
persons seriously wounded. 

A CORRESPONDENT of the Territorial Enter- 
prise, writing from Querobarle, Sonora, Mexico 
under date of July Ist, states that Frmt 
White, Richard Lewis aud William Reed, three 
Nevada miners, while out prospecting in Sina- 
loa, were surrounded bv a band of Apaches, six- 

Iteen in number, four ot whom they kl'led before 
they were themselves overcome auu murdered 
by the savages, 

Note— Oxu' quotations are for Wednesday, not Saturday 
the date which the paper bears. 

Weekly Market Review. 


San Franoisoo, Wednesday, July 19, 1882. 

There is still quite a difference between sellers and buy- 
ers as to the value of Wheat. Holders are firm, but sales 
are made at a slight concession by those who desire to 
realize on the Grain. The latest from abroad is the fol- 

Liverpool, July Is.— Wheat: California spot lots are 
dull and lower, at IO3 '2d@10j 5d. Cargo lots are 483 6d 
for just shipped. 495 fid for nearly due and 5O3 for off 
coast. Carifoes are rather easier. 

The Foreism Review. 

London, July 17.— The Mark Lane Express, in its re- 
view of the British grain trade for the past week, says: 
Very heavy rains and want of sunshine have retarded 
crops, and all cereals are badly rusted. Wheat was in 
small supply, and advanced '2d. Foreign advanced l@2j, 
partly owing to Egyptian troubles, which tlie trade think 
may occasion some months' delay in Indian supplies. The 
off coast market la firm. There were 14 arrivals and 8 
sales. A large business was done in American Red Win- 
ter for July and August shipments at an improvement. 
In Barley, foreign was dearer; Oats, Gd better; Corn, 
dearer, but irregular. Sales of English wheat duiing the 
week amounted to 14, .^22 (|uarters at 41s 5d ^ quarter, 
agaitist 14,27.0 quarters at 4Cs 2d ^ quarter during the 
corresponding week last yeir. 

FrelKhtB and Charters. 

The following is a summary of the engaged and disen- 
gaged Wheat tonnage in port and to arrive, according to 
the latest advices: 

In port. 1882. 1881. 

Engaged, tons. 37,200 38,900 

Disengaged, tons 27,800 1,900 

To arrive, tons 293,600 360,700 

Total 358,000 401,500 

Decrease for 1882 42,900 

The amount of tonnage under engagement yesterday to 
load Wheat was :i(;,SO0 tons, against 33,300 tons for the 
corresponding date last year, showing an increase 
of 3,500 tons. There were 2(3 vessels under engage 
ment yesterday morning at this port to load Wheat. The 
engaged and disengaged tonnage in port has a Wheat- 
carrying capacity for 97,500 short tons, against a capacity 
for (11.200 tons on the corresponding date last year, being 
an increase of 3(;,300 tons. The last charter rates reported 
were at 553 for wooden vessels to Liverpool direct, and 
(j03 for iron, Cork, V. K. 

Eastern Wool Markets. 

Boston, July 14.— The demand for domestic Wool is 
good, full prices have been realized, but there is no 
pi ospect of any improvement. Sales aggregated 2,380,000 
lbs of all kinds. 

New York, July 16. — On the market for domestic 
Wools the situation of affairs has been much the same as 
noted from time to time tor five or six weeks past. All 
classes of buyers move with much caution, if not positive 
indifference, and while occasionally business appears to 
be swelling into pretty full proportions, the increase 
proves only temporary, buyers withdrawing the moment 
they have met the limit of the purchase intended when 
they came upon the market. To meet the outlet the 
supply and assortment prove ample, and holders in pretty 
much all cases are ready to negotiate on a basis of about 
former rates, but 110 further concessions have of late been 
offered, as prices now current barely show a margin, and, 
indeed, in some instances it would be difficult to repur- 
chase in the interior and come out even. The manufact- 
urers who make their appearance upon the market are in 
very indiffere'it humor, and seem only to be looking 
around in a great many instances, and especially those 
who have stopped thtir machinery for the present. Ad- 
vices from the country and by mail, and through operators 
who have returned from somewhat extended trips, show 
about former rates ruling, with a considerable portion of 
the clip out of farmers' hands, though tbe latter are offer- 
ing somewhat less fretly, owing to the commencement of 
harvesting. The sales have been in part to manufacturers 
and Eastern dealers, but the principal buyers were local 
I'eilers, and, between the latter and the consumers, the 
contest must eventually lake place. In foreign Wools 
the movement is moderate and values slightly nominal. 
Siles included 4,000 lbs of Spring California at :J2(@34 
cents; 1,(.(10 lbs choice scoured at 84 cents. 

Boston, July 18 — The market for Wool is unchanged, 
with a steady demand for all desirable gravies, and a 
steady market is looked for, at least for the prFsent. Ohio 
and Pennsylvania Heeces range from 40c to 42c for X and 
.\X, and choice Michigan Wool is in favor with manu- 
facturers, on account of its excellent condition. Un- 
washed Heeces are in demand and firm. Fine and medium 
grades are quot'd at 25cft3Sc; low and coarse, 17@23c. 
Combing and delaine selection'' are in good demand, and 
meet with ready sale at 43(rt47e for fine delaine and fine 
No. 1 combing. California Wool is quiet, and very little 
has been done in it. Pulled Wools are in fair demand and 
have been selling at 45i" 17c for choice Eastern and Maine 
supers, and 2S((i42c for common and good supers. In for- 
eign Wool nothing of any consequence has been done for 
some days. Stocks of all kinds are small. 

PlIiLM)BLriii.\, July 18. — Wool is in improved demand 
and unchanged. 

Eastern Grain and Provision Markets. 

CnicAQO, July IS. — Wheat weaker and lower; Spring, 
$1 26 cash and July, $1.06 for August; regular, $1.06i for 
July, $1.03^ for August, .?1.02i for September. Corn, 
weak and lower, at 75.J cash, 75J bid for August, 74;] for 
September. Pork, steady, at 82 (.80 cash, $20.98 for 
September. Lard, firmer, at i$12.40 cash, $12.52^ for 

BAOS— Bags are higher and supplies are said to be 
"concentrated," which means perhaps "cornered." Pro- 
duc3 Exchange morning call sales of 50,000 Calcutta, 
buyer July, 89. 02.i, and 50,000, 60. For seller July, 
$9 65 was asked; no bids. For Oakland, spot, $9.30 was 
asked; buyer July, 19.10 bid, $0.25 asked. On the 3 
o'clock eal', sales were; 50,000 Calcutta, buyer July, $9.75, 
and .50,000, buyer July or August, $9.85. No tales on 
the Grain Exchange. For buyer July, ^9.55 was bid, 
.JO. 75 asked. 

BARLEY -Feed Barley is still doing well, while brew- 
ing IS slack, and Chevalier neglected. Sales on the Pro. 
duce Exchange were 775 tons, all feed, as follows: 25 No. 
1 spot, $1.30; 250 July, $1.26J; 200, $1,261; 200, $1.26; 100 
No. 2, seller 1882, $1.15; 3./0 No. 1 feed, August, $1.23}; 
50, $1,231; 200 No. 2 feed, August, $1.20; 200, $1.19*; 100, 
Sl.lf 1; 100; October, $1 20; 100, November, $1.22; 400, 
December, $1.22. For No. 3 Chevalier, July, $1.25 was 

(Continued on page CO.) 




[July 22. 1682 

The CMld and the Judge. 

r Written for the Rural Prhss by M. W.] 
A bright little boy, with ragged clothes, 
And shoes that scarce kept out the enows. 
Approached the judge in his high-backed chair. 
And, bashful, paused a moment there. 

"Judge, your honor," he said with a sigh. 
As he slowly raised liis childish eyes, 
"I haven't done nothing that's wrong, I vow, 
I always tried to be gojd, but now 

"I want to give mjself up like a thief. 
Because, I think, 'twill be a relief. 
For 1 don't want to live, as the rest, in the street. 
And learn to swear, to lie and to cheat. 

"No sir, my mother and father are dead; 
They died when I was a babe, it is said, 
80 I live with my aunt, who drinks a great deal. 
And beats me because I will not steal. 

"To-day she drove me away from the door, 
And told me tiever to come back more; 
And now nobody 'II take me in. 
Because my clothes is ragged and thin. 

"I can't get work, and I've nothing to eat, 
Unless I beg it, or steal in the street; 
Isn't there a place where I can go, 
Where they'll treat me kindly and I can grow 

"To be a good, a great and learned man? 
Oh ! please. Judge, send me there if you can. " 
The Judge removes his tear-dimmed glasses. 
While o'er his eyes his hand he passes. 

"I will see, my boy, " he kindly said, 
"That you want tiot for learning nor bread, 
'Tis a C"ld, hard world, but there's room for you. 
There's work for honest hands and true. " 
July 11, ias-2. ^^^^^^^^^^^ 

Circnmstantial Evidence. 

Mr. Fritchard lifted him out of the wagon 
and set bim down on the door-step. Wbat a 
little fellow he was, and what a wonderiog, 
pleased look there was in his eyes ! He had on 
coarse shoe?, a check apron, and his pretty 
brown hair was cropped close under the shabby 
cap. It was almost too cold a day for such a 
little fellow to be out without a coat. Mre. 
Fritchard took him by the hand to lead him in, 
and the little hand clang confidingly to hers. 

"What's your name, dear?" she asked, pleas- 

" Tommy Bobbitt," he answered, readily. 
"Am I going to stay here?" 

"Folks all dead," said Mr. Fritchard. 
"Mother went a month or so back. I told 
them over to the county house we'd take him 
and try him; and if he suited, we'd keep him 
and do well by him. We don't know what 
kind of stock be is yet; but if I find any mean, 
dishonest tricks in him, back he goes. We 
don't want to adopt a boy and set by bim, and 
have him sting us like a serpent in our old age." 

"Oh ! I know Tommy will be a nice little 
boy,'' said the wife, kindly. 

Tne Fritchards were farming people and well- 
to-do. They had never had a child of uheir 
own, and, after much consideration, had decided 
to adopt a boy when a suitable one could be 
found. Word reached them that a child four 
years old had recently been left upon the town, 
and Mr. Piitchard, on driving over to see about 
it, had brought the little fellow home on trial. 

Nobody knew how dreary and forlorn a life it 
had been in the county house for a little four- 
year-old boy, suddenly left friendless. He had 
wandered, shivering, in the yard, sometimes 
picking up here and there a red leaf to play 
with. He had hung around in the big, cheer- 
less room, where a few decrepit old women sat', 
because in the men's room there was a loutish, 
half-witted fellow, who frightened hi,v. Nights 
he elept with a dreadful boy, years older than 
himself, who said things to scare him, and who 
pulled all the bed-clothes away and kicked in 
nis sleep. And nobody knew how his little 
heart had ached for the dear mother, who, though 
very poor and unfortunate, had sheltered him 
to the last. 

Bat now, in his warm new home, he had 
brightened into a rosy, pretty boy. He had 
new shoes and stocking?, and Mrs. Fritchard 
made him the little coat, with a motherly in- 
stinct growing in her heart with every stitch. 
Ha learned the different rooms, and ran about 
them fearlessly; he made funny little speeches; 
he jumped and laughed like other happy boys, 
and climbed boldly upon farmer Pritchard's knee 
when that good man sat down to take his 
ease after snpper. 

"He's got meat in him," said the farmer, nod- 
ding approvingly; "but 1 don't know whether 
he's honest yet. That's the thing, to my 

Tommy had been there a week— had one week 
of sunshine — when the black cloud came down 
upon him. 

Farmer Fritchard had a cough, which was apt 
to trouble him at night, and on the bureau near 
the head of his bed he kept a few gum-drops, 
which he could reach out and get to soothe his 
tbroat when the coughing came on. One after- 
noon, chancing to go into the bedroom, his eye 
fell upon the little paper bag, and he saw there 
was not a single gum-drop there. 

"That rogue, Tommy, has bean here," he 

said to himself. "I know there were 5 or 6 
when I went to bed last night, and, for a won- 
der, I did not have to take a single one. Tom- 
my .' Tommy I Look here 1 Have you been 
getting my gum. drops ?" 

Tommy, who was playing in the door-yard, 
looked up brightly, and said: "No, I did not 
get any." 

"Did you take them, Lucy?" asked the 
farmer, turning to his wife. 

Mrs. Fritchard had not touched them, and 
her heart sank as she said so; for who was there 
left to do so but little Tommy? Her husband's 
face grew grave. 

"Tommy," he said, "yon need not be afraid 
to tell the truth. Didn't you take the gum- 
drops ?" 

"No, I didn't," replied Tommy, readily. 
"Oh, yes, you did. Tommy, Now tell the 

"No, I didn't." 

"This is bad, very bad, indeed," said Mr. 
Fritchard, sternly, "This is what I have been 
afraid of." 

"0, Tommy," pleaded Mrs. Fritchard, "if 
you took them, do say so." 

"If he took them !" repeated her husband. 
"Why, it is as clear as daylight. He has been 
running in and out of the room all the morn- 

But Tommy still denied the deed, though 
the farmer commanded and his wife implored. 
But Mi. Pritchard's face grew ominous. 

"I'll give you till noon to tell the truth," he 
said, "and then, if you don't confess — why, I'll 
have nothing to do with a boy that lies. We'll 
ride back to the poor-house this very after- 

"0, Joseph," said Mrs. Fritchard, following 
her husband into the entry, "he is so little ! 
Give him one more trial." 

"Lucy," he said, firmly, "when a youngster 
can tell a falsehood like that with so calm a 
face, he is ready to tell them by the dozen. I 
tell you its in the blood. I'll have nothing to 
do with a boy that lies. Perhaps the fear of 
going back may bring him to his senses." 

He went out to his work and Mrs. Fritchard 
returned to Tommy and talked with him a long 
time, very kiodly and persuasively, but all to 
no effect. He replied as often as she asked 
him, that he had not touched the gum drops. 
At last she gave it up, and with sad misgivings 
resumed her occupations; while Tommy went 
to playing with the cat upon the floor. 

At noon. Farmer Fritchard came into the 
house and had dinner. After dinner he called 
Tommy to him. 

"Tommy," he asked, "did yon take the gum- 
drops ?'' 

"No; I didn't," said Tommy. 

"Very well," said the farmer, "my horse is 
harnessed. Lucy, put the boy's cap on. I 
shall carry bim back to the poor-bouse because 
he will not tell the truth." 

"Why, I don't want to go back," said Tommy 
very soberly. 

But still he denied taking the gum-drops. 
Mr. Fritchard told his wife to get the boy ready. 
SQe cried as she brought out his little warm coat 
and cap and put them on him. But Tommy did 
not cry. Hefelt that an injustice had been done 
him, and he knit his baby brow and held his 
little lips tight. The horse was brought around; 
Mr. Fritchard came in for the boy. I think be 
believed up to the last moment that Tommy 
would confess, but the little fellow stood stead- 

He was lifted into the wagon. Such a little 
boy he looked as they drove away. The wind 
blew old, and he had to hold on to his cap. 
Nothing was said as they drove along, though 
Farmer Fritchard really felt a little sorry that 
he had gone so far. Bat Tommy bad no hope 
to bear him up. He only knew that all the 
happy life of the past few days was over — 
snatched from him suddenly. He thought of 
the cold, forlorn house to which he was return- 
ing, and shuddered. The helpless old women, 
the jeering boyp, the nights of terror; all these 
he tnought of, when, with pale face and blue 
lip.", he was taken from the wagon and sent up 
to the house. Farmer Fritchard wettched him 
as he went up the steps, a slow, forlorn little 
boy. He went in. T?he matron came out for 
an explanation. It was given, and the farmer 
drove away. 

He drove home. It was not a pleasant ride. 
He missed his little companion; but be reasoned 
obdurately with himself, that he had done all 
for the best. His wife met him tenderly at 
the door. The kitchen looked lonely as they 
went into it together. A top lay in one corner, 
a primer was on the footstool. Mrs. Fritchard 
put them out of sight. The farmer laid a fresh 
lot of gum-drops on his bureau at night, and 
thought grimly that these were- safe. He re- 
tired early, not knowing what else to do; but 
his sleep was broken. 

Mrs. Fritchard could not sleep at all. The 
tears stole through her closed eyelids long after 
the candle was put out and the bouse still. She 
was thinking of the poor little boy, even then, 
perhaps, cowering in his cold bed with terror. 

Suddenly a curioup, small sound attracted her 
attention. It was repeated again and again, and 
now and then there was a tiny rustle of paper. 
The sound came from the bureau. .She listened 
intently, and her heart beat loud with excite- 
ment. She knew that sound well. 

"Joseph ! " she whispered. "Joseph 1 " 

" What, Lucy," said her husband, in a voice 
that sounded as if be, too, had been lying awake. 

"Da you hear that noise, Joseph ? It's mice !" 

"I know it. What of it?" 

It's mice, Joseph, and they're after your gum- 

"Good gracious, Lucy 1 " groaned Farmer 
Fritchard upon his pillow. It Hashed upon him 
instantly. He, and not Tommy, was the sinner. 
The noise stopped. The little depredators were 
frightened, but soon began again; and a rare 
feast they made of it. 

It seemed as if that night would never end. 
The farmer heard every hour the clock struck, 
and at five he got up and made a fire in the 
kitchen. His wife arose at the same time and 
began to get breakfast. 

"I won't wait for breakfast," he said. "You 
can have it hot and ready when we get back. 
I'll harness up and start now, so as to get over 
there by dawn." 

In a few moments the wheels rolled noise- 
lessly over the frozen ground out on the road, 
and away drove Mr. Fritchard in the morning 

Mrs. Fritchard brought out the top and the 
primer again, and made the kitchen look its 
very cheerfulest. Then she got breakfast. .She 
baked potatoes, and broiled a chicken, and made 
fritters. She put the nicest syrup on the table, 
and a plate of jelly tarts. She laid Tommy's 
plate and fork in their place, and set up his 
chair. The sun had risen, and the bright beams 
fell across the table. She went to the door and 
looked up the road. 

Yes, they are coming ! They drove into 
the yard ; they stopped at the door ; and the 
wondering, smiling little Tommy was lifted 
down into Mrs. Pritchard's eager arms. She 
held him very tight. 

"Oh! my lamb! my blessing!" she mur- 
mured, woman-like. 

"Come, let's have breakfast now," said the 
farmer cheerfully. "This little chap's hungry. 
He's our own little boy now, Lucy. He's never 
going from us again." — Selected. 

Help for the Helpless. 

The Boys' and Girls' Aid Society, which meets 
at CS Clementina street, San Francisco, closed 
its eighth year of service in June, 1882. The 
aim of the society is to aid boys and girls in 
every possible way ; to rescue homeless, 
neglected, or abused children. It provides in 
its own quarters temporarily for such, furnishes 
homes and employment, maintains reading- 
rooms, a library, a gymnasium, classes for in- 
struction, lectures and entertainment, and en- 
courages industry, frugality and the saving of 
earnings among its boys and girls. 

In a letter from the Superintendent, E Imond 
T. Dooley, of July 15tb, he states that since 
May Is!;, more than a score have been rescued 
directly from the courts and the prisons, and 
twice as many beside have been started on more 
hopeful careers. Certainly, if the good results 
of the society for six weeks are such as this, it 
should receive practical encouragement. 

For the coming year, there is to be a new de- 
parture, which is outlined in the superintend- 
ent's address. It is, to supplant, as far as pos- 
sible, the institutional methods of dealing with 
juvenile delinquents by family care and discip- 
line. Normal development in the child can 
only be effscted by the family circle. This 
work, stated in a general way, is, in a peculiar 
sense, to oppose true home life to that of the 
street, institution, and every other sort of ex- 
istense, in rescuing the wayward and neglected, 
and encouraging the lowly who are struggling, 
among the boys and girls, wherever they can 
be reached. 

Bjys and girls who must work for a living, 
should be given the advantages of the swim- 
ming baths, the library, reading-rooms and 
gymnasium. They should also be taught the 
value of money and encouraged in saving their 
earnings, and should be given talks on every- 
day subjects of practical importance to them. 
A sewing-school should be organized, for which 
additional teachers will be needed. A school 
for instruction in cooking would also be of valur. 
The superintendent states that boys who are 
employed during the day can be lodged for about 
ten cents per night, and given all the privileges 
of the society. A competent lady has volun- 
teered to take charge of a singing-school, which 
is to be started during the present month. 
There are a number of children on hand for 
adoption, and many needing employment or 
homes, without legal adoption. Ladies and 
gentlemen who will volunteer to be correspond- 
ents of the society are needed in every district ; 
persons who would give information in regard 
to applicants for children and through whom 
children placed in their vicinity, or children in 
distress, might appeal to the society. Funds 
are always needed for the progress of the good 
work, and donations of clothing for both sexes 
will further the noble undertaking. 

Chinese Immigrants.— Since January 1st, 
1882, to date, and including the Chinese who 
arrived Tuesday, the following were the arri- 
vals by months: January, 1,373; February, 
3 5i2; March, 3,840; April, 2,702; May, 5,176; 
June, 4,CC7; July, 2,135; total, 2.3,495. The 
vessels which brought this horde of Chinese to 
this city numbered 20. The Oaelic, in 3 trips, 
brought 2,595; the Cihj of Tokio, in 2, 2,211; 
the Belgic, in 3, 1,175; the Oceanic, in 2, 2,199; 
and the Anjer Bead, in 2, 1,590. It is stated 
that the fine of Captain Fenwick, of the British 
steamer Slrathairhj, for overcrowding his vessel, 
has been reduced to $10,500. < 

Science Club.— No. 11. 

[All communications for this department should be ad- 
dressed " KcRAL Press Science Club," Berkeley, Cal.J 


[By Prof. Keep, Principal of the Alameda High School.' 

The world is made of rocks. In many places 
they come quite to the surface, and we call them 
ledges. Everybody has seen these ledges crop- 
ping out on the sides of mountains and hills. 
Sometimes they are covered by a little earth, 
with a few trees and bushes growing in the 
cracks, and seeming to hold on with all their 
roots lest they should be blown away. In other 
places the ledge is quite bare, and the brown, or 
gray, or white rock looks cold and hard, though 
in some spots the little drab mosses cover it and 
make it look more social. 

Year after year the rains beat on the surface 
of these ledges and wash away all the dust; 
sometimes the sun shines on them and makes 
them hot. and in winter the frost cracks them, 
and they begin to crumble. Pieces break off 
and roll down the hillside and are carried away 
by the swollen streams of winter, or buried in 
the rubbish at the foot of the mountain. 

If you live near the sea coaet, you know how 
the big waves come dashing against the shore, 
wearing away the rocks and leaving steep, jagged 
cliffs which, in turn, must themselves crumble. 
So, year after year the earth is being torn to 
pieces by the force of water; on the land, by 
the rain and the rivers; on the coast, by the 
dashing of the waves and the rush of the tides. 
This process was going on just the same 
when our grandfathers were boys, when 
Columbus discovered America, when Mathuse- 
lah was a baby, and even long before Adam was 
created and placed in the garden of Eden. 

n >w much the earth must have changed dur- 
ing these long ages! Hills have been torn down 
and washed away; great ravines and canyons 
have been cut by the rivers; the cliffs along the 
sea shore have been pounded into sand, and the 
ocean now rolls over places where once were 
hills and plains covered with grass and trees. 

Now, if you were to take a piece of stone and 
break it up very fine with a hammer, you would 
have a kind of gravel; and if you should put 
this gravel into a bowl of water and stir it up, 
the larger pieces would settle to the bottom and 
leave the water muddy. Now, if you turn this 
muddy water into a second bowl and let it stand, 
you will find a kind of clay at the bottom of the 
bowl; If you mold this clay into the form of a 
brick, and carry it to the brick kiln and heat it 
a long time, it will become hard, and you can 
throw it or pound with it just as if it were a 

Now, think what has been going on all over 
the world for thousands and thousands of years. 
The rains and the sea have been grinding the 
rocks into sand and clay. The rivers take up 
this mud and spread it out in times of freshet, 
making great plains, over which you can walk 
for miles and not find a stone as big as an egg. 
Gradually a good deal of this tine soil gets car- 
ried to the sea and is washed and washed by 
the waves, the coarser parts being thrown up aa 
sandbanks, and the finer part of it being laid 
down as beds of clay. Sometimes the bones of 
a dead fish fall to the bottom, or a family of 
clams make their home in this clay and leave 
their shells there. 

This world is a restless old giant. It is get- 
ting aged now, and the fire of its youth is cool- 
ing off, and it is rather stiff and slow in its mo- 
tions. Bat even now, if we go down half a 
mile in some deep mine, we find the rocks very 
warm, and if we could go down five miles, we 
would probably find them led-hot. Some parts 
of the earth's surface are risiog, and other parts 
are slowly sinking, and these changes probably 
went on much faster in old times than at 

Now, think what would happen if some part 
of our sea coast should get more than its usual 
share of the earth's heat for a few hundred 
years. It might get it by sinking down for 
awhile, or by being terribly squeezed by the 
weight of neighboring mountains, or by being 
covered up by deep deposits of new clay and 
sand. Doubtless the mud which is now at the 
bottom of the ocean would be hardened into 
rock, while the sand and pebbles and sheila 
would all be cemented together and look like 
pudding-stone. And if, after long ages, this 
rock should be pressed up by the hot earth, and 
should rise out of the water and form an island 
or a hill, its sides would seem to be composed 
of solid rock, and perhaps some future geologist 
would break off a piece with his hammer and 
find the old fish bones or clam shells perfectly 

This is the way most of our rocks have been 
formed. Almost all of them have, at some 
time, been under the sea in the form of beds of 
gravel, sand, or clay. By the slow processes of 
nature, they have been heated, hardened and 
raised up into hills and mountains. In many 
of them we find old shells or fossils; others, 
like the granites, have been melted so thor- 
oughly that no trace of these fossils remain; 
some, as the slate rocks, were made from beds 
of clay, while in others, like the sandstones and 
conglomerates, we can plainly see the pebbles 
and grains of sand of which they were com- 
posed. We should add that there are some 
rocks mostly black, hard and solid ones, which 
consist of the cooled lava, thrown out from 
ancient volcanoes. 

Mrs. E. O. Wood, residing near Talioe, El Dorado Co. , 
sent us a number of Sarcoilcu aanjiiineu (snow Howera) 

July 22, 1882.] 


lately, in exchanee for Keef's "Common Sea Shells of 
California." We have exchanged 3-2 of these books with 
BUbscribers— generally collectors and teachers. The speci 
mens we have received in return represent many counties: 

E. O. Pelton, Brownsville. Yuba county, will exchange 
a quantity of pressed plants for the latest edition of Rat- 
tan's "West Coast Flora." 

W. A. Tracv, Westminster, Cal., has shells for ex 
change. He sent us 80 specimens of various kinds to 
identify, but, as we feel sorry for the printers when we 
give them so much Latin, we forbear, and reply by letter, 
The corals and sponges he sent, indigenous to our coast, 
have no named duplicates in the "Geological Survey," 
and the nearest specialist who can determine our petrified 
wood (such quantities as our State possesses and is noted 
for) resides in Denver, Colorado. We will try, however, 
to find some named private collections outside of the 
State museums. 

Miss P. L. Parker, Rio Dell, Humboldt Co., Cal.. sends 
us in exchange a rare collection of pressed wild flowers 
and ferns. This lady is trying to furnish a cabinet for 
her school, and we hope the "Club" will assist her. 

Another teacher writes: "I do not know the names of 
the plants, and I have not time to try to analyze and 
classify them." Send us a leaf and flower of each of your 
plants and we will have them named for you. Over 100 
pressed plants came to us from Mendocino county for 20 
cents postage, and 50 from Placer county for the large 
sum of eight cents. 

Crittenden Hampton, Big Pine, Inyo Co., Cal., can fur- 
nish specimens of silver, lead anu copper ore, also volcanic 

"Collector," Shedd P. O., Linn Co., Oregon, has a large 
collection of ores, fossiU and shells. 

Miss Alice C. Owen, Guadalupe, Santa Barbara Co., has 
pressed plants, minerals and shells for exchange. 

Harry E. Dore, publisher, 512 Sacramento street, San 
Francioco, prints labels to order. Ho furnished us a 
quantity, with which we are well pleased , 

Our Puzzle Box. 

Numerical Enigma. 

I am a word of fourteen letters : 
My 4, 3, 2, 12 is to talk wildly; 

My 6, S, 4 is a vehicle tor transporting passengers and 
My 13, 7, ;i ig a wickedness; 
My 14, s, 9. is a French coin; 
My 10, 5, 4, is a title of respect; 
My 1 is a vowel; 
My whole signifies cupidity. 

Uncle Claudk. 

PhoDetic Spelltng. 

Example— A girl's name. Aus.— L. C. (Elsie). 

1. Full of seeds. 

2. A city in South America. 

3. A buy's nickname. 

4. Not dirticult. 

5. A number. 

0. A kind of bird. 

7. To fall to pieces. 

8. The same as whatsoever. 

9. Very cold. J. L. C. 

Added and Subtracted Fractions. 

To one-sixth of a plant add one fourth of a vehicle, 
two-fifths of a fruit, and one-fifth of a vagabond, and the 
sum will be a very useful article. From this sum sub- 
tract two-tenths of a city and the difference will be an 

The Life Spirit. 

[Written for Rural Press by .Julia M. Goodlst.J 

What causes the balmy winds to gently fan 
the earth until she arouses from the long slum- 
ber into which, during dreary winter, she had 
fallen, and sends up countless plants and flowers, 
and makes the bleak forest kings to put forth 
buds and leaves, changing the wilds to a scene 
of enchantment, grand in its immensity ? 'Tis 
this mighty sovereign, the life spirit. Who 
has not gone forth in spring and marked his 
kingly sway over all the earth ? Not only 
in spring, but throughout the passing year his 
rule is absolute. Think not, when in summer's 
parching droughts, dreary autumn or icy win- 
ter, death seems to be over all, that it reigns 
supreme. No. Life is still there, the predomi- 
nant power, and is only preparing ere long to 
burst forth in renewed splendor. The gurgling 
brook, the swift, flowing river, the placid lake, 
the roaring cateract, the boundless ocean, with 
its broad, warm currents, flowing from conti- 
nent to continent, are but his bassals, dispers- 
ing moisture throughout his rassals, dispersing 
moisture throughout his realm. The all-reviving 
spirit rules throughout nature's wild domain, 
and all her forces are but bis agents. 

Even the mighty atmospheric currents travel- 
ing from east to west, unite their power with 
that of earth's gigantic mountain chains, and 
the lightning's vivid blast, to obey his behests 
and awaken new life throughout his immeasura- 
ble domain. Yea, the mighty sun himself is but 
the servant of this wonderful spirit, ever dis- 
pensing, at his command, warmth and light 
to his numberless subjects. 

Who has not seen tnis mighty monarch in all 
his glory, for nature's broad domain is ruled by 
him. Where can man look or go and not find 
this wonderful all- pervading spirit? Though 
he climb to the summit of the most lofty 
peak of the snow-capped Htmalavas, or de- 
scend into the deepest recess of -Etna^s fiery 
crater — he is there. Though he roam from 
zone to zone, or sound the deepest caves of 
ocean's huge caverns — he is there. 

Yea, let his search begin in the darkest cor- 
ner of Pluto's sunless domain, then on through 
earth's remotest lands, then onward through 
boundless space, follow each planet as it moves 
in its shining orbit, or chase the dazzling 
comet in its mad career, and be will find no 
spot where this sublime spirit rules not. For 
since the morning stars first sang together, and, 
methinks, this music of the spheres was but 
the glad song in which they acknowledged his 
sovereignity, has this viewless spirit reigned 
supreme. In the beginning, he sprang from 
the throne of a loving God, and from thence he 
has reigned and will ever rule over all. 

And man — though the change we call death 
come over him, though we fold the wearied 
hands and lay him within the bosom of 
mother earth, though worms devour the decay- 
ing flesh which we were wont to love— why 
should we mourn and call him dead, since all 
nature teaches us the wondrous fact that it is 
but the change which precedes a glorious im- 
mortality; that even in that decaying frame the 
life spirit rules supreme, So plainly is this 
taught throughout all nature, the more we in- 
vestigate her laws, it seems scarcely necessary 
that to the reflecting mind a special revelation 
should be made. The shock of being separated 
from the dearest ones of earth seems often 
more than the human heart can bear; but with 
calmness comes the knowledge that the separa- 
tion is not necessarily permanent, and that 
they are beyond all care or pain. Beyond all 
pain ! Do we ever fully realize how much that 
means ? 

"There ig no death '. An angel form 

Walks o'er the earth with silent tread; 
He bears our best loved things away. 
And then we call them 'dead.' 

"Ah ! ever near us, though unseen, 

The dear immortal spirits tread— 
For all the boundless universe 
U life I There is no dead ! " 

San Bernardino, June 14, 18S2. 

Hidden Towns. 

1 Hand over your tickets, please. 

2. You know Ryson was at home, John. 

3. Well, if I am it, you must not intrude upon me. 

4. I looked over the placid scene. 

5. "Papa rises at five," said the little boy. 



1. Reverse a negative adverb and form a heavy weight. 

2. Reverse a masculine nickname and form a lair. 

3. Reverse to exist and form wickedness. 

4. Reverse a number and form a covering for the hair. 

5. Reverse a plural verb and form an epoch. 

6. Reverse duration and form to send forth. 

Unclb Clauds. 

Answers to Iiast Puzzles. 

Cross- Word Enioma.— Sharks. 

Dkcaimtations —1. .Jaunt, aunt. 2. Knit, nit. 3. 
Lever, ever. 4. Steak, teak. 

Blanks. — 1. Ware, wear. 2. Vial, viol. 3. Dey, day. 
4. Cite, sight, site. 
Metaora.m. -Soup, sou, so, o. 
Sljt ARK WoRii.— ORAL 

A Sunny Day. 

Editors Press: — Seeing in your paper a poem 
written by a girl of 14 years, I thought I would 
send you one as well, though it is not nearly so 
good as her's : 

Come out, for the sun is shinine. 
Why should thy heart be sad? 
Why ait in the hou^e repining? 
Come out in the sun and be glid. 

i^irds are singing, 

i lowers are springing, 
And all things seem to say 

"Away with thy tears 

And foolish fears. 
Come out in the sun and be gay." 

Come out, soft breezes are blowing 

From the not far distant sea; 
Near by a streamlet is flowing. 
Come sit on its banks with me. 

Its murmuring song. 

As it hurries along, 
.Shall charm away our fears; 

And as it glideth slow. 

With music low. 
It shall.carrv away our tears. 

Thus the stream of life is flowing. 

Carrying our sorrows into the past; 
They float away without our knowing. 
Till, beyond our reach, they seem joys at last. 

But the sun is shining 

And all repining; 
Before it fades away 

We will leave all sorrow 

Uniil to morrow 
And be merry and glad to-day. 

"Gem's" poem is better than this, I am sure. 

Phyllis, aged 14 years. 

Santa Cruz. 


(Written for the Rural Press by D.] 
N. C. relates: The two Mott boys had re- 
cently purchased a new "bull dog," and were 
out hunting with him. The dog found and at- 
tacked a skunk, and, as is usual in such cases, 
received a liberal showering. When the boys 
came up to where he was, they found him roll- 
ing himself on the ground and in the dust, in 
vain endeavors to rid himself of the unwhole- 
some odor, whereupon one of the boys, observ- 
ing his distress, burst forth laughing at him. 
This so enraged "Bull" that be was about to 
make the young man understand it was no 
laughing matter, and it was with much dithculty 
that he was induced to desist. 

P. C. relates that he was in the barn after 
dark, working among his horses, when it hap- 
pened that, the barn being alive with rats, one 
of the horses stepped on one of the rats, and it 
began to squeal. No sooner did this occur than 
he was surrounded by a thousand of the infuri- 
ated pests, coming to the rescue of their dis- 
tressed comrade, and obliged to beat a hasty re- 

D. relates: Having seen what at first appeared 
to him to be a snake with two tails, but on 
being disturbed, the anomaly dispersed in two 
difTereut directions. It proved to be one snake 
swallowing another. The process had almost 
been concluded when they were disturbed. The 
snake which had been swallowed 8eet;ned to be 
as lively as usual afterwards. 


The bite of a skunk is said to be as poisonous 
as that of a rattlesnake. 

It is said that rats may be driven away from 
a place by tying a string about the neck of one. 


[Written for Rural Press by L S.] 
What a world of love is shown in that one 
word! How lightly we look upon that loving 
care with which she guides our erring feet and 
watches, with feeling, which none but a mother 
can know, the expansion of our youth to years 
of discretion ! How little do we, in the youthful 
sound of pleasure and folly, heed her ad- 
vice 1 We may not think of it in youth, but it 
will be recalled to us in after yearp, when the 
dark grave has placed her beyond our reach and 
we hear her gentle voice no more. How deeply, 
then, we regret the many deeds we have done, 
contrary to her loving advice ! How we long 
for her back again, that we may do over what 
we have done amiss ! But, alas ! when once 
gone, we can never call her back, and our 
hearts become sad with the mournful reflection. 

The Removal of Scars and Cicatrices. 

The Journal oj Pharmaaj furnishes from 
good sources the following hints on this topic: 
The cicatrices, scars, or marks left by various 
diseases, burns, or wounds of divers kinds, are 
often less obstinately permanent than is gene- 
rally supposed; and from some facts which have 
lately come under our notice, we are in- 
clined to think that their prevention or 
removal in many cases may be accomplished by 
some mild but effectual antiseptic. 

Among the exemplifications of the efficacy of 
the formula we are enabled to lay before our 
readers is the case of a gentleman of our ac- 
quaintance, whose face was so severely burned 
by the violent spurting of a quantity of melted 
lead (owing to a workman having incautiously 
dropped a wet pipe into it), that his eyes were 
only saved by pebble spectacles from utter de- 

At first, of course, carron oil was the sole ap- 
plication ; and, a3 for weeks afterward particles 
of the granulated metal had literally to be dug 
out of the flesh, a deeply-scarred countenance 
was naturally predicted by all, except the pa- 
tient himself. One mark, of an almost imper- 
ceptible character, alone remained after the ex- 
piration of G months, owing, as our friend says, 
to the whole face being bathed 2 or 3 times a 
day, as soon as the oil treatment could be dis- 
continued, with a lotion of the simplest charac- 
ter, as is seen Vy glancing at itscoEStitueals. 

Lint soaked m the same solution, and allowed 
to remain on some little time, will frequently 
mitigate the visible results of small-pox, and 
we have known one case of ringworm treated 
in this way to leave no scar whatever, while a 
sister of the latter patient, who had had the 
same disease in a lesser degree, but had not em- 
ployed this lotion, still retains the evidences of 
the fact. The following is a convenient form- 
ula for a wash: Borax, A ounce; salicylic acid. 
12 grains; glycerine, 3 arachms; rose water, (i 

Rare-done Meat Injurious. 

There are no indications that the mania for 
undercooked beefsteaks is on the decline; in 
restaurants only such are served. This refers 
to robust people, but weakly persons continue 
to patronize pounded raw chops and steaks.and t) e 
juiceof uncooked meat. M.Toussaint exposes the 
grave dangers of patronizing such a dietary, ap, 
if the meat is unsound, the germs of disease win 
inevitably pass into the system. He states 10 
contagious malady possesses greater virulence 
than tubercular affections, or consumption, and 
that is the form of the disease most to be en- 
countered in meat sent to the market. In the 
slaughter-houses, an ox, etc. , is not rejected as 
unfit for food, unless the lung be entirely af- 
fected, bui gray granulations may still exist and 
produce infection. 

M. Toussaint took the lung of a cow not very 
much affected with consumption; he placed it 
under a press and collected the juice; he inoc- 
culated rabbits and young pigs with the liquid 
as it came from the press, and after he had 
heated another portion to 114° Fahr. , the result 
was, all the subjects died within a very short 
period. He extracted the juice in the same 
manner from the thigh of a pig, dead from con- 
sumption, previously cooking the flesh, to cor- 
respond with that served in hotels, etc., accord- 
ing to the latest fashion. Then he inocculated 
rabbits with such grilled juice, and they invari- 
ably died of consumption. There are cases 
where the consumption of raw meat is neces- 
sary; here duty suggests to ascertain well the 
origin of such meat; in all other cases it is pru- 
dent to only eat meats suitably cooked; that is, 
meat whose interior has been acted upon by a 
temperature of 150° or 160°. — Kansas C'dy Sci- 
ence Review. 

The Best Foods. — Wholesome, nutricious 
foods— those that supply the system most read- 
ily with what is required to give it vigor and 
endurance — are those foods that are cheapest 
and most generally distributed over the earth. 
These are the cereals and ot'uer direct products 
of vegetation. There is as much nutriment in 
one pound of beans, wheat or rice as there is in 
three poun Is of beef, mutton or poultry. 

Cherry Preserves. 

Ed.s. Press:— The bright red ones are the 
best. Wash the cherries, but keep on the 
stems; drain in a colander; weigh them, and to 
one pound of cherries allow three-quarters of a 
pound of honey; put these into wide-mouthed 
bottles; cork them tightly; lay the bottles into 
a kettle of cold water; place straw between the 
bottles to keep them from staking; then set 
the kettle containing the bottles in a hot place 
and let it slowly heat, and boil for three hours; 
renewing the water as it evaporates; then let 
the bottles cool a little, and cement the corks 
closely; keep them in a cool, dry place. 

Another, — To eight pounds of cherries, six 
pounds of honey; stone the cherries; put the 
juice with the honey; boil and scum it well; 
then put in your fruit and boil that three hours, 
take up the cherries, and boil the syrup fifteen 
minutes longer. To candy any kind of fruit 
when cooked in the syrup lay them in a seive 
to drain, a single layer at a time; dip them 
very quickly into hot water, to remove any 
syrup which may adhere to them, then drain 
them, and lay them on a cloth before the fire 
to dry. When all the fruit is thus dried, sift 
thickly over finely-pounded loaf-sugar while 
the fruit is warm, then lay the fruit on dishes 
in a moderately- heated oven; turn them and 
drain all moisture from them. The fruit must 
not become cold until perfectly dry. If done 
properly they present a beautiful appearance. 

Mrs. L. Wright. 

Monterey, Cal. 

Jenny Lind Cake.— One pound of pulverized 
sugar, one pound flour, seven ounces butter, 
five eggs, one teacup sweet milk, one even tea- 
spoon soda, three of cream of tartar. Stir but- 
ter and sugar to a cream, then add the yelks of 
the eggs well beaten, next the milk, and then 
the flour in which the cream of tartar has been 
sifted; after this the whites of the eggp, beaten 
to a stiff froth, and last the soda, dissolved in 
a teaspoon of cold water. Three even teaspoons 
of baking powder may be used in place of the 
soda and cream of tartar, and should be sifted 
in the flour. This recipe makes excellent layer 
cakep, and will make two loaves of nice cake. 
For a chocolate cake make an icing not quite as 
thick as plain icing. Flavor with vanilla and 
stir in grated chocolate. 

Old-fashioned Loaf Cake. — Take three 
quarts of sifted (and well-heaped) flour, a pint 
of soft butter, one quart of sugar, five gills of 
new milk, half a pint of yeast, three eggs, two 
pounds of raisins, a teaspoonful of soda, a gill 
of brandy or wine, two teaspoons cinnamon and 
two of nutmeg. Ssald the milk, cool to blood- 
vrarm, add the yeast, then the flour, to which 
all the butter and half the sugar have been 
added; then mix together and let rise until 
light. It is better to set this spunge over 
night, and in the mourning add the ingredients 
(flour and raisins) and let rise again. When 
light, fill the baking pans and let it rise again. 
Bake iu a moderate oven. This recipe makes 
three large loaves, and is a standard, economi- 
cal loaf cake. 

Remedy for Sunburn. — Bruise and then 
squeeze out the juice from the stalks and leaves 
of the common chickweed, and add to it three 
times as much rain-water. Bithe the skin with 
this for a few minutes morning, noon and night, 
and wash it ofl' with pure water. Elder flowers 
can be similarly treated and applied, or they 
can be steeped in milk and the face and hands 
washed in it. Sour cream applied at night and 
washed off in the morning will allay smarting 

Brewis. — Take stale bread and break or cut 
into small pieces; put a quart of the pieces into 
a fiyiQf -pan; pour over it one pint of fresh milk, 
and cover light; put on the stove for about 10 
minutes, when it is not too hot, then remove 
the cover and break in one egg; add a piece of 
butter the size of a nut, a little salt and pepper; 
stir with a fork for a minute or two, and serve. 
This, with scrambled or poached eggs, makes a 
nice dish for breakfast. 

Hattie's Loaf Cake, — Two cups of sugar, 
one cup of butter, three and a half cups of 
flour, one scant cup of sweet milk, five eggs, 
one heaping teaspoonful of baking powder; beat 
the whites of two eggs to a stiff froth, adcl half 
a cup of pulverized sugar, six tables poonfuls of 
grated chocolate, two teaspoonfuls of vanilla. 
After putting this on the top of the cake, set it 
in the oven to harden. 

Ox-Tail Soup. — Take two tails, wash and 
put into a kettle with about one gallon of cold 
water and a little salt. Skim off the broth. 
When the meat is well cooked, take out the 
bones and add a little onion, carrot and toma- 
toes. It is better made the day before using, 
so that the fat can betaken from the top. Add 
vegetables next day, and boil an hour and a 
half longer. 

Hints on Canning. — In canning fruit, if you 
hold your glass can in a wet towel it will not 
break when the boiling fruit is put into it. It 
need not be previously heated, but you must 
have the towel as high as the neck of the can 
and over the bottom. You can gather the ends 
of the towel in your hand to hold it by. 



(July 22, 1882 

DEWEY & CO., Publishers. 


Office, S5S Market St., N. E. Cor. Front St., S. F. 
trTake the Elevator, Xo. It Front St.MH 

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advance at present, to settle up to date and one year in 
advance at the very reasonable rates here offered for so 
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Entered at San Francisco P. O. as second-class matter 

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DEWEY & CO., Patent Solicitors. 

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W. B. IVIR. 



Saturday, July 22, 1882. 


EDITORIAL8-The War in Eeypt; The Nursery, 
man's So vices 49 Ihe Week; Importing Butter, 56 
The Peanut Prouuct; In the ro-cst; Wheat Abruau; 
Gath-ring Crop Reports; Califo'nia Cheese Factoiies, 

ILLUSTRATIONS— Group of Egyptian Soldiers in 
the Bazar in • airo. 49 Aphides of Plant Lice, 56. 
MoorJiwht in Ihe Fortst, 57. 

CORRESPUNDENCiU.— Sc'entiflc Names; Tuol- 
umne Woles, 50. 

HO RTIGOLTCJRE.— Riverside Apricots; The Fruit 

Interest. 50. 
THh; 0A1KY -Dai-y breeds, 51 
FOkEs 1 ttY.— roresi Trees of California— No. 5, 51. 
THE STABLIfi.— The Slate Fair Programme, 61. 
P.aTHON.-> Of HOaBANURY.-Grauiie LeaBets, 

No. 4; Coni r;i Cosla Urangtrs' A3!^ocialiun, 52. 
AGKIOULTOR^L NOIHS. 'mni various 

(ounties of Californii and Nevada. 62-53. 
HOME CI KULE. -The Child and iho Judge. (Poetry); 

Circumston'ial Evidenc ■; Help for .he Helpless; Science 

t lull— No. 11, 5 ♦. The Lite Spirit, 5 i. 
YOUNG Folks' COl.UoaN. our Puzzle Box; 

A Sui.nv Day ; Z lological; Mother, 55. 
GOOD ' H HA i.^TH. —The Removal of Scars and Clca- 

tiices; R^re d .ne Meat li Juriouti, 65. 
DOMKbTIc ECONOMY —Chei ry Preserves ; Jenny 

liind Cake; Old-fashioned Loaf Cak< ; Remedy for Sun- 
burn; Bre«is: "atties's Loaf Cake; Ox-iail Soup; Hii ts 

on CanninkT, 55. 
EN rOMOLOUlCAL.— Aphides sn-l Lady Birds; The 

Cricket!<; Toe Los Angeles Chaftrs, 56 
QUBRJE3 AND hEHLllfiU.—Coiswolds Wanted; 

Oil Heal fur Fowls; Pits and Doimant Buds, 66. 

Business Announcements. 

Wagoni, A W Sanborn & C>i , S.n Franeieco. 
Economy Hay Press. Baker U Hamilton, S. F. 
Improved Egg Food, B. K. W eiliiiKtou, S. F. 

The Week, 

The U. S. Signal Service on the Pacific coast 
haa rnn a week with dry buckets. Sergt. 
Gorom reports to us to day that for a week not 
a drop of rain has fallen at any signal station 
from Oljmpia to San Diego, a stretch of 1,3U0 
miles— without a sprinkle for a weok. Can the 
world show better harvest weather ? Meantime 
the cable says Eagland is dripping and soaking, 
and with all the machinery of hsy-dryiog kilns 
and stacks, pierced with flues for the admission 
of drying air from fans, she cannot save her 
grain from germination or her hay from mold. 
TN'e can well bear the dust for such a boon as 
a clear sky when the harvest presses. 

There is, however, one drawback which would 
ba indetd a fatal one, if it were not for the dry 
days aLd the long harvest season. There is a 
lack of harvest hands in all districts where 
there is grain to gather. Even the coast ranchers 
near the city are losing their hay hands and 
their milkers, they being led away by the hope 
of high wages in the interior. It is reported 
from Butte connty that the farmers are resorting 
to a sort of "shangbaeing" to entice the loafers 
away from the village saloons to the tields, A 
locil paper describes the method to be setting 
forth free whisky in the saloons until the loafers 
get so drunk that they do not know enoagh to 
refuse work, and then they are bustled into 
wagons and started for the ranch to sober off. 
Such is the story which comes to us, but we 
imagine the writer was drawing largely apon 
his fancy, fur no farmer would care to have such 
laborers, nor could he restrain them after they 
sobered, even if he desired to. 

Importing Butter. 

Three refrijerat-ir cars, loaded with fresh butter, have, 
within >he pafit tbrre days, been replenished with Ice by 
Warner & Co.. of E ko. Tliree thousand pounds of the 
frigid was distributed in each car, and, as only 20 minutes 
was allowed for the purpose, the process was very lively. 
Iho butter i.* shipped i.y Prank W. Yale, of Atchiann. Kan- 
sas, to W. aton & Luhrs, San Francisco. This would seem 
very much like seooing coals to Newcastle, tut it must ray, 
or business men would not engage In the entcivrian.— Elko 

It would seem that unnsual efforts are being 
made this year to bring in P^astern butter in 
good condition, and it seems quite likely that 
the running in of this material would act as a 
brake upon the California butter market, and 
prevent our own producers from gaining the full 
reward for their labor by gaining the good prices 
which alone can compensate them for the lesser 
production which is to be expected this year. 
This importation of Eastern butter is, of course, 
an enterprising and legitimate business, and 
will be of service to the batter consumers of 
the State. There is only one thing which can 
be said at all derogatory to men who are en- 
gaged in it, and that is that all the importing 
firms are no doubt receiving consignments of 
California butter from our dairymen, and re- 
ceiving the support of our dairymen in the shape 
of commissions for the sale of the butter. At 
the same time, they are bringing in large 
amountsof Eastern butter, which reduce the price 
of Californian, and thus, while selling as pro- 
ducers' agents, they are, at the same time, specu- 
lating in an article which is in direct competi- 
tion with it. It seems to us a sort of divided 
loyalty, which may be profitable to the agent, 
but is injurious to the principal. We have 
nothing against the firm mentioned in the item 
which we quote from an exchange, more than 
we have against all firms which are both com- 
mission merchants and speculators. We have 
no doubt there are many doing the same kind 
of trade. We object to the method, not the 

The ideal commission merchant is one who 
gives his undivided attention and interest to 
the producers who favor him with their prod- 
ucts, and we shonld think he wonld be morally 

Aphides and Lady Birds. 

Editors Pkkss: -I send you some watermelon leaves 
covered with eggs and insects similar in appearance and 
depredations to cabbage ;ice, but of a daiker green. 
Some of them have wings. 

1 also send you two round-shaped bugs of a reddish 
color, one having s^ots on each wing, the oth.>r without 
spotj; also some worms from the fxme vines, that appear 
to be an ofTspi ing of the bug, as I have seen some of them 
with a shell on their back in front, and appeared to be 
hulf bug and half worm. When the bugs Histmide their 
api>earance on the vines, the leaves became crisped, and the 
soil under the vines luolied dark, as if it had been greased. 
Wasps and a kind of bumble-bee seem to be busy where 
the vine* are affected. Can you tell me what produces 
the small insect, and suggest a remedy for them and the 
bugs ? 

1 have frequently noticed a good many dead birds on 
the ground under telegraph wirts. Mieht not this sug 
gesl to some one to try the battery on the linnet'.'— W. f 
Ualb, Red Bluff, Cal. 

Tbe insects first mentioned are aphides, or 
plant lice. They are, as our correspondent sur 
misec, similar to the cabbage lice, being another 
species of the same genus. As there are more 
than 300 speecies of aphides described, and no 
one knows how many undescribed, it may be 
seen that the family is a large one. The main 
characteristics of the aphis are easily recogniza- 
ble, and when one learns them he can tell at 
once that he is troubled with an aphis, whether 
he sees it on his orchard trees, in his flower 
garden, on his vegetables or in his grain lieldp 
They infest all kinds of plants, and their work 
is always attended by a shriveling of the growth 
accompanied by a dirty appearance, which the 
inelegant adjective "lousy" best describes. We 
give on this page an engraving showing aphides 
as they appear with a good hand magnifying 
glass. These insects increase in a most marvelous 
manner, and one is often surprised to see a 
plant or bush upon which a few have located, 
quickly covered with them. It was formerly a 
great puzzle to understand, or to account for, the 
rapid increase of the plant lice, and the question 
has been carefully entertained by some of the 
most distinguished naturalists and physiologists 


bound not to engage in business which was in 
direct conflict with that interest. All kinds of 
speculation are foreign to the proper conduct of 
a commission house. There are houses in Kew 
York, and, we presume, in this and other cities, 
which do not "deal" in the commodities they 
sell, except as agents, and all their sharpness 
and skill in trade goes to the advantage of their 
consigners. These houses are not tempted to 
push aside the interests of their patrons to sell 
something of their own, which they bought on 
speculation. It is an old truth, that one can- 
not well serve two masters; and if a man has 
colA Lcting interests in his charge, it is inevitable 
that he will serve best that which brings most 
to his own pocket. Those who enjoy the patron- 
age of Calitornia butter makers should have an 
eye single to the promotion of the California 
article. The same cotflict of interest prevails 
in the cheese trade, and mast be regarded in 
the same light. 

Inasmuch as this Eastern or "Western" but- 
ter is coming forward in large quantities, and 
with all the advantage of refrigerator cars, it 
will be of interest to see what tbe price is in the 
markets near the source of these supplies. Wu 
have secured the following quotations for July 
ISih in the places named: 

Chiciigo. St, Louis 

Creamery 20(824 22(g2C 

Dairy 1S<SJ0 lb®22 

Inferior Hi^li lJ(al5 

Farther west, say in Kansas, where the sup- 
oHbs are being gathered up for shipment to Cal- 
i ornia, no doubt somewhat lower rates prevail. 
It is doubtful whether more than 20(2 22 cents is 
paid for the stock sent here, as good selections 
from daily butter could be bad at such rates. 
With good butter selling here at 30 cents, there 
is apparently a good margin for profit, and so 
1 mg as this remains, as may be expected dur- 
ing the summer months, it will act as a clog to 
a proper advance in the California made article. 
The subject of butter and cheese selling is one 
which the dairy men of California should con- 
sider and act upon a« the producers of other 
States do, but here there is no organization and 
apparently no disposition to organize, and there 
being no avenue for tbe exertion of producers, 
influence, none is felt. The dairy producers of 
California have it in their own bands to do or 
to forbear. 

The Stanislaus Wheat Grower denies the 
story circulated that tbe crops of that oounty 
have failed, and says Stanislaus never had a 
failure. It adds that the yield will be little 
'esa than an average one. 

I of the world. Kaltenbach and Professor Hux- 
ley, who have paid considerable attention tu 
their history, bear out Heaumer's assertion of 
the infinite and almost incredible powers of 
multiplication possessed by these feeble-looking 
plant lice. That author calculates that a sin- 
gle aphis may, in five generations, be the pro 
genitor of nearly (i,000 000, descendants. 

Our correspondent will notice upon two of 
the insects in the picture, pointed projections, 
like small horns, issuing from the back part of 
the body. These are the "honey tubes," through 
which tbe insect ejects a sweetish substance 
With a magnifier, a crystalline drop of this 
honey may often be seen at the point of the 
tube. This honey has great attractions for 
some other insects, which accounts for the pres- 
ence of the bees and wasps which he mentions. 
It is also very delicious to ants, which are gener- 
ally found running about on the plants infested 
with the aphis. These ants may sometimes be 
seen stroking the body of the aphis with their 
antentie, or "feelers," until the aphis gives out 
the honey-drop which tbey desire. For this 
reason the aphis has been aptly called the milch 
cow of the ant. The ants assist the aphis, and 
it is said that they will carry tbe aphis to a new 
plant when one becomes too thickly covered 
with them. This honey-like substance is the 
"honey dew" which falls in forest". It is this 
honey which drops on the ground under our 
correspondent's watermelon vines and produces 
the greasy appearance which he describes. 

The round reddish "bugs" which are sent are 
lady-birds, of which we gave a full account in 
the Rural of June 17th. The lady birds are 
friends of the pUnt-grower, as they devour the 
aphides in great numbers. If our correspondent 
will watch closely, he will see the lady-bird 
sieze the aphis and extract the juice from his 
body and cast away the "remains." The pecu- 
liar "half- worm and-half-bug" creatures, which 
our correspondent sees, arc the larvie of the 
lady-birds. They are especially hungry for 
aphides, and do more good than the full grown 
lady- birds, for they have better appetities. Tbe 
progress of the lady-bird is this: The round, 
lull-grown insect lays the egg; from this 
hatches the "half-worm-and-half-bug," and this, 
after a period of eating, transforms into the 
round, hard-shell, perfect lady-bird. These 
lady- birds sometimes come in such great quanti- 
ties that they clear cif the aphis completely. 

The aphis is comparatively an easy insect to 
destroy. Sprinkling or spraying the leaves 
with soap-suds made of soft soap or whale-ail 
soap, or with a tea made of tobacjo refuse, will 
kill them quickly. Dusting the leaves with 
buhacb will also do it effectnally, and thu ia a 

neat and clean antidote to use in the flower 
garden. On a large scale, the suds or tobacco 
water will be cheaper. 

The Crickets. 
Eastern people have no idea of the cricket* 
which operate in the northern half of the Pa- 
cific coast. The chirpers of the Eastern States 
are but feeble representatives of their Western 
cousins. The Lassen Coit^ly Advocate has an 
item which may show the quality of the Pa- 
cific crait crickets. It says : 

On tha Long ranch they passed through a wheat field, and 
where they went not a Bptar was left. In a field of timothy 
throush which they i as»ed it 1 Kjked like a i and i f .heep 
liad been thi ough-atalks of dead jcrjss strewing the ground 
Mowers were set towork trjing to save some of th« h.y. At 
Mrs Armstrong s ranch they inv..ded her wheat field, and 
the wheat n now being eut for hay. Fir g and smoke can be 
seen lor miles down the north si e of the val ty. occasioned 
by the ranchers burning the «ag\bru,ib, liy which in ans they 
are turned or held in choi k si inewhat. and ihuuta ds a o 
al.o burned to death What the outc .me of this invasion 
will be it is hard to j)redict as it is evident that we are as yet 
oldy co-;tendinE with the tkiimishers. the niajii i (idy being 
far n rti .1. N. White iof ^rm, ui that a few days ago he 
rode from Horse lake to surpii.c valley, a distance of over 
40 m Ics. a'ld not a foot of the road bat was covered with 
crickets. <lur latest reports from in ti is immediate 
neighborhood aie to the purnoit th<t a large band lias 
crossed Piute cre^kand thriaceiis to llank the town. 

The Los Angeles Cbaiera 
We made recent reference to some chafers, or 
"May bugs," sent to Mr. Cooke from Los Ange- 
les county. It seems that the article from which 
we quoted was incorrect, in some respects. The 
insect is nocturnal in its activity and a recluse 
during the day time, instead of the reverse, as 
was stated. They are also quite fleet of wing, 
and whether they would be content to drop on 
a sheet under the trees, in any considerable 
numbers, would have to be ascertained before 
relying upon this mode of capture. We had 
specimens of this insect from Los Angeles, two 
or three years ago. They are much smaller 
than the bustling "May beetle" of the Ejst. 
The chafers do immense damage in Europe, 
sometimes laying waste whole neighborhoods. 
They do not seem to have been so destructive 
in this State. 

Cotswolds Wanted. 

Editors Press:— I want to get a thoroughbred Cot»- 
wold ram and ewe, and I see no advertisement of any 
breeders of them in your paper. If you could write me 
the address of some breeders of them vou would oblige 
me.— Alrx. Waddinoto.n, Feri d.le, Humboldt Co. , Cal. 

Some of our readers can answer our corre- 
spondent. Our "Breeders' Directory" should 
include the announcements of all well-bred an- 
imals. Breeders consult their own intireitsby 
advertising their stock. 

Oil Meal for Fowls. 

Editors Press:— In Mr. Damon's article in 
the last nnmber of the Pre.s3, "Do Chickens 
Pay ?" he recommends oil meal cake as a substi- 
tute for meat. Will he please inform an ama- 
teur hoio to use ii?— Mrs. J. H. Smvtu, Oak- 

Pits and Dormant Buda 
Editors Prrss — Will some reader tell how to preserve 
apricot and peach pits until the planting season? How 
would it do lo put them in a box mixed with wet sand, 
the sand to be kept wet by frequent watering. What 
percentage of trees die when planted in dormant bud!— 
M. C. H., S. F. 

Will some one answei? 

The Combi.ned Headers and Tbrasuers. — 
We have not heard much of the combined har- 
vesters, as yet, this year, but many have been 
put into the fields, and reports will, no doubt, 
come in due time. The S;ockton Independent 
says that near that city, on L. U. Sbippee's 
ranch, two — one the Hawser and the other the 
Young machine — are in use. The yield of grain 
IS 30 bushels to the acre, and each machine has 
a capacity for heading and thrashing ,30 acres 
per day. Twenty mules are used on each, the 
Young machine requiring five men, and the 
Hawser machine four men. A IC-ft. header is used 
fur heavy grain, and a 20-ft. knife for a lighter 
stand. Thecotnbined machine, atonestep, revolu- 
tionizes harvest operations. It moves along as 
if it were a huge thing of life and possessed a 
conscious power and pride. The sacks, as fast 
as they are filled and sewed, are dumped in tbe 
field, and teams follow after, and as fast as they 
are loaded, go directly to the warehouse or 
wherever the storing place may be, thus requir- 
ing handling but once. In fact, it may be said 
that the grain does not stop from tbe time it ia 
cut until it is in a warehouse waiting for trans- 
portation to Europe or some other distant point. 

Agricultural Scienck. — The third annual 
meeting of the Society for tbe Promotion of 
Agricultural .Science will be held at Montreal, 
Canada, August 21st and 22d, 1$S2, commenc- 
ng at A. M., at the rooms of the Natural His- 
tory Society. The meetings will be open to 
tbe public, and a reasonable time will he granted 
for the discuesion of subjects presented, by all 
who desire, under the rules, to take part. A 
long list of papers is published, among them 
one by C. II. Dwinelle, on "Horticultural Q]ar- 

Next month President Arthur and members 
of the Cabinet will visit the Denver (Colorado) 
exposition. It is understood that the Presiden- 
tial party will afterward extend their tour to 
San Francisco, coming here by the Atchison, 
Topeka & Santa Fe and the Southern Pacific 

July 22, 1882.] 


Wheat Abroad. 

The latest by telegram from the English 
■wheat market is that the Egyptian trouble is 
making prices firmer, and that it is feared that 
two or three months' delay may be occasioned 
in the delivery of Indian wheat. Buyers here 
are doing their best to talk down the pos- 
sible effects of the war on pricef, and say that 
there will be no rise. The Eaglish should under- 
stand the matter pretty well, and their markets 
show that they think the war may endanger or 
delay supplies. Producers here are of the same 
opinion, and are holding firmly for an advance. 

The latest by mail from the Russian wheat 
region brings reports, drawn from 48 telegrams 
received from the different heads of govern- 
ments, stating the present aspect of the crops 
up to the ICih of June. In one group of seven 
differen tgovernments the reports state the winter 
wheat is very satisfactory, and promises a pro- 
ductive harvest. In the second group, one 
may reckon 23 governments, and in all districts 
the winter wheat is reported as good. In the third 
group the governments state that in some dis- 
tricts it is frozen or otherwise spoilt by drouth 
or worm. Very bad are the accounts received 

Gathering Crop Reports, 

We learn from an Eastern journal that "Com- 
missioner of Agriculture Loring has appointed 
Edward J. MofFatt, of New York, as agent of 
his department to gather and report agricul- 
tural and crop prospects from Europe. He will 
be attached to the Legation at London as a 
Deputy Cjnsul. His reports will give the Com- 
missioner and, through him, the farmers of the 
country such valuable information as they have 
never had before. The new system will be in 
working order in a few weeks." 

Some special agent or assistant should be ap- 
pointed to gather similar information concern- 
ing agricultural affairs on the Pacific coast. It 
will not be necessary to recite the arguments 
we have several times brought forward on this 
subject, but it cannot be doubted that if some 
one, well acquainted with the country, should be 
engaged to collect statistics of agricultural pro- 
gress and descriptions of successful methods on 
this coast, information would be secured which 
would aid greatly in filling the Government 
lands with men capable of developing them, 
and thus minister to the advancement of the 
country — which is, we suppose, one of the ob- 


The Peanut Product. 

California peanut-growers will be interested 
in some notes on the peanut crop of the United 
States, which we find in a New York paper. 
It seems that in 1880, 2, 120.000 bushels of these 
nuts were raised in Virginia, North Carolina 
and Tennessee. In 1880, owing to the plenti- 
ful supply of peanuts, the prices were very low 
— from three to five cents per pound. In 1881 
a terrible drouth was experienced in the peanut- 
raising districts of the South. The conse- 
quences were that the crop fell below 50% of 
what it wa? during the 12 previous months. 
The result was a large increase in prices. Pea- 
nuts advanced rapidly, and the lower grades, 
which had a few months previously sold at 
three cents per pound, are now realizing seven 
cents, and those which had brought five cents 
are sold in bulk at ten cents per pound. The 
crop for laRt year was but one-half of that 
gathered in 1880. 

The present outlook for a plentiful supply for 
the forthcoming season, which commetices on 
the 15'h of October next, is very flattering. It 
is unlikely that prices will be as low as in 1880, 
when the choicest Virginia nuts were sold at 
i^ita. A similar article is now bringing lOcts. 
per pound. 

Two years or less ago, Spanish (shelled) pea- 
nuts were imported largely into this country for 
confectionary purposes. In 1878 Spanish pea- 
nut seed was sown in Virginia, which State now 
raises as fine a nut as that previously imported; 
and, wheieas, the price for the imported article 
was from l^ata. to lOcts. per pound, the do- 
mestic crop, which, if anything, is superior, 
sells at 5cts. to Gets, per pound. About 
10,000 bushels of these Spanish peanuts have 
been raised, but it is expected that double or 
more of this quality will be gathered yearly. 
Peanuts are consumed in every State of the 
Union; a quantity are shipped to Canadian 
ports, and quite a number of bushels are sent 
to the Bermuda and West India islands. 

The future prospects are exceptionally bright. 
The acreage is very large, and the season, com- 
mencing October 15th next, promises to yield 
more peanuts by many thousands of bushels 
than were ever raised before. 

The crop ending September 30, 1881, is esti- 

mated as follows : 


Tennessee 660,000 

Virginia 1,550 000 

North Carolina 120,000 

Total 2,320,000 

At an average o( 7 cents per pound $35,400 

Total consumption for three years in the 
United States: 


1878 1,063,000 

1879 1,.380,000 

1880 1 927,000 

Total 4 373,000 

At an average price of 5 cents per pound ?218,650 

In the Forest. 

Now lihat the aun'a rays are becoming more 
direct, and the thoughts of shady retreats forces 
itself upon the mind, what is more grateful 
than the cool shade and musical air of the for- 
est to one who has toiled or traveled for hours 
under the burning sun? The forest and its 
charms have furnished themes for the grandest 
poems, and they fill with pleaeure those who 
feel poetry they cannot express. The little 
scene which the artist has caught in the picture 
upon this page will suggest to many the pleas- 
ures of summer rambles. It will be good to let 
the scene be a prompting to the over-busy ones 
to escape to the restful quiet of the fciest, that 
their tired natures may be refreshed by it, and 
their minds and bodies strengthened for longer 
life and more zealous deeds. 

A Rock-fenced Farm.— A sprightly corre- 
spondent of the Record Union notes a peculiarly 
charming Colorado farm, as follows: "If ever 
I adopt agricultural proclivities I shall maul the 
soil of Colorado. I visited a ranch owned by 
William Hicklen, which struck me as being 
about the right place for a lazy man. He has a 
little green patch of about 400 acres, right in 
the mountains, of almost level sward. It is 
naturally fenced in by walls of basaltic rock. 
The rocks run up almost straight for 50 or 100 
ft., and form an amphitheater, accessible only 
y an entrance not over 60 >ards wide. Only 
CO yards of fencing — think of it ! A waterfall 
drops from the rocks, and a stream of clear 
mountain water slips through the ranch." What 
a delightful place ! 

Farmers' Congress. — A Farmers' Congress 
will assemble in .St. Louis, Sept. 29tb. Hon. 
John Bidwell is Vice President for California. 
In a sketch of the aims and methods of the 
Congress we read; "The Vice-Presidents have 
responsible and important duties to perform. 
They are expected to report the condition of 
farming in their respective States, with their 
views as to the best policy to encourage a bet- 
ter system of agriculture. They are requested 
to make known to the people of their States 
the benefits to result from the national union of 
farmers, and labor to build up every organiza- 
tion having for its object the advancement of 
the agrioaltaral interest," 

from the government of Nishnig Novgorod, in 
which the condition of the winter wheat was 
seen to be very unsatisfactory after the going 
away of the snow, but after the commencement 
of more favorable weather, and the later 
frequent rains, it ha?, in a measure, 
somewhat recovered, and now looks con- 
siderably better. In the Government of Pensa 
out of 500,000 acres fully 25 000 are wholly lost, 
which have now been re-plowed and sown with 
summer wheat. In the Government of Pol- 
tawa in some places the winter wheat is entirely 
lost, in consequenca of the early autumn and 
la",e spring frosts, and there is little hope for an 
average crop. In the Government of Smolensk 
the winter wheat is only moderate, on account 
of the snowless winter. Of the Governments 
of Charkow, Zula, Twer and Tschernigow the 
same can be said as of the Government of Smo 
lensk. Cherson paints the saddest picture of 
all; there the rye is entirely gone or fed ofif on 
account of the failure of grass in the pastures, 
or else it is regularly blighted and does not 
come to perfection. 

All over Russia the condition of the spring 
wheat is very satisfactory. A good hay crop 
is also expected, except in some places where it 
has suffered too much from drouth. All in all, 
one can call the outlook satisfactory in relation 
to winter wheat (except in the few instances 
mentioned above), and very satisfactory for 
summer or spring wheat and grass. 

To Make Corks Stay. — Force the corks 
into the bottles brim full of liquid, and they 
will adhere firmly. Vials thus corked can be 
safely carried in a valise without otherwise 

John Bright has resigned from the Britiah 

jects of government. The Department of Agri- 
culture, although it has made commendable ef- 
fort, has never been able to secure adequate in- 
formation from this coast; and it never will, so 
long as it operates at so great distance, and 
without an actual acquaintance with the local 
characteristics of the land and the people. 

The Southern Honey Crop. — Honey will 
be worth money this year if the canners 
and bottlers in the city do not put up too much 
glucose syrup. The San Diego says: "The 
honey crop of the county is going to be a short 
one — less than half — as an aggregate. Favored 
localities may do a little better than half, or up 
to the latter, but the county will not be better 
than stated." The Los Angeles Union reports 
a similar condition as follows: The honey crop 
of this section will be almost nil this year. A 
few favored localities will turn out a fair pro- 
duct, but the majority of the ranges will fur- 
nish hardly enough to feed the bees alone. That 
is said to be the case with the range along the 
Sierras to the north of the city, and also that of 
the Santa Monica range. 

Stanislaus County. — The Modesto Journal 
siys : The wheat about this section is now 
pretty well cut, and the thiaihers are at work 
in every quarter. As a gf neral thing, the crop 
is yielding from 10% to 20% better than was ex- 
pected. The scarcity of hands has somewhat 
retarded operationn, and farmers have been 
obliged to pay a higher rate of wages than is 
ufual, besides havii g to submit to the inconven- 
ience of having, ia some cases, incompetent and 
otherwise objectionable people around them. 
However, the crop will ultimately be gathered 
aud thra'ihed, for which we ought to be and 
are thankful. 

California Cheese Factories. 

The cheese interest of California is growing 
steadily and availing itself of all local and dis- 
tant markets which are at present attainable. 
The most rapid growth has been in Los Angeles 
county, where, upon the moist low lands in the 
southern part of the county, there have sprung 
up magnificent alfalfa fields and unlimited 
quantities of other materials suited to promote 
the milk flow. The Los Angeles Mirror reports 
nine factories, all of them doing well and turn- 
ing out, in the aggregate, a very large amount of 
cheese. There is one located up the river, two 
at the Ballona, two at Compton, one or two at 
Norwalk and Artesia, one at or near Santa Ana, 
and one near Wilmington. And there is room 
for a dozen more. The cheese finds a market 
readily at 12^ cents per pound, uncased. One 
firm in Los Angeles sells an average of 3,000 
pounds per week. Their specialty is the Harsh- 
man or Anchor brand cheese. The factory is 
located at Compton, and has a capacity of 1,000 
to 1,200 pounds per day. This factory reported 
last year a very creditable yield from the milk, 
being one pound of cheese from something less 
than nine pounds of milk — average for the sea- 
son. We should like to know more about 
what the factories are doing, who runs them, 
all about the feed and yield of the cows, the 
methods of manufacture, etc. Some kind friend 
might write us a good article on this subject. 

We find in the last issue of the Santa Clara 
Journal an abstract of the last annual report of 
R. McComas, Secretary of the Santa Clara 
cheese factory, submitted and adopted at the 
last regular meeting of the stockholders, which 
took place on the 8th inst. The report shows 
the number of pounds of milk received from 
patron stockholders to be 1,569,695; number of 
pounds of milk received from patrons, not stock- 
holders, 98,471; total milk used, 1,608,166. 
Pounds of cheese made during the year, 158,- 
675; pounds of milk to one pound of cheese, 
10 51-100; aveiage price per pound for cheese 
sold, less commissions paid, 13 97 100 cents; 
gross sales of cheese for the year, $22,172.45; 
paid dividends on milk, $19,268.14. Among 
the many items paid out during the year, we 
note the following: 

Wood ^ 180 00 

Coal 66 15 

Labor in factory i 120 OQ 

Labor of Secretary '403 00 

Incidental expenses 444 75 

Repaira on factory and machinery 56 65 

Improvements to buildinpr and machinery 125 00 

The year jost closed shows an increase of 25% 
over last year's business, and the prospects are 
highly flattering. The board of directors for 
the year just commenced is the same as last 
year, all the old officers having been re elected, 
and is as follows: S. I. .Jamison, President; A. 
B. Hunter, Treasurer; R. McComas, Secretary; 
James Sutherland, L. P. Alexander. 

Fruit and Flowers.— The S. F. Fruit & 
Flower Mission, located at 713 Mission street, 
desire in thi« public manner to return thanks 
to Mr. W. H Jessup, of Alameda, for a large 
chest of fine ripe black cherries — say 12 boxes 
—a bushel or more of this delicious fruit, 
which they distributed on Thursday to the sick 
and destitute, which they look after every 
week— the Children's Shelter, Old Ladies' 
Home, Women's H )8pital, the City and 
County H )Bpital. aud elsewhere. In short, the 
ladies are all too glad to be the almoners of the 
bounty of those who have fruit and fluwers to 
send to their hall as above every Wednesday and 
Thursday. The latter is the day for general 
distribution. Are there not others like Mr. 
Jessup, who will send in of their abundance? 
Wells, Fargo & Co. make no charge for ex- 
pressing fruit and flowers to the city, directed 
as above. It is the only gift of the kind ever 
sent into the Mission. Berkeley and Vacaville 
are liberal givers every week, but how many 
other towns ought to remember these ladies, 
who do so much good in visiting the sick, 
with delicacies so much needed by them? 

Artificial Soil.— M. Dudouy, of Saint Ouen, 
has been very successful in chemical horticult- 
ure. In his garden he has cultivated legumes, 
flowers and trees in parallel rows in 3 manners: 
1, with ordinary manures; 2, with chemical 
manures in garden soil; 3, with a special com- 
pound, which he calls floral, in pure sand. The 
results of the third experiments have been very 
striking, yielding the earliest, the largest, and 
the most delicate vegetables, as well as the 
most thrifty and brilliant flowers. The floral 
contains nitrogen, phosphoric acid, potash, mag- 
nesia and sulphur, in a form so concenfirated as 
to require dilution with 20,000 times their vol- 
ume of water. The experiments have been 
continued for 5 years, with uniform success. — 
Les Mondes. 

Active stepj have at last been taken in St, 
Paul, Minn, to abate the locomotive whiit'irg 
nuisance. Repeated notices have been given to 
the railroad companies to have the whistling 
stopped, but no attention ban been paid to it by 
the engineers, and Mayor Rice has now in- 
structed Chief Weber to have every engineer 
arrested who miy be caught blowing his whistle 
within the ty limit". 

Important changes in the star route schs'lale 
for California have been made by the post offij« 



[July 22, 1882 


The Handsomest. Stiffest, and Most Durable. No Rust. No Decay. Secure Against Fire. Flood and Wind. 

IT IS THE ONLY BARB WIRE that will prevent small animals, such as rabbits, hares, pigs, dogs, cats, etc., from passing through, under or over it, the barbs are so near each other. 

The Barbs being triangular-shaped, like the teeth of a saw, and close together, there is no crunUy to animals, as they cannot pierce the hide; they only prick, which is all that ia ever necessary 
as no animal will go mar a Barb Fence twice. , „r. . „ , „ , 

AS THE WIRE IS NOT BENT OR TWISTED, its tensile strength is much greater than the U ire in all other Barb U ire Fences, as they are all made of twisted or bent Wire. 

HEAT AND COLD CANNOT AFFECT THE AMERICAN BARB FENCE, as it can be allowed to sag when put up, enough to cover contraction and expansion, because it is a continuotis 
Barb, and cannot slip throwjh the staples one inch. Each panel of Fence tabes care of itself. 

The Barbs cannot be displaced or rubbed off, and are not pounded on and indented into the wire to hold them in place, aa in other Barb Wire, thereby decreasing the strength of the Wire 
The Barbs are short, and broad at the base, where strength is required. 

THE PAINTED WEIGHS A POUND TO THE ROD, so that the purchaser knows exactly how much fencing he is getting. Oalvanized weighs slightly more. 


1 10, 112, 114 and 1 16 Battery St., San Francisco, 

Sole Agents for the Pacific Coast. 


The Harmon Seminary, 

Berkeley, Cal. 

A New Boaedino aud Day School, for 
YouKO Ladies, 

Will be conducted bv REV. S S HARMON 
and Mrs. F. W. HARMON, for the last 10 
years principals of Waahlnp'ton College 

The HARMON SEMINARY will receive girls of all 
ages; the instruction comprising Primary, Preparatory 
and Academic. Thorough course in the English 
branchee. Tlie Arts, Mu;ic and Modem Languages in 
charge of well known masters. Special course prepara- 
tory to Ihe State University. 

The HARMON SEMINARY will be first-class in all re- 
spects, and will combine the best educational adrantages 
with homo care, guidance and guardianship. 

The first year will open August 3, 1882. 

For prospectus aud other information, address 
S. S HARMON, Berlteley, Cal., 
Or. E. J. WICKSON, 414 Clay St., S. F. 

Telegraph Institute acd Normal School. Corner Hunter 
street and Miner Avenue, .Stucktun, Cal. Largest School of 
its kinrl nn this coaat Open day luid evening. Tuition and 
expenses less than one-half tlu- usual rate, fcx^elleut boaid, 
SIO per imtiith. < finrscs of Study: Full liusiuess Course, 
YmW Normal Course, Ueview Course. Special Courses. Ttach- 
era'Courrie. Preparatory Course, Telegiapy, Languages. The 
Colli-ge Jotu'nal. ctiulaiuiug full inf jMuatioii. i^ili he sent 
post paid to any address. F. K. t;LAUK, Priucipal. 


T. A. Robinson 

LIFE lSCJ10LAKSinP8, $70. 

Paid ia InstallmentH, $73. 
i^Send for circulars. 




Takes first ranlc for thorough- 
ness and ability of its teachers; 
also for home care. 

I Basiness, Clastlcal, and 
I English Departments. 

I Next Term commences July 17th 

Send lor Calalogus to D. P. SACKETT, A. M , 
Principal, Oakland, Cal. 

Sonoma Valley College. 

lias the most desirable location and the finest school 
building on the coast. The clmate is warm and health- 
ful. It is free equally from fogs and malaria during the 
summer. The school is sutticiently removed from the 
city to preserve regular habits on the part of pupils, and 
to protect them against contagious dineases. Only the 
best pupils from th«> best families are sodght. The num- 
ber of boarding students will be limited |)09itively to 
twenty, and application for admission must be made in 
advance. To this limited number of pupils will be se- 
cured the best companionship, the best accomodations, 
the best care and the ablest instruction that can be pro- 
cured in any flrst-class sc hool of the East. The Principal 
is well. known as an educator, being the FOUNDER OF 
THE BURKELRY GYMNASIUM. He will be supported 
by a Faculty composed of young mtn in the prime of 
life and recogn zeii by the public as successful teachers. 
.Students prepared for any American University. Special 
att-ntion wili also be given to the Enclish and Commer- 
cial Uepartment. The next term will begin on 

Mondajr, Jaly 31gt, 

Registered students can be admitted earlier if desired. 
For catalogues or particulars, address 

JOHN F. BURRIS, Principal, 
Sonoma, Cal. 



1825 Telegraph Avenue, Oakland, Cal. 
The next year will begin on 

WEDNESDAY. JULY 26. 1882. 

H. N. FIELD, FrlncipaL 

417 Kearny Street, San Francisco. 


Piesident. Business Mauager. 

^"Send for Circulars .gJT 




San Francisco 



In Eleven Hours. 

Passengers leave San Francisco via C. P. R. R., at 8 A. 
M.; arrive at Calisloga 11:15 A. M . Leave Calistoga at 12 
M. daily (S'lndajs excepted); anive at Lakcport in even- 
iiii. On Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturday s, Btajjes leave 
Calistoga for Lakeport via Middleton, Glenbrook, Kelsey- 
ville and Soda liay; R<.turning alteinate days. 

This is the Most Direct Line trom 
San Francisco to Lakeport. 

Most Picturesque and Ut>mantic Route on the Coast, 
from Mt. St. Helena it affords the traveler a view of the 
fainid Napa and Russian River Valleys and the Coast 
Halite; and from Cobb Mountain to the great Clear Lake 
Itegion in front and the Pacific ocean in the rear. This 
line ccjnnccts with stages for Anderson, Adams, Sievler, 
Howard tSprings and soda Bai". On .Mondays, Wednes- 
da}'!i and Fridays stages Uave Calistoga at 12 u. for Mid- i 
dlcton, Guenoc, Lower L.ake, anu Sulphur Banks; return- ' 
ing alternate days. This lire connects at Lower Lake 
with stages for siegler, Howard, Adams and the celebrated 
liartlett Springs. These lines arc stocked with tine 


Driven by the most skillful drivers on the coast. For full 
information and tickets apply to SAM. MILLER. 

Tourist and Ticket Agt , 
2 New Montgomery St. , Palace Hotel. 

^'Round Trip Tickets to Lakeport and Return, $12.*6i 
Single Tickets. $C.50. 
Lakeport olflce at W. W. Green's Hotel. 
JOHK CiJiRK, Agent. W. F. FisuiK, Proprietor. 

New Crop Insect Powder. 


None geDuint without this trade mark. 

An iniDorted powder of a l>right yellow color is snmetimeB 
sold ai Kuhacb. Buy ouly that which bears our trade mark. 
All ririiggists and grocers net keepiug it se'^d for price list.